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Gurusamy N - - 2009
Autophagy is a catabolic process through which damaged or long-lived proteins, macromolecules and organelles are degraded using lysosomal degradative machinery. Since cardiac myocytes are terminally differentiated, the role of autophagy is essential to maintain the homeostasis of the myocardium. Autophagy supplies nutrients for the synthesis of essential proteins during starvation ...
Byun Joo-Yun - - 2009
Cells avert the development of malignancy in response to deregulated oncogene expression by activating a regulated cell death pathway. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this oncogene-induced cellular death process remains unclear. Here, we show that retroviral expression of oncogenic H-ras induced cell death in a caspase-independent manner in normal cells. ...
Wang Tao - - 2009
Target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling is a regulator of cell growth. TOR activity can also enhance cell death, and the TOR inhibitor rapamycin protects cells against proapoptotic stimuli. Autophagy, which can protect against cell death, is negatively regulated by TOR, and disruption of autophagy by mutation of Atg5 or Atg7 ...
Park Sun-Young - - 2009
Downstream of Bid (DOBI) known as Pus10, has been identified as a modulator of TRAIL-induced cell death using RNAi library screening. The crystal structure of DOBI has revealed that it is a crescent-shaped protein containing the pseudouridine synthase catalytic domain and a THUMP-containing domain. Here, we demonstrated that DOBI is ...
Garg Abhishek D - - 2010
Immunogenic profile of certain cancer cell death mechanisms has been transmuted by research published over a period of last few years and this change has been so drastic that a new (sub)class of apoptotic cancer cell death, redefined as 'immunogenic apoptosis' has started taking shape. In fact, it has been ...
Qadri Syed M - - 2009
Xanthohumol is a proapoptotic hop-derived beer component with anticancer and antimicrobial activities. Similar to nucleated cells, erythrocytes may undergo suicidal cell death or eryptosis, which is triggered by oxidative stress (tert-butylhydroperoxide, TBOOH) or energy depletion (removal of glucose). The triggers increase cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration, leading to activation of Ca(2+)-sensitive K(+) ...
Zhang Liguo - - 2009
Mind bomb 1 (Mib1) is a multidomain E3 ligase that directs ubiquitination of the Notch ligands Delta and Jagged to promote their endocytosis. Here we examine Notch-independent functions of Mib1 and find that its activities are linked to the initiation of the extrinsic cell death pathway. Expression of Mib1 induces ...
Asare Nana - - 2009
We previously reported that 1-nitropyrene (1-NP) and 3-nitrofluoranthene (3-NF) elicited apoptotic cell death as well as non-apoptotic programmed cell deaths (PCDs) with paraptotic and necroptotic characteristics, respectively. In the present study, we have further confirmed and extended these findings. Flow cytometric analyses of 1-NP-exposed/3NF-exposed Hepa1c1c7 cells revealed that caspase-3 was ...
Battista Ariadna G - - 2009
Regeneration and growth that occur in the adult teleost retina by neurogenesis have been helpful in identifying molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying cell proliferation and differentiation. In this report, we demonstrate that endogenous purinergic signals regulate cell proliferation induced by a cytotoxic injury of the adult zebrafish retina which mainly ...
Inayat-Hussain S H - - 2009
Goniothalamin, a styryllactone, has been shown to induce cytotoxicity via apoptosis in several tumor cell lines. In this study, we have examined the potential role of several genes, which were stably transfected into T-cell lines and which regulate apoptosis in different ways, on goniothalamin-induced cell death. Overexpression of full-length receptor ...
Takadera Tsuneo - - 2010
Calcium ion is a secondary messenger that mediates a variety of physiological responses of neurons, including cell survival responses. To determine the role of calcium in regulating neuronal survival and death, we examined whether chelation of extracellular calcium with EGTA induces caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death and whether glycogen synthase kinase-3 ...
Chaigne-Delalande B - - 2009
CD95 is a death receptor whose stimulation by either the physiologic ligand CD95L or the agonistic antibodies leads to the formation of a multi-molecular complex termed DISC (death-inducing signaling complex) and the subsequent induction of a caspase-driven apoptotic signal. According to the magnitude of the DISC formation, two types of ...
