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Ohkubo Satoko - - 2007
In C6 glioma cells, adenine nucleotides, especially AMP, and adenosine inhibited cell proliferation in time- and concentration-dependent manners. alpha,beta-methylene-ADP, an ecto-5'-nucleotidase inhibitor, suppressed the hydrolysis of AMP and reversed the inhibition of cell growth induced by AMP but not by adenosine. Adenosine deaminase eliminated both AMP- and adenosine-mediated growth inhibitions. ...
Gutièrrez-Mecinas María - - 2007
It has been demonstrated that the gaseous messenger nitric oxide influences cell proliferation and cell migration, and therefore affects adult neurogenesis in mammals. Here, we investigated the putative targets for this action in the rostral migratory stream of the rat. We used immunocytochemical detection of the beta1 subunit of the ...
Franck N - - 2007
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Several studies have suggested that large fat cells are less responsive to insulin than small fat cells. However, in these studies, large fat cells from obese individuals were compared with smaller fat cells from leaner participants, in effect making it impossible to draw conclusions about whether there is a ...
Shin Chang Yell - - 2007
We investigated whether the signal mechanism for relaxation may be affected by inflammation of the cat esophagus. Acute esophagitis was induced by perfusion with 0.1N HCI at a rate of 1 mL/min for 45 min over three consecutive days. We then isolated esophageal smooth muscle cells by enzymatic digestion with ...
Narita Motoshi - - 2007
The activity, expression and function of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE 4) were investigated in the HMG human gingiva-derived malignant melanoma cell line. A specific PDE4 inhibitor, rolipram, inhibited PDE activity in homogenates of HMG cells, and PDE4B and 4D mRNAs were detected by RT-PCR in RNA from HMG cells. Two specific ...
Borges de Oliveira-Junior Edgar - - 2007
We investigated the effects of the 5-cyclopropyl-2-[1-(2-fluoro-benzyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b] pyridin-3-yl]-pyrimidin-4-ylamine (BAY 41-2272) on the NADPH oxidase activity, gp91(phox) gene expression, cyclic guanosine-3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) and cyclic adenosine-3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) levels in the human myelomonocytic THP-1 cell line. THP-1 cells treated with BAY 41-2272 (0.3-10 microM) for 48 h significantly increased the superoxide anion (O(2)(*-)) ...
Zhang J - - 2007
To clarify the functional mechanism of the adenosine deaminase-related growth factor (ADGF) particularly in the regulation of insect development, the cDNA encoding a homologue of ADGF proteins was cloned from the cabbage armyworm, Mamestra brassicae, named MbADGF. The purified MbADGF recombinant protein stimulated cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner of ...
Aguila Jerell R - - 2007
In the life history of holometabolous insects, distinct developmental stages are tightly linked to feeding and non-feeding periods. The larval stage is characterized by extensive feeding, which supports the rapid growth of the animal and allows accumulation of energy stores, primarily in the larval fat body. In Drosophila melanogaster access ...
Avram Mathew M - - 2007
The quest for effective strategies to treat obesity has propelled fat research into an exploration of the molecular processes that drive adipocyte formation, and hence body fat mass. The development of obesity is dependent on the coordinated interplay of adipocyte hypertrophy (increased fat cell size), adipocyte hyperplasia (increased fat cell ...
Bonnard Isabelle - - 2007
From a mixed assemblage of Lyngbya majuscula rich marine cyanobacteria, we isolated a series of cell growth inhibitory cyclic peptides. The structures of the two major components, laxaphycins A (1) and B (2), and of two minor peptides, laxaphycins B2 (3) and B3 (4), were determined by spectroscopic methods and ...
Franco Rafael - - 2007
Adenosine deaminase 1 (ADA1) is an enzyme of the purine metabolism whose congenital defect leads to severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). Although classically considered a cytosolic enzyme, early evidence from work in brain synaptosomes suggested that the enzyme could be an ectoenzyme. In lymphoid cells, ectoenzymatic activity of ADA1 was also ...
Han Fu She - - 2007
The facile synthesis of linear and cyclic chiral oligo(4-alpha/beta-methyl)thiazolines is described. Linear oligothiazolines have been efficiently synthesized by the iterative formation of thiazoline rings and two-directional block condensation. The construction of 24- to 36-membered cyclic oligothiazolines was achieved through the head-to-tail cyclo-oligomerization of doubly deprotected linear fragments. Studies of the ...
