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Rawling Joanna - - 2008
Cell entry by paramyxoviruses requires fusion of the viral envelope with the target cell membrane. Fusion is mediated by the viral fusion (F) glycoprotein and usually requires the aid of the attachment glycoprotein (G, H or HN, depending on the virus). Human respiratory syncytial virus F protein (F(RSV)) is able ...
Larsson Lars-Inge - - 2008
Cell fusions are important to fertilization, placentation, development of skeletal muscle and bone, calcium homeostasis and the immune defense system. Additionally, cell fusions participate in tissue repair and may be important to cancer development and progression. A large number of factors appear to regulate cell fusions, including receptors and ligands, ...
Singethan Katrin K Institute for Virology and Immunobiology, University of Würzburg, Versbacher Str. 7, D-97078 Würzburg, - - 2008
Members of the tetraspanin family including CD9 contribute to the structural organization and plasticity of the plasma membrane. K41, a CD9-specific monoclonal antibody, inhibits the release of HIV-1 and canine distemper virus (CDV)- but not measles virus (MV)-induced cell-cell fusion. We now report that K41, which recognizes a conformational epitope ...
Pajcini Kostandin V KV Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Baxter Laboratory in Genetic Pharmacology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2008
Cell-cell fusion is critical to the normal development of certain tissues, yet the nature and degree of conservation of the underlying molecular components remains largely unknown. Here we show that the two guanine-nucleotide exchange factors Brag2 and Dock180 have evolutionarily conserved functions in the fusion of mammalian myoblasts. Their effects ...
Stiles Katie M KM Department of Microbiology, School of Dental Medicine University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2008
During herpes simplex virus (HSV) entry, membrane fusion occurs either on the cell surface or after virus endocytosis. In both cases, binding of glycoprotein D (gD) to a receptor such as nectin-1 or HVEM is required. In this study, we co-cultured cells expressing gD with nectin-1 expressing cells to investigate ...
Shi Guangbin - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transplantation of adrenal chromaffin cells (CCs) that release endogenous opioid peptides and catecholamines produces significant antinociceptive effects in patients with terminal cancer pain. In clinical practice, however, obtaining a sufficient number of chromaffin cells may not be possible because of the limited availability of human adrenal tissue. ...
Vargas A - - 2008
In the placenta, trophoblast cell fusion leads to the formation of the syncytiotrophoblast, which plays an essential role in the diffusion of nutrients and hormones from the mother to the fetus. Different protein tyrosine kinases are involved in the modulation of this biological process. Herein, we investigated the impact of ...
Howard Megan W - - 2008
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) spike glycoprotein (S) is a class I viral fusion protein that binds to its receptor glycoprotein, human angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (hACE2), and mediates virus entry and cell-cell fusion. The juxtamembrane domain (JMD) of S is an aromatic amino acid-rich region proximal to ...
Millard Thomas H - - 2008
Dorsal closure is a paradigm epithelial fusion episode that occurs late in Drosophila embryogenesis and leads to sealing of a midline hole by bonding of two opposing epithelial sheets. The leading edge epithelial cells express filopodia and fusion is dependent on interdigitation of these filopodia to prime formation of adhesions. ...
Fleissner André - - 2008
Hyphal fusion occurs at different stages in the vegetative and sexual life cycle of filamentous fungi. Similar to cell fusion in other organisms, the process of hyphal fusion requires cell recognition, adhesion, and membrane merger. Analysis of the hyphal fusion process in the model organism Neurospora crassa using fluorescence and ...
Grote Eric - - 2008
Yeast mating provides an accessible genetic system for the discovery of fundamental mechanisms in eukaryotic cell fusion. Although aspects of yeast mating related to pheromone signaling and polarized growth have been intensively investigated, fusion itself is poorly understood. This chapter describes methods for measuring the overall efficiency of yeast cell ...
