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Chen Zi - - 2008
The anti-cancer effects of betulinic acid (BA) on Jurkat cells and its in vitro mechanism were examined by using MTT assay. Apoptosis was detected by using Hoechst33258 staining and annexin-V/PI double-labeled cytometry. The effects of betulinic acid on the cell cycle of Jurkat cells were studied by propidium iodide method. ...
Uddin S - - 2008
S-phase kinase protein 2 (SKP2), an F-box protein, targets cell-cycle regulators including cycle-dependent kinase inhibitor p27KiP1 via ubiquitin-mediated degradation. SKP2 is frequently overexpressed in a variety of cancer cells and has been implicated in oncogenesis; however, its role in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has not been elucidated. Therefore, we ...
Kuroda Yoshiaki - - 2008
We established a myeloma cell line (RPMI8226) with cyclin D1 overexpression in which the transfected cyclin D1 gene was stably expressed. D1 transfectants showed down-regulation of cyclin D2. Cell proliferation analysis did not show any differences among RPMI8226, mock control, and D1 transfectants. The number of S-phase cells increased while ...
Bryja V - - 2008
This article is to study the role of G(1)/S regulators in differentiation of pluripotent embryonic cells. We established a P19 embryonal carcinoma cell-based experimental system, which profits from two similar differentiation protocols producing endodermal or neuroectodermal lineages. The levels, mutual interactions, activities, and localization of G(1)/S regulators were analysed with ...
Slagsvold Jens Erik - - 2009
Studies show that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in cancer cells. Recent reports indicate that this effect is due to activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). However, what causes this activation has been unclear. We examined the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on the ...
Kikuchi J - - 2008
c-Jun is a major constituent of AP-1 transcription factor that transduces multiple mitogen growth signals, and it is frequently overexpressed in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). Earlier, we showed that blocking AP-1 by the overexpression of a c-Jun dominant-negative mutant, TAM67, inhibited NSCLC cell growth. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signal ...
Zhang Dongyun D Nelson Institute of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 57 Old Forge Road, Tuxedo, NY 10987, - - 2009
Arsenic is a well-documented human carcinogen associated with skin carcinogenesis. Our previous work reveals that arsenite exposure is able to induce cell transformation in mouse epidermal cell JB6 Cl41 through the activation of ERK, rather than JNK pathway. Our current studies further evaluate downstream pathway in low dose arsenite-induced cell ...
Wolgemuth Debra J DJ Departments of Genetics and Development and Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Institute of Human Nutrition, The Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, USA. - - 2008
The specialized cell cycles that characterize various aspects of the differentiation of germ cells provide a unique opportunity to understand heretofore elusive aspects of the in vivo function of cell cycle regulators. Key components of the cell cycle machinery are the regulatory sub-units, the cyclins, and their catalytic partners, the ...
Joshi Ila - - 2009
Notch signaling plays a role in normal lymphocyte development and function. Activating Notch1-mutations, leading to aberrant downstream signaling, have been identified in human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). While this highlights the contribution of Notch signaling to T-ALL pathogenesis, the mechanisms by which Notch regulates proliferation and survival in normal ...
Garrenton Lindsay S - - 2009
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells are capable of responding to mating pheromone only prior to their exit from the G(1) phase of the cell cycle. Ste5 scaffold protein is essential for pheromone response because it couples pheromone receptor stimulation to activation of the appropriate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade. In naïve cells, ...
Drews Elger, Katherine
The transcription factor NFAT5/TonEBP belongs to the Rel family, which also comprises NFÛB and NFATc proteins. NFAT5 only shares structural and functional homology with other Rel family members at the level of the DNA binding domain, and differs from them considerably in other regions. NFAT5 enables mammalian cells to adapt ...
Chen Xingyong - - 2009
Cytotoxin III (CTX III), a basic polypeptide with 60 amino acid residues isolated from Naja naja atra venom, have potential therapeutic activity in tumor therapy. However, the therapeutic effect in solid tumor treatment with CTX III are still largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated whether CTX III affects ...
Ganier Olivier - - 2008
In mammals, trophoblast giant (TG) cell differentiation is characterized by a physiological endoreduplication, resulting in genome size augmentation. A recent study by Ullah and colleagues (pp. 3024-3036), published in this issue of Genes & Development, now elucidates the role of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs), p21 and p57, in mammalian ...
