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Wiemelt A P - - 1997
Adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) is a key second messenger in signaling pathways governing many cellular processes. To define the subcellular localization and relative abundance of cAMP, we developed a novel immunochemical approach based on acrolein fixation to visualize cAMP within cells. We describe here the fixation and immobilization of cAMP ...
Geisbuhler T P - - 1997
The adult heart depends largely on salvage synthesis to supply its 5'-nucleotide needs. Previous work from this laboratory established that guanosine is metabolized into guanine 5'-nucleotides in heart cells, but that salvage rates are very slow as compared to adenosine. The author hypothesized that guanosine salvage is regulated according to ...
Cobb V J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible direct action of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) on adrenal cortisol secretion and to define its mechanism of action. DESIGN: The human adrenocortical carcinoma cell line NCI H295, which is not contaminated by medullary chromaffin cells, was used to aid distinction between a direct action of ...
Constantin J - - 1997
Production, uptake, and metabolic effects of cyclic AMP (cAMP) were measured in the bivascularly perfused rat liver in anterograde and retrograde perfusion. Glucagon, cAMP, N6,2'-O-dibutyryl cAMP and N6-monobutyryl cAMP were infused into the portal vein (anterograde perfusion), the hepatic vein (retrograde perfusion), or the hepatic artery (anterograde and retrograde perfusion) ...
Villone G - - 1997
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is the second messenger that stimulates growth and differentiation of thyroid cells, which are dependent upon thyrotropin for the initiation of the cell cycle. Treatment of thyroid cells with phosphodiesterase inhibitors, such as 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine (IBMX), RO-20-1724, or aminophylline, induces persistent levels of cAMP and blocks cell proliferation. ...
Weisman R - - 1997
Rapamycin is a microbial macrolide which belongs to a family of immunosuppressive drugs that suppress the immune system by blocking stages of signal transduction in T lymphocytes. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells, as in T lymphocytes, rapamycin inhibits growth and cells become arrested at the G1 stage of the cell cycle. ...
Carré D A - - 1997
Ciliary epithelial cells possess multiple purinergic receptors, and occupancy of A1 and A2 adenosine receptors is associated with opposing effects on intraocular pressure. Aqueous adenosine produced increases in short-circuit current across rabbit ciliary epithelium, blocked by removing Cl- and enhanced by aqueous Ba2+. Adenosine's actions were further studied with nonpigmented ...
Casey M L - - 1997
The levels of intracellular cAMP in human myometrial smooth muscle cells in serum-free medium, or medium that contained FBS (1%, vol/vol), were determined after treatment with the homologous peptides, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), adrenomedullin (ADM), and amylin, without or with added isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX). These cells were sensitive to CGRP, responding ...
Guo X W - - 1997
Cl- conductance and capacitance were simultaneously measured in the mucin-secreting cell line, HT29-Cl.16E (Cl.16E), and its sister cell line, HT29-Cl.19A (Cl.19A), which lacks mucin granules. Purinergic stimulation by extracellular ATP transiently increased Cl- conductance in both cell lines with similar peak increases of 0.92 and 1.00 nS/pF in Cl.16E and ...
Seki H - - 1997
We have investigated the roles of interleukin-1beta as a regulator of progesterone and chorionic gonadotrophin production from human placental cells. In primary placental cells IL-1beta increased hCG synthesis through a cyclic AMP-independent pathway, and was without effect on progesterone or cyclic AMP production. Since dibutyryl cyclic AMP increased progesterone production, ...
Kamada H - - 1997
It has been reported that the immunosuppressant mizoribine (MZR) inhibits T cell proliferation by depleting intracellular guanine nucleotides via competitive inhibition of inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) dehydrogenase in the purine metabolism pathway. This study was performed to determine if the mechanism by which MZR suppresses the proliferation of mouse B cells ...
Sharif N A - - 1997
We sought to establish and immunocytochemically characterize primary cultures of human conjunctival epithelial (HCE) cells, and to determine the types of receptors coupled to adenylate cyclase (AC) and phospholipase C (PLC) present on them which may be stimulated following allergic or inflammatory provocation of the tissue. HCE cells possessed the ...
