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Maruvada Ravi - - 2008
Escherichia coli K1 and Group B Streptococcus (GBS) are the most common bacteria that cause meningitis during the neonatal period. Complement, the first line of defence in the host, acts on these bacteria to opsonize with various components of complement for subsequent presentation to phagocytes. To counteract these opsonization effects, ...
Simpson-Stroot Joyce M - - 2008
One of the known limitations for biosensor assays is the high limit of detection for target cells within complex samples (e.g., Escherichia coli at 10(4) to 10(5) CFU/mL) due to poor capture efficiencies. Currently, researchers can only estimate the cell capture efficiency necessary to produce a positive signal for any ...
Yamada Akito - - 2008
We observed the change in the physiological state of Escherichia coli cells at the initial stage for establishing a new symbiotic relationship with Dictyostelium discoideum cells. For the physiological state, we monitored green fluorescence intensity due to a green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene integrated into the chromosome by flow cytometry ...
Haznedaroglu B Z - - 2008
The influence of bacterial starvation on cell transport has been examined using two Escherichia coli isolates: one from human (HU) and one from dairy cattle (DC). To better understand the fate of starved bacteria, experiments were conducted in a packed bed column using cells that had been incubating at room ...
Soni Kamlesh A - - 2008
The zeta potentials of E. coli, GFP (green fluorescence protein)-labeled E. coli, Salmonella Newport, and Pseudomonas sp. in different states (nutrient-starved and dead) and grown in rich and minimal media were measured. Capillary electrophoresis experiments were conducted to measure the zeta potential of the different cells suspended in a drinking ...
Perni S - - 2007
Cell suspensions of Escherichia coli K12 and Salmonella typhimurium were exposed to electrical pulses of 32 ns duration at a field intensity of 100 kV/cm and a repetition rate of 30 pulses per second for a total of 300 s. Treated cells were plated onto Tryptone Soya Agar (TSA) and ...
Kolling G L - - 2007
AIMS: To examine the effect that starvation and sodium hypochlorite stress have on virulence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and the influence of conditioned media on recovery of stressed cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Escherichia coli O157:H7 was starved for 5 days then exposed to 1 microg ml(-1) sodium hypochlorite, suspended in ...
Tustian Andrew D - - 2007
The work presented here describes an ultra scale-down (USD) methodology for predicting centrifugal clarification performance in the case of high cell density fermentation broths. Existing USD approaches generated for dilute systems led to a 5- to 10-fold overprediction of clarification performance when applied to such high cell density feeds. This ...
Herbert Erin E - - 2007
The CpxRA signal transduction system, which in Escherichia coli regulates surface structure assembly and envelope maintenance, is involved in the pathogenic and mutualistic interactions of the entomopathogenic bacterium Xenorhabdus nematophila. When DeltacpxR1 cells were injected into Manduca sexta insects, the time required to kill 50% of the insects was twofold ...
Bäcklund Emma - - 2008
A set of mutations in the phosphoenolpyruvate:carbohydrate phosphotransferase system (PTS) was used to create Escherichia coli strains with a reduced uptake rate of glucose. This allows a growth restriction, which is controlled on cellular rather than reactor level, which is typical of the fed-batch cultivation concept. Batch growth of the ...
Ognibene Marzia - - 2008
In Paramecium primaurelia mating interactions take place immediately after mixing mating-competent cells of opposite mating types. The cells clump in clusters (mating reaction) and then separate in pairs. Previous results have shown that sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates are present on the cell surface and are involved in mating-cell pairing. In order ...
Figueiredo P M S - - 2007
AIMS: Detect the cytotoxic effects of the Enterohemolysin from enteropathogenic Escherichia coli C3888 (O 26: H-) on Caco 2 and HT-29-human epithelial intestinal cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Caco 2 and HT-29 cells, which were treated with Enterohemolysin (EHly) within 10-15 min, became round, lost attachment to substrate, showed extensive ...
