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Laaninen Matias M 0000-0002-8888-2743 Department of Gastroenterology and Alimentary Tract Surgery, Tampere Pancreas Laboratory, Tampere University Hospital, Teiskontie 35, 33521 Tampere, - - 2014
Objectives. Previously we have shown that a pancreas with over 40% acinar cells is exposed to postoperative pancreatitis and other complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Our aim was to analyze the expression of NF-κB and MCP-1 in the cut edge of human pancreas after PD in both acinar-cell-rich and fibrotic pancreata. ...
Yu Xiao-Fen XF Operating Theatre, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
Surgery is considered to have a leading role in the treatment of gastric carcinoma. Surgical supplies are used to cut, divide, and ligate during surgery, and are not only in close contact with normal tissues, but may also be contaminated by pathological tissues and cells. This study sought to determine ...
da Costa Kelen Jorge Rodrigues - - 2012
In the current study, we characterized the polycaprolactone (PCL), poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), and biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) composites coated with testosterone propionate (T) using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). Osteoblastic cells were seeded with PCL/BCP, PCL/BCP/T, PLGA/PCL/BCP and PLGA/PCL/BCP/T scaffolds, and cell viability, proliferation, ...
Stanley Erin E Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, - - 2012
Leydig cells, the testosterone-producing cells of the adult testis, rarely turn over. However, their elimination with ethane dimethanesulfonate (EDS) is followed by the appearance of new, fully functional adult Leydig cells. The cells that give rise to the new Leydig cells have not been well characterized, and little is known ...
Bettini Simone - - 2012
Crypt cells are one of three types of olfactory sensory neuron, differing from ciliated and microvillar cells in shape, localization and number, and found only in fish. Although crypt cells are morphologically well characterized, their function remains unclear. They were hypothesized to be involved in reproductive behaviours by detecting sex ...
Liang Wenna - - 2012
Icariin, the main active compound of the traditional Chinese medicine, Epimedium, is commonly used for the clinical treatment of osteoporosis. However, the precise molecular mechanism of the therapeutic effect of icariin has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of icariin on cell viability, ...
Goto Rie - - 2012
The presence of germ cells in the early gonad is important for sexual fate determination and gonadal development in vertebrates. Recent studies in zebrafish and medaka have shown that a lack of germ cells in the early gonad induces sex reversal in favor of a male phenotype. However, it is ...
Tatzuke Yuki - - 2012
A homolog of receptor for activated protein kinase C1 (RACK1) was cloned from the budding tunicate Polyandrocarpa misakiensis. By RT-PCR and in situ hybridization analyses, PmRACK1 showed biphasic gene expression during asexual and sexual reproduction. In developing buds, the signal was exclusively observed in the multipotent atrial epithelium and undifferentiated ...
Piprek RafaƂ P - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to investigate the effects of germ cell depletion on the sexual differentiation of gonads in five anuran species. We used busulfan to eliminate the germ cells. Our results indicate that germ cells are not required for gonadal ridge formation or the development of the ...
Hung Wen-Yi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial dysfunction has been shown to promote cancer cell migration. However, molecular mechanism by which mitochondrial dysfunction enhances gastric cancer (GC) cell migration remains unclear. METHODS: Mitochondria specific inhibitors, oligomycin and antimycin A, were used to induce mitochondrial dysfunction and to enhance cell migration of human gastric cancer SC-M1 ...
Kerr Gary William - - 2012
Maintenance of ploidy in sexually reproducing organisms requires a specialized form of cell division called meiosis that generates genetically diverse haploid gametes from diploid germ cells. Meiotic cells halve their ploidy by undergoing two rounds of nuclear division (meiosis I and II) after a single round of DNA replication. Research ...
Scott Kristin - - 2012
The Cold Spring Harbour Asia conference on 'Assembly, Plasticity, Dysfunction and Repair of Neural Circuits' took place in Suzhou, China, in October 2011. Developmental, cell, molecular and systems neuroscientists convened to discuss the establishment, function and plasticity of neural circuits in diverse organisms.
