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Results 401 - 450 of 2633
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Shao J - - 2008
The polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) constitute a class of flame retardants whose residues have markedly increased in fish and human tissues during the last decade. In particular, the levels of certain PBDE congeners in salmon have raised concern regarding potential risks associated with dietary PBDE exposures. However, little is known ...
Mavri-Damelin Demetra - - 2008
Extrahepatic bioartificial liver devices should provide an intact urea cycle to detoxify ammonia. The C3A cell line, a subclone of the hepatoma-derived HepG2 cell line, is currently used in this context as it produces urea, and this has been assumed to be reflective of ammonia detoxification via a functional urea ...
Dopp Elke - - 2008
Epidemiological studies have indicated that exposure of humans to inorganic arsenic in drinking water is associated with the occurrence of bladder cancer. The mechanisms by which arsenic induces this malignancy are still uncertain; however, arsenic metabolites are suspected to play a pivotal role. The aim of the present study was ...
Kar Siddhartha - - 2008
PURPOSE: 2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME) is a physiological metabolite of estrogen, which can inhibit growth of many types of tumor cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma, both in vitro and in vivo. The exact mechanisms of its action are still unclear. We have studied the mechanisms of growth inhibition of several of human and ...
Mostafaie Ali - - 2008
Actinidin is a cysteine protease abundant in Kiwifruit. This enzyme is known as a meat-tenderizing protease. In this project, actinidin was purified from kiwifruit by salt precipitation and ion exchange chromatography. Collagenolytic effect of the purified enzyme was tested in four different buffer systems. Thereafter, the enzyme was used for ...
Chauhan Anuradha - - 2008
The liver regenerates and maintains its function and size after injury by counterbalancing cell death with compensatory cell division. During liver regeneration, injured sites release cytokines, which stimulate normally quiescent hepatocytes to re-enter cell division cycle. Using a mesoscale approach, we have implemented the first mathematical model that describes cytokine-induced ...
Dhalluin-Venier V - - 2008
We report the case of a young man who developed multiple liver cell adenomas 13 years after a mesentericocaval shunt. Radiological findings did not provide diagnosis. Histological findings of two biopsied nodules were compatible with liver cell adenoma. Our patient had no known risk factors for liver cell adenomas. We ...
Wu, Yao-Ming
Multiple unique aspects of liver biology make this organ an excellent paradigm for novel cell and gene therapy applications. In recent years, insights were obtained into how transplanted cells engraft and proliferate in the liver, including in the context of pre-existing disease. Also, a variety of animal models were studied ...
Jodon de Villeroché Vanina - - 2008
We report the phenotypic and functional characterization of fibroblasts established in culture from the non-parenchymal epithelial cell populations of adult human livers. Human liver fibroblasts (hLF) expressed mesenchymal antigens vimentin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, collagen, fibronectin, CD73, CD90, CD105, and CD166 together with non-mesenchymal antigens cytokeratins 8 and 18, glial fibrillary ...
Vondran Florian Wolfgang Rudolf - - 2008
Demands for primary human hepatocytes are continuously increasing, while supply is insufficient due to limited cell sources. To improve cell availability, the present study investigates the influence of donor liver characteristics on the outcome of hepatocyte isolation from surgically removed liver tissue (n = 50). Hepatocytes were isolated from liver ...
Chen Yan - - 2008
AIM: To determine platelet activating factor (PAF) receptor expression in cirrhotic hepatic stellate cells. METHODS: Hepatic stellate cells, isolated from the livers of control and CCl(4)-induced cirrhotic rats, were placed in serum-free medium after overnight culture. We determined the PAF receptor in hepatic stellate cells by saturation binding technique and ...
Duran Joan - - 2008
The bifunctional enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose 2,6-bisphosphatase (PFK-2) catalyzes the synthesis and degradation of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (Fru-2,6-P(2)), a signalling molecule that controls the balance between glycolysis and gluconeogenesis in several cell types. Four genes, designated Pfkfb1-4, code several PFK-2 isozymes that differ in their kinetic properties, molecular masses, and regulation by protein ...
