Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1396
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Lane ZhaoLi - - 2010
We identified 5 cases of hydrocele and spermatocele resections containing detached small cellular "blue" clusters, raising questions of small cell carcinoma by contributors to our consult service. Patients were 37, 39, 52, 67, and 70 years old. None of the 4 patients with follow-up developed small cell carcinoma. On routine ...
Wieland Ulrike - - 2009
Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) DNA was detected in 88% of Merkel cell carcinomas in contrast to 16% of other skin tumors. MCPyV was also found in anogenital and oral samples (31%) and eyebrow hairs (50%) of HIV-positive men and in forehead swabs (62%) of healthy controls. MCPyV thus appears to ...
Cao Liang-qi - - 2009
AIM: Resistance to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is a major cause of chemotherapy failure in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Rosiglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonist, has a crucial role in growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis in several carcinoma cell lines. In this study, we examine rosiglitazone-induced sensitization of HCC ...
Sayan A Emre - - 2009
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contributes to cancer metastasis. Two ZEB family members, ZEB1 and ZEB2(SIP1), inhibit transcription of the E-cadherin gene and induce EMT in vitro. However, their relevance to human cancer is insufficiently studied. Here, we performed a comparative study of SIP1 and ZEB1 proteins in cancer cell lines ...
Nurmenniemi Sini - - 2009
Carcinoma cell invasion is traditionally studied in three-dimensional organotypic models composed of type I collagen and fibroblasts. However, carcinoma cell behavior is affected by the various cell types and the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the tumor microenvironment. In this study, a novel organotypic model based on human uterine leiomyoma tissue ...
Hamad Laila Omar - - 2010
In this study we proved the efficiency of the fluorimetric detection of a minimum number of malignant cells ex vivo. The goal of this work was to investigate whether the combination of photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) with oral brush biopsy might become a suitable chair-side tool to detect early oral carcinoma. ...
Damaraju Swathi - - 2010
World wide incidence of bladder cancer is rising with nearly 13,760 deaths attributed to bladder cancer in 2007 in the USA. Tumor types of the urothelium include transitional cell carcinomas, squamous cell carcinomas, and adenocarcinomas. This study was undertaken to determine gemcitabine's efficacy against bladder cancer cell lines of different ...
Gandhi Mona - - 2009
We present a case of a 73-year-old female with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, clear cell histologic subtype, who developed pruritic rash after 2 weeks of 25 mg weekly infusions of temsirolimus. Rash was located on bilateral antecubital areas and posterior knees. Skin biopsy showed spongiotic dermatitis with eosinophils. Based on ...
Terao Shuji - - 2009
The transduction efficacy of adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) vector in human renal carcinoma cells is generally extremely low due to the non-expression of Coxsackie and adenoviral receptor (CAR). We investigated whether fiber-modified Ad vector containing an RGD motif in the HI loop of the Ad fiber knob could increase the ...
Mulder D C - - 2010
Small cell carcinomas of the salivary gland are rare. We present a case of spontaneous regression of an advanced merkel-cell-like small cell carcinoma of the parotid gland.
Erickson Kimberly D - - 2009
The Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) was identified recently in human Merkel cell carcinomas, an aggressive neuroendocrine skin cancer. Here, we identify a putative host cell receptor for MCPyV. We found that recombinant MCPyV VP1 pentameric capsomeres both hemagglutinated sheep red blood cells and interacted with ganglioside GT1b in a sucrose ...
- - 2009
To expedite improved understanding, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), a rare malignancy of cutaneous neuroendocrine cells that has a 28% 2-year mortality rate. This article summarizes a workshop that discussed the state-of-the-art research and priorities for research on MCC and on a new human polyomavirus (ie, ...
Liu Fan - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To develop an optimized formula for more stable and effective coupling of albumin microbubbles (MBs) to monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) using a biotin-avidin system. METHODOLOGY: Biotin modified albumin MBs were first linked with avidin (Av) followed by treatment with biotinylated mAbs. Each step was monitored using flow cytometry, and the ...
