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Nishii Takafumi - - 2009
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered to be responsible for cancer metastasis, but the evidence to conclusively prove this hypothesis remains uncertain. The side population (SP), as evaluated by a flow cytometric analysis using Hoechst 33342, has been known as CSC-rich population. The aim of this study was to clarify ...
Nozaki Koji - - 2009
The orderly differentiation of cell lineages within gastric glands is regulated by a complicated interplay of local mucosal growth factors and hormones. Histamine secreted from enterochromaffin-like cells plays an important role in not only stimulated gastric acid secretion but also coordination of intramucosal growth and lineage differentiation. We have examined ...
Sakata Ichiro I Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75390-9077, - - 2009
Ghrelin is a hormone that influences many physiological processes and behaviors, such as food intake, insulin and growth hormone release, and a coordinated response to chronic stress. However, little is known about the molecular pathways governing ghrelin release and ghrelin cell function. To better study ghrelin cell physiology, we have ...
Zhang Siyuan - - 2009
RhoA, a member of the Rho GTPase family, has been extensively studied in the regulation of cytoskeletal dynamics, gene transcription, cell cycle progression, and cell transformation. Overexpression of RhoA is found in many malignancies and elevated RhoA activity is associated with proliferation phenotypes of cancer cells. We reported previously that ...
Lin Yu-Hsin - - 2009
The microorganism now known as Helicobacter pylori is considered to be an important factor in the etiology of peptic ulcers. It can secrete urease enzyme and buffer gastric acids to survive in the stomach. H. pylori can colonize the gastric mucosa and preferentially adheres near the cell-cell junctions of the ...
Ohsie Steven - - 2009
A generalized absence of enteroendocrine cells characterizes 2 diarrheal/malabsorptive diseases, namely, enteroendocrine cell dysgenesis and autoimmune polyglandular syndrome 1. However, it is not routine for pathologists to examine mucosal biopsies for enteroendocrine cells in cases of chronic diarrheal illness. Our primary aim was to prospectively examine colonic mucosa for loss ...
Tsolakis Apostolos V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Obestatin and ghrelin are derived from the same gene and co-expressed in the same endocrine cells. Vesicular monoamine transporter-2 (VMAT-2), a marker for enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, is considered to be expressed in ghrelin cells. The aim was to establish if the two peptides and the transporter are co-expressed, both ...
Xie Yubo - - 2009
E2F-1 plays a critical role in cell cycle regulation and other biological processes in cells. E2F-1 mediates apoptosis and suppresses tumorigenesis in many tissue types, but there are few data available on E2F-1 expression and its relationship to tumor kinetics in gastric cancer. To gain better insight into the involvement ...
Aksoy Abdulkerim - - 2009
The ontogeny and distribution of gastrin- and serotonin-immunoreactive (IR) cell in the proventriculus of chicks (Gallus gallus domestica, n = 60) in different growth periods was examined immunohistochemically using antisera specific to gastrin and serotonin. Gastrin and serotonin-IR cells were detected in chick proventriculus. Gastrin-IR cells were first evident after ...
Timurkaan, Sema; Department of ...
The endocrine cells of the proximal duodenum and fundus ventriculi of the citellus (Spermophilus xanthoprymnus) were investigated using the immunohistochemical method. Serotonin immunoreactive cells were located and distributed in the fundus and duodenum with variable frequencies. They were spherical or spindle-shaped and the highest frequency serotonin immunoreactive cells were detected ...
Nozawa Katsura - - 2009
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) is abundantly present throughout the gastrointestinal tract and stored mostly in enterochromaffin (EC) cells, which are located on the mucosal surface. 5-HT released from EC cells stimulate both intrinsic and extrinsic nerves, which results in various physiological and pathophysiological responses, such as gastrointestinal contractions. EC cells are ...
Na Di D Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning Province, - - 2009
To determine the inhibitory effect of Astragalus memebranaceushas on gastric cancer cell supernatant-induced apoptosis of human peritoneal mesothelial cells. Human peritoneal mesothelial cell (HPMC) line HMrSV5 was co-incubated with gastric cancer cell supernatant (MKN45) and/or Astragalus memebranaceushas. Morphological changes in gastric cancer cells were observed under phase-contrast microscope. Quantitative cell ...
