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Results 451 - 500 of 1396
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Prasad Preethi - - 2009
Choroid plexus carcinomas are rare tumors that typically occur in young children. Prognosis is poor, and very little information is available to optimize treatment protocols. We used a cell culture model to evaluate whether combining chemotherapeutic agents such as methotrexate with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI) such as valproic acid and ...
Bastian Philipp - - 2009
Our previous studies have shown that norepinephrine induces the migratory activity of human PC-3 prostate, SW 480 colon and MDA-MB-468 breast carcinoma cells. In contrast to these results, we show here that human ES-2 ovarian carcinoma cells have a reduced migratory activity after norepinephrine treatment. This inhibitory effect is possibly ...
Linehan W Marston - - 2009
Loss of von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene function occurs in familial and most sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinoma, resulting in the aberrant expression of genes that control cell proliferation, metabolism, invasion and angiogenesis. The molecular mechanisms by which loss of function leads to tumorigenesis are not yet fully defined. ...
Le Tourneau C - - 2008
The proof of principle that a drug targeting mTOR can improve survival has been obtained recently from a large randomised trial using temsirolimus as a first-line therapy in patients with advanced poor prognostic renal cell carcinoma. Consistent data have recently shown the important role of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling pathway in ...
Parada David D - - 2008
Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma was described by Thoenes et al. in 1986, and associations with carcinoma of collecting ducts, conventional renal cell carcinoma and sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma have been described. We report a case of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma which showed neuroendocrine differentiation. This is the first known case ...
Valcamonico Francesca - - 2009
We report the case of a 75-year old woman who received sorafenib (Nexavar), Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation, West Haven, CT) for a CNS relapse of clear cell renal cell carcinoma. After four months of sorafenib treatment, a brain magnetic resonance imaging showed 95%-volumetric regression of cerebral metastasis. To the best of ...
Kawamoto Satomi - - 2008
MDCT has become a valuable tool with high sensitivity for detecting transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract. In this article, we discuss and illustrate the spectrum of the appearances of transitional cell neoplasm of the upper urinary tract on 16- and 64-MDCT with multiplanar reformation and 3D imaging.
Roh Gu Seob - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Ghost cell odontogenic carcinoma is a rare neoplastic variant of calcifying odontogenic cyst, with aggressive growth characteristics. A painful swelling in the jaws with local paraesthesia is the most common symptom. Although it often causes irregular destruction of the adjacent bone, immunohistochemical expression of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and ...
Schraml Peter - - 2009
Renal cysts and clear cell renal cell carcinoma are common clinical manifestations of people with germ-line mutations of the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene, VHL. Recent cell biological evidence suggests that the VHL gene product, pVHL, functions to maintain the primary cilium, a microtubule-based antenna-like structure whose functional integrity is ...
Aboushwareb Tamer - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is an inevitable outcome of chronic renal failure due to the kidney's decreased ability to produce erythropoietin (EPO). We examined the feasibility of isolating and expanding EPO-producing cells for cell-based therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal cells from 7- to 10-day-old mice were culture-expanded. The cells at each subculture ...
Yoshioka Kunihiko - - 2008
Although effects of a metastasis suppressor gene, KiSS-1, have been postulated to be mediated by its receptor, hOT7T175, the mechanism of such effects remains unknown. This study was designed to evaluate the mechanism of how KiSS-1 works and to assess effects of a synthesized truncated KiSS-1 protein on the invasive ...
Ralston Jonathan - - 2008
Merkel cell carcinoma is the cutaneous counterpart of small cell carcinoma, and the most important differential diagnosis is cutaneous metastasis of small cell carcinoma of the lung. There have been a handful of studies reporting on the utility of a variety of immunohistochemical markers that distinguish between the two entities. ...
Lechpammer Mirna - - 2008
This study evaluated the expression patterns of claudins 1, 3, 4, 7, and 8 in human renal cell carcinomas and oncocytomas and correlated expression with patient prognosis. Tissue microarrays were created from paraffin-embedded tissue samples from 141 patients with renal cell carcinomas or oncocytoma (90 clear cell, 22 papillary, 17 ...