Dunning, Sandra
In the normal liver, the hepatic stellate cell has a quiescent (i.e. non-proliferating) phenotype. It is the main storage site for vitamin A (retinoids) and it produces the appropriate quality and quantity of extracellular matrix. In chronic liver injury, a sustained wound healing response takes place in the liver. This ...
Kinasiewicz Andrzej - - 2008
One of the most important challenges in bioartificial liver designed for patients suffering from acute liver failure is oxygenation of cells within the bioreactor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of oxygenation of bioartificial liver using perfluorocarbon (PFC) emulsion on the metabolic activity of hepatic cells ...
Cheng Nancy - - 2008
Alginate gel was used to provide encapsulation to support the growth and eventually the differentiation of hepatic progenitors cells derived from human fetal livers. The encapsulated cells aggregated into spheroids within a few days in culture and continued to grow for at least 4 weeks in a serum-free medium. The ...
Ahn Sung-Min - - 2008
Albumin, an abundant plasma protein with multifunctional properties, is mainly synthesized in the liver. Albumin has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) since it can bind to and transport amyloid beta (Abeta), the causative agent of AD; albumin is also a potent inhibitor of Abeta polymerization. Despite evidence of non-hepatic ...
Donato M T - - 2008
Primary cultured hepatocytes are a valuable in vitro model for drug metabolism studies. However, their widespread use is greatly hindered by the scarcity of suitable human liver samples. Moreover, the well-known in vitro phenotypic instability of hepatocytes, the irregular availability of fresh human liver for cell harvesting purposes, and the ...
Tokiwa Takayoshi - - 2008
The scattered cell clusters that can differentiate into hepatocytes or biliary epithelial cells have been isolated from primary cultures of adult porcine livers. We have generated 11 clonal cell lines from this system and identified liver progenitor cells (LPCs) among the clonal lines. These clonal lines expressed c-kit, HNF-1, HNF-6, ...
Isobe Kaori - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In a previous study we confirmed that canine hepatic lipogranuloma, defined as lesions consisting of small round cells which contain lipid vacuoles and brown pigments in their cytoplasm, was an assembly of Kupffer cells and/or macrophages, and that the cytoplasmic brown pigments in the lesions were hemosiderin and ...
Donato María Teresa - - 2008
Hepatocyte transplantation is an alternative therapy to orthotopic liver transplantation for the treatment of liver diseases. Good quality freshly isolated or cryopreserved human hepatocytes are needed for clinical transplantation. However, isolation, cryopreservation, and thawing processes can seriously impair hepatocyte viability and functionality. The aim of the present study was to ...
Valcárcel María - - 2008
The recruitment of vascular stromal and endothelial cells is an early event occurring during cancer cell growth at premetastatic niches, but how the microenvironment created by the initial three-dimensional (3D) growth of cancer cells affects their angiogenesis-stimulating potential is unclear. The proangiogenic profile of CT26 murine colorectal carcinoma cells was ...
Gottwald Eric - - 2008
We have developed a chip-based cell culture system for the three-dimensional cultivation of cells. The chip is typically manufactured from non-biodegradable polymers, e.g., polycarbonate or polymethyl methacrylate by micro injection molding, micro hot embossing or micro thermo-forming. But, it can also be manufactured from bio-degradable polymers. Its overall dimensions are ...
Friedman Scott L - - 2008
The hepatic stellate cell has surprised and engaged physiologists, pathologists, and hepatologists for over 130 years, yet clear evidence of its role in hepatic injury and fibrosis only emerged following the refinement of methods for its isolation and characterization. The paradigm in liver injury of activation of quiescent vitamin A-rich ...
Nakahata Kengo - - 2008
The use of a bioartificial liver with pig liver cells in the treatment of fulminant hepatic failure has already begun as a clinical trial in several countries. Therefore, studies on plasma complement regulatory proteins of the pig are necessary, because the liver produces them. Complement factor I is a serine ...
Gressner Olav A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gc-globulin or vitamin D binding protein is a highly expressed, multifunctional and polymorphic serum protein, which also serves as the major transporter for vitamin D metabolites in the circulation. The present study was performed to analyze the interaction between gc-globulin of hepatocytes and hepatic stellate cells, the most important ...
