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Icardo José M - - 2008
This paper reports on the structure and ultrastructure of the ventricular myocardium of the African lungfish Protopterus dolloi in freshwater (FW), in aestivation (AE), and after the AE period. The myocardium shows a conventional myofibrillar structure. All the myocytes contain large intracytoplasmic spaces occupied by a pale material that could ...
Salzberg, Letal Ilana
Bacteria thrive in many different habitats, and therefore will encounter a multitude of environmental stresses. Survival requires the development of sophisticated response mechanisms that can identify potential threats and initiate regulatory cascades orchestrating the expression of defensive components. The cell envelope is the first layer of the cell to come ...
Mormeneo María - - 2008
Both the secretion and the cell surface display of Bacillus subtilis lipase A (Lip A) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated using different domains of the cell wall protein Pir4 as translational fusion partners. LipA gene minus its leader peptide was fused inframe in two places of PIR4 to achieve cell ...
Ceusters Johan - - 2008
In CAM-plants rising levels of malic acid in the early morning cause elevated turgor pressures in leaf chlorenchyma cells. Under specific conditions this process is lethal for sensitive plants resulting in chlorenchyma cell burst while other species can cope with these high pressures and do not show cell burst under ...
Wang C X - - 2008
The aim of this study was to measure key material properties of the cell walls of single suspension-cultured plant cells and relate these to cell-wall biochemistry. To this end, micromanipulation was used to compress single tomato cells between two flat surfaces until they ruptured, and force-deformation data were obtained. In ...
Nather Kerstin K Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, - - 2008
The fungal cell surface contributes to pathogenesis by mediating interactions with host cells and eliciting host immune responses. This review focuses on the cell wall proteome of the major fungal pathogen Candida albicans and discusses how diversity at the cell surface can be introduced by altering the expression and structure ...
Das Sujoy K - - 2008
The interaction of chromium and a chromate resistant Aspergillus versicolor strain has been studied by atomic force (AFM) and transmission electron (TEM) microscopies. The nanomechanical properties such as cell wall rigidity and elasticity were measured by force spectroscopy and found to be 0.61 +/- 0.08 N/m, and 20.5 +/- 2.1 ...
Layec Séverine - - 2008
Within Streptococcus thermophilus, Cse was identified as the major cell disconnecting peptidoglycan hydrolase (PGH) and was demonstrated to be species-specific. To identify cell disconnecting PGHs encoded by other Streptococcus genomes, we explored the diversity of domains carried by Firmicutes PGHs, and especially that of enzymes involved in daughter cell separation. ...
Muñiz Luis - - 2008
Cell size and secondary cell wall patterning are crucial for the proper functioning of xylem vessel elements in the vascular tissues of plants. Through detailed anatomical characterization of Arabidopsis thaliana hypocotyls, we observed that mutations in the putative spermine biosynthetic gene ACL5 severely affected xylem specification: the xylem vessel elements ...
Davey Marie L - - 2008
Papulaspora sepedonioides produces large multicellular gemmae with several, thick-walled central cells enclosed within a sheath of smaller thin-walled cells. Phylogenetic analysis of the large subunit rDNA indicates P. sepedonioides has affinities to the Melanosporales (Hypocreomycetidae). The development of gemmae in P. sepedonioides was characterized by light and scanning and transmission ...
Nunez Y P - - 2008
A wine model was evaluated to determine the influence of aging on the ability of whole yeast cells (WY) and yeast cell walls (YCW) to remove ochratoxin A (OTA). Aging and autolysis were monitored for 214 h in the model wine. The original concentration of OTA in the model wine ...
Wiater Adrian - - 2008
The cell wall material from fruiting bodies of Laetiporus sulphureus has been suggested as a new alternative to mutan for the mutanase induction in Trichoderma harzianum. Structural analyses revealed that the alkali-soluble wall fraction from this polypore fungus contained 56.3% of (1-->3)-linked alpha-glucans. When the strain T. harzianum F-340 was ...