Abdel-Aziz El-Sayedah H - - 2012
Gonadal histology confirmed that Scarus ferrugineus is a diandric protogynous fish. The process of protogynous sex reversal was investigated through histological observations on the gonads of females changing sex to male. This process was divided into three stages on the basis of changes in the structure of the germinal and ...
Passos Joao F JF Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE4 5PL, - - 2012
Thus, we are again left with a chicken-and egg situation: Is disrupted Ca2+ signalling, reduced mTOR activity and increased autophagy found in SOD2-/- cells because there are more senescent cells in the examined population? Or is any of these factors the culprit that triggers senescence in the first place? While ...
Nicolaisen Mette H - - 2012
Proteins may be an important carbon and nitrogen source to bacteria in aquatic habitats, yet knowledge on the actual utilization of this substrate by proteolytic bacteria is scarce. In the present study, Pseudomonas fluorescens ON2 produced an alkaline proteinase (AprX) during growth and there was no evidence for cell density-regulated ...
Wolf Sebastian - - 2012
Plant cell growth is controlled by the balance between turgor pressure and the extensibility of the cell wall. Several distinct classes of wall polysaccharides and their interactions contribute to the architecture and the emergent features of the wall. As a result, remarkable tensile strength is achieved without relinquishing extensibility. The ...
Cully Megan - - 2012
Target of rapamycin (TOR) regulates the growth of cells and organisms. Numerous growth-promoting and growth-arresting pathways converge on TOR; TOR acts as an important hub, balancing the pro- and anti-growth signals within a cell. Since it regulates growth at the cellular level, cell size can be used as an indirect ...
Karrer Kathleen M - - 2012
Nuclear dualism is a characteristic feature of the ciliated protozoa. Tetrahymena have two different nuclei in each cell. The larger, polyploid, somatic macronucleus (MAC) is the site of transcriptional activity in the vegetatively growing cell. The smaller, diploid micronucleus (MIC) is transcriptionally inactive in vegetative cells, but is transcriptionally active ...
Pampalona Judit - - 2012
Most cancer cells accumulate genomic abnormalities at a remarkably rapid rate, as they are unable to maintain their chromosome structure and number. Excessively short telomeres, a known source of chromosome instability, are observed in early human-cancer lesions. Besides telomere dysfunction, it has been suggested that a transient phase of polyploidization, ...
Unhavaithaya Yingdee - - 2012
Proper development requires coordination in growth of the cell types composing an organ. Many plant and animal cells are polyploid, but how these polyploid tissues contribute to organ growth is not well understood. We found the Drosophila melanogaster subperineurial glia (SPG) to be polyploid, and ploidy is coordinated with brain ...
Portillo Wendy - - 2012
In rodents, sexual behavior depends on the adequate detection of sexually relevant stimuli. The olfactory bulb (OB) is a region of the adult mammalian brain undergoing constant cell renewal by continuous integration of new granular and periglomerular neurons in the accessory (AOB) and main (MOB) olfactory bulbs. The proliferation, migration, ...
Wagenhäuser Markus U - - 2012
The treatment of rotator cuff tears is still challenging. Tendon tissue engineering (TTE) might be an alternative in future. Tenocytes seem to be the most suitable cell type as they are easy to obtain and no differentiation in vitro is necessary. The aim of this study was to examine, if ...
Jameson Samantha A SA Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2012
The divergence of distinct cell populations from multipotent progenitors is poorly understood, particularly in vivo. The gonad is an ideal place to study this process, because it originates as a bipotential primordium where multiple distinct lineages acquire sex-specific fates as the organ differentiates as a testis or an ovary. To ...
Tarcic Gabi G Department of Biological Regulation, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, - - 2012
The signaling pathways that commit cells to migration are incompletely understood. We employed human mammary cells and two stimuli: epidermal growth factor (EGF), which induced cellular migration, and serum factors, which stimulated cell growth. In addition to strong activation of ERK by EGF, and AKT by serum, early transcription remarkably ...
