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Marotti G - - 2000
The mechanism of transduction of mechanical strains into biological signals remains one of the more baffling problems of skeletal homeostasis. The updated literature ascribes to osteocytes the function of sensing the strains induced into the bone matrix by mechanical stresses. Whether the osteocytes perform such function by themselves or they ...
Lovely L P - - 2000
Androgen receptors (AR) have been identified in the human endometrium, but their role in endometrial function and development towards endometrial receptivity remains poorly understood. In an effort to study the regulation and possible function in endometrial epithelium, we utilized the well-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line, Ishikawa, as a model system. ...
Schorr K - - 2000
In the present study, we examined the role of prolactin and glucocorticoids in regulating bcl-x transcription in mammary epithelial cells. We report that dexamethasone, but not prolactin, induced native bcl-x gene expression in a dose-dependent manner in HC11 cells and enhanced serum-starved HC11 cell survival. This effect was mediated through ...
Tseng L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that human endometrial glandular epithelial cells contain endothelial nitric oxide synthase indicating that the endometrium might produce nitric oxide (NO). We conducted this study to identify stimuli that can activate a transient NO release from endometrial glandular epithelial cells because NO is an important intracellular ...
Mylonas I - - 2000
Highly purified fractions of isolated endometrial cells can be useful for investigating endometrial function. After a first collagenase digestion, normal human endometrial stromal and epithelial cells were separated by filtration. Glands were purified further by two collagenase digestion steps, filtration, differential sedimentations, and Ficoll gradient centrifugation. Epithelial cells were polyhedral ...
Bentin-Ley U - - 2000
The interactions of seven human blastocysts with cultured endometrial cells were investigated by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Trophoblastic-endometrial contact was observed at the lateral border of endometrial epithelial cells where trophoblast and endometrial epithelial cells shared apical junctional complexes and desmosomes. The first sign of penetration was invasion ...
Mori S - - 2000
Id proteins are thought to be negative regulators of cell differentiation and positive regulators of cell proliferation. Mammary glands of Id2(-/-) female mice reveal severely impaired lobulo-alveolar development during pregnancy. Id2(-/-) mammary epithelia show no precocious maturation, but instead exhibit intrinsic defects in both cell proliferation and cell survival, implying ...
Meikle A - - 2000
The effects of estradiol-17beta (E2) on the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) in stromal and epithelial cells of endometrium in prepubertal lambs were investigated. Twenty three-month-old lambs were treated or not treated with one, two or three i.m. injections of E2 (1 microg x kg(-1)) in corn oil at ...
Kim N D - - 2000
Rat mammary glands contain a subpopulation of clonogenic epithelial cells with large proliferation and differentiation potentials. When transplanted, the clonogens in monodispersed rat mammary epithelial cell suspensions give rise to either alveolar units (AUs) or ductal units (DUs) depending on the nature of the hormonal milieu in the graft recipient. ...
Morré D J - - 2000
A drug-responsive and cancer-specific NADH oxidase of the mammalian plasma membrane, constitutively activated in transformed cells, was inhibited preferentially in HeLa and human mammary adenocarcinoma by the naturally-occurring catechin of green tea, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCg). With cells in culture, EGCg preferentially inhibited growth of HeLa and mammary adenocarcinoma cells compared with ...
Obermeier S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Human milk contains 60-80 g/l lactose and and oligosaccharides. To synthesize this large amount of carbohydrates, the lactating mammary gland has a high demand for precursor molecules. such as glucose and galactose. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study we investigated the molecular basis for the uptake of ...
Gardner H P - - 2000
While screening for protein kinases expressed in the murine mammary gland, we identified previously a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase, Pnck, that is most closely related to CaMKI. In this report, we show that Pnck is temporally regulated during murine mammary development with highest levels of expression observed late in pregnancy, concomitant with ...
