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Martín-Satué Mireia - - 2010
Extracellular ATP and its hydrolysis product adenosine modulate various reproductive functions such as those requiring contraction, steroidogenesis, and maintenance of fluid composition. Interestingly, adenosine might act as a key capacitative effector for mammalian spermatozoa to acquire the capacity for fertilisation. Extracellular nucleotide levels are affected by cell surface ectonucleotidases, amongst ...
Rah So-Young - - 2010
We have previously demonstrated that cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) is a calcium signaling messenger in interleukin 8 (IL-8)-induced lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. In this study we examined the possibility that IL-8 activates CD38 to produce another messenger, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP), in LAK cells, and we showed that IL-8 ...
Johnson David R - - 2010
Tungsten, in the form of tungstate, polymerizes with phosphate, and as extensive polymerization occurs, cellular phosphorylation and dephosphorylation reactions may be disrupted, resulting in negative effects on cellular functions. A series of studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of tungsten on several phosphate-dependent intracellular functions, including energy cycling (ATP), ...
Cosgrave Anna Siobhan - - 2010
We have previously shown that kainic acid (KA) increases nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) production in the rat dentate gyrus (DG) and hippocampus (CA3), and NOS inhibition [(by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME)] modulates the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-responsive gene, activity-dependent neuroprotective protein, and alters neuro- and astrogliogenesis (Cosgrave et al. in ...
Kwon Ronald Y - - 2010
Primary cilia are chemosensing and mechanosensing organelles that regulate remarkably diverse processes in a variety of cells. We previously showed that primary cilia play a role in mediating mechanosensing in bone cells through an unknown mechanism that does not involve extracellular Ca(2+)-dependent intracellular Ca(2+) release, which has been implicated in ...
Horiuchi Makoto M Department of Neurology, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, - - 2010
NG2 chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan is a surface marker of oligodendroglial progenitor cells (OPCs) in various species. In contrast to well-studied rat OPCs, however, we found that purified mouse NG2 surface positive cells (NG2(+) cells) require additional activation of cyclic AMP (cAMP) signaling for survival in a medium containing 30% B104 ...
Caron Joachim J Université Paris-Sud, Faculté de Pharmacie, UMR CNRS 8076, 5 rue J.-B. Clément, 92296 Châtenay-Malabry, - - 2010
4-(N)-1,1',2-trisnor-squalenoyldideoxycytidine monophosphate (SQddC-MP) and 4-(N)-1,1',2-trisnor-squalenoylgemcitabine monophosphate (SQdFdC-MP) were synthesized using phosphoramidite chemistry. These amphiphilic molecules self-assembled to about hundred nanometers size nanoassemblies in aqueous medium. Nanoassemblies of SQddC-MP displayed significant anti-HIV activity whereas SQdFdC-MP nanoassemblies displayed promising anticancer activity on leukemia cells. These results suggested that squalene conjugate of negatively ...
Biondi C - - 2010
Cyclic adenosine 3'-5'-monophosphate (cAMP) is a second messenger, which exerts an important role in the control of human first-trimester trophoblast functions. In the present study we demonstrate the existence of a mechanism that is able to extrude cAMP from trophoblast-derived cell lines, and show evidence indicating the involvement of multidrug ...
- - 2010
John D. Currey, Paul D. Baxter and Jonathan W. Pitchford (2009) Significance and importance: some common misapprehensions about statistics. Cell Biochemistry & Function 2009; 27: 499-502. DOI: 10.1002/cbf.1620.
Lee Hwee Siang - - 2010
Cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) is an intracellular signaling molecule involved in regulation of cellular functions such as motility, biofilm formation and virulence. Intracellular level of c-di-GMP is controlled through opposing diguanylate cyclase (DGC) and phosphodiesterase (PDE) activities of GGDEF and EAL domain proteins, respectively. We report the identification and characterization ...
Rice S P L - - 2010
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a precursor sex steroid, circulates in sulphated form (DHEAS). Serum DHEAS concentrations are inversely correlated with metabolic syndrome components and in vivo/in vitro studies suggest a role in modulating adipose mass. To investigate further, we assessed the in vitro biological effect of DHEA in white (3T3-L1) and brown ...
