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Results 251 - 300 of 2350
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Artiles Karen - - 2009
The key molecular event that marks entry into the cell cycle is transcription of G1 cyclins, which bind and activate cyclin-dependent kinases. In yeast cells, initiation of G1 cyclin transcription is linked to achievement of a critical cell size, which contributes to cell-size homeostasis. The critical cell size is modulated ...
Larrea Michelle D - - 2009
p27 is a key regulator of cell proliferation. While it opposes cell cycle progression by binding to and inhibiting cyclin E-Cdk2, T157/T198 phosphorylation of p27 promotes its assembly of D-type cyclin-CDKs. In addition to its actions on the cell cycle, p27 regulates CDK-independent cytoplasmic functions. In human cancers, oncogenic activation ...
Zhang Xue Yan - - 2009
Diacetyldianhydrogalactitol (DADAG) is a member of the hexitols which shows a significant anticancer effect. Despite the fact that the antitumor effects of DADAG have been studied in a number of cell lines, the mechanism of its action remains unclear. Herein, we explored antitumor effects of DADAG and the possible mechanisms ...
WATANABE Manabu - - 2009
In this study, we examined the effects of four chemical reagents, 5 azacytidine (5azaC), all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (TPA) and trichostatin A (TSA), on an MCM-B2 canine mammary tumor cell line. Growth of the MCM-B2 cells was inhibited by addition of any of these four chemical reagents in ...
Park Ga Bin - - 2009
B7-H4 is a recently discovered B7 family member that has inhibitory effects on T-cell immunity. However, the reverse signalling mechanism of the B7-H4-expressing cells remains unclear. Previous work has shown that B7-H4 expression was enhanced on B cells following Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and engagement of cell-surface-expressed B7-H4 induces cell ...
Shen Shan-Wei - - 2009
It has been known that estrogen-17beta stimulates proliferation of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells. To explore the function of another steroid hormone progesterone, we used MTT method and BrdU incorporation assay to obtain growth curves, clone forming assay to detect the propagation and viability of individual mES cells, Western blot ...
Yamamoto Sohei - - 2009
We have previously reported that alterations of p27(Kip1)-interacting cell-cycle proteins frequently occur during the development of endometriosis-associated ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCA; Yamamoto et al., Histopathology in press, 20). However, CCA also occurs in association with clear cell adenofibroma (CCAF). In this study, the expressions of p27(Kip1)-interacting proteins, i.e., p27(Kip1), ...
Xu Lin - - 2010
Accumulating data suggested that functional TLR9 was expressed in various tumor cells and TLR9 signaling could enhance the progression of tumor cells. However, the underlying mechanism of TLR9 signaling on the progression of tumors cells remains largely undefined. Our previous study demonstrated that the TLR9 agonist CpG ODNs could significantly ...
Laine Heidi - - 2010
Sensory hair cells and supporting cells of the mammalian cochlea and vestibular (balance) organs exit the cell cycle during embryogenesis and do not proliferate thereafter. Here, we have studied the mechanisms underlying the maintenance of the postmitotic state and the proliferative capacity of these cells. We provide the first evidence ...
Flezar Margareta Strojan - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess radiosensitivity of neck metastases of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) by immunocytochemical profiling of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) cell specimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Immunocytochemical reactions to p53, cyclin D1, stefin A and Ki-67 were determined in FNAB cell samples of neck metastases from ...
Rodríguez-Ubreva F J - - 2010
SHP-1, a haematopoietic cell-specific tyrosine phosphatase, is also expressed in human prostate. In this study, we report that SHP-1 depletion in PC-3 cells induced by small interfering RNAs causes G1 phase cell-cycle arrest accompanied by changes in some components of the cell-cycle machinery. SHP-1 knockdown increases p27(Kip1) (p27) protein stability, ...
Lee Se-Jung - - 2010
Cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine) has many anti-cancer properties. However, neither its molecular mechanism nor its molecular targets are well understood. In the present study, we investigated novel molecular mechanisms for the anti-tumor effects of cordycepin in human colon cancer HCT116 cells. After treatment of cells with cordycepin, dose-dependent cell growth inhibition was ...