Roach Melissa J - - 2008
Hypocotyls are a commonly used model to study primary growth in plants, since post-germinative hypocotyls increase in size by cell elongation rather than cell division. Flax hypocotyls produce phloem fibres in bundles one to two cell layers thick, parallel to the protoxylem poles of the stele. Cell wall deposition within ...
Li Xin - - 2008
A novel compound (named CF66I) produced by Burkholeria cepacia CF-66 strain was investigated for its antifungal activity against Candida albicans. This compound exhibited excellent antifungal activity in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Uptake analysis revealed that the compound preferentially acted against the fungal cell wall, and was also able to ...
Zhao Qingxin - - 2008
Mature plant cell walls lose their ability to expand and become unresponsive to expansin. This phenomenon is believed to be due to cross-linking of hemicellulose, pectin, or phenolic groups in the wall. By screening various hydrolytic enzymes, we found that pretreatment of nongrowing, heat-inactivated, basal cucumber (Cucumis sativus) hypocotyls with ...
Schmalhorst Philipp S - - 2008
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus is responsible for a lethal disease called invasive aspergillosis that affects immunocompromised patients. This disease, like other human fungal diseases, is generally treated by compounds targeting the primary fungal cell membrane sterol. Recently, glucan synthesis inhibitors were added to the limited antifungal arsenal and encouraged ...
Ruiz-Baca Estela E Instituto de Investigación en Biología Experimental, Facultad de Química, Universidad de Guanajuato, Guanajuato, - - 2009
Sporothrix schenckii is the etiological agent of sporotrichosis, a subcutaneous mycosis and an emerging disease in immunocompromised patients. Adherence to target cells is a prerequisite for fungal dissemination and systemic complications. However, information on the cell surface components involved in this interaction is rather scarce. In this investigation, the extraction ...
Nobbs Angela H - - 2008
Pili are putative virulence factors and promising vaccine candidates in Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus [GBS]) infection, a leading cause of neonatal sepsis and meningitis. The genes necessary for pilus synthesis and assembly are clustered in pilus islands (PI). Each gene encodes three structural subunits (a backbone and two ancillary ...
Ringli Christoph - - 2008
Flavonoids are secondary metabolites known to modulate plant growth and development. A primary function of flavonols, a subgroup of flavonoids, is thought to be the modification of auxin fluxes in the plant. Flavonols in the cell are glycosylated, and the repressor of lrx1 (rol1) mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana, affected in ...
Yelle Daniel J - - 2008
A recently described plant cell wall dissolution system has been modified to use perdeuterated solvents to allow direct in-NMR-tube dissolution and high-resolution solution-state NMR of the whole cell wall without derivatization. Finely ground cell wall material dissolves in a solvent system containing dimethylsulfoxide-d(6) and 1-methylimidazole-d(6) in a ratio of 4:1 ...
Goude Renan - - 2008
Despite an available vaccine and effective antibiotics, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is still the causative agent of almost 2 million deaths every year. The cell wall of M. tuberculosis is composed of sugars and lipids of exotic structure, many of which contribute to its pathogenicity. The majority of the enzymes responsible for ...
Cavalier David M - - 2008
Xyloglucans are the main hemicellulosic polysaccharides found in the primary cell walls of dicots and nongraminaceous monocots, where they are thought to interact with cellulose to form a three-dimensional network that functions as the principal load-bearing structure of the primary cell wall. To determine whether two Arabidopsis thaliana genes that ...
Faulkner Christine - - 2008
In higher plants, plasmodesmata (PD) are major conduits for cell-cell communication. Primary PD are laid down at cytokinesis, while secondary PD arise during wall extension. During leaf development, the basal cell walls of trichomes extend radially without division, providing a convenient system for studying the origin of secondary PD. We ...
Knox J Paul JP Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom. - - 2008
The extensive knowledge of the chemistry of isolated cell wall polymers, and that relating to the identification and partial annotation of gene families involved in their synthesis and modification, is not yet matched by a sophisticated understanding of the occurrence of the polymers within cell walls of the diverse cell ...
