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Yip Wai Kien - - 2010
Secondary metabolites from actinomycetes especially the genus Streptomyces may be one of the most important sources for novel anticancer agents. A purified fraction from a novel actinomycete strain, Streptomyces sp. H7372, was elucidated in breast cancer cells. We have isolated three purified fractions from a novel strain, Streptomyces sp. H7372. ...
Relja Borna - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of major health concerns worldwide and one of leading causes of cancer death after lung and gastric cancers. Simvastatin is a cholesterol-lowering drug which inhibits 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarylcoenzyme CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase. Simvastatin exhibits numerous pleiotropic effects including anti-cancer activity. Yet, the anticancer effects in HCC remain poorly ...
Nguyen Kim-Doan Katrina - - 2010
Barrett esophagus (BE) is a premalignant condition that develops due to prolonged gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In some but not all cases, BE progresses to Barrett-associated adenocarcinoma. p27 is a tumor-suppressor protein that regulates the cell's division cycle and appears to be frequently inactivated in Barrett-associated adenocarcinoma due to increased ...
Linares Juan F JF Department of Cancer and Cell Biology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Vontz Center for Molecular Studies, 3125 Eden Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45267, - - 2011
The protein scaffold and signaling regulator p62 is important in critical cellular functions, including bone homeostasis, obesity, and cancer, because of its interactions with various signaling intermediaries. p62 is overexpressed in human cancers and is induced during cell transformation. Its genetic ablation inhibits lung tumorigenesis in vivo and cell proliferation ...
Bae Yoonhee - - 2010
Hip2, a ubiquitin conjugating enzyme, is involved in the suppression of cell death. The present study revealed that Hip2 regulates the stability of the apoptotic and cell cycle regulator cyclin B1. Hip2 was found to interact with cyclin B1 to promote its degradation through the ubiquitin proteasome pathway. As a ...
Dhulipala Vamsidhara C - - 2011
Secalonic acid D (SAD), a cleft palate-inducing teratogen, has been shown to inhibit proliferation/cell cycle progression in association with alteration in the levels of cell cycle regulators, p21 and cyclin E. These studies were conducted to test the hypotheses that p21 and cyclin E play an important functional role in ...
Ferretti Chiara - - 2010
Highly Expressed in Cancer protein 1 (Hec1) is a subunit of the Ndc80 complex, a constituent of the mitotic kinetochore. HEC1 has been shown to be overexpressed in many cancers, suggesting that HEC1 upregulation is involved in the generation and/or maintenance of the tumour phenotype. However, the regulation of Hec1 ...
Huang George T-J GT Boston University, Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Department of Endodontics, 100 E. Newton St. G705, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2010
The mechanism of the formation of apical cyst has been elusive. Several theories have long been proposed and discussed speculating how an apical cyst is developed and formed in the jaw bone resulting from endododontic infection. Two popular theories are the nutritional deficiency theory and the abscess theory. The nutritional ...
Wang L M - - 2010
The cell cycle is the series of events necessary for the division and duplication of a cell. The dysregulation of the cell cycle can promote the development of cancer. A group of proteins, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), that control the cell cycle, provide new targets for treating cancer. As a result, ...
Aaltonen V - - 2010
Rb functions as a key controller of the G(1)-S transition of the cell cycle, and its inactivation leads to a defective G(1) checkpoint. Bladder cancer frequently displays alterations in Rb such as constitutive hyperphosphorylation which results in inactive Rb and progression of cells to the S-phase. Several protein kinase C ...
Boruc Joanna - - 2010
The eukaryotic cell cycle is a process controlled by protein assemblies, of which the key subunits are serine-threonine cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). Timely association and dissociation of these assemblies ensure that the cell division program is executed correctly. The challenge to unravel the rules of the plant cell cycle results from ...
Du Bin - - 2010
A new arabinopyranoside was isolated from the alga Laurencia majuscula (Harvey) Lucas, collected from the Xisha Islands in the South China Sea. Its structure was elucidated as hexadecyl-1-O-α-L-arabinopyranoside by spectroscopic analysis. It was found that arabinopyranoside had significant antitumor activity in LOVO and Bel-7402 cell lines. Flow cytometric analysis showed ...
