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Choi Paul J PJ Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, - - 2008
By monitoring fluorescently labeled lactose permease with single-molecule sensitivity, we investigated the molecular mechanism of how an Escherichia coli cell with the lac operon switches from one phenotype to another. At intermediate inducer concentrations, a population of genetically identical cells exhibits two phenotypes: induced cells with highly fluorescent membranes and ...
Elizabeth Hulme S - - 2008
This paper describes the fabrication of a composite agar/PDMS device for enriching short cells in a population of motile Escherichia coli. The device incorporated ratcheting microchannels, which directed the motion of swimming cells of E. coli through the device, and three sorting junctions, which isolated successively shorter populations of bacteria. ...
Donato Kevin A - - 2008
Attaching-effacing lesion-inducing Escherichia albertii and the related, but non-attaching-effacing organism, Hafnia alvei, are both implicated as enteric pathogens in humans. However, effects of these bacteria on epithelial cells are not well-characterized. Related enteropathogens, including enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7, decrease epithelial barrier function by disrupting intercellular tight junctions in polarized epithelia. ...
Hsu Yun Y Laboratory of Structural Microbiology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, - - 2008
Bacterial pathogens have evolved a sophisticated arsenal of virulence factors to modulate host cell biology. Enteropathogenic and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EPEC and EHEC) use a type III protein secretion system (T3SS) to inject microbial proteins into host cells. The T3SS effector cycle inhibiting factor (Cif) produced by EPEC and EHEC ...
Shabala Lana - - 2009
Bacteria respond to osmotic stress by a substantial increase in the intracellular osmolality, adjusting their cell turgor for altered growth conditions. Using Escherichia coli as a model organism we demonstrate here that bacterial responses to hyperosmotic stress specifically depend on the nature of osmoticum used. We show that increasing acute ...
Chiu Shen-Wen - - 2008
MreB, a homolog of eukaryotic actin, participates in morphogenesis, cell division, cell polarity, and chromosome segregation in prokaryotes. In this study, a yellow fluorescent protein conjugate (YFP-MreB(Vp)) was generated to investigate the behavior of MreB in merodiploid strain SC9 of the enteropathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Under normal growth conditions, YFP-MreB(Vp) formed ...
Wu Jing - - 2008
A disintegrin and metalloprotease protein 15 (ADAM15), a membrane-anchored glycoprotein, is believed to function in cell-cell interactions via an integrin binding motif within its disintegrin domain. To screen its target proteins, the recombinant ADAM15 disintegrin domain (RADD) was expressed in Escherichia coli, biotinylated and used in a protein pull-down assay ...
Kolatka Katarzyna - - 2008
It has been demonstrated that plasmids are not randomly distributed but are located symmetrically in mid-cell, or (1/4), (3/4) positions in bacterial cells. In this work we compared the localization of broad-host-range plasmid RK2 mini-replicons, which lack an active partitioning system, in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas putida cells. In E. ...
Zhan Dongping - - 2008
We report that silver ion (Ag(+)) uptake is enhanced by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), a well known voltage-sensitive potassium ion channel (K(v)) blocker. Both bacterial (Escherichia coli) and mammalian (3T3 fibroblast) cells were used as model systems. Ag(+) uptake was monitored with a scanning electrochemical microscope with an amperometric Ag(+) ion-selective electrode ...
Suvorov Maxim M Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, - - 2008
The cell wall is an indispensable structure for the survival of bacteria and a target for antibiotics. Peptidoglycan is the major constituent of the cell wall, which is comprised of backbone repeats of N-acetylglucosamine (NAG) and N-acetylmuramic acid (NAM). A peptide stem is appended to the NAM unit, which in ...
Tatsumi Ryoko - - 2008
We found that Escherichia coli tolC mutants showed increased sensitivity to 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), a precursor of porphyrins. The tolC mutant cells grown in the presence of ALA showed a reddish brown color under visible light and a strong red fluorescence under near-UV irradiation. Fluorescence spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography ...
Ping Liyan L Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, - - 2008
In Escherichia coli, the chemotaxis receptor protein Tsr localizes abundantly to cell poles. The current study, utilizing a Tsr-GFP fusion protein and time-lapse fluorescence microscopy of individual cell lineages, demonstrates that Tsr accumulates approximately linearly with time at the cell poles and that, in consequence, more Tsr is present at ...
