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Minocha Neha - - 2011
Trypanosomatids are typified by uniquely configured mitochondrial DNA-the kinetoplast. The replication timing of kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) is closely linked to nuclear S phase, but nuclear and kinetoplast compartments display staggered timing of segregation, post-replication. Kinetoplast division is completed before nuclear division in Trypanosoma species while nuclear division is completed first ...
Tyson John J - - 2011
The oscillating activity of a single CDK-cyclin fusion protein can drive the orderly progression of yeast cells through DNA replication, mitosis and cell division.
Jennings Michael P MP Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, - - 2011
Expression of type IV pili by Neisseria gonorrhoeae plays a critical role in mediating adherence to human epithelial cells. Gonococcal pilin is modified with an O-linked glycan, which may be present as a di- or monosaccharide because of phase variation of select pilin glycosylation genes. It is accepted that bacterial ...
Lee Seungrag - - 2011
We present the real-time quantitative analysis of Vibrio vulnificus-infected host cells using quantitative phase microscopy (QPM) based on interferometric techniques. This provides the ability to retrieve the phase or optical path-length distribution over the cell with nanometer path-length sensitivity from a single interferogram image. We have used QPM to study ...
Lee Doseung - - 2011
Methylelaiophylin isolated from Streptomyces melanosporofaciens was selected as an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor with an IC50 value of 10 micrometer. It showed mixedtype inhibition of alpha-glucosidase with a Ki value of 5.94 micrometer. In addition, methylelaiophylin inhibited the intracellular trafficking of hemagglutinin-neuramidase (HN), a glycoprotein of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), in baby ...
Karadeniz Fatih - - 2011
An aqueous extract of starfish, Asterina pectinifera, was investigated for its anti-HIV-1 efficiency in vitro on human T-cell lines. A. pectinifera significantly maintained the viability of HIV-infected cells as much as 86% of the untreated infected control cells at the non-toxic concentrations (0.05~4 mg/mL) in CEM-SS cells. Anti-HIV-1 activity of ...
Gaudet Ryan G - - 2011
The cervical mucosa of women who are highly exposed to HIV-1, yet remain persistently seronegative (HEPS), presents a unique opportunity to study the dynamics of an immune compartment potentially capable of preventing HIV-1 infection. Herein, we provide a detailed characterization of the immunoglobulin repertoire of cervical and systemic B cells ...
Shen Xiaoying - - 2011
While the hallmark of HIV-1 infection is the progressive depletion of CD4(+) T cells, extensive B-cell dysfunction ensues that impairs the quality of the humoral response. HIV-1 infection causes hypergammaglobulinemia, polyclonal activation, loss of memory B-cell subsets, B-cell exhaustion, aberrant B-cell surface markers, and impaired humoral responses against infections and ...
Myoung Jinjong - - 2011
The lymphotropic herpesvirus KSHV principally infects B cells in vivo and is linked to several human B cell lymphoproliferative syndromes. Here we examine the susceptibility of primary tonsillar lymphocytes to infection by a recombinant KSHV (rKSHV.219) that constitutively expresses GFP. At an MOI of ~1, ca. 5-10% of CD19+ B ...
Myoung Jinjong - - 2011
Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a B-lymphotropic virus whose primary site of replication is the oropharynx. KSHV can infect both T and B cells from primary tonsillar explant cultures. However, T cells do not support lytic replication, while B cells spontaneously produce substantial amounts of infectious virus. Here, we provide ...
Talarico Laura B - - 2011
The antiviral activity against DENV-2 of carrageenans reported here has shown a differential susceptibility of C6/36 HT and Vero cells, taken as models of mosquito and mammalian cells, depending on the structural class of polysaccharides: all polysaccharides blocked DENV-2 infection in monkey Vero cells, but only iota-carrageenans were virus inhibitors ...
Formosa Tim - - 2011
Comment on: Holzen TM, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4735-4747.
Liu Li - - 2011
The shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) into saliva droplets plays a critical role in viral transmission. The source of high viral loads in saliva, however, remains elusive. Here we investigate the early target cells of infection in the entire array of respiratory tissues in Chinese macaques after ...