Ohashi Toshiro - - 2007
We have developed a novel uniaxial cyclic stretching technique to apply a ventral nonuniform strain to cells. In this system cells are grown on a glass-embedded silicone substrate instead of the commonly used uniform substrates. This unique substrate has been developed to give a strain gradient of 0.2%/mum across each ...
Yin Yuling - - 2007
Growth of suspension-cultured Catharanthus roseus cells ceased during phosphate starvation, but the cells grew again upon addition of Pi even after long-term starvation. The metabolic fate of [(33)P]Pi was studied in 1-week-old stationary phase cells in ordinary culture and in 1- or 2-week-old Pi-starved cells. Immediately after administration, the most ...
Iwasawa T - - 2006
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) of the spine is characterized by progressive ectopic bone formation in the spinal ligament. To identify the genes related to ossification affected by mechanical stress during OPLL, analyses using cDNA microarray were carried out using cultured human spinal ligament cells that had been ...
Riha Gordon M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic forces play a crucial role in regulating vascular cell phenotype. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. The objective of this study was to test our hypothesis that cyclic strain could affect smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation. METHODS: A murine embryonic mesenchymal progenitor cell line (C3H/10T1/2) was ...
Vethe Nils Tore - - 2006
Inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) is an established target in immunosuppression following organ transplantation. In lymphocytes, reversible inhibition of this enzyme by mycophenolic acid (MPA) results in reduced production of guanine and deoxyguanine nucleotides and thereby retarded proliferation of activated cells. In order to examine MPA pharmacodynamics in renal allograft recipients, ...
Parkinson Fiona E - - 2006
In brain, levels of adenosine increase up to 100-fold during cerebral ischemia. Based on in vitro studies, both astrocytes and neurons contribute to this adenosine release. Neurons release adenosine per se whereas astrocytes release adenine nucleotides that are metabolized to adenosine extracellularly. In contrast, inosine is released from both cell ...
Pereyra E - - 2006
A comparative analysis of the effect of two compounds, dibutyryl-cyclic-AMP (dbcAMP) and latrunculin B, on the morphology and ultrastructure of the dimorphic fungus Mucor rouxii under aerobic growth conditions is presented. dbcAMP acts through the sustained activation of protein kinase A, and latrunculin B through the disruption of the actin ...
Naviglio Silvio - - 2006
In order to elucidate how phosphate regulates cellular functions, we investigated the effects of inorganic phosphate (Pi) on adenylate cyclase (AC)/cyclic AMP (cAMP) axis. Here we describe that Pi treatment of human osteosarcoma U2OS cells results in a decrease of both intracellular cAMP levels and AC activity, and in a ...
Higashida Haruhiro - - 2006
ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity in the crude membrane fraction of neuroblastomaxglioma NGPM1-27 hybrid cells was measured by monitoring [(3)H] cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) formation from [(3)H] NAD(+). Bradykinin (BK) at 100nM increased ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity by about 2.5-fold. Application of 300nM BK to living NGPM1-27 cells decreased NAD(+) to 78% of the ...
Green K E - - 2006
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a multifunctional peptide present in both maternal and fetal circulations in pregnancy. Its receptors have been identified on human trophoblast cells, but the role of CGRP in trophoblast differentiation remains unknown. This study was designed to determine the effect of CGRP on the differentiation of ...
Meng Jian Ping - - 2006
We have previously reported that the bile acids chenodeoxycholate (CDCA) and ursodeoxycholate (UDCA) decreased PGE1-induced cAMP production in a time- and dose-dependent manner not only in hepatocytes but also in nonhepatic cells, including dermal fibroblasts. In the present study, we investigated the physiological relevance of this cAMP modulatory action of ...
Poschet Jens F - - 2006
Endosomal hyperacidification in cystic fibrosis (CF) respiratory epithelial cells is secondary to a loss of sodium transport control owing to a defective form of the CF transmembrane conductance regulator CFTR. Here, we show that endosomal hyperacidification can be corrected by activating the signalling cascade controlling sodium channels through cyclic GMP. ...