Yamazaki Taisuke - - 2008
Side-population (SP) cells have been shown to be highly enriched stem cells. We investigated whether an immortalized, nontumorigenic human liver cell line, THLE-5b, contains SP cells. Flow cytometry analysis after Hoechst 33342 staining demonstrated that the THLE-5b line contained a small component of SP cells. These SP cells were essentially ...
Gonçalves, Lígia A
Abstract Background Primary hepatocyte cultures are a valuable tool for the understanding of cellular and molecular phenomena occurring during malaria liver stage. This paper describes an improved perfusion/dissociation procedure to isolate hepatocytes from mouse liver that is suitable for malaria studies and allows reproducible preparation of primary hepatocytes with consistent ...
Baharvand Hossein - - 2008
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are considered one promising new approach to generate a transplantable cell source for the treatment of liver diseases. Because traditional methods, such as the initial formation of embryoid body in the presence of serum result in all three germ layer derivatives, strategies have been utilized that ...
Winau Florian - - 2008
Stellate cells are star-shaped cells located in the liver and mediate a multitude of primarily non-immunological functions. They play a pivotal role in the metabolism of vitamin A and store 80% of total body retinol. Upon activation, stellate cells differentiate to myofibroblasts for production of extracellular matrix, leading to liver ...
Dvir-Ginzberg Mona - - 2008
The present work explores cell cultivation in macroporous alginate scaffolds as a means to reproduce hepatocyte terminal differentiation in vitro. Newborn rat liver cell isolates, consisting of proliferating hepatocytes and progenitors, were seeded at high cell density of 125 x 10(6)/cm(3) within the scaffold and then cultivated for 6 wk ...
Kenne Kerstin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible mechanisms underlying the liver enzyme elevations seen during clinical studies of long-term treatment (>35 days) with ximelagatran, and investigate the usefulness of pre-clinical in vitro systems to predict drug-induced liver effects. METHODS: Ximelagatran and its metabolites were tested for effects on cell viability, mitochondrial function, ...
Rygiel Karolina A - - 2008
The relationship between bile duct damage and portal fibrosis in chronic liver diseases remains unclear. This study was designed to show whether human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells can undergo epithelial-mesenchymal cell transition, thereby directly contributing to fibrogenesis. Primary human cholangiocytes were stimulated with transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) or TGFbeta-presenting T ...
Singh Ashok K - - 2007
Although alcohol drinking increases susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, possible mechanisms underlying the effects of alcohol are not yet known. Since the HIV envelope protein gp120 plays a key role in progression of HIV infection, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the toxicity and degradation ...
Ji Cheng - - 2007
Betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) regulates homocysteine levels in the liver. We previously reported that the alteration of BHMT is associated with alcoholic liver steatosis and injury. In this study, we tested whether BHMT protects hepatocytes from homocysteine-induced injury and lipid accumulation. Both BHMT transfectants of HepG2 cells and primary mouse hepatocytes ...
Michalopoulos George K GK Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA. - - 2007
Liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy is a very complex and well-orchestrated phenomenon. It is carried out by the participation of all mature liver cell types. The process is associated with signaling cascades involving growth factors, cytokines, matrix remodeling, and several feedbacks of stimulation and inhibition of growth related signals. Liver ...
Volarevic Martina - - 2007
G418, an aminoglycoside neomycin analogue, is an antimicrobial agent that interferes with protein synthesis and has been used extensively for selection of mammalian cell lines that possess neomycin resistance (NR). It is potent and nonspecific in its effects that occur through tight binding to ribosomal elements. Because of the potent ...
Hernández E - - 2008
Overproduction of collagen (I) by activated hepatic stellate cells is a critical step in the development of liver fibrosis. It has been established that these cells express interleukin (IL)-6 and respond to this cytokine with an increase in alpha(I) collagen. Pentoxifylline, a methylxanthine derivate, has been reported to have antifibrotic ...
Potter James J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin has antifibrogenic properties. Acetaldehyde, the principal metabolite of ethanol, is known to stimulate the expression of type I collagen genes and the production of type I collagen by wild-type (wt) but not by obese gene (ob/ob) stellate cells. The aim of this study was to determine the expression ...