Xu Wei-Li - - 2010
The β-catenin gene is a critical component of Wnt signaling pathway. Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling and subsequent upregulation of β-catenin is related to enhancing cell proliferation and developing colon polyps and colon cancer. In the present study, the effect of β-catenin knockdown on the growth and survival of the ...
Gaamouche Tarik T Department of Plant Systems Biology, VIB, 9052 Gent, - - 2010
As the shoot apex produces most of the cells that comprise the aerial part of the plant, perfect orchestration between cell division rates and fate specification is essential for normal organ formation and plant development. However, the inter-dependence of cell-cycle machinery and meristem-organizing genes is still poorly understood. To investigate ...
Lin Ping - - 2011
Fbxw8 is the F-box component of a SCF-like E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. Mice lacking Fbxw8 exhibit pathological defects in placenta and embryo similar to fetal growth retardation, suggesting a role of Fbxw8 in placentation. Proliferative capacity of trophoblast cells is very important in placental development. In this context, we revealed ...
Guthalu Kondegowda Nagesha N Division of Endocrinology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2010
Inducing human β-cell growth while enhancing function is a major goal in the treatment of diabetes. Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) enhances rodent β-cell growth and function through the parathyroid hormone-1 receptor (PTH1R). Based on this, we hypothesized that PTH1R is expressed in human β-cells and that PTHrP has the potential ...
Xu Mingyu - - 2010
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a potent environmental neurotoxin that shows toxicity to developing central nervous system (CNS), causing brain damage in children even at low exposure levels. However, the mechanisms for its effect on CNS are not well understood. In current study, primary cultures of progenitor cells from embryonic cerebral cortex ...
Nakaya Teruo - - 2010
The mitotic checkpoint is essential for maintaining genomic stability in differentiating B cells undergoing genetic alterations of the Ig gene. In this study, using real-time RT-PCR and in situ RNA hybridization, we demonstrated that MAD2 mRNA export is selectively regulated by Pcid2/Thp1. Pcid2 small interfering RNA induced a cell-cycle abnormality ...
Abbas Imane - - 2010
To improve the knowledge of the underlying mechanisms implying in air pollution Particulate Matter (PM)-induced lung toxicity in humans, we were interested in the sequential occurrence of molecular abnormalities from TP53-RB gene signaling pathway activation in the L132 target human lung epithelial cell model. The most toxicologically relevant physical and ...
Jeong Jin Boo - - 2010
Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is an environment carcinogen that can enhance cell proliferation by disturbing the signal transduction pathways in cell cycle regulation. In this study, the effects of 2M4VP on cell proliferation, cell cycle and cell cycle regulatory proteins were studied in BaP-treated NIH 3T3 cells to establish the molecular mechanisms ...
Bustany Sophie - - 2011
p27(Kip1) is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that plays a critical role in regulating G(1)/S transition, and whose activity is, in part, regulated through interactions with D-type cyclins. We have generated the BD1-9 cell line, a BaF3 pro-B cells derivative in which cyclin D1 can be induced rapidly and reversibly by ...
Zhang Zilai - - 2011
Replication stress often induces chromosome instability. In this study, we explore which factors in replication-compromised cells promote abnormal chromosome ploidy. We expressed mutant forms of either polymerase α (Polα) or polymerase δ (Polδ) in normal human fibroblasts to compromise DNA replication. Cells expressing the mutant Polα-protein failed to sustain mitotic ...
Nakamura Satoki - - 2010
FOXM1 is an important cell cycle regulator and regulates cell proliferation. In addition, FOXM1 has been reported to contribute to oncogenesis in various cancers. However, it is not clearly understood how FOXM1 contributes to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell proliferation. In this study, we investigated the cellular and molecular function ...
Chen Lei L Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, 282 Hanzhong Road, 210029 Nanjing, Jiangsu, People's Republic of - - 2011
Cryptotanshinone is a major active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza, which is often used as Chinese herbal medicine in cancer therapy. Here, we systematically assessed the anti-tumor effect of Cryptotanshinone on two melanoma cell lines with low/high-metastatic capacity (B16/B16BL6). MTT and LDH assays were used to evaluate cell growth and cytotoxicity. ...
Aguilar Victor - - 2010
Since the discovery of cyclins, the role of cell cycle regulators in the control of cell proliferation has been extensively studied. It is clear that proliferation requires an adapted metabolic response of the cells; hence the regulation of cell cycle must be linked to metabolic control. While at a much ...