Watanabe Tomoko - - 2009
Litttle is known about the function of aquaporin (AQP) water channels in human gastric cancer. In the upper or middle part of human stomach, we found that expression level of AQP5 protein in intestinal type of adenocarcinoma was significantly higher than that in accompanying normal mucosa. AQP5 was localized in ...
Machado-Santos Clarice - - 2009
The present study was conducted to clarify the influence of feeding habits on regional distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells secreting cholecystokinin (CCK), gastrin (GAS), serotonin (5-HT) and enteroglucagon (GLUC) in the nectarivorous Anoura geoffroyi and Glossophaga soricina and the sanguivorous Desmodus rotundus bats of the Phyllostomidae family, by ...
Ebert Constanze - - 2009
The rat pancreatic acinar tumour cell line AR42J is a widely used model to study the secretion, proliferation and differentiation of cells under the influence of hormones. These so-called amphicrine cells synthesize and secrete digestive enzymes as well as neuroendocrine peptides. They possess both subtypes of the highly glycosylated cholecystokinin ...
Fu Hua - - 2009
AIMS: Our current investigation attempts to study the role of the fascin1 gene in growth and metastasis of gastric cancer cell line MKN45. METHODS: Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was used to inhibit fascin1 expression in the human gastric cancer cell line MKN45. Expression of fascin1 in fascin1 siRNA transfected cells ...
Qi Chun-Jian - - 2009
A gastric cancer (GC) cell line, AGS, has high-level expression of CD40, a tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family member. CD40 is present on the surfaces of a large variety of cells, including B cells, endothelial cells, dendritic cells and some carcinoma cells, and delivers signals regulating diverse cellular responses, ...
Zhang Lin - - 2009
FBG2 (F-BOX6) gene is an important member in ubiquitin metabolic system F-BOX family, and forms E3 complex with the other members in the family. But its role in gastric cancer is still not clear. In the present study, we intended to investigate the influence of FBG2 on the growth, proliferation, ...
Wijnands L M - - 2009
AIMS: Model the number of viable vegetative cells of B. cereus surviving the gastric passage after experiments in simulated gastric conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The inactivation of stationary and exponential phase vegetative cells of twelve different strains of Bacillus cereus, both mesophilic and psychrotrophic strains isolated from food and faeces ...
Zhu Lixin - - 2009
ERM (ezrin, radixin, and moesin) proteins play critical roles in epithelial and endothelial cell polarity, among other functions. In gastric glands, ezrin is mainly expressed in acid-secreting parietal cells, but not in mucous neck cells or zymogenic chief cells. In looking for other ERM proteins, moesin was found lining the ...
O'Keeffe Joan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with development of chronic inflammation and infiltration of immune cells into the gastric mucosa. As unconventional T-lymphocytes expressing natural killer cell receptors are considered to play central roles in the immune response against infection, a study investigating their frequencies in normal and H. pylori-infected ...
Tashima Kimihito - - 2009
The physiology of gastric epithelial cells is often studied by using cancer cell lines, which may or may not provide information relevant to normal cells. Because few models exist to study chief cell physiology in vitro, our purpose was to develop primary cultured chief cells from rodent species that are ...
Xu Jie - - 2008
Slc26a9 is a recently identified anion transporter that is abundantly expressed in gastric epithelial cells. To study its role in stomach physiology, gene targeting was used to prepare mice lacking Slc26a9. Homozygous mutant (Slc26a9(-/-)) mice appeared healthy and displayed normal growth. Slc26a9 deletion resulted in the loss of gastric acid ...
Zhao Zheng - - 2008
Ghrelin was isolated as an endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue receptor from the rat stomach. Although physiological effects of ghrelin have been revealed by numerous studies, the regulation of stomach ghrelin remains obscure, and the factor that directly regulates ghrelin expression and production has not been identified. Here, we ...
Liu Hua - - 2009
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors cause growth inhibition of human gastric carcinoma cells, but it remains unclear whether this is both COX-2 dependent and independent. The related mechanisms remain to be determined. Both low COX-2 expressing gastric carcinoma and high COX-2 expressing gastric carcinoma cells were used to study the effect and ...
