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Results 501 - 550 of 1337
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Miqdady Mohamad S - - 2002
Formalin-stored HEp-2 cells were used to assay Escherichia coli for adherence. Cells refrigerated in formalin for up to 28 days and used in a wet assay format demonstrated an assay sensitivity ranging from 94 to 98% to detect enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC). HEp-2 cells first fixed and stored with formalin ...
Stone G - - 2002
We have developed a method for visualizing Escherichia coli cells that are exposed to tetracycline in a biofilm, based on a previous report that liposomes containing the E. coli TetR(B) protein fluoresce when exposed to this antibiotic. By our method, cells devoid of TetR(B) also exhibited tetracycline-dependent fluorescence. At 50 ...
Koebmann Brian J - - 2002
The nature of the control of glycolytic flux is one of the central, as-yet-uncharacterized issues in cellular metabolism. We developed a molecular genetic tool that specifically induces ATP hydrolysis in living cells without interfering with other aspects of metabolism. Genes encoding the F(1) part of the membrane-bound (F(1)F(0)) H(+)-ATP synthase ...
Shen Wei-Chiang - - 2002
Cryptococcus neoformans is a pathogenic fungus with a defined sexual cycle involving haploid MATalpha and MATa cells. Interestingly, MATalpha strains are more common, are more virulent than congenic MATa strains, and undergo haploid fruiting in response to nitrogen limitation or MATa cells. Three genes encoding the MFalpha pheromone were identified ...
Fu Anne Y - - 2002
We have developed an integrated microfabricated cell sorter using multilayer soft lithography. This integrated cell sorter is incorporated with various microfluidic functionalities, including peristaltic pumps, dampers, switch valves, and input and output wells, to perform cell sorting in a coordinated and automated fashion. The active volume of an actuated valve ...
Roos Viktoria - - 2002
In several organisms, expression of a gene encoding dimeric hemoglobin (VHb) from the obligate aerobic bacterium Vitreoscilla stercoraria has been shown to increase microaerobic cell growth and enhance oxygen-dependent cell metabolism. In an attempt to further improve these effects of VHb, a gene encoding two vhb genes connected by a ...
Ow Maria C - - 2002
RNase E, an essential endoribonuclease in Escherichia coli, is involved in 9S rRNA processing, the degradation of many mRNAs, and the processing of the M1 RNA subunit of RNase P. However, the reason that RNase E is required for cell viability is still not fully understood. In fact, recent experiments ...
Powers Thomas R - - 2002
In bacterial chemotaxis, E. coli cells drift up chemical gradients by a series of runs and tumbles. Runs are periods of directed swimming, and tumbles are abrupt changes in swimming direction. Near the beginning of each run, the rotating helical flagellar filaments that propel the cell form a bundle. Using ...
Burnett Scott L - - 2002
The influence of treating Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells labeled with an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) plasmid with 20 microg/ml active chlorine, 100 mg/ml hydrogen peroxide, and 80 mg/ml acetic acid on fluorescence intensity was determined. In addition, fluorescent staining methods to differentiate viable and dead E. coli O157:H7 cells ...
Allermann Leila - - 2002
The potential of organic dust to induce inflammation in vitro can be viewed as a crude measure of the total biologically active compounds in a dust sample. The purpose of this study was to further develop an in vitro screening method for evaluation of potential hazard related to low doses ...
Fleckenstein James M - - 2002
We have previously shown that enterotoxigenic invasion protein A (Tia), a 25-kDa outer membrane protein encoded on an apparent pathogenicity island of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strain H10407, mediates attachment to and invasion into cultured human gastrointestinal epithelial cells. The epithelial cell receptor(s) for Tia has not been identified. Here ...
McClaine Jennifer W - - 2002
The attachment rates of wild-type, smooth-swimming, tumbly, and paralyzed Escherichia coli to glass was measured at fluid velocities of 0.0044 and 0.044 cms(-1) (corresponding to shear rates of 0.34 and 3.4 s(-1), respectively), in 0.02 and 0.2 M buffer solutions. At the highest ionic strength, we did not observe a ...