Hashimoto Muneaki - - 2011
The intracellular parasitic protist Trypanosoma cruzi is the causative agent of Chagas disease in Latin America. In general, pyrimidine nucleotides are supplied by both de novo biosynthesis and salvage pathways. While epimastigotes-an insect form-possess both activities, amastigotes-an intracellular replicating form of T. cruzi-are unable to mediate the uptake of pyrimidine. ...
Chan J - - 2011
In this review, I ask the question of what is the relationship between growth and the orientations of microtubules and cellulose microfibrils in plant cells. This should be a relatively simple question to answer considering that text books commonly describe microtubules and cellulose microfibrils as hoops that drive expansion perpendicular ...
Naresh Mohit - - 2011
Elucidation of the chemical logic of life is one of the grand challenges in biology, and essential to the progress of the upcoming field of synthetic biology. Treatment of microbial cells explicitly as a "chemical" species in controlled reaction (growth) environments has allowed fascinating discoveries of elemental formulae of a ...
Ribeiro Suzanna F F - - 2011
A 6,000 Da peptide, named CaTI, was isolated from Capsicum annuum L. seeds and showed potent inhibitory activity against trypsin and chymotrypsin. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of CaTI on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis and Kluyveromyces marxiannus cells. We observed that CaTI inhibited the ...
Sun Sean X - - 2011
Bacterial cells utilize three-dimensional (3D) protein assemblies to perform important cellular functions such as growth, division, chemoreception, and motility. These assemblies are composed of mechanoproteins that can mechanically deform and exert force. Sometimes, small-nucleotide hydrolysis is coupled to mechanical deformations. In this review, we describe the general principle for an ...
Pratsinis Harris - - 2011
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is accompanied by growth factor-overexpression and increased cell proliferation, probably representing a tissue repair process. Accordingly, we studied the effect of exogenous and autocrine growth factors on the proliferation of human IVD cells. We observed that Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF), basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF), and ...
Zhao Mei-Rong - - 2011
Expansin protein is a component of the cell wall generally accepted to be the key regulator of cell wall extension during plant growth. Plant hormones regulate expansin gene expression as well as plant growth during drought stress. However, the relationship between expansin and plant hormone is far from clear. Here, ...
Zdybicka-Barabas Agnieszka - - 2011
Galleria mellonella apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) has been implicated in the innate immune response against bacterial infections. The protein binds components of bacterial cell wall and inhibits growth of selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Interaction of apoLp-III with fungal β-1,3-glucan suggests antifungal properties of the protein. In the present study, the ...
Lozano Esteban - - 2011
Numerous natural compounds have been used against Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease. Here, we studied the effect of the diterpene 5-epi-icetexone on growth and morphology of parasites synchronized with hydroxyurea, at different periods of time after removal of the nucleotide. We observed that the diterpene does not ...
Ullisch David A - - 2011
For over two decades, plant cell cultures have been a promising research platform to express recombinant and therapeutic proteins such as hormones, growth factors, full-size antibodies and antigens. Chosen as a good host for manufacturing recombinant proteins, the Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bright Yellow 2 (BY-2) cell line has been ...
Fröhlich Julia D - - 2011
Pregestational diabetes retards early embryonic growth. Placental and fetal growth are closely associated, suggesting that placental growth is also impaired. During the first trimester of gestation, oxygen tension rises steeply, leading to excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which is exacerbated in diabetes and may affect placental development. We ...
Zheng Huanquan - - 2011
Cell polarity is a fundamental aspect of eukaryotic cells. A central question for cell biologists is how the polarity of a cell is established and maintained. Root hairs are exceptionally polarized structures formed from specific root epidermal cells. The morphogenesis of root hairs is characterized by the localized cell growth ...
Ma Fanxin - - 2011
Dysfunction and destruction of pancreatic islet β-cells is a hallmark of diabetes. Better understanding of cell signals regulating β-cell growth and antiapoptosis will allow development of therapeutic strategies for diabetes by preservation and expansion of β-cell mass. GH and IGF-I share a complicated physiological relationship and have both been implicated ...