Pálmer, Héctor G.
Copyright © by Rockefeller University Press
Ehemann Volker - - 2008
Thymomas and thymic carcinomas are peculiar epithelial tumors of the anterior mediastinum. They may show aggressive clinical behavior and are a paradigm for the interaction between the tumor and the immune system. So far, adequate functional studies enabling a better understanding of this malignancy have not been performed, since human ...
Horiguchi Akio - - 2008
PURPOSE: Fatty acid synthase has been shown to be over expressed in a wide range of cancers and it has emerged as a therapeutic target. We examined whether fatty acid synthase could be a novel therapeutic target for renal cell carcinoma using the pharmacological fatty acid synthase inhibitor C75 (Cayman ...
Gaisa Nadine Therese - - 2008
Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a rare entity known as an aggressive tumor. As it is rarely associated with transitional cell carcinoma in situ but more commonly with invasive transitional cell carcinoma, its origin is not well understood. We report a case of small cell carcinoma with ...
Fujii Takahiko - - 2008
Cancer stem cells reportedly participate in the tumorigenesis of some neoplasms. Scirrhous hepatocellular carcinoma is a variant of hepatocellular carcinoma with abundant fibrous stroma. Herein, we clinicopathologically examined scirrhous (29 cases) and conventional (50 cases) hepatocellular carcinoma with reference to cancer stem cells. Scirrhous hepatocellular carcinoma was classifiable into 3 ...
Haeberle Henry - - 2008
Merkel cells are rare epidermal cells whose function in the skin is still debated. These cells localize to highly touch-sensitive areas of vertebrate epithelia, including palatine ridges, touch domes and finger tips. In most cases, Merkel cells complex with somatosensory afferents to form slowly adapting touch receptors; it is unclear, ...
Li Xiaomao - - 2008
The activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in endometrial carcinoma cells Ishikawa and HEC-1A was investigated. The expression of mTOR was detected by confocal fluorescence microscopy in Ishikawa and HEC-1A cells. The mRNA levels of PTEN and mTOR, the downstream substrate S6K1 and 4E-BP1 protein were assayed ...
Hwang June H K - - 2008
Merkel cell carcinoma is an aggressive neuroendocrine tumor historically thought to arise from neural crest-derived cutaneous neuroendocrine cells. Recent evidence supports an epidermal origin. We present a case of Merkel cell carcinoma arising on the upper arm of a 94-year-old woman that had multiple morphologic patterns: small cells typical of ...
Shi Guo-Ming - - 2008
PURPOSE: To identify the side population (SP) cells from four hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines with stepwise metastatic potentials. METHODS: SP cells were sorted from HCCLM3, MHCC97-H, MHCC97-L and Hep3B by flow cytometry, and then analyzed by differentiation study, clonogenic assay, chemoresistance study and tumorigenicity assay in vivo. The expression ...
Saban Marcia R - - 2008
Recent evidence supports a role for vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF) signaling in bladder inflammation. However, it is not clear what bladder cells are targeted by VEGF. Therefore, we determined the nature of cells responding to VEGF in normal and inflamed bladders by tagging such cells in vivo with a ...
Shia Jinru - - 2008
Although small cell carcinoma of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is well-recognized, nonsmall cell type high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (HGNEC) of this site remains undefined. At the current time, neither the World Health Organization nor American Joint Committee on Cancer includes this condition in the histologic classifications, and consequently it is being ...
Matsuda Kazuya - - 2008
Sarcomatous proliferation of spindle cells was present in the mammary gland and many metastatic sites in a 10-year-old female domestic cat with tubulopapillary carcinoma in the mammary gland. Transition from neoplastic tubular structures to spindle cells in the primary site and fascicular proliferation of the spindle cells with or without ...
Kang Chih-Hsiung - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate COX-2 expression in carcinoma and stromal cells in patients with urothelial carcinoma of upper urinary tracts (UCUUT) and determine whether expression patterns are associated with clinical characteristics and survival. METHODS: We performed immunohistochemistry for COX-2 on paraffin-embedded tumors of UCUUT specimens from 79 patients. We evaluated the ...