Zippin Jonathan H JH Department of Dermatology, NYPH-Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York, USA. - - 2010
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) is a nearly ubiquitous signaling molecule important for numerous signaling pathways in human skin. We studied a novel class of mammalian adenylyl cyclase, the soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC). We examined sAC localization in normal human skin and found it to be present in keratinocytes, melanocytes, mononuclear ...
Konopka R - - 2010
The assay employing firefly luciferase as the end-point reporter is one of the most popular gene reporter systems. However, the physiological conditions of cells may affect the reporter gene expression, which makes an assessment of cell viability desirable. Estimates of cell viability may be based on different principles. We tested ...
Vatsos I N - - 2010
Several authors have previously demonstrated that the number of the skin mucous cells of fish is affected by many stressors. In the present study, two experiments were conducted in order to examine the effects of two common environmental conditions on the morphology of skin of sea bass and particularly on ...
Narita Keishi - - 2010
Functional defects in cilia are associated with various human diseases including congenital hydrocephalus. Previous studies suggested that defects in cilia not only disrupt the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) generated by motile cilia in ependyma lining the brain ventricles, but also cause increased CSF production at the choroid plexus. However, ...
Chen Zhiyong - - 2009
To identify a viable cell source with potential neuroprotective effects, we studied amnion-derived multipotent progenitor (AMP) cells in a rat model of penetrating ballistic-like brain injury (PBBI). AMP cells were labeled with fluorescent dye PKH26 and injected in rats immediately following right hemispheric PBBI or sham PBBI surgery by ipsilateral ...
Módis Katalin - - 2009
We have established an in vitro model of acute tubular necrosis in rat kidney tubular cells, using combined oxygen-glucose deprivation (COGD) and screened a library of 1280 pharmacologically active compounds for cytoprotective effects. We used in vitro cell-based, high throughput, screening, with cells subjected to COGD using hypoxia chambers, followed ...
Fain John N - - 2010
The relative release in vitro of endothelin-1, zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG), lipocalin-2, CD14, RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted protein), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP-4), visfatin/PBEF/Nampt, glutathione peroxidase-3 (GPX-3), intracellular cell adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and amyloid A was examined using explants of ...
Bagorda Anna - - 2009
Cyclic AMP has a crucial role during the entire developmental program of the social amoebae Dictyostelium, acting both as an intracellular second messenger and, when secreted, as a directional cue that is relayed to neighboring cells during chemotaxis. Although significant knowledge about cAMP production in chemotaxing cells has been derived ...
Podobnik Marjetka - - 2009
Mycobacterium tuberculosis utilizes many mechanisms to establish itself within the macrophage, and bacterially derived cAMP is important in modulating the host cellular response. Although the genome of M. tuberculosis is endowed with a number of mammalian-like adenylyl cyclases, only a single cAMP phosphodiesterase has been identified that can decrease levels ...
Nimmervoll Birgit - - 2009
Cyclic nucleotides mediate transient as well as plastic cellular responses. The most ultimate response is cell death. In the present study, we propose that an increase of intracellular cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) for at least 1h promotes cell death in the murine microglial cell line, BV-2 cells, as well as ...
Sancheti Harshkumar H Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2009
The present paper reviews the use of protein splicing for the biosynthesis of backbone cyclic polypeptides. This general method allows the in vivo and in vitro biosynthesis of cyclic polypeptides using recombinant DNA expression techniques. Biosynthetic access to backbone cyclic peptides opens the possibility to generate cell-based combinatorial libraries that ...
Ptak Anna - - 2009
Our previously published data showed that 260h of exposure to 3,4-diOH-PCB3 decreased proliferation in the MCF-7 cell line. In the present study, we sought to determine whether this is due to action on the SHBG/cAMP/PKA system, activation of which can inhibit cell proliferation, or to direct inhibition of ERK1/2 phosphorylation. ...
Muñoz Balam - - 2009
Cilostazol, a drug commonly used in the treatment of intermittent claudication is a selective phosphodiesterase III inhibitor. It affects cell proliferation, increases cAMP levels, activates the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and inhibits E2F in vascular cells. Polycystic kidney disease, a common genetic disorder, is characterized by increased cell proliferation, basement ...
