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Ghashghaeinia Mehrdad - - 2011
Anucleated erythrocytes were long considered as oxygen-transporting cells with limited regulatory functions. Components of different nuclear signaling pathways have not been investigated in those cells, yet. Surprisingly, we repeatedly found significant amounts of transcription factors in purified erythrocyte preparations, i.e. nuclear factor κB (NFκB), and major components of the canonical ...
Lok Hiu Chuen - - 2012
Nitrogen monoxide (NO) plays a role in the cytotoxic mechanisms of activated macrophages against tumor cells by inducing iron release. We showed that NO-mediated iron efflux from cells required glutathione (GSH) (Watts, R. N., and Richardson, D. R. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 4724-4732) and that the GSH-conjugate transporter, multidrug ...
Lam Philip Y - - 2011
Tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBHP) challenge caused an initial depletion of cellular reduced glutathione (GSH), which was followed by a gradual restoration of cellular GSH in AML12, H9c2, and differentiated PC12 cells. The time-dependent changes in cellular GSH induced by tBHP were monitored as a measure of GSH recovery capacity (GRC), of which ...
Weekley Claire M CM School of Chemistry and Physics, The University of Adelaide, SA 5005, - - 2011
Selenite is an inorganic form of selenium that has a cytotoxic effect against several human cancer cell lines: one or more selenite metabolites are considered to be responsible for its toxicity. X-ray absorption spectroscopy was used to monitor Se speciation in A549 human lung cancer cells incubated with selenite over ...
Shin Young Joo - - 2011
Purpose: To investigate the protective effect of rapamycin on oxidative stress-induced cell death of human corneal endothelial cells (HCECs). Methods: HCECs were cultured according to previously published methods. With treatment of 0 mM or 5 mM of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP) with various concentrations (0, 25 and 50 nM) of rapamycin, reactive oxygen species ...
Desjardins Jacynthe - - 2012
Aim:  Tobacco use has been identified as the most important environmental risk factor for periodontitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of green tea epigallocatechin-3-gallate on the nicotine-induced toxic and inflammatory responses in oral epithelial cells and gingival fibroblasts. Methods:  The effect of nicotine, alone and ...
Zechmann Bernd - - 2011
Glutathione is an important antioxidant in most prokaryotes and eukaryotes. It detoxifies reactive oxygen species and is also involved in the modulation of gene expression, in redox signaling, and in the regulation of enzymatic activities. In this study, the subcellular distribution of glutathione was studied in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by quantitative ...
Mas Sergi - - 2011
Adverse reactions to antipsychotic drugs (APs) have been attributed to oxidative stress. Sulforaphane (SF) is a potent antioxidant that protects against dopaminergic cell death. We examined the protective properties of SF against AP-induced oxidative stress in dopaminergic neuroblastoma cells. Human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells were treated with SF (0.5-5 μm), and 24 h ...
Ganguly Avishek - - 2011
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) reduces intracellular anticancer drug accumulation either by co transporting them with glutathione (GSH) or extruding drug-GSH conjugates outside of the cell. Thus, MRP1 confers multidrug resistance (MDR) and worsen successful chemotherapeutic treatment against cancer. Although the exact mechanism of MRP1 involved in MDR remains unknown, ...
Carfagna Simona - - 2011
We analyzed the effects of deprivation and subsequent restoration of sulphate (S) in the nutrient solution on cysteine (Cys) and O-acetyl-l-serine (OAS) levels in Chlorella sorokiniana (211/8k). The removal of S from the culture medium caused a time-dependent increase in O-acetyl-l-serine(thiol)lyase (OASTL) activity and a decrease in soluble proteins content. ...
Flahou Bram - - 2011
Helicobacter (H.) suis is the most prevalent non-H. pylori Helicobacter species colonizing the stomach of humans suffering from gastric disease. In the present study, we aimed to unravel the mechanism used by H. suis to induce gastric epithelial cell damage. H. suis lysate induced mainly apoptotic death of human gastric ...
Rudd Lisa P - - 2011
4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is one of the most reactive products of lipid peroxidation and has both cytotoxic and genotoxic effects in cells. Several enzymatic pathways have been reported to detoxify HNE, including conjugation by glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs). Removal of the resulting HNE-glutathione conjugate (HNE-SG) by an efflux transporter may be required for ...