Petersson Fredrik - - 2009
Helicobacter pylori infection has been linked to hypergastrinemia and either decreased or normal G-cell content in the antral mucosa. To clarify this controversial issue, we quantitatively determined antral G-cell content on the same biopsy specimens with three different methods and examined whether these methods are intercorrelated and the relation of ...
Murray D - - 2008
The most lethal aspects of gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) are its invasive and metastatic properties. This aggressive phenotype remains poorly understood. We have recently identified neuroepithelial cell transforming gene 1 (NET1), a guanine exchange factor (GEF), as a novel GA-associated gene. Neuroepithelial cell transforming gene 1 expression is enhanced in GA ...
Senapati S - - 2008
MUC4 is a large, heavily glycosylated transmembrane mucin, that is implicated in the pathogenesis of various types of cancers. To date, no extensive study has been done to check the expression and functional significance of MUC4 in different types of gastric adenocarcinomas. Here, we report the expression profile of MUC4 ...
Sekiguchi Hirotaka - - 2008
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most widespread human pathogens, and plays major roles in chronic gastritis and gastric cancer. CD74 of gastric epithelial cells has recently been identified as an adhesion molecule to urease in H. pylori. In this study, we found that CD74 is highly expressed ...
Ericson A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Capsaicin is known to have regulatory effects on gastrointestinal functions via the vanilloid receptor (VR1). We reported previously that endocrine-like cells in the human antrum express VR1. AIM: To identify VR1-expressing endocrine-like cells in human antral glands and to examine whether stimulation with capsaicin causes release of gastrin, somatostatin, ...
Santos C M - - 2008
The regional distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells in the stomach and intestine of Phyllostomidae: Lonchorhina aurita and Molossidae: Molossus molossus bats were studied immunohistochemically. Three types of immunoreactive (IR) endocrine cells--to serotonin (5-HT), gastrin (GAS) and enteroglucagon (GLUC)--were found in the gastric mucosa and four types of IR ...
Hirata Naoto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pouchitis is the most common complication of restorative proctocolectomy in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The etiology of pouchitis is not known. We have previously reported the specific and significant proliferation of immature plasma lineage cells in the ulcer bases and inflamed mucosa of UC. In the present study ...
Liu J - - 2008
Cleft palate repair leaves full-thickness mucosal defects on the palate. Healing might be improved by implantation of a mucosal substitute. However, the genetic and phenotypic deviations of cleft palate cells may hamper tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to construct mucosal substitutes from cleft palate cells, and to ...
Gião M S - - 2008
Although the route of transmission of Helicobacter pylori remains unknown, drinking water has been considered a possible transmission vector. It has been shown previously that, in water, biofilms are a protective niche for several pathogens, protecting them from stressful conditions, such as low carbon concentration, shear stress, and less-than-optimal temperatures. ...
Grandi Daniela - - 2008
The histamine H3 receptor (H3R) has been identified in the gastrointestinal tract of the rat by immunohistochemistry, using the first validated anti-H3 receptor antibody. Immunoreactivity to H3R was exclusively localized to the endocrine cells scattered in the gastrointestinal mucosa, with positive cells being prominently abundant in the gastric fundus, while ...
Bernsand Maria - - 2008
Histamine in the rat stomach resides in enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells and mast cells. The ECL cells are peptide-hormone-producing endocrine cells known to release histamine and chromogranin-A-derived peptides (such as pancreastatin) in response to gastrin. Ischemia (induced by clamping of the celiac artery or by gastric submucosal microinfusion of the vasoconstrictor ...
De Luca Antonio - - 2008
Heat shock protein B (HspB) is one of the dominant proteins recognized by most Helicobacter pylori-infected persons and is being considered as potential candidates for subunit vaccines. In the present study we describe the generation of an antibody against HspB and its use in immunohistochemical assays on gastric biopsies. We ...
Sun Danfeng - - 2008
The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between mTOR signaling pathway and DNA methylation in cell survival, cell cycle, gene expression and protein level on human gastric cancer cells. Human gastric cancer cell lines, MKN45 and SGC7901 were treated with 5-aza-dC, rapamycin and/or LY294002. Cell viability was analyzed by ...
