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Results 401 - 450 of 821
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Yuan W - - 2001
We examined the assembly processes of the capsid proteins of canine parvovirus (CPV) in mammalian and insect cells. In CPV-infected cells empty capsids assembled within 15 min, and then continued to form over the following 1 h, while full (DNA-containing) capsids were detected only after 60 min, and those accumulated ...
Ziak M - - 2001
We previously cloned glucosidase II and provided in vivo evidence for its involvement in protein folding quality control. DNA-sequencing of different clones demonstrated the existence of two isoforms of glucosidase II which differed by 66 nucleotides due to alternative splicing. The existence of two enzyme isoforms in various organs of ...
Hebert, Sherry Dawn.
The CDP/Cut transcription factor has been demonstrated to be proteolytically processed at the G1/S transition. The goal of my project was to establish an in vitro processing assay which would enable further analysis of this event. The assay utilized whole cell extracts from NIH 3T3 cells combined with purified CDP/Cut ...
Wegener J - - 2001
The quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) was first introduced as a mass sensor in gas phase and in vacuum. Since oscillator circuits capable of exciting shear vibrations of quartz resonators under liquid loading have been developed, the QCM became accepted as a new, powerful technique to follow adsorption processes at solid-liquid ...
Koch F - - 2001
Langerhans cells are the epidermal variant of the dendritic cell system (1-5). They were-unknowingly, though-the first dendritic cell to be described: In 1868 Paul Langerhans published his observations of a dendritically shaped cell in the human epidermis (6). Until the early 1990s (i.e., the advent of methods for mass production ...
Muto S - - 2001
The mammalian collecting duct plays a dominant role in regulating K(+) excretion by the nephron. The collecting duct exhibits axial and intrasegmental cell heterogeneity and is composed of at least two cell types: collecting duct cells (principal cells) and intercalated cells. Under normal circumstances, the collecting duct cell in the ...
Sacchetti A - - 2001
Better-folding Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) mutants selected from bacterial screenings are commonly used in widely different cellular environments. However, it is unclear if the folding efficiency of GFPs is invariant in different cell types. In this work, we have analysed the folding properties of GFP variants in bacteria versus mammalian ...
Hollister J R JR Department of Molecular Biology, University of Wyoming, P.O. Box 3944, Laramie, WY 82071-3944, - - 2001
Recombinant mammalian glycoproteins produced by the baculovirus-insect cell expression system usually do not have structurally authentic glycans. One reason for this limitation is the virtual absence in insect cells of certain glycosyltransferases, which are required for the biosynthesis of complex, terminally sialylated glycoproteins by mammalian cells. In this study, we ...
Sawai H - - 2000
Sphingolipids have emerged as novel bioactive mediators in eukaryotic cells including yeast. It has been proposed that sphingomyelin (SM) hydrolysis and the concomitant generation of ceramide are involved in various stress responses in mammalian cells. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has inositol phosphosphingolipids (IPS) instead of SM and glycolipids, and synthesis ...
Walther I - - 2000
We describe here the performance and the use of microtechnology in a miniaturized bioreactor developed for the continuous cultivation of yeast cells, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in microgravity. This bioreactor has been used on two Shuttle missions, where its functionality was successfully demonstrated. In the future, bioreactors will become a key element ...
Petris M J - - 2000
Menkes disease is an X-linked recessive copper deficiency disorder caused by mutations in the ATP7A (MNK) gene. The MNK gene encodes a copper-transporting P-type ATPase, MNK, which is localized predominantly in the trans-Golgi network (TGN). The MNK protein relocates to the plasma membrane in cells exposed to elevated copper where ...
Iding K - - 2000
Since 1969 much attention has been devoted to the useof spinfilter systems for retention of mammalian cellsin continuous perfusion cultivations. Previousinvestigations dealt with hydrodynamic conditions,fouling processes and upscaling. But hydrodynamicconditions and fouling processes seem to have asecondary importance in spinfilter performance duringauthentic perfusion cultivations. Obviously,alterations in culture condition are more ...
