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Results 601 - 650 of 1399
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Ferraz A - - 2005
The crude methanolic extracts of six species of Hypericum growing in southern Brazil (Hypericum caprifoliatum Cham. & Schlecht., H. carinatum Griseb., H. connatum Lam., H. myrianthum Cham. & Schlecht., H. polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt and H. ternum A. St. Hil.) were screened for their antiproliferative activity against two cell lines ...
Youker Summer R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although there are reports of squamous cell carcinoma arising within and adjacent to Merkel cell carcinoma, and one report of an atypical fibroxanthoma-like tumor arising in an irradiated recurrent Merkel cell carcinoma, there have previously been no reports of an immunohistochemically verified atypical fibroxanthoma occurring in conjunction with a ...
Oleksiewicz Martin B - - 2005
Some developmental dual-acting PPARalpha/gamma agonists, such as ragaglitazar, have shown carcinogenic effects in the rodent urinary bladder urothelium after months-years of dosing. We examined early (precancerous) changes in the bladder urothelium of rats orally dosed with ragaglitazar, using a newly developed flow cytometric method. Following 3 weeks of oral ragaglitazar ...
Mai Kien T - - 2004
Hürthle cell papillary thyroid carcinoma is a variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Its pathologic and clinical significance has not been well documented. The authors studied the relative incidence of Hürthle cell PTC and the relationship of Hürthle cell PTC to other variants of thyroid carcinoma. Three hundred eighty consecutive ...
Martignoni Guido - - 2004
CD10 has been considered a useful marker in the diagnosis of renal carcinomas, because of its expression in clear cell and papillary renal cell carcinomas and its absence in chromophobe renal cell carcinomas. On the other hand, chromophobe renal cell carcinoma expresses parvalbumin, which is absent in clear cell and ...
Shen Rulong - - 2004
Renal cell carcinoma with syncytial giant cells (SGCs) is rare; to our knowledge, there are only 3 cases reported in the English literature. We report on a case that, unlike previous reports, was associated with higher grade renal cell carcinoma and an aggressive behavior. A 63-year-old man with gross hematuria ...
Ohi Satoshi - - 2004
We successfully established a novel cell line (OS-1) derived from human ovarian small cell carcinoma, hypercalcemic type secreted PTH, PTH-rP and ACTH. The OS-1 cell line was established from metastatic focus of uterus. A patient was 25-year-old Japanese woman. The first she received left ovariectomy on April 2002. The histopathological ...
Baldwin L J - - 2004
A 52 year old woman presented with a five month history of emotional changes, voice changes, and of abdominal discomfort. Clinical, biochemical, and radiological examinations showed evidence of virilisation, raised testosterone, and a complex ovarian mass. Microscopy of the resection specimen showed the tumour to be a transitional cell carcinoma ...
Gorelik Elieser - - 2004
The expression and functions of IL-12 receptor (IL-12R) in human ovarian carcinoma cell lines have been investigated. Ovarian carcinoma cells express both the IL-12Rbeta1 and the IL-12Rbeta2 subunits. IL-12R crosslinking resulted in phosphorylation of Tyk2, p44 (ERK1) and Akt kinases and activation of STATs 2, 3, 4 and 5. IL-12 ...
Gotoh Masashi - - 2004
A 61-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of rapid growth of a mass shadow revealed by chest radiography. The mass was diagnosed as pure small cell carcinoma by CT-guided needle biopsy, and the patient underwent chemotherapy. However, as the tumor showed no response, we considered the possibility of ...
Fan Yue-Zu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder carcinoma is a highly lethal and aggressive disease with early metastasis, strong invasion and poor prognosis. Most patients with this disease are at the advanced and un-resectable stage and should be considered for palliative treatment such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Unfortunately, reports of chemotherapy and radiotherapy for gallbladder ...
Moritani Suzuko - - 2004
Signet ring cell carcinoma and glassy cell carcinoma are both rare histological subtypes of uterine cervical cancer. This report is of a case of uterine cervical carcinoma arising in a 29-year-old woman who had major components of signet ring cell carcinoma and glassy cell carcinoma within the same tumor. Histochemical ...
Haeberle Henry H Department of Physiology, University of California-San Francisco, 600 16th Street, San Francisco, CA 94143-2280, - - 2004
Merkel cell-neurite complexes are somatosensory receptors that initiate the perception of gentle touch. The role of epidermal Merkel cells within these complexes is disputed. To ask whether Merkel cells are genetically programmed to be excitable cells that may participate in touch reception, we purified Merkel cells from touch domes and ...
