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Goliand I I Department of Life Sciences and the National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev (NIBN), Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, 84105 - - 2014
Recently the ESCRT-III filamentous complex has been designated as the driving force for mammalian cell abscission, i.e. fission of the intercellular membrane bridge connecting daughter cells at the end of cytokinesis. However, how ESCRT-III is activated to set on abscission has not been resolved. Here we revisited the role of ...
Yamasaki Masao M Department of Biochemistry and Applied Biosciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuenkibanadai-nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan. myamasaki@cc.miyazaki-u.ac.jp - - 2014
Here, we examined the effect of tocotrienols (T3) on the growth of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cells. All three forms (β-, γ-, and δ-T3) inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner; δ-T3 showed the strongest growth-inhibitory effect. δ-T3 increased the G1, G2/M, and subG1 populations and induced internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. ...
Liu Chunxi C Department of Stomatology, Xi'an No.4 Hospital (The Affiliated Guangren Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University College Medicine), Xi'an, 710004, China, - - 2014
microRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that have been suggested to play an essential role in tumorigenesis. Reduced expression of miR-338 has been reported in several types of cancers; however, the role of miR-338 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has not been elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that ...
Pattabhi Sudhakara Rao SR Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 32306, - - 2014
Polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEMU) coatings built layer by layer with alternating pairs of polyelectrolytes can be tuned to improve cell interactions with surfaces and may be useful as biocompatible coatings to improve fixation between implants and tissues. Here, we show that human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) induced with bone differentiation medium ...
Chen Li-Chai LC Department of Pharmacy of Zuoying Branch of Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung 813, - - 2014
Two new thymol (=5-methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)phenol) derivatives, 8,10-didehydro-9-(3-methylbutanoyl)thymol 3-O-tiglate (1) and 9-O-angeloyl-8-methoxythymol 3-O-isobutyrate (2), were isolated from the root of Eupatorium cannabinum ssp. asiaticum, together with six known compounds, 3-8. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined through extensive 1D/2D-NMR and MS analyses. Among the isolates, 9-acetoxy-8,10-epoxythymol 3-O-tiglate (3) was the ...
Sega M M Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona, I-37134, Verona, - - 2014
Here, we propose a population ecology perspective to describe dynamic interplay between human leukaemia and cervical cancer cells growing together in the same environment. MOLT-3 (human T-lymphoblastic leukaemia) and HeLa (human cervical adenocarcinoma) cells were grown together or alone. Living cells were measured using flow cytometry, by counting propidium iodide-negative ...
Ponamoreva O N ON Department of Biotechnology, Tula State University, Pr. Lenina 92, Tula 300012, Russia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The methylotrophic Pichia angusta VKM Y-2559 and the oleaginous Cryptococcus curvatus VKM Y-3288 yeast cells were immobilized in a bimodal silica-organic sol-gel matrix comprised of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), the hydrophobic additive methyltriethoxysilane (MTES) and the porogen polyethylene glycol (PEG). Under carefully optimized experimental conditions, employing basic catalysts, yeast cells have become ...
Yien Yvette Y - - 2014
The transport and intracellular trafficking of heme biosynthesis intermediates are crucial for hemoglobin production, which is a critical process in developing red cells. Here, we profiled gene expression in terminally differentiating murine fetal liver-derived erythroid cells to identify regulators of heme metabolism. We determined that TMEM14C, an inner mitochondrial membrane ...
Schoenfelder Kevin P KP Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Box 3813, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2014
The endocycle is a modified cell cycle that lacks M phase. Endocycles are well known for enabling continued growth of post-mitotic tissues. By contrast, we discovered pre-mitotic endocycles in precursors of Drosophila rectal papillae (papillar cells). Unlike all known proliferative Drosophila adult precursors, papillar cells endocycle before dividing. Furthermore, unlike ...
Gueron Geraldine G IQUIBICEN-CONICET, Departamento de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón 2, Ciudad Universitaria, CP C1428EGA, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
New d-ribofuranoside derivatives containing two five membered heterocycles, isoxazole and triazole or two triazole rings, were synthesized. The final products as well as the synthetic precursors were physically and spectroscopically characterized. These new diheterocyclic derivatives together with other d-riboside compounds were assessed for their impact on PC3 cell line viability. ...
Kenmoku Hiromichi - - 2014
To obtain the structural diversity of bioactive compounds similar to cotylenins and fusicoccins that modulate 14-3-3 protein-protein interactions in eukaryotes, screening tests were carried out using the lettuce seed dormancy breaking-assay. An acetone extract of the liverwort Plagiochila sciophila exhibited significant activity against the seeds in the presence of the ...
