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Zhang Jie J Graduate Center for Toxicology, Chandler Medical Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, - - 2009
Bmi-1 is a polycomb protein that plays an important role in tumor cell development and maintaining stem cell populations of many cell lineages. Here we identify a polymorphism in human Bmi-1 that changes a cysteine within its RING domain to tyrosine. This C18Y polymorphism is associated with a significant decrease ...
Suzuki Toru - - 2009
Krüppel-like factor 5 (KLF5), originally isolated as a regulator of phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells, induces pathological cell growth and is expressed in the neointima. Although induction of KLF5 up-regulates growth factors like platelet-derived growth factor-A chain, how KLF5 actually contributes to vascular remodeling, notably its direct effects ...
Amendola D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the antiproliferative effect of Myc down-regulation via cell proliferation inhibition, cell cycle perturbation and apoptosis in two human astrocytoma models (T98G and ADF) steadily expressing an inducible c-myc Anti-sense RNA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell growth experiments were performed using the trypan blue dye exclusion test and cell ...
Lee Won-Hee - - 2009
High temperature heat treatment of ginseng (Panax ginseng, C.A. Meyer) generates KG-135 (heat-processed neoginseng) which contains a mixture of three major ginseng saponins, ginsenosides Rk1, Rg3 and Rg5. Ginsenosides, particularly of the diol-type including Rk1, Rg3 and Rg5, have been shown to induce cell growth arrest in various cell types ...
Liao Qian-Jin - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Our previous study revealed that diallyl disulfide (DADS) significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest at G(2)/M phase of human colon cancer SW480 cells. However, the molecular mechanism of cell cycle arrest remains unclear. This study was to investigate the role and the molecular mechanism ...
Lee Yeo Myeong - - 2009
Isoliquiritigenin (ISL), a flavonoid chalcone that is present in licorice, shallot, and bean sprouts, is known to have antitumorigenic activities. The present study examined whether ISL alters prostate cancer cell cycle progression. DU145 human and MatLyLu (MLL) rat prostate cancer cells were cultured with various concentrations of ISL. In both ...
Xiao Xueming X Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI 53792-7375, - - 2009
Notch1 is a multifunctional transmembrane receptor that regulates cellular differentiation, development, proliferation, and survival in a variety of contexts. We have previously shown that Notch1 may function as a tumor suppressor and that histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors can induce Notch1 expression in some endocrine cancers. Here, we showed that although ...
Siqueira Jarbas Mota - - 2009
AIMS: We evaluated both in vitro and in vivo antitumoral properties of an isolated compound from Wilbrandia ebracteata, dihydrocucurbitacin-B (DHCB), using B16F10 cells (murine melanoma). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We made use of MTT and (3)H-Thymidine assays to investigate the cell viability and cell proliferation, flow cytometry analysis to monitor cell ...
Kwon Yong-Jun - - 2009
Lysophospholipids regulate a wide array of biological processes including cell survival and proliferation. In our previous studies, we found that in addition to SRE, CRE is required for maximal c-fos promoter activation triggered by lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). c-fos is an early indicator of various cells into the cell cycle after ...
Cheon Chan Woo CW Department of Surgery, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University, Busan, South - - 2009
To determine the cytological and molecular effects of peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma and PPAR-gamma agonists on stomach cancer cells. To determine the proliferation-suppressive effects of troglitazone and ciglitazone, SNU-216 and SNU-668 stomach cancer cells were plated in media containing 40 micromol/L troglitazone and ciglitazone at a density of 1 multiply ...
Li, Min
Abstract The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a multi-subunit E3 ubiquitin ligase playing essential functions in mitosis. It is conserved from yeast to human and relies on two adaptor proteins, Cdc20 and Cdh1, to bring in substrates. Both APC Cdc20 and APC Cdh1 are implicated in the control of mitosis ...
Toettcher Jared E JE Department of Biological Engineering, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2009
In response to DNA damage, cells arrest at specific stages in the cell cycle. This arrest must fulfill at least 3 requirements: it must be activated promptly; it must be sustained as long as damage is present to prevent loss of genomic information; and after the arrest, cells must re-enter ...
