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Leconte Mahaut - - 2010
Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is characterized by chronic pain, hyperproliferation of endometriotic cells and fibrosis. Since cannabinoids are endowed with antiproliferative and antifibrotic properties, in addition to their psychogenic and analgesic effects, cannabinoid agonists have been evaluated in DIE both in vitro and in vivo. The in vitro effects of ...
Okabe Hirohisa - - 2011
Although tumor-stromal interaction has been discussed, the role of hepatic stellate (HS) cells against cancer, especially cholangiocarcinoma (CC), has not been clarified. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of HS cells on CC cell progression in vitro and in vivo. The effects of CC conditioned medium ...
Singh H - - 2010
Controlled invasion of extravillous trophoblast (EVT) is necessary for implantation and placentation. The serine protease HTRA3 is highly expressed in decidual cells in the late secretory phase of the menstrual cycle and throughout pregnancy. During the first trimester it is expressed in most trophoblast cell types, but not in the ...
Dedes Konstantin J - - 2010
PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog) loss of function is the most common genetic aberration in endometrioid endometrial carcinomas. In addition to its well-described role in cell signaling, PTEN is involved in the maintenance of genomic stability. Loss of PTEN function causes defects in repair of DNA double-strand breaks by homologous ...
Gupta Rishi R RR Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to characterize the molecular phenotype that occurs during the profound morphological shift of cultured osteogenic cells upon treatment with fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2). A time course of treatment with FGF2 was performed on an osteoblast cell line, primary bone marrow stromal cells and an ...
Sha Huilan - - 2010
The effects of insulin or insulin in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs on the proliferation and apoptosis of endometrial carcinoma cells were examined with an aim to determine the efficacy and safety of insulin in endometrial cancer therapy. Ishikawa and Hec-1A cells were treated with insulin and/or paclitaxel. Cell proliferation was ...
Ngô Charlotte - - 2010
Endometriosis affects 6-10% of women in their reproductive years, causing chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Its pathogenesis remains poorly understood and current treatments, based on hormonal therapy or surgery, are often insufficient. The purpose of our study was to investigate the role of the ERK pathway in the development of ...
Adlakha V K - - 2010
Peripheral giant cell granuloma is a benign reactive lesion of gingiva. It manifests as a firm, soft, bright nodule or as a sessile or pedunculate mass. This article reports the management of peripheral giant cell granuloma in a 12-year-old boy by surgical excision.
Whyte Jacqueline - - 2010
Mammary epithelial cells organize in three dimensions and generate acini when supported on laminin-rich extracellular matrix. Acinus formation begins with the apicobasal polarisation of the outer cells of the assembly and the withdrawal of these cells from the cell cycle. Internal cells then clear out to form a hollow lumen. ...
Huang Hai-Jun - - 2010
ES (embryonic stem)-derived cells have been investigated in many animal models of severe injury and degenerative disease. However, few studies have examined the ability of ES-derived cells to improve functional outcome following partially damaged breast and also the modification of mammary tissue to produce costly proteins. This study investigates the ...
Hirata Tetsuya - - 2010
In a novel paradigm of T cell differentiation, type 17 T helper (Th17) cells may play a significant role in endometriosis, a chronic inflammatory disease. However, the mechanism regulating the accumulation of Th17 cells in endometriotic tissues remains unknown. We hypothesized that Th17 cells migrate to endometriotic tissues through an ...
Willing Cornelia - - 2011
The human endometrium is a cyclically regenerating organ under the influence of ovarian steroid hormones. Disturbances in this highly coordinated regulation of endometrial proliferation and differentiation may result in infertility and diseases such as endometriosis and endometrial cancer. Environmental toxins belonging to the group of polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ...
Tsutsumi Akihiro - - 2011
Estradiol enhanced stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) production levels in human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) in a time- and dose-dependent manner that could be completely abolished by ICI 182,780 (estrogen receptor antagonist) and medroxyprogesterone acetate. Although SDF-1 was undetectable in the Ishikawa human endometrial epithelial cell line, its receptor (CXCR4) ...