Hodor Paul G - - 2008
Mesenchymal cells of the sea urchin embryo provide a valuable experimental model for the analysis of cell-cell fusion in vivo. The unsurpassed optical transparency of the sea urchin embryo facilitates analysis of cell fusion in vivo using fluorescent markers and time-lapse three-dimensional imaging. Two populations of mesodermal cells engage in ...
Ydenberg Casey A - - 2008
Haploid yeast cells mate to form a zygote, whose progeny are diploid cells. A fundamentally sexual event, related to fertilization, yeast mating nevertheless exhibits cytological properties that appear similar to somatic cell fusion. A large collection of mutations that lead to defects in various stages of mating, including cell fusion, ...
Gauthier Marie - - 2008
Natural chimerism, the fusion between genetically distinct conspecifics, is a process known to occur in various marine benthic invertebrates. Sponges (phylum Porifera) have proven to be a useful model to study the origin and evolution of allorecognition. Like some other invertebrates, they display an ontogenetic shift in their allorecognition response: ...
Drewlo Sascha - - 2008
A healthy syncytium in the placenta is vital to a successful pregnancy. The trophoblast builds up the natural barrier between the mother and the developing fetus and is the site of gas, nutrition, and waste exchange. An inadequate formation of this tissue leads to several pathologies of pregnancy, which may ...
Shinn-Thomas Jessica H - - 2008
Cell fusion would seem to be obviously recognizable upon visual inspection, and many studies employ a simple microscopic fusion index to quantify the rate and extent of fusion in cell culture. However, when cells are not in monolayers or when there is a large background of multinucleation through failed cytokinesis, ...
Abmayr Susan M - - 2008
Myogenic differentiation in Drosophila melanogaster, as in many other organisms, involves the generation of multinucleate muscle fibers through the fusion of myoblasts. Prior to fusion, the myoblasts become specified as one of two distinct cell types. They then become competent to fuse and express genes associated with cell recognition and ...
Trutnyeva Kateryna - - 2008
Movement proteins (MPs) are virally encoded factors that mediate transport of viral nucleic acid between plant cells. Many MPs are able to move between cells themselves. This feature serves as the basis for evaluation of the transport activity of individual MPs. MPs are transiently expressed as a fusion to autofluorescent ...
Alper Scott - - 2008
In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, 300 of the 959 somatic nuclei present in the adult hermaphrodite are located in syncytia. These syncytia are formed by the fusion of mononucleate cells throughout embryonic and postembryonic development. These cell fusions occur in a well-characterized stereotypical pattern, allowing investigators to study many cell ...
Gammie Alison E - - 2008
The process of creating a single cell from two progenitor cells requires molecular precision to coordinate the events leading to cytoplasmic continuity while preventing lethal cell lysis. Cell fusion characteristically involves the mobilization of fundamental processes, including signaling, polarization, adhesion, and membrane fusion. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an ideal ...
Ishikawa, Tomo-o
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 1206, 1994.3.25
Han Dong Wook - - 2008
The fusion of pluripotent embryonic cells with somatic cells results in reprogramming of the somatic cell genome. Oct4-green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenes that do not contain the proximal enhancer (PE) region are widely used to visualize reprogramming of the somatic to the pluripotent cell state. The temporal onset of Oct4-GFP ...
Mizutani, Akiko
Thesis--University of Tsukuba, D.Sc.(A), no. 718, 1990. 3. 23
Aiba, Kazuhiro
Thesis (Ph.D. in Science)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 1192, 1994.3.25
Habata, Yugo
Thesis (Ph.D. in Science)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 950, 1992.3.25
Suzuki, Kazuyoshi
Thesis--University of Tsukuba, D.Sc.(A), no. 618, 1989. 3. 25
Saga, Yumiko
Thesis--University of Tsukuba, D.Sc.(A), no. 223, 1984. 3. 24
Kong Linghong - - 2007
The search for an effective immunotherapeutic treatment for tumors is an important area of cancer research. To prepare a more effective form of the bifunctional fusion protein IL2-B7.1(IgV+C) and analyze its effect on the stimulation of T lymphocyte proliferation, we used DNAStar 5.03 software to predict the structural diversity and ...