Fernández-Marcos María - - 2011
Nitric oxide (NO) is considered a key regulator of plant developmental processes and defense, although the mechanism and direct targets of NO action remain largely unknown. We used phenotypic, cellular, and genetic analyses in Arabidopsis thaliana to explore the role of NO in regulating primary root growth and auxin transport. ...
Majumder Anurima A Department of Physiology and Functional Genomics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, - - 2012
Hyperkinetic Jak2 tyrosine kinase signaling has been implicated in several hematological disorders, including myeloproliferative neoplasms. Effective Jak2 inhibitors can have significant therapeutic potential. Here, using structure-based virtual screening, we identified a benzothiophene-derived Jak2 inhibitor named A46. We hypothesized that this compound would inhibit Jak2-V617F-mediated pathologic cell growth. To test this, ...
Takeuchi Satoru - - 2012
Glioma is the most common type of brain tumor, and has the worst prognosis in human malignancy. Experimental evidence suggests that the use of high concentrations of various amino acids may perturb neoplastic cell growth. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether essential amino acids can alter ...
Massonnet Catherine - - 2011
ABSTRACT Enormous progress has been achieved to understand the molecular mechanisms regulating endoreduplication. By contrast, how this process is coordinated with cell cycle or cell expansion and contributes to overall growth in multicellular systems remains unclear. A holistic approach was used here to give insight into the functional links between ...
Sauret-Güeto Susanna - - 2011
The phytohormone gibberelllin (GA) promotes plant growth by stimulating cellular expansion. Whilst it is known that GA acts by opposing the growth-repressing effects of DELLA proteins, it is not known how these events promote cellular expansion. Here we present a time-lapse analysis of the effects of a single pulse of ...
Gao Min-Jie - - 2011
Effective expression of porcine interferon-α (pIFN-α) with recombinant Pichia pastoris was conducted in a bench-scale fermentor. The influence of the glycerol feeding strategy on the specific growth rate and protein production was investigated. The traditional DO-stat feeding strategy led to very low cell growth rate resulting in low dry cell ...
Polko Joanna K - - 2011
• Hyponastic growth is an upward petiole movement induced by plants in response to various external stimuli. It is caused by unequal growth rates between adaxial and abaxial sides of the petiole, which bring rosette leaves to a more vertical position. The volatile hormone ethylene is a key regulator inducing ...
Barrow Jeffery - - 2011
The limb is one of the premier models for studying how a simple embryonic anlage develops into complex three-dimensional form. One of the key issues in the limb field has been to determine how the limb becomes patterned along its proximal (shoulder/hip) to distal (digits) axis. For decades it has ...
de Andrea Carlos E - - 2011
Chondrocytes interact with their neighbours through their cartilaginous extracellular matrix. Chondrocyte-matrix interactions compensate the lack of cell-cell contact and are modulated by proteoglycans and other molecules. The epiphyseal growth plate is a highly organized tissue responsible for long bone elongation. The growth plate is regulated by gradients of morphogens that ...
Wartlick O - - 2011
In the wing imaginal disc of Drosophila melanogaster, the morphogen Dpp controls growth, probably in an instructive manner. Many models for growth control by Dpp have been proposed and have been extensively discussed elsewhere. In this review, we speculate on how instructive growth control could provide a link between Dpp ...
Sridharan Shamira - - 2011
It has recently been shown that spatial light interference microscopy (SLIM) developed in our laboratory can be used to quantify the dry mass growth of single cells with femtogram sensitivity [M. Mir et al., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 108, 32 (2011)]. Here we show that it is possible to measure ...
Somwar Romel - - 2011
We previously described four small molecules that reduced the growth of lung adenocarcinoma cell lines with either epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or KRAS mutations in a high-throughout chemical screen. By combining affinity proteomics and gene expression analysis, we now propose superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) as the most likely target ...
Peric D - - 2011
Micro-RNAs are deregulated in cancer cells, and some are either tumor suppressive or oncogenic. In addition, a link has been established between decreased expression of micro-RNAs and transformation, and several proteins of the RNA interference pathway have been shown to be haploinsufficient tumor suppressors. Oncogenic micro-RNAs (oncomiRs) could represent new ...
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