Choi Myoung Suk - - 2008
Berberine, an alkaloid, has anti-tumor properties in some cancer cells, but action mechanisms are not clear yet. We here investigated the anticancer activity of berberine and possible mechanisms in human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH and SK-N-MC cells. The p53-expressing cells, SK-N-SH (IC50=37 microM) were more susceptible to berberine than the p53-deficient cells, ...
Desai Sukumar P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We explored molecular mechanisms by which lidocaine inhibits growth in the murine embryonic fibroblast cell line NIH-3T3. Local anesthetics can adversely affect cell growth in vitro. Their effects on wound healing are controversial. We examined the effects and novel mechanisms by which lidocaine affects in vitro multiplication of the ...
Kaproth-Joslin Katherine A - - 2008
In the present study, we examined the role of PLC delta 1 (phospholipase C delta 1) in the regulation of cellular proliferation. We demonstrate that RNAi (RNA interference)-mediated knockdown of endogenous PLC delta 1, but not PLC beta 3 or PLC epsilon, induces a proliferation defect in Rat-1 and NIH ...
Sun Hui - - 2008
Spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase (SSAT) is a key enzyme of polyamine catabolism. In a previous study, we constructed a recombinant adenovirus, Ad-SSAT, which can express human SSAT. In the present study, we investigated the effect of Ad-SSAT on the growth and cell cycle of colorectal cancer cells. We found that Ad-SSAT increased ...
Yang Yong - - 2008
We reported previously that oroxylin A, a natural product isolated from Scutellariae Radix, was a potent apoptosis inducer of human hepatoma HepG2 cells. In this study, cell-cycle arrest of BGC-823 human gastric carcinoma cells caused by oroxylin A has been investigated. Based on our 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometric ...
Ullah Zakir - - 2008
Genome endoreduplication during mammalian development is a rare event for which the mechanism is unknown. It first appears when fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4) deprivation induces differentiation of trophoblast stem (TS) cells into the nonproliferating trophoblast giant (TG) cells required for embryo implantation. Here we show that RO3306 inhibition of ...
Bharadwaj Uddalak U Molecular Surgeon Research Center, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2008
Mesothelin (MSLN) is a cell surface glycoprotein that is overexpressed in human pancreatic cancer. Although its value as a tumor marker for diagnosis and prognosis and as a preferred target of immunointervention has been evaluated, there is little information on the growth advantage of MSLN on tumor cells. In this ...
Ren Xianghao - - 2008
Tris-(2-chloroethyl)-phosphate (TCEP) is a typical organophosphate flame retardant and has been designated as a micropollutant in aquatic environment. However, the potential effect of TCEP at environmental concentration is mostly unknown. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the renal effect of TCEP at environmental concentration using primary cultured ...
Fu Li-Juan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate whether Gd is able to exert the proliferation-promoting effect and to explore its possible underlying mechanism. We showed that Gd promoted cell cycle progression with increased S-phase entry in a concentration- and time-dependent manner in NIH 3T3 cells. The effect was further ...
Mori Kazunori - - 2009
Anchorage dependence of cell growth and survival is a critical trait that distinguishes nontransformed cells from transformed cells. We demonstrate that anchorage dependence is determined by anchorage-dependent nuclear retention of cyclin D1, which is regulated by the focal adhesion protein, Hic-5, whose CRM1-dependent nuclear export counteracts that of cyclin D1. ...
Fang Jia-Long - - 2009
Zidovudine (3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine; AZT) and lamivudine [(-)2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine; 3TC] are nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors used to treat and prevent human immunodeficiency virus-1 infections. In short-term incubations (<48 h), AZT, but not 3TC, has been shown to interfere with cell cycle progression. In the present study, we examined if these alterations persist during ...
Yue Zuojun Z Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell Biology, Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2008
Survivin is a key cellular protein thought to function in apoptotic regulation, mitotic progression, or possibly both. In this study, we describe the isolation of two conditional knockouts of the survivin gene in chicken DT40 cells. DT40 cells lacking Survivin die in interphase after failing to complete cytokinesis. However, these ...