Jaeger Ruy G - - 2008
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a frequent malignant salivary gland neoplasm with high levels of recurrence and metastasis. This neoplasm expresses prominent extracellular matrix (ECM). We are studying regulatory mechanisms underlying secretion of ECM molecules in adenoid cystic carcinoma. We have previously demonstrated that laminin modulates the phenotype of a human ...
Shoji Sunao - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Metastin, the final peptide of the KiSS-1 gene, has been proposed to suppress cell motility. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tissue expresses metastin or its receptor, and clarified whether metastin can suppress migration and/or invasion and/or proliferation of RCC cells in vitro. DESIGN, SETTING, AND ...
Misra Suniti - - 2008
Hyaluronan is a major component of the pericellular matrix surrounding tumor cells, including colon carcinomas. Elevated cycooxygenase-2 levels have been implicated in several malignant properties of colon cancer. We now show for the first time a strong link between hyaluronan-CD44 interaction and cyclooxygenase-2 in colon cancer cells. First, we have ...
Ohtsuki Yuji - - 2008
A 73-year-old woman who had undergone resection of urothelial carcinoma (UC) (G3 > G2) of the ureter was also found to have UC (G3) in the urinary bladder, spread throughout the urinary bladder with multiple foci of carcinoma in situ and small papillary cancers. Total cystectomy was therefore performed. On ...
Pajor Gabor - - 2008
There is a steady search for procedure which could replace or at least reduce the frequency of the invasive cystoscopy in the surveillance of heterogeneous superficial transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder. Recently, UroVysion FISH assay has been shown to provide with better sensitivity than the urine cytology except ...
Mikolyzk David K - - 2008
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare cutaneous neuroendocrine neoplasm. Often located on the head and neck, reports of Merkel cell carcinoma in the hand are extremely limited. In this article, we review 2 cases of Merkel cell carcinoma of a digit treated with ray resection and sentinel lymph node dissection ...
Hoffmann Nathan E - - 2008
PURPOSE: The majority of the published data regarding the rates of renal cell carcinoma metastasis to specific locations has examined renal cell carcinoma as a whole. We evaluated site of distant metastasis by renal cell carcinoma histological subtype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 910 patients treated with radical nephrectomy for ...
Lee Ki Won - - 2008
Numerous studies have shown that the levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and/or MMP-9 are associated with the invasive phenotypes of cancer cells. This study investigated the effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a chemopreventive phytochemical derived from honeybee propolis, on the invasive phenotype of SK-Hep1 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells ...
Hanna Sara C - - 2008
After decades of therapeutic nihilism in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma, remarkable therapeutic strides have been made over the last few years. Early forays into molecularly targeted therapy for this difficult-to-treat disease were based around the inhibition of gene products of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) transcription factor (i.e., ...
Gómez Román J Javier - - 2008
Plexins are a family of transmembrane receptors that interact with the repulsive axon guidance molecules (Semaphorins) in neural tissues. In extraneural tissues, plexins are involved in other cellular functions often altered in neoplastic cells, such as adhesion, migration, and apoptosis. Plexin B1 has been implicated in the regulation of Akt, ...
Güçlü Burak - - 2008
The Merkel cell-neurite complex is considered to be one class of mechanoreceptors in the skin. Merkel cells are innervated by slowly adapting type I (SAI) tactile nerve fibers. In this paper, the detailed distribution of Merkel cells is studied by immunohistochemical labeling of the monkey (Macaca fascicularis) digital glabrous skin. ...
Mohammed Ilyas Mohammed Iyoob - - 2008
A 60-year-man presented with painful gynaecomastia and polycythaemia due to a beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)-secreting clear cell renal cell carcinoma. A computed tomographic scan of his chest, abdomen and pelvis showed an enhancing 9x9 cm mass in the right kidney suggestive of a renal cell carcinoma. He underwent right radical ...
