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Ma Shibin - - 2010
Pre-B-cell expansion is driven by signals from the interleukin-7 receptor and the pre-B-cell receptor and is dependent on cyclin D3 and c-Myc. We have shown previously that interferon regulatory factors 4 and 8 induce the expression of Ikaros and Aiolos to suppress pre-B-cell proliferation. However, the molecular mechanisms through which ...
Wang A - - 2010
It has been known for decades that microbial fermentation within the rumen is critical to postnatal rumen epithelial growth and maturation in ruminants, but the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. In this study, we determined the effect of rumen fluid, which should contain all products from rumen fermentation, on growth ...
Duan Yinong - - 2010
Schwann cells proliferation is the main characterize of kinds PNS inflammation diseases. It has been well documented that cyclin D3 /CDK11(p58) complex inhibits cell function through multiple mechanisms, but the mechanism of cyclin D3/CDK11(p58) complex exerts its repressive role in the Schwann cells proliferation remains to be identified. In the ...
Tian Tao - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors. Most patients with HCC die within one year after diagnosis largely because of frequent tumor recurrence and metastasis. The tumor suppressor gene PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10) is one of the most commonly lost or ...
Hitomi Masahiro - - 2010
Quantitative cytometric studies show that cyclin D1 levels must decline during S phase for proper cell cycle progression, and that cyclin D1 decline follows phosphorylation induced by the checkpoint kinases ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) and ATM and Rad3-related (ATR). ATM is mutated in ataxia telangiectasia (AT), a disease characterized by ...
Bauzon Frederick - - 2010
A major goal of tumor suppressor research is to neutralize the tumorigenic effects of their loss. Since loss of pRb does not induce tumorigenesis in many types of cells, natural mechanisms may neutralize the tumorigenic effects of pRb loss in these cells. For susceptible cells, neutralizing the tumorigenic effects of ...
Yoshida Tatsushi - - 2010
Rac1 GTPase regulates a variety of signaling pathways that are implicated in malignant phenotypes. Here, we show that selective inhibition of Rac1 activity by the pharmacologic inhibitor NSC23766 suppressed cell growth in a panel of human breast cancer cell lines, whereas it had little toxicity to normal mammary epithelial cells. ...
Kim Kyung-Mi - - 2010
In our previous study, we showed that Helicobacter pylori gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) is associated with H. pylori-induced apoptosis through a mitochondrial pathway. To better understand the role of GGT in apoptosis, we examined the effect of GGT on cell cycle regulation in AGS cells. To determine the effect of recombinant GGT ...
Yoo George H - - 2010
XRP6258 is a novel taxoid, which has antitumor activity in preclinical mouse orthotopic and human xenograft cancer models. However, limited XRP6258 studies have been performed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells (HNSCC). The objective of this study is to identify the antitumor activity of XRP6258 in HNSCC cell ...
Wang Yi-Fen - - 2010
Death receptor-mediated apoptosis is potently inhibited by viral FLIP (FLICE/caspase 8 inhibitory protein) through reduced activation of procaspase 8. In this study, we show that the human herpesvirus 8-encoded vFLIP retards cell proliferation. Overexpression of vFLIP caused cell cycle arrest, with an apparent decrease of cells in the S phase. ...
Wolgemuth Debra J - - 2010
Key components of the cell cycle machinery are the regulatory subunits, the cyclins, and their catalytic partners the cyclin-dependent kinases. Regulating the cell cycle in the male germ line cells represents unique challenges for this machinery given the constant renewal of gametes throughout the reproductive lifespan and the induction of ...
Zabka Aneta - - 2010
Alternate treatments of Allium cepa root meristems with hydroxyurea (HU) and caffeine give rise to extremely large and highly elongated cells with atypical images of mitotic divisions, including internuclear asynchrony and an unknown type of interchromosomal asynchrony observed during metaphase-to-anaphase transition. Another type of asynchrony that cannot depend solely on ...
Shimizu Y - - 2010
Activation of the progesterone receptor (PR) inhibits cell proliferation in various reproductive tissues. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of cell proliferation by PR remain poorly understood. It is well established that Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), a family of zinc fingercontaining transcription factors, induces cell cycle arrest in epithelial ...