Heath Helen - - 2008
The 11-zinc finger protein CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) is a highly conserved protein, involved in imprinting, long-range chromatin interactions and transcription. To investigate its function in vivo, we generated mice with a conditional Ctcf knockout allele. Consistent with a previous report, we find that ubiquitous ablation of the Ctcf gene results ...
Cheng Fan - - 2009
Opioid growth factor (OGF) is an endogenous opioid peptide ([Met(5)]enkephalin) that interacts with the OGF receptor (OGFr) and serves as a tonically active negative growth factor in cell proliferation of normal cells. To clarify the mechanism by which OGF inhibits cell replication in normal cells, we investigated the effect of ...
Lee Eo-Jin - - 2008
The flavonoid naringin has been shown to play a role in preventing the development of cardiovascular disease. However, the exact molecular mechanisms underlying the roles of integrated cell cycle regulation and MAPK signaling pathways in the regulation of naringin-induced inhibition of cell proliferation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) remain ...
Lemiere Sylvie - - 2008
In order to clarify the role of HMW FGF-2 in glioma development and angiogenesis, we over-expressed different human FGF-2 isoforms in C6 rat glioma cell line using a tetracycline-regulated expression system. Phenotypic modifications were analyzed in vitro and compared to untransfected cells or to cells over-expressing 18 kDa FGF-2 or ...
Campa Víctor M - - 2008
The inability of heart muscle to regenerate by replication of existing cardiomyocytes has engendered considerable interest in identifying developmental or other stimuli capable of sustaining the proliferative capacity of immature cardiomyocytes or stimulating division of postmitotic cardiomyocytes. Here, we demonstrate that reactivation of Notch signaling causes embryonic stem cell-derived and ...
Schoene Norberta W - - 2009
We recently demonstrated that treatment of three leukemic cell lines with an aqueous extract of cinnamon (CE) for 24 h produced dose-dependent arrests in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. To accomplish the goal of understanding underlying mechanisms, we selected the cell line most responsive to the CE treatment ...
Piechaczyk Marc - - 2008
JunB is a member of the AP-1 (activator protein-1) family of dimeric transcription factors. It exerts a dual action on the cell cycle. It is best known as a cell proliferation inhibitor, a senescence inducer and a tumour suppressor. As for the molecular mechanisms involved, they largely involve both positive ...
Choi S J N - - 2008
We examined the effects of rapamycin on activation, proliferation, and expression of cytotoxic effector molecules in Molt-4 human T lymphocytes. We investigated the effects of rapamycin on cell viability, caspase family protein activities. Western blots of Bcl-2, Bak, p53, p21, p27, Rb, CDK2, and cyclin B1, as well as measurement ...
Tang Y-B - - 2008
Previously, we have found that the ClC-3 chloride channel is involved in endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced rat aortic smooth muscle cell proliferation. The present study was to investigate the role of ClC-3 in cell cycle progression/distribution and the underlying mechanisms of proliferation. Small interference RNA (siRNA) is used to silence ClC-3 expression. ...
Johansson Martin - - 2008
Cyclins and CDKs play critical roles in DNA synthesis and cell division. Alterations in their function may lead to the disruption of normal cell growth and apoptosis, and subsequently, result in carcinogenesis. Elevated levels of cyclins and CDKs are frequently observed in a wide range of different types of human ...
Matsumoto Kazuya - - 2008
We examined the effects of gemcitabine, a pyrimidine analogue, on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCC) cells. After HCC cells (HepG2, Hep3B, HLF and PLC/PRF/5) and CCC cells (HuCCT-1) were treated with gemcitabine, cellular growth, cell cycle, nuclear morphology and activity of signaling molecules were evaluated by WST-8 assays, ...
Cheng Aiyang A Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8024, - - 2008
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) control cell cycle transitions and progression. In addition to their activation via binding to cyclins, CDKs can be activated via binding to an unrelated class of cell cycle regulators termed Speedy/Ringo (S/R) proteins. Although mammals contain at least five distinct Speedy/Ringo homologues, the specific functions of members ...