Albrecht-Buehler G - - 2000
During continuous irradiation with near-ultraviolet light (l = 36510 nm; 16 mW/mm(2)) for 2-3 min, live mammalian cells increased reversibly the intensity of one or more peaks of their autofluorescence spectrum from an initial ('ground') level to a two- to threefold higher ('active') level. The effect is characterized by the ...
Watanabe T - - 2000
A new platinum derivative of the form H[Pt(IV)(Hdigly)Cl(2)(OH)(2)] (Hdigly==glycylglycine) damaged the Candida albicans cell membrane and inhibited the growth of the cells. The cytotoxic activity of H[Pt(IV)(Hdigly)Cl(2)(OH)(2)] on mammalian cells was 10-fold lower than that of cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum (cisplatin). Substitution of platinum for peptides is effective for enhancement of antifungal activity ...
Johansson A - - 2000
A mammalian homologue of the PDZ domain containing Caenorhabditis elegans protein PAR-6 was found in a yeast two-hybrid system screen as binding to the Rho family member Cdc42. PAR-6 contains a PDZ domain and in C. elegans it has been shown to be crucial for the asymmetric cleavage and establishment ...
Venturelli C R - - 2000
Differentiation of body column epithelial cells into tentacle epithelial cells in Hydra is accompanied by changes in both cell shape and cell-cell contact. The molecular mechanism by which epithelial cells acquire tentacle cell characteristics is unknown. Here we report that expression of a Hydra homologue of the mammalian IQGAP1 protein ...
Leonova T - - 2000
Gaucher disease (GD) is associated with mutations at the acid beta-glucosidase (GCase) locus and the resultant defective activity of the enzyme product. GCase is a membrane-associated glycoprotein that requires detergents for extraction and phospholipid interfaces for full catalytic activity. Normal human fibroblasts and overexpressing transgenic cell lines were used to ...
Yu R - - 2000
The pituitary transforming gene, PTTG, is abundantly expressed in endocrine neoplasms. PTTG has recently been recognized as a mammalian securin based on its biochemical homology to Pds1p. PTTG expression and intracellular localization were therefore studied during the cell cycle in human placental JEG-3 cells. PTTG mRNA and protein expressions were ...
Chen F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cdc42 and other Rho GTPases are conserved from yeast to humans and are thought to regulate multiple cellular functions by inducing coordinated changes in actin reorganization and by activating signaling pathways leading to specific gene expression. Direct evidence implicating upstream signals and components that regulate Cdc42 activity or for ...
Satterthwaite A B AB Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2000
Modifier screens have been powerful genetic tools to define signaling pathways in lower organisms. The identification of modifier loci in mice has begun to allow a similar dissection of mammalian signaling pathways. Transgenic mice (Btk(lo)) expressing 25% of endogenous levels of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) have B cell functional responses ...
Houle S - - 2000
In a contractility assay based on the rabbit jugular vein, the structurally related drugs NPC 17731 or icatibant (1 to 3 nmol/L) were insurmountable antagonists of bradykinin (BK) B(2) receptors (B(2)Rs). After ample washing (3 hours), the antagonism exerted by these peptides was not reversible. By contrast, the antagonist LF ...
Bhorade R - - 2000
A major obstacle to using paramagnetic MR contrast agents for in vivo cell tracking or molecular sensing is their generally low cellular uptake. In this study, we show that a paramagnetically labeled DOTA chelator derivatized with a 13-mer HIV-tat peptide is efficiently internalized into mammalian cells. Intracellular concentrations were attained ...
Balzarini J - - 2000
The antiherpetic agent (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (BVDU) was found to be an efficient substrate for recombinant Drosophila melanogaster-deoxyribonucleoside kinase with a K(m) of 4.5 microM and a V(max) of 400 nmol/microg protein/h compared with 1.3 microM and 62.5 nmol/microg protein/h, respectively, for the natural substrate thymidine. Mammalian cytosolic thymidine kinase-1 does not ...
Sepulveda P - - 2000
This study presents the manufacture of highly porous hydroxyapatite by a novel technique that employs the foaming of suspensions prior to the in situ polymerization of organic monomers contained in the compositions. This method produces strong gelled bodies with up to 90% porosity that can withstand machining in the green ...
