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Tang Jian-Zhong - - 2010
Increased activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-5 has been reported in various malignancies including mammary carcinoma. However, it is only recently that potentially distinct roles of STAT5A and STAT5B in neoplasia have begun to emerge. Herein we systematically delineate the functions of STAT5A and STAT5B in human ...
Fluhr Herbert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of unfractionated heparin and low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) on the decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) in vitro. DESIGN: In vitro experiment. SETTING: Research laboratory at a medical university center. PATIENT(S): Premenopausal women undergoing hysterectomy for benign reasons. INTERVENTION(S): The ESCs were isolated from hysterectomy ...
Aboussahoud Wedad - - 2010
In mammals, Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are the principal family of innate immune pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). The main function for TLRs is the detection of molecular patterns associated with invading pathogens. We investigated TLR expression and function in three established human endometrial epithelial cell lines, including hTERT-EEC, HEC-1B and Ishikawa ...
Norimatsu Yoshiaki - - 2009
The aim of this study was undertaken to clarify the cytological characteristic of the "condensed clusters of stromal cells," which may be recognized in endometrial glandular and stromal breakdown (EGBD) cases. The material consists of 60 cases of cytologic smears for which histopathological diagnosis was obtained by endometrial curettage; they ...
Taylor Renea A - - 2009
During development, cell differentiation is accompanied by the progressive loss of pluripotent gene expression and developmental potential, although de-differentiation in specialized cells can be induced by reprogramming strategies, indicating that transdifferentiation potential is retained in adult cells. The stromal niche provides differentiating cues to epithelial stem cells (SCs), but current ...
Reddy Jay P - - 2009
We have reported the use of the RCAS-TVA system to model sporadic tumorigenesis upon oncogenic activation in somatic mammary epithelial cells in the mouse. Here we review the advantages of this approach as compared to conventional mouse models with transgenic oncogene expression. We also in detail describe the RCAS-TVA method ...
Booth Brian W - - 2010
Amphiregulin (AREG), a ligand for epidermal growth factor receptor, is required for mammary gland ductal morphogenesis and mediates estrogen actions in vivo, emerging as an essential growth factor during mammary gland growth and differentiation. The COMMA-D beta-geo (CDbetageo) mouse mammary cell line displays characteristics of normal mammary progenitor cells including ...
De Matteis Rita - - 2009
Grafts of adipose tissue from adult Rosa26 mice from different sites of the body, irrespective of the sex of the donor, share with the mammary fat the property of giving rise to milk-secreting epithelial cells when exposed to the microenvironment of the mammary gland in pregnant and lactating females. To ...
Wahl Heather - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The differential metabolic phenotype observed between malignant and non-transformed cells may constitute a biochemical basis for therapeutic intervention. Increased glucose uptake is one of the major metabolic changes found in malignant tumors, a process that is mediated by glucose transporters such as Glut1. Cellular growth can be regulated by ...
Lee Sheau-Ling - - 2010
The epithelial-derived, type II transmembrane serine protease matriptase, the mouse homologue of which is epithin, has been shown to be involved in epidermal differentiation, hair formation, and thymus function. We show in this study that epithin/matriptase (Epi/MTP) plays a significant role in mammary epithelial cell growth and morphogenesis. Epi/MTP is ...
Klinkova Olga - - 2010
Immune system cells and cells of the endometrium have long been proposed to interact in both physiological and pathological processes. The current study was undertaken to examine communication between cultured monocytes and endometrial stromal cells and also to assess responses of endometrial stromal cells for treatment with estradiol (E) in ...
Taibi Gennaro - - 2009
The retinoic acid deficiency in breast tumour epithelial cells has been ascribed to an insufficient expression of either the enzyme(s) involved in its biosynthesis or the cellular retinol binding protein (CRBP) or both. In an attempt to define the mechanisms underpinning retinoic acid deficiency in these cell model systems, we ...
Weiler Stéphanie - - 2009
The family of Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and their membrane bound ligands, the ephrins, are involved in a wide variety of morphogenic processes during embryonic development and adult tissue homeostasis. Receptor-ligand interaction requires direct cell-cell contact and results in forward and reverse signaling originating from the receptor and ligand, respectively. ...
Pecorini Chiara - - 2009
Lactoferrin is synthesized by glandular epithelial cells and neutrophils and is also present on both sides of the mammary epithelium. We have studied the origin of lactoferrin detected in the various compartments of mouse mammary tissue. As revealed by immunogold electron microscopy, lactoferrin is present in mammary epithelial cells and ...
Dessauge F - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of ovariectomy on mammary gland development in prepubertal goats and to validate this model to study mammogenesis in young dairy ruminants. In this experiment, 3 months of aged goats were ovariectomized (ovx) while shammed goats played as surgery controls (sham). ...
Ben Chedly H - - 2009
Milk stasis in the mammary gland is a situation that induces a reduction in milk yield and a change in its composition. Theses changes could be related to a decrease in the number and/or activity of secretory cells. Previous observations showed that a disruption of cell junctions is one of ...
Wang Xiuli - - 2009
Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions play an important role in regulating normal tissue development as well as tumor development for the mammary gland, but much is yet to uncover to reach a full understanding of their complexity. To address this issue, the establishment of relevant, surrogate, three-dimensional (3D) human tissue culture models is ...
Nakatani Hajime - - 2010
Mammary stromal adipose tissue remodeling is important for appropriate mammary gland development during pregnancy, lactation, and involution. However, the precise mechanisms underlying mammary stromal adipose tissue remodeling remain unclear. We have established a mammary stromal, fibroblastlike cell line (MSF) from primary mouse mammary culture by introducing a temperature-sensitive simian virus-40 ...
Yu Chi - - 2010
CXC chemokines are potential attractants for polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) and play an important role in resistance to infectious diseases, such as bovine mastitis. In this study, a bovine mammary epithelial cell line (MAC-T) and blood PMNs were stimulated with bacterial cell wall components of gram negative and gram positive bacteria, ...
Mastroianni Melissa - - 2010
The interaction of estrogen with the estrogen receptor (ER, principally ERalpha) induces growth of human breast tumor cells. In contrast, ERalpha-positive cells have been described as non-dividing cells in normal breast (though estrogen stimulation of ERalpha cells directs the division of neighboring cells). However, there is a small sub-population of ...
Foreman Jennifer E - - 2010
The effects of ligand activation of PPARbeta/delta were examined in the mouse mammary tumor cell line (C20). Expression of PPARbeta/delta was markedly lower in C20 cells as compared to the human non-tumorigenic mammary gland derived cell line (MCF10A) and mouse keratinocytes. Ligand activation of PPARbeta/delta in C20 cells caused upregulation ...
Guerrero Javier - - 2010
In carcinomas such as those of breast, pancreas, stomach, and colon, cancer cells support the expansion of molecular and cellular stroma in a phenomenon termed desmoplasia, which is characterized by a strong fibrotic response. In the case of breast tissue, in which stroma is mainly a fatty tissue, this response ...
Nasu Kaei - - 2009
Simvastatin significantly inhibited the proliferation of endometriotic stromal cells, attenuated the collagen gel contraction mediated by these cells, and suppressed endometriotic stromal cell attachment to collagen fibers. Simvastatin is considered to be a promising agent for the treatment of endometriosis-associated fibrosis, which is among the major pathologies caused by endometriosis.
Kavoussi S K - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma activation has an effect on the attachment of endometrial cells to peritoneal mesothelial cells in a well-established in vitro model of the early endometriotic lesion. The endometrial epithelial cell line EM42 and mesothelial cell line LP9 were ...
Ziulkoski Ana L - - 2009
Stroma-mediated myelopoiesis depends upon growth factors and an appropriate intercellular microenvironment. Previous studies have demonstrated that gangliosides, produced by hepatic stromal cell types, are required for optimal myelosupportive function. Here, we compared the mielossuportive functions of a bone marrow stroma (S17) and skin fibroblasts (SF) regarding their ganglioside pattern of ...
Froeling Fieke E M - - 2009
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by an intense stromal reaction. Reproducible three-dimensional in vitro systems for exploring interactions of the stroma with pancreatic cancer cells have not previously been available, prompting us to develop such a model. Cancer cells were grown on collagen/Matrigel and embedded with or without stromal cells (hTERT-immortalized ...
Jechlinger Martin - - 2009
The advent of targeted therapies for cancer has provoked interest in experimental models for the systematic study of oncogene dependence. To that end, we developed a three-dimensional (3D) culture system to analyze the responses of primary mouse mammary epithelial cells to the induction and deinduction of oncogenes. Mammary cells derived ...
Amiry Naeem - - 2009
The functional role of autocrine trefoil factor-1 (TFF1) in mammary carcinoma has not been previously elucidated. Herein, we demonstrate that forced expression of TFF1 in mammary carcinoma cells resulted in increased total cell number as a consequence of increased cell proliferation and survival. Forced expression of TFF1 enhanced anchorage-independent growth ...
Haughian James M - - 2009
The etiology of endometrial cancers remains poorly understood, particularly with respect to signal transduction pathways underlying the development and progression of the more aggressive, type II steroid-independent tumors. Protein kinase C alpha (PKCalpha) regulates cellular processes critical to malignancy and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of endometrial cancers. The ...
Perotti C - - 2009
Differentiation of undifferentiated mammary epithelial stem and/or progenitor cells results in the production of luminal-ductal and myoepithelial cells in the young animal and upon pregnancy, the production of luminal alveolar cells. A few key regulators of differentiation have been identified, though it is not known yet how these proteins function ...
Yuan Y-G - - 2009
The use of nucleus transfer techniques to generate transgenic dairy goats capable of producing recombinant therapeutic proteins in milk could have a major impact on the pharmaceutical industry. However, transfection or gene targeting of nucleus transfer donor cells requires a long in vitro culture period and the selection of marker ...
Torres Cristian Gabriel - - 2009
The effects of estradiol (E2) and of an AFP-derived cyclized peptide (cP) on the proliferation of primary cultures of cancer cells isolated from spontaneous canine mammary tumors were studied. The cellular response to E2 and cP was related to the expression of estradiol receptor (isoforms alpha and beta). In ER-positive ...
Takahara Masakazu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has become evident that resident stromal cells, such as fibroblasts and inflammatory cells, are involved in the metastatic process, including proliferation or migration of malignant neoplasms. We analyzed CD10+ stromal cells, dermal macrophages and Langerhans cells (LCs) in skin tumors. METHODS: Immunohistological staining was performed with markers for ...
Horigan K C - - 2009
Mammary gland growth and morphogenesis are regulated by interactions between hormones as much as by their individual actions. The effect of these interactions on the mammary gland phenotype in species other than rodents is relatively undefined. We investigated the individual and combined effects of estrogen (E), progestin (P), and prolactin ...
Morgan Jacqueline - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: SNCG in breast cancer is a marker for advanced and aggressive disease thereby correlating with a poor prognosis in patients. We set out to determine if SNCG expression in UPSC correlates with aggressive cellular properties, poor prognosis, and chemoresistance, and if silencing SNCG can reverse these attributes in vitro. ...
Kelleher Shannon L - - 2009
The lactating mammary gland is composed of multiple cell types that tightly coordinate the accumulation, production, and secretion of milk components, including essential metals such as zinc (Zn). Our previous studies in animal and cell models implicated the Zn transporter Zip3 (Slc39a3) in mammary gland Zn acquisition. Herein, we investigated ...
Treeck Oliver - - 2010
Estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) is widely expressed in mammary epithelium. ERbeta expression is reported to decline during carcinogenesis of the breast and other tissues. In this study, we examined the consequences of a loss of ERbeta expression in mammary epithelial cells. We knocked down ERbeta transcript levels in human mammary ...
Fusaro Laura - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to validate immunohistochemistry (IHC) as an alternative to telomerase repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) analysis to detect telomerase activity. TRAP-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reactivity was compared with telomerase reverse transcription (TERT) IHC staining in 22 feline mammary tissues (6 normal mammary glands, 2 dysplastic mammary ...
Yu Xue-Wen - - 2009
The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) cytokine receptor system modulates apoptosis in many cell types, so we have investigated the role of sTNFR1 in bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cell death in cultured human decidual stromal cells, hypothesizing that sTNFR1 might play a central role in this action. In this work we characterized ...
Wieser Fritz - - 2009
Growing evidence suggests that medicinal herbs have direct actions on endometrial cells. By screening multiple herbs using an in vitro model of endometriosis, we found that a commonly used herbal formula exerted considerable antiproliferative effects. Our purpose was to investigate the effects of this antiendometriosis herbal mixture on cell proliferation, ...
Yoo Young A - - 2009
The interaction between mammary epithelial cells and their surrounding microenvironment are important in the development of the mammary gland. Thus, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which retain pluripotency for various mesenchymal lineages, may provide a permissive environment for the morphologic alteration and differentiation of mammary epithelial cells. To this end, we ...
Tsuno Akitoshi - - 2009
CONTEXT: Decidualization of the endometrium involves the morphological and biochemical reprogramming of the estrogen-primed proliferative endometrial stromal compartment under the continuing influence of progesterone. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the involvement of the extracellular matrix contractility of eutopic and ectopic endometrial stromal cells during the tissue ...
Rosario G X - - 2009
Invasion of trophoblast cells into the uterine spiral arteries and the uterine wall is characteristic of hemochorial placentation. In the rat, trophoblast cells penetrate through the uterine decidua and well into the metrial gland. In this report, we examined the fate of these invasive trophoblast cells following parturition. Invasive trophoblast ...
Moe Bjørn T - - 2009
Endometrial hyperplasia is a precursor lesion of endometrial carcinoma. Clinical studies of endometrial hyperplasia have shown that levonorgestrel (LNG) is more therapeutically effective than medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). The present pharmacological in vitro study was performed to compare progestin effects on human endometrial cancer (Ishikawa) cells. Supraphysiological concentrations of progesterone (PG) ...
Yi Zhang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, NS-398, on the proliferation, apoptosis and invasion characteristics of endometrial cancer cell RL95-2. METHODS: (1) Western blotting was carried out to determine COX-2 protein expression in RL95-2 cells and normal endometrium specimens. (2) The effect of NS-398 treatment on the ...
Zybina E V - - 2009
The supergiant trophoblast cells characteristic of vole placenta prove to be highly invasive being found at the boundary of the decidualized endometrium and myometrium. Their size (100 microm and higher) suggests them to be highly polyploid, though their ploidy was not determined by now. We performed determination of the ploidy ...
Wang Hai-Bin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To culture rabbit endometrial cells by using sex steroids to provide adequate seeding cells for endometrium reconstruction and uterine tissue engineering. DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. SETTING: Beijing Institute of Basic Medical Sciences and Tissue Engineering Research Center, Academy of Military Medical Sciences. ANIMAL(S): New Zealand rabbit and Kunming white ...
Das Sanjoy K - - 2009
Uterine stromal cell decidualization is integral to successful embryo implantation, which is a gateway to pregnancy establishment. This process is characterized by stromal cell proliferation and differentiation into decidual cells with polyploidy. The molecular mechanisms that are involved in these events remain poorly understood. The current concept is that locally ...
Rosa-e-Silva Julio Cesar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the pattern of cell proliferation and apoptosis of eutopic and ectopic endometrium in rabbits after endometrium implantation for the experimental induction of endometriosis. DESIGN: Animal experimental study. SETTING: Sector of experimental surgery. ANIMAL(S): Twenty-female New Zealand rabbits. INTERVENTION(S): All animals underwent laparotomy for endometriosis induction by resection ...
Uzan C - - 2009
A role for the EGF system, in particular HER1 and 2, in growth of the endometrium has been suggested but HER1 and 2 have not been studied in all locations of endometriosis and in ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma (OEC) which is a rare form of malignant transformation of endometriosis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) ...
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