Morita Yasuhiro - - 2007
Hinokitiol, the major component of Aomori Hiba (Thujopsis dolabrata Sieb. et Zucc. var. hondai M(AKINO)) has already been found to show strong antibacterial activity. In this study, its mechanism of action was examined using Escherichia coli IFO 3301 and Staphylococcus aureus IFO 12732. As a result, it was suggested that ...
Gratia Jean-Pierre - - 2007
In Escherichia coli the process of spontaneous zygogenesis (Z-mating), i.e. complete genetic mixing in the absence of a conjugative plasmid, was investigated further. Spontaneous-zygogenesis-promoting (Szp+) cells displayed strong clustering with each other and with ordinary F* cells in the optimal cell density range for Z-mating. When induced to rounding by ...
Huang Juan - - 2007
The technique of cell immobilization using porous biomass support particles (BSPs), which is attractive from the point of view of simplicity and convenience, relies on the inherent ability of adhesive cells, as a consequence of their growth, to form films around the support material or the ability of flocculent cells ...
Escoriza Maria Fernanda - - 2007
Raman spectroscopy was applied to study Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis cells that were inactivated by different chemicals and stress conditions including starvation and high temperature. E. coli cells exposed to starvation conditions over several days lost viability at the same rate that spectral bands assigned to DNA and RNA ...
Guliy Olga I - - 2007
A new electro-optical (EO) approach was developed and applied to rapidly assay cell viability by using phage M13K07. Since phage M13K07 can replicate only in living bacteria and cannot replicate in the presence of inhibitors, the difference between the EO signals obtained in the presence and absence of the phage ...
Azurmendi Hugo F - - 2007
The capsular polysaccharide of the pathogens Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B and of Escherichia coli K1, alpha(2 --> 8) polysialic acid (PSA), is unusual, because when injected into adult humans, it generates little or no antibody. In contrast, people infected with these pathogens generate specific serum antibodies. A structural study on ...
Ramser Kerstin - - 2007
We describe the possibility of using a microresonance Raman spectrometer combined with a microfluidic system and optical tweezers to study Escherichia coli (E. coli) overexpressing wild type (wt) neuroglobin (NGB) and its E7Leu mutant, respectively. NGB is a recently discovered heme protein and its function still is a matter of ...
Rejman Joanna - - 2007
Challenged by the lack of success of experimental gene therapy of cystic fibrosis, we set out to investigate one of the potential causes of this failure, the barrier function of the airway epithelium and the way this is affected by bacterial infection. In an in vitro model of the airway ...
Varshney Madhukar - - 2008
Double interdigitated array microelectrodes (IAM)-based flow cell was developed for an impedance biosensor to detect viable Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells after enrichment in a growth medium. This study was aimed at the design of a simple flow cell with embedded IAM which does not require complex microfabrication techniques and can ...
Joseleau-Petit Danièle - - 2007
Growing bacterial L forms are reputed to lack peptidoglycan, although cell division is normally inseparable from septal peptidoglycan synthesis. To explore which cell division functions L forms use, we established a protocol for quantitatively converting a culture of a wild-type Escherichia coli K-12 strain overnight to a growing L-form-like state ...
Bernal Vicente - - 2007
The effect of immobilization on cell physiology and how this determines cell metabolic performance is an important concern for developing bioprocess. This is particularly true for genetically modified microorganisms and their genetic stability. For this reason the stability and physiological state of plasmid-bearing E. coli cells were ascertained by flow ...
Manganelli Riccardo - - 2007
Polyphosphate (poly P) is present in every living cell. Long considered a 'molecular fossil', its role in cell physiology has been neglected. However, in the last few years it has become clear that poly P plays a role in multiple physiological functions, the best characterized of which is rpoS and ...
Brown Eric A - - 2007
Growth of human, but not porcine enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) isolates is inhibited during incubation with porcine intestinal epithelial cells and by a constitutively produced factor(s) present in unstimulated cell supernatants. The inhibitory factor(s) is heat stable, not produced by serum-starved cells, and is present in a diverse number of ...