Wei Wei - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the 5th most common cancer worldwide. It is intrinsically resistant toward standard chemotherapy, making it imperative to develop novel selective chemotherapeutic agents. The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays critical roles in development and oncogenesis, and is dysregulated in HCC. Our study aims to evaluate the activity of 3 ...
Choi Bu Young - - 2010
MCS-5A, an analog of sangivamycin, selectively inhibits the cyclin-dependent kinases CDK1 and 4 in HL-60 cells in vitro (IC(50): 9.6 and 8.8 1V, respectively), while weakly inhibiting other housekeeping protein kinases. MCS-5A effectively induces HL-60 cell cycle arrest at the G(1) and G(2)/M phases through direct inhibition of CDK1 and ...
Grune Tilman - - 2010
Tau is the major protein exhibiting intracellular accumulation in Alzheimer disease. The mechanisms leading to its accumulation are not fully understood. It has been proposed that the proteasome is responsible for degrading tau but, since proteasomal inhibitors block both the ubiquitin-dependent 26S proteasome and the ubiqutin-independent 20S proteasome pathways, it ...
Liu Qing - - 2010
PURPOSE: Despite the progress that has been made in the treatment of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), all patients invariably relapse with the currently available therapies. Because of the absence of curative therapy for MCL, we explored FTY720 as a novel agent against MCL. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The cytotoxic effect of FTY720 ...
Wang Xi - - 2011
Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)), a component of traditional Chinese medicine, has been used successfully for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), and As(2)O(3) is of potential therapeutic value for the treatment of other promyelocytic malignancies and some solid tumors including breast cancer. However, the precise molecular mechanisms through which As(2)O(3) ...
Lee Inkyoung - - 2010
Ras associated with diabetes (Rad) is a Ras-related GTPase that promotes cell growth by accelerating cell cycle transitions. Rad knockdown induced cell cycle arrest and premature senescence without additional cellular stress in multiple cancer cell lines, indicating that Rad expression might be critical for the cell cycle in these cells. ...
Yan Xiaofei - - 2010
The tumor suppressor p27(Kip1) is an inhibitor of cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) complexes and plays a crucial role in cell cycle regulation. Nevertheless, p27 function in the tumorigenesis of the uterine cervix has been poorly defined. Some phenomenon hints that HPV E7 protein can enhance p27 expression, which is contradictory to ...
Soriano Sulpicio G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prolonged exposure to ketamine results in accelerated neurodegeneration and neurocognitive deficits in the neonatal rats. Experimental models of neurodegeneration have implicated reentry of postmitotic neurons into the cell cycle, leading to cell death. The authors hypothesize that the ketamine-induced neuroapoptosis is partially due to aberrant cycle cell reentry. To ...
Yamamoto Sohei - - 2010
To identify the key cell-cycle dysregulations in the development of endometriosis-associated ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (CCA). Expression of p27(Kip1)-interacting cell-cycle regulators, such as p27(Kip1) itself, Skp2, cyclin-dependent kinase subunit 1 (Cks1), cyclin A and cyclin E, and Ki67 labelling index (LI), were analysed by immunohistochemistry in 23 CCAs with 36 ...
Wu Junjie - - 2010
Reduced expression of miR-129 has been reported in multiple tumor cell lines and in primary tumors including medulloblastoma, undifferentiated gastric cancers, lung adenocarcinoma, endometrial cancer and colorectal carcinoma. There is also recent evidence of an anti-proliferative activity of miR-129 in tumor cell lines. Still, little is known about how miR-129 ...
Hernandez Claudia P - - 2010
Adult patients with acute lymphoblastic T cell leukemia (T-ALL) have a very poor prognosis and few effective therapeutic options. Therefore, novel therapies that increase the efficacy of the treatments and that prolong T-ALL patient survival are needed. Malignant T cells require high concentrations of nutrients to sustain their increased rate ...
Peled Jonathan U - - 2010
Germinal centers (GC) of secondary lymphoid tissues are critical to mounting a high-affinity humoral immune response. B cells within the GC undergo rapid clonal expansion and selection while diversifying their antibody genes. Although it is generally believed that GC B cells employ a unique proliferative program to accommodate these processes, ...
