Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1568
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Ohkubo S - - 2000
We previously demonstrated that extracellular adenine nucleotides induced cyclic AMP elevation in NG108-15 cells. This response was resistant to adenosine deaminase (ADA) and the ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) inhibitor alpha,beta-methylene ADP (alpha,beta-MeADP), but was inhibited by both P1- and P2-receptor antagonists. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between adenine nucleotide-induced ...
Balzarini J - - 2000
Cyclosaligenyl-2',3'-didehydro-2', 3'-dideoxythymidine-5'-monophosphate (cycloSal-d4TMP) is a potent and selective inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus replication in cell culture and differs from other nucleotide prodrug approaches in that it is designed to selectively deliver the nucleotide 5'-monophosphate by a controlled, chemically induced hydrolysis. Its antiviral efficacy in cell culture is at least ...
Kimata-Ariga Y - - 2000
In the C(4) plant maize (Zea mays L.), two ferredoxin isoproteins, Fd I and Fd II, are expressed specifically in mesophyll and bundle-sheath cells, respectively. cDNAs for these ferredoxins were introduced separately into the cyanobacterium Plectonema boryanum with a disrupted endogenous ferredoxin gene, yielding TM202 and KM2-9 strains expressing Fd ...
van der Weyden L - - 2000
The recently cloned P2Y11 receptor is unique amongst P2Y receptors with its coupling to the adenylyl cyclase pathway. P2Y11 has previously been shown to be expressed in human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) HL-60 and NB4 cell lines, and both cell types elevate cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels upon stimulation with extracellular ...
Kim W J - - 2000
Phospholipase D (PLD) is an enzyme involved in signal transduction and widely distributed in mammalian cells. The signal transduction pathways and role for phospholipid metabolism during hormonal response in cortical collecting duct remain partly undefined. It has been reported that dexamethasone increases transepithelial transport in M-1 cells that are derived ...
Terstappen G C - - 2000
For the identification of modulators of the metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR7, a functional cell-based high throughput screening (HTS) assay was developed. This assay utilizes the signal transduction pathway of mGluR7, which is negatively coupled to adenylyl cyclase. A cAMP-responsive luciferase reporter gene and rat mGluR7 cDNA were cotransfected into CHO-K1 ...
Ceruti S - - 2000
We recently suggested that, in muscular dystrophies, the excessive accumulation of adenosine as a result of an altered purine metabolism may contribute to progressive functional deterioration and muscle cell death. To verify this hypothesis, we have taken advantage of C2C12 myoblastic cells, which can be differentiated in vitro into multinucleated ...
Gesquière L - - 2000
We have previously reported that free radical-treated vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) lead to cholesterol accumulation in vitro. In the current study, we investigated the effects of oxidative stress on cyclic AMP concentration and cAMP-dependent enzymes involved in cholesterol homeostasis in A7r5 cells. Under our conditions of a mild oxidative ...
Slotkin, Theodore
This study explores beta-adrenoceptors on breast cancer cells as a therapeutic target. MDA-MB-23 1 human breast cancer cells express high beta2-adrenoceptor levels that are linked to inhibition of mitosis through the production of cyclic AMP. The phosphodiesterase inhibitor, theophylline, reduced cell number and altered cellular morphology. In the current year, ...
Takahashi K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although there is great deal of evidence suggesting that vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has immunomodulating effects on human colonic lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMC), it remains unclear which type of cell carries functional VIP receptors. In this study we investigated the presence of functional VIP receptors by measuring intracellular ...
Hanaoka K - - 2000
Both epithelial cell proliferation and fluid accumulation are responsible for cyst growth in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). It was previously reported that the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is expressed in cysts from ADPKD patients and suggested that cAMP-stimulated Cl(-) and fluid secretion occurs through CFTR. The ...
Fishman P - - 2000
In this study, we demonstrated several mechanisms exploring the inhibitory effect of low-dose adenosine on lymphoma cell growth. Adenosine, a purine nucleoside present in plasma and other extracellular fluids, acts as a regulatory molecule, by binding to G-protein associated cell-surface receptors, A1, A2 and A3. Recently we showed that low-dose ...