Castro Felipe D - - 2007
Nontoxigenic bacteria are commonly used as indicators for predicting the contamination potential of pathogens in natural or engineered aqueous environments. In this study, column transport experiments were used to examine the relevance of two nontoxigenic strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 as potential surrogates for the well-known pathogen. Experiments conducted at ...
Chou C Perry - - 2007
The advent of recombinant DNA technology has revolutionized the strategies for protein production. Due to the well-characterized genome and a variety of mature tools available for genetic manipulation, Escherichia coli is still the most common workhorse for recombinant protein production. However, the culture for industrial applications often presents E. coli ...
Dodd Christine E R - - 2007
The response of bacteria to sub-lethal injury is an important aspect of food microbiology as many inimical processes to which bacteria are subjected during processing are non-lethal. For pathogens like Salmonella and Escherichia coli, the difference in injury levels of exponential phase cells compared to their stationary phase counterparts in ...
Helbling Damian E - - 2007
The utility of chlorine residual and chlorine demand as a surrogate for microbial contamination in the water distribution system was evaluated. The chlorine demanded by and cell survival of pure culture suspensions of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Mycobacterium aurum were quantified in solutions with initial free chlorine concentrations of ...
Becerril R - - 2007
The aim of this work is the optimization and application of a group of analytical and microbiological techniques in the study of the activity of essential oils (EOs) incorporated in a new antimicrobial packaging material and the research in depth of the interaction between the microbial cells and the individual ...
Boyer Renee R - - 2007
Curli fibers are produced by some Escherichia coli cells in response to environmental stimuli. These extracellular proteins enhance the cell's ability to form biofilms on various abiotic surfaces. E. coli 0157:H7 cells readily attach to a variety of fruit and vegetable surfaces. It is not known whether the expression of ...
Kimura Richard H - - 2007
We report the construction of a cell-based fluorescent reporter for anthrax lethal factor (LF) protease activity using the principle of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). This was accomplished by engineering an Escherichia coli cell line to express a genetically encoded FRET reporter and LF protease. Both proteins were encoded in ...
Tsilibaris Virginie - - 2007
The Escherichia coli K-12 chromosome encodes at least five proteic toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems. The mazEF and relBE systems have been extensively characterized and were proposed to be general stress response modules. On one hand, mazEF was proposed to act as a programmed cell death system that is triggered by a ...
Umehara Senkei - - 2007
We examined the origin of individuality of two daughter cells born from an isolated single Escherichia coli mother cell during its cell division process by monitoring the change in its swimming behavior and tumbling frequency using an on-chip single-cell cultivation system. By keeping the isolated condition of an observed single ...
Inagaki, Minoru
A convenient method for the preparation of a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with receptor activity of bacteriophage φX174 from large amounts of the dried and defatted cells of Escherichia coli C strain was est.ablished. An improvement on bacterium cultivation led to yield over 75g of the dried and defatted cells (309g wet ...
van den Bogaart Geert - - 2007
The effect of osmotic stress on the intracellular diffusion of proteins in Escherichia coli was studied, using a pulsed version of fluorescence recovery after photo-bleaching, pulsed-FRAP. This method employs sequences of laser pulses which only partly bleach the fluorophores in a cell. Because the cell size and geometry are taken ...
Martínez-Martínez Irene - - 2007
A fed-batch process for the high cell density cultivation of Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3) and the production of the recombinant protein glycine oxidase (GOX) from Bacillus subtilis was developed. GOX is a deaminating enzyme that shares substrate specificity with d-amino acid oxidase and sarcosine oxidase and has great biotechnological potential. ...
Schaefer Dana - - 2007
Mating in Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae is regulated by the secretion of peptide pheromones that initiate the mating process. An important regulator of pheromone activity in S. cerevisiae is barrier activity, involving an extracellular aspartyl protease encoded by the BAR1 gene that degrades the alpha pheromone. We have characterized ...
Ropolo Monica - - 2007
Repair of the oxidized purine 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoGua) is inefficient in cells belonging to the B complementation group of Cockayne syndrome (CS-B), a developmental and neurological disorder characterized by defective transcription-coupled repair. We show here that cells belonging to the A complementation group (CS-A) are also defective in repair of 8-oxoGua ...
