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Results 251 - 300 of 1463
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Takai Noriyuki - - 2008
Bufalin is a traditional Chinese medicine and it induces apoptosis in certain human tumor cell lines. We investigated the effect of bufalin on three endometrial cancer cell lines, two ovarian cancer cell lines, and on normal human endometrial epithelial cells. Endometrial and ovarian cancer cells were treated with various concentrations ...
Pandey Vijay - - 2008
Recent published data have demonstrated elevated levels of human GH (hGH) in endometriosis and endometrial adenocarcinoma. Herein, we demonstrate that autocrine production of hGH can enhance the in vitro and in vivo oncogenic potential of endometrial carcinoma cells. Forced expression of hGH in endometrial carcinoma cell lines RL95-2 and AN3 ...
Dallard Bibliana E - - 2008
Agents that increase natural protective mechanisms have been proposed for prevention and treatment of intramammary infections. The objective of this study was to describe the effects of a single intramammary infusion of a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-based biological response modifier (BRM) on cellular death mechanism in uninfected and Staphylococcus aureus-infected bovine mammary ...
Takai Noriyuki - - 2008
The furanosylated indolocarbazole K252a belongs to a family of microbial alkaloids that also includes staurosporine, which is known to inhibit proliferation, stimulate apoptosis and induce the cell cycle arrest of cancer cells. To elucidate the involvement of K252a in endometrial cancer, we investigated the effects of K252a on three endometrial ...
Ishikawa Atsuko - - 2008
The keratinocyte factor (KGF) and its receptor (KGFR) are implicated in tissue development and repair. We studied the expression and functions of KGF and KGFR in association with estrogen and progesterone in human endometrial tissues and cells. In non-cancerous human endometrial tissues in the secretory phase, a strong immunoreactivity of ...
Li GuoHua - - 2008
Decidualization is accompanied by extensive angiogenesis, which is an essential step in the maturation of new blood vessels in mammalian pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to determine a distribution of uNK cells (CD56(+) uNK or CD56(bright) cells) in human decidua of the first-trimester pregnancy, and investigate whether uNK ...
Bailey Caleb M CM Children's Memorial Research Center, 2300 Children's Plaza, Box 222, Chicago, IL 60614-3394, - - 2008
Interferon regulatory factor 6 (IRF6) is a novel and unique member of the IRF family of transcription factors. IRF6 has not been linked to the regulatory pathways or functions associated with other IRF family members, and the regulation and function of IRF6 remain unknown. We recently identified a protein interaction ...
Bredhult C - - 2008
The endocrine disrupting chemical o, p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) can affect reproductive organs, tissues and cells in several species. Treatment of human endometrial endothelial cells (HEECs) with 50 microM o,p'-DDT decreased their proliferation compared with the control. Microarray analyses revealed that o,p'-DDT affected biological processes such as the cell cycle, cell division, ...
Yonezawa Tomo - - 2008
GPR40 has recently been identified as a G protein-coupled cell-surface receptor for long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs). The mRNA of the bovine ortholog of GPR40 (bGPR40) was detected by RT-PCR in cloned bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMEC) and in the bovine mammary gland at various stages of lactation. Oleate and linoleate ...
Ohta Kuniaki - - 2008
Prolonged exposure to unopposed estrogen in the absence of progesterone gives rise to endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma. Post-ovulatory progesterone is necessary for the proper growth and differentiation of endometrial epithelial cells (EECs). Progesterone exposure induces the endometrial production of numerous bioactive substances, one of which is the glycoprotein, glycodelin (Gd). ...
Melchor Lorenzo - - 2008
In recent years, the mammary gland epithelium has been shown to be a mixture of differentiated cell populations in a hierarchical relationship with their stem and progenitor cells. However, the mechanisms that regulate their cellular differentiation processes are still unclear. The identification of genes that govern stem and progenitor cell ...
Asselin-Labat M-L - - 2008
Reconstitution assays have shown that mouse mammary stem cells reside within the mature mammary gland in vivo. Single cells could be prospectively isolated and shown to regenerate an entire mammary gland that exhibited full developmental capacity. The more recent identification of luminal progenitor populations has indicated that the mammary epithelium ...
