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Ma Quan-Rui - - 2011
Inosine is a purine nucleoside and is considered protective to neural cells including neurons and astrocytes against hypoxic injury. However, whether oligodendrocytes (OLs) could also be protected from hypoxia by inosine is not known. Here we investigated the effects of inosine on primarily cultured rat OLs injured by rotenone-mediated chemical ...
Mukherjee Tina - - 2011
A blood cell type termed crystal cell in Drosophila functions in clotting and wound healing and requires Notch for specification and maintenance. We report that crystal cells express elevated levels of Sima protein orthologous to mammalian hypoxia-inducible factor-α (Hif-α) even under conditions of normal oxygen availability. In these platelet-like crystal ...
Dai Yao - - 2011
Intratumoral hypoxia is known to be associated with radioresistance and metastasis. The present study examined the effect of acute and chronic hypoxia on the metastatic potential of prostate cancer PC-3, DU145, and LNCaP cells. Cell proliferation and clonogenicity were tested by MTT assay and colony formation assay, respectively. "Wound-healing" and ...
Noguchi Syunsuke - - 2011
MicroRNA (miR)-143 and -145 were down-regulated in human bladder cancer T24 cells. The enforced expression of miR-143 induced growth-suppression in T24 cells through down-regulation of ERK5 and Akt expression at translational level, and chemically-modified synthetic miR-143 (miR-143/BP) exhibited a greater growth inhibitory effect than wild-type miR-143. In addition, the synthetic ...
Friedlander Ronn S - - 2011
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is secreted from enteroendocrine L-cells after food intake. Increasing GLP-1 signalling either through inhibition of the GLP-1 degrading enzyme dipeptidyl-peptidase IV or injection of GLP-1-mimetics has recently been successfully introduced for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Boosting secretion from the L-cell has so far not been ...
Micutkova Lucia - - 2011
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) regulates cell proliferation and survival by extracellular interaction and inactivation of the growth factor IGF-I. Beyond that, IGF-independent actions mediated by intracellular IGFBP-3 including nuclear-IGFBP-3, have also been described. We here show, using both confocal and electron microscopy and cell fractionation, that the ...
Wiley Luke A - - 2011
We previously found that lenses lacking the Acvr1 gene, which encodes a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor, had abnormal proliferation and cell death in epithelial and cortical fiber cells. We tested whether the tumor suppressor protein p53 (encoded by Trp53) affected this phenotype. Acvr1 conditional knockout (Acvr1(CKO)) mouse fiber cells ...
Ohsawa Shizue - - 2011
A newly emerged oncogenic cell in the epithelial population has to confront antitumor selective pressures in the host tissue. However, the mechanisms by which surrounding normal tissue exerts antitumor effects against oncogenically transformed cells are poorly understood. In Drosophila imaginal epithelia, clones of cells mutant for evolutionarily conserved tumor suppressor ...
Li Hui-Fang - - 2011
The PTEN tumor suppressor gene is one of the most commonly mutated genes in human cancer. Because inactivation of PTEN is a somatic event, PTEN mutations represent an important genetic difference between cancer cells and normal cells and therefore a potential anticancer drug target. However, it remains a substantial challenge ...
de Carné Trécesson Sophie - - 2011
Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) is a tumor suppressor response that induces permanent cell cycle arrest in response to oncogenic signaling. Through the combined activation of the p53-p21 and p16-Rb suppressor pathways, OIS leads to the transcriptional repression of proliferative genes. Although this protective mechanism has been essentially described in primary cells, ...
Coene Elisabeth D ED Department of Pathology, University of Ghent, 9000 Ghent, - - 2011
BRCA1 C-terminal (BRCT) domains in BRCA1 are essential for tumor suppressor function, though the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We identified ezrin, radixin, and moesin as BRCA1 BRCT domain-interacting proteins. Ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) and F-actin colocalized with BRCA1 at the plasma membrane (PM) of cancer cells, especially at leading edges and focal ...
Lavaggi María L - - 2011
Phenazine 5,10-dioxides (PDOs) are a new class of bioreductive cytotoxins, which could act towards tumours containing hypoxic regions. The PDOs selective-hypoxic bioreduction was probed in vitro; however, the mechanism of action has not been completely explained. Besides, PDOs in vivo antitumour activities have not been demonstrated hitherto. We study the ...