Ding Weifeng - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the function of a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) gene among the metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) disease. METHODS: Cell adhesion, cell migration and invasion behavior were detected after knockdown of APRIL expression in the colon carcinoma cell line, SW480 by RNAi and the ...
Maricich Stephen M - - 2009
The peripheral nervous system detects different somatosensory stimuli, including pain, temperature, and touch. Merkel cell-neurite complexes are touch receptors composed of sensory afferents and Merkel cells. The role that Merkel cells play in light-touch responses has been the center of controversy for over 100 years. We used Cre-loxP technology to ...
Tanas Munir R - - 2009
Cytologically atypical stromal cells were found in the perinephric adipose tissue, mimicking well-differentiated liposarcoma in 12 of 59 (20%) consecutive nephrectomy specimens that were resected for renal cell carcinoma. Morphologically, the atypical cells included enlarged, hyperchromatic spindle cells and floret-type multinucleate cells. Of 59, 10 (17%) renal cell carcinomas invaded ...
Abdulla-Al-Mamun Md - - 2009
Gold colloidal nanoparticles were prepared by the liquid laser ablation of a gold metal plate in water and also by the citrate reduction of HAuCl(4).4H2O. The gold colloidal nanoparticles with the plasmonic band strongly absorb light, which is converted to the photothermal energy. This photothermal energy gives a cytotoxic effect ...
Guan Hong-geng - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The antitumor role of Ras association domain family 1A (RASSF1A) gene and its potential molecular mechanisms are not well understood. The objective of this study was to observe the antitumor ability of RASSF1A in hepatocellular carcinoma, and study the mechanisms of cell apoptosis induced by RASSF1A. METHODS: After stably ...
Grottkau Brian E - - 2009
To investigate the effect of DAPT (gamma-secretase inhibitor) on the growth of human tongue carcinoma cells and to determine the molecular mechanism to enable the potential application of DAPT to the treatment of tongue carcinoma. Human tongue carcinoma Tca8113 cells were cultured with DAPT. Cell growth was determined using Indigotic ...
Han Fei - - 2010
The gelatinases B (MMP9) and A (MMP2) are two members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) family that are expressed in human cancer, and play a critical role in tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Caveolin-1 (Cav1) has recently been identified as a tumor metastasis modifier gene. However, the effect and mechanism ...
Chetty Runjan - - 2011
A 92-year-old male presented for routine endoscopic surveillance of his gastrointestinal (GI) tract. He did not have any GI symptoms currently, and the patient had undergone a right nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma 17 years previously. A lower GI endoscopy revealed polyps in the ascending colon, hepatic flexure, and sigmoid ...
Kaufmann Roland - - 2009
Thrombin has been recently demonstrated to promote hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell migration by activation of the proteinase-activated receptor (PAR) subtypes PAR1 and PAR4 suggesting a role of these proteinase-receptor systems in HCC progression. In this study, we investigated the effect of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenolic compound of green tea ...
Vikram Raghunandan - - 2009
Papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC) is the second most common type of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). pRCC has unique imaging and clinical features that may allow differentiation from clear cell RCC (cRCC). There have been significant advances in our knowledge of the natural history and treatment of pRCC, with data ...
Soares Maria J - - 2009
Renal cell carcinomas comprise a heterogeneous group of tumors. Of these, 80% are clear cell renal cell carcinomas, which are characterized by loss of 3p, often with concomitant gain of 5q22qter. Although VHL is considered the main target gene of the 3p deletions, none has been identified as the relevant ...
Brüning Ansgar - - 2009
Normal placenta development relies on the ability of trophoblast cells to invade into the uterus and to build up an extensively vascularized feto-maternal tissue, necessary for the nutrition of the embryo. The ability of cell migration, invasion, and the ability to induce neovascularization are likewise hallmarks of cancer cells. The ...
Aggelis Vassilis - - 2009
The von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumour suppressor gene plays a central role in development of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Using a cell line pair generated from the VHL-defective RCC cell line UMRC2 by transfection with vector control or VHL (-/+VHL) and stable isotope labelling with amino acids in cell ...