Vikman Jenny - - 2009
Synaptosomal protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) is important for Ca(2+)-dependent fusion of large dense core vesicles (LDCVs) in insulin-secreting cells. Exocytosis is further enhanced by cAMP-increasing agents such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and this augmentation includes interaction with both PKA and cAMP-GEFII. To investigate the coupling between SNAP-25- and cAMP-dependent ...
Zhang Man - - 2009
Cell cycle dysregulation is a critical feature of tumor cells. Numerous cell cycle regulators act either as oncogenes or tumor suppressors and their aberrations result in proliferative advantage for cancer cells. Many molecular targets and their use in either abrogating the growth advantage of oncogenic mediators or enhancing the growth ...
Meyers John A JA Evans Department of Medicine, Section of Hematology and Oncology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2009
Phosphodiesterase (PDE)4 inhibitors, which activate cAMP signaling by reducing cAMP catabolism, are known to induce apoptosis in B lineage chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells but not normal human T cells. The explanation for such differential sensitivity remains unknown. In this study, we report studies contrasting the response to PDE4 inhibitor ...
Ong W K WK Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy, Cell Biology Group, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, - - 2009
Increases in intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) augment the release/secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). As cAMP is hydrolysed by cAMP phosphodiesterases (PDEs), we determined the role of PDEs and particularly PDE4 in regulating GLP-1 release. GLP-1 release, PDE expression and activity were investigated using rats and GLUTag cells, a GLP-1-releasing cell ...
Bopp Tobias - - 2009
Naturally occurring regulatory T cells (nTreg cells) are crucial for the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. We have previously shown that a key mechanism of their suppressive action is based on a contact-dependent transfer of cAMP from nTreg cells to responder T cells. Herein, we further elucidate the important role of ...
Dicker A - - 2009
Catecholamine-induced lipolysis is elevated in omental as compared to subcutaneous adipocytes due to primary differences between the two cell types (i.e., they have different progenitor cells). Whether there is regional variation in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-induced lipolysis is unknown. We studied whether beta-adrenoceptor signaling to lipolysis and ANP-induced lipolysis are ...
Doyle Adele M - - 2009
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a component of many cardiovascular cell-based regenerative medicine therapies. There is little understanding, however, of the response of MSCs to mechanical cues present in cardiovascular tissues. The objectives of these studies were to identify a model system to study the effect of well-defined applied cyclic ...
Conche Claire - - 2009
It is well established that sustained increases in cyclic AMP (cAMP) such as those triggered by forskolin inhibit T cell activation. We describe here an unexpected phenomenon: in T cells, a transient cAMP increase triggered by the interaction with a dendritic cell strongly potentiates T cell receptor (TCR) signaling. We ...
Mohlin Camilla - - 2009
AIMS: Extracellular ATP may be metabolized to AMP and adenosine by the ectonucleotidases CD39 and CD73 and, in this study, we characterized the pathways for adenosine formation in human urinary tract epithelial cells. METHODS: Bladder (RT4) and kidney (A498) epithelial cells were grown in cell culture and the expression of ...
Wang Wei - - 2009
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway is highly conserved throughout evolution and regulates cell size and survival and cell cycle progression. It regulates the latter by stimulating procession through G(1) and the G(1)/S phase transition. Entry into S phase requires an abundant supply of purine nucleotides, but the effect of ...
Hai Jian - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Preliminary works have indicated that panaxydol possesses growth inhibition and induces differentiation in rat C6 glioma cells. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this differentiation remains unknown. We sought to investigate the role of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in cellular differentiation induced by panaxydol. METHODS: C6 cells were treated with ...
Kovsan Julia - - 2009
Intra-abdominal (IA) fat functionally differs from subcutaneous (SC) adipose tissue, likely contributing to its stronger association with obesity-induced morbidity and to differential response to medications. Drug-induced partial lipodystrophy, like in response to antiretroviral agents, is an extreme manifestation of the different response of different fat depots, with loss of SC ...
Stehno-Bittel Lisa - - 2008
One of the most exciting cell biology fields of study concerns the physiology and pathology of fat. The basic assumptions once held concerning the function of adipose tissue have been shown to be oversimplified or sometimes completely wrong. Fat does more than store excess energy; it is actually the largest ...