Cassoni P - - 1997
Oxytocin (OT) inhibits the proliferation of breast-cancer cells in vitro via a specific G-coupled receptor. To elucidate the intracellular mechanism involved in this biological effect, different G-coupled receptor mediators have been investigated in untreated and OT-treated MDA-MB231 breast-carcinoma cells. In these cells, after OT treatment, a significant cAMP increase was ...
Zhong Z G - - 1997
The role of adhesion molecule L1 in synapse formation was examined by transient transfection of L1 cDNA in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid NG108-15 cells. L1 overexpression was found in approximately 50% of the transfected NG108-15 cell population. Neurite outgrowth induced by 0.25 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP (cAMP) was much greater ...
Vainio M - - 1997
Adenosine has been shown to modulate cell proliferation in FRTL-5 thyroid cells, although the mechanisms by which this interaction occurs is still unclear. In the present study we investigated the effects of adenosine on the 3H-thymidine incorporation, cell cycle kinetics, and expression of the transcription factor c-Fos in cells stimulated ...
Rahn J J - - 1997
beta-L-(-)-2',3'-Dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC) is a cytosine nucleoside analog that potently inhibits the replication of human and duck hepatitis B viruses and human immunodeficiency virus through the activity of its 5'-triphosphate ester metabolite. The present study examined the intracellular decay of 3TC 5'-phosphates and tested strategies for modulating the cellular content of ...
Zurbonsen K - - 1997
Phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors were shown to inhibit proliferation of various cell types. The present investigation was designed to study the activity of selective PDE inhibitors (8-MeoMIX, milrinone, trequinsin, rolipram, RO-201724, zaprinast, and MY-5445) on the proliferation of the Dami cell line in relation to their effects on cAMP levels and ...
Li J - - 1997
The expression and signal transduction of the glucagon receptor (GR) have been studied in betaTC3 cells. Northern blot and RT-PCR analysis indicated the expression of the GR gene in betaTC3 cells. One-5 nM glucagon stimulated a 2.5-fold increase in the IP(S) production. At glucagon concentrations higher than 5 nM, the ...
Gomez L A - - 1997
This study used the colorimetric MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide)] assay to assess cell viability in isolated quiescent adult guinea-pig ventricular myocytes exposed to different insults or cardioprotective conditions, including adenosine and hyperkalemic-cardioplegia. Optical density (OD), reflecting intracellular reduction of MTT into formazan pigment formation, was a function of the number ...
Khanum F - - 1997
Effects of photofrin II (PII) and light on the intra cellular nucleotide levels have been investigated using BHK-21 cell line. Results indicate that lower concentrations of photofrin II in dark increases ATP levels in a non linear manner, however, there has been no change in energy charge and levels of ...
Agnihotri N - - 1997
The temporal dynamics of the intracellular second messenger cyclic AMP (cAMP) were monitored in living PC12 cells by digital fluorescence ratio imaging using FlCRh, a single-excitation dual-emission cAMP indicator. When the cells were depolarized by exposure to high K+, the free cAMP concentration was elevated, and then slowly decreased back ...
Marie P J - - 1997
We studied the osteoblastic abnormalities resulting from activating mutation of the Gs alpha gene in two patients with McCune-Albright syndrome and one patient with monostotic fibrous dysplasia. Histomorphometric analysis of dysplastic lesions showed a low number of differentiated osteoblasts along the bone surface and numerous immature alkaline phosphatase-positive mesenchymal cells ...
Waters C M - - 1997
The mesothelial cells that form the visceral pleura of the lung are subjected to physical forces such as stretch due to lung expansion and fluid shear stress due to the sliding motion of the lung against the chest wall. In this study, the effect of mechanical forces on the production ...
Mazurek S - - 1997
In differentiated tissues, such as muscle and brain, increased adenosine monophosphate (AMP) levels stimulate glycolytic flux rates. In the breast cancer cell line MCF-7, which characteristically has a constantly high glycolytic flux rate, AMP induces a strong inhibition of glycolysis. The human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-453, on the other ...
Machida K - - 1997
Among various nucleoside 5'-alkylphosphates, uridine 5'-hexadecylphosphate (UMPC16) and adenosine 5'-hexadecylphosphate (AMPC16) inhibited the sexual agglutination between a and alpha haploid cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The effect of AMPC16 accompanied severe growth inhibition of the yeast cells but it was not observed with UMPC16. Sexual agglutination was not inhibited by the ...