Kwak June M - - 2008
Guard cells are located in the leaf epidermis and pairs of guard cells surround and form stomatal pores, which regulate CO(2) influx from the atmosphere into leaves for photosynthetic carbon fixation. Stomatal guard cells also regulate water loss of plants via transpiration to the atmosphere. Signal transduction mechanisms in guard ...
Li Lin - - 2008
Claudins, a family of tight junction-related transmembrane proteins, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various human neoplasms. Expression of claudin-7 was increased in chromophobe renal cell carcinoma in a recent oligonucleotide microarray study. We studied the expression of claudin-7 in benign and neoplastic kidneys by immunohistochemical staining. Distal nephron ...
Tate David J DJ - - 2008
L-arginine is the common substrate for the two isoforms of arginase. Arginase I, highly expressed in the liver and arginase II mainly expressed in the kidney. Arginase I-producing myeloid derived suppressor cells have been shown to inhibit T-cell function by the depletion of L-arginine. On the other hand, arginase II ...
Diaconu Nicolae-Costin - - 2008
Previous reports showed that mast cells can typically be found in the peritumoral stroma of cervix carcinomas as well as in many other cancers. Both histamine and TNF-alpha are potent preformed mast cell mediators and they can act simultaneously after release from mast cells. Thus, the effect of TNF-alpha and ...
Kim Choong - - 2007
A multi-well chip (MWC) is described by which mouse embryonic carcinoma (EC) stem cells form a comparatively more rapid and uniform embryoid body (EB) over the conventional hanging drop (HD) method. The newly developed MWC consists of an array of extruded through-holes, each of which holds a droplet of the ...
Yamaguchi Yuko - - 2007
An occurrence of multiple carcinoma in both kidneys of a 5-year-old female cynomolgus monkey is described in the present paper. Macroscopically, the kidneys were enlarged with multiple solid and grayish-white masses and cysts mainly in the cortex and outer medulla. Light microscopically, carcinomas showed either tubulopapillary or tubulosolid growth patterns. ...
Gaggioli Cedric - - 2007
Imaging of collectively invading cocultures of carcinoma cells and stromal fibroblasts reveals that the leading cell is always a fibroblast and that carcinoma cells move within tracks in the extracellular matrix behind the fibroblast. The generation of these tracks by fibroblasts is sufficient to enable the collective invasion of the ...
Hirasaki Shoji - - 2007
We describe a 45-year-old woman with minute signet ring cell carcinoma occurring in a gastric hyperplastic polyp. A biopsy specimen obtained from the gastric hyperplastic polyp revealed signet ring cell carcinoma. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) was performed to confirm the diagnosis. Histological examination of the EMR specimen revealed focal signet ...
Koon E C - - 2008
Increased expression of the receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met has been shown to correlate with enhanced cell proliferation, motility, and invasion. The objectives of this study were to characterize total and activated c-Met expression in both normal and malignant human ovarian epithelial cells and to determine the effects of inhibiting the ...
Veliceasa Dorina - - 2007
Angiogenic switch in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is attributed to the inactivation of the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor, stabilization of hypoxia inducible factor-1 transcription factor and increased vascular endothelial growth factor. To evaluate the role of an angiogenesis inhibitor, thrombopsondin-1 (TSP1), we compared TSP1 production in human RCC and normal ...
Kolyada Alexey Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEpo) has been shown to reduce tissue injury following ischemia-reperfusion. We examined whether rhEpo protects in vitro renal tubular epithelial cells against radiocontrast media-induced injury. METHODS: LLC-PK1 renal tubular epithelial cells were exposed to non-ionic radiocontrast agent iohexol (low-osmolar) or iodixanol (iso-osmolar), with or without rhEpo ...
Lolkema Martijn P - - 2008
Patients with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease often develop VHL-/- kidney cysts, which possibly progress into clear-cell renal carcinomas (ccRCCs). Recent data link the VHL gene product to formation of the primary cilium, an organelle that extends apically into the renal lumen. Exactly how VHL induces ciliogenesis or function is unknown. ...
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