Pelosi Giuseppe - - 2004
Little is known about CD117 prevalence and clinicopathological implications in pulmonary large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. We studied CD117 immunoreactivity in surgical specimens from 39 large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of stages I-III and 27 limited-disease small-cell carcinomas, 56 typical and atypical carcinoids of the lung, and 10 neuroendocrine tumorlets, including the membrane and ...
Salama Mohamed E - - 2004
CONTEXT: Chondroid syringoma (CS) is a benign cutaneous adnexal tumor with epithelial and stromal components. Epithelial components derived from folliculo-sebaceous-apocrine germ are evident in apocrine but not in eccrine CS. OBJECTIVES: To further characterize pilosebaceous differentiation and to identify the presence of Merkel cells in the areas of follicular differentiation. ...
Singh Jarnail - - 2004
Alterations in the basement membrane receptor dystroglycan (DG) are evident in muscular dystrophies and carcinoma cells and characterized by a selective loss or modification of the extracellular alpha-DG subunit. Defects in posttranslational modifications of DG have been identified in some muscular dystrophies, but the underlying modifications in carcinoma cells have ...
Nassar Hind - - 2004
Invasive micropapillary carcinoma, a tumor with highly infiltrative characteristics is defined by a distinctive cleft formation around the neoplastic cell clusters which is presumably a result of the detachment of the cells from the stroma due to as yet undetermined factors. Ultrastructural examination performed on a handful of cases demonstrated ...
Tajiri Takuma - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the differences between intraductal tubular carcinoma (ITC) and intraductal papillary-mucinous carcinoma (IPMC), we performed light microscopic and immunohistochemical analysis of 4 cases of ITC, 6 cases of IPMC, and 9 cases of ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. METHODS AND RESULTS: Light microscopic examination showed no hyperplasia or ...
Mora Jorge I - - 2004
We describe a Paneth cell carcinoma arising within the ampulla of Vater in a 64-year-old man. The phenotype of virtually all neoplastic cells was consistent with that of Paneth cells, based on routine morphology and their strong positive immunostaining for lysozyme. Additional widespread positive immunostaining for carcinoembryonic antigen and CA ...
Irie Kyoko - - 2004
Left radical nephrectomy was performed on a 39-year-old-man because of renal cell carcinoma (grade 1, clear cell and granular cell carcinoma: pT3b pN0 pM0), 6 years after the beginning of hemodialysis. The second surgical intervention for local recurrence was performed 6 years after the first operation (grade 2 > 3, ...
Fujimoto Eriko - - 2004
Connexin (Cx) genes have negative growth effects on tumor cells with certain cell specificity. We have previously reported that Cx32 is specifically downregulated in human renal cell carcinoma cell (RCC) lines as well as cancerous regions of kidneys and that the Cx is expressed in the progenitor cells of the ...
Thomas-Mudge Rachel J - - 2004
Nuclear-targeted high molecular weight 24 kDa fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) may induce specific cell functions through intracrine mechanisms. The role of nuclear FGF-2 on the metastatic potential of carcinoma cells was examined by conditional FGF-2 expression, which demonstrated that spontaneous metastasis in nude mice is a direct consequence of ...
Cho Min-Sun - - 2004
A mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tumor of the liver arising in an adult is rare and is mostly classified as sarcomatoid hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, a case of sarcomatoid HCC in an adult with hepatoblastoma (HB)-like features, which produced difficulty in the differential diagnosis between sarcomatoid HCC and ...
Iyoda Akira - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In 1999, the World Health Organization classified large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma as a variant of large cell carcinoma and this has been categorized as lying between atypical carcinoid and small cell lung carcinoma in terms of clinical aggressiveness. METHODS: We analyzed the proliferative activity of stage 1 large cell ...
Lin Zhen-Hua - - 2004
KIT is expressed not only in tumors derived from hematopoietic stem cells, melanocytes, germ cells, mast cells, and interstitial cells of Cajal, but also in other malignancies such as chromophobe renal cell carcinoma. This pattern of KIT expression prompted us to investigate the expression and mutation of c-kit gene exons ...
