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880-01 Yi-Ying, Wu
Thesis (Ph.D.)--National Taiwan University Graduate Institute of Immunology
Drăghia Alina Cătălina - - 2006
It has been studied "in situ" the action of NADH2-cytochrome C reductase, an aerobe oxidative enzyme, in comparison to lactate dehydrogenase, a glycolitic enzyme in the gastric mucosa and with portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) accompanied by morpho-pathological observations. In the normal gastric mucosa, the aerobe oxidative metabolism is predominant over ...
Fukamachi Hiroshi - - 2006
Runx3 is a transcription factor expressed by gastric epithelial cells. In the Runx3(-/-) mouse, gastric epithelia exhibited hyperplasia, and epithelial apoptosis was suppressed. By analyzing growth of the epithelial cells in primary culture, we found that Runx3(-/-) gastric epithelial cells are less sensitive to the growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing activities of ...
Fykse V - - 2006
AIM: Gastrin stimulates acid secretion by mobilizing histamine from enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells that occur predominantly at the base of the gastric glands. The parietal cells occur higher up in the glands nearer to the gastric lumen. The present study was performed to assess whether histamine is transported from the ECL ...
Ling Hui - - 2006
Diallyl disulfide (DADS) is a major constituent of garlic. Previously, we found that DADS both inhibited proliferation in human gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, and induced G2/M arrest. In this study, we investigated whether this differentiation effect was induced by DADS in human gastric cancer MGC803 cells, ...
Bakkelund Karin - - 2006
Adenocarcinomas are malignant tumors with glandular growth and/or supposed intracellular mucin as identified by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) positivity. Gastric signet ring cell carcinomas are classified as diffuse type. A proportion of diffuse-type adenocarcinomas have previously been suggested to be of neuroendocrine origin. In the present study we examined gastric signet ...
Nagata Hiroshi - - 2006
Musashi-1 is involved in maintenance of neural stem cells. In the rat stomach, we found some cells in the luminal compartment of the mucosa that stained positively for Musashi-1. These cells were distinct from other cells of epithelial lineage, except for parietal cells, and coexpressed HES5. The Musashi-1-positive cells exfoliated ...
Matsuoka Takanori - - 2005
We experimentally observed the process of regeneration of gastric mucosal cells in ulcers induced by surgical removal of the fundic mucosa of rats. The techniques utilized were immunocytochemistry, laser confocal microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Routine TEM and PAS reaction were used for parietal cells, chief cells, and mucous ...
Karam Sherif M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In mice and humans, the gastric epithelial progenitors undergo proliferation and bipolar migration from the isthmus associated with their differentiation into mucus-, acid- and pepsinogen-secreting cell lineages. Little is known about factors that control the dynamics of these isthmal progenitor cells. Retinoids have long been known as ...
Ku Sae-kwang - - 2005
The regional distributions and frequencies of argyrophil endocrine cells in gastrointestinal (GI) tract of Balb/c-nu/ nu mouse were studied using Grimelius silver stain after abdominal subcutaneous implantation of COLO205. The experimental animals were divided into two groups, one is non-implanted group (Sham) and the other is COLO205- implanted group. Samples ...
Fedwick Jason P - - 2005
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral, gram-negative bacterium that specifically and persistently infects the human stomach. In some individuals, H. pylori-induced chronic gastritis may progress to gastroduodenal ulcers and gastric cancer. Currently, the host-microbe interactions that determine the clinical outcome of infection are not well defined. H. pylori strains capable of ...
Kim Taeyoon - - 2006
Dense-core secretory granule (DCG) biogenesis is a prerequisite step for the sorting, processing, and secretion of neuropeptides and hormones in (neuro)endocrine cells. Previously, chromogranin A (CgA) has been shown to play a key role in the regulation of DCG biogenesis in vitro and in vivo. However, the underlying mechanism of ...
Fykse Vidar - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In a one-year study of 5 patients with chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), pernicious anaemia (PA), hypergastrinaemia and enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell tumours, the somatostatin analogue octreotide LAR (long-acting release) in a dose of 20 mg given intramuscularly at monthly intervals had an antiproliferative effect on the ECL cells. The aim ...
