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Gupta Ritu - - 2010
Increases in regulatory T-cells have been demonstrated in hematological malignancies but conflicting results have been reported in multiple myeloma (MM). In this study, we report a decrease in frequency of regulatory T-cells as well as reduced expression of FoxP3 in untreated MM patients which increased significantly after treatment. Regulatory T-cells ...
Skliris Antonis - - 2010
Serglycin (SG) is a proteoglycan expressed by hematopoietic cells and is constitutively secreted by multiple myeloma (MM) cells. SG participates in the regulation of various inflammatory events. We found that SG secreted by human MM cell lines inhibits both the classical and lectin pathways of complement, without influencing alternative pathway ...
Yang Yang - - 2010
This study was designed to determine the impact of chrysoeriol on proliferation and cell cycle progression in the human multiple myeloma cell lines RPMI 8226 and KM3, and its related molecular mechanisms. Chryseoriol was identified by using the phosphorylated AKT-specific cytoblot high throughput assay. CCK-8 assay was employed to examine ...
Bacher Ulrike - - 2010
To further clarify the transformation from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) to plasma cell myeloma (PCM), we compared interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) patterns in 381 MGUS and 301 PCM patients. According to the World Health Organization and the International Myeloma Working Group, a threshold of 10% of ...
Shimizu Makiko - - 2010
Effect of CF(3)-STLC, a potent kinesin spindle protein (KSP) inhibitor, on K562 human CML cell line was investigated. Treatment with CF(3)-STLC induced mitotic arrest of the cell cycle with the appearance of characteristic monoastral spindles, subsequent apoptotic cell death and cleavage of PARP-1, caspase-3, and 4E-BP1. The wide ranging caspase ...
Rossi María Pía - - 2010
The authors demonstrate a novel, efficient, and widely applicable approach to direct the patterning of ligand-functionalized organic nanoparticles derived from albumin on nonconductive, biodegradable polymeric substrates. In contrast to traditional deposition methods for inorganic nanoparticles, the approach involves oxygen plasma treatment of spatially restricted regions on a nonbiopermissive polymer. Albumin ...
Sagan D - - 2010
The CD95 pathway is a potent inducer of apoptosis in nucleated cells and this death receptor is important for proper blood cell development. Although it is expressed in red blood cells, its functional role in erythrocytes is not well documented. These anucleated cells can undergo cell death via eryptosis, a ...
Kim Ha-Yon - - 2010
AMD3100, an antagonist of the CXCR4 chemokine receptor is soon to be used clinically for the peripheral mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in patients with multiple myeloma. AMD3100 has been shown to activate a G protein coupled with CXCR4 and thus acts as a partial CXCR4 agonist in vitro. ...
Hernandez Jeniffer B JB The Institute for Immunology and the Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-3900, - - 2010
The thymus is an organ vital to proper T cell development, and the regulation of cell survival and death contributes significantly to its efficient function. Vital to many of the developmental processes that occur in the thymus, control over cell survival and death is orchestrated by several signaling processes. In ...
Li Ming M H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL 33612, - - 2010
Signaling through the receptor/transcriptional regulator Notch plays an important role in tumor cell survival. Recent studies have demonstrated that pharmacological inhibition of the Notch pathway with γ-secretase inhibitor (GSI) induces apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cells via upregulation of the proapoptotic protein Noxa. ABT-737, a novel BH3 mimetic, was shown ...
Bakhrat Anna A Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, 84105 Beer-Sheva, - - 2010
In Drosophila, the checkpoint protein-2 kinase (DmChk2) and its downstream effector protein, Dmp53, are required for DNA damage-mediated cell cycle arrest, DNA repair and apoptosis. In this study we focus on understanding the function of these two apoptosis inducing factors during ovarian development. We found that expression of Dmp53, but ...
Kim Hyun Jung - - 2011
Recent reports have indicated that decursin can induce apoptosis, suppress tumor growth, and inhibit angiogenesis. In this experiment, we investigated how decursin could potentiate the cytotoxic effects of bortezomib in human multiple myeloma cells. We found that decursin inhibited cell viability in U266, MM.1S and ARH77 cells, but not in ...
