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Results 351 - 400 of 1402
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Sari Aysegul - - 2010
Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is the second most common carcinoma of the kidney, which is classified into two types. Type 1 displays single layer of cells with scanty pale cytoplasm and type 2 has pseudostratified high-grade nuclei with eosinophilic cytoplasm. Recently, apart from these two types, oncocytic PRCC and ...
Rotellini Matteo - - 2010
Clear cell transitional carcinoma of the bladder is a subtype of transitional carcinoma that morphologically resembles a clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Although kidney tumors do not frequently metastasize to the bladder, the recurrence after a clear cell renal cell carcinoma has been reported even several years after nephrectomy. We ...
Fenton Jenifer I JI Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, East Lansing, Michigan, - - 2010
Obesity results in increased circulating levels of specific adipokines, which are associated with colon cancer risk. The disease state is associated with increased leptin, insulin, IGF-1, and IL-6. Conversely, adiponectin levels are decreased in obese individuals. Previously, we demonstrated adipokine-enhanced cell proliferation in preneoplastic, but not normal, colon epithelial cells, ...
Wang Xize - - 2010
We have previously reported that by inducing calcium sensing receptor (CaSR), calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D, promoted the sensitivity of the human colon carcinoma cells to anticancer drugs. In the current study we tested several other potential CaSR modulators, calcipotriol and the effective components of Chinese herbal medicine ...
Shen De-Qing - - 2010
A series of novel indolizinophthalazine-5,12-dione derivatives were designed and synthesized by the reaction of 6,7-dichlorophthalazine-5,8-dione with active methylene reagents (AMR) and pyridine derivatives. Some of synthesized compounds exhibited significant in vitro antiproliferative activity at micromolar level toward four human tumor cell lines, including lung adenocarcinoma cell, large-cell lung carcinoma cell, ...
Ohtsuki Yuji - - 2010
Characterization of the signet-ring cell carcinoma (sig) component of a urothelial carcinoma (UC) in the urinary bladder of a 64-year-old man, obtained by transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TUR-BT), is reported. In the present case, a characteristic sig component was detected in approximately 20% of UC, G2 tissues. The sig ...
Yamamura Soichiro - - 2010
The secreted Frizzled-related proteins (sFRP) are modulators of the Wnt signaling pathway, which is involved in embryonic development and tumor progression. The functions of sFRP2 have not been studied in renal cancer. Transient transfection of sFRP2 promoted cell growth in renal carcinoma cells, whereby the largest effect was observed in ...
Glazer Evan S ES Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
Hepatocellular and pancreatic carcinomas are often auxotrophic for L-arginine, a semi-essential amino acid. The purpose of this study was to investigate cancer cell death using a significantly more active, cobalt-substituted bioengineered arginase. Panc-1, a human pancreatic carcinoma cell line, and Hep 3B, a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, were exposed ...
Horiguchi A - - 2010
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) regulates the expression of genes that mediate cell survival, proliferation, and angiogenesis and is aberrantly activated in various types of malignancies, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We examined whether it could be a novel therapeutic target for RCC by using the STAT3 ...
Zhao Li-jun - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Type I gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH-I) agonists have been applied for the treatment of steroid-dependent tumors such as breast carcinoma, ovarian cancer and prostatic carcinoma. But the mechanism has not been clarified yet. There are few reports about the treatment of endometrial carcinoma using GnRH-I agonists. Type II GnRH (GnRH-II) ...
Houben Roland - - 2010
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is the most aggressive skin cancer. Recently, it was demonstrated that human Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV) is clonally integrated in approximately 80% of MCC tumors. However, direct evidence for whether oncogenic viral proteins are needed for the maintenance of MCC cells is still missing. To address ...
Wong Thian-Sze - - 2011
This study aimed at evaluating the potential anti-proliferative effects of the microRNA let-7 family in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells. In addition, the association between let-7 suppression and DNA hypermethylation is examined. Levels of mature let-7 family members (-a, -b, -d, -e, -g, and -i) in normal nasopharyngeal cells (NP69 and ...
Lekili Murat - - 2010
Targeted therapy in the management of metastatic renal cell cancer has been recently introduced to urology practice. The drugs used for management are used in a very limited number of patients and only for clear cell histology. We present a case where we administered sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor of tumor-cell ...
