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Tan Dan D MOE Key Lab of Bioinformatics, National Engineering Laboratory for Anti-tumor Protein Therapeutics, School of Life Science, Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China; Institute of Bioengineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, 310014, - - 2014
The halophile Halomonas TD01 and its derivatives have been successfully developed as a low-cost platform for the unsterile and continuous production of chemicals. Therefore, to increase the genetic engineering stability of this platform, the DNA restriction/methylation system of Halomonas TD01 was partially inhibited. In addition, a stable and conjugative plasmid ...
Cha Hye-Geun HG Department of Biotechnology, Korea National University of Transportation, Jeungpyung 368-701, - - 2014
We evaluated a more practical and cost-effective immobilization carriers for ethanol production using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Three candidate materials-rice hull, rice straw, and sawdust-were tested for their cell-adsorption capacity and operational durability. Derivatizations of rice hull, rice straw, and sawdust with the optimal concentration of 0.5 M of 2-(diethylamino)ethyl ...
Brees Chantal C KU Leuven - University of Leuven, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Laboratory of Lipid Biochemistry and Protein Interactions, B-3000 Leuven, - - 2014
Electroporation is one of the most efficient non-viral methods for transferring exogenous DNA into mammalian cells. However, the relatively high costs of electroporation kits and reagents temper the routine use of this fast and easy to perform technique in many laboratories. Several years ago, a new flexible and easy to ...
Fereydouni Bentolhoda B B Fereydouni, Stem Cell Biology Unit, German Primate Center, Göttingen, - - 2014
Oogonia are characterized by diploidy and mitotic proliferation. Human and mouse oogonia express several factors such as OCT4, which are characteristic of pluripotent cells. In the human, almost all oogonia enter meiosis between the 9th and 22nd week of prenatal development or undergo mitotic arrest and subsequent elimination from the ...
Zhu Hai-Ying HY Department of Animal Science,Agricultural College of Yanbian University, Yanji 133002, P. R. - - 2014
Interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) is a promising method to clone endangered animals from which oocytes are difficult to obtain. Monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 (mRFP1) is an excellent selection marker for transgenically modified cloned embryos during somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). In this study, mRFP-expressing rhesus monkey cells ...
Yang Hui - - 2013
Recent success in the derivation of haploid embryonic stem cells (haESCs) from mouse via parthenogenesis and androgenesis has enabled genetic screening in mammalian cells and generation of gene-modified animals. However, whether haESCs can be derived from primates remains unknown. Here, we report the derivation of haESCs from parthenogenetic blastocysts of ...
Shimozawa Nobuhiro - - 2013
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells established by introduction of the transgenes POU5F1 (also known as Oct3/4), SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC have competence similar to embryonic stem (ES) cells. iPS cells generated from cynomolgus monkey somatic cells by using genes taken from the same species would be a particularly important resource, ...
Moore Tara L - - 2013
Abstract We investigated the efficacy on recovery of function following controlled cortical ischemia in the monkey of the investigational cell drug product, CNTO 0007. This drug contains a cellular component, human umbilical tissue-derived cells, in a proprietary thaw and inject formulation. Results demonstrate significantly better recovery of motor function in ...
Ginocchio Christine C - - 2013
Here we describe the identification of endogenous Coccidioides posadasii contamination in commercial rhesus monkey kidney (RhMK) cells and the subsequent nationwide alert that reduced the risk of laboratory exposure. This extraordinary event highlights the necessity for laboratories to remain vigilant in the use of appropriate biosafety procedures, particularly when working ...
Takei Shigiko - - 2012
Veterinary x-ray photography and examinations of synovial fluid, blood and urine were conducted on a Cynomolgus Monkey from China (5 years old) which exhibited macroscopically visible systemic joint swelling after the quarantine period. The presence of inflammatory cells in the synovial fluid obtained by arthrocentesis, high counts of neutrophils, monocytes ...
Lupu-Meiri Monica - - 2012
High levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), which is produced by stromal, endothelial, and cancer cells and has multiple complex effects on cancers, correlate with poor cancer prognosis. To more definitively study the role of endogenously produced PAI-1 in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) PANC-1 cell line biology, we used anti-PAI-1 ...
