Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1464
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Das Sanjoy K - - 2009
Uterine stromal cell decidualization is integral to successful embryo implantation, which is a gateway to pregnancy establishment. This process is characterized by stromal cell proliferation and differentiation into decidual cells with polyploidy. The molecular mechanisms that are involved in these events remain poorly understood. The current concept is that locally ...
Rosa-e-Silva Julio Cesar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the pattern of cell proliferation and apoptosis of eutopic and ectopic endometrium in rabbits after endometrium implantation for the experimental induction of endometriosis. DESIGN: Animal experimental study. SETTING: Sector of experimental surgery. ANIMAL(S): Twenty-female New Zealand rabbits. INTERVENTION(S): All animals underwent laparotomy for endometriosis induction by resection ...
Uzan C - - 2009
A role for the EGF system, in particular HER1 and 2, in growth of the endometrium has been suggested but HER1 and 2 have not been studied in all locations of endometriosis and in ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma (OEC) which is a rare form of malignant transformation of endometriosis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) ...
Collins Loretta L LL Department of Environmental Medicine, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY, - - 2009
Mammary gland growth and differentiation during pregnancy is a developmental process that is sensitive to the toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). TCDD is a widespread environmental contaminant and a potent ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). We demonstrate reduced beta-casein protein induction in mouse mammary glands and in cultured ...
Schneider-Yin Xiaoye - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The in vitro experiments described in this study were aimed at exploring a synergistic effect between 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) induced protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) and hypericin. In a previous study, enhanced phototoxicity was observed in a patient during a clinical study on 5-ALA-based photodynamic tumor localization of breast cancer. This ...
Li Q - - 2009
This retrospective study investigated CD34, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) expression in stromal cells of cervical intraepithelial neoplasias (CINs; n = 30), invasive cervical squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs; n = 38) and adjacent normal cervix. Normal cervix and CINs contained diffuse CD34-positive stromal cells but no ...
Ortiz-Colón G - - 2009
Understanding preadipocyte differentiation in economically important adipose depots will facilitate efforts to selectively increase intramuscular (i.m.) lipid accretion in cattle. The objectives of this study were to determine if glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression differs among bovine stromal-vascular (S-V) cells derived from i.m., subcutaneous (s.c.), and peri-renal (p.r.) adipose tissue, and ...
Cowan Robert W - - 2009
The characteristic bone destruction in giant cell tumour of bone (GCT) is largely attributed to the osteoclast-like giant cells. However, experimental analyses of bone resorption by cells from GCT often fail to exclude the neoplastic spindle-like stromal cells, and several studies have demonstrated that bone resorption by GCT cells is ...
Kane Nicole - - 2009
The endometrial lining of the human uterus contains a population of phenotypically distinct (CD56(bright), CD16(dim)), tissue-specific, natural killer [uterine natural killer (uNK)] cells that play a key role in the establishment of a successful pregnancy. An increase in the number of endometrial uNK cells occurs when the conceptus implants, and ...
Kim Sung Hoon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: P21-activated kinase 1 (Pak1) integrates various signaling pathways that are vital to cell survival and function. This study was performed to evaluate whether sex steroids may regulate the expression of Pak1 in endometrial cells as well as whether its expression is increased in the eutopic endometrium of women with ...
Vaz-Silva J - - 2009
Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) is one of the major active components of the renin-angiotensin system, produced from cleavage of Ang II by angiotensin-converting-enzyme type 2 (ACE2), which acts through a specific G protein-coupled receptor, Mas. We have investigated whether the human endometrium expresses these components during menstrual cycle. By radioimmunoassay, Ang-(1-7) was ...
Patel Dilip - - 2009
Streptococcus uberis, an environmental mastitis pathogen, is an important causative agent of mastitis in dairy cattle throughout the world. Research from our laboratory demonstrated that bovine lactoferrin (LF), a whey protein present in milk and nonlactating cow mammary secretions, significantly enhanced adherence of S. uberis to mammary epithelial cells in ...
Starvaggi Cucuzza L - - 2010
Silymarin, a naturally acknowledged hepatoprotector used in humans to treat liver diseases has been tested in murine (HC11) and bovine (BME-UV) mammary epithelial cell lines to evaluate a possible direct effect on cell growth and differentiation in mammary gland. Silymarin enhanced cell proliferation (p < 0.05) from 10 to 1000 ...
Gauger Kelly J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Wnt family of secreted proteins is implicated in the regulation of cell fate during development, as well as in cell proliferation, morphology, and migration. Aberrant activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway leads to the development of several human cancers, including breast cancer. Secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) antagonizes ...
Cohen Marie - - 2009
Proliferation, migration, and invasion of trophoblastic cells into the maternal endometrium are essential steps of human embryo implantation and placentation. Trophoblast invasion is normally limited in time (first trimester) and space (to the endometrium and to the proximal third of myometrium). Temporal and spatial regulation of trophoblast invasion is mediated ...
de Sousa Damião Rievani - - 2009
Objective. The aim was to assess the intraperitoneal spread of endometrial cells during hysteroscopy. Study Design. Seventy-six women were submitted to a hysteroscopy with CO(2) under a low pressure. Group 1 had not previous diagnosis of endometrial cancer, and group 2 had previous diagnosis of endometrial cancer (stage I-92.3%). Two ...
Park Sanghui - - 2009
AIMS: Toker cells (TCs) are normal components of the nipple epidermis. Because of their morphological and immunohistochemical similarities to mammary Paget cells (PCs), their presence may lead to a mistaken diagnosis of Paget's disease. The objective of this study was to identify immunohistochemical markers that are able to distinguish TCs ...
Dumont Nancy - - 2009
We have previously identified a rare subpopulation of variant human mammary epithelial cells (vHMEC) with repressed p16INK4A that exist in disease-free women yet display premalignant properties, suggesting that they have engaged the process of malignant transformation. In order to gain insight into the molecular alterations required for vHMEC to progress ...
Matsuzaki Sachiko - - 2009
Endometriosis, a common gynecological disorder responsible for infertility and pelvic pain, is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma within extra-uterine sites. Gene expression studies performed on endometriotic tissue homogenates have yielded results reflecting mRNA abundance in a mixture of cell types (including epithelial cells, stromal cells, fibrotic ...
Quaglino Ana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Shortly after weaning, a complex multi-step process that leads to massive epithelial apoptosis is triggered by tissue local factors in the mouse mammary gland. Several reports have demonstrated the relevance of mechanical stress to induce adaptive responses in different cell types. Interestingly, these signaling pathways also participate in mammary ...
Recavarren Rosemary A - - 2009
The significance of association between cancer and its microenvironment has been increasingly recognized. It has been shown in animal models that interaction between neoplastic epithelial cells and adjacent stroma can modulate tumor behavior. Carcinoma associated stromal cells can transform normal epithelial cells into neoplastic cells. In breast, columnar cell lesions ...
Fernandez-Gonzalez Rodrigo R Department of Cancer Biology, Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA 94720, - - 2009
We have built a novel computational microscopy platform that integrates image acquisition, storage, processing and analysis to study cell populations in situ. This platform allows high-content studies where multiple features are measured and linked at multiple scales. We used this approach to study the cellular composition and architecture of the ...
Herath Shan - - 2009
Escherichia coli infection of the endometrium causes uterine disease after parturition and is associated with prolonged luteal phases of the ovarian cycle in cattle. Termination of the luteal phase is initiated by prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF) from oxytocin-stimulated endometrial epithelial cells. Compared with normal animals, the peripheral plasma of animals with ...
Hrzenjak A - - 2008
Endometrial stromal sarcomas are rare and molecular mechanisms involved in their pathogenesis are poorly understood. Covalent modifications of histone proteins, in particular de/acetylation of lysine residues, play an important role in the regulation of gene transcription in normal and neoplastic cells, but there are only limited data about these processes ...
Hagiwara Haruo - - 2008
Stromal cells in the lamina propria of the human oviduct mucosa are unique cells that can differentiate into decidual cells during ectopic pregnancy in the oviduct. The nature of stromal cells is still unknown. In the present study, we investigated human oviductal stromal cells with transmission electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry ...
Manickam Ravikumar - - 2008
GDF-8 is recognised as an inhibitor of muscle cell growth and differentiation. Although initially thought to be restricted to muscle cells it is now accepted that GDF-8 expression has a broader tissue distribution. We demonstrate GDF-8 expression in the mouse mammary gland, which is predominantly associated with epithelial cells and ...
Khorram Omid - - 2010
To determine the direct effects of cigarette smoke (CS) on human endometrial surface epithelial cell line proliferation. In vitro study using HES cells and primary human endometrial cells. University-based academic center. Premenopausal women in the proliferative phase of the cycle. The HES cells and primary human endometrial cells were exposed ...
Chrobak Agnieszka - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether sphingosine analogues, which activate the ceramide signaling pathway to apoptosis, can cause the death of ectopic (EEC) and eutopic stromal endometriotic cells (EEU), as well as healthy eutopic stromal endometrial cells (HEU). DESIGN: The EEC, EEU, and HEU isolated from fertile and infertile women with endometriosis ...
Zhu X M - - 2009
The regulation of trophoblast cell invasion is a crucial aspect of implantation and placental development. Evidence indicates that the uterine microenvironment exerts important influence over trophoblast cell invasion. However, the precise effect of decidual cells on trophoblast cell invasion remained unidentified. In the present study, a cell line representative of ...
Marshall Aaron M - - 2009
As demonstrated by a variety of animal studies, barrier function in the mammary epithelium is essential for a fully functioning and differentiated gland. However, there is a paucity of information on barrier function in human mammary epithelium. Here, we have established characteristics of a polarizing differentiating model of human mammary ...
LaBarge Mark A MA Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Division of Life Sciences, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2009
In adult tissues, multi-potent progenitor cells are some of the most primitive members of the developmental hierarchies that maintain homeostasis. That progenitors and their more mature progeny share identical genomes, suggests that fate decisions are directed by interactions with extrinsic soluble factors, ECM, and other cells, as well as physical ...
Subbaramaiah Kotha - - 2008
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and Id-1 are overexpressed in a variety of human malignancies. Recently, each of these genes was found to play a role in mediating breast cancer metastasis to the lungs, but their potential interdependence was not evaluated. Hence, the main objective of the current study was to determine whether ...
Oh Kyoung-Jin - - 2008
Decidualization of human endometrial stromal (ES) cells plays a critical role in successful uterine implantation. Therefore, monitoring of the behavior of human ES cells may provide the clue for early detection of a uterine abnormality such as sterility and abortion. Monitoring of decidualization in vitro cell culture system fundamentally depends ...
Krishnaswamy Narayanan - - 2009
Interferon-tau (IFNtau) is the embryonic signal responsible for pregnancy recognition in ruminants. The primary action of IFNtau is believed to be mediated through inhibition of prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) released from the endometrial epithelial cells in response to oxytocin (OT). Our working hypothesis was that the antiluteolytic effect of IFNtau also ...
Zhao M T - - 2009
The combination of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and transgenic technology leads to the production of transgenic cloned animals, wherein the preparation of competent transgenic donor cells is the pivotal upstream step. The purpose of this study was to establish an efficient procedure to prepare human lactoferrin (hLTF) transgenic donor ...
Takai Noriyuki - - 2008
A membrane-targeted, lipophilic ether lipid of synthetic phospholipid analog, erucylphosphocholine (ErPC) induces apoptosis in some lines of human tumor cells. We investigated the effect of ErPC on three endometrial cancer cell lines, two ovarian cancer cell lines, and normal human endometrial epithelial cells. Endometrial and ovarian cancer cells were treated ...
Tanikawa Michiyo - - 2009
Interleukin (IL)-1alpha is a potent stimulator of prostaglandin production in bovine endometrium, and IL-1 affects plasminogen activator (PA) activity in several types of cells. In this study, we determined the effects of IL-1alpha and IL-1beta on production of the prostaglandins PGF(2alpha) and PGE(2) and on PA activity in cultured bovine ...