Zhang Jianghong - - 2011
Growing evidence has demonstrated that, as an endogenous signaling gasotransmitter, hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) plays an important role in regulating numerous biological functions. The role of H(2)S in hypoxia-induced radioresistance on hepatoma cells was investigated in the present work. Results showed that, when HepG2 cells were maintained in hypoxia circumstances for ...
Brimson James M - - 2011
Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz (Acanthaceae) is an herb native to Thailand and Southeast Asia, known for its antioxidant properties. Hypoxia leads to an increase in reactive oxygen species in cells and is a leading cause of neuronal damage. Cell death caused by hypoxia has been linked with a number of ...
Kritis Aristidis - - 2011
Hypoxia is a severe stressful condition and induces cell death leading to neuronal loss both to the developing and adult nervous system. Central theme to cellular death is the activation of different classes of proteases such as caspases calpains and cathepsins. In the present study we investigated the involvement of ...
Högel Heidi - - 2011
Hypoxia restricts cell proliferation and cell cycle progression at the G1/S interface but at least a subpopulation of carcinoma cells can escape the restriction. In carcinoma hypoxia may in fact select for cells with enhanced hypoxic survival and increased aggressiveness. The cellular oxygen sensors HIF proline hydroxylases (PHDs) adapt the ...
Prentice Howard M - - 2011
Retinal Müller cells span the retina and secrete several trophic factors and represent the functional link between blood vessels and neurons, making them attractive targets for gene therapy. Therefore, a hypoxia-regulated, retinal glial cell-specific vector was constructed and tested for its response to hypoxia. A hybrid promoter containing domains of ...
Magwere Tapiwanashe - - 2011
Glutathione (GSH) is implicated in drug resistance mechanisms of several cancers and is a key regulator of cell death pathways within cells. We studied Ewing's sarcoma family of tumours (ESFT) cell lines and three mechanistically distinct anticancer agents (fenretinide, doxorubicin, and vincristine) to investigate whether the GSH antioxidant system is ...
Frezza Christian - - 2011
Hypoxia is one of the features of poorly vascularised areas of solid tumours but cancer cells can survive in these areas despite the low oxygen tension. The adaptation to hypoxia requires both biochemical and genetic responses that culminate in a metabolic rearrangement to counter-balance the decrease in energy supply from ...
Zeng Hui-Lan - - 2011
The therapeutic efficacy of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) for the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic diseases is closely related to level of hypoxia in the damaged tissues. To elucidate the potential therapeutic applications and limitations of hMSCs derived from human umbilical cords, the effects of hypoxia on the morphology and proliferation ...
Li Lin-wei - - 2011
The esophageal carcinoma related gene 4 (ECRG4) was initially identified and cloned from human normal esophageal epithelium in our laboratory (GenBank accession no.AF325503). ECRG4 has been described as a novel tumor suppressor gene associated with prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In this study, binding affinity assay in vitro ...
Wu Danli - - 2011
Hypoxia is defined as the reduction or lack of oxygen in organs, tissues, or cells. This decrease of oxygen tension can be due to a reduced supply in oxygen (causes include insufficient blood vessel network, defective blood vessel, and anemia) or to an increased consumption of oxygen relative to the ...
Skiles Matthew L ML Biomedical Engineering Program, University of South Carolina, - - 2011
In Diabetes mellitus type 1, autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic β-cells results in loss of insulin production and potentially lethal hyperglycemia. As an alternative treatment option to exogenous insulin injection, transplantation of functional pancreatic tissue has been explored. This approach offers the promise of a more natural, long-term restoration of ...
Tang Ming - - 2011
By limiting phosphotidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP(3)) levels, tumor suppressor PTEN not only controls cell growth but also maintains cell polarity required for cytokinesis and chemotaxis. To identify the critical targets of PIP(3) that link it to the cytoskeleton, we deleted secondary genes to reverse the deficiencies of pten- cells in Dictyostelium. ...
Lin Huilan - - 2011
Iron storage in yeast requires the activity of the vacuolar iron transporter Ccc1. Yeast with an intact CCC1 are resistant to iron toxicity, but deletion of CCC1 renders yeast susceptible to iron toxicity. We used genetic and biochemical analysis to identify suppressors of high iron toxicity in Δccc1 cells to ...
Toll L - - 2011
Astrocytomas and glioblastomas have been particularly difficult to treat and refractory to chemotherapy. However, significant evidence has been presented that demonstrates a decrease in astrocytoma cell proliferation subsequent to an increase in cAMP levels. The 1321N1 astrocytoma cell line, as well as other astrocytomas and glioblastomas, expresses β(2)-adrenergic receptors (β(2)-ARs) ...