Whelan Kelly A - - 2010
Proper adhesion to extracellular matrix is critical for epithelial cell survival. Detachment from matrix signals results in apoptosis, referred to as anoikis. Selective apoptosis of cells that become detached from matrix is associated with the formation of a lumen in three-dimensional mammary epithelial acinar structures in vitro. Because early breast ...
Jones Laundette P - - 2010
Humans are chronically exposed to the plasticizer, Bisphenol A (BPA), that can adversely affect the normal hormonal regulation of cellular functions by mimicking the actions of estrogen. This biological response to BPA may vary according to an individual's genetic characteristics (e.g., BRCA1 mutations or deletion). In this study, both cell ...
Laguë Marie-Noëlle - - 2010
Trophoblast invasion likely depends on complex cross talk between the fetal and maternal tissues and may involve the modulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling activity in maternal decidual cells. In this report, we studied implantation in Pten(tm1Hwu/tm1Hwu);Amhr2(tm3(cre)Bhr/+) mice, which lack the PI3K signaling antagonist gene Pten in myometrial and stromal/decidual ...
McCave Erin J - - 2010
Normal development of the mammary gland is a multidimensional process that is controlled in part by its mammary microenvironment. The mammary microenvironment is a defined location that encompasses mammary somatic stem cells, neighboring signaling cells, the basement membrane and extracellular matrix, mammary fibroblasts as well as the intercellular signals produced ...
Levi Benjamin - - 2010
Adipose-derived stromal cells hold promise for use in tissue regeneration. However, multiple facets of their biology remain unclear. The authors examined the variations in osteogenesis and adipogenesis in adipose-derived stromal cells between subcutaneous fat depots and potential molecular causes. Adipose-derived stromal cells were isolated from human patients from subcutaneous fat ...
Schedin Pepper - - 2010
The mammary gland can no longer be simply viewed as an organ composed of epithelial cells within a passive stromal microenvironment. Many lines of evidence have evolved to reinforce the notion that mammary epithelial cell growth, differentiation, lactation and progression to cancer involves bidirectional interactions between the epithelial population and ...
James Aaron W - - 2010
Adipose-derived stromal cells are a potential cell source for the successful healing of skeletal defects. In this study, the authors sought to investigate the potential for cranial suture-derived mesenchymal cells to promote the osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stromal cells. Various reports have previously examined the unique in vitro attributes of ...
Bai Lixia L Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109, - - 2010
Mammary stem cells (MaSCs) play critical roles in normal development and perhaps tumorigenesis of the mammary gland. Using combined cell markers, adult MaSCs have been enriched in a basal cell population, but the exact identity of MaSCs remains unknown. We used the s-SHIP promoter to tag presumptive stem cells with ...
Sondergaard Claus S CS Stem Cell Program, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California, - - 2010
Mesenchymal stromal cells have been recently isolated from thymus gland tissue discarded after surgical procedures. The role of this novel cell type in heart regeneration has yet to be defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of human thymus-derived mesenchymal stromal cells using self-organized cardiac ...
Teague Jessica E - - 2010
Intercellular communication is an essential process in stimulating lymphocyte development and in activating and shaping an immune response. B cell development requires cell-to-cell contact with and cytokine production by bone marrow stromal cells. However, this intimate relationship also may be responsible for the transfer of death-inducing molecules to the B ...
Tobar N - - 2010
The influence of the stromal microenvironment on the progression of epithelial cancers has been demonstrated. Unravelling the mechanisms by which stromal cells affect epithelial behaviour will contribute in understanding cellular malignancy. It has been proposed that redox environment has a role in the acquisition of malignancy. In this work, we ...
Uz Yesim Hulya - - 2010
Interleukin-23 (IL-23) is a novel cytokine involved in the regulation of organ-specific immune responses. We hypothesized that expression of IL-23 in the human endometrium is menstrual cycle and pregnancy dependent, and is involved in endometrial immune regulation. IL-23 expression and regulation was investigated in the human endometrium and placenta in ...
