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Donato M T - - 2008
Primary cultured hepatocytes are a valuable in vitro model for drug metabolism studies. However, their widespread use is greatly hindered by the scarcity of suitable human liver samples. Moreover, the well-known in vitro phenotypic instability of hepatocytes, the irregular availability of fresh human liver for cell harvesting purposes, and the ...
Tokiwa Takayoshi - - 2008
The scattered cell clusters that can differentiate into hepatocytes or biliary epithelial cells have been isolated from primary cultures of adult porcine livers. We have generated 11 clonal cell lines from this system and identified liver progenitor cells (LPCs) among the clonal lines. These clonal lines expressed c-kit, HNF-1, HNF-6, ...
Isobe Kaori - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In a previous study we confirmed that canine hepatic lipogranuloma, defined as lesions consisting of small round cells which contain lipid vacuoles and brown pigments in their cytoplasm, was an assembly of Kupffer cells and/or macrophages, and that the cytoplasmic brown pigments in the lesions were hemosiderin and ...
Donato María Teresa - - 2008
Hepatocyte transplantation is an alternative therapy to orthotopic liver transplantation for the treatment of liver diseases. Good quality freshly isolated or cryopreserved human hepatocytes are needed for clinical transplantation. However, isolation, cryopreservation, and thawing processes can seriously impair hepatocyte viability and functionality. The aim of the present study was to ...
Valcárcel María - - 2008
The recruitment of vascular stromal and endothelial cells is an early event occurring during cancer cell growth at premetastatic niches, but how the microenvironment created by the initial three-dimensional (3D) growth of cancer cells affects their angiogenesis-stimulating potential is unclear. The proangiogenic profile of CT26 murine colorectal carcinoma cells was ...
Gottwald Eric - - 2008
We have developed a chip-based cell culture system for the three-dimensional cultivation of cells. The chip is typically manufactured from non-biodegradable polymers, e.g., polycarbonate or polymethyl methacrylate by micro injection molding, micro hot embossing or micro thermo-forming. But, it can also be manufactured from bio-degradable polymers. Its overall dimensions are ...
Friedman Scott L - - 2008
The hepatic stellate cell has surprised and engaged physiologists, pathologists, and hepatologists for over 130 years, yet clear evidence of its role in hepatic injury and fibrosis only emerged following the refinement of methods for its isolation and characterization. The paradigm in liver injury of activation of quiescent vitamin A-rich ...
Nakahata Kengo - - 2008
The use of a bioartificial liver with pig liver cells in the treatment of fulminant hepatic failure has already begun as a clinical trial in several countries. Therefore, studies on plasma complement regulatory proteins of the pig are necessary, because the liver produces them. Complement factor I is a serine ...
Gressner Olav A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gc-globulin or vitamin D binding protein is a highly expressed, multifunctional and polymorphic serum protein, which also serves as the major transporter for vitamin D metabolites in the circulation. The present study was performed to analyze the interaction between gc-globulin of hepatocytes and hepatic stellate cells, the most important ...
Yamazaki Taisuke - - 2008
Side-population (SP) cells have been shown to be highly enriched stem cells. We investigated whether an immortalized, nontumorigenic human liver cell line, THLE-5b, contains SP cells. Flow cytometry analysis after Hoechst 33342 staining demonstrated that the THLE-5b line contained a small component of SP cells. These SP cells were essentially ...
Gonçalves, Lígia A
Abstract Background Primary hepatocyte cultures are a valuable tool for the understanding of cellular and molecular phenomena occurring during malaria liver stage. This paper describes an improved perfusion/dissociation procedure to isolate hepatocytes from mouse liver that is suitable for malaria studies and allows reproducible preparation of primary hepatocytes with consistent ...
Baharvand Hossein - - 2008
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are considered one promising new approach to generate a transplantable cell source for the treatment of liver diseases. Because traditional methods, such as the initial formation of embryoid body in the presence of serum result in all three germ layer derivatives, strategies have been utilized that ...
