Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1586
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Van Liefde I - - 1998
The ability of the human neuropeptide YY1 receptor subtype to increase the extracellular acidification rate in different cell lines was investigated by using the Cytosensor Microphysiometer. In CHO-Y1 cells (Chinese Hamster Ovary cells expressing the cloned human neuropeptide YY1 receptor), neuropeptide Y increased the acidification rate by up to 15% ...
John M - - 1998
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine cells secrete chemical messengers in a calcium-dependent fashion. So far, other second messenger systems involved in regulated secretion have gained little attention. The aim of this study was to characterize guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP)-mediated vesicular secretion in pancreatic neuroendocrine cells. METHODS: In a human pancreatic ...
Bratten C D - - 1998
To study the cellular events surrounding the formation of purines in cardiac ischemia, we have micromachined a micrometer-scale titer chamber containing an integrated electrochemical sensor, capable of measuring analytes produced by a single heart cell. The analytical procedure involves the determination of metabolites via the amperometric detection of enzymically generated ...
Studzinski D M - - 1998
The N20.1 immortalized cell line has several characteristics of differentiating oligodendrocytes (OLs), including expression of the glycolipids galactocerebroside (GalC) and sulfatide, and the myelin proteins CNPase and myelin basic protein (MBP) (1,2). Addition of 1-100 microM forskolin to elevate cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels changed cell morphology from irregular and flattened ...
Okada Y - - 1998
Bovine trabecular cells in growth phase were exposed to cyclic mechanical stretching of the bottom of a culture dish at a cycle of 30 seconds for 72 hours. The stretched cells produced significantly larger amounts of metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) after 72 hours, compared with cells ...
Franco R - - 1998
Adenosine deaminase (ADA, EC 3.5.4.4) is an enzyme of the purine metabolism which has been the object of considerable interest mainly because the congenital defect causes severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). In the last 10 years, ADA, which was considered to be cytosolic, has been found on the cell surface of ...
Dent G - - 1998
Cyclic AMP (adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate, cAMP) is an intracellular second messenger that mediates the actions of endogenous hormones and neurotransmitters and also of drugs such as beta-adrenoceptor agonists. The presence of functional beta-adrenoceptors on human airway epithelial cells has been demonstrated but the expression of the cAMP-metabolizing enzyme, cyclic nucleotide ...
Ehsan H - - 1998
The evolution of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) levels was investigated in synchronised tobacco BY-2 cells by virtue of a method based on immunoaffinity purification and analysis on electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. A transient peak in cAMP content was observed during the S and G1 phases of the cell cycle. Application ...
Lelièvre V - - 1998
In a previous study, we provided evidence that extracellular adenosine modulates growth of the poorly differentiated colonic adenocarcinoma cells HT29 and proposed that adenosine A1 receptors might mediate proliferative effects. We now extend our investigations to a group of colonic adenocarcinoma cells at different stages of enterocytic differentiation. In HT29, ...
Lelièvre V - - 1998
Several lines of evidence suggest that extracellular adenosine interacting with specific cell surface receptors may influence cell growth and differentiation of cancer cells in culture. The data presented here demonstrate that various treatments of human colonic adenocarcinoma HT29 cells in the presence of exogenously added adenosine deaminase, which converts extracellular ...
Quissell D O - - 1998
Rat parotid salivary gland acinar cells were transfected by CaPO4 precipitation using a plasmid containing a replication-defective simian virus (SV40) genome. Out of 30 clonal cell lines, 2 were shown to have moderate to high levels of cytodifferentiation and salivary gland acinar cell function. Functional studies with the two cell ...
Rakhit S - - 1998
Adrenaline, forskolin and ATP all evoked accumulation of cyclic AMP in equine sweat gland epithelial cells, although the response to adrenaline was more transient than that to forskolin and ATP. Cells preincubated in adrenaline (10 micromol l-1, 32 min) showed essentially complete, homologous desensitisation, and this phenomenon reversed slowly (half-time ...
Marko D - - 1998
In order to study potential changes in phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity associated with malignant transformation, normal primary keratinocytes and cells corresponding to different stages of epidermal tumor development in mouse skin were analyzed with respect to their 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) hydrolyzing activity. Expression of cAMP-specific PDE-4, intracellular cAMP content, and ...