Wang Hong X - - 2011
The Candida albicans plasma membrane plays important roles in interfacing with the environment, morphogenesis, and cell wall synthesis. The role of the Sur7 protein in cell wall structure and function was analyzed, since previous studies showed that this plasma membrane protein is needed to prevent abnormal intracellular growth of the ...
Singh Ajita V AV Jerome Lipper Multiple Myeloma Center, Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2011
PR-924 is an LMP-7-selective tripeptide epoxyketone proteasome inhibitor that covalently modifies proteasomal N-terminal threonine active sites. In the present study, we show that PR-924 inhibits growth and triggers apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines and primary patient MM cells, without significantly affecting normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. PR-924-induced apoptosis ...
Kim Sang Gon SG Environmental Biotechnology National Core Research Center, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, - - 2011
Cell death is an important process of plant responses to development and biotic/abiotic stresses. In rice plants, PBZ1, a PR10 family protein, has been shown to accumulate in tissues undergoing cell death. However, the function of PBZ1 in cell death remains yet to be demonstrated. Here, we report that exogenous ...
Capoccia Benjamin J BJ Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, - - 2011
Despite their divergent developmental ancestry, plasma cells and gastric zymogenic (chief) cells share a common function: high-capacity secretion of protein. Here we show that both cell lineages share increased expression of a cassette of 269 genes, most of which regulate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi function, and they both induce ...
Sanchez Samuel - - 2011
Self-propelled microjet engines (microbots) can transport multiple cells into specific locations in a fluid. The motion is externally controlled by a magnetic field which allows to selectively load, transport and deliver the cells.
Kim Mi Jin - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) actively contribute to the development of a number of human diseases including ischemia. In response to oxidative stress, frataxin has a significant ability to improve cell survival though its biological function is unclear in relation to ischemia. To explore frataxin's role in protecting against ischemic cell ...
Shukla Arti - - 2010
Members of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) family may have distinct roles in the development of cell injury and repair, differentiation and carcinogenesis. Here, we show, using a synthetic small-molecule MEK1/2 inhibitor (U0126) and RNA silencing of ERK1 and 2, comparatively, that ERK2 is critical to transformation and homeostasis of ...
Muromoto Ryuta - - 2010
Death domain-associated protein (Daxx) is a multifunctional protein that modulates both cell death and transcription. Several recent studies have indicated that Daxx is a mediator of lymphocyte death and/or growth suppression, although the detailed mechanism is unclear. Previously, we reported that Daxx suppresses IL-6 family cytokine-induced gene expression by interacting ...
Markovic Zoran M - - 2011
The present study compared the photothermal anticancer activity of near-infrared (NIR)-excited graphene nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes (CNT). Despite lower NIR-absorbing capacity, suspension of polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated graphene sheets exposed to NIR radiation (808 nm, 2 W/cm(2)) generated more heat than DNA or sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate-solubilized single-wall CNT under the same conditions. Accordingly, graphene ...
Huang Cheng-Po CP Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences and Medical Biotechnology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2010
The stilbenoids, arachidin-1 (Ara-1), arachidin-3, isopentadienylresveratrol, and resveratrol, have been isolated from germinating peanut kernels and characterized as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents. Resveratrol possesses anticancer activity, and studies have indicated that it induces programmed cell death (PCD) in human leukemia HL-60 cells. In this study, the anticancer activity of these ...
Radchuk Volodymyr - - 2011
After fertilization, filial grain organs are surrounded by the maternal nucellus embedded within the integuments and pericarp. Rapid early endosperm growth must be coordinated with maternal tissue development. Parameters of maternal tissue growth and development were analysed during early endosperm formation. In the pericarp, cell proliferation is accomplished around the ...
Shen Xiang X Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60612, - - 2011
Optineurin is a gene linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Paget disease of bone, and glaucoma, a major blinding disease. Mutations such as E50K were identified in glaucoma patients. We investigated herein the involvement of ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (UPP) and autophagy, two major routes for protein clearance, in processing of optineurin in ...