Vanchinathan Vijay - - 2009
We report an unusual primary cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma that shows histologic and immunohistochemical features of ganglioneuroblastoma/differentiating neuroblastoma. The neoplasm is composed predominantly of small atypical neoplastic cells embedded in distinct clusters of immature and mature ganglion cells with associated neuropil. The neoplastic cells show strong perinuclear staining for cytokeratin 20 ...
Shimada Keiji - - 2009
We present very rare variants of urothelial carcinoma featuring nested, plasmacytoid, and lipoid cell morphology in an 80-year-old female who was admitted to our hospital with mictritional pain and bilateral hydronephrosis. Abdominal computed tomography showed diffuse thickening of the urinary bladder, indicating probable invasion into the surrounding adipose tissue. Cytological ...
Yan Wei - - 2009
Hypoxia activates genetic programs that facilitate cell survival; however, in cancer, it may promote invasion and metastasis. Although the exact mechanisms driving hypoxia-induced invasion and metastasis remain elusive, we hypothesized that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) may play a major role. We investigated this in vitro by treating hepatocellular carcinoma cells under ...
Kuroda Naoto - - 2009
Ureteral small cell carcinoma is very rare; only eight cases have been reported in the literature. In this article, we report the ninth case of ureteral small cell carcinoma. A 79-year-old Japanese man presented with asymptomatic macrohematuria, and left nephroureterectomy was performed. The nonpapillary and broad-based tumor, which measured 3.7 ...
Duncavage Eric J - - 2009
It has recently been shown that Merkel cell carcinoma, a rare and often lethal cutaneous malignancy, frequently harbors a novel clonally integrated polyomavirus aptly named Merkel cell polyomavirus. We aimed to study the prevalence of Merkel cell polyomavirus in cases of Merkel cell carcinoma, using specimens from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue ...
Porta Camillo - - 2009
The treatment options for metastatic renal cell carcinoma have expanded rapidly over the past 3 years, with four new agents available and others in late-stage development. This has resulted in a change of the standard of first-line care, with sunitinib or bevacizumab plus interferon the treatments of choice for patients ...
Wang Giueng-Chueng - - 2009
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that the expression of cortactin and survivin in renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) correlates with more advanced stages of the disease. METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis of cortactin and survivin expression (scored on a scale of 0-400) was performed in 124 renal cell carcinomas including clear cell renal ...
Jensen Hanne Krogh - - 2009
PURPOSE: The administration of interleukin-2 (IL-2) may increase the frequency of peripherally circulating FOXP3-positive regulatory immune cells, thus potentially compromising this treatment option for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. The impact of IL-2-based therapy on the accumulation of FOXP3-positive immune cells in the tumor microenvironment in metastatic renal cell ...
Vogl Ursula Maria - - 2009
Enzastaurin (LY317615.HCl) is an oral selective PKC-beta inhibitor with antiproliferative efficacy in various tumor models. This study was designed to investigate whether combination therapy with Enzastaurin and other targeted agents including Sorafenib and Sunitinib enhanced anti-tumor efficacy in renal cell carcinoma cell lines. Enzastaurin alone presented not active in renal ...
Shi Xing - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Regulatory T cells play an active role in the maintenance of the immune system's tolerance of both foreign and self antigens. Particularly, CD(4) (+) CD(25) (+) regulatory T cells participate in tumor immunity. The study provided further evidence on the involvement of CD(4) (+ )CD(25) (+) regulatory T cells ...
Choi Un-Jong - - 2009
Although the KAI1/CD82 protein has been reported to inhibit cell metastasis in many studies, its mechanism of action has not yet been fully elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the possible effects of KAI1/CD82 on the metastatic phenotype in H1299 lung carcinoma cells. These studies were based on the ...
Stec RafaƂ - - 2009
Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (ChRCC) is a subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). ChRCC is diagnosed mainly in 6th decade of life. An incidence of ChRCC is similar in both men and woman. Eighty six percent of ChRCCs cases are diagnosed in stage 1 or 2. Prognosis of ChRCC is ...