Lelièvre V - - 1998
Human colonic adenocarcinoma cell lines have conserved several features of the native tissue. Among these is the expression of cell surface receptors for hormones and neurotransmitters that may be involved in the regulation of proliferation and differentiation processes in these cancer cells. Here, we confirm that high-affinity binding sites for ...
Gaberscek S - - 1998
The present work is based on the results of in vivo experiments on rats, which had shown that hypercalcemia had led to morphological and biochemical hyperfunction of thyroid follicular cells. The regulation of the activity of follicular cells should directly, or indirectly via paracrine action of serotonin secreted from parafollicular ...
Overgaard A K - - 1998
Saccharomyces cerevisiae was inoculated into a dilute synthetic minimal medium with glycerol as the carbon source. The number of live cells in the cultures was determined by colony counts on agar plates. Untreated control cells had doubled in number about once at the end of the first week and had ...
Abbracchio M P - - 1997
The pathophysiological role of the adenosine A3 receptor in the central nervous system is largely unknown. We have investigated the effects of the selective A3 receptor agonist 2-chloro-N6-(3-iodobenzyl)-adenosine, Cl-IB-MECA, in cells of the astroglial lineage (human astrocytoma ADF cells). A marked reorganization of the cytoskeleton, with appearance of stress fibers ...
Wiemelt A P - - 1997
Adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) is a key second messenger in signaling pathways governing many cellular processes. To define the subcellular localization and relative abundance of cAMP, we developed a novel immunochemical approach based on acrolein fixation to visualize cAMP within cells. We describe here the fixation and immobilization of cAMP ...
Geisbuhler T P - - 1997
The adult heart depends largely on salvage synthesis to supply its 5'-nucleotide needs. Previous work from this laboratory established that guanosine is metabolized into guanine 5'-nucleotides in heart cells, but that salvage rates are very slow as compared to adenosine. The author hypothesized that guanosine salvage is regulated according to ...
Cobb V J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible direct action of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) on adrenal cortisol secretion and to define its mechanism of action. DESIGN: The human adrenocortical carcinoma cell line NCI H295, which is not contaminated by medullary chromaffin cells, was used to aid distinction between a direct action of ...
Constantin J - - 1997
Production, uptake, and metabolic effects of cyclic AMP (cAMP) were measured in the bivascularly perfused rat liver in anterograde and retrograde perfusion. Glucagon, cAMP, N6,2'-O-dibutyryl cAMP and N6-monobutyryl cAMP were infused into the portal vein (anterograde perfusion), the hepatic vein (retrograde perfusion), or the hepatic artery (anterograde and retrograde perfusion) ...
Villone G - - 1997
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is the second messenger that stimulates growth and differentiation of thyroid cells, which are dependent upon thyrotropin for the initiation of the cell cycle. Treatment of thyroid cells with phosphodiesterase inhibitors, such as 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine (IBMX), RO-20-1724, or aminophylline, induces persistent levels of cAMP and blocks cell proliferation. ...
Weisman R - - 1997
Rapamycin is a microbial macrolide which belongs to a family of immunosuppressive drugs that suppress the immune system by blocking stages of signal transduction in T lymphocytes. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells, as in T lymphocytes, rapamycin inhibits growth and cells become arrested at the G1 stage of the cell cycle. ...
Carré D A - - 1997
Ciliary epithelial cells possess multiple purinergic receptors, and occupancy of A1 and A2 adenosine receptors is associated with opposing effects on intraocular pressure. Aqueous adenosine produced increases in short-circuit current across rabbit ciliary epithelium, blocked by removing Cl- and enhanced by aqueous Ba2+. Adenosine's actions were further studied with nonpigmented ...
Casey M L - - 1997
The levels of intracellular cAMP in human myometrial smooth muscle cells in serum-free medium, or medium that contained FBS (1%, vol/vol), were determined after treatment with the homologous peptides, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), adrenomedullin (ADM), and amylin, without or with added isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX). These cells were sensitive to CGRP, responding ...
