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Results 201 - 250 of 2352
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Huysman Marie J J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Despite the enormous importance of diatoms in aquatic ecosystems and their broad industrial potential, little is known about their life cycle control. Diatoms typically inhabit rapidly changing and unstable environments, suggesting that cell cycle regulation in diatoms must have evolved to adequately integrate various environmental signals. The recent genome ...
Ma Jian-Jun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recently, the anti-tumor activity of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) was shown decreased expression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC), but the role of the down-expression of NDRG2 has not been described. METHODS: The NDRG2 recombinant adenovirus plasmid was constructed. The proliferation rate and NDRG2 expression of cell ...
Kim Chun Sung - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 2-aminobicyclo-(2,2,1)-heptane-2-carboxylic acid (BCH), an inhibitor of L-type amino acid transporters, on the cell growth suppression in KB human oral cancer cells and to study the roles of cell cycle regulatory factors in the BCH-induced growth inhibition. The effect of ...
Tang Qing-hai - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Classical swine fever (CSF) caused by virulent strains of Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is a haemorrhagic disease of pigs, characterized by disseminated intravascular coagulation, thrombocytopoenia and immunosuppression, and the swine endothelial vascular cell is one of the CSFV target cells. In this report, we investigated the previously unknown ...
Radulovich Nikolina - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The cyclin D1 (CCND1) and cyclin D3 (CCND3) are frequently co-overexpressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Here we examine their differential roles in PDAC. RESULTS: CCND1 and CCND3 expression were selectively suppressed by shRNA in PDAC cell lines with expression levels of equal CCND1 and CCND3 (BxPC3), enhanced CCND1 ...
Stenner Max-Philipp - - 2010
[This corrects the article on p. e3319 in vol. 3.].
Xu YongGang - - 2010
Cyclin Y (CCNY) is a novel cyclin and almost nothing is known about its expression level and role in human cancers. In the present study, we found that lentivirus-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) of CCNY significantly downregulated its expression level. More importantly, knockdown of CCNY inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, and ...
Lv Lei - - 2010
This study was undertaken to determine the in vitro effect of lentivirus-mediated siPin1 on cell cycle and apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Further we sought to provide insight into the mechanisms behind these processes. Human umbilical artery smooth muscle cells (HUASMCs) were transfected with lentiviral siPin1. Real-time RT-PCR ...
Heiferman Michael J - - 2010
Survival of patients with pancreatic cancer remains poor due to inadequate chemotherapeutic options. Sansalvamide A, a cyclic depsipeptide produced by a marine fungus, has demonstrated significant anticancer activity. We previously observed antiproliferative effects in a series of sansalvamide A analogs in pancreatic cancer cells, one of which was further evaluated ...
Acharya Sagar - - 2010
In our laboratory, a novel therapeutic probe, T11TS, a membrane glycoprotein, was isolated which had antineoplastic activity against experimental glioma. Development of a novel therapeutic strategy with T11TS has unearthed a newer dimension of its mechanism of action: modulation of the cell cycle. In this study, we have presented evidence ...
Liu Si-Yuan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Paclitaxel and pirarubicin exhibit cytotoxic and antitumor activities. However, little is known about the apoptosis-inducing effects of paclitaxel and pirarubicin on human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells. METHODS: The effects of paclitaxel and pirarubicin on cell cycle arrest and apoptosis were studied in MG-63 cells using flow cytometry. PCNA, Bcl-2, Bax, ...
Shalaby Tarek - - 2010
We investigated here the effects of S2T1-6OTD, a novel telomestatin derivative that is synthesized to target G-quadruplex-forming DNA sequences, on a representative panel of human medulloblastoma (MB) and atypical teratoid/rhabdoid (AT/RT) childhood brain cancer cell lines. S2T1-6OTD proved to be a potent c-Myc inhibitor through its high-affinity physical interaction with ...
Marsaud Véronique - - 2010
Aberrant expression of cyclin D1 is a common feature in multiple myeloma (MM) and always associated with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). CCND1 gene is alternatively spliced to produce two cyclin D1 mRNA isoforms which are translated in two proteins: cyclin D1a and cyclin D1b. Both isoforms are present in MM ...