Li Yan Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University , Beijing, - - 2014
The epithelial cell barrier function is a critical factor in the maintenance of the homeostasis of the vaginal mucosa. This study elucidates one of the mast cell-derived chemical mediators, tryptase, on compromising the vaginal epithelial barrier function. The results showed that human vaginal cell line, VK2, express PAR2. Activation of ...
Patel Samit A SA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Madigan Army Medical Center, 9040 Jackson Avenue, Tacoma, WA - - 2014
A 54-year-old woman with a history of in-utero diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure, who had a prior hysterectomy for symptomatic leiomyomata and dysmenorrhea, presented for vaginal bleeding. Vaginal biopsies showed a non-clear-cell adenocarcinoma, and the patient was subsequently treated with radiation therapy. We present a case of primary vaginal non-clear-cell adenocarcinoma in ...
Schultz Kevin J KJ Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, Calif., - - 2014
Background: The pathophysiology of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) involves vaginal collagen degradation. Strengthening collagen by UVA-photoactivated cross-linking has been demonstrated and suggested target applications include the vaginal wall. Aim: To identify UVA irradiation and riboflavin effects on vaginal cells. Materials and Methods: Vaginal cells were incubated for 24 h (DMEM/F-12 ...
Tayarani-Najaran Zahra Z Department of Pharmacodynamics and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran E-mail : - - 2014
Artemisia, as one of the largest genera in the tribe Anthemideae of the Asteraceae comprises an important part of Iranian flora. While cytotoxic and apoptotic properties have already been reported for some species of the genus there is not any report on cytotoxic effects of A. ciniformis. Petroleum ether (40-60), ...
Rocha Débora Afonso Silva DA Universidade Santa Úrsula, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2013
Trichomonas vaginalis causes trichomoniasis in humans, a sexually transmitted disease commonly treated with metronidazole (MTZ). MTZ is known to cause undesirable side effects, and MTZ-resistant parasites have been reported. Thus, the development of an alternative treatment is desirable. Miltefosine (MLT) is an alkylphosphocholine synthetic lipid analogue that displays antiparasitic activity ...
Ghisalberti Carlo A - - 2013
To test the growth-promoting activity of the polyamine spermidine bound to various polymeric compounds in supramolecular complexes. A thiazolyl blue cell viability assay was used to determine the growth-promoting potency of spermidine-supramolecular complexes in a human skin fibroblast cell line exposed to spermidine and different spermidine-supramolecular complexes that were obtained ...
K Nivedita - - 2013
Spindle cell epithelioma is a very rare benign tumour of the vagina, which contains epithelial and mesenchymal components and co-expresses the markers for both. It has its origin in the epithelial cells of the remnants of the vestibular gland. The presence of glandular structures and the pattern of immunostaining, help ...
Laronda Monica M MM Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, - - 2013
Women exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in utero frequently develop vaginal adenosis, from which clear cell adenocarcinoma can arise. Despite decades of extensive investigation, the molecular pathogenesis of DES-associated vaginal adenosis remains elusive. Here we report that DES induces vaginal adenosis by inhibiting the BMP4/Activin A-regulated vaginal cell fate decision through ...
Sakai Kazuyoshi - - 2013
After finding tonsil-like structures near the entrance of vagina of a laboratory shrew (Suncus murinus), which we subsequently designated as vaginal tonsils, we performed detailed immunohistochemical and developmental studies. The location of T and B cells in the vaginal tonsils differed from that in the palatine tonsils or that in ...
Iacoponi Sara S Gynaecological Oncology Unit, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, - - 2013
Adenocarcinoma of the cervix is a rare condition that has shown an increase in incidence, especially in the 20- to 34-year-old group. Adenocarcinoma represents about 5-10% of all tumours in this area, and, among these, the clear cell type accounts for 4-9%. This type of tumour affects mainly postmenopausal women ...
Chandra Neelima N CONRAD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23507, - - 2013
The relationship between exogenous contraceptive hormones and permissiveness of the female genital tract to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the subject of renewed debate. To better characterize the effect of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) on HIV-1 cellular targets and epithelial integrity in the vagina, we compared leukocyte populations, ...
Fowler R Stuart RS Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA. - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate a new method for preparing vaginal wet preparations to enable quantification of cells and lactobacilli. The current nonstandardized technique allows for a variable amount of vaginal fluid collected, diluted by a variable amount of saline/KOH, and no quantification of constituents. The vaginal fluids from 100 ...