Sumper Manfred - - 2008
After complete genome sequencing, the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana has become an attractive model organism for silica biomineralization studies. Recent progress, especially with respect to intracellular silicic acid processing, as well as to the natures of the biomolecules involved in diatom cell wall formation, is described. On the one hand, considerable ...
Brininstool, Ginger
Abstract Background The Arabidopsis thaliana CONSTITUTIVE EXPRESSOR OF PATHOGENESIS-RELATED GENES5 ( CPR5 ) gene has been previously implicated in disease resistance, cell proliferation, cell death, and sugar sensing, and encodes a putative membrane protein of unknown biochemical function. Trichome development is also affected in cpr5 plants, which have leaf trichomes ...
McCann Maureen C - - 2008
Cell wall architecture plays a key role in the regulation of plant cell growth and differentiation into specific cell types. Gaining genetic control of the amount, composition, and structure of cell walls in different cell types will impact both the quantity and yield of fermentable sugars from biomass for biofuels ...
Shaner Lance - - 2008
Molecular chaperones direct refolding and triage decisions and support signal transduction responses to cytotoxic stress. The eukaryotic chaperone Hsp110 is represented by the SSE1/2 genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which act as nucleotide exchange factors (NEFs) for cognate cytosolic Hsp70 chaperones. In this report, we present evidence that Sse1 is required ...
Burkard Michael - - 2008
Specific drug-sensing systems that coordinate appropriate genetic responses assure the survival of microorganisms in the presence of antibiotics. We report on the development and application of a microtiter plate-based bioassay for the identification of antibiotics interfering with the lipid II cycle essential for peptidoglycan biosynthesis. A Bacillus subtilis reporter strain ...
Eaton Peter - - 2008
Chitosan has been reported to be a non-toxic, biodegradable antibacterial agent. The aim of this work was to elucidate the relationship between the molecular weight of chitosan and its antimicrobial activity upon two model microorganisms, one Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and one Gram-negative (Escherichia coli). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging was ...
Lehner Christine - - 2009
Nitric oxide (NO), a key molecule in inter- and intracellular signalling, is implicated in developmental processes, host defense, and apoptosis in higher plants. We investigated the effect of NO on development in the unicellular green alga, Micrasterias denticulata, using two different NO donors, S-nitroso-N-acetyl-dl-penicillamine (SNAP) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP). Investigations ...
Bagniewska-Zadworna Agnieszka - - 2008
Polypodium vulgare L. is a desiccation-tolerant fern that can withstand successive dry periods in its life cycle. To better understand this mechanism, the current study was undertaken to assess the role of phenolic compounds in rhizome dehydration and determine their localisation in the rhizome cells after enforced dehydration in mannitol ...
WATANABE, Ugai
この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。
ITOH, Takao
この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。
MORI, Mitsumasa
この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。
Nishikawa Kuniko - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Helichrysum bracteatum is called an 'eternal flower' and has large, coloured, scarious bracts. These maintain their aesthetic value without wilting or discoloration for many years. There have been no research studies of cell death or cell morphology of the scarious bract, and hence the aim of this ...
Mellerowicz Ewa J - - 2008
Progress has been made toward understanding the biosynthesis and modifications of the cellulose and the hemicellulose/pectin matrix of woody cell walls (and hence wood properties) by identifying 1600 carbohydrate active enzymes (CAZYmes) in Populus, and pinpointing key candidates involved in various developmental stages of wood formation. Transgenic modifications of primary ...
Kim Hee Jin - - 2008
Hydrogen peroxide and other reactive oxygen species are important signaling molecules in diverse physiological processes. Previously, we discovered superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in extracellular protein preparations from fiber-bearing cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seeds. We show here, based on immunoreactivity, that the enzyme is a Cu/Zn-SOD (CSD). Immunogold localization shows that ...
