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Lindqvist Andreas A Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University Diabetes Centre, Malmö, - - 2014
The most frequently used and effective treatment for morbid obesity is Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB), which results in rapid remission of type 2 diabetes in most cases. To what extent this is accounted for by weight loss or other factors remains elusive. To gain insight into these mechanisms, we ...
Jin Yong-Xun YX Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Republic of - - 2014
Pigs are anatomically and physiologically closer to humans than other laboratory animals. Transgenic (TG) pigs are widely used as models of human diseases. The aim of this study was to produce pigs expressing a tetracycline (Tet)-inducible transgene. The Tet-on system was first tested in infected donor cells. Porcine fetal fibroblasts ...
Pavuluri Suresh - - 2013
Exposure to irritants such as tobacco smoke (TS) causes acute airway inflammation. Chronic exposure may cause airway remodeling contributing to enhanced airway resistance. We hypothesize that combining airway sensitization and inhalation of irritants enhances the number of mucous producing cells beyond either agent alone. Guinea pigs were antigen sensitized or ...
Katahira Nobuyuki - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Administration of diluted solutions of gadoteridol might cause considerably less toxic effects on cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs). Objectives: Visualization of endolymphatic hydrops is done by intratympanic injection of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) and three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (3-D FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging. Here, we investigated the physiological ...
Wei Hongjiang - - 2013
Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is an important method of breeding quality varieties, expanding groups, and preserving endangered species. However, the viability of SCNT embryos is poor, and the cloned rate of animal production is low in pig. This study aims to investigate the gene function and establish a disease ...
Xin Jige J Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Embryo Engineering, College of Animal Science, Jilin University, Changchun, China ; Key Laboratory of Banna Mini-pig Inbred Line of Yunnan Province, Animal Science and Technology College, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, - - 2013
Inbred mini-pigs are ideal organ donors for future human xenotransplantations because of their clear genetic background, high homozygosity, and high inbreeding endurance. In this study, we chose fibroblast cells from a highly inbred pig line called Banna mini-pig inbred line (BMI) as donor nuclei for nuclear transfer, combining with transcription ...
Kim Jin-Ah JA Department of Physiology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, 303 E. Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL, 60611, - - 2012
Unipolar brush cells (UBCs) are excitatory cerebellar granular layer interneurons whose brush-like dendrites receive one-to-one mossy fiber inputs. Subclasses of UBCs differ primarily by expressing metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) 1α or calretinin. We used GENSAT Tg(Grp-EGFP) BAC transgenic mice, which selectively express enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in mGluR1α-positive UBCs ...
Moncorgé Olivier O Section of Virology, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, St. Mary's Campus, London, United - - 2013
Reassortant influenza viruses with combinations of avian, human, and/or swine genomic segments have been detected frequently in pigs. As a consequence, pigs have been accused of being a "mixing vessel" for influenza viruses. This implies that pig cells support transcription and replication of avian influenza viruses, in contrast to human ...
Lee Dong-Soo - - 2012
True hermaphrodites are animals of equivocal sex in which both male and female gonads develop simultaneously in the same individual. The frequency of true hermaphroditism is relatively higher in pigs than in other domestic animals. Two Korean pigs were diagnosed with true hermaphroditism showing ovotestes, epididymides, a penis, and uteri. ...
Serdiuk T - - 2012
Covalent grafting of amino groups onto the carboxylic acid functionalities, naturally covering the surface of fluorescent nanoparticles produced from silicon carbide (SiC NPs), allowed tuning of their surface charge from negative to highly positive. Incubating 3T3-L1 fibroblast cells with differently charged SiC NPs demonstrates the crucial role of the charge ...
Higaki-Mori Hiromi - - 2012
Merkel cell polyomavirus is a novel polyomavirus that is monoclonally integrated into genomes of up to 80% of human Merkel cell carcinomas. Merkel cell polyomavirus-positive Merkel cell carcinomas showed less metastatic tendency and better prognosis according to some reports, whereas others disagree. In this study, we analyzed clinicopathological characteristics of ...