Thiem Sebastian - - 2007
Chemotaxis receptors and associated signalling proteins in Escherichia coli form clusters that consist of thousands of molecules and are the largest native protein complexes described to date in bacteria. Clusters are located at the cell poles and laterally along the cell body, and play an important role in signal transduction. ...
Cánovas M M Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular B e Inmunología, Facultad de Química, Universidad de Murcia, P.O. Box 4021, E-30100, Murcia, - - 2007
The aim was to understand how interaction of the central carbon and the secondary carnitine metabolisms is affected under salt stress and its effect on the production of L-carnitine by Escherichia coli. The biotransformation of crotonobetaine into L-carnitine by resting cells of E. coli O44 K74 was improved by salt ...
Satou Kazuya - - 2007
The mutagenicity of an oxidized form of dGTP, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-triphosphate (8-OH-dGTP), was examined using COS-7 cells. 8-OH-dGTP and supF shuttle plasmid DNA were cointroduced by means of cationic liposomes, and the DNAs replicated in the cells were recovered and then transfected into Escherichia coli. 8-OH-dGTP induced A:T-->C:G substitution mutations in ...
Ren Xiaodong - - 2007
Extraction of intracellular protein from Escherichia coli is traditionally achieved by mechanical, chemical or enzymatic disruption technology. In this study, a novel thermolysis method was used to disrupt E. coli cells to release a recombinant thermostable esterase. We found that heat treatment of E. coli was highly effective to destroy ...
Martinez-Argudo Isabel - - 2007
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is an extracellular pathogen that utilizes a type III secretion system (TTSS) to modulate diverse host cell processes including cytoskeletal dynamics, tight junction permeability and macrophage phagocytosis. Some EPEC strains exhibit selective tropism for the specialized follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) overlying lymphoid follicles in the gut, which ...
Walter Jessica M - - 2007
Proteorhodopsin (PR) is a light-powered proton pump identified by community sequencing of ocean samples. Previous studies have established the ecological distribution and enzymatic activity of PR, but its role in powering cells and participation in ocean energy fluxes remains unclear. Here, we show that when cellular respiration is inhibited by ...
Xie Xinkai - - 2007
Simvastatin is a semisynthetic derivative of the fungal polyketide lovastatin and is an important drug for lowering cholesterol levels in adults. We have developed a one-step, whole-cell biocatalytic process for the synthesis of simvastatin from monacolin J. By using an Escherichia coli strain overexpressing the previously discovered acyltransferase LovD (X. ...
Ono Bun-ichiro - - 2007
Recently we found that the cells of Escherichia coli strain BL21 producing a fusion protein, GST-Sup35NM, show a much more rapid decrease in colony-forming ability in the stationary phase than control cells. In this study, it was found that an extract of the cells producing GST-Sup35NM forms fibrous protein polymers ...
Hong Young-Ho - - 2007
Escherichia coli cells expressing L-arabinose isomerase from Thermotoga neapolitana (TNAI) were immobilized in calcium alginate beads. The resulting cell reactor (2.4 U, t (1/2) = 43 days at 70 degrees C) in a continuous recycling mode at 70 degrees C produced 49 and 38 g D-tagatose/l from 180 and 90 ...
Dainiak, Maria B.
Macroporous monolithic hydrogels (cryogel monoliths; rods 12.5 mm x 7.1 mm diameter) are elastic, sponge-like materials with large (10-100 mu m), interconnected pores. Phenyl- and IMAC-(Me(II)-iminodiacetic acid)-cryogel monoliths were inserted into the open-ended wells of a standard 96-well plate, forming a system of 96 drainage-protected minicolumns, and were used in ...
Jaeger, Tina
Almost all bacteria possess a rigid exoskeleton (murein sacculus) that renders the cell osmotically stable. The murein heteropolymer (or peptidoglycan) is made up of glycan chains, consisting of alternating N-acetylmuramic acid (MurNAc) and N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) subunits, interlinked by short peptide bridges. To enable the insertion of new peptidoglycan during cell ...
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