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Paulander Wilhelm W Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, - - 2014
It was recently proposed that for bactericidal antibiotics a common killing mechanism contributes to lethality involving indirect stimulation of hydroxyl radical (OH•) formation. Flow cytometric detection of OH• by hydroxyphenyl fluorescein (HPF) probe oxidation was used to support this hypothesis. Here we show that increased HPF signals in antibiotics-exposed bacterial ...
Kuhnert Nikolai - - 2013
Back to square one: Two recent studies prove that reaction oxygen species (ROS) are not responsible for bacterial cell death after treatment with antibiotics. The ROS concept cannot be generalized to explain all processes resulting in cell death. The search for the mechanism of action of bacterial antibiotics must thus ...
Wayakanon Kornchanok - - 2013
The gram-negative anaerobe Porphyromonas gingivalis colonizes the gingival crevice and is etiologically associated with periodontal disease that can lead to alveolar bone damage and resorption, promoting tooth loss. Although susceptible to antibiotics, P. gingivalis can evade antibiotic killing by residing within gingival keratinocytes. This provides a reservoir of organisms that ...
Szkudlarek-Mikho Maria M Department of Medicine, Biochemistry and Cancer Biology, Center for Diabetes and Endocrine Research, College of Medicine, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43614, - - 2012
The polyether ionophoric antibiotics including monensin, salinomycin, and narasin, are widely used in veterinary medicine and as food additives and growth promoters in animal husbandry including poultry farming. Their effects on human health, however, are not fully understood. Recent studies showed that salinomycin is a cancer stem cell inhibitor. Since ...
Oh Jae-Min - - 2012
We previously reported that autophagy is upregulated in Prnp-deficient (Prnp ( 0/0) ) hippocampal neuronal cells in comparison to cellular prion protein (PrP (C) )-expressing (Prnp (+/+) ) control cells under conditions of serum deprivation. In this study, we determined whether a protective mechanism of PrP (C) is associated with ...
Ciechomska Iwona Anna - - 2012
Cyclosporine A (CsA), which revolutionized transplantology due to its ability to block the activation of lymphocytes and other immune system cells, triggers autophagy in malignant glioma cell lines via stimulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. We also found that autophagy serves as a protective mechanism against CsA toxicity.
González Raúl - - 2013
The study evaluated the role of increased intracellular nitric oxide (NO) concentration using NO donors or stably NO synthase-3 (NOS-3) overexpression during CD95-dependent cell death in hepatoma cells. The expression of cell death receptors and caspase activation, RhoA kinase activity, NOS-3 expression/activity, oxidative/nitrosative stress, and p53 expression were analyzed. The ...
Joaquin Manel - - 2012
Comment on: Joaquin M, et al. EMBO J 2012; 31:2952-64.
Yan Gonghong - - 2012
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, small GTPase Rho1 controls polarized actin distribution and cell wall expansion in response to many different environmental and intracellular stimuli. Its activity is essential for cell survival and adaptation under various stress conditions. A recent study identified the TOR complex 1 (TORC1), a central regulator ...
Alekseenko Larisa L - - 2012
Embryonic stem cells (ESC) are able to self-renew and to differentiate into any cell type. To escape error transmission to future cell progeny, ESC require robust mechanisms to ensure genomic stability. It was stated that stress defense of mouse and human ESC against oxidative stress and irradiation is superior compared ...
Hamidi Tewfik T Stress Cellulaire, Parc Scientifique et Technologique de Luminy, Marseille, - - 2012
The limited supply of oxygen and nutrients is thought to result in rigorous selection of cells that will eventually form the tumor. Nupr1 expression pattern was analyzed in human tissue microarray (TMA) and correlated with survival time of the patient. Microarray analysis was conducted on MiaPaCa2 cells subjected to metabolic ...
Lagha Rihab - - 2012
Abstract Salmonella is an international foodborne pathogen widely disseminated in seawater that regularly causes large outbreaks of food poisoning. In this study, we have investigated the effect of starvation on the ability of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium cells to adhere to polystyrene microplate and Hep2 cells in seawater microcosms after ...