Ali N - - 2000
We investigated the effects of adrenomedullin (ADM) on cGMP production in cultured SV-40 transformed cat iris sphincter smooth muscle (SV-CISM-2) cells. ADM increased cGMP accumulation in a time- and concentration- dependent manner. The peptide increased cGMP formation in the transformed cells by 405-fold as compared to 1. 6-fold in primary ...
Zheng J - - 2000
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is secreted from bovine chromaffin cells in response to nicotinic receptor stimulation and may exhibit autocrine, paracrine or endocrine effects. Stimulation of bovine chromaffin cells with nicotine followed by the addition of forskolin (FSK) to the media results in a decrease in cyclic AMP accumulation compared to ...
Tu Braunschweig
The cyclic Chu-construction for closed bicategories, generalizing the original Chu-construction for symmetric monoidal closed categories, turns out to have a non-cyclic counterpart. Both constructions are based on so-called Chu-cells and can be generalized to chains of composable 1-cells. This leads to two hierarchies of closed bicategories for any closed bicategory ...
Faucheux N - - 2000
Our previous studies have shown that cells adhering to biomaterials in serum-free conditions increase their content of cyclic AMP (cAMP) and become aggregated. In cells on an acrylonitrile membrane (AN69), these biochemical and morphological changes are prevented by adding 10% foetal calf serum (FCS) to the medium; cells on the ...
Sala-Newby G B - - 2000
Catabolism of AMP during ATP breakdown produces adenosine, which restores energy balance. Catabolism of IMP may be a key step regulating purine nucleotide pools. Two, cloned cytosolic 5'-nucleotidases (cN-I and cN-II) have been implicated in AMP and IMP breakdown. To evaluate their roles directly, we expressed recombinant pigeon cN-I or ...
Crane J K - - 2000
The effect of butyrate on the response to guanylin and Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin, STa, was assessed in T84 cells and Caco-2 cells, cultured colon cell lines possessing the guanylyl cyclase C which is the receptor for these peptides. Butyrate treatment of these cells resulted in an apparent increase in ...
Jensen P V - - 2000
The insect fat body is generally described as a uniform tissue with multiple functions, but we have found evidence of cell differentiation in the Monomorium fat body. We show that the fat body of a mature egg-laying pharaoh's ant queen is a result of a preceding remodeling of cell material ...
Hill J - - 2000
We have previously shown that N18TG2 neuroblastoma cells express the type 6 adenylyl cyclase and that preincubation with nitric oxide (NO) attenuates Gs- and forskolin-stimulated activity. Here we show that this inhibition reflects a direct action of NO on the adenylyl cyclase. Preincubation of N18TG2 cell membranes and insect cell ...
Lelièvre V - - 2000
HT29 cells display an undifferentiated phenotype in culture. However, numerous treatments are able to induce both epithelial differentiation and cell growth inhibition. We have previously demonstrated that adenosine and its analogues act through specific adenosine receptors to modulate cell proliferation in HT29 and other human colon adenocarcinoma cell lines. Among ...
Chapman G B - - 2000
Smooth muscle cells (SMC) are the major cellular component of the blood vessel wall and are continuously exposed to cyclic stretch due to pulsatile blood flow. This study examined the effects of a physiologically relevant level of cyclic stretch on rat aortic vascular SMC proliferation. Treatment of static SMC with ...
Fleisher L N - - 2000
Interleukin-6 is a multifunctional cytokine that is found in high concentrations in intraocular fluids during the uveitic response. Although monocytic cells are a major source of interleukin-6, resident intraocular cells may also contribute to its accumulation in intraocular fluids during uveitis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ...
Kumar A - - 2000
Cyclosporin A is routinely used in transplant therapy following allogeneic or xenogeneic tissue transplantation to prevent rejection. This immunosuppressive drug is also neurotoxic; however, its mechanisms of action for neurotoxicity are poorly understood. Undifferentiated and cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-induced differentiated neuroblastoma (NB) cells were used as an experimental model to ...
Bakre M M - - 2000
Stable toxin (ST) peptides are the causative agents for a severe form of watery diarrhea. These peptides bind to a membrane-associated form of guanylyl cyclase, guanylyl cyclase C. The result is an accumulation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in the intestinal cell, regulating protein kinase activity and the phosphorylation of ...
