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Results 201 - 250 of 1769
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Lee Jeong-Hyung - - 2008
Two human gastric cancer cell lines of differing invasive potential, SNU-484 and SNU-638 cells, were examined using subtractive suppression hybridization in a search for any genes associated with metastasis. Of the eight cDNAs identified as being differentially expressed genes, it was determined that humbug, which encodes a truncated isoform of ...
Manente L - - 2008
In this study, we have evaluated the effects on cell cycle regulation of VacA alone and in combination with other two Helicobacter pylori proteins, cytotoxin-associated protein (CagA) and HspB, using the human gastric epithelial cells (AGS). Our results indicate that VacA alone was able to inhibit the G1 to S ...
Tsai Ming-Fung - - 2008
Different degrees (between 20 and 75%) of methacrylate-grafted chondroitin sulfate (CS-MA) were synthesized. These CS-MA macromers were further copolymerized with acrylic acid (AA) at the molar ratio of 1 to 5 to form hydrogels. The sol percents of these CS-MA-AA hydrogels decreased and the cross-linking densities were studied with respect ...
Aoyama Fumiyo - - 2008
It is clinicopathologically important to elucidate the cell kinetics for the maintenance of normal gastric epithelium. In a rat gastric mucosa isolated after stimulation, a number of cells were exfoliated into the gastric lumen of the pit region. The present study was undertaken to clarify the origin of exfoliated cells ...
Xia Guoqing - - 2008
Helicobacter pylori are bacteria that colonize the stomach persistently, which confers risk of serious diseases, including peptic ulceration and gastric neoplasia. Aberrant expression of cell cycle control proteins has been demonstrated in H. pylori infected gastric epithelial cells, suggesting that perturbation of the cell cycle plays a role in the ...
Patel Bhavik Anil - - 2008
Serotonin (5-HT) and melatonin (MEL) are well known neurotransmitters and paracrine signalling molecules. Both compounds are present in enterochromaffin (EC) cells in the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract and are thought to play a role in controlling gut motility. To date there are no real-time analytical methods for the detection ...
Argent Richard H - - 2008
The Helicobacter pylori virulence factors CagA and VacA are implicated in the development of gastroduodenal diseases. Most strains possessing CagA also possess the more virulent vacuolating form of VacA. This study assessed the significance of possession of both virulence factors in terms of their effect on gastric epithelial cells, using ...
Hatakeyama Masanori - - 2008
Much attention has recently been given to the role of the Helicobacter pylori CagA protein, the only as yet identified H. pylori protein that is delivered into the host gastric epithelial cells by a type IV secretion system, in the development of H. pylori-associated diseases, including gastric carcinoma. This review ...
Tétreault Marie-Pier - - 2008
Restitution is a crucial event during the healing of superficial injury of the gastric mucosa involving epithelial cell sheet movement into the damaged area. We demonstrated that growth factors promote the restitution of human gastric epithelial cells. However, the intracellular signaling pathways that transmit extracellular cues as well as regulate ...
Fujiyoshi Y - - 2008
AIMS: To investigate neuroendocrine (NE) differentiation in gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) using chromogranin A (CgA) as an indicator of a well-differentiated NE phenotype and to determine its relationship to cell type, stage and prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: 102 SRCCs were categorized into five subtypes according to the predominant ...
Todorović Vera - - 2008
Numerous reports have described gastric mucosal injury in rats treated with high ethanol concentrations. However, to the best of our knowledge, ultrastructural characteristics of G cells and antral gastrin levels have not been previously reported, either in rats that chronically consumed alcohol or in human alcoholics. The goal of this ...
Lagapa J T - - 2008
Fate and proliferation of gastric mucosal cells during hyperplasia of Taenia taeniaeformis eggs inoculated Wistar rats were investigated using PCNA immunohistochemistry, BrdU labeling and other histopathologic staining techniques. Results revealed marked cell proliferation in gastric corpus and antral mucosa of infected rats as evidenced by increased lengths of proliferative zones ...
Watanabe Kanako - - 2008
The present study investigated proliferation of MKN28 and MKN45 human gastric cancer cells regulated by the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit. The NMDA receptor antagonist dl-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (AP5) inhibited proliferation of MKN45 cells, but not MKN28 cells. Of the NMDA subunits such as NR1, NR2 (2A, 2B, 2C, and 2D), and ...