Guo X W - - 1997
Cl- conductance and capacitance were simultaneously measured in the mucin-secreting cell line, HT29-Cl.16E (Cl.16E), and its sister cell line, HT29-Cl.19A (Cl.19A), which lacks mucin granules. Purinergic stimulation by extracellular ATP transiently increased Cl- conductance in both cell lines with similar peak increases of 0.92 and 1.00 nS/pF in Cl.16E and ...
Seki H - - 1997
We have investigated the roles of interleukin-1beta as a regulator of progesterone and chorionic gonadotrophin production from human placental cells. In primary placental cells IL-1beta increased hCG synthesis through a cyclic AMP-independent pathway, and was without effect on progesterone or cyclic AMP production. Since dibutyryl cyclic AMP increased progesterone production, ...
Kamada H - - 1997
It has been reported that the immunosuppressant mizoribine (MZR) inhibits T cell proliferation by depleting intracellular guanine nucleotides via competitive inhibition of inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) dehydrogenase in the purine metabolism pathway. This study was performed to determine if the mechanism by which MZR suppresses the proliferation of mouse B cells ...
Sharif N A - - 1997
We sought to establish and immunocytochemically characterize primary cultures of human conjunctival epithelial (HCE) cells, and to determine the types of receptors coupled to adenylate cyclase (AC) and phospholipase C (PLC) present on them which may be stimulated following allergic or inflammatory provocation of the tissue. HCE cells possessed the ...
Cassoni P - - 1997
Oxytocin (OT) inhibits the proliferation of breast-cancer cells in vitro via a specific G-coupled receptor. To elucidate the intracellular mechanism involved in this biological effect, different G-coupled receptor mediators have been investigated in untreated and OT-treated MDA-MB231 breast-carcinoma cells. In these cells, after OT treatment, a significant cAMP increase was ...
Zhong Z G - - 1997
The role of adhesion molecule L1 in synapse formation was examined by transient transfection of L1 cDNA in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid NG108-15 cells. L1 overexpression was found in approximately 50% of the transfected NG108-15 cell population. Neurite outgrowth induced by 0.25 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP (cAMP) was much greater ...
Vainio M - - 1997
Adenosine has been shown to modulate cell proliferation in FRTL-5 thyroid cells, although the mechanisms by which this interaction occurs is still unclear. In the present study we investigated the effects of adenosine on the 3H-thymidine incorporation, cell cycle kinetics, and expression of the transcription factor c-Fos in cells stimulated ...
Rahn J J - - 1997
beta-L-(-)-2',3'-Dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC) is a cytosine nucleoside analog that potently inhibits the replication of human and duck hepatitis B viruses and human immunodeficiency virus through the activity of its 5'-triphosphate ester metabolite. The present study examined the intracellular decay of 3TC 5'-phosphates and tested strategies for modulating the cellular content of ...
Zurbonsen K - - 1997
Phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors were shown to inhibit proliferation of various cell types. The present investigation was designed to study the activity of selective PDE inhibitors (8-MeoMIX, milrinone, trequinsin, rolipram, RO-201724, zaprinast, and MY-5445) on the proliferation of the Dami cell line in relation to their effects on cAMP levels and ...
Li J - - 1997
The expression and signal transduction of the glucagon receptor (GR) have been studied in betaTC3 cells. Northern blot and RT-PCR analysis indicated the expression of the GR gene in betaTC3 cells. One-5 nM glucagon stimulated a 2.5-fold increase in the IP(S) production. At glucagon concentrations higher than 5 nM, the ...
Gomez L A - - 1997
This study used the colorimetric MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide)] assay to assess cell viability in isolated quiescent adult guinea-pig ventricular myocytes exposed to different insults or cardioprotective conditions, including adenosine and hyperkalemic-cardioplegia. Optical density (OD), reflecting intracellular reduction of MTT into formazan pigment formation, was a function of the number ...
Khanum F - - 1997
Effects of photofrin II (PII) and light on the intra cellular nucleotide levels have been investigated using BHK-21 cell line. Results indicate that lower concentrations of photofrin II in dark increases ATP levels in a non linear manner, however, there has been no change in energy charge and levels of ...
Agnihotri N - - 1997
The temporal dynamics of the intracellular second messenger cyclic AMP (cAMP) were monitored in living PC12 cells by digital fluorescence ratio imaging using FlCRh, a single-excitation dual-emission cAMP indicator. When the cells were depolarized by exposure to high K+, the free cAMP concentration was elevated, and then slowly decreased back ...