Mandal, Deendayal
The present invention provides a new biocatalyst whole cell system for converting cyclic ketones such as cyclopentanone/cyclohexanone to the corresponding lactones such as valerolactone/caprolactone. Another novel aspect of the present invention is that biocatalyst fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceri NCIM 1282 species has been found to be an efficient biocatalyst ...
McAdams Ryan M - - 2006
The treatment of severe lung disease often requires the use of high concentrations of oxygen coupled with the need for assisted ventilation, potentially exposing the pulmonary epithelium to both reactive oxygen species and nonphysiological cyclic stretch. Whereas prolonged hyperoxia is known to cause increased cell injury, cyclic stretch may result ...
Roberts Donald W - - 2006
To address the issue of melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) expression in non-melanocytic cells, we have quantitatively evaluated the relative expression levels of both MC1R mRNA and protein in a subset of different cell types. Using semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at high cycle numbers, we detected MC1R mRNA in all ...
Omoti, CE; Department of ...
Background: Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Africa where there is no readily available effective treatment. This study was designed to determine the haematological values that can be used in monitoring the status and management of SCA patients. <BR>Method: A prospective study of ...
Loovers Harriët M - - 2006
The role of PI(3,4,5)P(3) in Dictyostelium signal transduction and chemotaxis was investigated using the PI3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 and pi3k-null cells. The increase of PI(3,4,5)P(3) levels after stimulation with the chemoattractant cAMP was blocked >95% by 60 microM LY294002 with half-maximal effect at 5 microM. This correlated well with the inhibition ...
Vij Kapil - - 2006
Cranial sutures are unique to skull bones and consist of multiple connective tissue cell lineages such as mesenchymal cells, fibroblast-like cells, and osteogenic cells, in addition to osteoclasts. Mechanical modulation of intramembranous bone growth in the craniofacial suture is not well understood, especially during postnatal development. This study investigated whether ...
Matheson Loren A - - 2006
As monocytes migrate to the site of a foreign body and differentiate into mature monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs), the cells undergo a morphological transformation that involves mechanical stimulation via membrane stretch. Because the site of many cardiovascular implant devices includes substrates that are also undergoing mechanical change, it is of interest ...
Borowiec Agnieszka - - 2006
Adenosine is a product of complete dephosphorylation of adenine nucleotides which takes place in various compartments of the cell. This nucleoside is a significant signal molecule engaged in regulation of physiology and modulation of the function of numerous cell types (i.e. neurons, platelets, neutrophils, mast cells and smooth muscle cells ...
Wu John Z - - 2006
Experimental evidence indicates that the biosynthetic activity of chondrocytes is associated with the mechanical environment. For example, excessive, repetitive loading has been found to induce cell death, morphological and cellular damage, as seen in degenerative joint disease, while cyclic, physiological-like loading has been found to trigger a partial recovery of ...
Jones Lynne C - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate whether cyclic loading can alter the response of osteoblasts to dexamethasone. Proliferation of osteoblast-like cells (MG-63) was assessed by determining uptake of 3H-thymidine. Three doses of dexamethasone were tested: 0.001 nM, .001 nM, or 0.1 nM. Exposure to increasing levels of dexamethasone ...
Jenal Urs - - 2006
Cyclic-di-GMP is a ubiquitous second messenger in bacteria. The recent discovery that c-di-GMP antagonistically controls motility and virulence of single, planktonic cells on one hand and cell adhesion and persistence of multicellular communities on the other has spurred interest in this regulatory compound. Cellular levels of c-di-GMP are controlled through ...
Loesberg W A - - 2005
Under the influence of mechanical stress, cultured fibroblasts have a tendency to orient themselves perpendicular to the stress direction. Similar cell alignment can be induced by guiding cells along topographical clues, like microgrooves. The aim of this study was to evaluate cell behavior on microgrooved substrates, exposed to cyclic stretching. ...
Kumar Bipin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: High levels of wild-type alpha-synuclein are found in autopsied brain samples of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), some familial PD, some Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Down's syndrome with dementia. Therefore, we have investigated whether overexpression of wild-type alpha-synuclein causes degeneration during adenosine, 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-induced differentiation of murine neuroblastoma (NB) ...
