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Results 251 - 300 of 1769
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Enarsson Karin - - 2007
Cell-mediated immunity is thought to be the main mechanism of anti-tumour responses of the host, but it is not known if cancer disease affects T cell recruitment from blood to tissues. Therefore, we compared Heliobacter pylori-induced T cell transendothelial migration (TEM) in H. pylori-infected gastric carcinoma patients, colon and lung ...
SapierzyƄski R - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Candidatus Helicobacter suis (CHS) and other Helicobacter sp. different from Candidatus Helicobacter suis (non-Candidatus Helicobacter suis, non-CHS) infection on the number of endocrine G and D cells and G/D cells ratio in antral gastric mucosa in swine. Twenty ...
Krueger Sabine - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori infection is related to the development of diverse gastric pathologies, possibly by affecting epithelial junctional complexes that define cell polarity and play an essential role in transepithelial transport and cell-cell adhesion. Using primary gastric epithelial cell cultures, effects of H. pylori on the expression and localization of tight/adherence ...
Kajikawa Hirokazu - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIM: Recently, it has been shown that serine proteases derived from microorganisms stimulate epithelial cells to produce inflammatory mediators through protease-activated receptor (PAR). We investigated the involvement of PAR2 in the interleukin (IL)-8 production by Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human gastric epithelial cells, MKN45 cells, were ...
Sfakianakis George - - 2007
Iodine-131 ((131)I) administered to patients for imaging or treatment, concentrates in the gastrointestinal tract, including the salivary glands, stomach and bowel. In Nuclear Medicine practice this biological property of iodine causes side effects when the therapeutic dose of (131)I is large. This occurs during the treatment of patients with differentiated ...
Guo Junming - - 2007
Aloe-emodin is a novel active compound found in the root and rhizome of Rheum palmatum. To investigate the effects and mechanisms of aloe-emodin on human gastric cancer, MGC-803 cells were treated with 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 microM aloe-emodin for 1-5 d. The results showed that aloe-emodin inhibited the ...
Baek Hye Yeon - - 2007
The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) translocates the CagA protein into epithelial cells by a type IV secretion process. Upon translocation into the host cell cytosol, CagA undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation. Phosphorylation of CagA occurs within the C terminus of the protein and is mediated by members of the Src ...
Wang Jide - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: FHL2 (4-1/2 LIM protein 2) is an adapter and modifier in protein interactions that is expressed mainly in the heart and ovary. It functions in a cell type- or promoter-specific manner. The aims of this study were to examine its expression in gastrointestinal cancers and to determine ...
Suzuki Kazufumi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Trefoil factor 2 (TFF2) is localized in gastric gland mucous cells. The purpose of the study was to determine whether TFF2 and gastric mucin are localized in mucous cells and in the surface mucous gel layer (SMGL) of the normal gastric mucosa or in the mucoid cap adherent to ...
Banerjee S - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Serotonin is an important neuroendocrine transmitter participating in the control of colonic motor activity through neural and biochemical mechanisms in the Enteric Nervous System (ENS). A possible pathophysiological factor for diverticular disease (DD) is altered colonic motility. The study compared the distribution of serotonin cells (SC) in the colonic ...
Medina Vanina - - 2006
Histamine is a biogenic amine responsible for multiple biological actions including regulation of physiological functions of mammary gland. It has been postulated that histamine plays a critical role in proliferation of normal and cancer cells. To investigate the biological responses that histamine exerts in malignant cells derived from human mammary ...
Itoh Keisuke - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Epithelial-mesenchymal interactions are important for maintenance of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa. Moreover, diffusible factors from the underlying mesenchyme control the proliferation and differentiation of the epithelial cells. However, the details of the associated signaling remain unknown. METHODS: Two novel cell lines, designated MSE1 (mouse stomach epithelium) and MSMF1 (mouse ...
Jain Renu N - - 2006
Gastrin is the principal hormonal inducer of gastric acid secretion. The cellular targets for gastrin in the stomach are the acid-secreting parietal cell and histamine-producing enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell. Gastrin is also a growth factor, with hypergastrinemia resulting in increased proliferation of gastric progenitor cells and a thickened mucosa. This review ...