Fujii Daisuke - - 2004
In the present study, we examined the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) and the growth-inhibitory effects of Troglitazone and Pioglitazone, selective ligands for PPARgamma, using a series of human esophageal carcinoma cell lines (TE-1, -3, -7, -8, -12 and -13). PPARgamma expression was detected in all six human ...
Ishikawa Tomomoto - - 2004
A 38-year-old man without prior contributory history presented complaining of a tumor in the left upper abdomen without tenderness. Suspecting renal cell carcinoma of the dark cell type, a nephrectomy was performed. Microscopic examination showed a proliferation of spindle cells containing numerous blood vessels. A diffuse infiltrate of lymphocytes and ...
Khoor Andras - - 2004
Forkhead box A2 (Foxa2) is a winged helix nuclear transcription protein that regulates the expression of genes that are critical to lung morphogenesis, differentiation, and function, including thyroid transcription factor-1, surfactant proteins, and Clara cell secretory protein. We examined the immunoreactivity of Foxa2 in paraffin sections of 75 lung tumors: ...
Yamazaki Kazuto - - 2004
Pulmonary carcinosarcomas are typified by the rare histological combination of mixed epithelial and mesenchymal malignant tumor cells. The author has experienced three cases of pulmonary carcinosarcomas with large mass formation. Case 1 was the combination of adenocarcinoma with focal squamous cell differentiation and chondrosarcoma. In case 2, adenocarcinoma was combined ...
Heffner Dennis K - - 2004
According to colleagues specializing in genitourinary pathology, the so-called postoperative spindle cell nodule of the bladder can be extremely difficult to distinguish from a spindle cell sarcomatoid carcinoma. What I have learned in 25 years about spindle cell sarcomatoid carcinoma of the larynx may, by analogy, possibly help with the ...
Chen Xi-Mei - - 2004
AIM: To detect the micrometastasis of gastric carcinoma in peripheral blood circulation using immunomagnetic beads sorting technique and RT-PCR technique, and to discuss its significance and the difference between the two methods. METHODS: Density gradient centrifugation was used to isolate mononuclear cells from peripheral blood, immunomagnetic beads sorting technique and ...
Tandon Vishnu K - - 2004
A series of 1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives were synthesized and tested for antifungal and antitumor activity against a number of fungal disease causative species and Walker 256 carcinoma cell lines. The results show that the compounds 8a,e and 11b possess pronounced antifungal profile where as 7b and f were found to be ...
Bruyneel M M Department of Internal Medicine and Oncology, Hopitaux Iris-Sud, site Etterbeek-Ixelles, rue Jean Paquot, 63, B-1050 Bruxelles, Belgique. - - 2004
Tumours developing after urinary tract or bladder reconstruction with intestinal tissue have well been described. Adenocarcinomas and transitional cell carcinomas are the most frequent histological features. We report here a case of small cell carcinoma developing after augmentation enterocystoplasty. This rare observation is an opportunity to review the literature about ...
Marieb Erica A - - 2004
Emmprin (CD147; basigin) is a plasma membrane glycoprotein, enriched on the surface of many cancer cells, which induces matrix metalloproteinase synthesis via cell-cell interactions. Elevated emmprin production causes increased growth in vivo of human mammary carcinoma cells. In this study, we show that elevation of emmprin expression in less aggressive ...
Kim Haeryoung - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent evidence of hepatic progenitor cells with the bipotential to differentiate into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes gives rise to the suggestion that primary hepatic carcinomas with features intermediate between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CC) may originate from hepatic progenitor cells. METHODS: Fifty-four cases of primary liver carcinomas were selected ...
Beiras-Fernández Andrés - - 2004
Orexins (OXA and OXB) are peptides derived from a common precursor called prepro-orexin. They act through G-protein receptors named orexin 1 receptor (OX(1)R) and orexin 2 receptor (OX(2)R). Orexins were first demonstrated in neurons of the lateral hypothalamus and found to be related to the control of food intake. However, ...
Berzal Cantalejo F - - 2004
Different types of multinucleated giant cells (MGC) have been documented in tumors with osteoclast-like appearance, with trophoblastic differentiation or as tumoral malignant giant cells. A new variety of MGC has been described in renal cell carcinoma. In order to study the frequency, nature and significance of this cellular type, we ...
