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Peng Ren-Wang - - 2010
Heterologous protein production in mammalian cells is often challenged by the bottleneck of the secretory machinery, which prevents producer cells from fully exploiting their physiologic capacity in the production of biopharmaceuticals. Recent advances in the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of vesicle trafficking have enabled the identification of key regulators ...
Kim Jun Hyun - - 2009
The Ecdysoneless (Ecd) protein is required for cell-autonomous roles in development and oogenesis in Drosophila, but the function of its evolutionarily conserved mammalian orthologs is not clear. To study the cellular function of Ecd in mammalian cells, we generated Ecd(lox/lox) mouse embryonic fibroblast cells from Ecd floxed mouse embryos. Cre-mediated ...
Xie Anyong - - 2009
The mammalian Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1 (MRN) complex coordinates double-strand break signaling with repair by homologous recombination and is associated with the H2A.X chromatin response to double-strand breaks, but its role in nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) is less clear. Here we show that Mre11 promotes efficient NHEJ in both wild-type and Xrcc4(-/-) mouse ...
Rosner Margit - - 2009
Dysregulation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase pathway is centrally involved in a wide variety of cancers and human genetic diseases. In mammalian cells, mTOR is part of two different kinase complexes: mTORC1 composed of mTOR, raptor and mLST8, and mTORC2 containing mTOR, rictor, sin1 and mLST8. Whereas, ...
Lambert Matthew A - - 2009
Heparan sulphate proteoglycans are major components of the mammalian cell membrane. Here we show that PagN of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium utilizes heparinated proteoglycan to successfully invade mammalian cells. Mutants defective in the production of the outer membrane protein PagN displayed similar levels of invasiveness of glycosylation-deficient pgsA-745 cells in ...
Merson Rebeka R - - 2009
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) mediates the toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds. In some mammalian cell lines, TCDD induces G1 cell cycle arrest, which depends on an interaction between the AHR and the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor (RB). Mammals possess one AHR, whereas fishes possess two or more ...
Geyfman Mikhail - - 2009
The mammalian central circadian pacemaker, which is located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus, synchronizes and entrains clocks found in peripheral tissues. Skin harbors an active circadian clock that is under the influence of the central clock. This clock, which probably operates in most-perhaps all-types of skin cells, ...
Torres Jorge Z - - 2009
We present an optimized system for rapid generation of localization and affinity purification-tagged mammalian stable cell lines that facilitates complex purification and interacting protein identification. The improved components of this method, including the flexibility of inducible expression, circumvent issues associated with toxicity, clonal selection, sample yields and time to data ...
Yuan Bin - - 2009
Intracellular clearance of toxic protein aggregates represents a promising therapeutic approach to treat protein-misfolding diseases such as Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases. Intracelluarly expressed antibody fragments or intrabodies can be used to bind specific intracellular targets. Addition of a non-traditional secretion signal sequence enables the intrabody to first bind its target ...
Matsui Yuki - - 2009
The glycoglycerolipid, monogalactosyl diacylglycerol (MGDG), containing two alpha-linolenic acids (C18:3), was isolated from bitter melon as a potent and selective inhibitor of mammalian DNA polymerase (pol) species such as pols alpha, gamma, delta, and epsilon with IC(50) values of 17.6-37.2muM. This MGDG also suppressed the growth of six human cancer ...
Tomohiro Shiho - - 2009
PS (phosphatidylserine) in mammalian cells is synthesized by two distinct base-exchange enzymes, PSS1 (PS synthase 1) and PSS2, which are responsible for the conversion of PC (phosphatidylcholine) and PE (phosphatidylethanolamine) respectively into PS in intact cells. The PS synthesis in cultured mammalian cells is inhibited by exogenous PS, and this ...
Lokhov Petr - - 2009
The authentication of mammalian cell cultures and their subpopulations is of great demand in biotechnology and cell therapy. However, current techniques are either not efficient or can be very complex and expensive. Here we report a simple and straightforward approach for authentication of biological cells and their subpopulations with high ...