Jichan Nie - - 2010
Adenomyosis is a fairly common gynecologic disease with unknown pathogenesis. We sought to investigate as to whether the promoter of progesterone receptor isoform B (PR-B) is hypermethylated in adenomyosis and to investigate the treatment of ectopic endometrial stromal cells with trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDI), and 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine ...
Liu Y Y Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, - - 2010
The Pak4 serine/threonine kinase is highly expressed in many cancer cell lines and human tumors. Although several studies have addressed the role for Pak4 in transformation of fibroblasts, most human cancers are epithelial in origin. Epithelial cancers are associated not only with changes in cell growth but also with changes ...
Dong Jie J Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
Assessing the molecular control of development and cell fate in individual cells in the intact mammary epithelium has not been possible to date. By exploiting an intraductal retrovirus (RCAS)-mediated gene delivery method to introduce a marker gene, we found that ductal epithelial cells are turned over with a half time ...
Levi Benjamin - - 2010
Adipose-derived stromal cells hold promise for skeletal tissue engineering. However, various studies have observed that adipose-derived stromal cells differ significantly in their biology depending on species of derivation. In the following study, the authors sought to determine the species-specific response of adipose-derived stromal cells to recombinant TGF-beta1 (rTGF-beta1). Adipose-derived stromal ...
Aboussahoud Wedad - - 2010
Embryo implantation in the uterus involves the trophoblast cells apposing and adhering to, then invading across the epithelium lining of the endometrium. However, ethical concerns regarding experimentation with primary human tissue during this period of life necessitates creation of in vitro models for understanding the basic mechanisms involved. Toll-like receptors ...
Bussard Karen M - - 2010
The tissue microenvironment directs stem/progenitor cell behavior. Cancer cells are also influenced by the microenvironment. It has been shown that, when placed into blastocysts, cancer cells respond to embryonic cues and differentiate according to the tissue type encountered during ontological development. Previously, we showed that the mouse mammary gland was ...
Knapczyk-Stwora Katarzyna - - 2011
The development of uterine glands is characterized by the proliferation of epithelial cells and by estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) expression in the nascent glandular epithelium. It is known that androgen receptors are present in the porcine uterus during prenatal development and the neonatal window, when adenogenesis occurs. Therefore, the objective ...
Zhao Ke - - 2010
This study sought to establish an in vitro lactating BMEC (bovine mammary epithelial cell) model, which may maintain the native function for a period of time. Mammary tissues of midlactation Holstein dairy cows were dispersed and cultured in a medium containing insulin, prolactin, hydrocortisone, transferrin, epidermal growth factor and fetal ...
Aldonyte Ruta - - 2010
AIM: Intrinsic tissue regeneration mechanisms are still not fully understood. The destruction/reconstruction processes are usually in fine balance; however, this can be easily destroyed, for example in the environment of chronic inflammation. One of the major proteins present at the inflammatory sites is the multifunctional protein alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT). In this ...
Martinez Elizabeth F - - 2010
Increasing emphasis has been placed on the role of myoepithelial cells, the contractile components of secretory glands, in the in situ to invasive carcinoma transition. These cells are placed at the interface between luminal epithelial cells and the stromal compartment, which favors their cross-talk with all other cell types comprising ...
Polyak Kornelia - - 2010
The mammary gland is composed of a diverse array of cell types that form intricate interaction networks essential for its normal development and physiologic function. Abnormalities in these interactions play an important role throughout different stages of tumorigenesis. Branching ducts and alveoli are lined by an inner layer of secretory ...
Garry R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively observe the changes occurring in endometrial glandular morphology during menstrual shedding and regeneration. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: The academic gynaecological endoscopy unit of a university teaching hospital. Population Thirteen patients investigated for a variety of benign, non-infective gynaecological disorders during the active bleeding phase of the ...
Joshi Purna A PA Ontario Cancer Institute, Department of Medical Biophysics and Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto M5G 2M9, Ontario, - - 2010
Reproductive history is the strongest risk factor for breast cancer after age, genetics and breast density. Increased breast cancer risk is entwined with a greater number of ovarian hormone-dependent reproductive cycles, yet the basis for this predisposition is unknown. Mammary stem cells (MaSCs) are located within a specialized niche in ...
