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Needham Karina - - 2010
The family of two-pore domain potassium (K(₂P)) channels is important in setting and controlling the background potassium current of excitable cells. This study examines the localisation of the acid-sensitive channel, K(₂P)9.1 (TASK3), in cells of the gastric mucosa. We observed K(₂P)9.1 immunoreactivity in endocrine cells of the mucosal glands of ...
Rubio Carlos A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sections from gastric biopsies are usually stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), a stain that is not optimal for the recognition of many parietal cells. This paper describes a more suitable routine stain to identify parietal cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nineteen sets of gastric biopsies were consecutively stained with ...
Lee Kyung Hwa - - 2011
Helicobacter pylori CagA dysregulates cell signaling pathways and leads to targeted transcriptional up-regulation of genes implicated in gastric cell injury. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of rebamipide on CagA-induced effects on gastric epithelial cells. We investigated the effects of rebamipide treatment (pre- or post-treatment before ...
Taguchi Fumiko - - 2011
Peritoneal dissemination occurs frequently in patients with unresectable advanced-stage gastric cancer. In this study, we tested the efficacy of the mTOR inhibitor RAD001 (everolimus) against advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination. Using the two cell lines, 58As1, a cell line exhibiting a high propensity for peritoneal metastasis, and its parental ...
Huang Yiming - - 2010
Aquaporins (AQPs) are expressed in many different tumor cell types in human. New evidence for the involvement of AQPs in cell migration and proliferation adds AQPs to an expanding list of effectors in tumor biology. The aim of this study was to investigate whether AQP3 expression in the human gastric ...
Frolova Lidia T - - 2010
The morphology and regeneration of the digestive system of the ophiuroid Amphipholis kochii were investigated. The epithelia of the esophagus and stomach of A. kochii were composed of typical enterocytes and mucous cells. The digestive epithelium of the stomach contained two types of granular secretory cells. After autotomy of the ...
Lang Nan - - 2010
MicroRNAs have emerged as post-transcriptional regulators that are critically involved in the biologic behavior of cells. This study was designed to investigate the effect of members of the microRNA-29 family on the expression of cell division cycle 42 (Cdc42) and their roles on proliferation, migration, and invasion of gastric cancer ...
Segat Daniela - - 2010
Barrett's esophagus metaplasia is a pre-cancerous condition caused by chronic esophagitis. Chromosomal instability (CIN) is common in Barrett's cells: therefore, we investigated the possible presence of centrosomal aberrations (a main cause of CIN) by centrosomal protein immunostaining in paraffined esophageal samples of patients who developed a Barrett's adenocarcinoma. In most ...
Ueyama Hiroya - - 2010
Only a few cases of gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland type have been reported. Gastric adenocarcinoma with chief cell differentiation (GA-CCD) has been recently reported as a new variant of gastric adenocarcinoma. However, its clinicopathologic features are uncertain. To elucidate them, GA-CCDs exhibiting pepsinogen-I expression (10 lesions: Group A) and ...
Iwakura Hiroshi - - 2010
To establish a tool to study ghrelin production and secretion in vitro, we developed a novel ghrelin-producing cell line, MGN3-1 (mouse ghrelinoma 3-1) cells from a gastric ghrelin-producing cell tumor derived from ghrelin-promoter Simian virus 40-T-antigen transgenic mice. MGN3-1 cells preserve three essential characteristics required for the in vitro tool ...
Udd Lina - - 2010
Gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyps in the Peutz-Jeghers cancer predisposition syndrome and its mouse model (Lkb1(+/-)) are presumed to contain all cell types native to the site of their occurrence. This study aimed to explore the pathogenesis of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome polyposis by characterizing cell types and differentiation of the epithelium of gastric ...
Hass Nicole - - 2010
Various digestive and enteroendocrine signaling processes are constantly being adapted to the chemical composition and quantity of the chyme contained in the diverse compartments of the gastrointestinal tract. The chemosensory monitoring that underlies the adaptive capacity of the gut is thought to be performed by so called brush cells that ...