Cheng, Fan
Opioid growth factor (OGF) is an endogenous opioid peptide ([Met5]-enkephalin) that interacts with the OGF receptor (OGFr), and serves as a tonically active negative growth factor in neoplasia. Previous studies showed that OGF inhibits the growth of human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells and pancreatic cancer cells ...
Zhang Tao - - 2009
INSM1 is a zinc finger transcription factor that plays an important role in pancreatic beta-cell development. To further evaluate its role in cell fate determination, we investigated INSM1 effects on cell cycle function. The cyclin box of cyclin D1 is essential for INSM1 binding. Competitive pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation revealed that ...
Chulu Julius L C - - 2009
Cell cycle progression and cell division are driven by the sequential activation of a group of serine-threonine kinases called cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks). Multiple Cdks control the cell cycle in mammals and have been long considered essential for normal proliferation, development and homeostasis. The importance of the Cdk-cyclin complexes in cell ...
Khandelwal Payal - - 2009
Y-box binding protein YB-1 is a multifunctional protein involved in cell proliferation, regulation of transcription and translation. Our previous study indicated that disruption of one allele of Chk-YB-1b gene in DT-40 cells resulted in major defects in the cell cycle. The abnormalities seen in heterozygous mutants could be attributed to ...
Giri Biplab - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Curcumin, an active ingredient of turmeric with no discernable toxicity, inhibits the growth of transformed cells and the development and progression of colon carcinogenesis in experimental animals. Recent data from one of our laboratories demonstrated that a crude skin extract or a purified crystalline compound (Bufo melanostictus-antineoplastic factor 1, ...
Juengel Eva - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Treatment options for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are limited due to resistance to chemo- and radiotherapy. The development of small-molecule multikinase inhibitors has now opened novel treatment options. We evaluated the influence of the receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor AEE788, applied alone or combined with the mammalian target of ...
Brucka Aleksandra - - 2009
In our research we investigated immunohistochemical expression of cell cycle proteins protein p21, cyclin D1 and cyclin E in physiological endometrium (n = 15), hyperplastic endometrium (n = 61), and post hormone replacement therapy endometrium (n = 24). We performed immunohistochemical analysis of selected cell cycle proteins in 100 specimens ...
Drews-Elger Katherine - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypertonicity can perturb cellular functions, induce DNA damage-like responses and inhibit proliferation. The transcription factor NFAT5 induces osmoprotective gene products that allow cells to adapt to sustained hypertonic conditions. Although it is known that NFAT5-deficient lymphocytes and renal medullary cells have reduced proliferative capacity and viability under hypertonic stress, ...
Alfieri Roberta - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The cell cycle is a complex process that allows eukaryotic cells to replicate chromosomal DNA and partition it into two daughter cells. A relevant regulatory step is in the G0/G1 phase, a point called the restriction (R) point where intracellular and extracellular signals are monitored and integrated.Subcellular localization of ...
Tang Li - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Progesterone plays an important role in the proliferation and differentiation of human endometrial cells (hECs). Large-dose treatment with progesterone has been used for treatment of endometrial proliferative disorders. However, the mechanisms behind remain unknown. METHODS: To investigate the role of cyclin B1 in proliferation and differentiation of hECs in ...
Frisa Phyllis S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To obtain non-relative measures of cell proteins, purified preparations of the same proteins are used as standards in Western blots. We have previously quantified SV40 large T antigen expressed over a several fold range in different cell lines and correlated the average number of molecules to average fluorescence obtained ...
Fang Wen-Kuei - - 2009
This study evaluated the proliferation effects of huangqi on neuron regeneration. We investigated the molecular mechanisms, which include: (1) cyclin D1, A, E-cell cycle factors and MAPK signaling proliferation (2) FGF-2-UPA-MMPs migration signaling. After treatment with various Huanqi concentrations (1.25, 12.5, 125, 250 and 500 microg/ml,), we observed that Huanqi ...
Lavecchia Antonio - - 2009
Members of the cell division cycle 25 (Cdc25) family of proteins are highly conserved dual specificity phosphatases, which play a fundamental role in transitions between cell cycle phases during normal cell division through the activation of CdK/cyclin complexes. Furthermore, they are important targets of checkpoints in cellular pathways in the ...