Costa Carmen L A - - 2011
Taking into account the concept of the "Trojan Horse", where contaminants may have its entry into specific organs potentiated by its association with nanoparticles, the aim of this study was to analyze the joint toxic effects induced by an organic nanoparticle, fullerene (C(60)) with the metalloid arsenic (As(III)). Hepatocytes of ...
Chonpathompikunlert Pennapa - - 2011
The antioxidant effect and potential mechanism of nitroxide radical-containing nanoparticles (RNPs) coupled with piperine (PI) were investigated in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. The effects of RNP/PI on SH-SY5Y cell lines was determined by WST assay for cell viability, nitroblue tetrazolium and deoxyribose assay for reactive oxygen species generation, ELISA assay ...
De Luca Anastasia - - 2011
Acquired drug resistance was found to be suppressed in doxorubicin resistant breast cancer cells (MCF7/Dx cells) after a pre-treatment with nitrosoglutathione (GSNO). The effect was accompanied by enhanced protein glutathionylation and accumulation of doxorubicin in the nucleus. Among the glutathionylated proteins we identified three members of the histone family; this ...
Gazdag Zoltan - - 2011
The abc1 ( - )/coq8 ( - ) gene deletion respiratory-deficient mutant NBp17 of fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe displayed a phenotypic fermentation pattern with enhanced production of glycerol and acetate, and also possessed oxidative stress-sensitive phenotypes to H(2)O(2), menadione, tBuOOH, Cd(2+), and chromate in comparison with its parental respiratory-competent strain ...
Ge Cunwang - - 2011
A cathodic stripping of Te precursor in the presence of Cd2+ and biocompatible glutathione (GSH) was reported for facile synthesis of lowly cytotoxic and highly luminescent CdTe quantum dots (QDs) in aqueous solution. The photoluminescence, electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL), toxicity, and cyto-osmosis of the QDs were evaluated to reveal their potential ...
Jia Yongsheng - - 2011
PURPOSE: To explore the protective effect of KLF4 against cytotoxicity induced by cisplatin and its possible mechanisms. METHODS: The expression levels of KLF4 were detected by RT-PCR and western blot in cancer stem-like cells derived from hepatocarcinoma (T3A-A3) and the hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2. KLF4 was knocked down in T3A-A3 ...
Okuma Eiji - - 2011
We found that glutathione (GSH) is involved in abscisic acid (ABA)-induced stomatal closure. Regulation of ABA signaling by GSH in guard cells was investigated using an Arabidopsis mutant, cad2-1, that is deficient in the first GSH biosynthesis enzyme, γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase, and a GSH-decreasing chemical, 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB). Glutathione contents in guard ...
Takapoo Maysam M Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, United - - 2011
Reduced activity of the antioxidant glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx1) correlates with increased risk of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease. However, it remains unclear whether this imbalance in antioxidant capacity directly contributes to activation of vascular cells. In response to oxidative stress, smooth muscle cells (SMCs) secrete the pro-inflammatory ...
Teng Yue - - 2011
The effects of 4-aminoantipyrine (AAP) on oxidative stress induced by glutathione (GSH) depletion in single human erythrocytes were investigated using microfluidic technique and fluorescence imaging. Most cell-based toxicity evaluations on GSH are performed with bulk experiments based on analysis of cell populations. This work established a single-cell toxicity evaluation method ...
Nunes Carla - - 2011
The molecular mechanisms inherent to cell death associated with Parkinson's disease are not clearly understood. Diverse pathways, sequence of events and models have been explored in several studies. Recently, we have proposed an integrative mechanism, encompassing the interaction of nitric oxide (NO) and a major dopamine metabolite, dihydroxyphenylacetic (DOPAC), leading ...
Cuperus Roos - - 2011
To enhance the efficacy of fenretinide (4HPR)-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in neuroblastoma, 4HPR was combined with buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), an inhibitor of glutathione (GSH) synthesis, in neuroblastoma cell lines and spheroids, the latter being a three-dimensional tumor model. 4HPR exposure (2.5-10μM, 24h) resulted in ROS induction (114-633%) and increased ...
Smirnova Galina - - 2011
Glutathione (GSH) plays an important role in bacterial cells, participating in maintenance of redox balance in the cytoplasm and in defense against many toxic compounds and stresses. In this study we demonstrate that in aerobic, exponentially growing Escherichia coli culture endogenous reduced glutathione undergoes continuous transmembrane cycling between the cells ...