Li Rui - - 2010
A gastric cancer cell line, AGS has high-level expression of CD40. CD40 is present on the surfaces of a large variety of cells, including B cells, endothelial cells, dendritic cells and some carcinoma cells, and delivers signals regulating diverse cellular responses, such as proliferation, differentiation, growth suppression, cell death. In ...
Zhang Lin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: TXNDC5 (thioredoxin domain containing 5) is over-expressed in tumors of the cervix, uterus, stomach and lung. However, not much is known about the functional roles of TXNDC5 gene in gastric adenocarcinoma. In the present study, we intend to investigate the effects of TXNDC5 on the growth, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion ...
Yashiro Masakazu - - 2010
Scirrhous gastric carcinoma (SGC) carries the highest mortality because of a frequent metastasis to lymph node (LN). S1, a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) analog, is clinically available for gastric cancer at an advanced stage. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) is required for the proliferation of SGC. The objective of this study ...
Weiss Carola - - 2010
As the consumption of coffee beverages sometimes is reported to cause gastric irritation, for which an increased stomach acid secretion is one of the promoting factors, different processing technologies such as steam-treatment have been developed to reduce putative stomach irritating compounds. There is evidence-based data neither on the effect of ...
Karam Sherif M - - 2010
The fact that the acid-secreting parietal cells undergo continuous renewal has been ignored by many gastroenterologists and cell biologists. In the past, it was thought that these cells were static. However, by using (3)H-thymidine radioautography in combination with electron microscopy, it was possible to demonstrate that parietal cells belong to ...
Kidd M - - 2010
YF476 is a potent and highly selective cholecystokin 2 (CCK(2)) receptor antagonist of the benzodiazepine class. It inhibits gastric neuroendocrine enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell secretion, proliferation and spontaneous formation of gastric neuroendocrine tumors (carcinoids) in cotton rats. The Mastomys rodent species exhibits a genetic predisposition to gastric ECL neuroendocrine tumor formation ...
Xie Yubo - - 2010
The caudal-type homeobox gene Cdx2 encodes a transcription factor which in adult mammals is expressed in the cells of the intestinal epithelium and is thought to play an important role in their proliferation and differentiation. Cdx2 mediates apoptosis and suppresses tumorigenesis in many tissue types, but there are few data ...
Kameda C - - 2010
Oestrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) is highly expressed in diffuse-type gastric cancer and oestrogen increases the proliferation of ERalpha-positive gastric cancer. However, a detailed mechanism by which oestrogen increases the proliferation of these cells is still unclear. We used 17-beta-oestradiol (E2) as a stimulator against the ERalpha pathway. Pure anti-oestrogen drug ICI ...
Nakamura Eiji - - 2010
Dietary free glutamate is known to elicit umami, one of the five basic tastes perceived via the specific taste sensor cells on the tongue. Recent studies suggest the specific glutamate sensors exist in the gastric mucosa and contribute to the regulation of gastrointestinal functions, yet the precise mechanism remains still ...
Rickes L N - - 2010
Hairdressers are exposed daily to chemical substances, such as dyes, chemical straighteners and curling chemicals, which can be absorbed, inhaled or possibly ingested. We analyzed the frequency of micronuclei (MNC) in exfoliated cells of the buccal mucosa of 50 hairdressers and 50 controls in Pelotas, RS, Brazil. An assessment was ...
Sakata Ichiro - - 2010
Ghrelin is 28-amino-acid peptide that was discovered from the rat and human stomach in 1999. Since the discovery of ghrelin, various functions of ghrelin, including growth hormone release, feeding behavior, glucose metabolism, memory, and also antidepressant effects, have been studied. It has also been reported that ghrelin in the gastrointestinal ...
Wang Bo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: CD147 is a widely distributed cell surface glycoprotein that belongs to the Ig superfamily. CD147 has been implicated in numerous physiological and pathological activities. Enriched on the surface of many tumor cells, CD147 promotes tumor growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis and confers resistance to some chemotherapeutic drugs. In this ...
Kim Hyung-Jin - - 2010
Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels are expressed not only in excitable cells but also in non-excitable cells such as epithelial cells. Recent studies have demonstrated that several subtypes of Kv channels are expressed in epithelial tumor cells, including human gastric cancer cells, and are associated with cell proliferation. In the present ...