Zong Z - - 2000
Exogenous cyclic AMP has been thought to be a chemical without marked pharmacological effect until now, as it is not capable of penetrating the cell membrane in most eucaryotic cells. The present study obtained results consistent with those of most previous studies, showing that exogenous cyclic AMP itself did not ...
Wang J H - - 2000
We studied the effect of contractility on stress fiber remodeling and orientation response of human aortic endothelial cells subjected to cyclic mechanical stretching. The cells were grown on silicone membranes subjected to 10% cyclic pure uniaxial stretching in the presence or absence of 2,3 butanedione monoxime (BDM), a proven inhibitor ...
Wirtz-Brugger F - - 2000
Apoptotic cell death has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease pathology and amyloid peptide induced neurotoxicity. We investigated the survival promoting effects of Propentofylline in two models of apoptotic cell death, nerve growth factor withdrawal and beta-amyloid mediated cell death in nerve growth factor differentiated rat pheochromocytoma cell lines. The increase ...
Songrit Maneewongvatana,David M. Mount
The kd-tree is a popular and simple data structure for range searching and nearest neighbor searching. Such a tree subdivides space into rectangular cells through the recursive application of some splitting rule. The choice of splitting rule affects the shape of cells and the structure of the resulting tree. It ...
Stashower M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat is used for direct transfer to locally replace fat, as well as for use intradermally in the treatment of rhytids in aged skin. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the components of the autologous fat could be separated to produce a better agent for the treatment of rhytids. METHODS: ...
Waters C M - - 1999
The airway epithelium may be damaged by inhalation of noxious agents, in response to pathogens, or during endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. Maintenance of an intact epithelium is important for lung fluid balance, and the loss of epithelium may stimulate inflammatory responses. Epithelial repair in the airways following injury must ...
Bodine P V - - 1999
Osteocalcin (OC) is an abundant noncollagenous bone matrix protein, yet its function is largely unknown. However, targeted ablation of two OC genes in mice lead to increased bone formation (Ducy et al. Nature 382:448-452; 1996). This implied that OC inhibits osteoblast activity, and that these cells express an OC receptor. ...
Fujieda M - - 1999
The effects of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) on the parameters for proliferation and differentiation were studied in calvarial osteoblast-like cells isolated from rats of various ages. In cells not treated with PGE(2), it was found that mineralized bone nodule (BN) formation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and the incorporation rate of [(3)H]thymidine ...
Kumar A - - 1999
Beta-Amyloid (Abeta), a 39-43 residue peptide generated by splicing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), is one of the major components of senile plaques which are the hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD); and therefore, a role of Abeta in neuronal degeneration has been proposed. The factors which regulate the levels ...
Toki S - - 1999
Results from previous studies suggested that chronic treatment of rats or C6 glioma cells with antidepressants augments the coupling between Gs and adenylyl cyclase. As these effects on C6 glioma cells are seen in the absence of presynaptic input, several antidepressant drugs may have a direct "postsynaptic" effect on their ...
Stamer W D - - 1999
PURPOSE: Fluid flow across various endothelia results in a variety of intracellular and extracellular adaptations. In the living eye, aqueous humor flows across the surface of endothelial cells on trabecular meshwork (TM) beams and in the juxtacanalicular tissue and through or between a continuous monolayer of endothelial cells that line ...
Medentsev A G - - 1999
Changes in respiratory activity and in the contents of adenine nucleotides (ATP, ADP, AMP) were studied in cells of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica during the development of cyanide-resistant respiration. The transition of the yeast from the logarithmic to the stationary growth phase due to exhaustion of glucose was associated with ...
Hatse S - - 1999
N6-Cyclopropyl-PMEDAP (cPr-PMEDAP) is a novel derivative of the acyclic nucleoside phosphonate 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)-2,6-diaminopurine (PMEDAP). Its cytostatic activity was found to be 8- to 20-fold more pronounced than that of PMEDAP and equivalent to that of the guanine derivative 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)guanine (PMEG) against a variety of tumor cell lines. Unlike PMEDAP, but like ...