Kwon Hyun Ju - - 2010
Widdrol, an odorous compound extracted from Juniperus chinensis, has been shown to inhibit the in vitro growth of in human cancer cells. This study was conducted on cultured human colon adenocarcinoma HT29 cells to elucidate the possible mechanisms by which widdrol exerts its anti-proliferative activity, which until now has remained ...
Chang Shun-Fu - - 2009
Cell cycle regulation by differentiation signals is critical for eukaryote development. We investigated the roles of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-4, an important stimulator of osteoblast differentiation and bone formation, in regulating cell cycle distribution in four osteoblast-like cell lines and mouse primary osteoblasts, and the underlying mechanisms. In all cells ...
Chen Yi-Hua - - 2010
Sox11 is a transcription factor involved in embryonic neurogenesis and tissue remodeling. Its role in lymphopoiesis is presently unknown. Recent studies have shown the nuclear expression of sox11 in mantle cell lymphoma, which raises the question about its possible association with t(11;14)(q13;q32), the genetic hallmark of mantle cell lymphoma leading ...
Zou Yongxin - - 2009
CUL4A and CUL4B, which are derived from the same ancestor, CUL4, encode scaffold proteins that organize cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase (E3) complexes. Recent genetic studies have shown that germ line mutation in CUL4B can cause mental retardation, short stature, and other abnormalities in humans. CUL4A was observed to be overexpressed in ...
Kim Chul Jang - - 2009
Alternative splicing in the cyclin D1 gene produces cyclin D1b variant which lacks a C-terminal region containing the threonine-286 (T286) phosphorylation site required for nuclear export. We have shown that the expression of the cyclin D1b variant is detected in about 60% of human bladder cancer tissues (15/26) and cell ...
Fujimoto Tatsuya - - 2009
Frizzled (Fz), a receptor of Wnt ligands, plays key roles in liver carcinogenesis. Its expression was analyzed as part of a search for a target of molecular therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatoblastoma (HB). Fz genes were analyzed by RT-PCR in HCC cell lines HLE, HLF, PLC/PRF/5, Huh-7 and ...
Jiao Jing - - 2009
Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and laryngeal cancer represents the largest subgroup. However, the molecular mechanism underlying its malignant behavior and progression is not clarified. Accumulating evidence has shown that Notch1 signaling pathway plays a central role in carcinogenesis, but its potential role in ...
Naylor Richard W RW Department of Biological Sciences; and Warwick University; Coventry, - - 2009
The Xenopus laevis cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Xic1) has been shown to be involved in exit from the cell cycle and differentiation of cells into a quiescent state in the nervous system, muscle tissue, heart and retina. We show that p27(Xic1) is expressed in the developing kidney in the nephrostomal ...
Cai Kefu - - 2009
Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) improves animal neurological functional recovery after stroke. But the mechanism remains unclear. As cell cycle machinery plays an important role in stroke, we investigated the dynamic changes of cell cycle elements in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion. We found the ...
Samba-Louaka Ascel - - 2009
The cycle inhibiting factor (Cif) belongs to a family of bacterial toxins, the cyclomodulins, which modulate the host cell cycle. Upon injection into the host cell by the type III secretion system of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), Cif induces both G(2) and G(1) cell cycle arrests. The cell cycle arrests ...
Kuljaca Selena - - 2009
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p21(WAF1), induces cell-cycle arrest and can act as a tumor suppressor. However, increasing evidence indicates that p21(WAF1) can also increase resistance to some anticancer therapies and thus promote tumor growth. The mechanisms explaining this paradox have not been explained. We found that conditioned media from MCF-7 ...
Klein Eric A - - 2009
A number of adhesion-mediated signaling pathways and cell-cycle events have been identified that regulate cell proliferation, yet studies to date have been unable to determine which of these pathways control mitogenesis in response to physiologically relevant changes in tissue elasticity. In this report, we use hydrogel-based substrata matched to biological ...
Cahuzac Nathalie - - 2010
The biochemical pathways that lead cells to mitotic catastrophe are not well understood. To identify these pathways, we have taken an approach of treating cells with a novel genotoxic compound and characterizing whether cells enter mitotic catastrophe or not. S23906 is a novel acronycine derivative that forms adducts with the ...