Cho Cheul H CH Center for Engineering in Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2008
One of the major hurdles of cellular therapies for the treatment of liver failure is the low availability of functional human hepatocytes. While embryonic stem (ES) cells represent a potential cell source for therapy, current methods for differentiation result in mixed cell populations or low yields of the cells of ...
Tejima Kazuaki - - 2007
AIM: To elucidate the mechanisms of hepatocyte preconditioning by H2O2 to better understand the pathophysiology of ischemic preconditioning. METHODS: The in vitro effect of H2O2 pretreatment was investigated in rat isolated hepatocytes subjected to anoxia/reoxygenation. Cell viability was assessed with propidium iodide fluorometry. In other experiments, rat livers were excised ...
Yao Lu - - 2008
Avian and human influenza viruses preferentially bind to alpha-2,3-linked and alpha-2,6-linked sialic acids, respectively. Until today, the distributions of these two receptor types had never been investigated in H5N1-infected human tissue samples. Here, the expression of avian (AIV-Rs) and human influenza receptors (HuIV-Rs) is studied in various organs (upper and ...
Yamada Masumi - - 2007
Liver is composed of various kinds of cells, including hepatic parenchymal cells (hepatocytes) and nonparenchymal cells, and separation of these cells is essential for cellular therapies and pharmacological and metabolic studies. Here, we present microfluidic devices for purely hydrodynamic and size-dependent separation of liver cells, which utilize hydrodynamic filtration. By ...
Komeda Koji K Departments of Pharmacology, and General and Gastroenterological Surgery, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, - - 2008
Angiotensin II may contribute to liver fibrogenesis. In addition to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), chymase, which is expressed by mast cells, is also known to be an angiotensin II-forming enzyme. However, it is unclear which of these two angiotensin II-forming enzymes plays a more important role in liver cirrhosis progression. In ...
aalster and tzohary
This species of Merismopedia is less common in L Kinneret than M. minima. The cells are round to oval or hemispherical, without individual gelatinous envelope but embedded in a common gelatinous sheath
Sugiyama Yoshinori - - 2007
Cell-cell interactions among cell types constituting the fetal liver such as hepatoblasts, stellate cells and endothelial cells lead to functional lobule development. The present study was undertaken to investigate hepatic histogenesis in the primary culture of E12.5 mouse livers, including cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Fetal livers were dispersed with protease ...
Elmaouhoub Abderrahim - - 2007
Synthesis of most of the plasma proteins is one of the main functions of the hepatocytes. Albumin synthesis is quantitatively the most abundant. In the present study we investigated albumin- and alpha-fetoprotein-gene-expression, and the function of the secretory apparatus during rat liver development. To this purpose we used the method ...
Triebskorn Rita - - 2008
As a part of an exposure and effect monitoring conducted along the river Mureş, Western Romania in 2004, the health status of two indigenous fish species, sneep (Chondrostoma nasus) and European chub (Leuciscus cephalus) was investigated upstream and downstream the city of Arad. In fish, histopathology was assessed in liver ...
Topinka Jan J Laboratory of Genetic Ecotoxicology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, AS CR, 142 20 Prague, Czech - - 2008
The bipotent liver progenitor cells, so called oval cells, may participate at the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis induced by chemical carcinogens. Unlike in mature parenchymal cells, little is known about formation of DNA adducts and other genotoxic events in oval cells. In the present study, we employed spontaneously immortalized rat ...
Smith Jeffrey S - - 2008
Kupffer cells are a major barrier to systemic adenovirus (Ad) gene therapy because they rapidly and efficiently clear virions from the circulation. The lack of a straightforward quantitative technique for selectively measuring uptake of Ad by Kupffer cells has made it difficult to study the mechanisms by which they recognize ...
Xu Cheng-Fu - - 2007
AIM: To investigate whether changes in the frequency of peripheral natural killer T (NKT) cells were correlated with liver disease in patients who had metabolic predispositions to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 60 Chinese NAFLD patients and 60 age and gender matched healthy ...
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