Furukawa Fukumi - - 2008
The structure and function of the epidermis is maintained by cell renewal based on epidermal turnover. Epidermal turnover is delayed by aging, and it is thought that the delay of the epidermal turnover is a cause of aging alternation of skin. The epidermal turnover is related to the energy metabolism ...
Sosroseno Wihaskoro - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE WORK: Nitric oxide (NO) has been reported to enhance the production of cAMP by hydroxyapatite (HA)-induced a human osteoblast cell line (HOS cells). The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that exogenous NO may up-regulate the proliferation of hydroxyapatite (HA)-induced HOS ...
Biondi C - - 2008
We have tested the hypothesis that human early trophoblast is a target for somatostatin (SRIF) regulatory actions. We report for the first time that SSTR2A and 2B transcripts and proteins are present in first-trimester human chorionic villi and the trophoblast-derived HTR-8/SVneo and JAR cells. In both cell lines, SSTR are ...
Ivanova Krassimira - - 2008
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important mediator in many (patho)physiological processes including inflammation and skin cancer. A key transducer in NO signaling is the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) that catalyzes the formation of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP). The basic mechanism of NO-cGMP signaling in melanocytic cells is, however, not well ...
Wei Xiao-Kun - - 2008
Nucleoside phosphorylases (NPases) were found to be induced in Enterobacter aerogenes DGO-04, and cytidine and cytidine 5'-monophosphate (CMP) were the best inducers. Five mmol/L to fifteen mmol/L cytidine or CMP could distinctly increase the activities of purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNPase), uridine phosphorylase (UPase) and thymidine phosphorylase (TPase) when they were ...
Jungbauer Simon - - 2008
Cells adherent on a cyclically stretched substrate with a periodically varying uniaxial strain are known to dynamically reorient nearly perpendicular to the strain direction. We investigate the dynamic reorientation of rat embryonic and human fibroblast cells over a range of stretching frequency from 0.0001 to 20 s(-1) and strain amplitude ...
Simão Sónia - - 2008
The present study evaluated the role of oxidative stress on alpha(2)-adrenoceptor-mediated events (Cl(-)/HCO (3) (-) exchanger activity and cAMP accumulation) in immortalized renal proximal tubular epithelial (PTE) cells from the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and its normotensive control (Wistar Kyoto rat; WKY). The exposure of cells to alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist UK ...
Wolf Peter - - 2008
Sensorchip based impedance spectroscopy can detect inhibitory effects of human neuropeptide Y (hNPY) on living cells in a non-invasive labelling free way in real time without the need of supporting reagents. Since the discovery that neoplasmatic transformations in breast cancer are correlated with a change of the receptor subtype expression ...
Chen Lin - - 2008
Cell migration is critical for animal development and physiological as well as pathological responses. One important step during cell migration is the formation of lamellipodia at the leading edge of migrating cells. Here we report that the second messenger cAMP inhibits the migration of mouse embryonic fibroblast cells and mouse ...
Kamotani Yoko Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2008
Cell culture systems are often static and are therefore nonphysiological. In vivo, many cells are exposed to dynamic surroundings that stimulate cellular responses in a process known as mechanotransduction. To recreate this environment, stretchable cell culture substrate systems have been developed, however, these systems are limited by being macroscopic and ...
Nagata Shinichi - - 2008
Brevibacterium sp. JCM 6894 cells grown in the presence of 1.5-2.5 M NaCl for 24 h at 30 degrees C were subjected to the osmotic downshock. Downshocked cells after ectoine release were grown for further 24 h in the fresh medium with same salinity as before shock. When this cyclic ...
Gödecke A - - 2008
It is well known that cAMP, an important intracellular second messenger, is released from many cells upon adenylate cyclase stimulation. Cell surface bound phosphodiesterase together with ecto-5'-nucleotidase may convert the extracellular cAMP to adenosine, which may stimulate in a paracrine and/or autocrine manner cells expressing P1 receptors. In this issue ...
Sawada Toshitada - - 2008
To reveal the involvement of extracellular nucleotides in the ossification process in ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL), the mRNA expression profiles of P2 purinoceptors, mechanical stress-induced ATP release, and ATP-stimulated expression of osteogenic genes were analyzed in ligament cells derived from the spinal ligament of ...
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