Marie P J - - 1997
We studied the osteoblastic abnormalities resulting from activating mutation of the Gs alpha gene in two patients with McCune-Albright syndrome and one patient with monostotic fibrous dysplasia. Histomorphometric analysis of dysplastic lesions showed a low number of differentiated osteoblasts along the bone surface and numerous immature alkaline phosphatase-positive mesenchymal cells ...
Waters C M - - 1997
The mesothelial cells that form the visceral pleura of the lung are subjected to physical forces such as stretch due to lung expansion and fluid shear stress due to the sliding motion of the lung against the chest wall. In this study, the effect of mechanical forces on the production ...
Mazurek S - - 1997
In differentiated tissues, such as muscle and brain, increased adenosine monophosphate (AMP) levels stimulate glycolytic flux rates. In the breast cancer cell line MCF-7, which characteristically has a constantly high glycolytic flux rate, AMP induces a strong inhibition of glycolysis. The human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-453, on the other ...
Machida K - - 1997
Among various nucleoside 5'-alkylphosphates, uridine 5'-hexadecylphosphate (UMPC16) and adenosine 5'-hexadecylphosphate (AMPC16) inhibited the sexual agglutination between a and alpha haploid cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The effect of AMPC16 accompanied severe growth inhibition of the yeast cells but it was not observed with UMPC16. Sexual agglutination was not inhibited by the ...
Resta R - - 1997
CD73 (ecto-5'-nucleotidase), a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored purine salvage enzyme expressed on the surface of human T and B lymphocytes, catalyzes the conversion of purine and pyrimidine ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside monophosphates to the corresponding nucleosides. The cellular distribution, cDNA sequence, and structure of CD73 are reviewed. CD73 serves as a ...
Takemasa T - - 1997
Almost all types of cells in vivo are constantly subjected to mechanical deformation derived from muscular movement, respiration, or blood pulsation. In order to elucidate how cells and their cytoskeletal components respond to these stimuli, we developed a new device which can apply a wide range of uniaxial cyclic strain ...
Takaisi-Kikuni N B - - 1997
Biochemical and immunochemical investigations were used in order to study the quantitative and qualitative localization of CAMP factor (protein B) in the cell fractions of Streptococcus agalactiae during the logarithmic growth phase. The dynamic quantitative distribution of CAMP factor activity showed that higher concentrations of CAMP factor were found in ...
Akagi J - - 1997
Recently, we reported that low (PC-1)- and high-invasive cell lines (PC-1.0) were established on the basis of hamster pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, and PC-1.0 cells were secreting the dissociation factor in the supernatant (DF-CM) which induced cell dissociation and enhancement of cell motility. The cell motility of PC-1.0 is about 6 ...
Morimoto C - - 1997
Norepinephrine-induced lipolysis was examined in visceral (epididymal and omental) and subcutaneous (abdominal and femoral) fat cells in rats. Hormone-induced lipolysis was considerably higher in the visceral fat cells than in the subcutaneous cells. A higher hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) activity was present in the visceral than in the subcutaneous fat cells. ...
Campagnolo L - - 1997
The effects of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on cell proliferation of SK-N-MC human neuroepithelioma cell line was studied. Clonal density experiments in the presence of 100 microM rolipram and zaprinast showed respectively 27% and 91% inhibition. The effects of PDE inhibitors were then investigated on crude cell extracts; the ...
Szabados E - - 1996
Human lymphocytes lacking adenosine deaminase die and T-cell leukemias are killed by deoxycoformycin (dCf), an inhibitor of adenosine deaminase, due to impaired metabolism of dAdo. The initial metabolism of exogenous adenosine (Ado) and deoxyadenosine (dAdo) has been compared in human erythrocytes and CCRF-CEM leukemia cells and the data obtained have ...
Burns K D - - 1996
Rabbit cortical collecting duct (CCD) cells were immortalized to study angiotensin II (ANG II) signaling in the CCD. Transfected cells retained CCD properties; arginine vasopressin (AVP), prostaglandin E2, and isoproterenol (10(-7) M) all significantly stimulated adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) production; and parathyroid hormone and calcitonin had no effect on cAMP. ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >