Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1571
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Wolfe Alan J - - 2005
To succeed, many cells must alternate between life-styles that permit rapid growth in the presence of abundant nutrients and ones that enhance survival in the absence of those nutrients. One such change in life-style, the "acetate switch," occurs as cells deplete their environment of acetate-producing carbon sources and begin to ...
Budnik Lygia T - - 2005
Incubation of ovarian luteal cells with the bioactive lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) for 180 min abolishes gonadotropin-induced steroid production with no attenuation of the cyclic AMP accumulation. Treatment with the lysolipid also diminishes [14C]steroid production in cells preloaded with either [14C]cholesterol or [14C]acetate. Neither the expression of steroidogenic acute ...
Sun Wan-Chun - - 2005
AIM: To study the modulating effect of adenosine deaminase (ADA) on the adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) in HEK293 cells stably expressing the human A1R. METHODS: cDNA was amplified by RT-PCR using total RNA from human embryo brain tissue as the template. The PCR products were subcloned into the plasmid pcDNA3 ...
Arner Peter - - 2005
Testosterone is a potent regulator of lipolysis by influencing catecholamine signal transduction in fat cells. Major species differences exist as regards the testosterone effect. In rodents testosterone increases beta-adrenergic receptor mediated signals to lipolysis at multiple steps in the lipolytic cascade. The sex hormone also increases alpha2-adrenoceptor antilipolytic signalling in ...
Li Yunshan - - 2005
The hemolysin of Vibrio mimicus(VMH) is a pore-forming toxin with both enterotoxic and hemolytic activity. The hemolysis by VMH is induced by creation of pores in the membrane of erythrocyte; however, the mechanism for the enterotoxic action of VMH has remained unclear. In order to clarify the mechanism, we incubated ...
Mongillo Marco - - 2005
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) controls the physiological response to many diverse extracellular stimuli. To maintain signal specificity, cAMP-mediated signaling is finely tuned by means of a complex array of proteins that control the spatial and temporal dynamics of the second messenger within the cell. To unravel the way a cell ...
Ahlström Mikael - - 2005
The regulation of the secondary messengers, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), is crucial in the hormonal regulation of bone metabolism. Both cAMP and cGMP are inactivated by cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs), a superfamily of enzymes divided into 11 families (PDE1-11). We compared the PDEs of cultured ...
Chang Ling-Wen - - 2005
The corpora allata synthesize and release juvenile hormone (JH) that in turn regulates insect growth, metamorphosis and reproduction. In the corpus allatum (CA) of the female adult cockroach Diploptera punctata, cyclic rise and decline in JH synthesis rates occur concurrently with cyclic growth and atrophy during an ovarian cycle. Here, ...
Chen Z Z Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory, National Laboratory for Molecular and Bimolecular Electronics, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, P.R. - - 2005
Here, a filter with series of pools and dams structures was designed and fabricated, utilizing size difference between tumor and blood cells. The cell mixtures were successfully filtrated out by the filter, and separation efficiency was up to 99.9%. To evaluate the filter, physical models were made to describe the ...
Korićanac Lela B - - 2004
Novel antineoplastic agents, 8-chloroadenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (8-Cl-cAMP) and tiazofurin (TR), have been shown to be effective against different malignant cells. Through specific mechanisms of action they modulate the cellular signal transduction pathway, thereby causing growth inhibition, cell differentiation, and apoptosis. The aim of this work was the in vitro study of ...
Zivadinovic Dragoslava - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: 17beta-estradiol (E2) can rapidly induce cAMP production, but the conditions under which these cAMP levels are best measured and the signaling pathways responsible for the consequent proliferative effects on breast cancer cells are not fully understood. To help resolve these issues, we compared cAMP mechanistic responses in MCF-7 cell ...
Trbovich Alexander M - - 2004
In addition to causing Müllerian duct regression in fetal males, Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS) inhibits the expression of the bifunctional cytochrome P450, C17 hydroxylase/C(17-20) lyase (Cyp17), the enzyme that catalyzes the committed step in sex steroid synthesis. To investigate the paracrine effects of MIS on steroidogenic activity, we have performed ...
Belibi Franck A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Progressive cyst enlargement, the hallmark of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and autosomal-recessive (ARPKD) polycystic kidney disease, precedes the eventual decline of function in these conditions. The expansion of individual cysts in ADPKD is determined to a major extent by mural epithelial cell proliferation and transepithelial fluid secretion. This ...
Johansson C Christian - - 2004
We examined the cAMP-mediated regulation of the epidermal growth factor-like growth factor amphiregulin (AR) in T cells and observed a strong cAMP-induced up-regulation of AR mRNA in a time- and concentration-dependent manner independent of T cell activation. This regulation may be mediated in part through activation of a cAMP-responsive element ...
Li Esther W Y - - 2004
The immunomodulatory effect of GMP and its derivates on the cell proliferative response of human macrophagelike cell, U937, and its effect on phagocytic activities via incorporation of fluorescence beads were studied. GMP was found to be a potent immunoenhancer at low concentrations, significantly enhancing the proliferation and phagocytic activities of ...
Kotoulas Othon B - - 2004
Glycogen autophagy, which includes the sequestration and degradation of cell glycogen in the autophagic vacuoles, is a selective process under conditions of demand for the massive hepatic production of glucose, as in the postnatal period. It represents a link between autophagy and glycogen metabolism. The formation of autophagic vacuoles in ...
Reichelt Wenche H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We have proposed that the mitosis inhibiting peptide, pyroGlu-His-Gly (pEHG), a colon-specific negative feedback regulator of cell proliferation, works through a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), as do many other pyroglutamyl-peptides. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-tumorigenic YAMC (colon mucosa of Immorto mice), IMCE (Immorto-Min mouse hybrid) and human hepatoma (HepG2) cell ...
Paul Ralf - - 2004
Pole development is coordinated with the Caulobacter crescentus cell cycle by two-component signaling proteins. We show that an unusual response regulator, PleD, is required for polar differentiation and is sequestered to the cell pole only when it is activated by phosphorylation. Dynamic localization of PleD to the cell pole provides ...
Lee Ying-Hue - - 2004
Adipogenesis of preadipocytes in culture has been frequently used to study the molecular basis and effect of drugs on fat cell conversion. However, after adipogenic induction, cells respond to the inducing agent with various speeds of conversion and fat accumulation, which complicates direct molecular and biochemical analyses. Here we present ...
Tsai J A - - 2004
Extra-thyroidal thyrotropin (TSH) receptors (TSHRs) have been demonstrated in several tissues and cells, including human and rat osteosarcoma cell lines. We have explored whether human TSHR (hTSHRs) also are present in primary cultures of human osteoblast-like (hOB) cells. [(125) I]TSH binding was limited in hOB cells, but somewhat higher in ...
Korkmaz Yüksel - - 2004
The epithelial rests of Malassez (ERM) are derived from the disintegrating epithelial root sheath of Hertwig that guides root formation during tooth development. Low concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) produced by NO-synthase I (NOS I) and NOS III activate intracellular soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) to produce intracellular cyclic guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate ...
Zhao Q - - 2004
The second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. In the present work, we evaluated the cAMP signaling in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells in the context of differentiation induced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). There was a marked increase in the ...
Jacques-Silva Maria C - - 2004
Extracellular nucleotides and nucleosides induce proliferation in a set of human glioma cell lines. In this study we investigate the signal transduction pathways involved in ATP and adenosine-mediated proliferation in U138-MG human glioma cells. Cell proliferation was accessed through [(3)H]thymidine incorporation, cell counting and flow cytometry. Protein phosphorylation was detected ...
Khan Islam U - - 2004
Abnormal T-cell effector functions in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are present and may be associated with disease immunopathogenesis. Our work has led to the characterization of a signaling defect, involving protein kinase A (PKA), leading to abnormal T-cell effector functions in SLE. PKA is a component of the adenylyl cyclase/cyclic ...
Winter L C - - 2003
The objective of this study was to quantify and compare stretch-mediated responses of primary rat osteoblast-like cells to uniform cyclic strain applied intermittently or continuously. Primary rat osteoblast-like cells were seeded and cultured in silicone rubber dishes for 2 days. They were then subjected to 1000 microstrains at 1 Hz ...
Adamec T - - 2003
The gene for mouse polyomavirus large tumor (LT) antigen, a potent oncoprotein, was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae from the inducible GAL1 promoter. Substantial cell growth inhibition as well as colony and cell morphology changes dependent on cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) were observed. In contrast to cell and colony morphology alterations, ...
Prasad K N - - 2003
The mechanisms of carcinogenesis in nervous tissues are not well understood. It is now established that adenosine 3,',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-pathway plays a crucial role in initiating differentiation in transformed and embryonic cells of neuronal and glial origin. Therefore, we propose that defects in the cAMP-pathway may initiate the first phase ...
Okamoto Hiroshi - - 2003
Poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase/polymerase (PARP) activation causes NAD+ depletion in pancreatic beta-cells, which results in necrotic cell death. On the other hand, ADP-ribosyl cyclase/cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase (CD38) synthesizes cyclic ADP-ribose from NAD+, which acts as a second messenger, mobilizing intracellular Ca2+ for insulin secretion in response to glucose in beta-cells. PARP also ...
Hasegawa Go - - 2003
We have found that a 12-lipoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid, 12(S)-hydroxy-5Z,8Z,10E,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE), induces cAMP production in human normal fibroblast TIG-1 cells. This phenomenon was not observed in other cells tested including human embryonic kidney HEK293 cells. We have speculated that this specific response might be influenced by the kinds ...
Masaki Eiji - - 2003
To examine effects of volatile anesthetics (VAs) on steroidogenesis, cell suspensions of isolated bovine adrenocortical cells were incubated with several steroidogenic agents in the presence or absence of halothane and sevoflurane. The adrenocortical cells were dispersed by trypsin digestion of bovine adrenal cortex. The cortisol level was measured fluorometrically. VAs ...
Morrone Fernanda B - - 2003
Extracellular purines (adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine) and pyrimidines (uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP) and UDP) are important signaling molecules that mediate diverse biological effects via P1 and P2 purinergic receptors. The human glioma cell lines U87 MG, U251 MG and U138 MG were treated with purines and pyrimidines ...
Buckley K A - - 2003
Nucleotides, acting as agonists at P2 receptors, are important extracellular signaling molecules in many tissues. In bone they affect both bone-forming osteoblast and bone-resorbing osteoclast cell activity. The presence of nucleotides in the extracellular microenvironment is largely determined by their release from cells and metabolism by ecto-enzymes, both of which ...
Zheng Wenchao W Department of Pharmacology, Medical Science Center, University of Wisconsin, 1300, University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2003
CYP1B1 is unique among P450 cytochromes in exhibiting inductive responses mediated by both the Ah receptor (AhR) and cAMP. cAMP induction was mediated either by a 189bp far upstream enhancer region (FUER, -5110 to -5298) or by a 230bp AhR-responsive enhancer region (AhER) (-797 to -1026). CYP1B1 luciferase reporters respond ...
Song Yao - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the characterization of cAMP response mediated by alpha1-adrenoceptor (alpha1-AR) subtypes in HEK293 cells. METHODS: (1) Full-length cDNA encoding three alpha1-AR subtypes were transfected into HEK293 cells by the calcium phosphate precipitation method, respectively. (2) The densities of alpha1-AR subtypes expressed in HEK293 cells were measured by radioligand ...
Rieck Bernd - - 2003
Up until now, research on fat cells has been unable to prove their survival rate objectively in vivo. In this article, the first application of the cell surface marker PKH26 in the fat cells of rats is reported. In a study of 48 Lewis rats, this method enabled the objective ...
Kaulich Marko - - 2003
1. The metabolism of extracellular nucleotides in NG108-15 cells, a neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cell line, was studied by means of capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC). 2. In NG108-15 cells ATP, ADP, AMP, UTP, UDP, and UMP were hydrolyzed to the nucleosides adenosine and uridine ...
Deng Yong - - 2003
The expression and activity of type-1 NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (NDH-1) was compared between cells of Synechocystis PCC6803 grown in high (H-cells) and low (L-cells) CO(2) conditions. Western analysis indicated that L-cells contain higher amounts of the NDH-1 subunits, NdhH, NdhI and NdhK. An NADPH-specific subcomplex of NDH-1 showed higher NADPH-nitroblue tetrazolium ...
Apone Fabio - - 2003
Cell type-specific protein signals, called pheromones, are constitutively secreted by Euplotes raikovi and bound back in autocrine fashion, with a positive effect on the vegetative (mitotic) cell growth. In cells growing suspended with their secreted pheromone, it was found that any interruption of this autocrine signaling loop was immediately followed ...
Scott Glynis - - 2003
A hallmark of melanocytic cells is their ability to form dendrites in response to growth factors and to ultraviolet irradiation. It is known that the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) second messenger pathway stimulates melanocyte dendrite formation because agents that increase cAMP such as forskolin and dibutyrl cAMP induce dendrite formation ...
Nikodemova Maria - - 2003
The regulation of CRH promoter activity by cAMP was studied in two cell lines, the pituitary corticotroph cell line AtT-20 and the immortalized hypothalamic cell line 4B, which expresses CRH and vasopressin. In 4B cells transfected with a CRH promoter-luciferase construct, the adenylyl cyclase stimulator, forskolin, increased luciferase activity in ...
Webb Jerry G - - 2003
Kinins and prostaglandins activate signalling pathways in cells of the trabecular meshwork and have opposing effects on outflow resistance to aqueous humor. Consequently, interactions between these pathways may be important in the regulation of intraocular pressure. In the present study, the influence of bradykinin on PGE(2) signalling was examined in ...
Chiu Hui Fen - - 2003
Bullatacin, a potential antitumor Annonaceous acetogenin (AA), is isolated from the seed of the Formosa Annona atemoya. We reported previously that bullatacin inhibits the secretion of hepatitis B surface antigen from 2.2.15 cells (human hepatoma HepG2 cells transfected with hepatitis B virus DNA plasmid). In the present study, we determined ...
Dupertuis Y M - - 2003
Administration of nucleotide mixtures has been shown to restore and sustain the proliferation of leukocytes and enterocytes. Since it has been suggested that cancer cells use exogenous nucleotides more efficiently than normal cells, we hypothesized that administration of nucleotide mixtures would also stimulate the proliferation of cancer cells, thereby increasing ...
Yang Mildred S - - 2003
Elevated tissue levels of zinc (Zn) have been associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as global ischemia, seizure, and Alzheimer's. The mechanism of action of Zn in causing neuronal injury is not clear. One of the possible mechanisms is the ability of Zn to alter cellular energy metabolism. Using the C6 ...
Yang M S - - 2003
The energy charge potential (ECP) is the ratio among adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), -diphosphate (ADP), and -monophosphate (AMP); it reflects the high-energy-bond content in biological systems. Under normal physiological conditions, the value of ECP is between 0.7 and 1.0. In this study, two different methods were used to extract adenosine nucleotides ...
Chotard-Ghodsnia R - - 2003
Biomaterials used in some biomedical devices are exposed to flow of physiological fluids. The flow-induced forces may influence the morphological and the biochemical responses of adhering cells. The objective of this work is to examine the capacity of a mechanical stress to cause changes in cell/substratum and cell/cell interactions via ...
Howitt Stephen G - - 2003
1. The role of individual residues in the 8-18 helix of CGRP(8-37) in promoting high-affinity binding to CGRP(1) receptors expressed on rat L6 and human SK-N-MC cells has been examined. The relative potencies of various derivatives were estimated from their ability to inhibit the human alphaCGRP-mediated increase in cyclic AMP ...
Zippin Jonathan H - - 2003
Intracellular targets of the ubiquitous second messenger cAMP are located at great distances from the most widely studied source of cAMP, the G protein responsive transmembrane adenylyl cyclases. We previously identified an alternative source of cAMP in mammalian cells lacking transmembrane spanning domains, the "soluble" adenylyl cyclase (sAC). We now ...
Winter L Chad - - 2002
The objective of this study was to develop a unique device for applying well-characterized cyclic, strain to cells growing on implant alloys. The device is based on the four-point bending principle and utilizes an electric motor, belt, and cam system to cyclically deflect a commercially pure titanium plate with cell ...
Merighi Stefania - - 2002
Adenosine displays contradictory effects on cell growth: it improves cell proliferation, but it may also induce apoptosis and impair cell survival. Following the pharmacologic characterization of adenosine receptor expression on the human melanoma cell line A375, we chose A375 as our cellular model to define how the extracellular adenosine signals ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >