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Sokalska Anna - - 2010
Statins are competitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase, with antimitotic, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties. Recent studies have shown that statins reduce the growth of human endometrial stromal (HES) cells and protect from the development of endometriosis in animal models. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of ...
Kyurkchiev Dobroslav - - 2010
It is well known that the reproductive steroid hormones, particularly progesterone, in addition to its widely recognized effects on endometrial epithelial and stromal cells and spiral arteries, affect the activities of T cells and natural killer cells in the deciduas, thus inducing active immune tolerance against the fetal antigens. The ...
Matthews Donald D Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Rensselaer, NY 12144, United - - 2010
These studies focus on identification of vitamin D regulated pathways that impact development or progression of breast cancer. In mouse experiments, we assessed genomic profiles of glandular tissue and established tumors from MMTV-neu mice fed adequate (250 IU/kg) or high (5000 IU/kg) vitamin D (cholecalciferol). Genomic profiles were also obtained ...
Zheng Yue-Mao - - 2010
The aims of this study were to establish a porcine mammary gland epithelial (PMGE) cell line, and to determine if these PMGE cells could be maintained long-term in culture by continuous subculturing following transfection with a reporter gene, enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP). Primary culture of PMGE cells was achieved ...
McDermott Kimberly M - - 2010
During mammary gland development, an epithelial bud undergoes branching morphogenesis to expand into a continuous tree-like network of branched ducts [1]. The process involves multiple cell types that are coordinated by hormones and growth factors coupled with signaling events including Wnt and Hedgehog [2-5]. Primary cilia play key roles in ...
Tsuruda Toshihiro - - 2010
Stromal cells, composed of fibroblasts, microvascular endothelial cells, immune cells and inflammatory cells, are critical determinants of the mechanical properties and function of the heart and vasculature, and the mechanisms whereby these types of cells are activated are important to understand the progression of cardiovascular diseases. Emerging studies have suggested ...
Siegel P M - - 2010
The mouse mammary gland is composed of three epithelial cell types, which include ductal, alveolar and myoepithelial cells. A hierarchy in which the mammary stem cell compartment gives rise to progressively restricted progenitors that ultimately form the luminal (ductal and alveolar) and myoepithelial lineages is now emerging. Although very little ...
Ingman K - - 2010
Macrophages, known as Hofbauer cells, are most abundant in placental villous stroma in the first and second trimesters. Their functions are not well defined. We have used a combination of in situ and in vitro methods to characterise these cells. Lectin histochemistry and immunohistochemistry were used to identify macrophages in ...
Bénézech Cécile - - 2010
The development of secondary lymphoid organs, such as lymph nodes (LNs), in the embryo results from the reciprocal action between lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells and stromal cells. However, the initial events inducing LN anlagen formation before the LTi stromal cells cross-talk interactions take place are not fully elucidated. In ...
Lash Gendie E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cell invasion of uterine decidua and the inner third of myometrium is critical for successful pregnancy. Many decidual factors are likely to play a role in regulating this process. We have previously shown that cytokines, known to be produced by uterine natural killer (uNK) cells, such ...
Nakashima Akitoshi - - 2010
PROBLEM: Th17 cells, a new subset of helper T cells, have been focused on as a producer pro-inflammatory cytokines. It is, however, still unknown how Th17 cells affect pregnancy outcome. We investigated the expression of IL-17-producing cells in human spontaneous abortion. METHOD OF STUDY: IL-17 expression was analyzed in decidual ...
Siemieniuch Marta J - - 2010
Sex steroids, i.e. progesterone (P(4)) and 17beta-estradiol (E(2)), fluctuate during the feline estrous cycle and their alterations correspond to many events in cat reproduction. In order to investigate possible effects of sex steroids on prostaglandin (PG) secretion in the cultured endometrial cells, mRNA expressions coding for PG-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS2) in ...
Vidal Laurent J-P - - 2010
Deregulated PAX5 expression has been associated with metastatic mammary carcinoma, although the precise role of PAX5 in cancer progression is unclear. Stable forced expression of PAX5alpha in the mammary carcinoma cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 reduced cell cycle progression, cell survival, and anchorage-independent cell growth. In xenograft studies, forced expression ...
Yoshimura Hisashi - - 2010
A lipid-rich carcinoma of the mammary gland was diagnosed in a female Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus), which was kept as an indoor pet. The animal underwent surgery for a primary tumor arising in the mammary gland at the age of 16 months, and also for a recurrent tumor 6 months ...
Mandriota Stefano J - - 2010
Carriers of mutations in the cell cycle checkpoint protein kinase ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM), which represent 1-2% of the general population, have an increased risk of breast cancer. However, experimental evidence that ATM deficiency contributes to human breast carcinogenesis is lacking. We report here that in MCF-10A and MCF-12A cells, ...
Bilotas Mariela - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on apoptosis induced by leuprolide acetate (LA) in endometrial epithelial cell cultures from patients with endometriosis. Primary endometrial epithelial cell cultures were obtained from uterine endometrial biopsies of patients with endometriosis ...
Guida Maurizio - - 2010
The endocannabinoid system plays protective roles against the growth and the spreading of several types of carcinomas. Because estrogens regulate this system both in physiological states and cancer, in this paper we evaluated its involvement in endometrial carcinoma, a well-known estrogen-dependent tumor. To test whether the endocannabinoid system is expressed ...
Kuang Haibin - - 2010
Uterine Natural Killer (uNK) cells are the most abundant lymphocyte population recruited in the uteri during murine and human pregnancy. Previous investigation on uNK cells during mouse pregnancy focused more on its accumulation in postimplantation periods, which were believed to play important roles in regulating trophoblast invasion and angiogenesis towards ...
Gellersen B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Extensive invasion of the maternal decidua by extravillous trophoblast is considered of critical importance for implantation and placentation in humans, the decidua being viewed as a passively invaded tissue. In this study, we examined whether decidual cells might contribute to the highly dynamic processes at the fetal-maternal interface by ...
Xiao Lan - - 2010
PURPOSE: Prior studies in different tumor models have shown that, under conditions of PTEN deficiency, the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway appear to play a major role in the tumor cell's proliferative and survival pathway, and that pharmacological inhibition of this pathway results in tumor growth inhibition. This study ...
Franczak A - - 2010
Porcine (Sus scrofa domestica) uterine slices harvested during both early pregnancy and luteolysis produce steroid hormones. The aim of the present study was to determine (1) which porcine separated uterine cells secrete androgens: androstenedione (A(4)) and testosterone (T), and estradiol-17beta (E(2)) in culture; (2) if the production of A(4), T ...
Lash G E - - 2010
Leukocytes comprise approximately 30-40% of decidual stromal cells in early human pregnancy. The major leukocyte component is the uterine natural killer (uNK) cells. Despite over 20 years of research the functional role of these cells in situ remains unknown although they have been proposed to play roles in immunotolerance, regulation ...
Ngô Charlotte - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of antiproliferative drugs (anastrozole, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil [5-FU]) on the proliferation of endometriotic cells in vitro and in vivo. DESIGN: Ex vivo study on human endometrial and endometriotic cells in culture; establishment of a murine model using mice implanted with human endometriosis. SETTING: University research ...
Fernandez-Gonzalez Rodrigo - - 2010
The mammary gland consists of an epithelial ductal tree embedded in a fat pad. Adult mammary epithelium has been demonstrated to have outstanding regenerative potential, consistent with the presence of resident, adult stem cells. However, there are currently no bona fide markers to identify these cells within their tissue context. ...
Keita Mamadou - - 2010
Endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary is one of the most types of epithelial ovarian cancer associated to endometrioisis. Endometrioid tumors as well as endometriotic implants are characterized by the presence of epithelial cells, stromal cells, or a combination of booth, that resemble the endometrial cells, suggesting a possible endometrial origin ...
Poczobutt Joanna M - - 2010
Recent research has yielded a wealth of data underscoring the key role of the cancer microenvironment, especially immune and stromal cells, in the progression of cancer and the development of metastases. However, the role of adjacent benign epithelial cells, which provide initial cell-cell contacts with cancer cells, in tumor progression ...