Hsu Yung-Ho - - 2010
Podocalyxin was initially identified in glomerular podocytes to critically maintain the structural and functional integrity of the glomerular ultrafiltrative apparatus. Lately, it has emerged as a malignant marker in tumors arising from a variety of tissue origins. By immunohistochemistry, we identified that 9.6% of renal cell carcinoma patients overexpress this ...
Larrinaga Gorka - - 2010
Prolyl endopeptidase (EC 3.4.21.26) (PEP) is a serine peptidase that converts several biologically active peptides. This enzyme has been linked to several neurological, digestive, cardiovascular and infectous disorders. However, little is known about its involvement in neoplastic processes. This study analyzes fluorimetrically cytosolic and membrane-bound PEP activity in a large ...
Foulongne Vincent - - 2010
To assess the usefulness of using cutaneous swabs to detect Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) DNA, we analyzed swabs from persons with Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), others with skin diseases, and healthy volunteers. MCPyV was detected in at least 1 sample from virtually all participants. Viral loads were higher in samples ...
Halat Shams - - 2010
Multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma is an uncommon low grade renal cell carcinoma with unique morphologic features. Its cytogenetic characteristics have not been fully investigated. Its relationship to typical clear cell renal cell carcinoma is uncertain. We evaluated 19 cases of multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma diagnosed by strict morphologic ...
Okamura Jun - - 2010
Carcinosarcoma of the pancreas is extremely rare and its histogenesis is still unclear. This is a report on a 64-year-old female patient with an intraductal carcinosarcoma arising from intraductal papillary-mucinous carcinoma (IPMC) in the pancreas tail. The carcinosarcoma grew as a polypoid mass within the main pancreatic duct. Histologically, the ...
Zhang Ning - - 2010
A small stem-like subpopulation was isolated from human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) MHCC97 cells, characterized by their high efflux ability of the Hoechst 33342 dye. These side population (SP) cells were able to generate a heterogeneous mixture of SP and main population (MP) cells, while the MP cells rarely generated SP ...
Fu Wei-Jin - - 2010
PURPOSE: Krüppel-like factor 8 (KLF8) plays an important role in oncogenic transformation and is highly overexpressed in several types of human cancer. We investigated the expression of KLF8 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tissues and the role of small interference RNA targeting KLF8 on growth, cell cycle, and apoptosis of ...
Wu Qi-fei QF Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, - - 2010
To investigate the effects of small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) on the proliferation and invasion capacities of human hepatocellular carcinoma MHCC-97H cells in vitro. The expression levels of FoxM1 in human hepatocellular carcinoma samples, adjacent non-hepatocellular carcinoma liver samples and MHCC-97 cell lines were detected ...
Cakir Ebru - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the most significant cytologic features to differentiate small cell carcinoma (SCC) from poorly differentiated non-small cell carcinoma (NSCC) in bronchial lavage specimens. Bronchial lavage specimens from 35 SCC cases and 63 poorly differentiated NSCC cases were examined and the cytologic parameters reviewed ...
Chow Tsz-Fung F - - 2010
PURPOSE: miRNAs are small, nonprotein coding RNAs that are differentially expressed in many malignancies. We previously identified 80 miRNAs that are dysregulated in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. In this study we validated over expression of the miR-17-92 cluster in clear cell renal cell carcinoma and tested the effect of ...
Nagashio Ryo - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to clarify protein profiling in small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). The proteomic approach was used, and involved cell lysate from two cell lines (N231 derived from SCLC and LCN1 derived from LCNEC), with 2-D gel electrophoresis ...
Huang Ri-Ming - - 2010
A new 1,4-diazepine, callysponine (1), was isolated from a South China Sea Callyspongia sp. marine sponge, together with four known proline-based diketopiperazines: cyclo-(S-Pro-R-Leu) (2), cyclo-(S-Pro-R-Val) (3), cyclo-(S-Pro-R-Ala) (4), andcyclo-(S-Pro-R-Tyr) (5). The new structure was determined on the basis of NMR and MS analysis, and the absolute stereochemistry was defined by ...