Chai Yubo - - 2010
ABSTRACT: Natural herbal compounds with novel actions different from existing breast cancer (BCa) treatment modalities are attractive for improving therapeutic efficacy and safety. We have recently shown that penta-1,2,3,4,6-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose (PGG) induced S-phase arrest in prostate cancer (PCa) cells through inhibiting DNA replicative synthesis and G1 arrest, in addition to inducing ...
Huang Hai-Li - - 2010
The F-box protein family member FBXO31 has rarely been studied in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was designed to investigate the expression profile of FBXO31 in HCC and the possibility that FBXO31 might function as a tumor suppressor in HCC cell lines. We report that FBXO31 is strongly down-regulated ...
Du Zhao-Dong - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of sodium orthovanadate (SOV)-induced phosphatase inhibition to the activation of rat retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells. Confluent cultures of rat RPE cells were treated with the general phosphatase inhibitor SOV. The effects of SOV on the cell cycle were determined ...
Liu W W Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15232, - - 2011
Inactivation of von Hippel-Lindau tumor-suppressor protein (pVHL) is associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease, an inherited cancer syndrome, as well as the majority of patients with sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Although the involvement of pVHL in oxygen sensing through targeting hypoxia-inducible factor-α subunits to ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis has been ...
Valle-Argos Beatriz - - 2011
The high frequency and malignancy of human glioblastomas has stimulated the search for potential therapeutic approaches. The control of the glioma cell proliferation in response to mitogenic signals is one of the most promising antitumoral strategies, and the main target of several therapies. Neurostatin, an O-acetylated derivative of the ganglioside ...
Yu Ji-Yeon - - 2010
Growing interest in the beneficial effects of antioxidants has inspired the synthesis of new phenolic acid phenethyl ureas (PAPUs) with enhanced antioxidant potential. We have previously shown the capacity of one PAPU compound, (E)-1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenethyl)-3-styrylurea (PAPU1), to induce caspase-dependent apoptosis in melanoma cells. In the present study, we examined the anti-proliferative ...
McDonald Gail T - - 2010
Approaches to overcome chemoresistance in cancer cells have involved targeting specific signaling pathways such as the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway, a stress response pathway known to be involved in the regulation of cell survival, apoptosis and growth. The present study determined the effect of PI3K inhibition on the clonogenic survival ...
Malladi Anish - - 2011
Cell production is an essential facilitator of fruit growth and development. Cell production during carpel/floral-tube growth, fruit set, and fruit growth, and its regulation by cell cycle genes were investigated in apple (Malus×domestica Borkh.). Cell production was inhibited during late carpel/floral-tube development, resulting in growth arrest before bloom. Fruit set ...
Bonnefont J - - 2011
Ret finger protein-like 1 (RFPL1) is a primate-specific target gene of Pax6, a key transcription factor for pancreas, eye and neocortex development. However, its cellular activity remains elusive. In this article, we report that Pax6-elicited expression of the human (h)RFPL1 gene in HeLa cells can be enhanced by in vivo ...
Cheng Wen-Ling - - 2011
A new polyacetylenic compound, araliadiol, was isolated from the leaves of ARALIA CORDATA Thunb. (Araliaceae). The structure of araliadiol was determined to be 3( S),8( R)-pentadeca-1,9( Z)-diene-4,6-diyne-3,8-diol by MS, NMR, IR, and UV spectroscopic analysis as well as Mosher ester reaction. Araliadiol displayed a significant inhibitory effect on the growth ...
Maeshima Kazuhiro - - 2010
Nuclear volume and the number of nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) on the nucleus almost double during interphase in dividing cells. How these events are coordinated with the cell cycle is poorly understood, particularly in mammalian cells. We report here, based on newly developed techniques for visualizing NPC formation, that cyclin-dependent ...
Quinn John - - 2011
A proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) promotes survival and drug resistance in multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines. We studied the effect of APRIL on cell-cycle behavior in primary MM cells and correlated our findings with D-type cyclin expression by immunohistochemistry and/or Western blotting. In MM cases, expressing cyclin D2 APRIL significantly increased ...
Tran Lieu T LT Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02481, - - 2010
The Target of Rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) is a central regulator of eukaryotic cell growth that is inhibited by the drug rapamycin. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, translational defects associated with TORC1 inactivation inhibit cell cycle progression at an early stage in G1, but little is known about the ...