De Groot N - - 2000
The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) transports dimeric immunoglobulin A (dIgA) across the epithelial cell layers into the secretions of various mucosal and glandular surfaces of mammals. At these mucosal sites, such as the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, urogenital tract and the mammary glands, dIgA protects the body against pathogens. The ...
Shibosawa E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9) plays an important role in the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM). In cholesteatoma there are significant changes in the composition of the ECM, supporting the view of a disturbed cell-ECM interaction. It has been reported that in cholesteatoma tissues, MMP-9 is expressed in epithelial cells but ...
Vermeirsch H - - 2000
The presence of hormone receptors is as important as the amount of hormone to predict hormone action. Therefore, the presence of estrogen receptors of the alpha subtype (ER-alpha) and progesterone receptors (PR) was evaluated in six pregnant uteri including the placenta and in three postpartum uteri of dogs. This preliminary ...
Rinkenberger, Julie
We identified molecules that are involved in the cross talk between the epithelial and mesenchymal components of the developing and involuting mammary gland. The EFGR protein was shown to mediate normal ductal morphogenesis by acting from the stromal cells on the development of the mammary epithelial ducts. Additional evidence was ...
Park K R - - 2000
Cell surface marker CD9 has been reported to play a role in inhibiting trophoblastic cell invasion. Since the invasive properties of cancer cells may resemble those of trophoblasts, we decided to investigate the role of CD9 in the invasion of endometrial cancer cells. In normal human endometrium, CD9 was found ...
Lapointe S - - 2000
It is known that large amounts of leukocytes colonize the uterus, and that these leukocytes can produce considerable quantities of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and other reactive oxygen species that are toxic to sperm. It has been shown recently that oviductal fluid has a catalase that helps to maintain sperm motility. ...
Nisolle M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implantation of menstrual endometrium and the early stages of evolution of endometriotic lesions. DESIGN: Experimental prospective study. SETTING: An academic research environment. ANIMALS: Ten nude mice. INTERVENTION(S): A minilaparotomy was performed to place fresh human menstrual endometrial samples in the peritoneal cavity. Removal of the transplants ...
Hornung D - - 2000
Our laboratories have focused recently on the production and localization of eotaxin, a C-C-chemokine of 8.4 kDa, whose major biological activity is the chemoattraction of eosinophils. Given evidence of autoimmune activity in the endometriosis syndrome, we hypothesized that eosinophil chemoattractants might be expressed in endometriosis. In histological sections, we observed ...
Schlemmer S R - - 2000
Gap junctions are transmembrane proteins comprised of six connexin subunits that facilitate direct solute transport between adjacent cells through gap junctions. Previous studies from other laboratories have documented a correlation between reduced gap-junction function and malignant transformation. In endometrial cancer, a characteristic finding is a reduction in the number of ...
Baeckström D - - 2000
The effects of heregulin on the cell line HB2, derived from immortalised human luminal mammary epithelial cells, have been examined. HB2 cells, which normally form smooth spherical colonies in collagen gels, exhibited a striking heregulin-induced morphological change to colonies projecting a large number of spiky branches. A mitogenic effect of ...
Tanaka T - - 2000
We have re-evaluated the effects of bestatin, an aminopeptidase-N (CD13) inhibitor, on in vitro decidualization of normal human endometrial stromal cells by using an in vitro decidualization activity assay. Bestatin did not show any effects on the viability of both the decidualizing stromal cells co-stimulated with 8-Br-cAMP and bestatin and ...
Soriano J V - - 2000
The protein encoded by the Notch4 gene is a member of the Notch/lin-12 family of transmembrane receptor proteins, which have been shown to control cell fate determination and cell differentiation in a wide variety of organisms. Expression of Notch4(int-3), a truncated form of Notch4 having most of its extracellular domain ...
Jin H S - - 2000
Hormone-induced alterations of myoepithelial cells in the mammary gland have not been fully investigated. The aim of the present study was to examine whether myoepithelial cells are altered in response to hormonal conditions. The immunohistochemical findings of smooth muscle actin for myoepithelial cells were studied during pregnancy, lactation and involution, ...