Kato Kenji - - 2008
We evaluated homeostatic mass control in non-neoplastic gastric epithelia under Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection in the macroscopically normal-appearing mucosa resected from the stomach with gastric cancer, immunohistochemically analyzing the proliferation, kinetics of stem cells and programmed cell death occurring in them. Ki67 antigen-positive proliferating cells were found dominantly in the ...
Kidd Mark - - 2008
Mechanisms by which gut luminal content regulates secretion and motility are ill understood. We evaluated whether neuroendocrine enterochromaffin (EC) cells act as luminal sensors for a wide variety of nutrients and defined the secretory mechanisms of this process. Pure (98-99%) FACS-sorted human EC cells and neoplastic EC cells (KRJ-I) were ...
Choi Eun-Ju - - 2008
PURPOSE: The formulated ethanol extract (DA-9601) of Artemisia asiatica has pronounced antiinflammatory activities and exhibits cytoprotective effects against gastrointestinal damage. Here we investigated whether eupatilin, a major component of DA-9601, has a property of antioxidant activity and protects gastric epithelial cells from H2O2-induced damage. Methods. METHODS:epithelial AGS cells by measuring ...
Hayakawa Yoichi - - 2008
A new down-regulator of the molecular chaperone GRP78, efrapeptin J, was isolated from a marine fungus, Tolypocladium sp. AMB18. The molecular formula of efrapeptin J was established as C(81)H(139)N(18)O(16)(+) by high-resolution FAB-MS. The structure was elucidated to be a linear pentadecapeptide containing a hexahydropyrrolo[1,2-a]pyrimidinium moiety by NMR and MS analyses. ...
Zhu Fang-shi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the regulative action of mica monomer powder preparation on the chief and parietal cells as well as G and D cells in the gastric mucosa of the experimental atrophic gastritis (CAG) rats. METHODS: Intervention therapy was given to the experimental CAG rats at three different doses of ...
Ng Ka-Man - - 2008
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are effective at preventing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastric ulcers. They are also superior to histamine H(2)-receptor antagonists and misoprostol in treating NSAID-induced gastric ulcer healing. This study explored whether omeprazole, a PPI, can modulate ulcer healing through epithelial cell proliferation and/or cell migration using a ...
Masaoka Tatsuhiro - - 2008
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are now commonly used for the treatment of acid related diseases such as peptic ulcer and reflux esophagitis. Because of their ability to produce direct inhibition of the proton pump, PPIs provide more sustained increase of the gastric pH than H(2)-receptor (H(2)R) antagonists. Diverse reports have ...
Verzi Michael P - - 2008
The gastric mucosa provides a stringent epithelial barrier and produces acid and enzymes that initiate digestion. In this regenerating tissue, progenitors differentiate continually into 4 principal specialized cell types, yet underlying mechanisms of differentiation are poorly understood. We identified stomach-restricted expression of the forkhead transcription factor FOXQ1. We used a ...
Sun Dan-Feng - - 2008
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of knocking-down methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) on the survival of the human gastric cancer cell line MKN45. Antisense and small interfering RNA (siRNA) plasmids were used to target MTHFR in MKN45. Meanwhile, we also constructed a wild-type MTHFR plasmid to assess the effect ...
Jia Lin - - 2008
Cortactin is frequently overexpressed in cancer cells, and changes of the levels of its tyrosine phosphorylation have been observed in several cancer cells. However, how the expression level and phosphorylation state of cortactin would influence the ultimate cellular function of cancer cells is unknown. In this study, we analyzed the ...
Han Zheyi - - 2008
Akt (also known as protein kinase B, PKB) is involved in a variety of biological processes, for example cell development, proliferation, and angiogenesis. Clinical studies in support of the idea that increased activity of Akt could contribute directly to gastric carcinogenesis are rare, however. In this study we discovered that ...
Giannakis Marios - - 2008
We have characterized the adaptations of Helicobacter pylori to a rarely captured event in the evolution of its impact on host biology-the transition from chronic atrophic gastritis (ChAG) to gastric adenocarcinoma-and defined the impact of these adaptations on an intriguing but poorly characterized interaction between this bacterium and gastric epithelial ...
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