Sutak J - - 2005
Gastric mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a low grade B cell lymphoma histologically characterised by neoplastic B cells surrounding follicles in a marginal zone pattern and selectively infiltrating epithelium to form characteristic lymphoepithelial lesions. To identify solitary epithelial cells in gastric MALT lymphoma and investigate their nature. Anonymised ...
Waldum Helge L - - 2005
Inhibitors of gastric acid secretion are efficient drugs in the treatment of acid-related diseases. However, by reducing gastric acidity, hypergastrinemia develops. Gastrin regulates its target cell, the enterochromaffin (ECL) cell, both functionally and tropicaly. Long-term hypergastrinemia in whatever species studied, has been shown to induce tumors originating from the ECL ...
Chlumská A - - 2005
The histopathological diagnosis of autoimmune gastritis (AG) in its early stages can be a diagnostic challenge. Even some advanced cases with complete atrophy of the corpus mucosa may be difficult to recognize. To establish the diagnosis of autoimmune gastritis, several histological features should be assessed and combined with immunostains for ...
Stubbs M - - 2005
The gastrin CCK2 pathway has been implicated in the development of various cancers including leukaemia. An autocrine or intracrine pathway may exist in the leukaemia cell that is involved in stimulating proliferation. We tested four leukaemia cell lines, KU812, ML-1, MOLT-4 and U937 for the existence of the CCK2 receptor ...
Huang Xu-Gen - - 2005
AIM: To clarify the types, regional distributions and distribution densities as well as morphological features of gastrointestinal (GI) endocrine cells in various parts of the gastrointestinal track (GIT) of four reptiles, Gekko japonicus, Eumeces chinensis, Sphenomorphus indicus and Eumeces elegans. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded sections (5 mum) of seven parts (cardia, fundus, ...
Kanou Y - - 2005
Highly invasive Helicobacter-like organisms were found in a 19-year-old female ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) with multiple ulcers in the fundic region of the stomach. The bacteria, resembling Helicobacter heilmannii, were located largely within canaliculi or in the cytosol of parietal cells. Except in the ulcerative lesions, parietal cells were hyperplastic, while ...
Masuda Seiko - - 2005
The secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) family in mammals contains more than 10 enzymes. In this study, we examined by immunohistochemistry the localization of six sPLA2s (IIA, IID, IIE, IIF, V and X) in human heart, kidney, liver and stomach. In normal hearts, sPLA2-IIA was detected in coronary vascular smooth muscle ...
Ku Sae Kwang - - 2005
The changes on the regional distributions and frequencies of two types of chromogranin, chromogranin A (CGA) and bovine Sp-1 chromogranin (BCG)-immunoreactive (IR) cells in gastrointestinal (GI) tract of osteoporotic Sprague-Dawley rat induced by ovariectomy were studied by immunohistochemical methods. The experimental animals were divided into two groups, one is non-ovariectomized ...
Tanaka Risa - - 2005
The interaction between CPT-11 and oxaliplatin, a new platinum derivative that has a great antitumor activity against colon cancer, has not been determined in gastric cancer cells. In this study, we investigated in vitro cytotoxic activity of oxaliplatin alone or in combination with SN-38, an active metabolite of CPT-11, using ...
Liu Y - - 2005
Gastrin G cells and somatostatin D cells are important regulators of gastric acid secretion and alterations in their relative numbers may play a key role in gastroduodenal disease. To investigate the effect of Helicobacter pylori infection on the density of immunoreactive G and D cells in gastric antral and corpus ...
Kawamura Yuki I - - 2005
The Sd(a) blood group carbohydrate structure is expressed in the normal gastrointestinal mucosa. We reported previously that the expression of Sd(a) carbohydrate structures and beta1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (beta1,4GalNAcT) activity responsible for Sd(a) synthesis were remarkably decreased in cancer lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we found that Sd(a) antigen was ...
Susaki Etsuko - - 2005
Apelin is a recently discovered peptide that is the endogenous ligand for the APJ receptor. Apelin is produced in the central nervous system, heart, lung, mammary gland and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The aim of this study was to identify by immunohistochemistry (IHC) cell types in the rat stomach that produce ...