Berke Allison P - - 2008
Cells swimming in confined environments are attracted by surfaces. We measure the steady-state distribution of smooth-swimming bacteria (Escherichia coli) between two glass plates. In agreement with earlier studies, we find a strong increase of the cell concentration at the boundaries. We demonstrate theoretically that hydrodynamic interactions of the swimming cells ...
Adams, Andre Antonio
The dimensions of microfluidic devices closely parallel those of biological cells; thusly, they are excellent platforms for the speciation, transport, manipulation, and analysis of cells. Electrokinetic transport of Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae was evaluated in microfluidic devices fabricated in pristine and UV-modified poly(methylmethacrylate) and polycarbonate. The magnitude and direction ...
Shah Haroun N - - 2008
Strains representing the species Campylobacter coli, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella enterica, and Staphylococcus aureus were randomly selected to assess the consistency of cells preserved on lenticule discs to those archived in traditional freeze-dried ampoules. Each matched pair was cultured using identical conditions and analysed by matrix-assisted laser ...
Zhu Yihui - - 2008
A two-phase, lactate fermentation by Escherichia coli ALS974 generates succinate and ethanol anaerobically from acetate. These by-products can be minimized by monitoring acetate concentration indirectly with dissolved O(2) (DO) during the initial aerobic cell-growth phase. Without DO monitoring, 3 g succinate/l and 1 g ethanol/l were generated while, with monitoring, ...
Birmele Michele - - 2008
A two-component bacteriophage-based bioluminescent reporter system was developed for the detection of Escherichia coli in environmental samples. The bioreporter system consists of a luxI integrated lambda bacteriophage and a lux-based bioluminescent reporter cell that responds to the infection event through acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) mediated quorum sensing and bioluminescent signal stimulation. ...
Stepanyuk Galina A - - 2008
Metridia luciferase is a secreted luciferase from a marine copepod and uses coelenterazine as a substrate to produce a blue bioluminescence (lambda(max)=480 nm). This luciferase has been successfully applied as a bioluminescent reporter in mammalian cells. The main advantage of secreted luciferase as a reporter is the capability of measuring ...
Zhang Xiao - - 2008
The loss of the ability to deaminate l-serine severely impairs growth and cell division in Escherichia coli K-12. A strain from which the three genes (sdaA, sdaB, tdcG) coding for this organism's three l-serine deaminases had been deleted grows well in glucose minimal medium but, on subculture into minimal medium ...
Thiem Sebastian - - 2008
Chemoreceptors and cytoplasmic chemotaxis proteins in Escherichia coli form clusters that play a key role in signal processing. These clusters localize at cell poles and at specific positions along the cell body which correspond to future division sites, but the details of cluster formation and the mechanism of cluster distribution ...
Itan E - - 2008
The shape of Escherichia coli is approximately that of a cylinder with hemispherical caps. Since its size is not much larger than optical resolution, it has been difficult to quantify deviations from this approximation. We show that one can bypass this limitation and obtain the cell shape with subpixel accuracy. ...
Tyagi Amit Kumar - - 2008
Antibacterial activity of negative air ions (NAI) on Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas fluorescens has been investigated. Appropriately diluted cell suspensions of E. coli and P. fluorescens were inoculated onto agar and exposed to NAI (> 2 x 10(6) ions/cm(3)) in an airtight chamber. Although no bacterial killing was observed after ...
Vital Marius - - 2008
Whereas much information on the die-off of Escherichia coli in the aquatic environment is available, only few data support its growth under such conditions. We therefore investigated batch growth in microcosms containing different types of sterile freshwater. The water samples were inoculated with low starting cell concentrations of E. coli ...
Gonzalez Jesus M - - 2008
Metabolic constraints during the production of recombinant protein in Escherichia coli impede the efficient utilization of resources by the cells, thus reducing their production potential. In order to minimize these adverse effects, we have proposed to segregate the cell population into two groups: the first one formed by non-induced cells, ...
Okochi Mina - - 2008
Prefoldin is a jellyfish-shaped hexameric chaperone that captures a protein-folding intermediate and transfers it to the group II chaperonin for correct folding. In this work, we characterized the organic solvent tolerance of Escherichia coli cells that overexpress prefoldin and group II chaperonin from a hyperthermophilic archeaum, Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3. The ...