Grass Gregor - - 2002
Escherichia coli zupT (ygiE), encoding a ZIP family member, mediated zinc uptake. Growth of cells disrupted in both zupT and the znuABC operon was inhibited by EDTA at a much lower concentration than a single mutant or the wild type. Cells expressing ZupT from a plasmid exhibited increased uptake of ...
Beausoleil Hans-Erick - - 2002
The thermostable enterotoxin b (STb) produced by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains is responsible for diarrheal diseases mainly in weaning piglets. For now, the only available assay for biological activity of STb toxin was in the animal host (i.e. piglet) or in an animal model (i.e. rat, mouse). In this study, ...
Burnett Scott L - - 2002
Confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM) was used to differentiate viable and nonviable cells of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on and in raw apple tissues following treatment with water and 200 or 2,000 ppm active chlorine solution. Whole unwaxed Red Delicious cultivar apples at 25 degrees C were inoculated by dipping in ...
Carbonell Xavier - - 2002
The transition from the exponential to the stationary phase of Escherichia coli cultures has been investigated regarding nutrient availability. This analysis strongly suggests that the declining of the cell division rate is not caused by mere nutrient limitation but also by an immediate sensing of cell concentration. In addition, both ...
Minohara Shinji - - 2002
Escherichia coli wild-type cells, containing both cytochrome bo- and bd-type terminal oxidases, pumped protons with a H+/O ratio of 4.5-4.9 upon an oxygen pulse, while mutant cells, deprived of either cytochrome bo (deltacyo) or bd (deltacyd), showed values of 3.5-4.1 or 4.8-5.6, respectively. The cell yield of the cyo-less mutant ...
Fujita Ken-Ichi - - 2002
Genetically engineered bacterial cells expressing human cytochrome P450 (CYP) have been developed as new tools to predict the metabolism and toxicity of drugs in humans. There are various host cells for the heterologous expression of a form of CYP. Among them, bacterial cells such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) have ...
Ishikawa S - - 2002
AIMS: In order to clarify the involvement of an energy-yielding system in the antibacterial action of surfactants, the effects of carbon source and anaerobiosis during the growth period on the surfactant sensitivity of Escherichia coli cells were investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and N-dodecyl-N,N-dimethylglycine, at relatively low concentrations, ...
Ringeisen B R - - 2002
We have generated mesoscopic patterns of viable Escherichia coli on Si(1 1 1), glass, and nutrient agar plates by using a novel laser-based transfer process termed matrix assisted pulsed laser evaporation direct write (MAPLE DW). We observe no alterations to the E. coli induced by the laser-material interaction or the ...
Banning N - - 2002
AIMS: The aim of this study was to deterimine the survival of an enteric bacterium in anaerobic groundwater and effluent microcosms using the green fluorescent protein (GFP) marker gene in combination with the viability indicator propidium iodide (PI). METHODS AND RESULTS: The pEGFP vector (Clontech) was transformed into Escherichia coli ...
Premkumar J R - - 2001
Whole-cell luminescent bioreporter sensors based on immobilized recombinant Escherichia coli are described and evaluated. The sensors were prepared by glutaraldehyde-anchoring of nonspecific anti-E. coli antibodies on aminosylilated gold or silica glass surfaces with subsequent attachment of the probe bacteria. We demonstrate the generality of the concept by attachment of several ...
Wu J H - - 2001
The urinary tract is frequently the source of Escherichia coli bacteremia. Bacteria from the urinary tract must cross an epithelial layer to enter the bloodstream. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) alters the polarity of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells. The role of cell polarity in determining renal epithelial resistance to ...
Camaj P - - 2001
We present a novel strategy, termed CISTEM, which allows direct in vivo screening of polypeptides displayed on the surface of E. coli cells by a combination of ligand-mediated protection and phage-mediated selection. The effectiveness of this new approach was demonstrated by displaying the T7.tag on the surface of E. coli ...