Tian Yingpu - - 2010
Lim only protein (LMO) 4 acts as a transcriptional adapter and modulates mammary gland morphogenesis as well as breast oncogenesis in transgenic mice. Yet, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of these effects remain to be fully elucidated. Engrailed LMO4 fusion protein is a powerful dominant repressor of LMO4 activated transcription ...
Zhang Hui - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To explore the stroma-epithelium interactions in endometriosis and to identify the possible signalling pathways involved in this cross-talk. DESIGN: Laboratory study via primary cultured endometrial stromal and epithelial cells. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENTS: Fifteen patients with endometriosis confirmed by histopathology were recruited in the study, and 12 women free ...
Cohet Nathalie N Department of Cell Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, - - 2010
The ATPase subunits of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling enzymes, Brahma (BRM) and Brahma-related gene 1 (BRG1), can induce cell cycle arrest in BRM and BRG1 deficient tumor cell lines, and mice heterozygous for Brg1 are pre-disposed to breast tumors, implicating loss of BRG1 as a mechanism for unregulated cell proliferation. ...
Mehasseb Mohamed Khairy - - 2010
To compare endometrial stromal cell invasion from women with and without adenomyosis and the effect of myometrial cells using a three-dimensional coculture. Case-controlled blinded comparison. University department. Premenopausal women with and without uterine adenomyosis. Human endometrial stromal and myometrial cells were grown in a three-dimensional coculture with crossover between cells ...
Novitskaya Vera - - 2010
Tetraspanin CD151 is associated with laminin-binding integrins (i.e., alpha(3)beta(1), alpha(6)beta(1), and alpha(6)beta(4)) and regulates tumor cell migration and invasion. Here, we examined the role of CD151 in proliferation of mammary epithelial cells using in vitro and in vivo models. Depletion of CD151 suppressed growth of HB2 cells, a nontumorigenic breast ...
Wang Wei - - 2010
During early pregnancy, the concerted actions of the maternal steroid hormones, estrogen and progesterone, promote a unique process known as decidualization, which involves extensive proliferation and differentiation of uterine stromal cells. The molecular pathways underlying this hormonally induced cellular transformation, an essential prerequisite for embryo implantation, remain poorly understood. We ...
Catherino William H - - 2010
Uterine leiomyomas are highly prevalent and often symptomatic, but current medical therapies are limited. A novel, potent, selective, orally active therapy is needed. The goal of these studies was to determine the progesterone receptor (PR) specificity and activation, endometrial response, and impact on leiomyoma cell proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) ...
Kim Young-Hoon - - 2010
Based on the findings of several reports that have shown an increased plasma level of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in women with endometriosis, the present study was designed to evaluate whether in vitro treatment with DEHP can increase viability of endometrial cells. Utilizing 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, fluorescent activated cell sorter analysis, ...
Saydmohammed Manush - - 2010
Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) is constitutively activated in ovarian and endometrial cancers and is implicated in uncontrolled cell growth. Thus, its disruption could be an effective approach to control tumorigenesis. Curcumin is a dihydroxyphenolic compound, with proven anti-cancer efficacy in various cancer models. We examined the anti-tumor ...
Kishaba Yuka - - 2010
In this study we explored the distribution of nestin-positive cells in extraneural human tissues with special reference to stromal myofibroblasts. Tissue microarrays were constructed from various tissues with normal histology and tissues with fibrosing disorders. Sections were immunostained for nestin, alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), desmin, vimentin, CD34, and other stromal ...
Johnson Tasha L - - 2010
The MAC-T cell line has been used extensively to investigate bovine mammary epithelial cell function. A lactogenic phenotype is generally induced in this cell line by a combination of dexamethasone, insulin and prolactin and has typically been assessed by milk protein production. Few studies have focused on identifying other factors ...
Das Sanjoy K - - 2010
Uterine decidualization, a key event in implantation, is critically controlled by stromal cell proliferation and differentiation. Although the molecular mechanism that controls this event is not well understood, the general consensus is that the factors derived locally at the site of implantation influence aspects of decidualization. Hoxa-10, a developmentally regulated ...
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