Jeon Kilsoo - - 2012
Bax inhibitor-1 (BI-1), a member of the BI-1 family of integral membrane proteins, was originally identified as an inhibitor of stress-induced cell death in mammalian cells. Previous studies have shown that the withdrawal of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) results in differentiation of the majority of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells ...
Kikuchi Akira - - 2012
Totipotency is the ability of a cell to regenerate the entire organism, even after previous differentiation as a specific cell. When totipotency is coupled with active cell division, it was presumed that cell division is essential for this expression. Here, using the stress-induction system of somatic embryos in carrots, we ...
Lu Yunzhang - - 2012
Roll-to-roll lamination is one promising technique to produce large-area organic electronic devices such as solar cells with a large through output. One challenge in this process is the frequent electric point shorting of the cathode and anode by the excess or concentrated applied stress from many possible sources. In this ...
Hofmann Ute - - 2012
This study presents the time-resolved detection of chemically induced stress upon intracellular signaling cascades by using genetically modified sensor cells based on the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. The cells were stably transfected with a HSP72-GFP reporter gene construct to create an optical sensor cell line expressing a stress-inducible reporter ...
Park Yang-Gyu - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is one of the most important components of bovine colostrum. It exhibits antiapoptotic and antioxidative activities. Prion diseases are neurodegenerative disorders caused by cell death through mitochondrial dysfunction and increasing generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study examined the protective effect of IGF-1 on residues ...
Banerjee Hridesh - - 2012
Apoptosis-inducing factor (Aif) is a mitochondrial flavoprotein that regulates cell metabolism and survival in many tissues. We report that aif-hypomorphic harlequin (Hq) mice show thymic hypocellularity and a cell-autonomous thymocyte developmental block associated with apoptosis at the β-selection stage, independent of T cell receptor β recombination. No abnormalities are observed ...
Zhang Tao - - 2012
Long-term exposure to arsenic increases the incidence of human cancers, such as skin, lung, colon and rectal cancer. The mechanism for arsenic-induced tumorigenesis is still not clear. It is generally believed that DNA damage and genomic instability, generated by arsenic-promoted oxidative stress, are the causes of this process. The major ...
Liu Chih-I - - 2012
An oral squamous cell carcinoma Ca9-22 cell line was treated with 11-dehydrosinulariolide, an active compound isolated from the soft coral Sinularia leptoclados, in order to evaluate the effect of this compound on cell growth and protein expression. Cell proliferation was strongly inhibited by 11-dehydrosinulariolide treatment. The 2-DE master maps of ...
Kim In Ki - - 2012
To identify the novel inhibitors of endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced cell death, we performed a high throughput assay with a chemical library containing a total of 3280 bioactive small molecules. Cyclosporine A and bromocriptine were identified as potent inhibitors of thapsigargiin-induced cell death (cut-off at 4σ standard score) . However, U74389G, ...
Pribenszky C - - 2012
A recently emerged concept utilizing a controlled environmental impact as a treatment for cells and tissues aims to improve neither the in vitro conditions nor the procedures, but the cell itself. Hydrostatic pressure stress emerged as the most controllable and most effective stressor, proving the principle that controlled stress improves ...
Gee David J - - 2012
Human leukaemic HL-60 cells are widely used for studying interactions involving adhesion molecules [e.g. P-selectin and PSGL-1 (P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1)] since their rolling behaviour has been shown to mimic the dynamics of leucocyte rolling in vitro. HL-60 cells are neutrophilic promyelocytes that can undergo granulocytic differentiation upon exposure to compounds ...
Jaganjac Morana - - 2012
Pathophysiological processes associated with disturbances in cell and tissue oxidative homeostasis, are associated with self-catalyzed process of lipid peroxidation. The end products of lipid peroxidation are reactive aldehydes such as 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), acting as "second messengers of free radicals." Although reactive aldehydes were first recognized only as cytotoxic, new evidence ...
Chen Hsiang-Chin - - 2012
The TRPM7 (transient receptor potential melastatin 7) channel has been shown to play a pivotal role in cell survival during brain ischaemia as well as in the survival of other cell types challenged with apoptotic stimuli. Ca(2+) is thought to be central to the channel's ability to regulate ROS (reactive ...