Umebayashi Masayo - - 2010
Cationic hybrid liposomes (HL) can be prepared by simply ultrasonicating a mixture of L-alpha-dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC), polyoxyethylene (21)dodecyl ether (C(12)(EO)(21)) and O,O'-ditetradecanoyl-N-(alpha-trimethylammonioacetyl) diethanolamine chloride (2C(14)ECl) in a buffer solution. The inhibitory effects of cationic HL containing 2C(14)ECl on the growth of OS-RC-2 human renal carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo ...
Xun Chunhua - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate hepaCAM (hepatocyte cell adhesion molecule) gene expression in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to explore its effect on proliferation of 786-0 cells. hepaCAM is a tumor suppressor gene, which has been identified as a member of immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule. METHODS: Two-step reverse transcription-polymerase ...
Ostler Daniel A - - 2010
Adipophilin is a monoclonal antibody against a protein on the surface of intracellular lipid droplets, and it was recently shown to be expressed in sebocytes and sebaceous lesions. This study examines adipophilin expression in various sebaceous lesions and other cutaneous tumors with a clear cell histology that may mimic sebaceous ...
Hay Michael P - - 2010
Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) are refractory to standard therapy with advanced RCC having a poor prognosis; consequently treatment of advanced RCC represents an unmet clinical need. The von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene is mutated or inactivated in a majority of RCCs. We recently identified a 4-pyridyl-2-anilinothiazole (PAT) with selective ...
Ohsaki H - - 2010
To compare the cytomorphological and immunocytochemical features of reactive renal tubular cells and low-grade urothelial carcinoma cells (LG-UCs). We examined 15 cytological parameters in 38 cases with reactive renal tubular cells in renal disease and 20 cases of LG-UCs from bladder cancer that had been diagnosed by histological examination. Voided ...
Chang Yu-Jia YJ Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2010
GRP78 plays an essential role in embryonic development and in the therapeutic treatment and progression of cancer. However, little is known about the role of GRP78 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we characterized five different HCC cell lines to examine GRP78 expression patterns and found that only HepJ5 ...
Nakamura Tomoyuki - - 2010
To clarify whether mutations in the large T gene encoded by Merkel cell polyomavirus affect the expression and function of large T antigen in Merkel cell carcinoma cases, we investigated the expression of large T antigen in vitro and in vivo. Immunohistochemistry using a rabbit polyclonal antibody revealed that large ...
Zheng Jingfang J Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, - - 2010
Papillary differentiation is one of the most common histological features of ovarian cancer, although the underlying mechanism that leads to such differentiation is not known. We hypothesized that human ovarian surface epithelial cells can be transformed into carcinoma with papillary differentiation by overexpressing HER2/neu in these cells. Mice were injected ...
Mangana Joanna - - 2010
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a malignant neuroendocrine neoplasm which shares structural and immunohistochemical features with neuroectodermally derived cells. One hypothesis claims that it arises from Merkel cells, highly innervated neuroendocrine cells involved in mechanoreception in the skin. The incidence rate of this cancer increases with age and sun exposure ...
Xie Bing - - 2010
Two bacterial stains were isolated from the activated sludge and identified as Leucobacter sp. and Alcaligenesfaecalis by 16S rDNA sequencing. Pure cultures of these two strains, representing well or poorly settled bacteria, were used to investigate the mechanism of bioflocculation in activated sludge. Based on the analyses of the characteristics ...
Matsudaira Hiroshi - - 2010
It was confirmed that CD147 (Emmprin) was expressed on the cell surface of carcinoma cells. For the purpose of studying the efficacy of a CD147-targeting agent on CD147-expressing carcinoma cells, we investigated the effect of a conjugate of glutathione-doxorubicin (GSH-DXR) encapsulated in an anti-CD147 antibody-labeled liposome (aCD147ab-liposome) in terms of ...
Johnson Erica L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ovarian carcinoma (OvCa) is the most lethal gynecological malignancy among women and its poor prognosis is mainly due to metastasis. Chemokine receptor CCR9 is primarily expressed by a small subset of immune cells and its only natural ligand, CCL25, is largely expressed in the thymus, which involutes with age. ...