Resta R - - 1997
CD73 (ecto-5'-nucleotidase), a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored purine salvage enzyme expressed on the surface of human T and B lymphocytes, catalyzes the conversion of purine and pyrimidine ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside monophosphates to the corresponding nucleosides. The cellular distribution, cDNA sequence, and structure of CD73 are reviewed. CD73 serves as a ...
Takemasa T - - 1997
Almost all types of cells in vivo are constantly subjected to mechanical deformation derived from muscular movement, respiration, or blood pulsation. In order to elucidate how cells and their cytoskeletal components respond to these stimuli, we developed a new device which can apply a wide range of uniaxial cyclic strain ...
Takaisi-Kikuni N B - - 1997
Biochemical and immunochemical investigations were used in order to study the quantitative and qualitative localization of CAMP factor (protein B) in the cell fractions of Streptococcus agalactiae during the logarithmic growth phase. The dynamic quantitative distribution of CAMP factor activity showed that higher concentrations of CAMP factor were found in ...
Akagi J - - 1997
Recently, we reported that low (PC-1)- and high-invasive cell lines (PC-1.0) were established on the basis of hamster pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, and PC-1.0 cells were secreting the dissociation factor in the supernatant (DF-CM) which induced cell dissociation and enhancement of cell motility. The cell motility of PC-1.0 is about 6 ...
Morimoto C - - 1997
Norepinephrine-induced lipolysis was examined in visceral (epididymal and omental) and subcutaneous (abdominal and femoral) fat cells in rats. Hormone-induced lipolysis was considerably higher in the visceral fat cells than in the subcutaneous cells. A higher hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) activity was present in the visceral than in the subcutaneous fat cells. ...
Campagnolo L - - 1997
The effects of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on cell proliferation of SK-N-MC human neuroepithelioma cell line was studied. Clonal density experiments in the presence of 100 microM rolipram and zaprinast showed respectively 27% and 91% inhibition. The effects of PDE inhibitors were then investigated on crude cell extracts; the ...
Szabados E - - 1996
Human lymphocytes lacking adenosine deaminase die and T-cell leukemias are killed by deoxycoformycin (dCf), an inhibitor of adenosine deaminase, due to impaired metabolism of dAdo. The initial metabolism of exogenous adenosine (Ado) and deoxyadenosine (dAdo) has been compared in human erythrocytes and CCRF-CEM leukemia cells and the data obtained have ...
Burns K D - - 1996
Rabbit cortical collecting duct (CCD) cells were immortalized to study angiotensin II (ANG II) signaling in the CCD. Transfected cells retained CCD properties; arginine vasopressin (AVP), prostaglandin E2, and isoproterenol (10(-7) M) all significantly stimulated adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) production; and parathyroid hormone and calcitonin had no effect on cAMP. ...
Sam S - - 1996
The serpent (srp) gene, also known as ABF, codes for a GATA-like transcription factor and is involved in the transcription activation of Adh in the larval fat body or adipose tissue. Here, we describe the tissue-specific distribution of SRP protein in various stages of embryonic development and describe srp's role ...
Wolpert S - - 1996
As a prelude to a silicon implementation of a live locomotory network, the phenomena of tonic excitation in single cells, reciprocal inhibition in pairs of cells, and recurrent cyclic inhibition in rings of five cells were recreated and subjected to parametric tests of oscillatory range and stability. Various networks were ...
Krause G - - 1996
Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) regulates growth and/or differentiation of some tumor cells in culture. The effects of cAMP on human parotid acinar cells have never been studied. Results showed that 2HPC8 (non-tumorigenic cells derived from human pleomorphic parotid adenoma) were more sensitive to dibutyryl cAMP, an analog of cAMP, and ...
Ryan-Moro J - - 1996
Behaviorally, sigma1 agents modulate opioid analgesia. To examine possible mechanisms responsible for these interactions, we have identified a cell line containing both sigma1 and opioid receptors. [3H](+)-pentazocine binding in BE(2)-C human neuroblastoma cells is high affinity (KD 3.4 +/- 0.7 nM) and high density (Bmax 2.98 +/- 0.14 pmol/mg protein). ...