Hématy Kian - - 2008
The growth of plant cells involves a constant adjustment of synthesis and rearrangement of cell wall polymers. Recently, three plasma membrane-bound receptor kinases related to CrRLK1 have been shown to be involved in the negative control of cell growth in different contexts. THESEUS1 is activated in mutants deficient for cellulose ...
Abraham Jessy - - 2008
N-Lauroyl sarcosine (LS), a cationic, non-toxic and biodegradable detergent readily permeabilized whole cells of baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Permeabilization was carried out to increase assayable cellular catalase activity, an enzyme of great physiological and industrial importance, and to release 5'-nucleotides which find food/nutritional applications. The event of permeabilization was concentration, ...
Verboven Pieter - - 2008
Our understanding of the gas exchange mechanisms in plant organs critically depends on insights in the three-dimensional (3-D) structural arrangement of cells and voids. Using synchrotron radiation x-ray tomography, we obtained for the first time high-contrast 3-D absorption images of in vivo fruit tissues of high moisture content at 1.4-microm ...
Alonso-Simón Ana - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The herbicide quinclorac has been reported to inhibit incorporation of glucose both into cellulose and other cell wall polysaccharides. However, further work has failed to detect any apparent effect of this herbicide on the synthesis of the wall. In order to elucidate whether quinclorac elicits the inhibition ...
Saggers E J - - 2008
AIMS: The aims of the current study were to explore the site of bacterial attachment to vegetable tissues and to investigate the hypothesis that Salmonella must be living in order to attach to this site(s). METHODS AND RESULTS: Scanning electron micrographs of intact potato cells showed that Salm. serotype Typhimurium ...
Wang Yuli Y Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2008
Arrays of releasable micropallets with surrounding walls of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) were fabricated for the patterning and sorting of adherent cells. PEG walls were fabricated between the SU-8 pallets using a simple, mask-free strategy. By utilizing the difference in UV-transmittance of glass and SU-8, PEG monomer was selectively photopolymerized in ...
Stein Torsten - - 2008
The potential of whole-cell matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) for the discovery of microorganisms that produce lantibiotics and/or bacteriocins in the mass range 3-5 kDa is demonstrated. Cells of the antibiotic-producing model strain Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 were grown on Landy agar plates, and prepared with a ...
Brüx Angela - - 2008
Regulated cell expansion allows plants to adapt their morphogenesis to prevailing environmental conditions. Cell expansion is driven by turgor pressure created by osmotic water uptake and is restricted by the extensibility of the cell wall, which in turn is regulated by the synthesis, incorporation, and cross-linking of new cell wall ...
Kalebina Tatyana S - - 2008
Glucantransferase Bgl2p is a major conserved cell wall constituent described for a wide range of yeast species. In the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae it is the only non-covalently bound cell wall protein that cannot be released from cell walls by sequential SDS and trypsin treatment. It contains seven amyloidogenic determinants. ...
Schmidt Martin - - 2008
In a screen for cell wall defects in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we isolated a strain carrying a mutation in the Cdc28-activating kinase CAK1. The cak1P212S mutant cells exhibit multiple, elongated and branched buds, beta(1,3)glucan-poor regions of the cell periphery and lysed upon osmotic shock after treatment with the chitin synthase III ...
Zhang TingTing - - 2008
Candida albicans is the most prominent opportunistic fungal pathogen in humans. Multiple factors are associated with the virulence of C. albicans, including morphogenesis, cell wall organization and growth rate. Here, we describe the identification and functional characterization of CaECM25, a gene that has not been reported before. We constructed Caecm25Delta/Delta ...
Chubar Natalia - - 2008
Microbial biomass represents a potentially cost-effective sorbent for water treatment applications. High sorption capacities for both cations and anions are demonstrated here for viable and autoclaved cell suspensions of the Gram-negative bacterium Shewanella putrefaciens. FTIR absorption spectra and pH-dependent zeta-potentials are similar for the viable and killed bacterial cells. Potentiometric ...
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