Gupta N - - 2012
N. Gupta, D. John, N. Dudding, J. Crossley and J. H. F. Smith Factors contributing to false-negative and potential false-negative cytology reports in SurePath™liquid-based cervical cytology Objectives:  The characteristics of false-negative conventional cervical cytology smears have been well documented, but there is limited literature available for liquid-based cytology (LBC), especially ...
Hussaini Haizal M - - 2012
The hallmark of the histology of epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) is the presence of a regular repetitive mixture of bilayered duct-like structures with an outer layer of myoepithelial cells and inner ductal epithelial cells. Clear cell change in the myoepithelial component is common, but clearing of both cell types, giving an ...
Kim Sang Hwan - - 2012
Follicles are important in oocyte maturation. Successful estrous cycle requires remodeling of follicular cells, and proper execution of programmed cell death is crucial for normal follicular development. The objectives of the present study were to understand programmed cell death during follicle development, to analyze the differential follicle development patterns, and ...
Li Yonghua - - 2011
In this study, we used a system of human liver microsomes to investigate the antimyeloma and antiangiogenic activities of thalidomide. Myeloma cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with thalidomide alone or thalidomide incubated with human liver microsomal protein. We found that thalidomide alone had no direct ...
George Aman - - 2011
Abstract Here, we report the isolation and characterization of embryonic stem (ES) cell-like cells from cloned blastocysts, generated using fibroblasts derived from an adult buffalo (BAF). These nuclear transfer embryonic stem cell-like cells (NT-ES) grew in well-defined and dome-shaped colonies. The expression pattern of pluripotency marker genes was similar in ...
Christodoulou Constantina - - 2011
The directed differentiation of iPS and ES cells into definitive endoderm (DE) would allow the derivation of otherwise inaccessible progenitors for endodermal tissues. However, a global comparison of the relative equivalency of DE derived from iPS and ES populations has not been performed. Recent reports of molecular differences between iPS ...
Yang Peng - - 2011
Histone demethylase LSD1 can form complex with different Rcor family corepressors in different cell types. It remains unknown if cell-specific Rcor proteins function specifically in distinct cell types. Here, we report that Rcor2 is predominantly expressed in ESCs and forms a complex with LSD1 and facilitates its nucleosomal demethylation activity. ...
Gill Jennifer G - - 2011
The reprogramming of somatic cells to inducible pluripotent stem cells requires a mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition. While differentiating ESCs can undergo the reverse process or epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), little is known about the role of EMT in ESC differentiation and fate commitment. Here, we show that Snail homolog 1 (Snail) is expressed ...
Biechele Steffen - - 2011
Wnt signaling plays important roles in development and disease. The X-chromosomal Porcupine homolog gene (Porcn) encodes an evolutionary conserved member of the membrane bound O-acyl transferase (MBOAT) superfamily that has been shown to be required for the palmitoylation and secretion of Wnt3a, a mechanism that has been suggested to be ...
Lee Kun-Hsiung - - 2011
The inhibition of endogenous differentiation-inducing signaling or the enhancement of growth capacity and viability of pre-implantation embryos, via 2i (PD0325901 and CHIR99021), dramatically improves the establishment of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Using adrenocorticotropic hormone fragments 1-24 (ACTH 1-24), which enhances survival and/or proliferation of mouse ES (mES) cells, also ...
Osakada Fumitaka - - 2011
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are derived from the inner cell mass (ICM) of blastocyst stage embryos, while induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are generated from somatic cells through transient overexpression of defined transcription factors. When transplanted into a preimplantation embryo, ES cells and iPS cells can differentiate into any cell ...
Kitazawa Ayako - - 2011
Mouse induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are known to have the ability to differentiate into various cell lineages including neurons in vitro. We have reported that chick dorsal root ganglion (DRG)-conditioned medium (CM) promoted the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells into motor neurons. We investigated the formation of ...
Amimoto Naoki - - 2011
We have focused on pluripotent stem cells as a potential source of a hybrid-type artificial liver (HAL) and tried to develop a method for differentiating the pluripotent stem cells into cells of a hepatic lineage. In this study, we investigated the hepatic differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells and ...