Bambino-Medeiros R - - 2011
SUMMARYCell surface glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) play an important role in the attachment and invasion process of a variety of intracellular pathogens. We have previously demonstrated that heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) mediate the invasion of trypomastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi in cardiomyocytes. Herein, we analysed whether GAGs are also implicated in amastigote ...
Qin Qun - - 2011
We investigated the effects of neferine (Nef) on STI571 sensitivity and the possible mechanism in STI571-resistant K562/G01 cells. We observed cell proliferation by the modified MTT (methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium) assay. We determined the intracellular concentration of STI571 in K562/G01 cells by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) ...
Khan Abdul Ghafoor - - 2011
The major group human rhinovirus type 8 can enter cells via heparan sulphate. When internalized into ICAM-1 negative rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) cells, HRV8 accumulated in the cells but caused CPE only after 3 days when used at high MOI. Adaptation by three blind passages alternating between RD and HeLa cells resulted ...
Salamat Muhammad K - - 2011
Infection by prions involves conversion of a host-encoded cell surface protein (PrP(C)) to a disease-related isoform (PrP(Sc)). PrP(C) carries two glycosylation sites variably occupied by complex N-glycans, which have been suggested by previous studies to influence the susceptibility to these diseases and to determine characteristics of prion strains. We used ...
Spivak Adam M - - 2011
The cells responsible for the second phase decay of HIV-1 viremia following the initiation of antiretroviral therapy have yet to be identified. A dynamic model that considers where drugs act in the virus life cycle places constraints on candidate cell types. In this regard, the rapid drop in viremia in ...
Wang Yang - - 2011
Streptococcus suis 2 (SS2) is a zoonotic pathogen that can participate in biofilm formation to survive in hostile environments. In this study, virulent SS2 strains HA9801 and ZY05719 displayed increased biofilm formation compared with SS2 avirulent strain T15. In addition, a 58% reduction in adherence to HEp-2 cells was observed ...
Ma Lina - - 2011
There are 48 members of the GP63 protease family in Trichomonas vaginalis according to our annotations; 37 of them are predicted to be transmembrane proteins. Because the GP63 protease family is the largest surface protease family and the second largest surface protein family, they are most likely to be involved ...
Chen Tien-Huang - - 2011
Dengue viruses (DENVs) generally induce apoptosis in mammalian cells but cause only minor damage in mosquito cells. To find genes involved in determining the cell fate, datasets derived from expressed sequence tags (ESTs) of C6/36 cells with and without infection were established. Of overexpressed genes found in infected dataset, chaperone ...
Leung Thomas Kai Him - - 2011
Human species F adenoviruses, HAdV-40 and HAdV-41, display characteristic gut tropism in vivo as well as poor infectivity in cell culture. To address the hypothesis that poor infectivity of HAdV-40/41 reflects a partial block prior to genome delivery, the internalization and trafficking of HAdV-41, HAdV-5 (species C) and HAdV-35 (species ...
Liu Bing - - 2011
Conventional chemotherapy fails to cure metastatic hepatoma mainly due to its high hepatotoxicity. Many plant-derived agents have been accepted to effectively inhibit hepatoma cell invasion. However, the investigation that whether effectual plant-derived agents against invasive hepatoma cells exert unexpected cytotoxicity in healthy hepatocytes has been ignored. This study demonstrated that ...
Kim Hyeon Guk - - 2011
The persistence of latently human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infected cellular reservoirs in resting CD4+ T cells is a major obstacle to HIV-1 eradication. The detailed mechanism of HIV-1 latency remains unclear. We investigated histones and their post-translational modification associated with HIV-1 latency in novel HIV-1 latently infected cell lines established ...
Lara Humberto H - - 2011
Bacitracin and the membrane-impermeant thiol reagent 5,5'-dithiobis-2-nitrobenzoic acid (DTNB) are agents known to inhibit protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), a cell-surface protein critical in HIV-1 entry therefore they are fusion inhibitors (FI). Here we investigated the possibility that Bacitracin and or DTNB might have other antiviral activities besides FI. By means ...