Polimeni Manuela - - 2011
How anti-neoplastic agents induce multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells and the role of glutathione (GSH) in the activation of pumps such as the multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) are still open questions. In this paper we illustrate that a doxorubicin-resistant human colon cancer cell line (HT29-DX), exhibiting decreased doxorubicin accumulation ...
Psurski Mateusz - - 2011
A series of 15 mostly new dialkoxyphosphoryl alkyl and aralkyl isothiocyanates were synthesized using two alternative strategies, and their in vitro antiproliferative activity against several cancer cell lines (including drug resistant) is here demonstrated. The IC(50) values measured for the new compounds are within the range of 6.3-21.5μM, and they ...
Genoux-Bastide Estelle - - 2011
Multidrug-resistance protein 1 (MRP1) belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family. MRP1 mediates MDR (multidrug resistance) by causing drug efflux either by conjugation to glutathione (GSH) or by co-transport with free GSH (without covalent bonding between the drug and GSH). We recently reported that the calcium channel blocker verapamil can ...
Singh Harminder Pal - - 2011
Indiscriminate adoption and use of cell phone technology has tremendously increased the levels of electromagnetic field radiations (EMFr) in the natural environment. It has raised the concerns among the scientists regarding the possible risks of EMFr to living organisms. However, not much has been done to assess the damage caused ...
Gutiérrez-Praena Daniel - - 2011
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN), a cyanotoxin produced by several freshwater cyanobacteria species, has been reported to cause human and animal intoxications. CYN is a potent inhibitor of protein and glutathione synthesis. In order to study these effects, various in vitro models have been used, which are representative of the organs targeted by ...
Lee Kibeom - - 2011
Glutathione (GSH) is an abundant nonprotein thiol that plays numerous roles within the cell. Previously, we showed that Lactobacillus salivarius has the capacity to mount a glutathione-mediated acid-tolerance response. In the present work we provide evidence of a requirement for GSH by Lactobacillus reuteri and have studied the role of ...
Terashita Y - - 2011
Miniature pigs share many similar characteristics such as anatomy, physiology and body size with humans and are expected to become important animal models for therapeutic cloning using embryonic stem cells (ESCs) derived by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). In the present study, we observed that miniature pig SCNT blastocysts possessed ...
N'guessan Prudence - - 2011
The p53-transcriptional target TP53INP1 is a potent stress-response protein promoting p53 activity. We previously showed that ectopic over-expression of TP53INP1 facilitates cell cycle arrest as well as cell death. Here we report a study investigating cell death in mice deficient for TP53INP1. Surprisingly, we evidence enhanced stress-induced apoptosis in TP53INP1-deficient ...
Yamada Shigehiro - - 2011
Brachyury plays a pivotal role in the notochord formation in ascidian embryos. Ciona intestinalis Noto4 (Ci-Noto4) was isolated as a gene downstream of Ci-Bra. This gene encodes a 307 amino-acid protein with a C-terminal phosphotyrosine interaction domain (PTB/PID). Expression of Ci-Noto4 commences at the neural plate stage and is specific ...
Song Langying - - 2011
Atrioventricular (AV) cushions are the precursors of AV septum and valves. In this study, we examined roles of Smad4 during AV cushion development using a conditional gene inactivation approach. We found that endothelial/endocardial inactivation of Smad4 led to the hypocellular AV cushion defect and that both reduced cell proliferation and ...
Braunstein Marsela - - 2011
Early thymocytes possess multilineage potential, which is progressively restricted as cells transit through the double-negative stages of T-cell development. DN1 cells retain the ability to become natural killer cells, dendritic cells, B cells, and myeloid cells as well as T cells, but these options are lost by the DN3 stage. ...
Pike Kelly A - - 2011
T-cell polarization is required for cell migration and cell-cell interactions, cellular behaviors crucial for lymphocyte differentiation. Despite expression of the epithelial polarity network in T cells, neither its contribution to thymocyte polarity nor its requirement during development is known. We report here that depletion of the polarity protein Scribble in ...
Vandenberg Laura N - - 2010
The frog embryo knows its left from its right as early as the first cell cleavage. Here, at the 2-cell stage, one blastomere was injected with the fluorescent dye Oregon Green, while the other blastomere was injected with Rhodamine. The resulting pattern in the mature tadpole reveals the concordance of ...