Almeida D V - - 2012
The experiment described the morphological and morphometrical characteristics as well as estimate the population of primordial, primary and secondary ovarian follicles from common squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). Ovaries (n=10) from five senile squirrel monkeys were collected after natural death and processed for classical histology. The mean ovarian population was estimated ...
Cipriani Sara - - 2012
Urate is the end product of purine metabolism and a major antioxidant circulating in humans. Recent data link higher levels of urate with a reduced risk of developing Parkinson's disease and with a slower rate of its progression. In this study, we investigated the role of astrocytes in urate-induced protection ...
Jin Biao - - 2012
Pollination drop (PD) secretion plays a critical role in wind pollination in many gymnosperms. We conducted detailed investigations on PD secretion in Ginkgo biloba, and found that PDs could not form when the micropyle was removed, but were able to form after removal of the shoot, leaves, ovular stalk, or ...
Black Kvar C L - - 2013
A novel biomimetic strategy was employed for presenting antibodies on gold nanorods (NRs) to target growth factor receptors on cancer cells for use in photothermal therapy. Polydopamine (PD) was polymerized onto gold NRs, and EGF receptor antibodies (anti-EGFR) were immobilized onto the layer. Cell-binding affinity and light-activated cell death of ...
Dehay Benjamin - - 2012
Mutations in ATP13A2 (PARK9) cause an autosomal recessive form of early-onset parkinsonism with pyramidal degeneration and dementia called Kufor-Rakeb Syndrome (KRS). The ATP13A2 gene encodes a transmembrane lysosomal P5-type ATPase (ATP13A2) whose physiological function in mammalian cells, and hence its potential role in Parkinson disease (PD), remains elusive. In this ...
Abasi Mozhgan - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder in which the nigro-striatal dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons have been selectively lost. Due to side effects of levodopa, a dopamine precursor drug, recently cell replacement therapy for PD has been considered. Lack of sufficient amounts of, embryos and ethical problems regarding the use of ...
Zhang Xiaoliang - - 2012
Pd nanoparticles were introduced to individual Bacillus cells and dispersedly anchored on both the inside and outside of the cell walls. The anchored nanoparticles served as "seeds" to drive the formation of double metallic layers forming a metal-cell wall-metal sandwich structure at the single-cell level.
Onn Leong Chee - - 2012
4-Chloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (4-Cl-o-PD) is a halogenated aromatic diamine that was used as a precursor for manufacturing permanent hair dyes. Despite its well-documented mutagenic and carcinogenic effects in a number of in vitro and in vivo models, its cytotoxicity and mode of action have not received similar attention. Here, we investigated the ...
Lan Dan-Mei - - 2012
Accumulation of α-synuclein (α-Syn) is a common pathology for both familiar and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD), enhancing its clearance might be a promising strategy for treating PD. To assess the potential of trehalose in this regard, we investigated its effect on the PC12 cells overexpressing wild type (WT) or A53T ...
Bolfarini Gisele C - - 2012
The aims of this study were two fold; to develop magnetoliposomes (MLs) loaded with zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) complexed with cucurbituril (CB) (CB:ZnPc-MLs) and to evaluate their in vitro photodynamic (PD) and/or hyperthermia (HT) effects while using melanoma cells (B16-F10) as model. The liposomal formulations were characterized by both average diameter ...
Dehay Benjamin - - 2012
Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder pathologically characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons from the substantia nigra pars compacta and the presence, in affected brain regions, of protein inclusions named Lewy bodies (LBs). The ATP13A2 gene (locus PARK9) encodes the protein ATP13A2, a lysosomal type 5 P-type ...
Du Guang-Jian GJ Tang Center for Herbal Medicine Research, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2013
Panaxadiol (PD) is a purified sapogenin of ginseng saponins, which exhibits anticancer activity. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major catechin in green tea, is a strong botanical antioxidant. In this study, we investigated the possible synergistic anticancer effects of PD and EGCG on human colorectal cancer cells and explored the potential ...
Park Hyun-Jung - - 2012
Growing evidence has demonstrated that neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) is significantly decreased in Parkinson's disease (PD). Modulation of endogenous neurogenesis would have a significant impact on future therapeutic strategies for neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, we investigated the augmentative effects of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) on ...