Ericsson, Peter
The ECL cells constitute the major endocrine cell population in the acid-producing part of the stomach. Gastrin from G cells in the antrum is the main stimulus of gastric acid secretion. Gastrin stimulates the ECL cells in the oxyntic mucosa to mobilize histamine, which in turn stimulates the parietal cells ...
Rubio Carlos A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pyloric cells with "glassy" cytoplasm were detected 20 years ago in the human gastric mucosa, and subsequently in the gastric mucosa of two baboons and of transgenic mice. These pyloric cells, called glassy cells (GCs) show a homogeneous, eosinophilic material that pushes the nucleous towards the free border of ...
He Qing - - 2008
Although thiazolidinediones (TZDs) were found to be ligands for peroxisome proliferators-activated receptorgamma (PPARgamma), the mechanism by which TZDs exert their anticancer effect remains unclear. Furthermore, the effect of TZDs on metastatic and angiogenesis potential of cancer cells is unknown. Our results in this paper show that rosiglitazone inhibited SGC-7901 gastric ...
Kokubu Hiroshi - - 2008
In the epithelium of the developing glandular stomach, neuroendocrine cells differentiate from common progenitors, but the mechanism of how these cells are specified remains to be determined. Here, we show that the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) gene, mammalian achaete-scute homologue 1 (Mash1), is highly expressed in the glandular stomach epithelium. In ...
Rosso Marisa - - 2008
It has been demonstrated that substance P (SP) and neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor antagonist L-733,060 induces cell proliferation and inhibition, respectively, in several human cancer cell lines. At present, it is unknown whether such actions are exerted on human gastric and colon adenocarcinomas. We carried out an in vitro study of ...
Rindi Guido - - 2007
Non-neoplastic proliferative lesions of endocrine cells have been described throughout the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. A multistep continuum from hyperplasia and dysplasia to neoplasia originally was identified and systematically defined for histamine-producing enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells of the gastric corpus. More recently, a similar classification system was devised for gastrin (G)- ...
Shimokawa Osamu - - 2008
N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) induces gastric cancer in animal models. We established an MNNG-induced mutant of the rat murine RGM-1 gastric epithelial cell line, which we named RGK-1, that could be used as an in vitro model of gastric cancer. This cell line showed signs of neoplasia and transformation, in that it ...
Tao Ran - - 2007
AIM: To explore the effects of H pylori infection on gap-junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and proliferation of gastric epithelial cells in vitro. METHODS: A human gastric epithelial cell line (SGC-7901) cultured on coverslips was exposed overnight to intact H pylori (CagA(+) or CagA(-) strains) and sonicated extracts, respectively. GJIC between ...
Zhao Chun-Mei - - 2008
The gastrin-enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell-parietal cell axis is known to play an important role in the regulation of gastric acid secretion. Somatostatin, acting on somatostatin receptor type 2 (SSTR(2)), interferes with this axis by suppressing the activity of the gastrin cells, ECL cells, and parietal cells. Surprisingly, however, freely fed SSTR(2) ...
Kaeffer Bertrand - - 2007
To gain insight into specific gene expression in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of preterm infants, we adapted a method to isolate exfoliated epithelial cells. Gastric residual fluid aspirates (n = 89) or stool samples (n = 10) were collected from 96 neonates (gestational age, 24-36 wk). Cells were characterized by ...
Nakamura Masahiko - - 2007
Lansoprazole uptake sites by two kinds of autoradiographic procedures were compared with recent literature. The uptake sites have been seen in the Helicobacter pylori, colonic epithelial cells, inflammatory cells, peripheral autonomic nerves and enterochromaffinlike cells as well as gastric parietal cells. Each uptake sites corresponded to the reported localization of ...
Atsumi Tomoaki - - 2007
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) contribute to the loss of cell-cell contact and the round cell shape characteristic of poorly differentiated gastric cancer. In the present study it is demonstrated that phospho-p38 MAPK level significantly increased in poorly differentiated gastric cancers in comparison to differentiated cancers and normal gastric mucosa ...
