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Rieck Bernd B Clinic of Plastic Surgery and hand Surgery, Städtisches Krankenhaus Hildesheim, Germany. - - 2003
Up until now, research on fat cells has been unable to prove their survival rate objectively in vivo. In this article, the first application of the cell surface marker PKH26 in the fat cells of rats is reported. In a study of 48 Lewis rats, this method enabled the objective ...
Deng Yong - - 2003
The expression and activity of type-1 NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (NDH-1) was compared between cells of Synechocystis PCC6803 grown in high (H-cells) and low (L-cells) CO(2) conditions. Western analysis indicated that L-cells contain higher amounts of the NDH-1 subunits, NdhH, NdhI and NdhK. An NADPH-specific subcomplex of NDH-1 showed higher NADPH-nitroblue tetrazolium ...
Apone Fabio - - 2003
Cell type-specific protein signals, called pheromones, are constitutively secreted by Euplotes raikovi and bound back in autocrine fashion, with a positive effect on the vegetative (mitotic) cell growth. In cells growing suspended with their secreted pheromone, it was found that any interruption of this autocrine signaling loop was immediately followed ...
Scott Glynis - - 2003
A hallmark of melanocytic cells is their ability to form dendrites in response to growth factors and to ultraviolet irradiation. It is known that the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) second messenger pathway stimulates melanocyte dendrite formation because agents that increase cAMP such as forskolin and dibutyrl cAMP induce dendrite formation ...
Nikodemova Maria - - 2003
The regulation of CRH promoter activity by cAMP was studied in two cell lines, the pituitary corticotroph cell line AtT-20 and the immortalized hypothalamic cell line 4B, which expresses CRH and vasopressin. In 4B cells transfected with a CRH promoter-luciferase construct, the adenylyl cyclase stimulator, forskolin, increased luciferase activity in ...
Webb Jerry G - - 2003
Kinins and prostaglandins activate signalling pathways in cells of the trabecular meshwork and have opposing effects on outflow resistance to aqueous humor. Consequently, interactions between these pathways may be important in the regulation of intraocular pressure. In the present study, the influence of bradykinin on PGE(2) signalling was examined in ...
Chiu Hui Fen - - 2003
Bullatacin, a potential antitumor Annonaceous acetogenin (AA), is isolated from the seed of the Formosa Annona atemoya. We reported previously that bullatacin inhibits the secretion of hepatitis B surface antigen from 2.2.15 cells (human hepatoma HepG2 cells transfected with hepatitis B virus DNA plasmid). In the present study, we determined ...
Dupertuis Y M - - 2003
Administration of nucleotide mixtures has been shown to restore and sustain the proliferation of leukocytes and enterocytes. Since it has been suggested that cancer cells use exogenous nucleotides more efficiently than normal cells, we hypothesized that administration of nucleotide mixtures would also stimulate the proliferation of cancer cells, thereby increasing ...
Yang Mildred S - - 2003
Elevated tissue levels of zinc (Zn) have been associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as global ischemia, seizure, and Alzheimer's. The mechanism of action of Zn in causing neuronal injury is not clear. One of the possible mechanisms is the ability of Zn to alter cellular energy metabolism. Using the C6 ...
Yang M S - - 2003
The energy charge potential (ECP) is the ratio among adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), -diphosphate (ADP), and -monophosphate (AMP); it reflects the high-energy-bond content in biological systems. Under normal physiological conditions, the value of ECP is between 0.7 and 1.0. In this study, two different methods were used to extract adenosine nucleotides ...
Chotard-Ghodsnia R - - 2003
Biomaterials used in some biomedical devices are exposed to flow of physiological fluids. The flow-induced forces may influence the morphological and the biochemical responses of adhering cells. The objective of this work is to examine the capacity of a mechanical stress to cause changes in cell/substratum and cell/cell interactions via ...
Howitt Stephen G - - 2003
1. The role of individual residues in the 8-18 helix of CGRP(8-37) in promoting high-affinity binding to CGRP(1) receptors expressed on rat L6 and human SK-N-MC cells has been examined. The relative potencies of various derivatives were estimated from their ability to inhibit the human alphaCGRP-mediated increase in cyclic AMP ...