Marozin Sabrina - - 2010
The intrinsic oncolytic specificity of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is currently being exploited to develop alternative therapeutic strategies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Identifying key regulators in diverse transduction pathways that define VSV oncolysis in cancer cells represents a fundamental prerequisite to engineering more effective oncolytic viral vectors and adjusting combination ...
Grabarczyk Piotr - - 2010
The expression of BCL11B was reported in T-cells, neurons and keratinocytes. Aberrations of BCL11B locus leading to abnormal gene transcription were identified in human hematological disorders and corresponding animal models. Recently, the elevated levels of Bcl11b protein have been described in a subset of squameous cell carcinoma cases. Despite the ...
Navarra Michele - - 2010
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the second most common solid malignancy of childhood that usually undergoes rapid progression with a poor prognosis upon metastasis. The Src-family tyrosine kinases (SFKs) are a group of proteins involved in cancer development and invasiveness that seem to play an important role in the NB carcinogenesis. To ...
Wu Qiong - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still is a big burden for China. In recent years, the third-generation platinum compounds have been proposed as potential active agents for HCC. However, more experimental and clinical data are warranted to support the proposal. In the present study, the effect of lobaplatin was assessed in five ...
Ramana Jayashree - - 2010
Progression through the cell cycle involves the coordinated activities of a suite of cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) complexes. The activities of the complexes are regulated by CDK inhibitors (CDKIs). Apart from its role as cell cycle regulators, CDKIs are involved in apoptosis, transcriptional regulation, cell fate determination, cell migration and cytoskeletal ...
Baydoun Hicham H - - 2010
Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) has efficiently adapted to its host and establishes a persistent infection characterized by low levels of viral gene expression and slow proliferation of HTLV-I infected cells over decades. We have previously found that HTLV-I p30 is a negative regulator of virus expression. In ...
Xue Ling L Department of Molecular and Cell Biology and Cancer Research Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of - - 2010
FoxM1 is a forkhead box transcription factor and a known master regulator required for different phases of the cell cycle. In cell lines, FoxM1 deficient cells exhibit delayed S phase entry, aneuploidy, polyploidy and can't complete mitosis. In vivo, FoxM1 is expressed mostly in proliferating cells but is surprisingly also ...
Alexander Vinita M VM Endocrine Surgery Research Laboratory, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2010
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) hypersecrete neuropeptides that cause debilitating symptoms of carcinoid syndrome, including cardiac abnormalities. Surgical resection is the only potentially curative treatment for NETs; however, 90% of NE cancer patients are not candidates for surgery due to extensive hepatic sites involved with NETs. Recently, DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTI) such ...
Kim Jun-Hee - - 2010
Previously, our group reported that sulforaphane (SFN), a naturally occurring chemopreventive agent from cruciferous vegetables, effectively inhibits the proliferation of KB and YD-10B human oral squamous carcinoma cells by causing apoptosis. In this study, treatment of 20 and 40 microM of SFN for 12 h caused a cell cycle arrest ...
Yang Li-jing LJ Institute of Hematology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2010
To investigate the effect of betulinic acid (BA) on the proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of gastric adenocarcinoma cell AGS in vitro and the underlying mechanism. The effect of BA on the proliferation of AGS cells was measured by using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Apoptosis was analyzed by using Annexin V-fluorescein ...
Rizzolio Flavio - - 2009
Cell cycle deregulation is one of the first steps that transform normal cells into tumor cells. CDKs are a family of proteins devoted to controlling cell cycle entry, progression and exit. Studies from animal models show a tissue-specific essentiality of the single CDKs. In cancer cells, mis-regulation of CDK function ...
Almeida Angeles - - 2010
Cell proliferation is known to be accompanied by activation of glycolysis. We have recently discovered that the glycolysis-promoting enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase, isoform 3 (PFKFB3), is degraded by the E3 ubiquitin ligase APC/C-Cdh1, which also degrades cell-cycle proteins. We now show in two different cell types (neoplastic and nonneoplastic) that both proliferation ...
Lu Xiaoyan - - 2009
Cyclin E is a regulator of cyclin-dependent protein kinases (Cdks) and is involved in mediating the cell cycle transition from G(1) to S phase. Here, we describe a novel function for cyclin E in the long term maintenance of checkpoint arrest in response to replication barriers. Exposure of cells to ...