Lu Ying - - 2010
One oscillation of Cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) activity, largely driven by periodic synthesis and destruction of cyclins, is tightly coupled to a single complete eukaryotic cell division cycle. Tight linkage of different steps in diverse cell-cycle processes to Cdk activity has been proposed to explain this coupling. Here, we demonstrate an ...
Morgan David O - - 2010
The cell divides in a series of discrete steps that occur in a specific order. Lu and Cross (2010) now propose that cell-cycle events are ordered by a regulatory system in which a master oscillator, based on cyclin-dependent kinases, entrains a series of peripheral oscillators controlling individual events.
Patsos Georgios - - 2010
Absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) is a member of the interferon-inducible HIN-200 protein family. Recent findings point to a role of AIM2 function in both inflammation and cancer. In response to foreign cytoplasmic DNA, AIM2 forms an inflammasome, resulting in caspase activation in inflammatory cells. Moreover, AIM2 reduces breast cancer ...
Cai Wen-Jie - - 2010
H(2)S (hydrogen sulfide), regarded as the third gaseous transmitter, is implicated in ulcerative colitis and colorectal cancers. The present study investigates the effects of H(2)S on cell proliferation in human colon cancer HCT 116 cells and SW480 cells. We identified the two key enzymes, CBS and CSE, for H(2)S synthesis ...
Eliades Alexia - - 2010
Megakaryocytes are platelet precursor cells that undergo endomitosis. During this process, repeated rounds of DNA synthesis are characterized by lack of late anaphase and cytokinesis. Physiologically, the majority of the polyploid megakaryocytes in the bone marrow are cell cycle arrested. As previously reported, cyclin E is essential for megakaryocyte polyploidy; ...
Virtudazo Eric V - - 2010
The cell cycle pattern of the pathogenic basidiomycetous yeast Cryptococcus neoformans differs from that of the ascomycetous budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To clarify the cell cycle control mechanisms at the molecular level, homologues of cell cycle control genes in C. neoformans were cloned and analyzed. Here, we report on the ...
Venkatesha Venkatasubbaiah A - - 2010
2,2',4,4',5,5'-Hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB-153) is a non-metabolizable environmental chemical contaminant commonly found in breast milk of PCB exposed individuals, suggesting that chronic exposure to PCB-153 could have adverse health effects. We have shown previously that PCB-153 increased reactive oxygen species levels in non-tumorigenic MCF-10A human mammary epithelial cells, which were associated with ...
Kashiwagi Aki - - 2010
Calpains are calcium-dependent intracellular cysteine proteases, which include ubiquitously expressed mu- and m-calpains. Both calpains are heterodimers consisting of a large catalytic subunit and a small regulatory subunit. The calpain small subunit encoded by the gene Capn4 directly binds to the intracellular C-terminal tail of the receptor for the parathyroid ...
Long Xiang-E - - 2010
Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) is a member of serine/ threonine protein kinases, which initiates the principal transitions of the eukaryotic cell cycle and is a promising target for cancer therapy. The present study was designed to inhibit cdk2 gene expression to induce cell cycle arrest and cell proliferation suppression. Here, ...
Gridling Manuela - - 2010
The water extract of the lettuce Lactuca sativa, but not the ethyl acetate extract, inhibited the growth of HL-60 leukaemia cells and MCF-7 breast cancer cells. This correlated with the activation of checkpoint kinase 2 (Chk2), the induction of the tumour suppressor p21, and the severe downregulation of the proto-oncogene ...
Kasai H - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Infection of murine macrophage cell line J774.1 with the periodontopathic bacterium Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans induces apoptotic cell death. The infection induces cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase prior to the appearance of apoptotic cells. This study determined the involvement of various cell cycle-related signal molecules in A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced G1 ...
Azar Rania - - 2010
Although contact inhibition is a fundamental process for multicellular organisms, how proliferation is inhibited at high cellular densities remains poorly characterized. Here we show that 4E-BP1, one major repressor of cap-dependent translation, plays a critical role in density-mediated cell cycle arrest. 4E-BP1 promoter is activated and 4E-BP1 protein amount increases ...