Bruin Jennifer E - - 2012
Fetal and neonatal nicotine exposure causes β-cell oxidative stress and apoptosis in neonates, leading to adult-onset dysglycemia. The aim of the present study was to determine whether an antioxidant intervention could prevent nicotine-induced β-cell loss. Nulliparous female Wistar rats received daily subcutaneous injections of either saline or nicotine bitartrate (1.0 ...
Schmid Frederike - - 2012
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a ubiquitous second messenger providing a Ca(2+) trigger in a wide range of cell types. However, its metabolism is not well understood. Here, we demonstrate the presence of endogenous NAADP in HeLa cells. CD38, a promiscuous enzyme described to be involved in NAADP ...
Da Silva Fernanda Rabaioli FR Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Postgraduate Program in Genetics and Molecular Biology (PPGBM), Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre-RS, - - 2012
Tobacco is a major Brazilian cash crop. Tobacco farmers apply large amounts of pesticides to control insect growth. Workers come into contact with green tobacco leaves during the tobacco harvest and absorb nicotine through the skin. In the present study, micronucleus frequency, cell death, and the frequency of basal cells ...
Al-Wadei Mohammed H - - 2012
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a mortality rate near 100%. Smoking is a documented risk factor. However, the mechanisms of smoking-associated pancreatic carcinogenesis are poorly understood. We have shown that binding of nicotine to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) expressing subunits α7, α3 and α5 in PDAC and pancreatic duct epithelial ...
Badisa Ramesh B - - 2012
Investigations with astroglial cells carry equal importance as those with neurons in drug abuse studies. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of chronic cocaine administration on cell viability, nitric oxide (NO) production, general respiratory status of mitochondria and total protein levels in rat astroglioma cells after 24 ...
Tew Kenneth D KD Department of Cell and Molecular Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425-5050, USA. - - 2012
The family of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) is part of a cellular Phase II detoxification program composed of multiple isozymes with functional human polymorphisms that have the capacity to influence individual response to drugs and environmental stresses. Catalytic activity is expressed through GST dimer-mediated thioether conjugate formation with resultant detoxification of ...
Kao Liyo - - 2012
The patch clamp technique is widely used for recording the activity of ion channels in single cells and lipid bilayers. Most platforms utilize borosilicate glass configured as a pipette, however more recently planar patch clamp chips have been developed that require less technical expertise. Planar patch clamp chips in systems ...
Lee S-I - - 2012
Lee S-I, Kang K-L, Shin S-I, Herr Y, Lee Y-M, Kim E-C. Endoplasmic reticulum stress modulates nicotine-induced extracellular matrix degradation in human periodontal ligament cells. J Periodont Res 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2012.01431.x. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective:  Tobacco smoking is considered to be one of the ...
Bansal Himanta - - 2012
The assessment of micronuclei in exfoliated cells is a promising tool for the study of epithelial carcinogens and can be used to detect chromosome breakage or mitotic interference, thought to be relevant to carcinogenesis. The present study aimed to detect micronuclei in exfoliated oral mucosal cells in individuals using various ...
Ishizuka Toshiaki - - 2012
AIMS: As the clinical use of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells may have the potential to overcome current obstacles in stem cell-based therapy, the molecular mechanisms that regulate the proliferation of iPS cells are of great interest. However, to our knowledge, no previous studies have examined whether stimulation with nicotinic ...
Sakai Akiko - - 2012
Sr-containing carbonate apatite (SrCAp) specimens of varied Sr contents, ranging from 0 to 13.3 mol%, were prepared through a phosphate treatment of set gypsum-and-carbonate mixture at 100°C for 7 days. Effects of Sr content in SrCAp on microstructure, osteoblast-like cell (MC3T3-E1) attachment and proliferation, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were ...
Cucina Alessandra - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death throughout the world, and the risk to develop this malignant disease seems to be associated with long-term cigarette smoking. Nicotine, one of the major components of cigarette smoking, can stimulate cell proliferation and suppress apoptosis both in normal ...
Kalashnyk O M - - 2012
AIMS: Previously we demonstrated that mouse liver mitochondria express functional α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). The aim of this study was to investigate whether the nAChRs are found in mitochondria of non-neuronal human cell lines. MAIN METHODS: Three cell lines: U373 (astrocytes), U937 (monocytes) and Daudi (B lymphocytes) were examined ...
Weyerbrock Astrid - - 2012
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) control multidrug resistance and are upregulated in many cancers, including malignant gliomas. The diazeniumdiolate JS-K generates nitric oxide (NO) on enzymatic activation by glutathione and GST, showing promising NO-based anticancer efficacy. To evaluate the role of NO-based antitumor therapy with JS-K in U87 gliomas in vitro and ...