Correa Silvana A A - - 2005
To assess the importance of the leucine residues in positions 262 and 265 of the angiotensin AT(1) receptor for signaling pathways and receptor expression and regulation, we compared the properties of CHO cells transfected with the wild type or the L262D or L265D receptor point mutants. It was found that ...
Basile Giovanna - - 2005
ADP-ribosyl cyclases are ubiquitous enzymes responsible for synthesis from NAD(+) of the intracellular calcium-releasing signal molecules cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP(+)). Here, we show that cyclases from lower and higher Metazoa also synthesize three adenylic dinucleotides from cADPR and adenine: diadenosine diphosphate and two isomers ...
Belo A - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nucleotides form the building blocks of DNA and are marketed as dietary supplements, alone or in combination with other ingredients, to promote general health. However, there has been only limited scientific study regarding the true biological activity of orally administered nucleotides. We therefore tested their efficacy in ...
Sato Kiminori - - 2005
PURPOSE: There are a few injectable biomaterials used in vocal-fold-augmentation surgery. In this study, liposuctioned autologous fat, used as the injection material, was investigated histologically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Liposuctioned fat, which was harvested from 13 patients during injection laryngoplasty, was examined by light and electron microscopy. RESULTS: The cell membranes ...
Huang Chien-Ning - - 2005
It has been documented that arginine vasopressin (AVP) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) regulate water reabsorption in renal tubular cells. The present study was attempted to delineate the downstream signaling of AVP and PGE(2) in a cortical collecting duct cell line (M-1 cell). Using RT-PCR, we detected mRNA for V2 and ...
Nguyen Bao T - - 2005
Relaxin stimulates cAMP production and activation of ERK and PI3K in THP-1 cells. Relaxin also stimulates protein kinase C zeta (PKCzeta) translocation to the plasma membrane in a PI3K-dependent manner in THP-1 and MCF-7 cells. However, relaxin did not increase cAMP production in MCF-7 cells. We overexpressed different adenylyl cyclase ...
Reigada David - - 2005
Stimulation of ATP or adenosine receptors causes important physiological changes in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells that may influence their relationship to the adjacent photoreceptors. While RPE cells have been shown to release ATP, the regulation of extracellular ATP levels and the production of dephosphorylated purines is not clear. This ...
Smith N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Antigen inhalation in atopic asthmatic patients results in an early asthmatic response (EAR), accompanied by a late asthmatic response (LAR) in 60% of patients. Inhaled 5'-adenosine monophosphate (5'-AMP) causes immediate bronchoconstriction in asthmatics but not in normal subjects. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate whether 5'-AMP ...
Wunder Frank - - 2005
We have established a rapid, homogeneous, cell-based, and highly sensitive assay for guanosine 3'-5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) that is suitable for fully automated ultra-high-throughput screening. In this assay system, cGMP production is monitored in living cells via Ca2+ influx through the olfactory cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channel CNGA2, acting as the intracellular ...
Kajimoto Kazuaki - - 2005
1,2,3-Benzenetricarboxylate (BTA) and n-butylmalonate (BM), specific inhibitors of the mitochondrial tricarboxylate and dicarboxylate carrier, respectively, have been used to study the contribution of citrate export from mitochondria to the accumulation of fat in 3T3-L1 cells. Continuous treatment of the cells with BTA or BM for 5 days after the induction ...
Wolfe Alan J - - 2005
To succeed, many cells must alternate between life-styles that permit rapid growth in the presence of abundant nutrients and ones that enhance survival in the absence of those nutrients. One such change in life-style, the "acetate switch," occurs as cells deplete their environment of acetate-producing carbon sources and begin to ...
Budnik Lygia T - - 2005
Incubation of ovarian luteal cells with the bioactive lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) for 180 min abolishes gonadotropin-induced steroid production with no attenuation of the cyclic AMP accumulation. Treatment with the lysolipid also diminishes [14C]steroid production in cells preloaded with either [14C]cholesterol or [14C]acetate. Neither the expression of steroidogenic acute ...
Sun Wan-Chun - - 2005
AIM: To study the modulating effect of adenosine deaminase (ADA) on the adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) in HEK293 cells stably expressing the human A1R. METHODS: cDNA was amplified by RT-PCR using total RNA from human embryo brain tissue as the template. The PCR products were subcloned into the plasmid pcDNA3 ...
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