Kim Tae-Kang TK Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Center for Cancer Research, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, - - 2010
The new steroidal 5,7-diene, 3beta-hydroxyandrosta-5,7-diene-17beta-carboxylic acid (17-COOH-7DA), was synthesized from 21-acetoxypregnenolone, with the oxidative cleavage of the side chain being dependent on the presence of oxygen. In human epidermal (HaCaT) keratinocytes, 17-COOH-7DA inhibited proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, starting at a dose as low as 10(-11) M. This inhibition was ...
Gérard Claude - - 2009
We propose an integrated computational model for the network of cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) that controls the dynamics of the mammalian cell cycle. The model contains four Cdk modules regulated by reversible phosphorylation, Cdk inhibitors, and protein synthesis or degradation. Growth factors (GFs) trigger the transition from a quiescent, stable steady ...
Xie Leike L Dept. of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, Univ. of Missouri, 1 Hospital Drive, Rm. MA 415, Columbia, MO 65212, - - 2010
The goal of this study was to determine whether caveolin-2 (Cav-2) is capable of controlling endothelial cell (EC) proliferation in vitro. To realize this goal, we have directly compared proliferation rates and cell cycle-associated signaling proteins between lung ECs isolated from wild-type (WT) and Cav-2 knockout (KO) mice. Using three ...
Ou Yan-qiu YQ Department of Pharmacology, Zhong-shan Medical College, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2010
To investigate whether aspirin is able to augment gemcitabine-induced cytotoxicity in human pancreatic cancer cells. Two gemcitabine-insensitive human pancreatic cancer cell lines, PANC-1 and Capan-1, were used. Cells were treated with either aspirin or gemcitabine alone or both of them. Cell growth and apoptosis were determined by MTT assay, Annexin ...
Nilsson Emeli M - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factor 8 (FGF-8) is expressed in a large proportion of breast cancers, whereas its level in normal mammary gland epithelium is low. Previous studies have shown that FGF-8b stimulates breast cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo. To explore the mechanisms by which FGF-8b promotes growth, we ...
Kim H-S - - 2010
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 has been shown to potently inhibit proliferation of various cell types in an insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-independent manner. We have previously shown that IGFBP-3 induces apoptosis in an IGF-independent manner through the activation of caspases involved in a death receptor-mediated pathway in MCF-7 human ...
Yang Li - - 2009
Wogonin, a naturally occurring flavonoid, has been shown to have tumor therapeutic potential both in vitro and in vivo. To better understand its anticancer mechanism, we examined the effect of wogonin on human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells. In this study, we observed that G1 phase arrest was involved in wogonin-induced ...
Sun Yan - - 2009
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the world. Overactivity of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is frequently detected in colorectal carcinoma. PI3K signaling plays a pivotal role in intracellular signal transduction pathways involved in cell growth, cellular transformation, and tumorigenesis. To specifically inhibit PI3K activity in colorectal cancer ...
Kaldis Philipp - - 2009
Previously, the connection between cell proliferation and Wnt signaling focused on transcriptional activation of cyclin D1 and c-myc, which control the G1/S transition of the cell cycle. In this issue of Developmental Cell, the Niehrs group demonstrates mitotic activation of Wnt signaling by a novel Cdk/cyclin complex containing Cdk14 (PFTK1) ...
Mochizuki Michika - - 2009
Thioredoxin (TRX) is a key component of redox regulation and has been indicated to play an essential role in cell survival and growth. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanism of TRX in the regulation of cell survival and growth by using RNA interference (RNAi) in A549 lung cancer and MCF7 ...
Chen Hua - - 2010
PURPOSE: In a recent publication, we have shown that dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a derivative of antimalaria drug artemisinin, inhibits growth of pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo mediated by its anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. As it has been shown that the apoptosis might be induced due to cell cycle ...
Mizutani Masanori - - 2010
During rice (Oryza sativa L.) seed development, the primary endosperm nucleus undergoes a series of divisions without cytokinesis, producing a multinucleate cell, known as a syncytium. After several rounds of rapid nuclear proliferation, the syncytium ceases to undergo mitosis; thereafter, the syncytium is partitioned into individual cells by a specific ...