Hayama Masayoshi - - 2005
We investigated the effect of H. pylori infection on cell proliferation of gastric mucosa using immunostaining for H. pylori or Ki67. H. pylori cells attached to surface mucous cells covering luminal surface and the upper part of gastric foveolae, and up-regulated the proliferative activity of gastric epithelial cells without adhering ...
Beswick Ellen J - - 2005
CD74, or the class II MHC-associated invariant chain, is best known for the regulation of Ag presentation. However, recent studies have suggested other important roles for this protein in inflammation and cancer studies. We have shown that CD74 is expressed on the surface of gastric cells, and Helicobacter pylori can ...
Nishi Takayuki - - 2005
PURPOSE: Long-term administration of PPI causes hyperplastic changes of the gastric parietal cells; however, the detailed mechanism remains to be clarified. We administered high-dose omeprazole to patients with Barrett's esophagus for 2 years, and investigated changes in gastric ECL (Enterochromaffin-like) cells using endoscopic biopsy specimens to clarify the etiology of ...
Tochigi Naobumi - - 2006
Gastric choriocarcinoma is a highly aggressive carcinoma, most probably originating from somatic cells in the gastric mucosal layer. We herein investigated the regulatory role of hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4alpha, a transcriptional regulator expressed in non-neoplastic and neoplastic gastric tissues, on functions of gastric choriocarcinoma cells. HNF-4alpha cDNA was stably transfected ...
Yokoyama Kazuyuki - - 2005
Chronic infection with cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori is associated with the development of atrophic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric adenocarcinoma. The cagA gene product CagA is injected into gastric epithelial cells, where it undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation by Src family kinases. Translocated CagA disturbs cellular functions by physically interacting with and deregulating ...
Fossmark Reidar - - 2005
The role of enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells in gastric carcinogenesis is not fully understood. Spontaneous tumours developing in hypergastrinemic female cotton rats have an adenocarcinoma phenotype, but numerous cells in the dysplastic mucosa as well as in the carcinomas are positive for neuroendocrine markers. In the present study of female cotton ...
Yanagisawa Naoko - - 2005
Gastric and enteric Helicobacter species have been associated with malignant and inflammatory diseases of the stomach, liver, gall bladder and intestine. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in degradation of extracellular matrix, which allows bacteria to come in contact with and interact with the cells. Enhanced level of MMPs facilitates metastasis and ...
Xia Harry Hua-Xiang - - 2005
AIM: Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) is associated with increased gastric inflammatory and epithelial expression of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and gastric epithelial cell proliferation. This study aimed at determining whether H pylori directly stimulates release of MIF in monocytes, whether the cag pathogenicity island (PAI) is involved for this ...
Marcos Z - - 2005
The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is one of the most likely entry sites for the pathological isoform of prions (PrP(sc)). To understand how PrP(sc) crosses the digestive mucosa, it is crucial to characterize the cells expressing normal prion protein (PrP(c)). By means of double immunofluorescence applied to sections of the monkey ...
Otsuka Takafumi - - 2005
Intestinal metaplasia (IM) in the human stomach has previously been classified into a gastric and intestinal mixed (GI-IM) and a solely intestinal phenotype (I-IM). The phenotypes of mucous and endocrine cells were evaluated in 3034 glandular ducts associated with chronic gastritis. In the pyloric region, the relative expression of gastric ...
Tanaka-Shintani Michiko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin is a novel 28-amino-acid peptide isolated from rat and human stomach. This peptide is an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor and stimulates the release of growth hormones. Although the principal site of ghrelin synthesis has been reported to be in the stomach, there have been ...
Oksanen A - - 2005
Both Helicobacter pylori and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) may cause inflammation in cardiac mucosa. Intestinal metaplasia (IM) is found more often in GORD associated inflammation than in inflammation caused by H pylori, especially in young individuals. To examine morphological differences in chronic inflammation in these two conditions by immunohistochemistry. Tissue ...