Hochegger Helfrid - - 2008
Cell-cycle transitions in higher eukaryotes are regulated by different cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and their activating cyclin subunits. Based on pioneering findings that a dominant-negative mutation of CDK1 blocks the cell cycle at G2-M phase, whereas dominant-negative CDK2 inhibits the transition into S phase, a model of cell-cycle control has emerged ...
Neganova I I North East Institute for Stem Cell Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, International Centre for Life, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2009
One of the characteristic features of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) is the competence for self-renewal and pluripotency. To date, little is known about cell cycle regulation in these cells and how the cell cycle machinery influences hESCs properties. A common feature of human, murine and primate ESCs is the ...
Kothapalli Devashish - - 2008
Hyaluronan, a widely distributed component of the extracellular matrix, exists in a high molecular weight (native) form and lower molecular weight form (HMW- and LMW-HA, respectively). These different forms of hyaluronan bind to CD44 but elicit distinct effects on cellular function. A striking example is the opposing effects of HMW- ...
Zheng Duo D The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, Minnesota 55912, - - 2008
Cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk)-3, a member of the cdk family of kinases, plays a critical role in cell cycle regulation and is involved in G(0)-G(1) and G(1)-S cell cycle transitions. However, the role of cdk3 in cell proliferation, as well as cell transformation, is not yet clearly understood. Here, we report ...
Luo Jian J Department of General Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei Province, - - 2008
To investigate the effects of exogenously mutated p27(kipl) (p27) on proliferation and apoptosis of human cholangiocarcinoma cell line, QBC(939)in vivo. Adenviral vectors were used to transfect mutated p27 cDNA into human QBC(939)cell line. Expression of p27 was detected by RT-PCR. Western blot. Cell growth, morphological change, cell cycle, apoptosis and ...
Xu Ligang - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To explore the re-expression of cell cycle related proteins and delayed neuronal death after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats and to investigate the relationship between aberrant expression of cell cycle proteins and apoptotic cell death. METHODS: Rat model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion was established by permanent bilateral common carotid ...
Kim Eun-Min - - 2008
Clonorchis sinensis is one of the most prevalent parasitic helminths in Korea. Although cholangiocarcinoma can be induced by C. sinensis infection, the underlying mechanism is not clearly understood. To assess the role of C. sinensis infection in carcinogenesis, an in vitro system was established using the human epithelial cell line ...
Donà Francesca - - 2008
In mammalian cells, the H2AX histone is rapidly phosphorylated upon the induction of DNA double strand breaks and promotes their repair, which is required for preserving genomic integrity. Etoposide is an inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II, which causes DNA breaks and induces H2AX phosphorylation. To elucidate whether H2AX may affect ...
Simmons Kovacs Laura A - - 2008
It is widely accepted that the central cell cycle oscillator is based on cyclin/CDK complexes. In a recent study, we challenged this model, and showed that a transcription factor network can drive correctly-timed periodic events independent of cyclin/CDK functions. The transcription factor network oscillator was revealed in budding yeast cells ...
Nakamura Keiichiro - - 2008
Currently, several therapeutic approaches including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are available for the treatment of endometrial cancer. However, endometrial cancer cells may survive, resulting in relapse of the disease, and ultimately causing demise of the patient. Hepsin is a cell surface-expressed chymotrypsin-like serine protease and a member of the ...
Wang Chong-Zhi CZ Tang Center for Herbal Medicine Research, The Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2008
Former studies have shown that extract from American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) may possess certain antiproliferative effects on cancer cells. In this study, the chemical constituents of both untreated and heat-processed American ginseng and their antiproliferative activities on human breast cancer cells were evaluated. American ginseng roots were steamed at 120 ...
Klein Eric A - - 2008
Cyclin D1 gene induction is a key event in G1 phase progression. Our previous studies indicated that signaling to cyclin D1 is cell type-dependent because the timing of cyclin D1 gene expression in MCF10A mammary epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells such as fibroblasts and vascular smooth muscle cells is very ...
Zhou Xiaolei - - 2008
Myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) plays a crucial role in the cell migration and tumor metastasis. Herein, we investigated the signaling pathways involved in MLCK using ML-7, a specific inhibitor of MLCK, in breast cancer cell proliferation and migration. Our data showed that reduction of MLCK in breast cancer cells mediated ...
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