Lao, Yuanzhi
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2008
Kadowaki Motoni - - 2009
Macroautophagy, an intracellular bulk degradation process and a typical form of autophagy in eukaryotes, is sensitive to physiological regulation, such as the supply and deprivation of nutrients. Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), a mammalian homologue of yeast Atg8, plays a critical role in macroautophagy formation and is considered ...
Jackson Dean - - 2009
It is now generally agreed that the nuclei of higher eukaryotes, and particularly of mammalian cells, are highly structured and that different aspects of this structure contribute to the regulation of function (1, 2). Despite the general consensus, the key mechanisms that link nuclear structure and function have proved elusive. ...
Nakamura Naotoshi - - 2009
Genetically identical cells in a uniform external environment can exhibit different phenotypes, which are often masked by conventional measurements that average over cell populations. Although most studies on this topic have used microorganisms, differentiated mammalian cells have rarely been explored. Here, we report that only approximately 40% of clonal human ...
Williams Damian J - - 2009
The ability to disrupt the function of a specific protein on a rapid time scale provides a powerful tool for biomedical research. Specific proteases provide a potential method to selectively cleave a chosen protein, but rapid control of protease activity is difficult. A heterologous expression system for rapid target-directed proteolysis ...
Krammer Carmen - - 2009
Prions are infectious, self-propagating amyloid-like protein aggregates of mammals and fungi. We have studied aggregation propensities of a yeast prion domain in cell culture to gain insights into general mechanisms of prion replication in mammalian cells. Here, we report the artificial transmission of a yeast prion across a phylogenetic kingdom. ...
Fu Hanjiang - - 2009
tRNAs play a central role in protein translation, acting as the carrier of amino acids. By cloning microRNAs, we unexpectedly obtained some tRNA fragments generated by tRNA cleavage in the anticodon loop. These tRNA fragments are present in many cell lines and different mouse tissues. In addition, various stress conditions ...
金田, 雅充
Thesis (Ph. D. in Science)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 4680, 2008.3.25
Carter James R - - 2008
Comparisons of the relative activities of 11 intergenic region (IGR) internal ribosome entry site (IRES) elements of insect dicistrovirus with 5' IRES elements of the hepatitis C and encephalomyocarditis viruses were performed in insect and mammalian cells. Dual luciferase assays were performed to determine the most effective dicistrovirus IGR IRES ...
Benyamini Payam - - 2009
We have previously reported that the expression in yeast of an integral membrane protein (p180) of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), isolated for its ability to mediate ribosome binding, is capable of inducing new membrane biogenesis and an increase in secretory capacity. To demonstrate that p180 is necessary and sufficient for ...
Potdar Alka A - - 2009
Cell migration paths of mammary epithelial cells (expressing different versions of the promigratory tyrosine kinase receptor Her2/Neu) were analyzed within a bimodal framework that is a generalization of the run-and-tumble description applicable to bacterial migration. The mammalian cell trajectories were segregated into two types of alternating modes, namely, the "directional ...
Plieva Fatima M - - 2008
There is a great demand for improved technologies with regard to rapid processing of nano- and microparticles. The handling of viruses in addition to microbial and mammalian cells requires the availability of appropriate adsorbents. Recent developments in macroporous gels produced at subzero temperatures (known as cryogels) have demonstrated an efficiency ...
Kim Hyun-Jung HJ Biology Department, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, - - 2008
Tissue regeneration through stem cell activation and/or cell dedifferentiation is widely distributed across the animal kingdom. By comparison, regeneration in mammals is poor and this may reflect a limited dedifferentiation potential of mature cells. Because mammalian myotubes can dedifferentiate in the presence of newt blastema extract, the present study tested ...
Yang Sung-Tae - - 2009
PST13-RK (KKKFPWWWPFKKK-NH(2)) is an improved derivative of tritrpticin adopting a beta-turn structure. In order to investigate the effect of dimerization of PST13-RK on antimicrobial activity and mammalian cell toxicity, we designed and synthesized its Cys- and Lys-linked dimers. The dimerization of PST13-RK resulted in a 2-4 fold decreased antimicrobial activity ...
