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Results 301 - 350 of 2352
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Liu Bin - - 2009
Spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT) is the rate-limiting step in polyamine catabolism. In a previous study, we constructed a recombinant adenovirus, Ad-SSAT, which can express human SSAT. In the present study, we investigated the effect of upregulated and downregulated SSAT on gastric cancer cells. We found that upregulated SSAT could inhibit the ...
Schilling Stephen H - - 2009
NDRG4 is a largely unstudied member of the predominantly tumor suppressive N-Myc downstream-regulated gene (NDRG) family. Unlike its family members NDRG1-3, which are ubiquitously expressed, NDRG4 is expressed almost exclusively in the heart and brain. Given this tissue-specific expression pattern and the established tumor suppressive roles of the NDRG family ...
Jang Sung-Wuk - - 2009
Terminally differentiated neurons are unable to reenter the cell cycle. Aberrant cell cycle activation provokes neuronal cell death, whereas cell cycle inhibition elevates neuronal survival. However, the molecular mechanism regulating the cell cycle and cell death in mature neurons remains elusive. Here we show that SRPK2, a protein kinase specific ...
Kalaszczynska Ilona - - 2009
Cyclins are regulatory subunits of cyclin-dependent kinases. Cyclin A, the first cyclin ever cloned, is thought to be an essential component of the cell-cycle engine. Mammalian cells encode two A-type cyclins, testis-specific cyclin A1 and ubiquitously expressed cyclin A2. Here, we tested the requirement for cyclin A function using conditional ...
Chang Kung-Chao - - 2009
Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells represent a histopathologic hallmark for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Viral proteins may induce aberrant expression of cyclin A and lead to multinucleation in virus-infected cells. We investigated whether Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) and cyclin A are involved in the morphogenesis of RS cells. We immunohistochemically ...
Xu Teng - - 2009
Growing evidence indicates that deregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) contributes to tumorigenesis. Down-regulation of miR-195 has been observed in various types of cancers. However, the biological function of miR-195 is still largely unknown. In this study we aimed to elucidate the pathophysiologic role of miR-195. Our results showed that miR-195 expression ...
Sun Jian - - 2009
We examined the effect of apogossypolone (ApoG2), a new derivative from gossypol on cell cycle regulation in U937 human leukemic monocyte lymphoma cells in vitro. ApoG2 decreased the viability of U937 cells by inducing G1 arrest followed by apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. The G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle ...
Chun Stephen G - - 2009
Combined targeting of distinct cellular signaling mechanisms may improve the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of therapy in pancreatic cancer. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) control cellular functions through epigenetic modulation, and HDACs inhibitors suppress cell growth in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The Hedgehog (Hh) pathway regulates the development of the pancreas, and aberrant ...
Zou Zu-Quan - - 2009
PI-103, the first synthetic multitargeted compound which simultaneously inhibits PI3Kalpha and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) shows high antitumor activity in glioma xenografts. In the present study, clear antitumor activity was observed with PI-103 treatment in two gefitinib-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines, A549 and H460, by simultaneously ...
Bandi Nora - - 2009
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are negative regulators of gene expression at the posttranscriptional level, which are involved in tumorigenesis. Two miRNAs, miR-15a and miR-16, which are located at chromosome 13q14, have been implicated in cell cycle control and apoptosis, but little information is available about their role in solid tumors. To address ...
Jin Kideok - - 2009
Mirk/Dyrk1B is a serine/threonine kinase widely expressed in colon cancers. Serum starvation induced HD6 colon carcinoma cells to enter a quiescent G0 state, characterized by a 2N DNA content and a lower RNA content than G1 cells. Compared with cycling cells, quiescent cells exhibited 16-fold higher levels of the retinoblastoma ...
Wang Bin - - 2009
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are in a complex niche in which cell-extrinsic cues and cell-intrinsic genetic mechanisms in chorus mediate their cellular processes such as self-renewal and differentiation. In this study, we found that inactivation of Erk1/2 with U0126 in NSCs significantly promoted neuronal differentiation and inhibited proliferation. Sustained Erk1/2 ...