Tobe Ryuta - - 2012
Selenium is an essential trace element in mammals, but is toxic at high levels. It is best known for its cancer prevention activity, but cancer cells are more sensitive to selenite toxicity than normal cells. Since selenite treatment leads to oxidative stress, and the Trx (thioredoxin) system is a major ...
Ruiz Mario - - 2012
Lazarillo (Laz) is a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked glycoprotein first characterized in the developing nervous system of the grasshopper Schistocerca americana. It belongs to the Lipocalins, a functionally diverse family of mostly secreted proteins. In this work we test whether the protective capacity known for Laz homologs in flies and vertebrates (NLaz, ...
Nakatsuka Atsuko - - 2012
It is unknown whether adipokines derived from adipose tissues modulate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced in obesity. Here, we show that visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin) binds to cell-surface 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), which is recruited from ER to plasma membrane under ER stress. Vaspin transgenic mice were ...
Domingo-Espín Joan - - 2012
Integrin-binding, Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing peptides are the most widely used agents to deliver drugs, nanoparticles, and imaging agents. Although in nature, several protein-mediated signal transduction events depend on RGD motifs, the potential of RGD-empowered materials in triggering undesired cell-signaling cascades has been neglected. Using an RGD-functionalized protein nanoparticle, we show here ...
Vala M - - 2012
Cell volume and its regulation are key factors for cellular integrity and also serve as indicators of various cell pathologies. SPR sensors represent an efficient tool for real-time and label-free observations of changes in cell volume and shape. Here, we extend this concept by employing the use of long-range surface ...
Lu Dah-Yuu - - 2012
Prenyl-phloroglucinol derivatives from hop plants have been shown to have anticancer activities. This study is the first to investigate the anticancer effects of the new phloroglucinol derivative (2,4-bis(4-fluorophenylacetyl)phloroglucinol; BFP). BFP induced cell death and anti-proliferation in three glioma, U251, U87 and C6 cells, but not in primary human astrocytes. BFP-induced ...
Lamoth Frédéric - - 2012
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a eukaryotic molecular chaperone. Its involvement in the resistance of Candida albicans to azole and echinocandin antifungals is well established. However, little is known about Hsp90's function in the filamentous fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus. We investigated the role of Hsp90 in A. fumigatus by ...
Tang Zhonglan Z Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, TWIns, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2012
A new approach to quantitatively estimate the interaction between cells and material has been proposed by using a microfluidic system, which was made of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) chip bonding on a temperature-responsive cell culture surface consisted of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PIPAAm) grafted tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS) (PIPAAm-TCPS) having five parallel test channels for ...
Qi Yanfei - - 2012
Lipotoxicity in pancreatic β-cells, arising from excess free fatty acid-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response, has been recognized as a key pathogenic factor causing loss of β-cell mass and contributing to type 2 diabetes. However, how the adaptive ER stress response causes cell death remains enigmatic. We report herein a ...
Anestopoulos Ioannis - - 2012
Cardiac hypertrophy is the main response of the heart to various extrinsic and intrinsic stimuli, and it is characterized by specific molecular and phenotypic changes. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies indicate the involvement of reactive oxygen species in the hypertrophic response. In this study, silibinin, a plant flavonolignan ...
Cort Aysegul - - 2012
Bleomycin is commonly used in the treatment of testicular cancer. Bleomycin generates oxygen radicals, induces the oxidative cleavage of DNA strands and induces cancer cell apoptosis. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a potent antioxidant and chief component of the spice turmeric. No study investigating the effects of curcumin on intrinsic and bleomycin-induced ...
Franco Rodrigo R Redox Biology Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA. - - 2012
Glutathione (GSH) depletion is a central signaling event that regulates the activation of cell death pathways. GSH depletion is often taken as a marker of oxidative stress and thus, as a consequence of its antioxidant properties scavenging reactive species of both oxygen and nitrogen (ROS/RNS). There is increasing evidence demonstrating ...
Lang B J - - 2012
Current cancer therapies including cytotoxic chemotherapy, radiation and hyperthermic therapy induce acute proteotoxic stress in tumour cells. A major challenge to cancer therapeutic efficacy is the recurrence of therapy-resistant tumours and how to overcome their emergence. The current study examines the concept that tumour cell exposure to acute proteotoxic stress ...