Zippin Jonathan H - - 2003
Intracellular targets of the ubiquitous second messenger cAMP are located at great distances from the most widely studied source of cAMP, the G protein responsive transmembrane adenylyl cyclases. We previously identified an alternative source of cAMP in mammalian cells lacking transmembrane spanning domains, the "soluble" adenylyl cyclase (sAC). We now ...
Winter L Chad - - 2002
The objective of this study was to develop a unique device for applying well-characterized cyclic, strain to cells growing on implant alloys. The device is based on the four-point bending principle and utilizes an electric motor, belt, and cam system to cyclically deflect a commercially pure titanium plate with cell ...
Merighi Stefania - - 2002
Adenosine displays contradictory effects on cell growth: it improves cell proliferation, but it may also induce apoptosis and impair cell survival. Following the pharmacologic characterization of adenosine receptor expression on the human melanoma cell line A375, we chose A375 as our cellular model to define how the extracellular adenosine signals ...
Zosmer A - - 2002
Previous investigations have implicated epoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid in the control of steroidogenesis in luteinised granulosa cells. The aim of this study was to assess this hypothesis further. We first determined the responsiveness of the cells in vitro to three different stimuli, namely luteinising hormone (LH), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and ...
Ivanova Krassimira - - 2002
Guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) is a major second messenger molecule, that is believed to play a role in various physiological and pathophysiological processes. Here we report that hypergravity induces differential effects on cyclic GMP turnover in melanocytic cells. Nonmetastatic melanoma cells responded to long-time exposure (24 h) of hypergravity ...
Crane John K - - 2002
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) causes severe, watery diarrhea in children. We investigated ATP release during EPEC-mediated killing of human cell lines and whether released adenine nucleotides function as secretory mediators. EPEC triggered a release of ATP from all human cell lines tested: HeLa, COS-7, and T84 (colon cells) as measured ...
Dremier S - - 2002
Cyclic AMP has been shown to inhibit cell proliferation in many cell types and to activate it in some. The latter has been recognized only lately, thanks in large part to studies on the regulation of thyroid cell proliferation in dog thyroid cells. The steps that led to this conclusion ...
Van Cruchten S - - 2002
In this study the endometrial morphology of four dogs in oestrus and 10 dogs in late metoestrus was investigated with scanning electron microscopy. In early oestrus the cells were slightly convex with fairly long microvilli and cell boundaries that were apparent but situated on a deeper level than the cell ...
Crider Julie Y - - 2002
Non-pigmented ciliary epithelial (NPE) and trabecular meshwork (TM) cells are important in maintaining normal aqueous humor dynamics through the inflow and outflow routes, respectively. The current studies were undertaken to evaluate the ability of several beta-adrenergic receptor agonists to stimulate various antagonists to inhibit cAMP production in cultured immortalized human ...
Murakami-Murofushi Kimiko - - 2002
A novel bioactive lipid, cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA), was isolated originally from myxoamoebae of a true slime mold, Physarum polycephalum, and has now been detected in a wide range of organisms from slime molds to humans. It has a cyclic phosphate at the sn-2 and sn-3 positions of the glycerol ...
Mundroff Michelle L - - 2002
Amperometry and cyclic voltammetry are two electrochemical techniques that enable the detection of electroactive neurotransmitters that are released from single cells. These techniques have provided the first chemical view of the events that occur during exocytosis. This unit describes the isolation of several cell types known for their exocytotic properties, ...
Fujita Takashi - - 2002
cAMP signaling, activated by extracellular stimuli such as parathyroid hormone, has cell type-specific effects important for cellular proliferation and differentiation in bone cells. Recent evidence of a second enzyme target for cAMP suggests divergent effects on extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) activity depending on Epac/Rap1/B-Raf signaling. We investigated the molecular mechanism of ...
Satoh Akira - - 2002
Regulation of energy balance in photosystems in response to extremely-high-CO2 (40%) and low-CO2 (0.04%) stress was studied in extremely-high-CO2-tolerant green microalgae, Chlorococcum littorale and Chlorella sp. UK001. To investigate the energy input process, we assessed an F714/F685-ratio in a 77K fluorescence emission spectrum induced by 440-nm excitation in intact cells, ...
Manfredi Giovanni - - 2002
Levels of phosphorylated adenosine nucleotides, including the universal energy carrier adenosine 5(')-triphosphate (ATP) and its metabolites adenosine 5(')-diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine 5(')-monophosphate (AMP), define the energy state in living cells and are dependent mainly on mitochondrial function. In this article, we describe a method based on the luciferase-luciferin system used ...
Sakwe Amos M - - 2002
Preproparathyroid hormone (prepro-PTH) is one of the proteins abundantly synthesized by parathyroid chief cells; yet under normal growth conditions, little or no prepro-PTH can be detected in these cells. Although this may be attributed to effective cotranslational translocation and proteolytic processing, proteasome-mediated degradation of PTH precursors may be important in ...
Tsai Yan-Jyu - - 2002
The effects of saikosaponins (a, b(1), b(2), c, d), isolated from Bupleurum Radix, on the induction of differentiation in rat C6 glioma cells were studied. Saikosaponins a and d were shown to inhibit cell proliferation and alter cell morphology. In addition to cytostasis, the enzymatic activities of glutamine synthetase (GS) ...
Miller J M - - 2002
The insect fat body is a dynamic tissue involved in maintaining homeostasis. It functions not only in energy storage and intermediary metabolism but also in detoxification, communication and the immune response. Some of these functions are confined to distinct groups of fat body cells. In Drosophila melanogaster, discrete precursor-cell clusters ...
Zhang Bo - - 2002
We investigated the effects of inhibitors of cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase type IV (PDE IV) on cultured rat microglial cells. Microglial cells expressed mRNA encoding PDE IV. Rolipram and RO-20-1724, specific inhibitors of PDE IV, elevated the intracellular cAMP level much higher than the other types of PDE inhibitors. cAMP in astrocytes ...
Sitaramayya Ari - - 2002
Soluble guanylate cyclase catalyzes the formation of cyclic GMP using GTP as substrate. It is now well established that soluble guanylate cyclase is highly activated by nitric oxide, and that many of the effects of nitric oxide on various cells and tissues are mediated through increased production of cyclic GMP. ...
Faucheux N - - 2002
We have previously shown that the adenylyl cyclase, which produces cyclic AMP (cAMP) in Swiss 3T3 cells, is activated by their attachment to a cellulose substratum (Cuprophan, CU). This substratum adsorbs vitronectin poorly, prevents cell spreading and causes them to aggregate. By contrast, cells spread out on polystyrene and contain ...
Kumar Akhilesh - - 2002
Amoebae of the cellular slime mould Dictyostelium discoideum showed stimulated mitogenic activity when exposed to 200 microM isoproterenol, an activator of adenyl cyclase, for 30 min. Approximately 40% increase in cell proliferation was found at 48 h after isoproterenol treatment. A faster and larger plaque formation as well as higher ...
Morton David B. - - 2002
Eclosion hormone (EH) is a 62 amino acid neuropeptide that plays an integral role in triggering ecdysis behavior at the end of each molt. At least three populations of cells are thought to be targets for EH, each of which show an EH-stimulated increase in the intracellular messenger guanosine 3', ...
Grbovic Olivera - - 2002
8-Chloro-cyclic-adenosine-3',5'-monophosphate (8-Cl-cAMP), a site-selective synthetic cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) analog exhibits growth inhibition in a broad spectrum of human cancer lines. However, detailed studies on the effects exerted by cAMP analogs on cell-cycle kinetics have been lacking. We have examined and compared the effect of 8-Cl-cAMP on cell-cycle kinetics in ...
Xu Z - - 2001
AMP 579, an adenosine A(1)/A(2) receptor agonist, has a strong anti-infarct effect when administered just before reperfusion. Because oxidative stress has been proposed to contribute to myocardial reperfusion injury, we tested whether AMP 579 can reduce the production of reactive oxidant species (ROS) during reoxygenation in cultured chick embryonic cardiomyocytes. ...
Reeves Philip G. - - 2001
The Caco-2 cell model was used to study the efficiency of absorption and endogenous excretion of zinc (Zn) regulated by dietary Zn concentration. Cells were seeded onto high pore-density membranes and maintained in medium supplemented with 10% FBS. After confluence, cells were treated with 5 or 25 &mgr;mol Zn/L for ...
Sharma A - - 2001
The effects of a vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) receptor antagonist (VIPhyb) on human glioblastoma cells were characterized. Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (125I-PACAP-27) bound with high affinity to U87, U118, and U373 cells. Specific 125I-PACAP-27 binding to U87 cells was inhibited, with high affinity, by PACAP but not VIP or ...
Shozu M - - 2001
Fetal human osteoblast-like cells and the THP-1 cell line that differentiates into macrophage/osteoblast-like cells in the presence of Vitamin D3 and which possesses high aromatase activity, constitute a useful model with which to study the regulation of aromatase in bone. We showed that dexamethasone (DEX)-induced aromatase activity in the THP-1 ...
Bradley K K - - 2001
We examined the effects of purines and the pyrimidine UTP on cellular proliferation in the human astrocytoma cell line 1321N1. Treatment of cultured cells with 100 microM ATP or 2-chloroadenosine (2-CA) resulted in significant reductions in cell numbers after 2 days, whereas adenosine (ADO) exhibited a slower time course of ...
Waters C M - - 2001
There is presently significant interest in cellular responses to physical forces, and numerous devices have been developed to apply stretch to cultured cells. Many of the early devices were limited by the heterogeneity of deformation of cells in different locations and by the high degree of anisotropy at a particular ...
Lee J J - - 2001
Cells of Gordonia nitida LE31 grown on 3-methylpyridine degraded 3-ethylpyridine without a lag time and vice versa. Cyclic intermediates were not detected, but formic acid was identified as a metabolite. Degradation of levulinic acid was induced in cells grown on 3-methylpyridine and 3-ethylpyridine. Levulinic aldehyde dehydrogenase and formamidase activities were ...
Kanda N - - 2001
We studied the activities of 3',5'-adenosine-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)- synthesizing adenylate cyclase (AC) and cAMP-hydrolyzing cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) in phytohemagglutinin (PHA)- or anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28-stimulated human T cells, and examined their roles in interleukin-13 (IL-13) production. The AC inhibitor MDL 12,330A [cis-N-(2-phenylcyclopentyl)azacyclotridec-1-en-2-amine hydrochloride] completely blocked PHA- or anti-CD3/CD28-induced IL-13 production. ...
Dervieux T - - 2001
Thioguanine and mercaptopurine are prodrugs requiring conversion into thiopurine nucleotides to exert cytotoxicity. Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT), an enzyme subject to genetic polymorphism, catabolizes thiopurines into inactive methylated bases, but also produces methylthioguanine nucleotides and methylmercaptopurine nucleotides from thioguanine and mercaptopurine nucleotides, respectively. To study the effect of TPMT on activation ...
Weinman E J - - 2001
Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF), an essential protein cofactor in cAMP-mediated inhibition of Na(+)/H(+) exchange transporter 3 (NHE3), facilitates the formation of a signal complex of proteins that includes NHE3, NHERF, and ezrin. This model for NHE3 regulation was developed in fibroblasts and its applicability to epithelial cells remains to ...
Sutters M - - 2001
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is characterized by the abnormal proliferation of tubular epithelial cells. It was recently shown that the growth of PKD cyst-lining cells is stimulated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), whereas the growth of normal human kidney cortex cells is inhibited. We have examined the effects of overexpressing ...
Wiemelt A P - - 2001
Although 3',5'-cyclic AMP (cAMP) is known to regulate oligodendrocyte development in vitro, little is known about the identity of agonists that induce cAMP synthesis in oligodendroglia. To identify such agonists, we used a novel immunohistochemical method of visualizing cAMP within single cells to screen compounds that are known to activate ...
Kim S N - - 2001
8-Cl-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (8-Cl-cAMP) has been known to induce growth inhibition and differentiation in a variety of cancer cells by differential modulation of protein kinase A isozymes. To understand the anticancer activity of 8-Cl-cAMP further, we investigated the effect of 8-Cl-cAMP on apoptosis in human cancer cells. Most of the ...
Edwards M E - - 2001
Shear stress and strain lead to neurodegeneration in vivo during head injury, glaucoma, and certain repetitive motion disorders. In vitro, shear stress and strain have been shown to lead to cell injury in a number of models using neurons and neuron-like cells. In the present study we examined the relationship ...
Rekasi Z - - 2001
We evaluated the effects of GHRH antagonists on the proliferation of MiaPaCa-2 human pancreatic cancer cells and cAMP signaling in vitro. GHRH antagonists inhibited the proliferation of MiaPaCa-2 cells in vitro in a dose-dependent way and caused a significant elevation in cAMP production. In a superfusion system, short-term exposure of ...
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