Bonvini Paolo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The loss of cell cycle regulation due to abnormal function of cyclin-dependent kinases (cdk) occurs in tumors and leads to genetic instability of chemotherapy-resistant cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of the cdk inhibitor flavopiridol in anaplastic large cell lymphomas, in which unrestrained proliferation depends on NPM-ALK ...
Colomina Neus - - 2009
The Whi3 protein is associated with the endoplasmic reticulum, interacts with Cdc28, the budding-yeast Cdk, binds the mRNA of cyclin CLN3 and prevents accumulation of the Cdc28-Cln3 in the nucleus until late G(1). Besides its function as a cell size regulator, Whi3 is strictly required for filamentous growth. Here we ...
Colin Didier - - 2009
Epidemiological studies suggested that trans-resveratrol, a wine grape component, could prevent malignant tumor development. This compound also demonstrated cytostatic and cytotoxic effects on tumor cells in vitro. To obtain trans-resveratrol derivatives with a better cellular uptake and enhanced antiproliferative effects, we synthesized a triacetate derivative as well as an oligomer, ...
Nakayama Yuji - - 2009
Polyploid cells result in aneuploidy through aberrant chromosome segregation, possibly leading to tumorigenesis. Although polyploid cells are induced through over-replication by a variety of agents, including DNA-damaging drugs, the mechanisms that induce polyploidy have been hitherto unknown. Here, we show that treatment with bleomycin, a glycopeptide anticancer drug, induces over-replication ...
Yang Zhengmin - - 2009
Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) is the key element of the D-type cyclin holoenzymes which has been found to function in the regulation of G1-phase of the cell cycle and is presumed to play important roles in T cell function. In this study, Znhit1, a member of a new zinc finger ...
Wu Chia-Mao - - 2009
Tylophorine, a representative phenanthroindolizidine alkaloid from Tylophoraindica plants, exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-cancerous growth activities. However, the underlying mechanisms of its anti-cancer activity have not been elucidated and its effects on cell cycle remain ambiguous. Here, we reveal by asynchronizing and synchronizing approaches that tylophorine not only retards the S-phase progression ...
Park Sun-Yi - - 2009
The role of BubR1 has been established mainly in mitosis as an essential mitotic checkpoint protein although it is expressed throughout the cell cycle. To explore a possible role of BubR1 in regulating the G(2) phase of cell cycle, we have employed siRNA-mediated hBubR1 knockdown in HeLa cells. Here, we ...
Cui Wei - - 2009
Regenerating gene (Reg) family protein Reg3alpha is normally expressed in pancreatic acinar and endocrine cells. In order to explore its effect on islet beta-cell replication, insulinoma MIN6 cells were stably transfected with murine Reg3alpha cDNA. Determined using real-time PCR and Western blots, the levels of Reg3alpha mRNA and protein in ...
Valacchi Giuseppe - - 2009
In this study we showed that Rottlerin (also called Kamala or Mallotoxin), a natural product purified from Mallotus phillippinensis, is a potent suppressor of human keratinocytes (HaCaT cell line) proliferation. Following Rottlerin treatment, Thymidine incorporation into DNA and re-epithelialisation in a scratch wound model was decreased. At the molecular level, ...
Lee Eun Young - - 2009
p27 is a member of the Kip family of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors and its overexpression results in cell cycle arrest at G1 and/or apoptosis. In addition to its role as a regulator of cell cycle progression, p27 can also participate in cell motility, especially when it is mislocalized in the ...
Lee Yeo Myeong - - 2009
We have examined whether and by what mechanism piceatannol inhibits cell cycle progression in DU145 cells. The treatment of cells with piceatannol for 24h resulted in an increase in the percentage of cells in G1 phase and dose-dependent decreases in [(3)H]thymidine incorporation, as well as in protein levels of cyclin ...
Yong Yeonjoong - - 2009
An active compound having antitumor activity was isolated from the root of Anthriscus sylvestris. Structural studies revealed that it was deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPPT), and its biological activity was evaluated in HeLa human cervix carcinoma cells. Flow cytometric analysis showed that DPPT arrests the cell cycle in the G2/M phase prior to ...
Yalcin Abdullah - - 2009
The regulation of metabolism and growth must be tightly coupled to guarantee the efficient use of energy and anabolic substrates throughout the cell cycle. Fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (Fru-2,6-BP) is an allosteric activator of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (PFK-1), a rate-limiting enzyme and essential control point in glycolysis. The concentration of Fru-2,6-BP in mammalian cells ...