Wang Xinglong - - 2012
Mitochondrial dysfunction represents a critical event during the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and expanding evidences demonstrate that an altered balance in mitochondrial fission/fusion is likely an important mechanism leading to mitochondrial and neuronal dysfunction/degeneration. In this study, we investigated whether DJ-1 is involved in the regulation of mitochondrial dynamics ...
Gui Ya-Xing - - 2012
Herbicides have been recognized as the main environmental factor associated with human neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease(PD). Previous studies indicated that the exposure to glyphosate, a widely used herbicide, is possibly linked to Parkinsonism, however the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We investigated the neurotoxic effects of glyphosate in differentiated ...
Qi Hongyi - - 2012
Dopamine toxicity is an ongoing controversy surrounding the use of levadopa (L: -Dopa) in the therapy of Parkinson's disease. The initial objective of this study was to investigate the potential of neuroprotective botanicals such as Z-ligustilide in reducing the cytotoxicity of dopamine. We surprisingly found that Z-ligustilide potentiated dopamine toxicity ...
Lee Jeong Eun - - 2012
Although the underlying cause of Parkinson's disease (PD) is not well characterized, epidemiological studies suggest that exposure to agricultural chemicals is a risk factor for PD. Fluazinam (FZN) is a new active ingredient for the control of grey mould, belonging to the novel broad spectrum phenylpyridinamine fungicides. We used human ...
Rotaru Amelia-Elena - - 2012
The use of microorganisms as support for reduction of dissolved Pd(II) to immobilized Pd(0) nanoparticles is an environmentally friendly approach for Pd recovery from waste. To better understand and engineer Pd(0) nanoparticle synthesis, one has to consider the mechanisms by which Pd(II) is reduced on microbial surfaces. Escherichia coli, Shewanella ...
Mukai Rie - - 2012
Abstract Quercetin is ubiquitously distributed in plant foods. This antioxidative polyphenol is mostly converted to conjugated metabolites in the body. Parkinson disease (PD) has been suggested to be related to oxidative stress derived from abnormal dopaminergic activity. We evaluated if dietary quercetin contributes to the antioxidant network in the central ...
Xu Min - - 2012
In plants, plasmodesmata (PD) serve as channels for micromolecular and macromolecular cell-to-cell transport. Based on structure, PD in immature tissues are classified into two types, simple and branched (X- and Y-shaped) or twinned. The maximum size of molecules capable of PD transport defines PD aperture, known as the PD size ...
Peoples Cassandra - - 2012
We have shown previously that photobiomodulation or near-infrared light (NIr) treatment protects dopaminergic cells of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) in an acute MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) model of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we tested the protective and rescue action of NIr treatment in a chronic MPTP model, developed ...
Zhang Yue - - 2012
PURPOSE: Delivery of siRNA into cells remains a critical challenge. Our lab has shown a novel polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer with modified pentaerythritol derivative core (PD dendrimer) to exhibit high plasmid DNA transfection efficiency and low cytotoxicity. Here, we evaluate PD dendrimer as a siRNA carrier. METHODS: Agarose gel electrophoresis and ...
Kurtz Armin - - 2012
The aspartyl protease renin is the rate limiting activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Renin is synthesized as an enzymatically inactive proenzyme which is constitutively secreted from several tissues. Only renin-expressing cells in the kidney are capable of generating active renin from prorenin, which is stored in prominent vesicles and ...
Minhas Anupriya - - 2012
PPZ1 orthologs, novel members of a phosphoprotein phosphatase family of phosphatases, are found only in fungi. They regulate diverse physiological processes in fungi e.g. ion homeostasis, cell size, cell integrity, etc. Although they are an important determinant of salt tolerance in fungi, their physiological role remained unexplored in any halotolerant ...
Schildknecht Stefan - - 2012
Astrocytes are activated in most chronic neurodegenerative diseases associated with inflammatory events such as Parkinson«s disease or Alzheimer«s disease, but also in stroke. Due to an aging population worldwide, research efforts in these areas are likely to expand in the future. This will entail an increased demand for appropriate experimental ...
Yan Fei - - 2012
The p25 triple gene block protein of Potato virus X (PVX) is multifunctional, participating in viral movement and acting as a suppressor of RNA silencing. The cell-to-cell movement of PVX is known to depend on the suppression function of p25. GFP-fused p25 accumulates in rod-like (RL) structures with intense fluorescence ...