Gardner Keri - - 2011
To determine the effect of loading conditions on the length of primary cilia in tendon cells in situ, freshly harvested rat tail tendons were stress-deprived (SD) for up to 72 h, cyclically loaded at 3% strain at 0.17 Hz for 24 h, or SD for 24 h followed by cyclic loading (CL) for 24 h. ...
Tsai Yu-Chian - - 2010
A preparative column chromatographic method for isolation of carotenoids and chlorophylls from Gynostemma pentaphyllum, a traditional Chinese herb, was developed to evaluate their antiproliferative effects on the hepatoma cell Hep3B. An open column containing 70 g of magnesium oxide-diatomaceous earth (1:2.5, wt/wt) was used to elute carotenoid with 2% ethanol ...
Barcia E - - 2011
Background: Clioquinol (CQ), a metal chelator, has gained renewed attention due to its ability to modulate metal homeostasis in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. Purpose: To investigate the protective effects of a wide range of concentrations of CQ on two human neuroblastoma cell lines (IMR-32 and SKN-AS) and to ...
Tsukahara Tamotsu - - 2010
Cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA), a structural analog of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), is one of the simplest phospholipids found in every cell type. cPA is a specific, high-affinity antagonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ); however, the molecular mechanism by which cPA inhibits cellular proliferation remains to be clarified. In this ...
Ruiz-Gómez M J - - 2010
In an attempt to determine whether magnetic field (MF) exposures might induce cellular alterations, S. cerevisiae yeast cells were exposed to static or sinusoidal 50 Hz homogeneous MF (0.35 mT, 1.4 mT, and 2.45 mT) for 1 h and 72 h. Unsynchronized cells grown exponentially while exposed to MF, containing cells in all stages of the ...
Vega Jose L - - 2010
It is speculated that retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells convert naïve T cells into regulatory T cells (Tregs) via soluble factors such as transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β). Yet presence or absence of similar membrane-bound mechanisms on RPE cells has yet to be addressed. Here the authors investigated the expression ...
Ibrahim Mohammad H A - - 2010
Different fermentation strategies were employed for the cultivation of a new poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)-accumulating thermophilic bacterium, Chelatococcus sp. strain MW10, with the aim of achieving high-cell-density (HCD) growth and high poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [poly(3HB)] productivity. Enhanced cultivation was achieved by a cyclic fed-batch fermentation (CFBF) technique (42-liter scale). Maximal poly(3HB) productivity was obtained during ...
Micchelli Craig A - - 2011
The adult Drosophila midgut is thought to arise from an endodermal rudiment specified during embryogenesis. Previous studies have reported the presence of individual cells termed adult midgut precursors (AMPs) as well as "midgut islands" or "islets" in embryonic and larval midgut tissue. Yet the precise relationship between progenitor cell populations ...
Luginbuehl Edith - - 2010
The precise subcellular localization of the components of the cyclic AMP (cAMP) signaling pathways is a crucial aspect of eukaryotic intracellular signaling. In the human pathogen Trypanosoma brucei, the strict control of cAMP levels by cAMP-specific phosphodiesterases is essential for parasite survival, both in cell culture and in the infected ...
Häusler Sebastian F M - - 2010
Extracellular adenosine exerts powerful paracrine effects on immune cells. Thus, adenosine signaling has to be strictly regulated. This is achieved by its rapid internalization or enzymatic degradation. Consequently, free adenosine is extremely difficult to measure in cell culture systems and may escape from detection by time-consuming endpoint measurements like high-performance ...
Sakowicz-Burkiewicz M - - 2010
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine are the crucial endogenous signaling molecules in immunity and inflammation. In this study we identified the source of extracellular adenosine in human B lymphoblasts, and evaluate the ATP release and metabolism. We observed that the B cells continuously released substantial quantities of ATP (35 pmol/10(6) ...
Liu Chunsheng - - 2010
Previous studies have demonstrated that perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) can affect reproduction by disruption of steroidogenesis in experimental animals. However, the underlying mechanism(s) of this disruption remain unknown. Here we investigated the effects and mechanisms of action of 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluoro-decan-1-ol (8:2 FTOH) on steroidogenesis using a human adrenocortical carcinoma ...