Ohne Yoichiro - - 2008
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a Ser/Thr kinase that plays essential roles in the regulation of a wide array of growth-related processes such as protein synthesis, cell sizing, and autophagy. mTOR forms two functionally distinct complexes, termed the mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and 2 (mTORC2); only the former ...
Czlapinski Jennifer L - - 2008
Chemical inducers of dimerization (CIDs) are cell-permeable small molecules capable of dimerizing two protein targets. The most widely used CID, the natural product rapamycin and its relatives, is immunosuppressive due to interactions with endogenous targets and thus has limited utility in vivo. Here we report a new biocompatible CID, Tmp-SLF, ...
Fujita Naonobu - - 2008
In the process of autophagy, a ubiquitin-like molecule, LC3/Atg8, is conjugated to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and associates with forming autophagosomes. In mammalian cells, the existence of multiple Atg8 homologues (referred to as LC3 paralogues) has hampered genetic analysis of the lipidation of LC3 paralogues. Here, we show that overexpression of an ...
Backliwal Gaurav - - 2008
Various DNA methyl transferase inhibitors (iDNMTs) and histone deacetylase inhibitors (iHDACs) were screened for their ability to enhance transient gene expression (TGE) in Human Embryonic Kidney 293-EBNA (HEK293E) cells. The effects in HEK293E cells were compared to those in Chinese Hamster Ovary DG44 (CHO-DG44) cells. The iDNMTs and iHDACs were ...
Dukkipati Abhiram - - 2008
Baculovirus mediated gene transduction of mammalian cells (BacMam) is an emerging technique for rapid recombinant protein expression in mammalian cells. We constructed two baculovirus transfer vectors that incorporate several mammalian transcriptional regulatory elements necessary for high-level protein expression in mammalian cells. Using these vectors, we show that the BacMam system ...
Majors Brian S - - 2008
The cell density is an inherent constraint in commercial mammalian cell cultures. Here, we describe a cell engineering strategy utilizing the overexpression of the E2F-1 cell cycle transcription factor in CHO DG44 cells that produce a monoclonal antibody in serum-free, suspension culture. Stable pools and cell lines expressing E2F-1 were ...
Hafez Mohamed M - - 2009
In this article, some mucolytic agents were tested for their activity to prevent bacterial adherence to mammalian cells. Preliminary screening for antiadherent activity showed that ambroxol, bromhexine, ammonium chloride, and ammonium acetate but neither guaiphenesin nor carbocysteine significantly reduced the adherence of the tested clinical isolates to cultured mammalian cells. ...
Fluri David A - - 2008
Technologies currently available for the controlled release of protein therapeutics involve either continuous or tissue-specific discharge from implants or engineered extracellular matrix mimetics. For some therapeutic applications the trigger-controlled release of protein cargo from a synthetic implant could be highly desirable. We have designed the CellEase technology, a two-component system ...
Wu Yi-jane - - 2008
AIM: To substantiate the in vitro translational studies of a cross-kingdom, internal ribosome entry site (IRES), the 5 untranslated region of the Rhopalosiphum padi virus (RhPV), can function in mammalian cells and act as a shuttle IRES between insect cells and mammalian cells. METHODS: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter-based bicistronic mammalian cell ...
Yargeau Viviane - - 2008
Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) is a widely used antibiotic which has been detected in surface water samples in the ng/L range and also detected in drinking water samples. To limit the environmental impact, ozonation treatment of waste streams has been proposed. However, the degradation products created by ozonation as well as their ...
Kono Mari - - 2008
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) was first identified as a lysophospholipid metabolite whose formation is required for the irreversible degradation of sphingolipids. Years later, it was discovered that S1P is a bioactive lipid that provokes varied cell responses by acting through cell-surface receptors to drive cell signaling. More recent findings in model organisms ...
Takizawa Naoki - - 2008
Betanodavirus, a bipartite RNA virus of fishes and a member of Nodaviridae family, targets nervous tissues and is the causative agent of viral nervous necrosis in marine farmed fish. Betanodavirus is thought to be propagated only in fish cells because betanodavirus has only been isolated in fish and it is ...