Atanasiu Doina - - 2007
Herpes simplex virus entry into cells requires four glycoproteins, gB, gD, gH, and gL. Binding of gD to one of its receptors triggers steps requiring the core fusion proteins, gB and the gH/gL heterodimer. There is evidence that gH/gL initiates hemifusion of cells, but whether this complex interacts physically with ...
Yaghoubi Shahriar S - - 2007
Appropriate targeting of therapeutic cells is essential in adoptive cellular gene therapy (ACGT). Imaging cell trafficking in animal models and patients will guide development of ACGT protocols. Collagen type II (C-II)-specific T cell hybridomas are transduced with a lentivirus carrying a triple fusion reporter gene (TFR) construct consisting of a ...
Bolkan Bonnie J - - 2007
Matings between D. melanogaster females and males of sibling species in the D. melanogaster complex yield hybrid males that die prior to pupal differentiation. We have reexamined a previous report suggesting that the developmental defects in these lethal hybrid males reflect a failure in cell proliferation that may be the ...
Mukai Atsushi - - 2008
Multinucleated myotubes are formed by fusion of mononucleated myogenic progenitor cells (myoblasts) during terminal skeletal muscle differentiation. In addition, myoblasts fuse with myotubes, but terminally differentiated myotubes have not been shown to fuse with each other. We show here that an adenylate cyclase activator, forskolin, and other reagents that elevate ...
Nebral Karin - - 2007
PAX5 encodes the B-cell lineage specific activator protein (BSAP) and is required for B-cell development and maintenance. In B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), PAX5 is involved in several chromosome translocations that fuse the N-terminal paired DNA-binding domain of PAX5 with the C-terminal regulatory sequences of ETV6, FOXP1, ZNF521 or ...
Golestani Reza - - 2007
In this study we set up a simple, fast, and highly efficient protocol to fuse cells and produce human hybridoma using non-toxic cephalin as a fusogenic lipid. We compared our proposed method with PEG-mediated fusion, the well-known conventional method. Human lymphoblastoid cells were fused with an F3B6 heteromyeloma cell line ...
Hashimoto Manami - - 2008
A bacterial cell tethered through a flagellum on a glass slide rotates its cell body in either counter-clockwise or clockwise at around 10 Hz. To analyze the detailed manner of rotation, we have constructed and expressed yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)-FliN fusion protein in a fliN deletion mutant, resulting in the ...
Shi Yan - - 2008
Currently, quantitative and semiquantitative assays for minimal residual disease detection include fluorescence in situ hybridisation, multiparameter flow cytometric immunophenotyping and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR). We have developed a new approach to detect hybrid breakpoint cluster region and Abelson proto-oncogene (BCR-ABL) transcripts inside suspension cells using in situ RT-PCR ...
Ayata Minoru - - 2007
Measles virus (MV) is the causative agent of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) and viruses isolated from brains of the patients contain numerous mutations. We have previously demonstrated that the hemagglutinin (H) protein of MV SSPE strains can interact with the signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) and an unidentified molecule on ...
Kang Min-Hee - - 2007
To assess novel cellular roles and regulation of Rad9 in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the full-length rad9 gene was cloned into the shuttle vector pRS316, generating pYFRad9. The rad9 mRNA level was significantly increased in the S. pombe cells harboring the plasmid pYFRad9, suggesting that the cloned rad9 gene ...
Claus Claudia - - 2007
During serial passaging of rubella virus (RUB) in cell culture, the dominant species of defective-interfering RNA (DI) generated contains an in-frame deletion between the capsid protein (C) gene and E1 glycoprotein gene resulting in production of a C-E1 fusion protein that is necessary for the maintenance of the DI [Tzeng, ...