Hass Nicole - - 2007
In the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, a variety of digestive processes are continually adapted to the changing composition of ingested foods, which requires a precise chemosensory monitoring of luminal contents. Gustducin-expressing brush cells scattered throughout the GI mucosa are considered candidate sensory cells for accomplishing this task. In this study, we ...
Hirschowitz B I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chromogranin has been proposed as a marker for gastrin-dependent enterochromaffin-like cell proliferation. AIM: To examine this question in three populations: acid hypersecretors with gastrinoma (Zollinger-Ellison), or without gastrinoma (non-Zollinger-Ellison), and also in pernicious anaemia with achlorhydria-caused hypergastrinaemia. METHODS: We measured serum chromogranin, gastrin, gastric secretion and counted and quantified ...
Tanaka-Shintani Michiko - - 2007
Enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell has been identified as the histamine-containing argyrophil cell in rat gastric mucosa and vigorously studied. However, there are few reports of the distribution of ECL cell in human stomach. The aim of the present study was to determine the precise distribution of ECL cell by immunohistochemical staining ...
Hauso Ø - - 2007
We have recently developed a new method for visualisation of gut mucosal cells and demonstrated that enterochromaffin (EC) and enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells possess cytoplasmic extensions. The aim of the present study was to characterise the morphology of D- and G-cells. The D-cells in the stomach differed morphologically from intestinal D-cells, ...
Malmhäll C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: T-regulatory cells (Treg) affect the balance of T(H)2 and T(H)1 cells. Treg, T(H)2 and T(H)1 cells are regulated by the FOXP3, GATA-3 and T-bet transcription factors respectively. Our aim was to determine the number of FOXP3(+), GATA-3(+) and T-bet(+) cells in nasal mucosa in symptom-free allergic rhinitis (AR) patients ...
Yonezawa Daiki - - 2007
We investigated effect of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) on oxidative stress-caused cell death in gastric mucosal epithelial cells. In rat normal gastric epithelial RGM1 cells, NaHS, a H(2)S donor, at 1.5mM strongly suppressed hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-caused cell death, while it slightly augmented the H(2)O(2) toxicity at 0.5-1mM. The protective effect of ...
Debnath Siddhartha - - 2007
The present study has been undertaken to observe the effect of aqueous extract of M. oleifera (MO) leaf (300mg/kg body weight) on mean ulcer index, enterochromaffin (EC) cells and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) content of ulcerated gastric tissue. Ulceration was induced by using aspirin (500 mg/kg, po), cerebellar nodular lesion and ...
Tsukamoto Tetsuya - - 2007
A case of adenocarcinoma with chief cell differentiation, a novel entity in the stomach, is presented. An 82-year-old woman who had undergone distal gastrectomy, was scheduled for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to clarify mechanical ileus. A protruding tumor 16 x 14 x 9 mm in size was found in the cardia ...
Lampiasi Nadia - - 2007
The role of mast cells in tumor growth is still controversial. In this study we analyzed the effects of both histamine and pre-formed mediators spontaneously released by mast cells on the growth of two human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, HA22T/VGH and HuH-6, with different characteristics of differentiation, biological behavior and ...
Nitsche Hildegard - - 2007
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-4 is an important regulator of cellular growth and differentiation. Expression of BMP-4 has been documented in the gastric mucosa. We reported that incubation of canine parietal cells with EGF for 72 h induced both parietal cell morphological transformation and inhibition of H(+)/K(+)-ATPase gene expression through MAPK-dependent ...
Endo Satoshi S Laboratory of Biochemistry, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Mitahora-higashi, Gifu 502-8585, Japan. - - 2007
A member of the aldo-keto reductase superfamily, AKR1C15, was isolated via cDNA cloning, but its physiological function remains unknown. Here, we show that recombinant AKR1C15 is an NADPH-dependent reductase with broad substrate specificity for aromatic, alicyclic and aliphatic carbonyl compounds, including acetoin, 2,5-hexanedione, methylglyoxal, farnesal, retinals, 17-ketosteroids and monosaccharides. Especially, ...
Yang Zhou - - 2007
Twist, a newly found EMT-inducer, has been reported to be up-regulated in those of diffuse-type gastric carcinomas with high N-cadherin level. We show here MKN45, a cell line derived from undifferentiated carcinomas cells, expresses high levels of Twist. Down-regulation of Twist, using an antisense Twist vector in MKN45 cells, inhibits ...