Hirota Yasushi - - 2009
IL-1, secreted by human embryos and trophoblast cells, is important for successful implantation and pregnancy. We previously reported that IL-1beta induced IL-8 production in human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) and that induction was regulated by substances implicated in implantation. In the present study using human primary cells in culture, we ...
Kong B - - 2008
The effects of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) selective inhibitors on the proliferation of ectopic endometrial stromal cells in vitro were investigated. Ectopic endometrial stromal cells were treated with either celecoxib or nimesulide for 24 and 48 h. The results showed that (i) both celecoxib and nimesulide inhibited the proliferation of ectopic ...
Alenzi Faris Q - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis are essential processes in the normal functions of the mammary epithelium. The hypothesis examined in this study is that BCL-6 is critically important not only for regulating B cell growth and development, but also for influencing mammary epithelial apoptosis. METHODOLOGY: Full length BCL-6 cDNA was ...
Wollenhaupt K - - 2008
The molecular mechanisms that control the mycotoxin-mediated effects in porcine endometrial cells are far from being completely understood. Recent results show that they could inhibit cell proliferation. The present study investigated the effects of the mycotoxin alternariol (AOH) on the viability of porcine endometrial cells. In this context, the abundance ...
Shan Liang - - 2008
We have developed an image-based technique for signal pathway analysis, target validation, and compound screening related to mammary epithelial cell differentiation. This technique used the advantages of optical imaging and the HC11-Lux model system. The HC11-Lux cell line is a subclone of HC11 mammary epithelial cells transfected stably with a ...
Kopera I - - 2009
Epididymides from nine crossbred male pigs [Polish Landrace x (Duroc x Pietrain)] (n = 3 per each group) were used in this study to show whether there are any differences between androgen receptor (AR) distribution along epididymal duct of a GnRH agonist deslorelin-treated boars when compared to the control tissues. ...
Watson C J - - 2008
The Stat family of transcription factors have diverse roles in mammary gland development. Genetic studies in mice have revealed an essential requirement for Stat5a in development of secretory alveolar cells during pregnancy while Stat6, which is normally associated with differentiation of T helper cells, is important in the commitment of ...
Silva L F P - - 2008
High energy intake and excessive body fatness impair mammogenesis in prepubertal ruminants. High energy intake and excessive fatness also increase serum leptin. Our objective was to determine if an infusion of leptin decreases proliferation of mammary epithelial cells of prepubertal heifers in vivo. Ovine leptin at 100 microg/ quarter per ...
Starvaggi Cucuzza L - - 2008
Echinacea spp. are popularly used as an herbal medicine or food supplement for enhancing the immune system and activating biological property in different tissues. In this study we show the biological effect of Echinacea augustifolia extract on cell viability and cell differentiation in mammary epithelial cell lines. These effects have ...
Ohishi Yoshihiro - - 2008
The major differential diagnostic problem presented by atypical polypoid adenomyofibroma (atypical polypoid adenomyoma) (APA), which usually affects young women, is the exclusion of well-differentiated endometrial carcinoma invading the myometrium. This distinction, however, is of great clinical importance from the standpoint of treatment because reproductive conservation is feasible for patients with ...
Götte M - - 2008
Adult stem cells are thought to be responsible for the high regenerative capacity of the human endometrium, and have been implicated in the pathology of endometriosis and endometrial carcinoma. The RNA-binding protein Musashi-1 is associated with maintenance and asymmetric cell division of neural and epithelial progenitor cells. We investigated expression ...
Matsumoto Hironori - - 2008
Progesterone is known to induce decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells in vitro. Decidualized stromal cells produce insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) as well as prolactin (PRL). In this study, we tested the possibility that IGFBP-1 directly stimulates endometrial stromal cell decidualization. Endometrial stromal cells were obtained from normal ...
Lu Pengfei P Department of Anatomy and Program in Developmental Biology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0452, - - 2008
FGF signaling is associated with breast cancer and is required for mammary placode formation in the mouse. In this study, we employed a genetic mosaic analysis based on Cre-mediated recombination to investigate FGF receptor 2 (Fgfr2) function in the postnatal mammary gland. Mosaic inactivation of Fgfr2 by the MMTV-Cre transgene ...
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