Nakamura Satoki - - 2010
Here, we synthesized two phospha sugar derivatives, 2,3,4-tribromo-3-methyl-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide (TMPP) and 2,3-dibromo-3-methyl-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide (DMPP) by reacting 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-phospholene 1-oxide with bromine, and investigated their potential as antileukemic agents in cell lines. Both agents showed inhibitory effects on leukemia cell proliferation, with mean IC(50) values of 6.25 micromol/L for TMPP and 23.7 ...
Medendorp Klaas - - 2009
Previously, we found that in t(X;1)(p11;q21)-positive renal cell carcinomas the bHLH-LZ transcription factor TFE3 is fused to a novel protein designated PRCC. In addition, we found that the PRCCTFE3 fusion protein, which has retained all known functional domains of TFE3, acts as a more potent transcriptional activator than wild type ...
Stoll Samantha J - - 2009
Effective therapies for the subset of follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) patients with aggressive, metastatic disease are lacking. Therefore, we sought to determine the effects of proteosome inhibition, an emerging class of chemotherapeutic agents, on metastatic FTC cells. Human metastatic FTC cells (FTC236) were treated in vitro with the proteosome inhibitor ...
Gonzalez-Mariscal Lorenza - - 2009
ZO-2 is an adaptor protein of the tight junction that belongs to the MAGUK protein family. ZO-2 is a dual localization protein that in sparse cultures is present at the cell borders and the nuclei, whereas in confluent cultures it is concentrated at the cell boundaries. Here we have studied ...
Wang Miao - - 2009
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is characterized by genetic instability and a poor prognosis. Many blastoid variants are (hypo)tetraploid and have an even worse prognosis. We investigated the role of signalling by mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in MCL. As compared to normal tonsil B cells, MCL cells showed higher activation of ...
López-Avilés Sandra - - 2009
The eukaryotic cell cycle comprises an ordered series of events, orchestrated by the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks), leading from chromosome replication during S phase to their segregation in mitosis. The unidirectionality of cell-cycle transitions is fundamental for the successful completion of this cycle. It is thought that irrevocable proteolytic ...
Lee Dong-Seol - - 2009
Our previous studies have demonstrated that nuclear factor I-C (NFI-C) null mice developed short molar roots that contain aberrant odontoblasts and abnormal dentin formation. Based on these findings, we performed studies to elucidate the function of NFI-C in odontoblasts. Initial studies demonstrated that aberrant odontoblasts become dissociated and trapped in ...
Zhang Tao - - 2009
The lack of effective anti-tumor therapy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has stimulated the search for novel target whose inhibition could block tumorigenesis. Recently, reduced DLC-1 has been shown to be associated with aggressive and highly metastatic renal cell carcinoma. In this study, the biological role of DLC-1 on cell ...
Yang Quan-Hui - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate cell cycle regulation in acute kidney injury after intraperitoneal sepsis in rats. METHODS: Polymicrobial sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in rats. At 0, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after CLP, serum creatinine was evaluated. DNA content of isolated ...
Huang Qing - - 2009
GDF-9 stimulates granulosa cell proliferation and plays important roles during folliclogenesis. However, its molecular mechanisms are still far from clear, particularly its roles in human granulosa cells around the periovulatory stage. Therefore, we investigated the effects of GDF-9 on cell cycle distribution, regulatory molecules, and signaling pathways involved in human ...
Swat Aneta - - 2009
Contact inhibition is a fundamental process in multicellular organisms aimed at inhibiting proliferation at high cellular densities through poorly characterized intracellular signals, despite availability of growth factors. We have previously identified the protein kinase p38alpha as a novel regulator of contact inhibition, as p38alpha is activated upon cell-cell contacts and ...
Romani Antonello A - - 2009
Cholangiocarcinoma is the second most common primary hepatic neoplasia and the only curative therapy is surgical resection or liver transplantation. Biphosphonates (BPs) are an emerging class of drugs widely used to treat bone diseases and also appear to possess direct antitumor activity. In two human cholangiocarcinoma cell lines (TFK-1 and ...