Johnson George E - - 2010
The known aneugens vinblastine and diethylstilboestrol (DES) were tested in the in vitro micronucleus assay, with and without cytokinesis block in Chinese hamster CHO cells, at the laboratories of Swansea University, Swansea, UK. These experiments were carried out to determine the suitability of the cell death and cytostasis measures used ...
Tan Bie - - 2010
This study tested the hypothesis that L-arginine (Arg) may stimulate cell proliferation and prevent lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced death of intestinal cells. Intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-1) were cultured for 4 days in Arg-free Dulbecco's modified Eagle's-F12 Ham medium (DMEM-F12) containing 10, 100 or 350 microM Arg and 0 or 20 ng/ml ...
Kim Hansoo - - 2009
Recent evidence suggests that autophagy plays a role in oxidative injury-induced cell death. Here we examined whether glutamate-mediated oxidative toxicity induces autophagy in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and if autophagy induction affects the molecular events associated with cell death. Markers for autophagy induction including LC3 conversion, suppression of mTOR pathway, ...
Xiong Hai-yan - - 2010
Autophagy is a membrane process that results in the transporting of cellular contents to lysosomes for degradation. Autophagic cell death is another way of programed cell death called type II PCD, which has complicated connection with apoptosis, both of these two types of cell death play an important role in ...
Waters Elizabeth M - - 2009
The sexually dimorphic population of dopamine neurons in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus of the preoptic region of the hypothalamus (AVPV) develops postnatally under the influence of testosterone, which is aromatized to estrogen. There are fewer dopaminergic neurons labeled with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in the male AVPV than the female, and ...
Fujimoto Kei - - 2009
There are three types of cell death; apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy. The possibility that activation of the macroautophagy (autophagy) pathway may increase beta cell death is addressed in this study. Increased autophagy was present in pancreatic islets from Pdx1(+/-) mice with reduced insulin secretion and beta cell mass. Pdx1 expression ...
Ament Jared D - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine in vitro whether titanium is superior in corneal cell compatibility to standard polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) for the Boston Keratoprosthesis (KPro). METHODS: Human corneal-limbal epithelial (HCLE) cells were cultured 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, or 168 hours in culture plates alone (controls) or with PMMA or titanium discs. ...
Yosifov Deyan Y - - 2009
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a frequent hematological malignancy that is incurable despite recent developments, such as proteasome and angiogenic inhibitors. Erucylphospho-N,N,N-trimethylpropylammonium (erufosine) is an i.v. injectable alkylphosphocholine with antineoplastic activity based on an unusual mode of action and is currently undergoing clinical trials in leukemia patients. The aim of this ...
Taga Yuri - - 2009
The hypersensitive response (HR) is a form of programmed cell death (PCD) commonly associated with the immune response in plants. HR cell death is often characterized by DNA fragmentation, loss of plasma membrane integrity, protein degradation and typical morphological changes such as plasma membrane shrinkage and nuclear condensation. Initiation of ...
Tan Heng Liang - - 2009
The monoclonal antibody mAb 84, which binds to podocalyxin-like protein-1 (PODXL) on human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), was previously reported to bind and kill undifferentiated cells in in vitro and in vivo assays. In this study, we investigate the mechanism responsible for mAb 84-induced hESCs cytotoxicity. Apoptosis was likely not ...
Shi Yinlian - - 2009
Photoperiod-sensitive genic male-sterile (PSGMS) rice (Oryza sativa L.), a natural mutant found in the rice cultivar Nongken 58, is very useful for the development of hybrid rice cultivars. Despite its widespread use in breeding programs, the initial stage of the abortive development of PSGMS rice and the possible cytological mechanisms ...
Jahreiss Luca - - 2009
Autophagic cell death has recently received a great deal of attention. However, a dependence of this type of cell death on the actual process of autophagy has only rarely been proven. Indeed, it is important to differentiate between cell death with an accumulation of autophagosomes and cell death actually caused ...
Wu You-Tong - - 2009
Our previous work has shown that autophagy plays a pro-survival function in two necrotic cell death models: zVAD-treated L929 cells as well as H(2)O(2)-treated Bax(-/-)Bak(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (DKO MEF). This study aims to further explore the regulatory role of autophagy in necrosis by examining the functional role of the ...