Maule Andy - - 2012
Cell-to-cell communication is fundamental to multicellular life. For this to occur effectively there must be pathways and dynamic networks for communication. These might depend upon electrical or chemical signals or the mass transfer of molecules between adjacent cells. Molecular communication occurs either via an extra-cellular pathway or through physical structures, ...
Venderova Katerina K University of the Pacific, Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Stockton, CA 95211, USA. - - 2012
Parkinson's disease is a debilitating disorder characterized by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons caused by programmed cell death. The aim of this review is to provide an up-to-date summary of the major programmed cell death pathways as they relate to PD. For a long time, programmed cell death has ...
Porat Ziv Z Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, - - 2011
Exposure of live cells to shear flow induces major changes in cell shape, adhesion to the extracellular matrix, and migration. In the present study, we show that exposure of cultured multiple myeloma (MM) cells to shear flow of 4-36 dynes/cm(2) triggers the extension of long tubular protrusions (denoted flow-induced protrusions, or ...
Guan Ziqiang - - 2012
To cope with life in hypersaline environments, halophilic archaeal proteins are enriched in acidic amino acids. This strategy does not, however, offer a response to transient changes in salinity, as would post-translational modifications. To test this hypothesis, N-glycosylation of the Haloferax volcanii S-layer glycoprotein was compared in cells grown in ...
Lu Ming - - 2012
The present study aims to investigate the regulatory effect of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) on cAMP homeostasis and renin degranulation in As4.1 and rat renin-rich kidney cells. It was found in the present study that NaHS at 0.1-10 μM significantly decreased cAMP production in As4.1 cells treated with isoproterenol (a β-adrenoceptor ...
Jankowski Jakob - - 2011
Programmed cell death is essential for the homeostasis of tissues and organs. During the development of the central nervous system, programmed cell death is highly regulated and restricted to distinct developmental time points of histogenesis. In this review, we will summarize recent data on the temporal and spatial distribution of ...
Zhao Yan - - 2011
A novel rhodamine-based fluorescent chemosensor (RND) was synthesized that contains two independent fluorophores and acts as a very sensitive, selective and reversible off-on probe for Hg(II). Importantly, this newly developed sensing system exhibited different fluorescent responses toward Hg(II) and Mg(II) at 589nm and 523nm, respectively. RND also displayed detectable color ...
Feng Yun - - 2011
Angiotensin II (AngII) is a multifunctional bioactive peptide in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a newly identified component of RAS. The role of AngII and ACE2 in the metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the effects on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are still unknown. In ...
Castellanos Rivera Ruth M RM Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2011
Renin-expressing cells are crucial in the control of blood pressure and fluid-electrolyte homeostasis. Notch receptors convey cell-cell signals that may regulate the renin cell phenotype. Because the common downstream effector for all Notch receptors is the transcription factor RBP-J, we used a conditional knockout approach to delete RBP-J in cells ...
Mendez Mariela - - 2011
Renin is essential for blood pressure control. Renin is stored in granules in juxtaglomerular (JG) cells, located in the pole of the renal afferent arterioles. The second messenger cAMP stimulates renin release. However, it is unclear whether fusion and exocytosis of renin-containing granules is involved. In addition, the role of ...
Perez-Diaz Ivan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To assess the presence of a local angiotensin-generating systems (LAGS) and its participation in tumor growth in the human pancreatic cancer derived cell line Capan-1. METHODS:: Capan-1 cells were cultured in Dulbecco modified Eagle medium, and angiotensin I was assayed by radioimmunoassay and angiotensin II and vascular endothelial growth ...
Tirado-Vélez Jose Manuel - - 2011
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable disease accompanied by low plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c). The significance of altered cholesterol metabolism in the pathophysiology of MM remains elusive. Although it has been hypothesized that myeloma cells depend on exogenous cholesterol for its survival, the role of LDL-c on ...
Hao Mu - - 2011
Despite unsurpassed anti-tumor activity of bortezomib for multiple myeloma (MM), drug resistance has emerged as a challenge, especially when MM cells adhere to the stroma. This study aimed to determine whether bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) have a role in the development of chemoresistance in MM. Our data demonstrate that ...
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