Andrew Amy J - - 2011
BST-2/CD317/tetherin is a host factor that inhibits the release of HIV-1 and other unrelated viruses. A current model proposes that BST-2 physically tethers virions to the surface of virus-producing cells. The HIV-1-encoded Vpu protein effectively antagonizes the activity of BST-2. How Vpu accomplishes this task remains unclear; however, it is ...
Biller Steven J - - 2011
Bacteria must accurately replicate and segregate their genetic information to ensure the production of viable daughter cells. The high fidelity of chromosome partitioning is achieved through mechanisms that coordinate cell division with DNA replication. We report that YycJ (WalJ), a predicted member of the metallo-β-lactamase superfamily found in most low-G+C ...
Wang Jiangfang - - 2011
HIV-1 depends on host-cell resources for replication, access to which may be limited to a particular phase of the cell cycle. The HIV-encoded proteins Vpr (viral protein R) and Vif (viral infectivity factor) arrest cells in the G₂ phase; however, alteration of other cell-cycle phases has not been reported. We ...
Ishikawa Mieko - - 2010
Based on receptor usage during infection, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) isolates can be divided into two groups; those that require feline CD134 (fCD134) as a primary receptor in addition to CXCR4 to enter the cells, and those that require CXCR4 only. Most primary isolates, including strain TM2, belong to the ...
Eekels Julia J M - - 2011
In this study we tested whether HIV-1 replication could be inhibited by stable RNAi-mediated knockdown of cellular co-factors. Cell lines capable of expressing shRNAs against 30 candidate co-factors implicated at different steps of the viral replication cycle were generated and analyzed for effects on cell viability and inhibition of HIV-1 ...
Slanina H - - 2011
Measuring cell proliferation and cell death during bacterial infection involves performing end-point assays that represent the response at a single time point. A new technology from Roche Applied Science and ACEA Biosciences allows continuous monitoring of cells in real-time using specialized cell culture microplates containing micro-electrodes. The xCELLigence system enables ...
Gogerty David S - - 2010
Isobutene is an important commercial chemical used for the synthesis of butyl rubber, terephthalic acid, specialty chemicals, and a gasoline performance additive known as alkylate. Currently, isobutene is produced from petroleum and hence is nonrenewable. Here, we report that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase (ScMDD) can convert 3-hydroxy-3-methylbutyrate (3-HMB) ...
Soufo Hervé Joël Defeu - - 2010
Like many bacteria, Bacillus subtilis cells contain three actin-like MreB proteins. We show that the three paralogues, MreB, Mbl and MreBH, have different filament architectures in a heterologous cell system, and form straight filaments, helices or ring structures, different from the regular helical arrangement in B. subtilis cells. However, when ...
Sun Peng - - 2011
In this study, a high-throughput microfluidic system is presented. The system is comprised of seven parallel channels. Each channel contains 32 square-shaped microchambers. After simulation studies on samples loaded into the microchambers, and the solute exchange between the microchambers and channels, the long-term culture of Escherichia coli (E. coli) HB101 ...
Moritz Tobias J - - 2010
Laser tweezers Raman spectroscopy was used to detect the cellular response of Escherichia coli cells to penicillin G-streptomycin and cefazolin. Time-dependent intensity changes of several Raman peaks at 729, 1,245, and 1,660 cm(-1) enabled untreated cells and cells treated with the different antibiotic drugs to be distinguished.
Ahmad Aqeel - - 2011
Membrane-interaction and assembly of a leucine zipper peptide (LZP), and its single (SASA) and double (DASA) alanine-substituted analog onto mammalian, hRBCs and 3T3 cells and bacteria, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were studied as a model system to understand the plausible role of assembly on their contrasting cytotoxic but similar ...
Roberts Carol L - - 2010
Crohn's disease is common in developed nations where the typical diet is low in fibre and high in processed food. Primary lesions overlie Peyer's patches and colonic lymphoid follicles where bacterial invasion through M-cells occurs. We have assessed the effect of soluble non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) and food emulsifiers on translocation ...