Margalit Ayelet - - 2007
Barrier to autointegration factor (BAF) binds double-stranded DNA, selected histones, transcription regulators, lamins, and LAP2-emerin-MAN1 (LEM) domain proteins. During early Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis, BAF-1 is required to organize chromatin, capture segregated chromosomes within the nascent nuclear envelope, and assemble lamin and LEM domain proteins in reforming nuclei. In this study, ...
Wu Liguo L Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Center for Molecular and Tumor Virology and Feist-Weiller Cancer Center, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, - - 2007
Glycoprotein gH, together with its chaperone gL and a third glycoprotein gB, is essential for cell-cell fusion and virus-cell fusion mediated by herpesviruses. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), the prototype human lymphocryptovirus, requires a fourth glycoprotein gp42 to support fusion with B cells in addition to epithelial cells. Two other lymphocryptoviruses, the ...
Weiss Jennifer M - - 2007
Review of the use of Cell Saver in a non-randomized group of patients undergoing spinal fusion for scoliosis. To determine the efficacy of the use of Cell Saver for spinal fusions for scoliosis. Although Cell Saver is widely used in scoliosis surgery, it is not clear whether its use decreases ...
Yoshida Keiichiro - - 2007
The 5F9A cell, which is a mesenchymal stem cell-like clone established from rat bone marrow substrate adherent cells, can differentiate into adipocytes and osteoblasts in vitro under the appropriate conditions. Multinucleated cells could be also induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) in 5F9A cells. This effect was mediated by protein kinase ...
Daridon Capucine - - 2008
BAFF and APRIL are two members of the TNF superfamily that have co-stimulatory activity on B cells and contribute to autoimmunity. While BAFF is processed at the cell surface, APRIL is processed inside the cell by a furin-convertase and is able to perform its function only as a soluble factor. ...
Jay Steven M - - 2007
Macrophages that are recruited to the site of implanted biomaterials undergo fusion to form surface-damaging foreign body giant cells. Exposure of peripheral blood monocytes to interleukin-4 can recapitulate the fusion process in vitro. In this study, we used interleukin-4 to induce multinucleation of murine bone marrow-derived macrophages and observed changes ...
Taoka Ken-Ichiro - - 2007
In plants, cell-to-cell trafficking of non-cell-autonomous proteins (NCAPs) involves protein-protein interactions, and a role for posttranslational modification has been implicated. In this study, proteins contained in pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima cv Big Max) phloem sap were used as a source of NCAPs to further explore the molecular basis for selective NCAP ...
Turner Peter C PC Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610-0266, USA. - - 2007
The vaccinia virus temperature-sensitive mutations Cts6 and Cts9 were mapped by marker rescue and DNA sequencing to the A28 gene. Cts6 and Cts9 contain an identical 2-bp deletion truncating the A28 protein and removing the fourth conserved cysteine near the C-terminus. Cts9 mutant virions produced at 40 degrees C were ...
Bondesen Brenda A - - 2007
Satellite cells are stem cells that are critical for the formation and growth of skeletal muscle during myogenesis. To differentiate and fuse, proliferating satellite cells or myoblasts must migrate and establish stable cell-cell contacts. However, the factors that regulate myoblast migration and fusion are not understood completely. We have identified ...
Omerović Jasmina J Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Ward 6-231, 303 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, - - 2007
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human gamma-herpesvirus that primarily infects B lymphocytes and epithelial cells. Entry of EBV into B cells requires the viral glycoproteins gp42, gH/gL and gB, while gp42 is not necessary for infection of epithelial cells. In EBV, gH and gL form two distinct complexes, a bipartite ...
Sapir Amir - - 2007
Cell fusion is fundamental for reproduction and organ formation. Fusion between most C. elegans epithelial cells is mediated by the EFF-1 fusogen. However, fusion between the anchor cell and the utse syncytium that establishes a continuous uterine-vulval tube proceeds normally in eff-1 mutants. By isolating mutants where the anchor-cell fails ...
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