Lim Joo Weon - - 2010
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is associated with chronic gastritis, peptic ulceration and gastric carcinoma. Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2), which is activated by trypsin, induced the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), cell proliferation and apoptosis in several cells. Previously, we found that H. pylori induces the expression of PAR-2, which ...
Kikuchi Miho - - 2010
Doublecortin and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase-like-1 (DCAMKL1) is a candidate marker for progenitor cells in the gastrointestinal mucosa. Lineage cells in the gastric mucosa are derived from progenitor cells, but this process can be altered after injury. Therefore, we explored DCAMKL1 expression under pathological conditions. An immunohistochemical analysis was performed in ...
Chun-Zhi Zhang - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can function as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes via regulation of cell proliferation and/or apoptosis. MiR-221 and miR-222 were discovered to induce cell growth and cell cycle progression via direct targeting of p27 and p57 in various human malignancies. However, the roles of miR-221 and miR-222 have ...
Scotti Claudia - - 2010
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a major human pathogen causing chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. One of the mechanisms whereby it induces damage depends on its interference with proliferation of host tissues. We here describe the discovery of a novel bacterial factor able to ...
Ishimoto Takatsugu - - 2010
Similar to normal tissue stem cells, cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be quiescent or slow-cycling and, thereby, insensitive to chemo- and radiotherapies. CD44, a cell surface component that interacts with the extracellular matrix, has been found to be highly expressed in CSCs of several solid tumors. However, the ...
Ling Changying C Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, - - 2010
The vocal fold mucosa plays an important role in voice production. Its cellular composition and density frequently change under various pathological conditions, often contributing to altered extracellular matrix production, tissue viscoelasticity, and voice quality. In this study, cellular changes in the rat mucosa following a unilateral stripping injury were investigated ...
Lestari Maria L A D - - 2009
A novel flow through (FT) diffusion cell for assessing the permeability of compounds across the buccal mucosa was designed. Porcine buccal mucosa was mounted between two chambers with flow through capacity in both the donor and receptor chambers. The permeability of caffeine (CAF), triamcinolone acetonide (TAC), and estradiol (E(2)) was ...
Hsu Kai-Wen - - 2009
The c-Myc promoter binding protein 1 (MBP-1) is a transcriptional suppressor of c-myc expression and involved in control of tumorigenesis. Gastric cancer is one of the most frequent neoplasms and lethal malignancies worldwide. So far, the regulatory mechanism of its aggressiveness has not been clearly characterized. Here we studied roles ...
Cai Rong - - 2009
Channels formed by the canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) subfamily of proteins are Ca(2+)-permeable, nonselective cation channels with various functions. Through a phospholipase C (PLC)-dependent mechanism TRPC6, a member of TRPC subfamily, can be activated by receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) or G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR), which are implicated in cell ...
Wang Hong Jian - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ezrin targeting gene of RNA interference (RNAi) on human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 in vitro. METHODS: The highly metastatic human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 transfected with a small interfering (siRNA) lentivirus vector was selected for this research study. Expressions of ezrin mRNA ...
Rubio Carlos A - - 2009
Glands with glassy cells (GGCs) were recently found in 1.8% of patients showing Barrett's mucosa in esophageal biopsies. Similar GGCs were more recently detected in a baboon having glandulo-metaplastic esophageal mucosa (GMEM). The aim was to assess the frequency of baboons with GMEM having GGCs. GGCs were sought in 68 ...
Zaidi Syed Faisal Haider - - 2009
Inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) overexpressed in the gastric mucosa when exposed to Helicobacter pylori, defined as a class I carcinogen. Moreover, infection with H. pylori leads to morphological changes in co-cultured cells known as hummingbird phenomenon along with increased motility. Resveratrol, a highly abundant polyphenol ...
Wang Jia-xiang - - 2010
We used light microscopy to elucidate the morphological features of argyrophilic cells in the digestive tract of the African ostrich (Struthio camelus). The results indicated that argyrophilic cells were found to be distributed among the epithelial cells of the mucosa or glands throughout the digestive tract, except for the esophagus; ...