Cheng Dan-Dan - - 2011
Alternaria alternata has received considerable attention in current literature and most of the studies are focused on its pathogenic effects on plant chloroplasts, but little is known about the characteristics of programmed cell death (PCD) induced by metabolic products (MP) of A. alternata, the effects of the MP on mitochondrial ...
Zhao Zhe - - 2011
Vibrio alginolyticus is a gram-negative bacterium and has been recognized as an opportunistic pathogen in marine animals as well as humans. Here, we further characterized a cell death mechanism caused by this bacterium in several mammalian cell lines. The T3SS of V. alginolyticus killed HeLa cells by a very similar ...
Zhivotovsky B - - 2010
Cell division and cell death are the two predominant physiological processes that regulate tissue homeostasis in the adult organism. The importance of dysregulation of these processes in the pathogenesis of major diseases, such as cancer, myocardial infarction, stroke, atherosclerosis, infection, inflammation and neurodegenerative disorders, is becoming increasingly evident. Hence, attempts ...
Li Jing - - 2010
Anticancer effect of tephrosin (1) has been documented; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying the cytotoxicity of tephrosin in cancer cells remain unclear. In the present paper, the proliferation inhibition rate of several cancer cells was tested using the MTT assay; cell cycle, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and mitochondrial membrane potential ...
Hsieh Ya-Ju - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), a photochemotherapeutic regimen used to treat several diseases, including cancer, exerts its effects mainly through induction of cell death. Using human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells as a model, we previously showed that distinct cell death types could be triggered by protocols that selectively delivered Photofrin (a clinically ...
McPhee Christina K CK Department of Cancer Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, - - 2010
Autophagy is a process to degrade and recycle cytoplasmic contents. Autophagy is required for survival in response to starvation, but has also been associated with cell death. How autophagy functions during cell survival in some contexts and cell death in others is unknown. Drosophila larval salivary glands undergo programmed cell ...
Nezis Ioannis P IP Centre for Cancer Biomedicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. - - 2010
Autophagy has been reported to contribute to cell death, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown and controversial. We have: been studying oogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster as a model system to understand the interplay between autophagy and cell death. Using a novel autophagy reporter we found that autophagy occurs during ...
Spina-Purrello Vittoria - - 2010
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) play a crucial role in DNA damage surveillance through their nick sensor functions. Since PARPs' over activation leads to an excessive consumption of NAD(+) and ATP depletion, these enzymes also are involved in the early events of programmed cell death as well as in necrosis. In order ...
Andreucci Michele - - 2011
Radiocontrast media (RCM) are widely used in clinical medicine but may lead to radiocontrast-induced nephropathy (RCIN). The pathogenesis of acute renal failure secondary to RCM is not fully understood, but direct toxic effects are believed to be a major cause of RCIN. We have investigated the effect of different types ...
Park Eun Jung - - 2011
Autophagy is mainly responsible for the degradation of long-lived proteins and subcellular organelles. Autophagy is responsible for the non-apoptotic cell death, and plays a crucial role in regulating cellular functions. β-Lapachone is a quinone-containing compound originally obtained from the lapacho tree in South America. Here, we show that β-lapachone induces ...
Papini Alessio - - 2011
The degeneration of three of four meiotic products is a very common process in the female gender of oogamous eukaryotes. In Tillandsia (and many other angiosperms), the surviving megaspore has a callose-free wall in chalazal position while the other three megaspores are completely embedded in callose. Therefore, nutrients and signals ...
Loor Gabriel G Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2010
Low levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) can function as redox-active signaling messengers, whereas high levels of ROS induce cellular damage. Menadione generates ROS through redox cycling, and high concentrations trigger cell death. Previous work suggests that menadione triggers cytochrome c release from mitochondria, whereas other studies implicate the activation ...
Qin Suofu - - 2010
Lipid peroxidation products such as 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE) cause dysfunction and death of retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells, thereby leading to retinal degeneration. The molecular mechanisms underlying their action remain elusive however. In this study, the roles of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in 4-HNE-induced RPE cell dysfunction and viability were addressed. ...