Ramana Kota V - - 2010
Colon cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women worldwide. The deregulated cell cycle control or decreased apoptosis of normal epithelial cells leading to uncontrolled proliferation is one of the major features of tumor progression. We have previously shown that aldose reductase (AR), a NADPH-dependent ...
Michaud Karine - - 2010
Activation of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (cdk4/6) occurs in the majority of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tumors, and represents a promising molecular target for the development of small molecule inhibitors. In the current study, we investigated the molecular determinants and in vivo response of diverse GBM cell lines and xenografts ...
Wang Huixin - - 2010
Previous studies from our laboratory have indicated that overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor pathway substrate 8 (EPS8) enhances cell proliferation, migration and tumorigenicity in vivo, although the mechanisms involved remain unexplored. A microarray screen to search for potential mediators of EPS8 identified upregulation of multiple cell cycle-related targets ...
Deibler Richard W - - 2010
The regulation of mitotic entry in somatic cells differs from embryonic cells, yet it is only for embryonic cells that we have a quantitative understanding of this process. To gain a similar insight into somatic cells, we developed a human cell extract system that recapitulates CDK1 activation and nuclear envelope ...
Hershko Avram - - 2010
By the late 1980s, the basic biochemistry of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation had already been elucidated by studies that used reticulocyte lysates. However, the scope and biological functions of this system remained largely obscure. Therefore, I became interested at that time in the mechanisms by which mitotic cyclins are degraded in ...
Kakuguchi Wataru - - 2010
HuR binds to AU-rich element-containing mRNA to protect them from rapid degradation. Here, we show that knockdown of HuR changes the oncogenic properties of oral cancer cells. Oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines, HSC-3 and Ca9.22, which express HuR protein and cytoplasmic AU-rich element mRNA more abundantly than normal cells, ...
Hu Xiaolan - - 2010
Salidroside (p-hydroxyphenethyl-beta-d-glucoside), which is present in all species of the genus Rhodiola, has been reported to have a broad spectrum of pharmacological properties. The present study, for the first time, focused on evaluating the effects of the purified salidroside on the proliferation of various human cancer cell lines derived from ...
Yoshioka Hidenori - - 2010
Viral K-cyclin derived from Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus is homologous with mammalian D-type cyclins. Here, we demonstrated the regulatory mechanisms for K-cyclin function and degradation in human embryonic kidney HEK293 and primary effusion lymphoma JSC-1 cell lines. Proteasome inhibitor MG132 treatment induced an accumulation of ubiquitinated K-cyclin in these cells, and ...
Wang Zeping - - 2010
Pim-2 kinase is one of the three highly conserved Pim family members which are known to be involved in cell survival and cell proliferation. Here we demonstrate that like Pim-1, Pim-2 also phosphorylates the cell cycle inhibitor p21(Cip1/WAF1) (p21) on Thr145 in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of Pim-2 in ...
Chaudhuri Leena - - 2010
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are environmental chemical contaminants that can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) by autoxidation of dihydroxy-PCBs and redox-cycling. We investigate the hypothesis that PCB induced perturbations in ROS signaling regulate the entry of quiescent cells into the proliferative cycle. Quiescent MCF-10A human breast epithelial cells were incubated with ...
Suryadinata Randy - - 2010
The eukaryotic cell cycle is a fundamental evolutionarily conserved process that regulates cell division from simple unicellular organisms, such as yeast, through to higher multicellular organisms, such as humans. The cell cycle comprises several phases, including the S-phase (DNA synthesis phase) and M-phase (mitotic phase). During S-phase, the genetic material ...
Patel Shetal A - - 2010
The trimeric Cdk7.cyclin H.Mat1 complex functions in cell cycle regulation, as the Cdk-activating kinase, and in transcription, as a module of the general transcription factor TFIIH. As a component of TFIIH, Cdk7 phosphorylates serines 5 and 7 of the carboxyl-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II and can also directly phosphorylate ...
Anderson Per - - 2010
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a potent anti-inflammatory neuropeptide that, by inhibiting Th1-driven responses and inducing the emergence of regulatory T cells (T(reg)), has been proven successful in the induction of tolerance in various experimental models of autoimmune disorders. Here, we investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in VIP-induced tolerance. VIP ...
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