Chen Jun - - 2009
p27 is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that regulates the progression of cells from G(1) to S phase of the cell cycle. Loss of p27 has been associated with disease progression and with an unfavourable outcome in prostate cancer. In this study, we investigated whether exogenous p27 expression in the human ...
Stolfi Carmine - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mesalamine has been reported to protect against inflammatory bowel disease-related colorectal cancer (CRC), but several drug-related issues have limited its use in chemopreventive programs. We evaluated the antineoplastic properties of mesalamine derivatives using in vitro and in vivo models of CRC. METHODS: CRC cell proliferation and cell-cycle ...
Byrne Ann - - 2010
The PSMD14 (POH1, also known as Rpn11/MPR1/S13/CepP1) protein within the 19S complex (19S cap; PA700) is responsible for substrate deubiquitination during proteasomal degradation. The role of PSMD14 in cell proliferation and senescence was explored using siRNA knockdown in carcinoma cell lines. Our results reveal that down-regulation of PSMD14 by siRNA ...
Santoro Antonietta - - 2009
The selective CB1 receptor antagonist rimonabant (SR141716) was shown to perform a number of biological effects in several pathological conditions. Emerging findings demonstrate that rimonabant exerts antitumor action in thyroid tumors and breast cancer cells. In our study, human colorectal cancer cells (DLD-1, CaCo-2 and SW620) were treated with rimonabant ...
Szuplewski S??bastien - - 2009
Turnover of cyclins plays a major role in oscillatory cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) activity and control of cell cycle progression. Here we present a novel cell cycle regulator, called minus, which influences Cyclin E turnover in Drosophila. minus mutants produce defects in cell proliferation, some of which are attributable to persistence ...
Owen H C - - 2009
It has been shown that cell cycle genes play an important role in the coordination of chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. The inhibitory effects of glucocorticoids (GCs) on chondrocyte proliferation are consistent with GCs disrupting cell cycle progression and promoting cell cycle exit. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs) force cells to exit ...
Shen Kai-Kai - - 2009
The present study is aimed to investigate the toxic effects of andrographolide (Andro) on hepatoma cells and elucidate its preliminary mechanisms. After cells were treated with different concentrations of Andro (0-50 micromol x L(-1)) for 24 h, cell viability was evaluated with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Furthermore, after hepatoma ...
Salerno Erica - - 2009
Alterations in the human 13q14 genomic region containing microRNAs mir-15a and mir-16-1 are present in most human chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We have previously found the development of CLL in the New Zealand Black murine model to be associated with a point mutation in the primary mir-15a/16-1 region, which correlated ...
Wang Hongyin - - 2009
In yeast, the G1 cyclin Cln3 promotes cell cycle entry by activating the transcription factor SBF. In mammals, there is a parallel system for cell cycle entry in which cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) activates transcription factor E2F/Dp. Here we show that Cln3 regulates SBF by at least two different pathways, ...
Chen Li-Ching - - 2009
Previously, we demonstrated that magnolol isolated from the bark of Magnolia officinalis has anticancer activity in colon, hepatoma, and leukemia cell lines. In this study, we show that magnolol concentration dependently (0-40 microM) decreased the cell number in a cultured human glioblastoma cancer cell line (U373) and arrested the cells ...
Roa Wilson - - 2009
Glucose-capped gold nanoparticles (Glu-GNPs) have been used to improve cellular targeting and radio-sensitization. In this study, we explored the mechanism of Glu-GNP enhanced radiation sensitivity in radiation-resistant human prostate cancer cells. Cell survival and proliferation were measured using MTT and clonogenic assay. Flow cytometry with staining by propidium iodide (PI) ...
Cremona Catherine A CA Department of Cell and Developmental Biology and 3The UCL Cancer Institute, MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2009
Mammalian cells generally require both mitogens and anchorage signals in order to proliferate. An important characteristic of many tumour cells is that they have lost this anchorage-dependent cell-cycle checkpoint, allowing them to proliferate without signals provided by their normal microenvironment. In the absence of anchorage signals from the extracellular matrix, ...