Brill B - - 2008
Transplantation of epithelial cells into cleared fat pads is a widely used technique in the study of mammary gland biology. It was first described in 1959 and has remained a valuable technique, most recently in conjunction with the analysis of mammary anlagen from knockout mice with an embryonic lethal phenotype ...
Kendrick Howard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Understanding the molecular control of cell lineages and fate determination in complex tissues is key to not only understanding the developmental biology and cellular homeostasis of such tissues but also for our understanding and interpretation of the molecular pathology of diseases such as cancer. The prerequisite for such an ...
Vouyovitch Cécile M - - 2008
Human growth hormone (hGH) is expressed by mammary epithelial cells and associated with proliferative disorders of the human breast. Our goal is to characterize the paracrine effects of hGH on morphological and functional changes of mammary carcinoma cells using MCF7 cells stably transfected with the hGH gene (MCFhGH). To identify ...
Donofrio Gaetano - - 2008
The endometrium is central to mammalian fertility. The endometrial stromal cells are very dynamic, growing and differentiating throughout the estrous cycle and pregnancy. In humans, stromal cells appear to have progenitor or stem cell capabilities and the cells can even differentiate into bone. It is not clear whether bovine endometrial ...
Rafii Arash - - 2008
The microenvironment plays a major role in the onset and progression of metastasis. Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) tends to metastasize to the peritoneal cavity where interactions within the microenvironment might lead to chemoresistance. Mesothelial cells are important actors of the peritoneal homeostasis; we determined their role in the acquisition of ...
Wang Weihan W Department of Pathology, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, - - 2008
The response of mammary epithelial cells to basement membrane and stroma induced signals contributes to the degree of differentiation in this tissue. The studies reported here indicate that connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is highly elevated during lactogenic differentiation of the HC11 mouse mammary epithelial cell line. In addition, CTGF ...
Smart Chanel E - - 2008
Tumours arising in BRCA1 mutation carriers have a characteristic phenotype, the molecular and cellular basis of which is unknown. To address the hypothesis that this phenotype reflects a role for BRCA1 in either in the basal or the stem cell compartments of the mammary epithelia, we have targeted its disruption ...
Ohira, Shusaku
Tumor-stromal interactions are important for the progression of malignant tumors. The purpose of the present study was to examine interactions of cholangiocarcinoma (CC) cells and stromal fibroblasts with respect to stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1. Two cell lines of CC (HuCCT-1 and CCKS-1) and WI-38 fibroblast cell ...
Shi Weiyun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To evaluate antifungal chemotherapy in patients with fungal keratitis guided by in vivo confocal microscopy. METHODS: A total of 121 patients (121 eyes) with fungal keratitis were enrolled in this study. Confocal microscopy was performed in real time after topical and/or oral antifungal chemotherapy. Hyphal density and morphology, composition ...
Lanigan F - - 2007
During its lifetime, the mammary gland undergoes many phases of development and differentiation. Much of this occurs during puberty, when the ductal epithelium expands by branching morphogenesis, invading the surrounding fat pad to form an organised mammary tree. Throughout its existence, the epithelium will go through several cycles of proliferation ...
Nukumi Naoko - - 2007
Whey acidic protein (WAP) is a major whey protein in milk that has structural similarity to the family of serine protease inhibitors with WAP motif domains characterized by a four-disulfide core. We previously reported that enforced expression of the mouse WAP transgene in mammary epithelial cells inhibits their proliferation in ...
Banu Sakhila K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether immortalized endometriotic cells can be used as potential models to unravel pathophysiology/pathogenesis of endometriosis in humans. DESIGN: In vitro study. Human immortalized endometriotic epithelial and stromal cells. SETTING: College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University. PATIENT(S): Not applicable. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Wang Peng P Department of Biological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, - - 2008
MUC1, a type I transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on most epithelia and many cancer cells, is involved in embryo implantation and tumor progression. A series of antibodies directed against the MUC1 ectodomain have been used to study MUC1 expression in the female reproductive tract, sometimes with apparently contradictory results. In the ...
Norimatsu Yoshiaki - - 2008
The purpose of the current study was to examine the use of thin-layer cytologic (TLC) preparation compared to conventional cytologic preparation (CCP) in the normal endometrium (proliferative, secretory, atrophic) and endometrial glandular and stromal breakdown (EGBD). During a 6-month period, we compiled 158 cases by collecting a direct endometrial sample ...
Kutsukake Masahiko - - 2007
Uterine decidualization is crucial for successful implantation and the establishment of pregnancy. In the present study, the expression of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-related protein 1 (IGFBP-rP1) in the human uterus and endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) and its physiological significance in decidualization were examined. IGFBP-rP1 protein was localized in the ...
Keating Aileen F - - 2008
The effects of the primary biologically active conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers (cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12; 15-150microM) on growth and survival of the bovine mammary cell-line, Mac-T, were evaluated using cell enumeration and TUNEL assay. Previous studies have shown that high concentrations of CLA induced severe milk fat depression ...
Nieuwenhuizen, Lauren
To determine the prevalence of goblet cell metaplasia in endocervical and endometrial adenocarcinomas by histochemial staining and to investigate the most sensitive histochemical staining method to detect this metaplasia, a total of 90 tissue blocks representing 30 non-neoplastic cervix, 30 non-neoplastic endometrium, 30 endocervical and endometrial adenocarcinoma cases were obtained ...
Zhao X - - 2008
Mastitis, an inflammatory reaction of the mammary gland that is usually caused by a microbial infection, is recognized as the most costly disease in dairy cattle. Decreased milk production accounts for approximately 70% of the total cost of mastitis. Mammary tissue damage reduces the number and activity of epithelial cells ...
Jester James V - - 2007
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that rabbit corneal keratocytes abundantly express two water-soluble proteins, transketolase (TKT) and aldehyde dehydrogenase class 1A1 (ALDH1A1), in vivo and that these proteins may contribute to corneal transparency at the cellular level. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the expression ...
Liao Mai-Jing - - 2007
The identification of mammary gland stem cells (MGSC) or progenitors is important for the study of normal breast development and tumorigenesis. Based on their immunophenotype, we have isolated a population of mouse mammary gland cells that are capable of forming "mammospheres" in vitro. Importantly, mammospheres are enriched for cells that ...
Netto Marcelo V MV The Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, - - 2007
To examine early postoperative wound healing in rabbit corneas that had LASIK flaps formed with three different models (15 KHz, 30 KhZ, and 60 KHz) of a femtosecond laser compared with flaps formed with a microkeratome. Thirty-nine rabbit eyes were randomized to receive either no surgery or corneal flaps formed ...
Leocata P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aberrant Wingless type 1 glycoprotein (Wnt) pathway in ameloblastomas and a role of syndecan-1 (SDC1) in activating Wnt signalling were perspected. SDC1 shifting from epithelium to stroma was reported in invasive non-odontogenic neoplasms. The aim of this study was to reveal the role of SDC1 and Wnt1 in intraosseous ...
Julianelli Vanina L - - 2007
Interaction between parenchyma and stroma is essential for organogenesis, morphogenesis, and differentiation. Mammary gland has being the chosen model for developmental biologist because the most striking changes in morphology and function take place after birth. We have demonstrated a regulation of triglyceride accumulation by protein factors synthesized by normal mouse ...
Bratincsák András - - 2007
The uterine endometrium is composed of epithelial and stromal cells, which undergo extensive degeneration and regeneration in every estrous cycle, and dramatic changes occur during pregnancy. The high turnover of cells requires a correspondingly high level of cell division by progenitor cells in the uterus, but the character and source ...
Izawa Masao - - 2008
To examine the molecular basis of aromatase expression in stromal cell culture from endometriotic chocolate cysts. Prospective study. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Department of Biosignaling, Tottori University, Yonago Japan. Thirty women, selected randomly, who underwent laparoscopy (n = 18) or laparotomy (n = 12). Endometrial and endometriotic stromal ...