Saras Jan - - 2007
The peptide hormone somatostatin, as well as the somatostatin analog octreotide, induces rapid morphological changes in neuroendocrine cells. The effect can be detected in less than 2 min: retraction fibers are formed, cells round up and cell-cell contacts are broken. Somatostatin-dependent cell contraction is inhibited by Y-27632, indicating that this ...
Reyes-Leon Adriana - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori CagA is translocated into gastric epithelial cells by a type IV secretion system and interacts with the Src homology 2 phosphatase, altering cell morphology. Multiple EPIYA motifs in CagA are associated with increased activity in cells and with gastric cancer. The aim of this work was to study ...
Tsubokawa Daigo - - 2007
Mucin, a major component of mucus, is a highly O-glycosylated, high-molecular-mass glycoprotein extensively involved in the physiology of gastrointestinal mucosa. To detect and characterize mucins derived from site-specific mucous cells, we developed a monoclonal antibody, designated PGM34, by immunizing a mouse with purified pig gastric mucin. The reactivity of PGM34 ...
Nguyen Tom - - 2007
The precise role of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 in gastric ulcer healing is unknown. In experimental rat gastric ulcers, we examined expression of IGF-1 mRNA and protein by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunostaining, respectively. In cultured rat gastric epithelial RGM1 cells, we examined effects of ...
Cho Soo-Jeong - - 2007
Epidemiologic studies have shown that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs could reduce the risk of cancer development including gastric cancer. This study was performed to identify the antineoplastic mechanism in gastric cancer cells affected by celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor. MTT assay, ELISA for prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), cell-cycle analyses, immunofluorescent staining, and ...
Du Yiqi - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori activates extracellular-signal related (ERK) kinases in gastric epithelial cells, via transactivation of the EGF receptor (EGFR). H. pylori activation of EGFR may be relevant to epithelial hyperproliferation and gastric carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to develop an 'In-Cell Western' (ICW) assay for quantitative examination of H. ...
Takenaka Y - - 2007
We have previously suggested that an origin of a stomach cancer is from a progenitor cell specializing toward exocrine cell (Exo-cell) lineages. To clarify whether our hypothesis is correct or not, we analyzed the expression of Exo-cell and endocrine cell (End-cell) markers in a series of lesions for comparison. We ...
Braun Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Release of serotonin from mucosal enterochromaffin cells triggered by luminal substances is the key event in the regulation of gut motility and secretion. We were interested to know whether nasal olfactory receptors are also expressed in the human gut mucosa by enterochromaffin cells and whether their ligands ...
Ohi Satoshi - - 2007
We successfully established a spontaneously cisplatin-resistant tumor cell line (designated as IGSK-1) derived from original gastric carcinoma. The patient was a 75-year-old Japanese woman. The histopathological diagnosis was gastric poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma accompanied with metastatic foci in lymph nodes, pT3, N2 M0, stage IIIB. The IGSK-1 cells grew as adhesive ...
Kidd Mark - - 2007
Small intestinal carcinoids (SICs) are the most prevalent gastrointestinal carcinoid and characterized by local invasion metastasis and protean symptomatology. The proliferative and secretory regulation of the cell of origin, the enterochromaffin (EC) cell has not been characterized. The absence of either a pure preparation of normal EC cells or human ...
Zhang Jin Ping - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the inhibitory effects of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) on cell growth, cell cycle and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in the human gastric cancer cell line BGC-823 in vitro. METHODS: Human gastric cancer BGC-823 cells were treated with various concentrations of ATRA and the cell growth was ...
Kouznetsova Irina - - 2007
TFF3 (trefoil factor family 3), which is a major secretory product of the gastric antrum and the intestine, but which is nearly absent in the gastric corpus, plays a key role in the maintenance of mucosal integrity. Here, we have systematically investigated TFF3 expression in the esophagus and gastric cardia ...
Klöppel Günter - - 2007
This review focuses on precursor lesions of gastrointestinal and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). There are three conditions that are associated with hyperplastic changes in endocrine cells preceding GEP-NETs: autoimmune chronic atrophic gastritis or multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) with gastric enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell hyperplasia; MEN1 with gastrin and somatostatin ...
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