Mendell Jennifer E - - 2008
Cells rely on diffusion to move metabolites and biomolecules. Diffusion is highly efficient but only over short distances. Although eukaryotic cells have broken free of diffusion-dictated constraints on cell size, most bacteria and archaea are forced to remain small. Exceptions to this rule are found among the bacterial symbionts of ...
Watanabe, Takeshi
Bacillus circulans WL-12, a yeast and fungal cell wall lytic bacterium, secretes a variety of polysaccharide degrading enzymes into the culture medium. When β-1,3-glucanase was induced with pachyman, a β-1,3-glucose polymer obtained from the tree fungus Poria cocus Wolf, six distinct active molecules of the enzyme with different molecular weights ...
Lay Christophe - - 2008
Ultra-fine (<1 microm) microfilters are required to effectively trap microbial cells. We designed microfilters featuring a rain drop bypass architecture, which significantly reduces the likelihood of clogging at the cost of limited cell loss. The new rain drop bypass architecture configuration has a substantially lower pressure drop and allows a ...
Jackowski Marek - - 2008
Microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc. have a major impact on human, animal, and plant life. Several decades ago it was observed that intact cells suspended in an isotonic salt solution moved toward the anode and the mobility was proportional to the density of the charge located on the cell ...
Sotirova A V - - 2008
The potential of biosurfactant PS to permeabilize bacterial cells of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Bacillus subtilis on growing (in vivo) and resting (in vitro) cells was studied. Biosurfactant was shown to have a neutral or detrimental effect on the growth of Gram-positive strains, and this was dependent on the ...
Berrill Alex - - 2008
The recovery of intracellular recombinant proteins produced in microbial systems typically requires physical, chemical or thermal treatment of the cells post-harvest to release the product into the broth, followed by removal of the cell debris using centrifugation or tangential flow filtration. Often a precipitation or flocculation step is introduced to ...
Rasmussen M B - - 2008
We investigated the degree of physiological damage to bacterial cells caused by optical trapping using a 1,064-nm laser. The physiological condition of the cells was determined by their ability to maintain a pH gradient across the cell wall; healthy cells are able to maintain a pH gradient over the cell ...
Narayanan Niju - - 2008
Cell physiology was impaired when enhanced yellow fluorescence protein (EYFP) was displayed on the Escherichia coli cell surface, resulting in growth arrest and poor display performance. Coexpression of Skp, a periplasmic chaperone known to interact with several outer membrane proteins for their transport and insertion in the outer membrane, was ...
Morrison Brittany A - - 2008
Disparate psychrophiles (e.g. glacier ice worms, bacteria, algae and fungi) elevate steady-state intracellular ATP levels as temperatures decline, which has been interpreted as a compensatory mechanism to offset reductions in molecular motion and Gibb's free energy of ATP hydrolysis. In this study, we sought to manipulate steady-state ATP levels in ...
Adachi Shun - - 2008
Various events involving partitioning of sister chromosomes were precisely analyzed in asynchronously growing Escherichia coli cells in various conditions. To examine the cohesion between sister chromosomes, we analyzed living cells growing under various conditions for the number of the replication origin (oriC) copies by flow cytometry and the foci of ...
Hur, Won
The response of IPTG induction was investigated through the monitoring of the alkali consumption rate and buffer capacity during the cultivation of recombinant E. coli BL21 (DE3) harboring the plasmid pRSET-LacZ under the control of lac promoter. The rate of alkali consumption increased along with cell growth, but declined suddenly ...
Choi Inhee - - 2008
Scanning probe microscopy has emerged as a powerful technique for mapping the surface morphology of biological specimens, including proteins and cells. In addition to providing measurements of topographic images, it enables the fabrication of micro-/nanostructures with a high spatial resolution. Herein, we demonstrate a simple and reliable method for the ...
Kazakov Teymur - - 2008
The heptapeptide-nucleotide microcin C (McC) targets aspartyl-tRNA synthetase. Upon its entry into a susceptible cell, McC is processed to release a nonhydrolyzable aspartyl-adenylate that inhibits aspartyl-tRNA synthetase, leading to the cessation of translation and cell growth. Here, we surveyed Escherichia coli cells with singly, doubly, and triply disrupted broad-specificity peptidase ...