Cohen Marie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Proliferation, migration and invasion of trophoblastic cells into the maternal endometrium are essential steps in human embryo implantation and placentation. Trophoblast invasion is normally limited in time, only during first and early second trimester of pregnancy, and in space, limited to the endometrium and the proximal third of myometrium. ...
Takai Noriyuki - - 2010
The potential anticancer agent 1-(2-chlorophenyl-N-methylpropyl)-3-isoquinolinecarboxamide (PK11195), a translocator protein ligand, facilitates the induction of cell death by a variety of cytotoxic and chemotherapeutic agents in various human tumor cell lines. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of PK11195 on three endometrial cancer cell lines, two ovarian ...
Smalley Matthew J - - 2010
Limited understanding of the cell biology of the breast and breast cancer hampers our ability to develop new therapeutic approaches. Mouse models of mammary gland development and tumourigenesis are key to developing new insights into the biology of both the normal and diseased tissues. Recent advances have enabled the isolation, ...
Shelton Dawne N - - 2010
The regenerative potential of mammary epithelium facilitates assessment of the "stemness" of any epithelial subpopulation in transplantation assays. Thus, mammary tissue can be dissociated into single cells, stained for cell surface markers of interest and classified using fluorescence-activated cell sorting. The selected cells can then be transplanted into epithelium-devoided fat ...
Hui Ying - - 2010
Prolonged exposure to high level of estrogen is a known risk factor for breast carcinogenesis. It has been suggested recently that nitrative stress may be an etiologic factor for breast carcinogenesis. Since sulfation plays a major role in the homeostasis of estrogens and their metabolites, we attempted in the present ...
Donofrio Gaetano - - 2010
Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells have been shown to have multiple lineage differentiation properties and to be suitable for tissues regeneration in many degenerative processes. Their use has been proposed for the therapy of joint diseases and tendon injuries in the horse. In the present report the genetic manipulation of Equine Adipose-Derived ...
Masuda Hirotaka - - 2010
The human endometrium undergoes cyclical regeneration throughout a woman's reproductive life. Ectopic implantation of endometrial cells through retrograde menstruation gives rise to endometriotic lesions which affect approximately 10% of reproductive-aged women. The high regenerative capacity of the human endometrium at eutopic and ectopic sites suggests the existence of stem/progenitor cells ...
Crawford Brett E - - 2010
Considerable evidence indicates that heparan sulfate is essential for the development of tissues consisting of branching ducts and tubules. However, there are few examples where specific sulfate residues regulate a specific stage in the formation of such tissues. We examined the role of heparan sulfation in mammary gland branching morphogenesis, ...
Huang Mingzhu - - 2010
Breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) have been recently identified in breast carcinoma as CD44+CD24- cells, which exclusively retain tumorigenic activity and display stem cell-like properties. Using a mammosphere culture technique, MCF7 mammosphere cells are found to enrich breast cancer stem-like cells expressing CD44+CD24-. The stromal cells are mainly constituted by ...
Dontu Gabriela - - 2010
Recent studies from Clarke's group published in the journal Cell indicate that miRNAs may be the elusive universal stem cell markers that the field of cancer stem cell biology has been seeking. Distinct profiles of miRNAs appear to reflect the state of cell differentiation not only in breast cancer cells, ...
Kohn Ethan A - - 2010
Molecular dissection of the signaling pathways that underlie complex biological responses in the mammary epithelium is limited by the difficulty of propagating large numbers of mouse mammary epithelial cells, and by the inability of ribonucleic acid interference (RNAi)-based knockdown approaches to fully ablate gene function. Here we describe a method ...
Almeida Raul A RA Department of Animal Science, The Food Safety Center of Excellence, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, - - 2010
We showed that internalization of Streptococcus uberis into bovine mammary epithelial cells occurred through receptor- (RME) and caveolae-mediated endocytosis (CME). We reported also that treatment of S. uberis with host proteins including lactoferrin (LF) enhanced its internalization into host cells. Since the underlying mechanism(s) involved in such enhancement was unknown ...