Van Dross Rukiyah T - - 2009
Nonmelanoma skin cancer is the most prevalent cancer in the United States with approximately 1.25 million new cases diagnosed each year. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is commonly elevated in these and other epithelial tumors. Cyclooxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid to prostaglandins, which promote growth and survival of tumor cells. COX-2 also metabolizes ...
Pritchett Tracy L - - 2009
The Drosophila melanogaster ovary is a powerful yet simple system with only a few cell types. Cell death in the ovary can be induced in response to multiple developmental and environmental signals. These cell deaths occur at distinct stages of oogenesis and involve unique mechanisms utilizing apoptotic, autophagic and perhaps ...
Nair Rajesh R - - 2009
HYD1 is a D-amino acid peptide that was previously shown to inhibit adhesion of prostate cancer cells to the extracellular matrix. In this study, we show that in addition to inhibiting adhesion of multiple myeloma (MM) cells to fibronectin, HYD1 induces cell death in MM cells as a single agent. ...
Mart?n Vanesa - - 2010
Despite the common expression of death receptors, many types of cancer including gliomas are resistant to the death receptor ligand (TRAIL). Melatonin antitumoral actions have been extensively described, including oncostatic properties on several tumor types and improvement of chemotherapeutic regimens. Here, we found that melatonin effectively increase cell sensitivity to ...
Hou Jian-Mei - - 2009
Serological cell death biomarkers and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have potential uses as tools for pharmacodynamic blood-based assays and their subsequent application to early clinical trials. In this study, we evaluated both the expression and clinical significance of CTCs and serological cell death biomarkers in patients with small cell lung ...
McDaid J R - - 2009
Methylating agents such as N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) can cause cell cycle arrest and death either via caspase-dependent apoptosis or via a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-dependent form of apoptosis. We wished to investigate the possible role of MLH1 in signalling cell death through PARP. Fibroblasts are particularly dependent on a PARP-mediated cell death ...
Grønbaek Kirsten - - 2009
The combination of rituximab, a type I anti-CD20 mAb, with conventional chemotherapy has significantly improved the outcome of patients with B cell malignancies. Regardless of this success, many patients still relapse with therapy-resistant disease, highlighting the need for the development of mAbs with higher capacity to induce programmed cell death. ...
Quiogue Geraldine - - 2009
In photodynamic therapy (PDT), visible light activates a photosensitizing drug added to a tissue, resulting in singlet oxygen formation and cell death. Assessed by confocal microscopy, the photosensitizer phthalocyanine 4 (Pc 4) localizes primarily to mitochondrial membranes in cancer cells, resulting in mitochondria-mediated cell death. A Pc 4 derivative, Pc ...
Tanaka Masayuki - - 2009
Accumulation of unfolding or misfolded proteins within the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) triggers ER stress, and sustained ER stress ultimately leads to cell death. Both of these events are involved in the activation of glucose-regulated protein of 78 kDa (GRP78, also known as Bip), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) homologous ...
Portugal José - - 2009
Failure to eliminate cancer cells that have been exposed to cytotoxic agents may contribute to the development of resistance to antitumor drugs. A widespread model in present day oncology is that antitumor therapy involves the triggering of tumor cells to undergo apoptosis, and cells that can avoid apoptosis will be ...
Ge Peng-Fei - - 2009
AIM:The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and lysosome-dependent macroautophagy (autophagy) are two major intracellular pathways for protein degradation. Recent studies suggest that proteasome inhibitors may reduce tumor growth and activate autophagy. Due to the dual roles of autophagy in tumor cell survival and death, the effect of autophagy on the destiny of ...
Wrzaczek Michael - - 2009
Programmed cell death is a common feature of developmental processes and responses to environmental cues in many multicellular organisms. Examples of programmed cell death in plants are leaf abscission in autumn and the hypersensitive response during pathogen attack. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the regulation of various ...
Bouillet Philippe - - 2009
The relative importance of the intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways in the control of haematopoietic cell homeostasis has been a matter of debate for many years. Cell death is omnipresent in this cellular compartment and ensures the removal of cells that are not properly equipped to assume their function as ...