Ravindranath T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of burn injury with and without an Escherichia coliseptic complication on T-cell proliferation, interleukin-2 production, and Ca(2+) signaling responses in intestinal Peyer's patch and splenic T cells. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, sham-controlled animal study. SETTING: University medical center research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. INTERVENTIONS: ...
den Blaauwen T - - 2001
Fluorescent polyclonal antibodies specific for MukB have been used to study its localization in Escherichia coli. In wild-type cells, the MukB protein appeared as a limited number of oblong shapes embracing the nucleoid. MukB remained associated with the nucleoid in the absence of DNA replication. The centre of gravity of ...
Choe W S - - 2001
The release of protein and DNA from nonrecombinant E. coli JM101 and recombinant E. coli HMS174(DE3) expressing L1 (the major viral coat protein of human papillomavirus type 16) as an inclusion body was demonstrated at high cell density (OD(600) = 160). For the nonrecombinant strain, extraction efficiency decreased significantly as ...
Moreau P - - 2001
Three indolocarbazole compounds bearing a tripeptide or a lysine group attached to one of the indole nitrogens via a propylamino chain and two rebeccamycin derivatives bearing a lysine residue on the sugar moiety were synthesised with the aim of improving the binding to DNA and the antiproliferative activities. Four tumour ...
Hajmeer M N - - 2001
The thin agar layer (TAL) method was experimentally tested to determine its ability to recover Escherichia coli O157:H7 injured by sodium chloride (NaCl). Cells grown in Brain Heart Infusion broth with 0%, 5%, or 7.5% (w/v) NaCl were spread and spiral plated onto Tryptic Soy agar (TSA), MacConkey Sorbitol agar ...
Azanza M P - - 2001
Decimal reduction times (D-values) of the vegetative cells of Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressum and Escherichia coli in ultraviolet- and chlorine-treated seawater were established. The cells of the test organisms were exposed to ultraviolet- and chlorine-treated seawater and maintained at 20-35 ppt salinity and 20 to 35 degrees C. The dinoflagellate ...
Xu X - - 2001
Mating-type substances are key molecules in the sexual recognition of the odd (O) and even (E) complementary mating-type cells in Paramecium caudatum. Indirect evidence suggested that the substances were proteins and were located on ventral surface cilia. Monoclonal antibodies inhibiting the mating reactivity of the O cells have been obtained. ...
Chandler D P - - 2001
We describe the development and application of an electromagnetic flow cell and fluidics system for automated immunomagnetic separation (IMS) of Escherichia coli O157:H7 directly from poultry carcass rinse. We further describe the biochemical coupling of automated sample preparation with nucleic acid microarrays. Both the cell concentration system and microarray detection ...
Bruno J G - - 2001
Novel immunofluorescence resonance energy transfer (immuno-FRET) assays for both Bacillus cereus spores and Escherichia coli O157:H7 are reported. Both assays involve the use of dual (QSY-7 and Oregon Green 514-antibody)-labeled spores or vegetative bacteria, such that Oregon Green 514-labeled antibodies are quenched by proximal QSY-7 molecules that are covalently bound ...
Wickens H J - - 2001
Quinolone antibacterials interact with the DNA-DNA gyrase complex, but subsequent events that lead to cell death are unresolved. Three distinct mechanisms of quinolone lethality have been identified by Smith and co-workers: Mechanism A, which requires RNA and protein synthesis and cell division for expression; Mechanism B, which remains active when ...
Chesnokova V L - - 2001
Studies of E. coli strain M17 colibacterin and its derivatives showed that fimH gene regulates morphological characteristics of type 1 fimbria and cell piliation on the whole. Gene fimH has a negative effect and decreased the percentage of piliated cells in the population and piliation of individual cells, which does ...
Koppelman C M - - 2001
The phospholipid composition of Escherichia coli minicells has been studied as a model for the cell division site. Minicells appeared to be enriched in cardiolipin at the expense of phosphatidylglycerol. Mass spectrometry showed no differences between the gross acyl chain compositions of minicells and wild-type cells.
Kawakami H - - 2001
In Escherichia coli, an interaction between the replication initiator DnaA and the sliding clamp protein, the beta subunit (DnaN) of DNA polymerase III, is required to regulate the chromosomal replication cycle. We report here that colony formation by, and cell division of, the temperature (42 degrees C)-sensitive dnaN59 mutant are ...