Skorokhod Oleksii A - - 2010
Severe malaria anemia is characterized by inhibited/altered erythropoiesis and presence of hemozoin-(HZ)-laden bone-marrow macrophages. HZ mediates peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acids and production of bioactive aldehydes such as 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE). HZ-laden human monocytes inhibited growth of cocultivated human erythroid cells and produced HNE that diffused to adjacent cells generating HNE-protein ...
Yang Wonseok - - 2011
To dissect the isoform-specific roles of Akt in breast cancer cells, constitutively active Akt isoforms were introduced into MDA-MB-231 cells. Both Akt1 and Akt2 efficiently inhibited the growth of MDA-MB-231 cells. Overexpression of Akt1 down-regulated ERK activity inhibiting Ser 259 phosphorylation of c-Raf and subsequent downstream signaling. Akt2 overexpression up-regulated ...
Zhang L-S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: CD44 is a transmembrane glycoprotein and can facilitate signal transduction by serving as a platform for molecular recruitment and assembly. A number of studies have suggested that CD44 can either positively or negatively regulate cell proliferation. The purpose of this study was to investigate how CD44 can inhibit cell ...
Sarita Rajender P - - 2010
Cancer prevention is a global priority, but history indicates that the journey towards achieving the goal is difficult. Various cyclin dependent kinase complexes (CDKs/cyclins) operate as major cell signaling components in all stages of cell cycle. CDK/cyclin protein complexes, regulating the cell cycle, are conserved during evolution. In cancer cells, ...
Cerquetti Lidia - - 2010
Mitotane inhibits steroid synthesis by an action on steroidogenic enzymes, as 11beta-hydroxylase and cholesterol side chain cleavage. It also has a cytotoxic effect on the adrenocortical cells and represents a primary drug used in the adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). H295R and SW13 cell lines were treated with mitotane 10(-5) M and ...
Moiola Cristian - - 2010
Human PTE Fb is a protein kinase composed by CDK9 and Cyclin T that controls the elongation phase of RNA Pol II. This complex also affects the activation and differentiation program of lymphoid cells. In this study we found that several head and neck tumor cell lines overexpress PTE Fb. ...
Min Hye-Young - - 2010
Based on the potential of natural products as a source for the development of cancer chemotherapeutic agents, this study was performed to investigate the anti-proliferative and antitumor effects of antofine, a phenanthroindolizidine alkaloid derived from Cynanchum paniculatum. Antofine showed potent anti-proliferative effects in several human cancer cells with IC(50) values ...
Cabrera Rodrigo R Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Interdepartmental Program of Cell and Molecular Biology, and Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
Proteasomes must remove regulatory molecules and abnormal proteins throughout the cell, but how proteasomes can do so efficiently remains unclear. We have isolated a subunit of the Arp2/3 complex, Arc3, which binds proteasomes. When overexpressed, Arc3 rescues phenotypes associated with proteasome deficiencies; when its expression is repressed, proteasome deficiencies intensify. ...
Chen Rong - - 2010
SNS-032 is a potent inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdk) 2, 7, and 9 that regulate the cell cycle and transcription. Our studies in indolent primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells showed that SNS-032 inhibited transcription, diminished the antiapoptotic protein Mcl-1, and induced apoptosis. The present study focuses on evaluating this compound ...
Lau K-M - - 2010
Minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins 2-7 are important in DNA replication licensing. Functional roles beyond licensing are speculated. In addition, significances in medulloblastoma (MB) remain unclear. In this study, we showed the frequent deregulation of MCM2 and MCM3 expression in 7 MB cell lines and 31 clinical samples. Moreover, DAOY and ...
Cho Daniel C DC Division of Hematology and Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. - - 2010
Inhibitors of TORC1 have been shown to be active in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). As the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway activates numerous other kinases, transcription factors, and proteins associated with cell growth and survival besides mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), disruption of this pathway upstream of mTOR ...
Chiappetta Adriana - - 2011
Aside from those on Arabidopsis, very few studies have focused on spatial expression of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) in root apical meristems (RAMs), and, indeed, none has been undertaken for open meristems. The extent of interfacing between cell cycle genes and plant growth regulators is also an increasingly important issue in ...
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