Shiozaki Atsushi - - 2006
Furosemide, a blocker of Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC), is often used as a diuretic to improve edema, ascites, and pleural effusion of patients with cancers. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether an NKCC blocker affects cancer cell growth. If so, we would clarify the mechanism of this ...
Xin Lin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Methionine dependence is a feature unique to cancer cells, exhibited as inability to grow in a methionine-depleted environment supplemented with homocysteine, the immediate metabolic precursor of methionine. However, the molecular mechanisms by which methionine restriction inhibits cancer cells growth have not been elucidated. The effect of methionine restriction on ...
Nersesyan Armen - - 2006
Micronuclei in exfoliated epithelial cells are widely used as biomarkers of cancer risk in humans. To elucidate the effect of different staining procedures on the outcome of such investigation, we conducted a study in which the micronuclei frequencies in oral mucosa cells of heavy smokers (n = 20) and nonsmokers ...
Cho K H - - 2006
The distribution and density of gastric endocrine cells in Balb/c mice bearing CT-26 carcinoma cells were studied immunohistochemically employing specific antisera against serotonin, somatostatin, glucagon, gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK)-8 and human pancreatic polypeptide (hPP). The animals were divided into two groups, a non-implanted sham group and a CT-26 carcinoma cell-implanted group. ...
Takenaka Yoshiharu - - 2006
Intestinal metaplasia has been investigated extensively as a possible premalignant condition for stomach cancer but its pathogenesis is still not fully understood. In the present study, we examined the relationship between endocrine and mucous cell marker expression periodically after Helicobacter pylori infection in the Mongolian gerbil model. The numbers of ...
Chen Yet-Ran - - 2006
Gastric cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, and patients have an overall 5-year survival rate of less than 10%. Using quantitative proteomic techniques together with microarray chips, we have established comprehensive proteome and transcriptome profiles of the metastatic gastric cancer TMC-1 cells and the noninvasive gastric cancer SC-M1 ...
Lai Yo-Ping - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has shown that Helicobacter pylori CagA protein translocation into gastric epithelial cells plays an important role in the development of gastric inflammation and malignancy. Translocated CagA undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation in gastric adenocarcinoma cell line cells, and CagA involves disruption of cellular apical-junction complex in Madin-Darby canine kidney ...
Terebiznik M R - - 2006
Helicobacter pylori colonizes the gastric epithelium of at least 50% of the world's human population, playing a causative role in the development of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric adenocarcinoma. Current evidence indicates that H. pylori can invade epithelial cells in the gastric mucosa. However, relatively little is known about ...
Oliveira Maria J - - 2006
Helicobacter pylori interacts with gastric epithelial cells, activating signaling pathways important for carcinogenesis. In this study we examined the role of H. pylori on cell invasion and the molecular mechanisms underlying this process. The relevance of H. pylori cag pathogenicity island-encoded type IV secretion system (T4SS), CagA, and VacA for ...
Li Chun-Hui CH Department of Pathology, Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College, Chengde 067000, Hebei Province, China. - - 2006
To study the morphological positive expression of antrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-synthesizing cells and ultrastructural localization and the relationship between ANP-synthesizing cells and microvessel density in the stomach of rats and to analyze the distribution of the three histologically distinct regions of ANP-synthesizing cells. Using immunohistochemical techniques, we studied positive expression ...
Hatakeyama Masanori - - 2006
Infection with cagA-positive Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is associated with the development of gastric adenocarcinoma. The cagA gene product CagA is delivered from the bacterium into the cytoplasm of the bacterium-attached gastric epithelial cell via the type-IV secretion system. Upon membrane localization and subsequent tyrosine phosphorylation by Src family kinases, ...
Rutten, Michael J.
We have developed a method for the isolation and growth of normal human gastric mucous epithelial cells using biopsies or surgically resected tissues as the source of the cells. The attachment and growth of cells were dependent upon: (1) cell planting density, ∼50,000 cells/cm 2 ; (2) extracellular matrix (fibronectin); ...
Tang Rui - - 2006
In this preliminary study, we evaluated the impact of hyperthermia (HT) and hyperthermic chemotherapy (HTCT) on six human gastric cancer cell lines and explored the mechanisms of cell-killing effect under HTCT. Treatment conditions were categorized into 4 modes: i) normothermic control (NT), ii) HT, iii) normothermic chemotherapy (NTCT) and iv) ...