Samant G V - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that gamma-tocotrienol induces potent anti-proliferative effects on +SA mammary tumour cells in culture; here, investigations have been conducted to determine its effects on intracellular signalling proteins involved in regulating cell cycle progression. +SA cells were maintained in mitogen-free defined media containing 0 or 4 micromgamma-tocotrienol, for ...
Ranchal Isidora - - 2009
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most commonly occurring cancer worldwide. The expression of p27 has been related to reduced severity of tumor grade and recurrence of HCC. The study assessed the role of p27 on the cell proliferation and death, and DNA mutagenesis in experimental genotoxicity induced by aflatoxin ...
Shan Jing J Institute for Cancer Genetics and Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 1130 St. Nicholas Avenue, New York, NY 10032, - - 2009
The cyclin D1 proto-oncoprotein is a crucial regulator in cell-cycle progression, and aberrant overexpression of cyclin D1 is linked to tumorigenesis of many different cancer types. By screening ubiquitinated cyclin D1 as a substrate with a deubiquitinase library, we have identified USP2 as a specific deubiquitinase for cyclin D1. USP2 ...
Huang Wei-Jan - - 2010
Liverwort constituents have been reported to exert a broad spectrum of biological activities. In this study, we used a bioactivity-guided separation of an extract from the liverwort species Marchantia emarginata subsp. tosana to determine its anticancer activity. A high level of the active ingredient was isolated from this liverwort and ...
Ge Pengfei - - 2010
Glioma still remains a major health problem in the world. Celastrol has been proved to be an effective natural proteasome inhibitor and was used for treatment of autoimmune disease, chronic inflammation and neurodegenerative disease. However, its effect on glioma is unclear. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of ...
Sroka Irene M - - 2010
Abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation contributes to the pathogenesis of restenosis. Thus, drugs interfering with cell cycle progression in VSMC are promising candidates for an antirestenotic therapy. In this study, we pharmacologically characterize N-5-(2-aminocyclohexyl)-N-7-benzyl-3-isopropyl-1(2)H-pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidine-5,7-di-amine (LGR1406), a novel derivative of the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor roscovitine (ROSC), in PDGF-BB-activated ...
Chen X - - 2010
Ischemia/hypoxia is known to induce the neural stem cells proliferation and neural differentiation in rodent and human brain; however its mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study we investigated the effect of hypoxia on neural stem cells (NSCs) proliferation with the expression of cyclin D1 and the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated ...
Oh Kwang-Jin KJ Center for Molecular Biology of Oral Diseases, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, - - 2010
The HPV oncoprotein E7 promotes proteasomal degradation of the tumor suppressor protein Rb. In this study, we analyzed the regulation of E7-induced Rb proteolysis in HPV-containing Caski cervical cancer cells. We show that the Rb proteolysis is cell cycle dependent; in S phase Rb is stable while in post-mitotic early ...
Fuster José J - - 2010
Excessive hyperplastic cell growth within occlusive vascular lesions has been recognized as a key component of the inflammatory response associated with atherosclerosis, restenosis post-angioplasty, and graft atherosclerosis after coronary artery bypass. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that regulate arterial cell proliferation is therefore essential for the development of new tools for ...
Hsu Chin-Mu - - 2010
Emodin--a major component of Rheum palmatum L.-exerts antiproliferative effects in cancer cells that are regulated by different signaling pathways. Hepatocellular carcinoma has high-incidence rates and is associated with poor prognosis and high mortality rates. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of emodin on human hepatocarcinoma cell viability and ...
Reed Christopher A - - 2010
The retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor pathway is disrupted at high frequency in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the mechanisms through which RB modulates physiological responses in the liver remain poorly defined. Despite the well established role of RB in cell cycle control, the deletion of RB had no impact on the kinetics ...
Betanska Katarzyna - - 2009
CHO-K1 cells are routinely used for characterization of ecdysone receptor (EcR) function, because these vertebrate cells are devoid of endogenous ecdysone receptor protein. Moreover, the endogenous expression of RXR, the vertebrate orthologue of Ultraspiracle (Usp), the most important heterodimerization partner, is neglectable. In contrast to insect cells, there is also ...
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