Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1769
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Shida Dai - - 2004
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), which interacts with at least three G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), LPA1/Edg-2, LPA2/Edg-4, and LPA3/Edg-7, is a lipid mediator with diverse effects on various cells. Here, we investigated the expression profiles of LPA receptors and patterns of LPA-induced migration in gastric cancer cells. Northern blot analysis revealed that ...
Faller Gerhard - - 2005
Chronic gastritis with gastric mucosa atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and endocrine cell hyperplasia are alterations with an increased risk for the development of gastric neoplasias. Immunological studies in autoimmune gastritis, in atrophic Helicobacter pylori gastritis and in studies with transgenic mice point to a central role of the parietal cell in ...
Dockray Graham J - - 2004
The gastric hormone gastrin stimulates gastric acid secretion and epithelial cell proliferation. Multiple active products are generated from the precursor, preprogastrin, including the well-characterized amidated gastrins acting at the cholecystokinin-2 (CCK-2, or gastrin-CCK(B)) receptor, and others that may be growth factors in a range of cancers. Plasma concentrations of the ...
Patel Oneel - - 2004
Although amidated forms of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) have been identified as autocrine growth factors in small cell lung cancer, their role in the development and progression of colorectal carcinoma is less clear. In addition, the biological activity of non-amidated gastrin-releasing peptide has not been investigated in colorectal carcinoma cells. We ...
Marcos Zuberoa - - 2004
Prion diseases are believed to develop from the conformational change of normal cellular prion protein (PrPc) to a pathogenic isoform (PrPsc). PrPc is present in both the central nervous system and many peripheral tissues, although protein concentration is significantly lower in non-neuronal tissues. PrPc expression is essential for internalization and ...
Gugger M - - 2004
Many neuroendocrine gastrointestinal tumours express receptors for the regulatory peptide somatostatin. Among the five existing somatostatin receptor (sst) subtypes, sst2A is the most frequently expressed in these tumours. However, little information is available about the cellular location of sst2A in corresponding non-neoplastic epithelial tissues. We searched for sst2A immunoreactive cells ...
Chew Catherine S - - 2005
IQGAPs, GTPase-activating proteins with an IQ motif, are thought to regulate many actin cytoskeleton-based activities through interactions with Cdc42 and Rac. Recently, Cdc42 was implicated in regulation of gastric parietal cell HCl secretion, and IQGAP2 was immunolocalized with Cdc42 to F-actin-rich intracellular canalicular membranes of isolated gastric parietal cells in ...
Al-Ghoul Laila - - 2004
The pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori-associated disorders is strongly dependent on a specialized type IV secretion system (T4SS) encoded by the cag pathogenicity island (PAI). Cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) is the only known H. pylori protein translocated into the host cell followed by tyrosine phosphorylation through host protein kinases. H. pylori ...
De Luca Antonio - - 2004
The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is linked to the appearance of several gastric diseases and in particular is associated with a progression to gastric cancer. Thistrun -1 bacterium colonizes the gastric mucosa directly interacting with epithelial cells. It is well known that H. pylori is associated with alterations in the gastric ...
Schäfermeyer A - - 2004
AIM AND METHODS: Enterochromaffin (EC) cells, interspersed throughout the gastrointestinal mucosa, provide most of the serotonin of the body and control intestinal motility, secretion and absorption. We purified EC cells from the rat ileum by a combination of elutriation and density gradient centrifugation in order to characterize the function of ...
Saikawa Yoshiro - - 2004
DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) plays an important role in the maintenance of DNA methylation patterns via complicated networks including signaling pathways and transcriptional factors, relating to cell differentiation or carcinogenesis. In the present study, we designed an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide of DNMT1 (AS/MT: 5'-CGGTAC GCGCCGGCATCT-3') and demonstrated successful inhibition of DNMT1 ...
Conlin Victoria S - - 2004
The human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori attaches to antral epithelial cells in vivo. Cultured human antral epithelial cells, AGS and NCI-N87 cell lines, were grown in the absence or presence of H. pylori and compared with respect to gene transcript levels, protein expression, organization of the actin cytoskeleton, and the ...
Ku Sae Kwang - - 2004
The regional distributions and frequencies of argyrophil endocrine cells in gastrointestinal (GI) tract of osteoporotic Sprague-Dawley rat induced by ovariectomy were studied using Grimelius silver stain. The experimental animals were divided into two groups, one is non-ovariectomized group (Sham) and the other is ovariectomized group (OVX). Samples were collected from ...
Clyne Marguerite - - 2004
The effect of Helicobacter pylori infection on human and murine primary gastric cells was determined. CagA was phosphorylated following adherence of H. pylori to primary human gastric cells. However, it did not adhere to human primary duodenal cells or murine gastric cells, and CagA could not be detected in cell ...
Park Jong-Kook - - 2004
We have evaluated the antitumor effects of gefitinib (Iressa, ZD1839) in SNU-1 human gastric cancer cells (hMLH1-deficient and epidermal growth factor receptor-overexpressed) when given alone or as a doublet with oxaliplatin (LOHP), 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or paclitaxel (PTX). The four drugs showed IC50s ranging from 1.81 nM to 13.2 microM. LOHP ...
Moore T Carlton - - 2004
The prevalence of esophageal adenocarcinoma in the setting of Barrett's metaplasia continues to increase in Western nations at a rate greater than any other cancer. The trophic properties of gastrin have been documented in gastric, pancreatic and colon cancer cell lines, suggesting a potential role for this regulatory peptide in ...
Lachal Shamilah - - 2004
The three subtypes of peroxisome proliferator activated-receptors (PPARalpha, delta and gamma) control the storage and metabolism of fatty acids. Treatment of rats with the PPARalpha ligand ciprofibrate increases serum gastrin concentrations, and several lines of evidence suggest that non-amidated gastrins act as growth factors for the colonic mucosa. The aim ...
Dornonville de la Cour Charlotta - - 2004
Ghrelin, a recently discovered peptide hormone, is produced by endocrine cells in the stomach, the so-called A-like cells. Ghrelin binds to the growth hormone (GH) secretagogue receptor and releases GH. It is claimed to be orexigenic and to control gastric acid secretion and gastric motility. In this study, we examined ...
Sugihara A - - 2004
A case of a Borrmann type 2 advanced gastric cancer with endocrine differentiation is described. Histologically, the cancer was either composed of cells arranged in a tubular pattern or formed solid nests of various sizes. The tubular pattern was composed of a moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. The histology showed partial ...
Takahashi Tetsufumi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is found within the gastric surface mucous gel layer and in the epithelial surface. Gastric cancer cells have been used in experimental H. pylori infection in vitro, although cancer cells have some abnormalities in cellular properties. The aim of this study was to develop an in vitro ...
Beckert Stefan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Gastric ulcer healing requires the reconstitution of epithelial structures and underlying connective tissue through cellular proliferation, migration, and differentiation. The systemic application of growth hormone (GH) has shown anabolic effects in postoperative and burn therapy by increasing protein synthesis and attenuating protein catabolism. There is also evidence that GH ...
Fykse V - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and hypergastrinaemia are at risk of developing hyperplasia of the enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells and ECL-cell-derived tumours. The effect of the somatostatin analogue octreotide on ECL cell carcinoids is examined. METHODS: Five patients with hypergastrinaemia and ECL cell carcinoids were enrolled in a 1-year ...
Nakamura M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Our recent histochemical studies have revealed an increase in myofibroblasts and in leptin and its receptor in endothelial cells, and myofibroblasts in Helicobacter pylori-infected human and Mongolian gerbil fundic mucosa. AIM: The present study was undertaken to clarify the H. pylori-induced interaction between leptin in cultured gastric surface mucous ...
Sakata Ichiro - - 2004
Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), was isolated from the rat stomach and determined to be n-octanoylated 28-amino-acid peptide. In this study, we studied the distribution of ghrelin-producing cells (ghrelin cells) in the gastrointestinal tract of male and female rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) by immunohistochemistry ...
Ku Sae-kwang - - 2004
The distributions and frequencies of some endocrine cells in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of ddY mice were studied with immunohistochemical method using 7 types of antisera against bovine chromogranin (BCG), serotonin, gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK)-8, somatostatin, glucagon and human pancreatic polypeptide (HPP). All of 7 types of immunoreactive (IR) cells were ...
Ogawa Kazushige - - 2004
Mitochondria occasionally increase in size in response to metabolic injury. Numerous studies have reported giant mitochondria in patients with various diseases and animals with metabolic injuries, and there are few reports on giant mitochondria in normal cells under physiological conditions. Here, we report a reversible formation of giant and normal-sized ...
Kinoshita Yoshikazu - - 2004
In 1984, Reg protein was shown to be stimulated during the regeneration of pancreatic islets. Since then, many Reg-related proteins have been identified in humans and other animals. These Reg-related proteins are classified into four subfamilies according to their amino-acid sequences, but they share a similar structure and physiological function. ...
De Block Christophe E M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Parietal cell antibodies (PCAs) are found in 20% of type 1 diabetic patients, denoting autoimmune gastritis and pernicious anemia, which may predispose to enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell hyper/dysplasia and gastric carcinoid tumors. We evaluated whether chromogranin A (CgA), 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) contribute to screening for ...
Eguchi H - - 2004
Helicobacter pylori infection increases the risk of gastric cancer but the molecular mechanisms responsible are not well understood. Gastric cells chronically exposed to H pylori in vitro develop resistance to apoptosis associated with low levels of p27, a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor and haplo insufficient tumour suppressor gene that is ...
Fukamachi Hiroshi - - 2004
RUNX3: is expressed by gastric epithelial cells throughout development. Mice whose Runx3 gene has been knocked out died soon after birth. In the knockout mouse, gastric epithelia exhibited hyperplasia and epithelial apoptosis was suppressed. Analysis using a primary culture system for the epithelial cells suggested that this is caused by ...
Silberstein Claudia - - 2004
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) water channels exist as heterotetramers of M1 and M23 splice variants and appear to be present in orthogonal arrays of intramembraneous particles (OAPs) visualized by freeze-fracture microscopy. We report that AQP4 forms OAPs in rat gastric parietal cells but not in parietal cells from the mouse or kangaroo ...
Dubreuil Ronald R - - 2004
Copper cells in the Drosophila midgut were originally named for their ability to accumulate dietary copper. Recent studies have uncovered a number of intriguing similarities between copper cells and the acid-producing gastric parietal cells of the mammalian stomach. In addition to their shared roles in stomach acidification, they share a ...
Biasco G - - 2004
Patients affected by familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are at risk of developing duodenal neoplasia. Our objective was to detect early abnormalities of the epithelial cell proliferation and ultrastructure of apparently normal duodenal mucosa of FAP patients. Biopsy specimens were taken from the duodenal mucosa. Cell proliferation was studied by immunohistochemistry ...
Zanner Robert - - 2004
Dynamin and amphiphysin play crucial roles in a variety of endocytic processes. Previous investigations of expression and functions of these proteins were performed mostly on neurons. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence and interaction of dyn and amph in gastric enterochromaffin-like cells. These endocrine cells of ...
Basu Anamika - - 2004
Contamination of groundwater by arsenic, a paradoxical human carcinogen, has become a cause of global public health concern. In West Bengal, India, the groundwater in 9 of 18 districts is heavily contaminated with arsenic. Various adverse health effects including cancer have been reported from these districts and are associated with ...
Zhao C-M - - 2004
The oxyntic mucosa of the rat stomach is rich in ECL cells which produce and secrete histamine in response to gastrin. Histamine and the histamine-forming enzyme histidine decarboxylase (HDC) have been claimed to occur also in the gastrin-secreting G cells in the antrum. In the present study, we used a ...
Hayashi Yoshitaka - - 2004
Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm (EHS) tumor produces large amounts of basement membrane (BM) components, which are widely used as cell culture substrates mimicking BM functions. EHS tumor arose spontaneously in an ST/Eh strain mouse and has been propagated by transplantation. In the present study, we established a cell line, EHSPEL (EHS Parietal Endoderm-Like), ...