Kim Seok-Jun - - 2010
Galectin-3 is a beta-galactoside-binding protein that increases gastric cancer cell motility in response to integrin signaling and is highly expressed in gastric tumor cells. Galectin-3 induces cytoskeletal remodeling to increase cell motility, but the mechanisms of this process are not understood. We investigated the effects of galectin-3 on fascin-1, an ...
Zhao Zengming - - 2009
Gastric pit cells are high-turnover epithelial cells of the gastric mucosa. They secrete mucus to protect the gastric epithelium from acid and pepsin. To investigate the genetic mechanisms underlying the physiological functions of gastric pit cells, we generated a transgenic mouse line, namely, Capn8-Cre, in which the expression of Cre ...
Osaki Luciana H - - 2010
The development of the gastric mucosa is controlled by hormones, growth factors and feeding behavior. Early weaning (EW), which means the abrupt interruption of suckling, increases proliferation and differentiation in the rat gastric epithelium. Transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) is secreted in the stomach, binds to the epidermal growth factor ...
Keating Damien J - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pacemaker mechanism that underlies the cyclic generation of colonic migrating motor complexes (CMMCs) is unknown, although studies have suggested that release of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) from enterochromaffin cells in the mucosa is essential. However, no recordings of 5-HT release from the colon have been made to support ...
Kwek Joly - - 2009
Gastrulation in vertebrate embryos results in the formation of the primary germ layers: ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm, which contain the progenitors of the tissues of the entire fetal body. Extensive studies undertaken in Xenopus, zebrafish and mouse have revealed a high degree of conservation in the genes and cellular mechanisms ...
Zhang Lin - - 2010
BTG2 (B cell translocation gene 2) is downregulated in several human tumors and has been known as a tumor suppressor in carcinogenesis of thymus, prostate, kidney, and liver. However, little is known about the role BTG2 plays in gastric adenocarcinoma. In the present study, we intended to investigate the influence ...
Ma Xiu-Mei XM Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College, Huhhot 010059, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. - - 2009
To investigate whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) is expressed in human gastric carcinoma and whether PPAR-gamma is a potential target for gastric carcinoma therapy. PPAR-gamma protein in gastric carcinoma was examined by immunohistochemistry. In the gastric carcinoma cell line MGC803, PPAR-gamma, survivin, Skp2 and p27 protein and mRNA were ...
Shinozaki Aya - - 2010
The proliferation of Mott cells (plasma cells with multiple Russell bodies) is rarely observed in nonhematopoietic tumors, and no reports of this phenomenon in malignant epithelial neoplasms have been published. We present 2 cases of gastric carcinoma associated with prominent Mott cell proliferation. Histologically, both tumors consisted of extensive lymphoplasmacytic ...
Ishikawa Susumu - - 2009
Upon delivery into gastric epithelial cells, Helicobacter pylori cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) binds and deregulates cellular proteins such as Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 and partitioning-defective 1 (PAR1), thereby acting as an epigenetic oncoprotein that promotes early phases of gastric cancer development. To elucidate the spatial and ...
Lo Yi-Ching - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the in vitro effects of H. pylori-conditioned medium (HCM) from gastric epithelial AGS cell cultures on microglia and neuronal cells. MATERIAL: H. pylori, human gastric epithelial AGS cells, microglia-like BV-2 cells and human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. TREATMENT: Treated AGS cells with H. pylori at ratios from 1:100 ...
Hao Zhiming - - 2009
Our previous studies revealed that cytokine induced apoptosis inhibitor 1 (CIAPIN1), which was reported to be essential in mouse definitive hematopoiesis, was related to multidrug resistance in gastric cancer cells and that the distribution of CIAPIN1 in normal human tissues was similar to the distribution of Ras. This study aimed ...
Kintaka Yuri - - 2009
In rats, ventromedial hypothalamic (VMH) lesions induce cell proliferation in the visceral organs (stomach, small intestine, liver, and pancreas) due to hyperactivity of the vagus nerve. To investigate the effects of selective gastric vagotomy on VMH lesion-induced cell proliferation and secretion of gastric acid, we assessed the mitotic index (the ...
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