Croy B Anne BA Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, - - 2010
The term uterine natural killer (uNK) cell is applied in mice to an abundant but transient NK cell population that undergoes unique, terminal differentiation within embryo implantation sites during endometrial decidualization and pregnancy. In mice, decidualization is induced by attachment and implantation of hatched, blastocyst-stage embryos. Within each implantation site, ...
Bulun Serdar E SE Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department Obstetrics and Gynecology Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA. - - 2010
Estradiol (E2) stimulates the growth and inflammation in the ectopic endometriotic tissue that commonly resides on the pelvic organs. Several clinical and laboratory-based observations are indicative of resistance to progesterone action in endometriosis. The molecular basis of progesterone resistance in endometriosis may be related to an overall reduction in the ...
Taraseviciute Agne - - 2010
Remodeling of the stromal extracellular matrix and elevated expression of specific proto-oncogenes within the adjacent epithelium represent cardinal features of breast cancer, yet how these events become integrated is not fully understood. To address this question, we focused on tenascin-C (TN-C), a stromal extracellular matrix glycoprotein whose expression increases with ...
Otto Christiane - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: In combined hormone replacement therapy (HRT) progestins are used to inhibit estradiol-activated uterine epithelial cell proliferation. In comparison to estradiol-only therapy, combined HRT leads to enhanced proliferation of mammary epithelial cells. In a quantitative mouse model, we assessed the balance between uterine and undesired mammary gland effects for two ...
Ko Song Yi SY Department of Systems Biology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77054, - - 2010
The ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) origin of ovarian cancers has been controversial because these cancers often exhibit Müllerian-like features. One hypothesis is that ovarian neoplasia involves the gain of growth advantages by OSE cells via activation of Müllerian programs. The homeobox gene HOXA10 controls formation of the uterus from the ...
Zhang Shuai - - 2010
It has been believed that the immunoglobulin (Ig) found abundantly in the colostrum of lactating mammalian is derived from serum or secreted by plasma cells present in the mammary gland. The recent finding of Ig gene rearrangements in breast cancer cells and benign hyperplastic breast epithelial cells suggests that it ...
Wang Y - - 2010
Two bovine mammary cell types (BME-UV1 and MeBo cells) were used to evaluate the effect of natural retinoids, retinoid analogs, and bovine lactoferrin (bLf) on cell viability in vitro. Experiments with Alamar Blue showed a linear relationship between fluorescence and cell viability index. The BME-UV1 cells exhibited twice the metabolic ...
Kayamori Kou - - 2010
We investigated the roles of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-induced osteoclast formation. Microarray analyses performed on 43 human OSCC specimens revealed that many of the specimens overexpressed PTHrP mRNA, but a few overexpressed IL-6 mRNA. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that IL-6 was expressed ...
Li Sijie - - 2010
The sex steroids, estrogens, progesterone, and androgens, all play a role in mammary development and function. To precisely identify the sites of action of these steroids, we studied the localization of the estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and ERbeta, the progesterone receptor A (PRA) and PRB, and androgen receptors (AR) in ...
Kitaya Kotaro - - 2010
In this study, we evaluated the leukocyte density and composition in the human cycling endometrium with uterine fibroids (UF). The endometrium with neighboring nodule (NN group, n = 62), autologous endometrium without NN (non-NN group, n = 62), and allogeneic endometrium without UF (non-UF group, n = 24) were immunostained ...
Kyurkchiev Stanimir - - 2010
This review discusses the presence and characteristics of multipotent stromal cells in human endometrium and decidua. A number of research groups have reported the isolation and characterization of multipotent stromal cells from the basal layer of the endometrium, and in a single case just from the menstrual blood, i.e. the ...
Kato Kiyoko - - 2010
Cancer stem-like cell subpopulations, referred to as "side-population" (SP) cells, have been identified in several tumors based on their ability to efflux the fluorescent dye Hoechst 33342. Although SP cells have been identified in the normal human endometrium and endometrial cancer, little is known about their characteristics. In this study, ...
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