Jamshidi Ahmad A - - 2007
Oxytocin receptor (OTR) expression is suppressed by progesterone (P4) during the luteal phase of the estrous cycle and then it increases at the time of luteolysis, but its regulation is still not completely understood. The objective of this work was to characterize P4 metabolism by endometrial cells in vitro and ...
Mörwald Helene - - 2007
Expression of prion protein has been reported for a variety of cell types including neuronal cells, haematopoietic stem cells, lymphocytes, fibroblasts, and epithelial cells. However, the characterization of the physiological roles exhibited by this protein is still in progress and multiple biological functions have been described to date. In this ...
Wahl, Geoffrey
We are developing a genetic system to identify isolate and characterize mammary stem cells. Our system consists of both activator and reporter components. The activator component is dependent both on Wnt signaling which is essential for mammary gland development and on doxycycline to toggle the system on and off. The ...
Alexander, Caroline M.
We propose that mammary stem cells could be involved in tumor development in either of two ways. The first is that altered function could change the course of development, and affect the susceptibility to transformation in adult life. We have found and characterized a model to test this hypothesis, and ...
Desrivières Sylvane - - 2007
The progression of stem cells to proliferating progenitor cells and finally to a quiescent differentiated state is a hallmark of organ development. This process proceeds through distinct steps and is regulated through cell-cell interactions and by systemically and locally acting factors. We have established a cell culture system which recapitulates ...
Ashagbley, Anthony J.
The hypothesis that ethanolamine deficiency alters the membrane phospholipid composition to such an extent that transduction of growth factor signals is inhibited was examined in two ethanolamine-responsive normal human cell lines, epidermal keratinocytes and mammary epithelial cells. Incubation of keratinocytes and human mammary epithelial cells in media without ethanolamine resulted ...
KUROSAKI, Ryo
Objectives: The present study aimed to clarify the definitions and histogenesis of ovarian-type stroma (OTS) in mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) of the pancreas. Methods: Expression and density of cells positive for estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) were immunohistochemically studied in 16 MCNs (6 adenomas, 10 carcinomas), 22 intraductal ...
Albitar Lina - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Endometrial cancer models are critical to the advancement of investigation, and Ishikawa H and Hec50co cells have been used as research tools. The purpose of these studies is to verify the degree to which these commonly used cell models share the molecular characteristics of the two major in vivo ...
Hou Zhen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of interleukin-1 receptor type II (IL-1RII) in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. DESIGN: Cultures of endometrial cells exposed to soluble IL-1RII or the recombinant adenovirus of IL-1RII (rAd-RII). SETTING: Gynecology clinic and human reproduction research laboratory. PATIENT(S): Women with endometriosis undergoing hysterectomy. INTERVENTION(S): Cell culture media ...
Selicharová Irena - - 2007
We performed a 2-DE analysis of proteins of the newly established spontaneously immortalized clonal cell line EM-G3 derived from a primary lesion of infiltrating ductal breast carcinoma. EM-G3 cells may represent progenitors of the mammary epithelial cells spontaneously immortalized in early phase of cancerogenesis. We compared the protein profile of ...
Novin Marefat Ghaffari - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The importance of extra cellular matrix (ECM) in development and function of different cells has been reported but little is known about its role in human endometrial epithelial cells. The aim of the present study was to examine effects of artificial ECM (Matrigel) and progesterone on the function and ...
Almeida R A - - 2007
Penethamate hydriodide was highly effective in killing Streptococcus uberis, Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae and Staphylococcus aureus that internalized mammary epithelial cells. At higher concentrations (32 microg/mL to 32 mg/mL), killing rates ranged from 85% to 100%. At lower concentrations (0.032 microg/mL to 3.2 microg/mL), killing rates ranged from 0 to ...
Cheng You-Hong - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In endometrium, stromal progesterone receptors mediate production of paracrine factors, which enhance binding of the transcription factor specific protein-1 to the promoter of the gene encoding the 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 enzyme responsible for converting biologically active estradiol to estrone in epithelium. The objective of this study is to ...
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