Ozawa Manabu M Department of Animal Sciences and DH Barron Reproductive and Perinatal Biology Research Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601, - - 2011
To develop a simple method to purify blastomeres of inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm (TE) lineage using magnetic activated cell sorting. Prospective laboratory study. Embryology research laboratory. None. Trophectoderm cells of zona-free blastocysts were labeled with concanavalin A conjugated to FITC, and every nucleus in the blastocyst was labeled ...
Hall Vanessa J - - 2010
Characterization of the pluripotent cell populations within the porcine embryo is essential for understanding pluripotency and self-renewal regulation in the inner cell mass (ICM) and epiblast. In this study, we perform detailed ultrastructural and molecular characterization of the developing pluripotent cell population as it develops from the ICM to the ...
Kanayama Masaki - - 2010
The spider Achaearanea tepidariorum is emerging as a non-insect model for studying developmental biology. However, the availability of microinjection into early embryos of this spider has not been reported. We defined the early embryonic stages in A. tepidariorum and applied microinjection to its embryos. During the preblastoderm 16- and 32-nucleus ...
Tsukamoto Tatsuya - - 2010
Double fertilization, uniquely observed in plants, requires successful sperm cell delivery by the pollen tube to the female gametophyte, followed by migration, recognition and fusion of the two sperm cells with two female gametic cells. The female gametophyte not only regulates these steps but also controls the subsequent initiation of ...
Lin Suh-Chin J - - 2010
Kruppel-like transcription factors (Klfs) are essential for the induction and maintenance of pluripotency of embryonic stem cells (ESCs), yet little is known about their roles in establishing the three lineages of the pre-implantation embryo. Here, we show that Klf5 is required for the formation of the trophectoderm (TE) and the ...
Yu Jianxin A JA Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, State University of New York, Upstate Medical University, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, NY 13210, - - 2011
Signaling through cell adhesion complexes plays a critical role in coordinating cytoskeletal remodeling necessary for efficient cell migration. During embryonic development, normal morphogenesis depends on a series of concerted cell movements; but the roles of cell adhesion signaling during these movements are poorly understood. The transparent zebrafish embryo provides an ...
Chen Xiuping - - 2010
This study was conducted to determine the effect of microinjection of a single blastomere from in vitro fertilization (IVF)-derived eight-cell embryo into eight-cell cloned embryos harboring the gene encoding recombinant human lactoferrin (rhLF), GFP, and NEO markers in bovine. The reconstructed chimeric embryos were assessed for their development to blastocyst, ...
Akagi Satoshi - - 2011
We examined the effects of treatment with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), trichostatin A (TSA) and scriptaid (SCR), on the blastocyst formation rate in bovine somatic cell nuclear transferred (SCNT) embryos derived from fibroblast cells. Three fibroblast cell lines (L1, L2 and L3) were used as somatic cell donors to produce ...
Chan Xin Yi - - 2011
Spiralian embryogenesis is found in a number of animal phyla, but the molecular mechanisms that pattern these embryos remain poorly understood. A hallmark of spiralian development is the production of tiers of cells, called quartets, that share distinct developmental potentials. Many RNAs have been discovered that are segregated into particular ...
Tarkowski Andrzej K - - 2010
Cell and developmental studies have clarified how, by the time of implantation, the mouse embryo forms three primary cell lineages: epiblast (EPI), primitive endoderm (PE), and trophectoderm (TE). However, it still remains unknown when cells allocated to these three lineages become determined in their developmental fate. To address this question, ...
Yang Bz - - 2010
The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of cryopreservation of inter-subspecies cloned embryos in buffalo. In our experiment, river buffalo ear fibroblast nucleus was fused into swamp buffalo oocyte cytoplasm. The blastocyst formation rate for nuclear transfer of freshly thawed cells was not different from those of ...
Rathbone Alex J - - 2010
The birth of live animals following somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has demonstrated that oocytes can reprogram the genome of differentiated cells. However, in all species the frequency of development of healthy offspring is low; for example, in sheep, approximately only 5% of blastocysts transferred develop to term, and less ...
Himaki Takehiro - - 2010
The present study was carried out to examine the effects of post-activation treatment of trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, on in vitro development and transgene function of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos derived from Clawn miniature pig embryonic fibroblast (PEF) transfected with a bacterial endo-β-galactosidase C gene ...
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