Raof Nurazhani Abdul - - 2011
The ability of embryonic stem (ES) cells to self-renew indefinitely and to differentiate into multiple cell lineages holds promise for advances in modeling disease progression, screening drugs and treating diseases. To realize these potentials, it is imperative to study self-assembly in an embryonic microenvironment, as this may increase our understanding ...
Fujikawa-Yamamoto K - - 2011
Objectives:  DNA content of diploid H1 (ES) cells (2H1 cells) has been shown to be stable in long-term culture; however, tetraploid and octaploid H1 (ES) cells (4H1 and 8H1 cells, respectively) were DNA-unstable. Pentaploid H1 (ES) cells (5H1 cells) established recently have been found to be DNA-stable; how, then is ...
Li Fuming - - 2011
Induction of definitive endoderm (DE) cells is a prerequisite for the whole process of embryonic stem (ES) cells differentiating into hepatic or pancreatic progenitor cells. We have established an efficient method to induce mouse ES cell-derived DE cells in suspension embryonic body (EB) culture. Similar to previous studies, mouse ES ...
Menendez Sergio - - 2011
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are invaluable for their therapeutic potential as well as for the study of early development. Their clinical use demands an understanding of ES cell differentiation, particularly with respect to cell proliferation and the maintenance of genomic integrity, processes for which the transcription factor p53 is essential. ...
Val-Bernal José Fernando - - 2011
Exuberant reparative reactions resembling sarcoma have been reported in the genitourinary tract, thyroid, breast, lymph node, oral cavity and skin, but not in a varicose vein. Presented herein is the case of a 55-year-old man who showed an incidental nodular lesion in the wall of a varicose vein on the ...
Maeda Toyoki - - 2011
Embryonic stem (ES) cell is well known as a totipotent cell, which is derived from a blastcyst and has potential to differentiate into every kind of somatic cell. ES cell bears self-renewal characteristic as well as differentiation potential. ES cell bears telomerase activity to avoid telomere shortening, which is a ...
Hussein Samer M - - 2011
The mechanisms underlying the low efficiency of reprogramming somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are poorly understood. There is a clear need to study whether the reprogramming process itself compromises genomic integrity and, through this, the efficiency of iPS cell establishment. Using a high-resolution single nucleotide polymorphism array, ...
Casanova Miguel M Developmental Epigenetics Group, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, - - 2011
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins play an important role in the control of developmental gene expression in higher organisms. In mammalian systems, PcG proteins participate in the control of pluripotency, cell fate, cell cycle regulation, X chromosome inactivation and parental imprinting. In this study we have analysed the function of the ...
Higuchi Yuichiro - - 2011
Embryonic stem (ES) cells or induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are expected as a surrogate cell source for regenerative medicine. Many researchers have reported the differentiation method of insulin-expressing pancreatic β cells from ES or iPS cells. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying the differentiation of ES or iPS cells ...
Behboodi E - - 2011
Embryonic stem (ES) cells with the capacity for germ line transmission have only been verified in mouse and rat. Methods for derivation, propagation, and differentiation of ES cells from domestic animals have not been fully established. Here, we describe derivation of ES cells from goat embryos. In vivo-derived embryos were ...
Tichy Elisia D - - 2011
Accumulation of mutations in embryonic stem (ES) cells would be detrimental to an embryo derived from these cells, and would adversely affect multiple organ systems and tissue types. ES cells have evolved multiple mechanisms to preserve genomic integrity that extend beyond those found in differentiated cell types. The present study ...
Sonnemann Jürgen - - 2011
Mutation of p53 is rare in Ewing's sarcoma (ES), suggesting that targeting and activation of wild-type p53 may be an effective therapeutic strategy for ES. The recently developed small-molecule MDM2 inhibitor nutlin-3 restores wild-type p53 function, resulting in the inhibition of cancer cell growth and the induction of apoptosis. In ...
Kuboyama Ayumi - - 2011
Abstracts To evaluate the defence capacities of embryonic stem (ES) cells against gene impairment, this study measured the levels of 8-hydroxyguanine (8-OH-Gua), a well-known marker of oxidative stress in DNA, and its repair capacity during differentiation. Undifferentiated ES cells (EB3) were cultured without leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) for 0, 4 ...