Rayat Andrea C M E - - 2010
Intracellular antibody Fab' fragments periplasmically expressed in Escherichia coli require the release of Fab' from the cells before initial product recovery. This work demonstrates the utility of microscale bioprocessing techniques to evaluate the influence of different cell disruption operations on subsequent solid-liquid separation and product recovery. Initially, the industrial method ...
Zhang Xiao - - 2010
Escherichia coli K-12 provided with glucose and a mixture of amino acids depletes L-serine more quickly than any other amino acid even in the presence of ammonium sulfate. A mutant without three 4Fe4S L-serine deaminases (SdaA, SdaB, and TdcG) of E. coli K-12 is unable to do this. The high ...
Baudart J - - 2010
We developed an improved Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization FISH-based method to detect viable Escherichia coli cells by solid phase cytometry (SPC), and results were compared to those obtained by the standard culture method. The method includes a direct viable count (DVC) assay, multi-probes labelled and unlabelled (helpers) to detect specifically ...
Zheng Gao-Wei - - 2010
A gene encoding an esterase of Bacillus subtilis ECU0554 previously isolated from soil was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21. The recombinant esterase (recBsE) showed the best enantioselectivity (E>100) towards DL-menthyl acetate, in contrast to DL-menthyl esters propionate and butyrate. A high ratio of substrate to catalyst (S/C-ratio, ≥50) ...
Kulikova Natalia A - - 2010
The primary goal of this paper is to demonstrate potential strengths of the use of tritium-labeled humic substances (HS) to quantify their interaction with living cells under various conditions. A novel approach was taken to study the interaction between a model microorganism and the labeled humic material. The bacterium Escherichia ...
Wang Hengwei - - 2010
To reduce the interference in MTT reduction assay, we developed an improved protocol for evaluating the viability of Escherichia coli cells by conducting MTT reduction in 1.5-mL centrifuge tubes and formazan dissolution in test tubes. Our study is helpful in developing protocols for measuring the viability of other gram-negative bacteria.
Yuan Junhua - - 2010
Cells of Escherichia coli are able to swim up gradients of chemical attractants by modulating the direction of rotation of their flagellar motors, which spin alternately clockwise (CW) and counterclockwise (CCW). Rotation in either direction has been thought to be symmetric and exhibit the same torques and speeds. The relationship ...
Bolster Carl H - - 2010
In this study we investigate how growth stage and depositional environment affect variability of cell properties and transport behavior of eight porcine E. coli isolates. We compared the surface properties for cells harvested during exponential and stationary growth phase and their transport behavior through columns packed with either uncoated or ...
Dodsworth Jeremy A - - 2010
Escherichia coli transforms the methanogenic archaeon Methanococcus maripaludis at frequencies ranging from 0.2 x 10(-6) to 2 x 10(-6) per recipient cell. Transformation requires cell-to-cell contact, oriT, and tra functions, is insensitive to DNase I, and otherwise displays hallmarks of conjugation.
Hudson John Andrew - - 2010
The use of replication-deficient UV-treated bacteriophages, or phages, presents an alternative to viable phages for food biocontrol applications. Nontransducing UV-treated phages, if used correctly, are unlikely to produce viable progeny phages, which might otherwise mediate undesirable horizontal gene transfer events. Phage T4 and Escherichia coli were used as a model ...
Yoo Byong Kwon - - 2010
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is known to have several defense mechanisms, one of which is the production of extracellular substances including cellulose. The goal of this study was to prepare pairs of STEC cultures for use in future studies designed to address the role of cellulose in protecting the ...
Junne Stefan - - 2010
The time-dependent development of cell polarizability and length in Escherichia coli batch fermentations were observed at-line with electrooptical measurements. While using a measurement system with fully automated sample preparation, the development of these properties can be observed with a comparable high frequency (six measurements per hour). The polarizability as well ...
Wang Ping - - 2010
The quantitative study of the cell growth has led to many fundamental insights in our understanding of a wide range of subjects, from the cell cycle to senescence. Of particular importance is the growth rate, whose constancy represents a physiological steady state of an organism. Recent studies, however, suggest that ...
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