Alao John P - - 2009
The ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) and the ATM- related (ATR) kinases play a central role in facilitating the resistance of cancer cells to genotoxic treatment regimens. The components of the ATM and ATR regulated signaling pathways thus provide attractive pharmacological targets, since their inhibition enhances cellular sensitivity to chemo- and ...
Shin Ho Cheol - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are involved in the regulation of the cell cycle and the growth of tumor cells. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effect and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in head and neck cancer cells treated by a novel CDK inhibitor, 2-[1,1'-biphenyl]- 4-yl-N-[5-(1,1-dioxo-1lambda(6)-isothiazolidin-2-yl)-1H-indazol-3-yl] acetamide (BAI). METHODS: Cell ...
Kosmaczewska Agata - - 2009
The most recent studies emphasize a link between B-cell proliferation in vivo and clinical outcome of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). The expression of cyclin D2 in B-CLL cells isolated from the peripheral blood of 27 untreated patients in relation to the apoptosis ratio both before and 72 h after ...
Wang Xiaohui - - 2009
Cyclin A(2) is critical for the initiation of DNA replication, transcription and cell cycle regulation. Cumulative evidences indicate that the deregulation of cyclin A(2) is tightly linked to the chromosomal instability, neoplastic transformation and tumor proliferation. Here we report that treatment of chronic myelogenous leukaemia K562 cells with doxorubicin results ...
Gourguechon Stephane - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Trypanosoma brucei cell cycle is regulated by combinations of cyclin/CRKs (cdc2 related kinases). Recently, two additional cyclins (CYC10, CYC11) and six new CRK (CRK7-12) homologues were identified in the T. brucei genome database 12. RESULTS: Individual RNAi knockdowns of these new proteins in the procyclic form of T. ...
Wesierska-Gadek J??zefa - - 2009
Increased expression and activity of proteins driving cell cycle progression as well as inactivation of endogenous inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) enhance the proliferative potential of cells. Escape of cells during malignant transformation from the proper cell cycle control rendering them independent from growth factors provides rationale for therapeutic targeting ...
Cayo Max A - - 2009
Pheochromocytoma is a neuroendocrine (NE) tumor of the adrenal medulla for which surgical resection is the only therapy. However, 10-46% of tumors are metastatic or have malignant features, and are often inoperable. Our lab has demonstrated the importance of the Notch1 signaling pathway in NE neoplasia, indicating that this pathway ...
Wang Yi-Zheng - - 2009
Our goals were to examine the dual-directional regulation effects of resveratrol (1) in vitro by using MCF-7 cells (estradiol receptor-positive cells), study its mechanism of action, and give a systematical analysis of the regulatory networks of each related factor. An MTT test and growth curve showed that the proliferation of ...
Fang Zhiyuan - - 2009
ERK1/2 activation leads to the release of E2F that could bind to the E2F binding sites in the inverted CCAAT box binding protein (ICBP90) gene promoter. Therefore, in the present study the relationship between ERK1/2 signaling and ICBP90 in the regulation of Jurkat T cell proliferation was explored. Jurkat T ...
Choi Hyun Ju - - 2009
3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM), an indole derivative produced in the stomach after the consumption of broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables, has been demonstrated to exert anti-cancer effects in both in vivo and in vitro models. We have previously determined that DIM (0 - 30 micromol/L) inhibited the growth of HT-29 human colon ...
Nishi Kayoko - - 2009
To understand the relationship between permanent cell cycle exit and differentiation the immortalized keratinocyte cell line, SIK and the squamous cell carcinoma, SCC9 were compared during differentiation induced by anchorage-deprivation. The SIK cells when placed in suspension culture promptly lost almost all ability to reinitiate growth by 2 days concomitantly ...
Bourgo Ryan J RJ Department of Cancer Biology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2009
High-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) encodes two oncoproteins, E6 and E7, which are vital to viral replication and contribute to the development of cervical cancer. HPV16 E7 can target over 20 cellular proteins, but is best known for inactivating the retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor. RB functions by restraining cells from ...
Li Min M Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2009
The anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a multi-subunit E3 ubiquitin ligase playing essential functions in mitosis. It is conserved from yeast to human and relies on two adaptor proteins, Cdc20 and Cdh1, to bring in substrates. Both APCCdc20 and APCCdh1 are implicated in the control of mitosis through mediating ubiquitination ...