Ku Sae-Kwang - - 2005
AIM: The regional distributions and relative frequencies of some gastric endocrine cells of C57BL/6 mice were studied by immunohistochemical method using seven types of specific antisera against chromogranin A (CGA), serotonin, somatostatin, gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK)-8, glucagon and human pancreatic polypeptide (HPP) after subcutaneous implantation of murine lung carcinoma (3LL) cells. ...
Kamisaka Yuko - - 2005
The mRNA of the peptide hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) was isolated from juvenile Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus, by RT-PCR. The open reading frame encodes a 137 amino acid-long precursor protein. The peptide sequence of herring CCK-8, DYMGWMDF, is identical to that of higher vertebrates and elasmobranchs, and contains methionine in the ...
Jang Jin-Young - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the effects of gastrin and cholecystokinin (CCK) and their specific antagonists on the growth of pancreatic and biliary tract cancer cell lines. METHODS: Five pancreatic and 6 biliary cancer cell lines with 2 conrtol cells were used in this study. Cell proliferation study was done using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl ...
Enarsson Karin - - 2005
Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with pronounced infiltration of granulocytes and lymphocytes into the gastric mucosa, resulting in active chronic gastritis that may develop into duodenal ulcer disease or gastric adenocarcinoma. Infiltrating T cells play a major role in the pathology of these diseases, but the signals involved in recruitment ...
He Mei-Rong - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the relationship between gastric dysmotility, gastrointestinal hormone abnormalities, and neuroendocrine cells in gastrointestinal mucosa in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). METHODS: Gastric emptying was assessed with solid radiopaque markers in 54 FD patients, and the patients were divided into two groups according to the results, one with ...
Quinn J G - - 2005
WE-14, a post-translational product of the neuroendocrine protein chromogranin A (CgA), is generated in distinct subpopulations of endocrine cells. The objective of this study was to investigate the generation of WE-14 in the endocrine cell types of the oxyntic mucosa of the stomach, after treatment with reserpine, an irreversible inhibitor ...
MineYaman
The regional distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells was studied immuohistochemically in the gastrointestinal tract of the frog, Rana ridibunda, using antisera against serotonin, somatostatin-14, cholecystokinin and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide. These immunoreactive cells were located in the gastric glands of stomach and in the intestinal epithelium with variable frequencies. ...
Torbergsen K - - 2005
The oxyntic mucosa of rat and mouse stomach harbors histamine-producing ECL cells and ghrelin-producing A-like cells. The ECL cells are known to be active when the circulating gastrin levels are elevated in response to food intake. The A-like cells are the main source of circulating ghrelin. In response to starvation, ...
Chailler Pierre - - 2005
The unavailability of human cell lines representative of the gastric glandular epithelium while able to form a functional barrier restricts the application of a cell culture approach to the field of gastric epithelial physiology. In the current study, we have characterized new non-transfected clones isolated from gastric carcinoma cell lines ...
Oh David S - - 2005
The gastric enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell plays a major role in the regulation of gastric acid secretion. We have previously described that Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide (PACAP) is present on myenteric neurons in the rat and colocalizes with its high-affinity receptor, PAC1, expressed on the surface of gastric ECL cells. The ...
Matsukawa Akihiro - - 2005
A case of an unusual variant of fundic gland polyp (FGP) composed of chief cell hyperplasia with structural and nuclear atypia in an 87-year-old woman is presented. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a sessile polyp in the cardia/ corpus transition zone and a polypoid lesion in the fundus. Histologically, the polyp in ...
Calabro Concetta - - 2005
Glycosaminoglycans and NO synthase probably regulate mucous cell secretion in the skin of Tapes philippinarum. We have demonstrated the presence of "protein" cells, "glycogen" cells, "phenol" cells and five types of mucous cells, with different chemical composition of the mucus in the mantle epithelium of T. philippinarum. The foot epithelium ...
Torres, Victor J
Experimental and epidemiological studies have suggested that the vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) is an important H. pylori virulence factor that contributes to the development of peptic ulceration and gastric adenocarcinoma. VacA produces a variety of structural and functional changes in eukaryotic cells, many of which are dependent on its ability to ...
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