Natarajan Sathish Kumar - - 2012
Proline metabolism has an underlying role in apoptotic signaling that influences tumorigenesis. Proline is oxidized to glutamate in the mitochondria, with the rate-limiting step catalyzed by proline dehydrogenase (PRODH). PRODH expression is inducible by p53, leading to increased proline oxidation, reactive oxygen species formation, and induction of apoptosis. Paradoxical to ...
Schuett Florian - - 2012
PURPOSE. Aging of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is associated with a decrease of intracellular ATP levels and increased oxidative stress. We investigated the effects of moderate energy deficit on intracellular glutathion levels, oxidative damage of cellular proteins and DNA, and autophagy rates using a retinal pigment epithelium cell culture ...
Siroky Brian J - - 2012
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), an inherited tumor predisposition syndrome associated with mutations in TSC1 or TSC2, affects ∼1 in 6,000 individuals. Eighty percent of TSC patients develop renal angiomyolipomas, and renal involvement is a major contributor to patient morbidity and mortality. Recent work has shown that mammalian target of rapamycin ...
Cho Kyung Sook - - 2012
Purpose. To investigate the mechanism of tamoxifen (TAM) retinotoxicity using human retinal pigment epithelial-derived (ARPE-19) and photoreceptor-derived (661W) cells. Methods. Cultured ARPE-19 and 661W cells were treated with 5 to 10 μM TAM, and the resultant cell death was quantified using lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay. Cellular oxidative stress was ...
Munoz-Pinto Dany J - - 2012
Tissue engineering strategies based on multipotent stem cells (MSCs) hold significant promise for the repair or replacement of damaged smooth muscle tissue. To design scaffolds which specifically induce MSC smooth muscle lineage progression requires a deeper understanding of the relative influence of various microenvironmental signals on myogenesis. For instance, MSC ...
Mishima Kenji - - 2012
Stem cell-based therapy has been proposed as a promising strategy for regenerating tissues lost through incurable diseases. Side population (SP) cells have been identified as putative stem cells in various organs. To examine therapeutic potential of SP cells in hypofunction of exocrine glands, SP cells isolated from mouse exocrine glands, ...
Harbo Maria - - 2012
A gradual shortening of telomeres due to replication can be measured using the standard telomere restriction fragments (TRF) assay and other methods by measuring the mean length of all the telomeres in a cell. In contrast, stress-induced telomere shortening, which is believed to be just as important for causing cellular ...
Baek In-Joon - - 2012
Cadmium is a toxic metal, and the mechanism of cadmium toxicity in living organisms has been well studied. Here, we used Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model system to examine the detailed molecular mechanism of cell growth defects caused by cadmium. Using a plate assay of a yeast deletion mutant collection, ...
Harly Christelle - - 2012
Human peripheral Vγ9Vδ2 T cells are activated by phosphorylated metabolites (phosphoagonists [PAg]) of the mammalian mevalonate or the microbial desoxyxylulose-phosphate pathways accumulated by infected or metabolically distressed cells. The underlying mechanisms are unknown. We show that treatment of nonsusceptible target cells with antibody 20.1 against CD277, a member of the ...
Limonciel Alice - - 2012
Potassium bromate (KBrO(3)) is an oxidising agent that has been widely used in the food and cosmetic industries. It has shown to be both a nephrotoxin and a renal carcinogen in in vivo and in vitro models. Here, we investigated the effects of KBrO(3) in the human and rat proximal ...
Wang Li-Ting - - 2012
Over the past several decades, there has been a considerable and still growing interest in discovering natural products with anticancer potential from traditional Chinese medicine and increasing their anticancer selectivity by chemical modification. In addition, total synthesis of active compounds from natural products can overcome problems related to poor resource ...
Kim Do-Sung - - 2012
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is closely connected to autophagy. When cells are exposed to ER stress, cells exhibit enhanced protein degradation and form autophagosomes. In this study, we demonstrate that the chemical chaperone, 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA), regulates ER stressinduced cell death and autophagy in human gingival fibroblasts. We found that ...
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