Sarkar Nita - - 2006
Posterior cerebellar lesion induced severe focal inflammatory ulcers at the stomach associated with extensive damage of the surface epithelial cells, leading to focal necrotic ulcers. The ulcer index increased maximally and progressively between day 7 and day 14 after lesion. The total mucosal mast cell and degranulated mucosal mast cell ...
Olguín-Martínez Marisela - - 2006
We have characterized an experimental model of ethanol-induced chronic gastritis in which a compensatory mucosal cell proliferation is apparently regulated by lipoperoxidative events. Therefore, the present study is an attempt to further assess the participation of oxidant stress during gastric mucosa proliferation, by administering alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) to rats with ...
Hall A J - - 2006
The study objective was to characterize the AGS human gastric mucosal cell line as a model for estimating gastrointestinal toxicity of COX-inhibiting compounds. Rofecoxib, celecoxib, nimesulide, ibuprofen, indomethacin, aspirin, salicylic acid, naproxen and acetaminophen were tested for inhibition of COX-2-mediated prostaglandin E2 synthesis in A549 and AGS cells. The IC50 ...
Ocal N - - 2006
In this report, the late clinical, necropsy, and histopathological findings of idiopathic gastric stasis in an ostrich are described, with special attention to the proventriculus. An ostrich with clinical signs of gastric stasis was brought to our clinic in a state of impending death that could not be reversed with ...
Bleuming S A - - 2006
Morphogens regulate epithelial cell fate decisions in the adult gastrointestinal tract. The authors hypothesized that influx of inflammatory cells into the lamina propria may disturb the normal expression gradients of morphogens (morphogenetic landscape) in gastrointestinal epithelia. Changes in the activity of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) pathway in normal and ...
Ikehara Yuzuru - - 2006
beta1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase III (beta4GalNAc-T3), which was recently cloned and identified, exhibits GalNAc transferase activity toward a GlcNAcbeta residue with beta1,4-linkage, forming the N,N'-diacetyllactosediamine, GalNAcbeta1,4GlcNAc (LacdiNAc or LDN). Though LacdiNAc has not been found in the gastric mucosa, a large amount of transcript was detected in our previous study. To increase our ...
Oliva-Hemker M - - 2006
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type I (APS I) is characterized by multiple endocrine gland failures, with other manifestations such as gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. The objective of the study was to study the histopathological and immunological findings in the GI mucosa of a patient with typical features of APS I, malabsorption, and ...
Rehfeld Jens F - - 2006
The homologous brain-gut propeptides, procholecystokinin (proCCK) and progastrin, both undergo extensive posttranslational maturation in specific neuroendocrine cells. The process comprises multiple endoproteolytic cleavages at mono- and dibasic sites, in addition to exoproteolytic trimmings and amino acid derivatizations. Knockout of prohormone convertases (PCs) in mice and studies in cell lines indicate ...
Kim Sang Soo - - 2006
We have shown that loss of ELF, a stem cell adaptor protein, disrupts TGF-beta signaling through Smad3 and Smad4 localization. Notably elf(+/-)/smad4(+/-) mice develop gastric cancer presenting this as an important model for analyzing molecular event in gastric carcinogenesis. To gain further insight into the functional role of ELF in ...
Osawa Hiroyuki - - 2006
Sonic Hedgehog (Shh), a member of hedgehog peptides family, is expressed in gastric gland epithelium. To elucidate Shh function to gastric mucosal cells, we examined the effect of Shh on the proliferation of a rat normal gastric mucosal cell line, RGM-1. RGM-1 cells express essential components of Shh receptor system, ...
Ni Zhanglin Z Departments of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2006
Gastric epithelial cells liberate prostaglandin E(2) in response to cytokines as part of the process of healing of gastric lesions. Treatment of the rat gastric epithelial cell line RGM1 with transforming growth factor-alpha and interleukin-1beta leads to synergistic release of arachidonate and production of prostaglandin E(2). Results with highly specific ...