Wang Han - - 2009
The effect of protocatechuic acid (PCA) from Alpinia oxyphylla and catapol from Rehmannia on the proliferation capacity of human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (hADSCs) was investigated in vitro. Cell counts showed that treatment of hADSCs with PCA for 48 h increased the cell number in a dose-dependent manner, while no ...
Xie Jun - - 2009
Malignant gliomas are common and aggressive brain tumors in adults. The rapid proliferation and diffuse brain migration are main obstacles to successful treatment. Here we show that pentobarbital, a central depressant introduced clinically a century ago, is capable of suppressing proliferation and migration of C6 malignant glioma cells in a ...
Myhre Louise - - 2009
A number of polyamine analogs are currently used in various clinical trials as cancer treatment and it is important to investigate their effects not only on cancer cells but also on normal cells. Treatment with polyamine analogs depletes cells of polyamines and inhibits cell proliferation, but the analogs cannot take ...
Cornelissen Bart - - 2009
Probing intranuclear proteins in breast cancer (BC) cells by using radiolabeled antibodies is restricted by delivery barriers presented by cell and nuclear membranes. Our aim was to construct immunoconjugates (ICs) bispecific for epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) and the intranuclear cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) p27(Kip1) modified with nuclear-localizing sequences (NLSs) ...
Ma Dongchu - - 2009
Studies on polyploidization of megakaryocytes have been hampered by the lack of synchronized polyploid megakaryocytes. In this study, a relatively synchronized polyploid cell model was successfully established by employing Dami cells treated with nocodazole. In nocodazole-induced cells, cyclin B expression oscillated normally as in diploid cells and polyploid megakaryocytes. By ...
Trapasso Francesco F Department of Molecular Virology, Immunology and Medical Genetics and Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2009
The homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2) protein is a member of a recently identified family of nuclear protein kinases that are well conserved in various organisms. HIPK2 can bind to several homeotic factors and to a series of proteins involved in the regulation of cell survival and proliferation in response ...
Onumah Ogbeyalu E OE Department of Cancer Biology, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN 37208, - - 2009
Although it is understood that hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) promotes cellular proliferation, little is known about its role in endothelial cell cycle progression. To assess the regulatory role of endogenously produced H(2)O(2) in cell cycle progression, we studied the cell cycle progression in mouse aortic endothelial cells (MAECs) obtained from mice ...
Stuart Scott A - - 2009
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(Cip1) plays an important role in the cellular response to DNA damage. In normal cells, genotoxic stress activates the ATM-p53 pathway that up-regulates the expression of p21(Cip1) leading to cell cycle arrest. However, we have found that in several neoplastic cell lines, ionizing radiation (IR) induces ...
Mayo Clara - - 2009
HT-29 M6 colon cancer cells differentiate to a mucus-secreting phenotype in culture. We found that the pattern of cyclin D1 expression in HT-29 M6 cells did not correlate with instances of cell proliferation but was specifically induced during a dedifferentiation process following disaggregation of epithelial cell layers, even under conditions ...
Xiong Hua - - 2009
Abnormalities in the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway are involved in the oncogenesis of several cancers. However, the mechanism by which dysregulated STAT5 signaling contributes to the progression of human colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been elucidated. To investigate the role of STAT5 in CRC progression, we ...
Hu Hongbo - - 2009
We have recently shown that penta-1,2,3,4,6-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose (PGG), a naturally occurring hydrolyzable gallotannin, inhibited the in vivo growth of human androgen-independent p53-mutant DU145 prostate cancer (PCa) xenograft in athymic nude mice without adverse effect on their body weight. We have also shown that PGG induced caspase-mediated apoptosis in the DU145 cells ...
Schmetsdorf Stefanie - - 2009
Cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) are the main components that control the orderly progression through cell cycle. In the mature nervous system, terminally differentiated neurons are permanently withdrawn from cell cycle, as mitotic quiescence is essential for the functional stability of the complexly wired neuronal system. Recently, we characterized the ...
Dickson M A - - 2009
The cell cycle governs the transition from quiescence through cell growth to proliferation. The key parts of the cell cycle machinery are the cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKS) and the regulatory proteins called cyclins. The CDKS are rational targets for cancer therapy because their expression in cancer cells is often aberrant and ...
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