Hopkins Michael P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Glassy cell carcinoma of the cervix is a rare variant of cervical cancer accounting for a small percentage of cell types. This study was undertaken to review our experience with glassy cell adenocarcinoma. STUDY DESIGN: Review of adenocarcinomas from the period 1970 to 1985 was undertaken. Pathology review and ...
Sieber-Blum Maya - - 2004
Merkel cells originate from the neural crest. They are located in hairy and glabrous skin and have neuroendocrine characteristics. Together with A beta afferents, Merkel cells form a slowly adapting mechanoreceptor, the Merkel nerve ending, which transduces steady skin indentation. Neurotphin-3 (NT-3) plays important roles in neural crest cell development. ...
Watanabe Yoshiteru - - 2003
PURPOSE: Angiotensin (Ang) II was reported to induce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in various cells. Adipocyte-derived leucine aminopeptidase (A-LAP) is a novel member of the M1 family of zinc metallopeptidases. Enzymatic characterization demonstrated that A-LAP hydrolyzes Ang II. This study examined the role of A-LAP in angiogenesis of ...
Morandi Luca - - 2003
Paget's carcinoma (PC) of the breast is characterized by neoplastic cells of "glandular" type located within the epidermis of the nipple-areolar complex, often associated with an underlying ductal carcinoma, either in situ or invasive. At present the origin of PC cells is controversial, although there is a widespread opinion that ...
Szeder Viktor - - 2003
Merkel cells are sensory cells of neural crest origin. Because little is known about the mechanisms that direct their differentiation, we have investigated the potential role of a candidate regulatory factor, neurotrophin-3 (NT-3). At embryonic day 16.5 (E 16.5), neither NT-3 nor its primary receptors, TrkC and p75NTR are expressed ...
Yoshimura Rikio - - 2003
Peroxisome proliferator activator-receptor (PPAR)-gamma ligand induces growth arrest of cancer cells through apoptosis. In this study, we examined the effects of PPAR-gamma inhibitors on cell proliferation in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), bladder tumor (BT), and prostatic carcinoma (PC) cell lines. We investigated the inhibitory effect of PPAR-gamma ligands, troglitazone and ...
Denkert Carsten - - 2003
Cyclooxygenases, particularly COX-2, play an important role in tumor development and progression. We have previously shown that COX-2 expression is an independent prognostic factor in human ovarian carcinoma. In this study, we investigated the effects of the inhibition of COX isoforms by the NSAID NS-398 as well as by COX-isoform-specific ...
Oya Mototsugu - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although pathological findings including tumour grade and tumour-node-metastasis stage provide prognostic information, the outcome for patients with renal cell carcinoma is occasionally unpredictable. Many studies have been undertaken to improve prediction of the prognosis of renal cell carcinoma, along with efforts to clarify the pathogenesis of renal ...
García-Caballero T - - 2003
AIMS: To evaluate the monoclonal antibody MOC-31 in Merkel cell carcinomas and normal Merkel cells. Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare and aggressive tumour that occurs mainly in elderly individuals. The histological diagnosis of Merkel cell carcinoma can be difficult because it looks similar to other small blue cell tumours, ...
Raaphorst Frank M - - 2003
Polycomb group (PcG) genes contribute to the maintenance of cell identity, cell cycle regulation, and oncogenesis. We describe the expression of five PcG genes (BMI-1, RING1, HPC1, HPC2, and EZH2) innormal breast tissues, invasive breast carcinomas, and their precursors. Members of the HPC-HPH/PRC1 PcG complex, including BMI-1, RING1, HPC1, and ...
Murase Takayuki - - 2003
Combined small cell and non-small cell carcinoma is relatively rare in the lung. Examination of the clonal relationship of different components in this type of tumor may give a clue to the rarity. We retrieved 6 such tumors; all 6 had small cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma components, and 3 had ...
Dall'Oglio Marcos - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma that presented involution following therapy with dendritic cells. CASE REPORT: Male, 51-year old patient underwent left radical nephrectomy in September 1999 due to renal cell carcinoma, evolved with recurrence of the neoplasia in January 2002, confirmed by resection of the ...
Steffgen Jürgen - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Little is known about sorbitol metabolism in renal papillary interstitial cells. For characterization we studied regulation of sorbitol synthesis by aldose reductase (AR) and degradation by sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH) in papillary interstitial cells. METHODS: Interstitial cells were isolated from rat renal inner medulla to a pure cell fraction. mRNA ...
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