Aydin O N - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It is claimed that local anaesthetics have antimicrobial properties. Our aim was to investigate the antimicrobial effects of different concentrations of ropivacaine, bupivacaine, lidocaine and prilocaine on Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans. METHODS: All local anaesthetic dilutions were exposed to microorganisms for 0, ...
Fischer J A - - 2001
Methionine auxotrophs of Ustilago maydis were deficient in mating; unlike wild-type cells, they neither induced nor produced normal mating filaments in the presence of compatible cells. The deficiency was most severe when cells were located some distance apart, but when in direct contact with compatible cells methionine auxotrophs mated and ...
Zimmerman S B - - 2001
The genomic DNA of bacteria is contained in one or a few compact bodies known as nucleoids. We describe a simple procedure that retains the general shape and compaction of nucleoids from Escherichia coli upon cell lysis and nucleoid release from the cell envelope. The procedure is a modification of ...
Glasser A L - - 2001
Escherichia coli strains recovered from Crohn's disease (CD) lesions are able to adhere to and invade cultured intestinal epithelial cells. We analyzed the behavior within macrophages of adherent invasive E. coli (AIEC) strains isolated from patients with CD. All the 15 AIEC strains tested were able to replicate extensively within ...
Kenney S J - - 2001
Confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM) was used to determine the location of Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells on the surface and in tissue of bruised Red Delicious cv. apples. Undamaged and bruised apples were inoculated by immersing in a suspension of E. coli O157:H7 cells transformed with a plasmid that encodes ...
Inoue I - - 2001
To investigate the properties of isolated single cells with their environment, we developed the differential analysis method for single cells using an on-chip microculture system. The advantages of the system are, (i). continuous cultivation of a series of isolated single cells or a group of cells under contamination free conditions, ...
Jaspers M C - - 2001
Diffusion of octane from oily droplets in different microscale settings was measured using Escherichia coli expressing the stable green fluorescent protein (GFP) from the alkB promoter of Pseudomonas oleovorans. GFP fluorescence intensities were determined quantitatively at the single-cell level after 1.0 or 2.5 h incubation and compared with different calibration ...
Inagawa T - - 2001
FtsH is an ATP-dependent protease that is essential for cell viability in Escherichia coli. The essential function of FtsH is to maintain the proper balance of biosynthesis of major membrane components, lipopolysaccharide and phospholipids. F plasmid uses a partitioning system and is localized at specific cell positions, which may be ...
Li W - - 2001
A quantitative competitive PCR (QC-PCR) assay was developed to detect and quantify Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells. From 10(3) to 10(8) CFU of E. coli O157:H7 cells/ml was quantified in broth or skim milk, and cell densities predicted by QC-PCR were highly related to viable cell counts (r(2) = 0.99 and ...
Park J T - - 2001
Turnover and recycling of the cell wall murein represent a major metabolic pathway of Escherichia coli. It is known that E. coli efficiently reuses, i.e., recycles, its murein tripeptide, L-alanyl-gamma-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminopimelate, to form new murein. However, the question of whether the cells also recycle the amino sugar moieties of cell wall ...
Ogura Y - - 2001
In Escherichia coli, the DnaA protein level appears to play a pivotal role in determining the timing of replication initiation. To examine the effects on replication initiation in B. subtilis, we constructed a strain in which a copy of the dnaA gene was integrated at the purA locus on the ...
Heidrich C - - 2001
N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine amidases are widely distributed among bacteria. However, in Escherichia coli, only one periplasmic amidase has been described until now, which is suggested to play a role in murein recycling. Here, we report that three amidases, named AmiA, B and C, exist in E. coli and that they are involved ...
Goluszko P - - 2001
We used a gentamicin protection assay to assess the ability of gestational pyelonephritis isolates of Escherichia coli to invade HeLa cells. The ability to enter HeLa cells was strongly associated with the presence of Dr operons coding for Dr adhesins. In contrast, the nonivasive isolates predominantly expressed papG, coding for ...
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