Skarzynski D J - - 2000
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) has been shown to be a potent stimulator of prostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) secretion in the bovine endometrium. The aims of the present study were to determine the cell types in the endometrium (epithelial or stromal cells) responsible for the secretion of PGF(2alpha) in response to ...
Schedin P - - 2000
The Sprague-Dawley rat is highly regarded for studies designed to investigate the effects of endocrine modulation on mammary carcinogenesis. In this study, we further evaluate the validity of the Sprague-Dawley rat model for the study of human breast cancer by evaluating the effects of normal 4-day estrous cycling on mammary ...
Masso-Welch P A - - 2000
The mammary gland is a dynamic tissue that undergoes epithelial expansion and invasion during puberty and cycles of branching and lobular morphogenesis, secretory differentiation, and regression during pregnancy, lactation, and involution. The alteration in the mammary gland epithelium during its postnatal differentiation is accompanied by changes in the multiple stromal ...
Matousková E - - 2000
Human mammary epithelial cells from reduction mammoplasties were serially propagated in vitro from single cells and/or cell clusters using the NIH 3T3 cell feeder layer technique. In seven passages 46 cell population doublings, corrected for plating efficiency were achieved. The plating efficiency of epithelial cells in the primary culture was ...
Lee P S - - 2000
Salivary gland pleomorphic adenomas are characterized by a biphasic growth of "epithelial" and "stromal" regions. The "epithelial" region is a compactly organized mixture of both luminal and nonluminal cells, whereas the stromal region is composed predominantly of the nonluminal cells. Using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based HUMARA assay on DNA ...
Annab L A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether cells containing the heterozygous form of a BRCA1 185delAG mutation would exhibit abnormal growth or an altered response to DNA damage. METHODS: A primary culture of human mammary epithelial cells (90P) was obtained from the nontumor breast tissue of a ...
Sumantran V N - - 2000
We examined the effects of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and lutein (a nonprovitamin A carotenoid), on apoptosis and chemosensitivity in primary normal human mammary epithelial cells, SV40 transformed mammary cells, and MCF-7 human mammary carcinoma cells. ATRA and lutein selectively induced apoptosis in transformed but not normal human mammary cells. ...
Groisman G M - - 2000
AIMS: To document the presence, morphology, immunophenotype and ultrastructure of multinucleated stromal cells within the anal mucosa and to discuss possible pathogenetic mechanisms for this occurrence. METHODS AND RESULTS: Multiple sections of normal anal mucosa from 30 abdominoperineal resection specimens were analysed by light microscopic, electron microscopic and immunohistochemical methods. ...
Yoshida A - - 2000
Gene expression relevant to abnormal cell differentiation and altered cell cycle in endometrial epithelial cells was investigated immunohistochemically in developing mouse uteri exposed neonatally to diethylstilbestrol (DES). Female CD-1 mice were given daily s.c. injections of 2 microg of DES in corn oil or were given corn oil alone (control) ...
Schedin P - - 2000
Mammary gland form and function are regulated by interactions between epithelium and extracellular matrix. Major glycoprotein components of extracellular matrix have been identified that give survival, proliferation and differentiation signals to mammary epithelial cells. We provide evidence that proteolytic fragments of the extracellular matrix glycoprotein, fibronectin, suppress growth and can ...
Vermeirsch H - - 2000
The aim of this immunohistochemical study is to describe the normal distribution of progesterone receptors in the various cell types of the canine uterine horns, body and cervix. The results can be used for research on uterine and endocrinological pathology, since the impact of progesterone on different uterine cell types ...
Zhang J - - 2000
Eosinophils are present in human endometrium only immediately before and during menstruation, suggesting a role in that process. The expression of the eosinophil chemoattractant, eotaxin, and its receptor, CCR3, within the human endometrium were investigated by immunohistochemical analysis of tissue sections spanning the entire menstrual cycle. Eotaxin was localized to ...