Kress Andrea K - - 2010
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), the cause of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), transforms CD4(+) T cells to permanent growth through its transactivator Tax. HTLV-1-transformed cells share phenotypic properties with memory and regulatory T cells (T-reg). Murine T-reg-mediated suppression employs elevated cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels as a key regulator. ...
Liu Shao-Cheng - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The uncinate process (UP) and the agger nasi (AN) cell are both important anatomical landmarks in endoscopic sinus surgery. The superior attachment of the UP and the prevalence of the AN cell show great anatomical variability and affect the anatomy of the frontal recess. The aim of this study ...
Fujii Shigemoto - - 2010
A nitrated guanine nucleotide, 8-nitroguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-nitro-cGMP), is formed via nitric oxide (NO) and causes protein S-guanylation. However, intracellular 8-nitro-cGMP levels and mechanisms of formation of 8-nitro-cGMP and S-guanylation are yet to be identified. In this study, we precisely quantified NO-dependent formation of 8-nitro-cGMP in C6 glioma cells via ...
Martín-Satué Mireia - - 2010
Extracellular ATP and its hydrolysis product adenosine modulate various reproductive functions such as those requiring contraction, steroidogenesis, and maintenance of fluid composition. Interestingly, adenosine might act as a key capacitative effector for mammalian spermatozoa to acquire the capacity for fertilisation. Extracellular nucleotide levels are affected by cell surface ectonucleotidases, amongst ...
Rah So-Young - - 2010
We have previously demonstrated that cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) is a calcium signaling messenger in interleukin 8 (IL-8)-induced lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. In this study we examined the possibility that IL-8 activates CD38 to produce another messenger, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP), in LAK cells, and we showed that IL-8 ...
Johnson David R - - 2010
Tungsten, in the form of tungstate, polymerizes with phosphate, and as extensive polymerization occurs, cellular phosphorylation and dephosphorylation reactions may be disrupted, resulting in negative effects on cellular functions. A series of studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of tungsten on several phosphate-dependent intracellular functions, including energy cycling (ATP), ...
Cosgrave Anna Siobhan - - 2010
We have previously shown that kainic acid (KA) increases nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) production in the rat dentate gyrus (DG) and hippocampus (CA3), and NOS inhibition [(by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME)] modulates the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-responsive gene, activity-dependent neuroprotective protein, and alters neuro- and astrogliogenesis (Cosgrave et al. in ...
Kwon Ronald Y - - 2010
Primary cilia are chemosensing and mechanosensing organelles that regulate remarkably diverse processes in a variety of cells. We previously showed that primary cilia play a role in mediating mechanosensing in bone cells through an unknown mechanism that does not involve extracellular Ca(2+)-dependent intracellular Ca(2+) release, which has been implicated in ...
Horiuchi Makoto - - 2010
NG2 chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan is a surface marker of oligodendroglial progenitor cells (OPCs) in various species. In contrast to well-studied rat OPCs, however, we found that purified mouse NG2 surface positive cells (NG2(+) cells) require additional activation of cyclic AMP (cAMP) signaling for survival in a medium containing 30% B104 ...
Caron Joachim J Université Paris-Sud, Faculté de Pharmacie, UMR CNRS 8076, 5 rue J.-B. Clément, 92296 Châtenay-Malabry, - - 2010
4-(N)-1,1',2-trisnor-squalenoyldideoxycytidine monophosphate (SQddC-MP) and 4-(N)-1,1',2-trisnor-squalenoylgemcitabine monophosphate (SQdFdC-MP) were synthesized using phosphoramidite chemistry. These amphiphilic molecules self-assembled to about hundred nanometers size nanoassemblies in aqueous medium. Nanoassemblies of SQddC-MP displayed significant anti-HIV activity whereas SQdFdC-MP nanoassemblies displayed promising anticancer activity on leukemia cells. These results suggested that squalene conjugate of negatively ...
Biondi C - - 2010
Cyclic adenosine 3'-5'-monophosphate (cAMP) is a second messenger, which exerts an important role in the control of human first-trimester trophoblast functions. In the present study we demonstrate the existence of a mechanism that is able to extrude cAMP from trophoblast-derived cell lines, and show evidence indicating the involvement of multidrug ...
- - 2010
John D. Currey, Paul D. Baxter and Jonathan W. Pitchford (2009) Significance and importance: some common misapprehensions about statistics. Cell Biochemistry & Function 2009; 27: 499-502. DOI: 10.1002/cbf.1620.
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