Gugger M - - 2004
Many neuroendocrine gastrointestinal and lung tumors express sst2A somatostatin receptors. Because the cellular location of sst2A in the corresponding non-neoplastic tissue is unknown, we searched for sst2A immuno-reactive cells and characterized their type in these tissues using a highly specific sst2A antibody (R2-88). Epithelial sst2A cells, identified as neuroendocrine, gastrin-producing ...
Rindi Guido - - 2004
The endocrine cells of the gut are a highly specialized mucosal cell subpopulation. Within the gastrointestinal tract at least 14 different cell types produce a wide range of hormones with a specific regional distribution. The gut endocrine cells belong to the diffuse endocrine system. These cells present two regulated pathways ...
Wen Xian-Zi - - 2004
Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), a member of the transforming growth factor beta super-family, has been shown to act as an antiproliferative agent for a variety of cell lines by activating signaling cascades that cause cell cycle arrest. However, the biological effect and mechanism of action of BMP-2 on gastric ...
Fujisawa Tomomi - - 2004
Furin, a proprotein-convertase, is distributed in the upper third layer and the lower quarter region of the rat gastric gland. We previously identified the upper furin-positive cells as parietal cells, and here, we identify the lower furin-positive cells as chief cells. Chief cells express three isoforms of transforming growth factor ...
Ku S K - - 2004
The distributions and frequencies of some endocrine cells in the eight portions of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of BALB/c mouse were studied. Endocrine cells were stained using immunohistochemical method with seven types of antisera against bovine chromogranin (BCG), serotonin, gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK)-8, somatostatin, glucagon and human pancreatic polypeptide (HPP), and ...
Nakayama H - - 2004
To investigate the roles of vascular adventitial fibroblastic cells in tumour stroma, the distribution of vascular adventitial fibroblastic cells was studied in gastric carcinomas. In total, 50 surgically resected gastric carcinomas (43 intestinal type, and seven solid type) and their normal tissues were examined. Vascular adventitial fibroblastic cells are positive ...
Srivastava Amitabh - - 2004
Ghrelin, a recently discovered peptide isolated from the gastric corpus mucosa, is believed to be important in the regulation of growth hormone secretion and has been shown to increase appetite and food intake as well. It may also have other gastrointestinal and cardiac functions. Because a cell of origin for ...
Karam Sherif M - - 2004
In the gastric glands, parietal cells are the targets for anti-ulcer drugs because they contain the proton pump or HK-ATPase responsible for acid secretion. Little is known about factors influencing developmental expression and activity of HK-ATPase. In this study, the parietal cell lineage was investigated in rabbits at post-natal days ...
Naumann Michael - - 2004
Helicobacter pylori represents a highly successful human microbial pathogen that infects the stomach of more than half of the world's population. H. pylori induces gastric inflammation, and the diseases that can follow such infection include chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers and, more rarely, gastric cancer. The reasons why a minority of ...
Kasacka Irena - - 2004
Many disturbances in electrolyte and hormonal balance in the body induced by functional impairment of renal parenchyma may affect the activity of amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation (APUD) cells, which constitute a very important link in the regulation of homeostasis. The aim of the present study was the morphological, immunohistochemical ...
Deveci M Salih - - 2004
The mechanism of progression from gastric endocrine cell hyperplasias (ECHs) to carcinoid tumor (GCT) is still unknown. In these lesions, the distribution of metaplastic Paneth, gastrin and pancreatic acinar cells developing due to consequences of corporal mucosal atrophy has not been investigated in detail. In this study, 33 gastric endoscopic ...
Yang Gui-Bo - - 2004
The involvement of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) in immunoregulation has been well documented. Gut mucosa is a large reservoir of 5-HT most of which is attributed to gut endocrine cells. In this study, we examined the anatomical relationship among 5-HT immunoreactive cells and T and B lymphocytes in the gut mucosa ...
Ran Zhi Hua - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sensitivities of distinct gastric cancer cells to parvovirus H-1 induced cytotoxicity and the possible mechanism(s). METHODS: There were six distinct differentiated gastric cancer cell lines: HGC27 (undifferentiated), BGC823 (undifferentiated), MKN45 (poorly differentiated), AGS (poorly differentiated), SGC7901 (moderately differentiated) and MKN28 (well differentiated). The cell cycle distributions ...
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