Wen Huiyun - - 2012
In biomedical applications, polyethylene glycol (PEG) functionalization has been a major approach to modify nanocarriers such as nano-graphene oxide for particular biological requirements. However, incorporation of a PEG shell poses a significant diffusion barrier that adversely affects the release of the loaded drugs. This study addresses this critical issue by ...
Tomitori Hideyuki - - 2012
We have shown recently that acrolein is more strongly involved in cell damage than reactive oxygen species during brain infarction. Thus, we tried to isolate cells with reduced susceptibility to acrolein toxicity to clarify how acrolein is detoxified under cell culture conditions. The IC(50) of acrolein in mouse mammary carcinoma ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
Overexpression of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) has been detected in many cancers. Tobacco exposure is known to induce genetic and epigenetic changes in the pathogenesis of malignancy. 4-(Methylnitrosamino)- 1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is an important carcinogen present in tobacco smoke; however the detailed molecular mechanism of how NNK induces esophageal carcinogenesis is ...
McLean Ashleigh C - - 2012
A rapid means of assessing reproductive status in rodents is useful not only in the study of reproductive dysfunction but is also required for the production of new mouse models of disease and investigations into the hormonal regulation of tissue degeneration (or regeneration) following pathological challenge. The murine reproductive (or ...
Santiago Guido Lopes dos Santos - - 2012
To obtain more detailed understanding of the causes of disturbance of the vaginal microflora (VMF), a longitudinal study was carried out for 17 women during two menstrual cycles. Vaginal swabs were obtained daily from 17 non-pregnant, menarchal volunteers. For each woman, Gram stains were scored, the quantitative changes of 5 ...
Xing Ai-ping - - 2012
Accumulating evidence suggests a direct role for cigarette smoke in pulmonary vascular remodeling, which contributes to the development of pulmonary hypertension. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process remain poorly understood. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a potential mitogen and chemoattractant implicated in several biological processes, including cell survival, proliferation, ...
Muñoz Juan Pablo - - 2012
The smoking habit is the most important, but not a sufficient cause for lung cancer development. Several studies have reported the human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) presence and E6 and E7 transcripts expression in lung carcinoma cases from different geographical regions. The possible interaction between HPV infection and smoke carcinogens, ...
Panich Uraiwan - - 2011
Oxidative stress has been suggested to play a role in ultraviolet A (UVA)-mediated melanogenesis. Glutathione (GSH) and GSH-related enzymes including γ-glutamate cysteine ligase (γ-GCL) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) are important antioxidant defenses responsible for maintaining cellular redox balance. Hence, improving GSH redox system to cope with oxidative insults may be ...
Volk Joachim - - 2011
Triethylene-glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) is an important matrix comonomer used in many resin-modified dental materials. As the monomer-polymer conversion of these biomaterials is up to 80% at best, TEGDMA may leach into the oral cavity and the pulp in millimolar concentrations. Objective of this study was to evaluate whether TEGDMA is ...
Ghashghaeinia Mehrdad - - 2011
Anucleated erythrocytes were long considered as oxygen-transporting cells with limited regulatory functions. Components of different nuclear signaling pathways have not been investigated in those cells, yet. Surprisingly, we repeatedly found significant amounts of transcription factors in purified erythrocyte preparations, i.e. nuclear factor κB (NFκB), and major components of the canonical ...
Lok Hiu Chuen - - 2012
Nitrogen monoxide (NO) plays a role in the cytotoxic mechanisms of activated macrophages against tumor cells by inducing iron release. We showed that NO-mediated iron efflux from cells required glutathione (GSH) (Watts, R. N., and Richardson, D. R. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 4724-4732) and that the GSH-conjugate transporter, multidrug ...
Lam Philip Y - - 2011
Tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBHP) challenge caused an initial depletion of cellular reduced glutathione (GSH), which was followed by a gradual restoration of cellular GSH in AML12, H9c2, and differentiated PC12 cells. The time-dependent changes in cellular GSH induced by tBHP were monitored as a measure of GSH recovery capacity (GRC), of which ...
Weekley Claire M CM School of Chemistry and Physics, The University of Adelaide, SA 5005, - - 2011
Selenite is an inorganic form of selenium that has a cytotoxic effect against several human cancer cell lines: one or more selenite metabolites are considered to be responsible for its toxicity. X-ray absorption spectroscopy was used to monitor Se speciation in A549 human lung cancer cells incubated with selenite over ...
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