Bock Christoph - - 2011
The developmental potential of human pluripotent stem cells suggests that they can produce disease-relevant cell types for biomedical research. However, substantial variation has been reported among pluripotent cell lines, which could affect their utility and clinical safety. Such cell-line-specific differences must be better understood before one can confidently use embryonic ...
Kim Choong - - 2011
This paper proposes a microfluidic device for the on-chip differentiation of an embryoid body (EB) formed in a microwell via 3-dimensional cultures of mouse embryonic carcinoma (EC) cells. The device adjusted the size of the EB by fluid volume, differentiated the EB by chemical treatment, and evaluated its effects in ...
Shiozawa Seiji - - 2011
Nonhuman primate embryonic stem (ES) cells have vast promise for preclinical studies. Genetic modification in nonhuman primate ES cells is an essential technique for maximizing the potential of these cells. The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), a nonhuman primate, is expected to be a useful transgenic model for preclinical studies. However, ...
Kim In Sook - - 2011
Electrical stimulation (ES) is a promising technique for axonal regeneration of peripheral nerve injuries. However, long-term, continuous ES in the form of biphasic electric current (BEC) to stimulate axonal regeneration has rarely been attempted and the effects of BEC on Schwann cells are unknown. We hypothesized that long-term, continuous ES ...
Yusa Kosuke - - 2011
DNA transposons have been widely used for transgenesis and insertional mutagenesis in various organisms. Among the transposons active in mammalian cells, the moth-derived transposon piggyBac is most promising with its highly efficient transposition, large cargo capacity, and precise repair of the donor site. Here we report the generation of a ...
Shin J Y - - 2011
Testis-derived male germ-line stem (GS) cells, the in vitro counterpart of spermatogonial stem cells, can acquire multipotency under appropriate culture conditions to become multipotent adult germ-line stem (maGS) cells, which, upon testicular transplantation, produce teratomas instead of initiating spermatogenesis. This study evaluated the DNA methylation and expression of imprinted microRNA ...
Markman Janet L - - 2011
HIV-1-based vectors are widely used in gene therapy. In somatic cells, these vectors mainly integrate within genes. However, no distinct integration site preferences have been observed with regard to large chromosomal regions. The recent emergence of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, similar to embryonic stem (ES) cells, has raised questions ...
Gao Bin - - 2011
The development of regenerative therapies using derivatives of embryonic stem (ES) cells would be facilitated by a non-invasive method to monitor transplanted cells in vivo, for example, magnetic resonance imaging of cells labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles. Although ES cells have been labeled with SPIO particles, the potential ...
Jeong S H - - 2011
Bovine transgenic embryonic stem (ES) cells have not been reported yet because it seems that the derivation methods and the culture conditions for the inner cell mass are neither consistent nor optimized. Isolation of inner cell mass and primary culture of ES colonies is a critical step toward the establishment ...
Zhang Y H - - 2011
Pluripotent cells derived from any differentiated cell type through ectopic expression of transcription factors were designated as induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, exhibiting similar morphology and growth properties to embryonic stem (ES) cells besides expressing ES cell marker. Because iPS have the ability to differentiate into all types of cells, ...
Smith Raymond A A - - 2011
ES (embryonic stem) cell differentiation is dependent on the presence of HS (heparan sulfate). We have demonstrated that, during differentiation, the evolution of specific cell lineages is associated with particular patterns of GAG (glycosaminoglycan) expression. For example, different HS epitopes are synthesized during neural or mesodermal lineage formation. Cell lines ...
Su Hong - - 2011
Argonautes (Agos) are core effectors of RNA silencing. In several nonmammalian organisms, multiple Agos are known to exhibit specialized functions for distinct RNA silencing pathway. Mammals have four closely related Agos. To examine the functions of mammalian Agos in the microRNA silencing pathway, we generated mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells ...
Kawasaki Hideya - - 2011
In humans, cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most significant infectious cause of intrauterine infections that cause congenital anomalies of the central nervous system. Currently, it is not known how this process is affected by the timing of infection and the susceptibility of early-gestational-period cells. Embryonic stem (ES) cells are more resistant ...
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