Das Gaurav G Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, John A Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA. - - 2009
Maintaining the correct balance of proliferation versus differentiation in retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) is essential for proper development of the retina. The cell cycle regulator cyclin D1 is expressed in RPCs, and mice with a targeted null allele at the cyclin D1 locus (Ccnd1-/-) have microphthalmia and hypocellular retinas, the ...
Liu Peijun P Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 670 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2009
Defects in DNA replication are implicated as early and causal events in malignancy. However, the immediate effects of impaired DNA replication licensing on cell cycle progression of non-malignant human cells are unknown. Therefore, we have investigated the acute effects of Mcm7 ablation using synchronized cultures of untransformed Human Dermal Fibroblasts ...
Hu H - - 2009
The relationship between smoking and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has been confirmed by epidemiology. Cyclin D(1) plays a critical role in regulating the cell cycle; it is an important regulator of cell cycle and can function as a transcriptional co-regulator. The importance of cyclin D(1) makes it an attractive ...
Real Pedro J PJ Institute for Cancer Genetics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2009
Gamma-secretase inhibitors (GSIs) block the activation of the oncogenic protein Notch homolog-1 (NOTCH1) in T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). However, limited antileukemic cytotoxicity and severe gastrointestinal toxicity have restricted the clinical application of these targeted drugs. Here we show that combination therapy with GSIs plus glucocorticoids can improve the ...
Kuntz Sabine - - 2009
Oligosaccharides are present in human milk in large amounts and in a high variety. We have previously shown that these oligosaccharides are strong inhibitors of proliferation and inducers of differentiation in intestinal cell lines. To elucidate the molecular mechanism, we investigated the influence on cell cycle events via flow cytometry ...
Ochocinska M J MJ Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences and The Neuroscience Graduate Program, W.K. Kellogg Eye Center, 1000 Wall Street, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-0714, - - 2009
neuroD is a member of the family of proneural genes, which function to regulate the cell cycle, cell fate determination and cellular differentiation. In the retinas of larval and adult teleosts, neuroD is expressed in two populations of post-mitotic cells, a subset of amacrine cells and nascent cone photoreceptors, and ...
Ding Jianyong - - 2009
Treatment of various types of cells with the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) channel opener, diazoxide, preconditions cells to subsequent injuries and inhibits apoptosis. However, the role and mechanism(s) of diazoxide in solid tumor cell growth are largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that diazoxide inhibited the proliferation of lung cancer cells as ...
Tapia Rocio - - 2009
Here, we have studied the effect of the tight junction protein zona occludens (ZO)-2 on cyclin D1 (CD1) protein expression. CD1 is essential for cell progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. We have found that in cultures of synchronized Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, ZO-2 inhibits cell proliferation ...
Al Sorkhy Mohammad - - 2009
Spy1A is a cyclin-like protein required for progression through the G(1)/S phase of the cell cycle. Elevated Spy1A protein levels have been implicated in tumorigenesis and are attributed to overriding the DNA damage response and enhancing cell proliferation. Understanding how Spy1A is produced and degraded is essential in resolving how ...
Chen Zi - - 2008
The anti-cancer effects of betulinic acid (BA) on Jurkat cells and its in vitro mechanism were examined by using MTT assay. Apoptosis was detected by using Hoechst33258 staining and annexin-V/PI double-labeled cytometry. The effects of betulinic acid on the cell cycle of Jurkat cells were studied by propidium iodide method. ...
Uddin S - - 2008
S-phase kinase protein 2 (SKP2), an F-box protein, targets cell-cycle regulators including cycle-dependent kinase inhibitor p27KiP1 via ubiquitin-mediated degradation. SKP2 is frequently overexpressed in a variety of cancer cells and has been implicated in oncogenesis; however, its role in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has not been elucidated. Therefore, we ...
Kuroda Yoshiaki - - 2008
We established a myeloma cell line (RPMI8226) with cyclin D1 overexpression in which the transfected cyclin D1 gene was stably expressed. D1 transfectants showed down-regulation of cyclin D2. Cell proliferation analysis did not show any differences among RPMI8226, mock control, and D1 transfectants. The number of S-phase cells increased while ...
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