Lackner Andreas - - 2008
Baculoviruses are widely used for protein production in insect cells, and their potential for gene transfer to mammalian cells is increasingly being recognized. Here we describe a baculovirus vector with a bicistronic mammalian expression cassette and demonstrate its suitability for efficient transient and stable protein expression in human glioblastoma cells. ...
Kittler Ralf - - 2008
High-throughput screening technologies allow the identification of genes and proteins essential for mammalian cell division. However, the underlying complexity and connectivity of different biological processes, such as signal transduction, transcription, translation and proteolysis make it difficult to understand the mammalian cell cycle based on the analysis of its individual components ...
Jardin B A - - 2008
A BacMam baculovirus was designed in our laboratory to express the reporter protein secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) driven by the immediate early promoter of human cytomegalovirus promoter (CMV). In vitro tests have been carried out using this recombinant baculovirus to study the secreted protein in two cell lines and under ...
Ong Siew-Min - - 2008
3D microfluidic cell culture systems offer a biologically relevant model to conduct micro-scale mammalian cell-based research and applications. Various natural and synthetic hydrogels have been successfully incorporated into microfluidic systems to support mammalian cells in 3D. However, embedment of cells in hydrogels introduces operational complexity, potentially hinders mass transfer, and ...
Panee Jun - - 2008
Lipotoxicity is closely related to the etiology and complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study investigated the protective effect of an extract from bamboo Phyllostachys edulis against palmitic acid (PA)-induced lipoapoptosis. The lipo-detoxification function of the bamboo extract (BEX) was evaluated using cell culture models. Cell viability was measured ...
Ohuchi Takashi - - 2008
The protein Rad52 is a key player in various types of homologous recombination and is essential to maintenance of genomic integrity. Although evidence indicates that Rad52 is modified by SUMO, the physiological relevance of this sumoylation remains unclear. Here, we identify the conditions under which Rad52 sumoylation is induced, and ...
Yao Guang - - 2008
The restriction point (R-point) marks the critical event when a mammalian cell commits to proliferation and becomes independent of growth stimulation. It is fundamental for normal differentiation and tissue homeostasis, and seems to be dysregulated in virtually all cancers. Although the R-point has been linked to various activities involved in ...
Shvets Elena - - 2008
Autophagy is a major intracellular catabolic pathway that takes part in diverse biological events including response to amino acid starvation, protein and organelle turnover, development, aging, pathogen infection and cell death. However, experimental methods to monitor this process in mammalian cells are limited due to lack of autophagic markers. Recently, ...
Mukherjee Ashis K - - 2008
The molecular weights of two phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2))-interacting polypeptides (kaouthiotoxins (KTXs)-KTX-A and KTX-B) purified from the venom of monocled cobra Naja kaouthia, were estimated by mass spectrometry as 7722 and 7627Da, respectively. Binary sequence alignment showed that both KTXs share substantial sequence homology with weak neurotoxins from cobra venom and ...
Sun Y L - - 2008
To express recombinant proteins in the spontaneously immortalized porcine mammary epithelial cell line (SI-PMEC) currently established in our laboratory, a chemically synthesized DNA fragment encoding the anticoagulant hirudin was used to construct a mammalian expression vector under the control of the goat beta-casein regulatory sequence. The vector, named pGB562/Hi, was ...
Han Binbing - - 2008
The cytotoxicity of fullerene C60 particles on two mammalian cell lines, i.e. the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and the Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, has been investigated. Although innate fullerene particles have a very low solubility in deionized (DI) water, these particles can be dissolved in the tetrahydrofuran (THF) ...
O'Callaghan Peter M - - 2008
The increasing demand for recombinant therapeutic proteins has placed significant pressure on the biopharmaceutical industry to develop high-yielding, mammalian cell-based production systems. Current efforts to increase the production of recombinant proteins by mammalian host cells largely proceed by the lengthy screening of clonal derivatives rather than by directed genetic or ...
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