Laude Hélène C - - 2010
Merkel Cell Polyomavirus (MCPyV) is associated with Merkel Cell carcinoma (MCC), a rare, aggressive skin cancer with neuroendocrine features. The causal role of MCPyV is highly suggested by monoclonal integration of its genome and expression of the viral large T (LT) antigen in MCC cells. We investigated and characterized MCPyV ...
Hu Ji-an - - 2010
In this study, we detected the expression of phosphylated ERK1/2 in human salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) by immunohistochemical method, the effect of various concentrations of PD98059 on the growth of ACC-M cells (a cell line of human adenoid cystic carcinoma of the salivary glands) by MTT assay, and the ...
Niu Weibo - - 2010
Integrin alphavbeta6 is up-regulated in a variety of human carcinomas and plays a crucial role in tumor invasion and metastasis. However, the function of alphavbeta6 in pancreatic carcinoma and its potential role in gemcitabine resistance remain unknown. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting alphavbeta6 was constructed and transfected into PANC-1 cells. ...
Peuhu Emilia - - 2010
cis-urocanic acid (cis-UCA) is an endogenous amino acid metabolite capable of transporting protons from the mildly acidic extracellular medium into the cell cytosol. The resulting intracellular acidification suppresses many cellular activities. The current study was aimed at characterizing the molecular mechanisms underlying cis-UCA-mediated cytotoxicity in cultured cancer cells. 5367 bladder ...
Elmetwali Taha T Cancer Research UK Institute for Cancer Studies, School of Cancer Sciences, University of Birmingham, - - 2010
CD40 and its ligand (CD40L) play a critical role in co-ordinating immune responses. CD40 is also expressed in lymphoid malignancies and a number of carcinomas. In carcinoma cells the physiological outcome of CD40 ligation depends on the level of receptor engagement with low levels promoting cell survival and high levels ...
Weaver Benjamin P BP Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of - - 2010
The zinc transporter ZIP4 (Slc39a4) is important for proper mammalian development and is an essential gene in mice. Recent studies suggest that this gene may also play a role in pancreatic cancer. Herein, we present evidence that this essential zinc transporter is expressed in hepatocellular carcinomas. Zip4 mRNA and protein ...
Luo Pengcheng - - 2010
The activity of the proliferation related enzyme thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) was reported to be 3-fold higher in extracts from normal kidney tissue as compare to renal carcinoma extracts [3]. To verify these unexpected results, determinations of the protein levels of TK1 in normal kidney and in samples from different ...
Wang Linhui - - 2009
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) shows organ-specific metastasis. This may be attributed to the fact that the CXCR4 G protein coupled receptor on RCC cells mediates chemo-attraction toward stromal-derived factor (SDF)-1 secreted by target organs. SDF-1 binding to CXCR4 initiates many internal signaling cascades as well as internalization of the receptor ...
Yuan Aihua - - 2009
Chrysanthemum indicum Linn? (Asteraceae) is a common Chinese herbal medicine that has been traditionally used for the treatment of inflammation, hypertension and neoplastic diseases in China. However, the mechanism that account for the inhibitory activity of Chrysanthemum indicum Linn? against cancer cells is poorly understood. We investigated the effect of ...
Wright Jonathan L JL Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2009
Collecting duct renal cell carcinoma is a rare entity. Recent surgical series of the condition showed conflicting results. We used an American population based data set to compare the survival experience of patients with collecting duct vs clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Cases of collecting duct and clear cell renal ...
Katano Harutaka - - 2009
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare malignancy that sometimes occurs in the skin of elderly people. Recently, a new human polyomavirus, Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) was identified in Merkel cell carcinoma. In the present study, MCPyV-DNA was detected in 6 of 11 (55%) cases of Merkel cell carcinoma by nested ...
Geramizadeh Bita - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Slow transit constipation is one of the common causes of chronic constipation, in which the intestinal diameter is normal, but its transit time is markedly increased. The underlying cause in this disease is not definitely understood. METHODOLOGY: In this study was investigated the difference in the quantity of pace ...
Hillion Joelle J Hematology Division, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2009
Although lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, the precise molecular mechanisms that give rise to lung cancer are incompletely understood. Here, we show that HMGA1 is an important oncogene that drives transformation in undifferentiated, large-cell carcinoma. First, we show that the HMGA1 gene is overexpressed in ...
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