Freeman D A - - 1996
The R2C Leydig tumor cells demonstrate constitutive steroidogenesis as well as the constitutive production of the steroidogenic acute regulatory peptide (StAR). Since the introduction of StAR into cells does not by itself reproduce the steroidogenic response of cAMP, the present studies were designed to determine whether processes normally stimulated by ...
Dalmau I - - 1996
The present work examined the effects induced by dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (dB-cAMP) on microglial cells in primary glial cell cultures from newborn rats. Microglial cells were identified by OX42 immunohistochemistry and nucleoside diphosphatase histochemistry. Double staining for astrocytes was carried out by combination with glial fibrillary acidic protein immunolabeling. ...
James R G - - 1996
We examined the effects of overexposure of testosterone (T) on fat cell morphology and adipocyte precursor pools in inguinal and retroperitoneal fat depots of ovariectomized rats. In both tissues peripubertal T decreased weights without affecting adipocyte mean cell size or the size distribution profiles, but adipocyte number was decreased by ...
Kawai Y - - 1996
We investigated the effects of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor and dibutyryl cAMP (dBcAMP) on the cell injury induced by cephaloridine (CER) in an established renal epithelial cell LLC-PK1. CER increased the leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from LLC-PK1 cells to the medium and the level of lipid peroxidation in the cells. ...
Ferreira G M - - 1996
Early studies, using kinetic methods, suggested that the isozyme pattern of lactate dehydrogenase in various cells oscillated with time. More recent electrophoretic studies on murine erythroleukaemic cells (which exhibit only one isozyme) indicated very high frequency variations (period 2 min or less) in the amount of the lone active isozyme. ...
Nakamura J - - 1996
We examined the change in the adenylyl cyclase activity of S49 cells occurring after exposure to calcium ionophore, A23187. MnCl2-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity in membrane preparations increased by 67 +/- 3% (after 24 h treatment with 0.3 microM A23187), while no significant change was found in the basal activity or ...
Kawabe J i - - 1996
An insect ovarian cell, Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9), has been widely used to express recombinant proteins, including adenylyl cyclase, as a host cell in the baculovirus expression system. We report the presence and characterization of a soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) distinct from a membrane-bound form of adenylyl cyclase (mAC) that is ...
Deterre P - - 1996
The human leukocyte surface Ag CD38 was recently identified as a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)(+)-glycohydrolase ecto-enzyme, degrading NAD into nicotinamide and ADP-ribose. We show here that expression of CD38 is increased in the Jurkat T cell line after treatment with agents that augment intracellular cAMP, with the permeant cAMP analogue ...
Pang I H - - 1996
PURPOSE: To study the effects of natriuretic peptides on cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production and calcium mobilization in cultured human ocular cells. METHODS: Cultured simian virus 40-transformed (HTM-3) and nontransformed (HTM-16) human trabecular meshwork (TM) cells and nontransformed human ciliary muscle (CM) cells were used. Accumulation of cGMP in cells ...
Laglia G - - 1996
Thyroid cell growth and function are regulated by several hormones and growth factors that bind to cell surface receptors coupled via G proteins, Gs and Gq, to stimulation of adenylyl cyclase and phospholipase C (PLC), respectively. We created a permanently transfected FRTL-5 cell line (TG8) in which the thyroglobulin gene ...
Chanson M - - 1996
The effect of intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) on dye and electrical coupling was studied in T84 cells, a cell line often used as a model for epithelial cell fluid secretion. Injections of lucifer yellow (LY) into single cells within a cluster of control cells resulted in LY localization to ...
Raub T J - - 1996
Noncontact coculture of postconfluent bovine brain microvessel endothelial cell (BMEC) monolayers with rat C6 glioma cells results in markedly decreased transmonolayer permeability measured by transendothelial electrical resistance (TER) and solute flux. An elevation in adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) in response to forskolin correlates with an increase in TER through a ...
McCauley L K - - 1996
The temporal sequence of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA, binding, biologic activity, and its dependence on matrix synthesis was determined using MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast-like cells and primary rat calvarial cells in vitro. Osteoblastic cells were induced to differentiate and form mineralized nodules with the addition of ascorbic acid and beta-glycerophosphate, and samples were ...
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