Fujimoto L M - - 2000
Three cell-permeant compounds, cytochalasin D, latrunculin A and jasplakinolide, which perturb intracellular actin dynamics by distinct mechanisms, were used to probe the role of filamentous actin and actin assembly in clathrin-mediated endocytosis in mammalian cells. These compounds had variable effects on receptor-mediated endocytosis of transferrin that depended on both the ...
Petiot A - - 2000
3-Methyladenine which stops macroautophagy at the sequestration step in mammalian cells also inhibits the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) activity raising the possibility that PI3K signaling controls the macroautophagic pathway (Blommaart, E. F. C., Krause, U., Schellens, J. P. M., Vreeling-Sindelárová, H., and Meijer, A. J. (1997) Eur. J. Biochem. 243, 240-246). ...
Abuin A - - 2000
We have previously described the use of homologous recombination and CRE-loxP-mediated marker recycling to generate mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell lines homozygous for mutations at the Msh3, Msh2, and both Msh3 and Msh2 loci (2). In this study, we describe the analysis of these ES cells with respect to processes ...
Sakaki T - - 2000
Heterologous expression systems play an important role in the analysis of structure-function relationships of mammalian P450s. In addition, these expression systems allow practical application of mammalian P450s. Genetically engineered fused enzymes between mammalian P450 and yeast NADPH-P450 reductase have possible applications in bioconversion processes. Combined use of techniques reported thus ...
Frankenberg D - - 2000
Induction of DNA double-strand breaks (dsb) and their distribution are dependent on the energy deposition pattern within the cell nucleus (physical structure) and the ultrastructure of the chromosomes and its variation by the cell cycle and gene activities (biological structure). For electron radiation very similar RBE-values are observed for mammalian ...
Erwin C - - 2000
As readers of science fiction are well aware, the term "clone" refers to asexually produced offspring, that is, produced by a process of cell-division which does not begin with the union of two sex cells. A clone would be the genetic twin of the cell donor. Propagation of plants by ...
Marcel I Ramirez
Metacyclic trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi express a stage-specific surface glycoprotein of 82 kDa (gp82) which has been implicated in the invasion of the mammalian host cells
Hong Y - - 1999
Many cell surface proteins are anchored to the membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) moiety, which is attached to the C terminus of the proteins. The core of the GPI anchor is conserved in all eukaryotes but is modified by various side chains. We cloned a mouse phosphatidylinositol glycan-class N (Pig-n) ...
Aboitiz F - - 1999
There has been a long debate about a possible homology between parts of the dorsal ventricular ridge (DVR) of reptiles and birds, and parts of the mammalian isocortex. Correspondence between these structures was originally proposed on the basis of connectional similarities between the DVR of birds and the mammalian auditory ...
Elagöz A - - 1999
In mammalian cells, the calnexin/calreticulin chaperones play a key role in glycoprotein folding and its control within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), by interacting with folding intermediates via their monoglucosylated glycans. This lectin activity has been mapped in mammalian calnexin/calreticulin chaperones to the central region, which is a highly conserved feature ...
Todorovic V - - 1999
Replication of eukaryotic cell genomes is a tightly controlled process occurring once and only once per cell cycle. Replication initiates at several thousand origins, whose cis-acting sequences and trans-acting proteins have been partially characterized in the yeast S. cerevisiae in the last few years. In contrast, identification of origins of ...
Tomita M - - 1999
We previously demonstrated that insect cells were able to synthesize recombinant human procollagen I as triple-helical heterotrimers when transfected with cDNAs of both proalpha1(I) and proalpha2(I) chains. However, most of the heterotrimers were retained within the cells, unlike in the case of mammalian cells [Tomita, M., Kitajima, T., and Yoshizato, ...
Marino M - - 1999
The L. monocytogenes protein lnlB activates phosphoinositide 3-kinase and induces phagocytosis in several mammalian cell types. The 1.86 A resolution X-ray crystal structure of the leucine-rich repeat domain of lnlB that is both necessary and sufficient to induce phagocytosis is presented here. The structure supports a crucial role for calcium ...