Gill Martin B - - 2009
Neonatal (P7) brain hypoxia-ischemia (HI) induces intracellular Bax protein shifts to the nucleus, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where it triggers the activation of the respective cell death signaling cascades. When compared with HI-treated rat pups, 100% O(2) resuscitation of HI-treated rat pups increases HI-induced ER Bax levels, ER-mediated cell ...
Gustafsson Kristin - - 2009
Ceramide levels are elevated in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cells following treatment with cannabinoids. Here, we investigated the pathways of ceramide accumulation in the MCL cell line Rec-1 using the stable endocannabinoid analogue R(+)-methanandamide (R-MA). We further interfered with the conversion of ceramide into sphingolipids that promote cell growth. Treatment ...
Liu Huiping - - 2009
The retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor is a key regulator of cell cycle checkpoints but also protects against cell death induced by stresses such as DNA damage and death receptor ligation. We report here that cell death of Rb-deficient cells exposed to key genotoxic agents was associated with increased expression of ...
Erdélyi Katalin - - 2009
Activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) has been shown to mediate cell death induced by genotoxic stimuli. The role of poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG), the enzyme responsible for polymer degradation, has been largely unexplored in the regulation of cell death. Using lentiviral gene silencing we generated A549 lung adenocarcinoma cell lines with ...
Briand Stéphanie - - 2011
The cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by caspases unmasks a domain extending from membrane to caspase cleavage site. This domain induces apoptosis in vitro and in vivo when overexpressed in neurons through the help of an internalization vector. In this model, we previously showed that SET rapidly binds to ...
Kwong Joseph J Centre for Cancer and Inflammation, Institute of Cancer, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Charterhouse Square, London, - - 2009
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is expressed by malignant cells in ovarian cancer and is implicated in their growth and spread. We report here a unique mechanism of action of a small peptide antagonist of CXCR4 on ovarian cancer cells: induction of cell death by mitotic catastrophe. CTCE-9908 inhibited ovarian cancer ...
Fonseca B M - - 2009
Anandamide (AEA) belongs to an emerging class of lipid mediators collectively termed "endocannabinoids". This endogenously synthesized compound has been implicated in multiple processes, mainly related to the regulation of cell growth/death. During pregnancy endometrial fibroblast-like stromal cells proliferate and differentiate into decidual cells, forming the decidua. After reaching its maximum ...
Tardito Saverio - - 2009
The copper(II) complex A0 induces a type of non-apoptotic cell death also known as paraptosis. Paraptosis involves extensive endoplasmic reticulum vacuolization in the absence of caspase activation. A wide panel of human cancer cell lines was used to demonstrate differences in cytotoxicity by the paraptosis-inducing drug A0 and the metal-based ...
Bass B P - - 2009
DNA fragmentation is a critical component of apoptosis but it has not been characterized in nonapoptotic forms of cell death, such as necrosis and autophagic cell death. In mammalian apoptosis, caspase-activated DNase cleaves DNA into nucleosomal fragments in dying cells, and subsequently DNase II, an acid nuclease, completes the DNA ...
Grando Sergei A - - 2009
Understanding the acantholytic pathways leading to blistering in pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a key to development of novel treatments. A novel paradigm of keratinocyte damage in PV, termed apoptolysis, links the suprabasal acantholytic and cell death pathways to basal cell shrinkage rendering a 'tombstone' appearance to PV lesions. In contrast ...
Qiu Yiling - - 2009
Cardiomyocyte death caused by proinflammatory cytokines, such as Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), is one of the hot topics in cardiovascular research. TNF-alpha can induce multiple cell processes that are dependent on the treatment time although the long-term treatment definitely leads to cell death. The ability to intervene in cell ...
Byun Yu Jeong - - 2009
Oxidative stress by exposure to H(2)O(2) induces various types of cell death depending on cell type and conditions. We report herein on a study of the mechanisms underlying H(2)O(2)-induced cell death in C6 glioma cells. The findings show that H(2)O(2) triggers a caspase-independent autophagic cell death in these cells. The ...
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