Wetzels Charlotte T A H - - 2009
A new virus called the Merkel Cell Polyomavirus (MCPyV) has recently been found in Merkel Cell Carcinoma (MCC). MCC is a rare aggressive small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma primarily derived from the skin, morphologically indistinguishable from small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). So far the actual presence of the virus in MCC ...
Matsuo Noriyuki - - 2009
Twist, a transcription factor of the basic helix-loop-helix class, is reported to regulate cancer metastasis. It is known to induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In this study, we evaluated the expression of twist and its effect on cell migration in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We examined twist expression using immunohistochemistry in 20 ...
Miyawaki Michiyo - - 2008
This study aimed to determine whether epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which has been reported to be frequently overexpressed in esophageal carcinoma cells, is actually activated in the cells. Paraffin-embedded specimens of 39 cases of esophageal carcinoma were analyzed immunohistochemically with anti-EGFR polyclonal antibody (alpha-EGFR Ab) and also an anti-phospho-EGFR-specific ...
Gobbo Stefano - - 2008
Although histologic features enable an accurate diagnosis in most renal carcinomas, overlapping morphologic findings between some renal neoplasms make subclassification difficult. Some renal carcinomas show papillary architecture but are composed extensively of cells with clear cytoplasm, and it is unclear whether they should be classified as clear cell renal cell ...
Kamiya Mahiru - - 2008
Extrapulmonary small cell carcinomas are often associated with carcinomas of other cell types. Although a hypothesis that extrapulmonary small cell carcinomas arise from a multipotential stem cell could explain this mixed feature, recent molecular evidence supports another possibility that the small cell component may arise as a late-stage phenomenon in ...
Requena Luis - - 2008
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare cutaneous neoplasm of unknown histogenesis. Several reports have described the association of Merkel cell carcinoma of the skin with other cutaneous neoplasms within the same lesion, and there are also reports describing three examples of Merkel cell carcinoma within follicular cysts. We describe two ...
Suzuki Shugo - - 2009
To identify genes important in hepatocellular carcinogenesis, especially processes involved in malignant transformation, we focused on differences in gene expression between adenomas and carcinomas by DNA microarray. Eighty-one genes for which expression was specific in carcinomas were analyzed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software and Gene Ontology, and found to be ...
Kuroda Naoto - - 2008
In this article, we report a rare case of hitherto undescribed acquired cystic disease (ACD)-associated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with sarcomatoid change. A 78-year-old woman had been receiving hemodialysis for fourteen years at the time when a renal tumor was encountered on the follow-up examination of the kidney. Microscopically, oncocytic ...
Fritzsche Florian R - - 2008
PURPOSE: Claudin-1 is a tight junction protein described in normal tissues as well as in malignancies. We aimed to assess the diagnostic or prognostic significance of claudin-1 expression in renal cell carcinoma and to correlate the expression of claudin-1 with clinical, histopathologic, and prognostic parameters in renal cell carcinoma. EXPERIMENTAL ...
Leung Jocelyn C - - 2008
The NMDA receptor (NMDAR) is expressed in the renal proximal tubule. NMDAR agonists and antagonists induce cell toxicity in the central nervous system (CNS). We studied the effect of NMDAR agonists and antagonists on renal cell survival in renal culture cells: proximal tubule-like opossum kidney (OK) and distal-tubule-like madine darby ...
Li Lei - - 2008
Obesity is considered one of the risk factors for many cancers. Serum leptin levels are often elevated in obese people. Leptin has been reported to act as a mitogenic agent and promote renal cancer cell proliferation, whereas the detailed mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. The purpose of this study ...
Bommi-Reddy Archana - - 2008
Clear cell renal carcinomas are the most common form of kidney cancer and frequently are linked to biallelic inactivation of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene. The VHL gene product, pVHL, has multiple functions including directing the polyubiquitylation of the HIF transcription factor. We screened 100 shRNA vectors, directed ...
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