Ku S K - - 2006
The distributions and frequencies of some endocrine cells in the eight portions of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract - fundus, pylorus, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, colon and rectum of the nude mouse, Balb/c-nu/nu were studied with immunohistochemical method using six types of anti-sera against serotonin, gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK)-8, somatostatin, glucagon and ...
Gustafsson Björn I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Enterochromaffin (EC) cells in the gastrointestinal tract have an important function as regulators of secretion, motility and sensation. The EC cell has traditionally been described as bottle-shaped, with basally located stores of serotonin. Stimuli acting on the apical membrane trigger serotonin release, which in turn activates the subepithelial sensory ...
O'Brien Daniel P - - 2006
Persistent gastritis induced by Helicobacter pylori is the strongest known risk factor for peptic ulcer disease and distal gastric adenocarcinoma, a process for which adherence of H. pylori to gastric epithelial cells is critical. Decay-accelerating factor (DAF), a protein that protects epithelial cells from complement-mediated lysis, also functions as a ...
Modlin Irvin M - - 2006
CONTEXT: Neuroendocrine regulation of small intestinal (SI) function is poorly understood because pure neuroendocrine cells are unavailable, whereas the biological basis of SI carcinoid tumors is unknown because neoplastic human enterochromaffin (EC) cells are unavailable. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to define the secretory regulation and transcriptome of ...
Ogawa Masako - - 2006
Atrophic gastritis, characterized as parietal cell loss or oxyntic atrophy, is the primary event in the evolution of the spectrum of metaplastic and hyperplastic lineage changes thought to predispose to gastric neoplasia. A number of animal models have provided insights into the lineage changes induced by oxyntic atrophy. Recently, we ...
Huang Zong-hai - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) on MGC-803 human gastric cancer cells in vitro. METHODS: MGC-803 human gastric cancer cells were treated with 5-ALA at various concentrations followed by laser irradiation. The cells were also treated with 5-ALA at the same concentration before laser ...
Kidd M - - 2006
Although the enterochromaffin (EC) cell is one of the primary neuroendocrine regulatory cells of the small intestine, the lack of a purified cell system has precluded characterization of the cell and limited precise physiological evaluation. We developed methodology to obtain a pure population of Mastomys ileal EC cells, evaluated their ...
Li Chun-hui - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the ultrastructural localization of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-synthesizing cells and the relationship between ANP-synthesizing cells and microvessels in rat gastric mucosa. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry techniques and postembedding immunoelectron microscopy techniques were used to validate the findings regarding the expression of ANP-synthesizing cells and the ultrastructural localization of ANP-synthesizing ...
El-Omar E M - - 2006
Eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection leads to recovery of gastric acid secretion in some individuals but the mechanism is not fully understood. In the short term, there is an impressive increase in expression of H+/K+-ATPase pumps without an increase in the number of parietal cells. Longer follow up studies are ...
Fink C - - 2006
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT), a regulatory amine of mucosal enterochromaffin cells plays an important role in the control of gastrointestinal smooth muscle contraction and epithelial secretion. Serotonin has also been associated with gastric ulcers, diarrhoea and abdominal pain. In spite of the high incidence of these gastrointestinal disorders in newborn foals ...
Matsunobu Tetsuro - - 2006
The keratinocyte growth factor receptor, also known as KGFR/FGFR2 IIIb, is mainly localized in epithelial cells, and participates in the proliferation of these cells. In contrast, a recent study has revealed that the overexpression of KGFR in salivary adenocarcinoma induces growth inhibition, cell differentiation and apoptosis. We attempted to clarify ...
Tokita Hiromi - - 2006
Vitamin K2 (VK2) has a growth inhibitory effect on various types of cancer cells in vitro, and its efficacy has been demonstrated in clinical applications in a number of patients with leukemia and hepatocellular carcinoma. In this study, the effect of cell growth inhibition and apoptosis induction and the concomitant ...
Lambrecht Nils W G - - 2006
The gastric entero-chromaffin-like (ECL) cell plays a key regulatory role in peripheral regulation of acid secretion due to the release of histamine that stimulates acid secretion by the parietal cell. Studies in intact animals, gastric glands, and isolated cells after short-term culture have shown expression of stimulatory CCK2 and PAC1 ...
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