Saji S - - 2000
An obligatory role for estrogen in growth, development, and functions of the mammary gland is well established, but the roles of the two estrogen receptors remain unclear. With the use of specific antibodies, it was found that both estrogen receptors, ERalpha and ERbeta, are expressed in the rat mammary gland ...
Kobayashi H - - 2000
Because endometriotic tissue is capable of implantation and invasion, it resembles neoplastic tissue. This biologic behavior is likely regulated by cell adhesion molecules and enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix. A potential factor in the local regulation of tumor cell invasion is the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system. This study ...
Cella N - - 2000
Mammary epithelial cell differentiation depends on lactogenic hormones, growth factors, and cell-cell and cell-substrate interactions, all of which modulate transcription factors essential for milk protein gene expression. The CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) family and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (Stat5) have been implicated in mammary epithelial cell ...
Cullum B M - - 2000
Submicrometer fiber-optic biosensors have been developed and used to measure toxic chemicals within single cells. Optical fibers that have been pulled to a distal-end diameter of less than 1 micrometer are coated with antibodies to selectively bind the species of interest. This paper describes the use of these fibers to ...
Takai N - - 2000
The enzyme, polo-like kinase (PLK), is a mammalian serine/threonine kinase involved in cell cycle regulation. A great deal of evidence regarding the role of PLK in the cell cycle has been obtained through studies of cultured cells, though little is known about its function or even expression in vivo. The ...
Hashiba T - - 2000
We developed a serum-free coculture model of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) to clarify whether stromal cells stimulate growth of epithelial cells from BPH tissues. Epithelial and stromal cells from freshly isolated BPH tissue were cultured separately in defined serum-free WAJC 404/RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with insulin, transferrin, selenium, hydrocortisone, bovine ...
Bleistein M - - 2000
Hemangioblastoma, a rare benign tumor of the CNS, consists of two main components: capillaries and stromal cells. Despite many efforts, the histogenesis of stromal cells is still unknown. We took a new approach to clarify the origin of stromal cells using immunohistochemical methods. Paraffin-embedded tissue of 24 surgically removed hemangioblastomas ...
Uzumcu M - - 2000
In pigs, the exact mechanism for the shift in endometrial PGF2alpha secretion from an endocrine to an exocrine mode during pregnancy recognition is not known. The objective of this study was to examine whether this shift involved a change in the responsiveness of luminal epithelial, glandular epithelial and stromal cells ...
Fantl V - - 2000
A number of growth factors, growth factor receptors and cell cycle regulatory proteins have been implicated in the genesis of mammary carcinomas both in animal models as well as in human breast tumour samples. Studies on the development of the mammary gland has revealed that several of the proto-oncogenes, or ...
Hahn BRANDI K. - - 2000
Recent studies using long term bone marrow cultures have concluded that adherence of lymphoid precursors to the underlying stromal cells is required for normal B cell development. However, the function of specific integrin interactions in B cell development remains unresolved. In our laboratory, we observed that maximal proliferation of pro-B ...
Sopel M - - 2000
Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) is the cause of humoral hipercalcaemia of malignancy syndrome (HHM). It is known that the peptide as well as its receptors are widely distributed in many normal organs and tissues, where it influences an array of diverse functions which are realized through paracrine or autocrine pathway. ...
Sakamoto T - - 2000
The effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on human endometrial stromal cells have not been characterized well, although production of EGF in endometrial epithelial and stromal cells and expression of EGF receptors in endometrial stromal cells have been reported. We investigated the effects of EGF on endometrial cell viability, 8-Br-cAMP-induced ...
Daniel D C - - 1999
The role played by either of the two differentiated mammary epithelial cell types in human breast cancer progression is currently not defined. This work addresses the question of whether the mammary tumor suppressor gene product BRCA1 is localized in basal and/or luminal epithelial cells in noncancerous outgrowth cultured from breast ...
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