Zhou L - - 1999
PURPOSE: To characterize cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isozyme activities in human trabecular meshwork cells and primary cultures of porcine trabecular meshwork cells. METHODS: Radioimmunoassay of acetylated acid extracts was used to determine changes in cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic quanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in human trabecular meshwork cells treated with phosphodiesterase ...
Kocsis J F - - 1999
Previous work with mammalian and frog adrenocortical tissue and cells indicates that prostaglandins (PGs) can directly stimulate corticosteroidogenesis. However, work with avian adrenal preparations is absent. Therefore, the present studies with isolated chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) and turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) adrenal steroidogenic cells were conducted to determine whether PGs can ...
Aouani A - - 1999
The polar planar compound hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) is an inducer of terminal differentiation which has been extensively studied in the murine erythroleukemia cells (MELC). We have tested this compound in normal porcine thyroid cells in primary culture where it either activates or inhibits the major tissue specific functions of these ...
Makino Y - - 1999
Sodium-L-ascorbate, L-ascorbic acid, D-isoascorbic acid, sodium 5,6-benzylidene-L-ascorbate and sodium-6-beta-O-galactosyl-L-ascorbate, which produce ascorbyl radicals during the oxidative degradation, also induced cytotoxicity against cultured human renal carcinoma (TC-1) and glioblastoma multiform tumor (T98G) cell lines. On the other hand, L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate magnesium and L-ascorbic acid 2-sulfate dipotassium salt, which do not ...
Saltarelli D - - 1999
In granulosa cells, the luteinising hormone (LH) and the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptors are coupled to the adenylyl cyclase-cAMP pathway. We identified at least eight different G proteins belonging to three families--Gs, Gq, and Gi/o--in primary human granulosa-lutein cells. By exploring the function of Gi/o by time-lapse and digital-imaging microscopy ...
Goto T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) level changes are thought to play an important role in inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing differentiation in several types of cells. It has been reported that cyclic AMP analogs induce terminal differentiation in human prostate cancer cells. Consequently, phosphodiesterase inhibitors may be useful in ...
Komarova S V - - 1999
In suspensions of washed human erythrocytes, adenosine added in a single dose to concentrations of 0.1-10.0 mmol/l suspension was deaminated at rates ranging from 10 to 50 mmol/l cells h. The sum of adenosine, inosine, and hypoxanthine concentrations in the suspension, as well as the intracellular concentration of ATP, remained ...
Grasso Y Z - - 1999
The stable transfectants of wild-type (W25) and mutant thyrotropin-receptor (TSH-R) allow detection of the bioactivities of TSH-R antibodies in Graves' patients. A mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line (Mc1+2) transfected with a chimeric construct, where residues 8 to 165 of the TSH-R are replaced with residues 10 to 166 ...
Parsley S - - 1999
The alpha2-adrenoceptor mediating inhibition of forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells was further characterized. The alpha2-adrenoceptor agonists, UK 14,304 (5-bromo-6-(2-imidazolin-2-ylamino)quinoxaline), oxymetazoline, guanfacine, (-)-noradrenaline and clonidine concentration-dependently decreased cyclic AMP accumulation in this cell line (Emax ca. 50% inhibition). Agonist pEC50 values ranged between 6.7 and 7.8. Clonidine ...
Liu J G - - 1999
AIM: To study the mechanism underlying the difference in physical dependence potential of morphine (Mor), methadone (Met), buprenorphine (Bup), etorphine (Eto), and dihydroetorphine (DHE). METHODS: Adenylate cyclase of NG108-15 cells were used for studying the effects of different opiates on cAMP second messenger system. RESULTS: Bup, DHE, and Eto were ...
Deleu S - - 1999
The regular doubling of cell mass, and therefore of cell protein content, is required for repetitive cell divisions. Preliminary observations have shown that in dog thyrocytes insulin induces protein accumulation but not DNA synthesis, while TSH does not increase protein accumulation but triggers DNA synthesis in the presence of insulin. ...
Drissi H - - 1999
Although calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) may act as a local factor in bone, its mechanisms of action on osteoblasts are not well understood. We previously showed the presence of CGRP transcripts and peptide in human OHS-4 osteoblastic cells. The authors investigated the expression of CGRP receptor (CGRP-R) and its intracellular ...
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