Badhai Jitendra - - 2009
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a severe congenital anemia characterized by a specific decrease of erythroid precursors. The disease is also associated with growth retardation, congenital malformations, a predisposition for malignant disease and heterozygous mutations in either of the ribosomal protein (RP) genes RPS7, RPS17, RPS19, RPS24, RPL5, RPL11 and RPL35a. ...
Musumeci Giuseppe - - 2010
The immunohistochemical expression of retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and its phosphorylated form (pRb) was investigated in an in vivo sheep model, i.e., lung tissue exposed to asbestos-like fibers. Rb is a phosphoprotein with a central role in controlling the cell cycle, cell growth regulation, differentiation, and apoptosis. pRb functions as a ...
Miao Ying - - 2010
Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) is extracted from the traditional Chinese herb Lycium barbarum, and has potential anticancer activity. However, the detailed mechanisms are largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to observe the anticancer effect of LBP on human gastric cancer, and its possible mechanisms. Human gastric cancer MGC-803 ...
Hoshino Daisuke - - 2009
Pericellular proteolysis by membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) plays a pivotal role in tumor cell invasion. Localization of MT1-MMP at the invasion front of cells, e.g. on lamellipodia and invadopodia, has to be regulated in coordination with reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. However, little is known about how such invasion-related ...
Todd Maria C - - 2009
The development of ovarian cancer, unlike that of most human tumors, is rarely dependent upon the mutually exclusive loss of RB and p16 cell cycle proteins. RB+/p16+ ovarian cancer cell lines are, however, insensitive to the growth-suppressive effects of ectopically expressed p16 protein, which suggests that they harbor as yet ...
Li Ming - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROSs) are involved in osteoporosis by inhibiting osteoblastic differentiation and stimulating osteoclastgenesis. Little is known about the role and how ROS controls proliferation of osteoblasts. Mammalian target of rapamycin, mTOR, is a central regulator of cell growth and proliferation. Here, we report for the first time that ...
Chuang Li-Chiou - - 2009
Cyclin E has been shown to have a role in pre-replication complex (Pre-RC) assembly in cells re-entering the cell cycle from quiescence. The assembly of the pre-RC, which involves the loading of six MCM subunits (Mcm2-7), is a prerequisite for DNA replication. We found that cyclin E, through activation of ...
Cornelissen Bart - - 2009
Trastuzumab, a humanized antibody directed against the Her2 receptor, induces the expression of p27(kip1), an intranuclear cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor in some breast cancer cells. The aim of this study was to develop a radioimmunoconjugate (RIC) to monitor trastuzumab-induced p27(kip1) protein up-regulation in vivo. Anti-p27(kip1) IgG was purified, and conjugated to ...
Hastings Randolph H - - 2009
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), a paraneoplastic protein expressed by two-thirds of human non-small cell lung cancers, has been reported to slow progression of lung carcinomas in mouse models and to lengthen survival of patients with lung cancer. This study investigated the effects of ectopic expression of PTHrP on proliferation and ...
Choi Sunga - - 2009
Present study was undertaken to gain insights into the mechanism of cell cycle arrest by ginseng saponin ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) using MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Cell viability and cell cycle distribution were determined by trypan blue dye exclusion assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Immunoblotting was performed to determine ...
He Lu Mei - - 2009
The molecular determinants of beta-cell mass expansion remain poorly understood. Cyclin D2 is the major D-type cyclin expressed in beta-cells, essential for adult beta-cell growth. We hypothesized that cyclin D2 could be actively regulated in beta-cells, which could allow mitogenic stimuli to influence beta-cell expansion. Cyclin D2 protein was sharply ...
Liu Bin - - 2009
Spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT) is the rate-limiting step in polyamine catabolism. In a previous study, we constructed a recombinant adenovirus, Ad-SSAT, which can express human SSAT. In the present study, we investigated the effect of upregulated and downregulated SSAT on gastric cancer cells. We found that upregulated SSAT could inhibit the ...
Schilling Stephen H - - 2009
NDRG4 is a largely unstudied member of the predominantly tumor suppressive N-Myc downstream-regulated gene (NDRG) family. Unlike its family members NDRG1-3, which are ubiquitously expressed, NDRG4 is expressed almost exclusively in the heart and brain. Given this tissue-specific expression pattern and the established tumor suppressive roles of the NDRG family ...
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