Johnson J C - - 1999
Melanomacrophages (MMs) were removed from livers of turtles of three North American families and cultured. J774 mammalian macrophages were similarly cultured and the MMs were exposed to E. coli(fluor) at approximately 2, 7, 27, and 37 degrees C. At least one third of the MMs continued to function at the ...
Fujimori F - - 1999
The peptidyl prolil cis/trans isomerase Ess1/Pin1 is essential for mitosis progression in yeast cells and is hypothesized to perform the same role in mammalian cells. To investigate the function of Pin1 in mammalian cells, we created mice lacking Pin1. These mice underwent normal development. Although the embryonic Pin1-/- fibroblasts grew ...
Gao L Y - - 1999
In contrast to Legionella pneumophila, little is known about the pathogenesis of other legionellae species that are capable of causing Legionnaires' disease. In this report, we contrast L. pneumophila and L. micdadei for their cytopathogenicity and intracellular replication within mammalian and protozoan cells. We show by transmission electron microscopy that ...
Venters S J - - 1999
The structure and development of the myotome has been extensively studied in birds and amphibians but few studies have systematically addressed its development in mammals. We have used a transgenic mouse carrying an nLacZ marker coupled to a myosin light chain 3F promoter to describe the structure of the developing ...
Renzoni A - - 1999
Most virulence genes of Listeria monocytogenes are activated by the transcriptional regulator PrfA. Previous studies have shown that environmental parameters, such as temperature, pH, stress conditions and medium composition, affect the expression of PrfA and PrfA-dependent proteins. In this report, we demonstrate a threefold increase in PrfA protein synthesis during ...
Mellor A L - - 1999
Some macrophages inhibit microbial infections by producing indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO), which catabolizes tryptophan. Here, Andrew Mellor and David Munn discuss evidence that cells that synthesize IDO protect the mammalian fetus from maternal T-cell attack and argue that this mechanism might have wider implications for the control of T-cell responses.
Sun Q A - - 1999
The intracellular generation of reactive oxygen species, together with the thioredoxin and glutathione systems, is thought to participate in redox signaling in mammalian cells. The activity of thioredoxin is dependent on the redox status of thioredoxin reductase (TR), the activity of which in turn is dependent on a selenocysteine residue. ...
Matton N - - 1999
Repair rates of mismatched nucleotides located at an activating hotspot of mutation, H-ras codon 12, have been analyzed in vivo in mammalian cells. Repair rates at codon 12 are significantly improved in cells synchronized to the G(1) stage of the mammalian cell cycle as compared with non-synchronous cells, demonstrating that ...
Marchal I - - 1999
The most frequent type of N-glycan synthesized by lepidopteran Sf9 cells appears to be fucosylated Man3GlcNAc2,and this has been a limitation for a large scale production and utilization of therapeutic glycoproteins in cultured insect cells. The current knowledge of the protein glycosylation pathway derived from structural studies on recombinant glyco-proteins ...
LeSauter J - - 1999
The bilaterally symmetrical suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the hypothalamus are the loci of the mammalian clock controlling circadian rhythms. Previous studies suggested that all regions of the SCN are equipotential as circadian rhythmicity is sustained after partial ablation, as long as approximately 25% of the nuclei are spared. In contrast ...
Dautzenberg H - - 1999
Microencapsulation, as a tool for immunoisolation for allogenic or xenogenic implants, is a rapidly growing field. However most of the approaches are based on alginate/polylysine capsules, despite this system's obvious disadvantages such as its pyrogenicity. Here we report a different encapsulation system based on sodium cellulose sulfate and polydiallyldimethyl ammonium ...
Kaufmann H - - 1999
Proliferation of mammalian cells can be controlled by low cultivation temperature. However, depending on cell type and expression system, varying effects of a temperature shift on heterologous protein production have been reported. Here, we characterize growth behavior and productivity of the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line XM111-10 engineered to ...
Hooker A D - - 1999
In this study we compare intracellular transport and processing of a recombinant glycoprotein in mammalian and insect cells. Detailed analysis of the N-glycosylation of recombinant human IFN-gamma by matrix-assisted laser-desorption mass spectrometry showed that the protein secreted by Chinese hamster ovary and baculovirus-infected insect Sf9 cells was associated with complex ...
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