Terashima Hiroyuki - - 2008
Bacterial flagella are filamentous organelles that drive cell locomotion. They thrust cells in liquids (swimming) or on surfaces (swarming) so that cells can move toward favorable environments. At the base of each flagellum, a reversible rotary motor, which is powered by the proton- or the sodium-motive force, is embedded in ...
Lee Kwang Kook - - 2008
Inclusion body formation occurs naturally in prokaryotic cells, but is particularly common when heterologous foreign proteins are overexpressed in bacterial systems. The plant disease virus protein CMV 3a (cucumber mosaic virus movement protein) and the 56 kDa Orientia tsutsugamushi (OT56) protein (an outer membrane protein), which causes tsutsugamushi disease, were ...
Vazquez Alexei - - 2008
Obtaining quantitative predictions for cellular metabolic activities requires the identification and modeling of the physicochemical constraints that are relevant at physiological growth conditions. Molecular crowding in a cell's cytoplasm is one such potential constraint, as it limits the solvent capacity available to metabolic enzymes. Using a recently introduced flux balance ...
Hayden Jennifer D - - 2008
Extracytoplasmic function or ECF sigma factors are the most abundant class of alternative sigma factors in bacteria. Members of the rpoE subclass of ECF sigma factors are implicated in sensing stress in the cell envelope of Gram-negative bacteria and are required for virulence in many pathogens. The best-studied member of ...
Singethan Katrin K Institute for Virology and Immunobiology; University of Würzburg; Würzburg, - - 2008
Members of the tetraspanin family of transmembrane proteins including CD9, CD37, CD53, CD63, CD81, CD82, CD151, etc., contribute to the structural organization of the plasma membrane by forming microdomain structures, influencing cell fusion and regulating cell motility. Interestingly, K41, a CD9-specific monoclonal antibody (mAb), inhibits the release of human immunodeficiency ...
Derouaux Adeline - - 2008
The monofunctional peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase (MtgA) catalyzes glycan chain elongation of the bacterial cell wall. Here we show that MtgA localizes at the division site of Escherichia coli cells that are deficient in PBP1b and produce a thermosensitive PBP1a and is able to interact with three constituents of the divisome, PBP3, ...
Yi Song - - 2008
Candida albicans must undergo a switch from white to opaque to mate. Opaque cells then release mating type-specific pheromones that induce mating responses in opaque cells. Uniquely in C. albicans, the same pheromones induce mating-incompetent white cells to become cohesive, form an adhesive basal layer of cells on a surface, ...
Lee Yunho - - 2008
The role of periplasmic disulfide oxidoreductase DsbA in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 (STEC) was investigated. Deletion of dsbA (DeltadsbA) significantly decreased cell motility and alkaline phosphatase activity in STEC. STEC DeltadsbA also showed greater sensitivity to menadione and under low pH conditions. Significant reductions in surface attachment to both ...
Han Jin-Hee - - 2008
Detection of Escherichia coli K-12 in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) was demonstrated in a Y-channel polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic device through optical fiber monitoring of latex immunoagglutination. The latex immunoagglutination assay was performed for serially diluted E. coli solutions using 0.92-microm highly carboxylated polystyrene particles conjugated with polyclonal anti-E. coli. Pre-treatments ...
Medwid Richard D - - 2007
Many types of commercially valuable recombinant proteins produced by fermentation are expressed at high levels in Escherichia coli. Often, high-level expression in the host results in the formation of insoluble inclusion bodies. The release of these intracellular inclusion bodies from E. coli following cell disruption is a requirement for further ...
Olvera Clarita - - 2007
dsrP, a gene that encodes a cell-associated dextransucrase produced by Leuconostoc mesenteroides IBT-PQ, was isolated, sequenced and expressed in Escherichia coli. From sequence analysis, seven repeat units in the N-terminal region were found, as well as five cell wall binding repeats in the C-terminal region. A model of the C-terminal ...
Higashi Kyohei - - 2008
A spermidine excretion protein in Escherichia coli was looked for among 33 putative drug exporters thus far identified. Cell toxicity and inhibition of growth due to overaccumulation of spermidine were examined in an E. coli strain deficient in spermidine acetyltransferase, an enzyme that metabolizes spermidine. Toxicity and inhibition of cell ...
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