Tsuda Manabu - - 2010
In Drosophila, Eiger, a tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) superfamily ligand, induces cell death by activating the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway. Here, we report that overexpression of Plenty of SH3s (POSH) suppresses Eiger-induced cell death and produces highly deformed tissues. These results imply that high levels of POSH protect ...
Portt Liam - - 2011
Type I programmed cell death (PCD) or apoptosis is critical for cellular self-destruction for a variety of processes such as development or the prevention of oncogenic transformation. Alternative forms, including type II (autophagy) and type III (necrotic) represent the other major types of PCD that also serve to trigger cell ...
Yerbes Rosario - - 2011
Strong evidences support the inhibitory activity of cellular FLICE-inhibitory protein (FLIP) in the apoptotic signalling by death receptors in tumor cells. However, little is known about the role of FLIP in the regulation of apoptosis in non-transformed cells. In this report, we demonstrate that FLIP(L) plays an important role as ...
Abdelwahid Eltyeb E Cutaneous Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Building 149, 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, - - 2011
Although mitochondria are essential organelles for long-term survival of eukaryotic cells, recent discoveries in biochemistry and genetics have advanced our understanding of the requirements for mitochondria in cell death. Much of what we understand about cell death is based on the identification of conserved cell death genes in Drosophila melanogaster ...
O'Neill David P - - 2011
Thermal treatments for tissue ablation rely upon the heating of cells past a threshold beyond which the cells are considered destroyed, denatured, or killed. In this article, a novel three-state model for cell death is proposed where there exists a vulnerable state positioned between the alive and dead states used ...
Nagata Shigekazu - - 2010
Every day billions of cells die in our bodies to eliminate those that are harmful, useless, or senescent. The process can be divided into two steps: cell dying and cell clearance. In the first step, death machinery is activated in the cells and quickly kills them. During the second step, ...
Azad Meghan B - - 2010
Autophagy is a regulated degradation pathway functioning in both cell survival and cell death. Its role in cancer is controversial because autophagy can be either protective or destructive to tumor cells, depending on individual genetic signatures and treatment conditions. Hypoxia is common in solid tumors, correlating with chemoresistance and poor ...
D'Hertog Wannes - - 2010
Exposure of insulin-secreting β-cells to inflammatory cytokines or high concentrations of free fatty acids, factors involved in the pathogenesis of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, leads to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, β-cell dysfunction, and eventually apoptotic β-cell death. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of ...
Jiang Ren-Huei - - 2010
Securin and γ-H2AX have been shown to regulate cell survival and genomic stability. However, it is still unknown how the expression and regulation of these proteins is altered following treatment with baicalein, a natural flavonoid extracted from the Scutellaria baicalensis root. In the present study, we investigate the possible roles ...
Jeong Hyo-Soon - - 2011
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been considered for use in the prevention and treatment of cancer malignancy. FR122047 (FR) is known to have an anti-inflammatory effect, but the anticancer activity of the chemical has not yet been identified. In the present study, we could find that treatment of breast cancer ...
Luo Cheng-Liang - - 2010
It has been reported that lysosomal proteases play important roles in ischemic and excitotoxic neuronal cell death. We have previously reported that cathepsin B expression increased remarkably after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The present study sought to investigate the effects of a selective cathepsin B inhibitor (CBI) [N-L-3-trans-prolcarbamoyloxirane-2-carbonyl)-L-isoleucyl-L-proline] on cell ...
Stork Christian J - - 2010
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is known to cause oxidative stress, inflammation, DNA damage and apoptotic cell death; however, many details of these malign mechanism have yet to be elucidated. In this study, the exposure of adult human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKa) with UVB (>100 mJ/cm(2)) resulted in the significant increase of intracellular ...
Ruckenstuhl Christoph - - 2010
As time goes by, a postmitotic cell ages following a degeneration process ultimately ending in cell death. This phenomenon is evolutionary conserved and present in unicellular eukaryotes as well, making the yeast chronological aging system an appreciated model. Here, single cells die in a programmed fashion (both by apoptosis and ...
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