Winau Florian - - 2008
Stellate cells are star-shaped cells located in the liver and mediate a multitude of primarily non-immunological functions. They play a pivotal role in the metabolism of vitamin A and store 80% of total body retinol. Upon activation, stellate cells differentiate to myofibroblasts for production of extracellular matrix, leading to liver ...
Dvir-Ginzberg Mona - - 2008
The present work explores cell cultivation in macroporous alginate scaffolds as a means to reproduce hepatocyte terminal differentiation in vitro. Newborn rat liver cell isolates, consisting of proliferating hepatocytes and progenitors, were seeded at high cell density of 125 x 10(6)/cm(3) within the scaffold and then cultivated for 6 wk ...
Kenne Kerstin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible mechanisms underlying the liver enzyme elevations seen during clinical studies of long-term treatment (>35 days) with ximelagatran, and investigate the usefulness of pre-clinical in vitro systems to predict drug-induced liver effects. METHODS: Ximelagatran and its metabolites were tested for effects on cell viability, mitochondrial function, ...
Rygiel Karolina A - - 2008
The relationship between bile duct damage and portal fibrosis in chronic liver diseases remains unclear. This study was designed to show whether human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells can undergo epithelial-mesenchymal cell transition, thereby directly contributing to fibrogenesis. Primary human cholangiocytes were stimulated with transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) or TGFbeta-presenting T ...
Singh Ashok K - - 2007
Although alcohol drinking increases susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, possible mechanisms underlying the effects of alcohol are not yet known. Since the HIV envelope protein gp120 plays a key role in progression of HIV infection, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the toxicity and degradation ...
Michalopoulos George K - - 2007
Liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy is a very complex and well-orchestrated phenomenon. It is carried out by the participation of all mature liver cell types. The process is associated with signaling cascades involving growth factors, cytokines, matrix remodeling, and several feedbacks of stimulation and inhibition of growth related signals. Liver ...
Ji Cheng - - 2007
Betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) regulates homocysteine levels in the liver. We previously reported that the alteration of BHMT is associated with alcoholic liver steatosis and injury. In this study, we tested whether BHMT protects hepatocytes from homocysteine-induced injury and lipid accumulation. Both BHMT transfectants of HepG2 cells and primary mouse hepatocytes ...
Volarevic Martina - - 2007
G418, an aminoglycoside neomycin analogue, is an antimicrobial agent that interferes with protein synthesis and has been used extensively for selection of mammalian cell lines that possess neomycin resistance (NR). It is potent and nonspecific in its effects that occur through tight binding to ribosomal elements. Because of the potent ...
Hernández E - - 2008
Overproduction of collagen (I) by activated hepatic stellate cells is a critical step in the development of liver fibrosis. It has been established that these cells express interleukin (IL)-6 and respond to this cytokine with an increase in alpha(I) collagen. Pentoxifylline, a methylxanthine derivate, has been reported to have antifibrotic ...
Potter James J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin has antifibrogenic properties. Acetaldehyde, the principal metabolite of ethanol, is known to stimulate the expression of type I collagen genes and the production of type I collagen by wild-type (wt) but not by obese gene (ob/ob) stellate cells. The aim of this study was to determine the expression ...
Cho Cheul H - - 2008
One of the major hurdles of cellular therapies for the treatment of liver failure is the low availability of functional human hepatocytes. While embryonic stem (ES) cells represent a potential cell source for therapy, current methods for differentiation result in mixed cell populations or low yields of the cells of ...
Tejima Kazuaki - - 2007
AIM: To elucidate the mechanisms of hepatocyte preconditioning by H2O2 to better understand the pathophysiology of ischemic preconditioning. METHODS: The in vitro effect of H2O2 pretreatment was investigated in rat isolated hepatocytes subjected to anoxia/reoxygenation. Cell viability was assessed with propidium iodide fluorometry. In other experiments, rat livers were excised ...
Yao Lu - - 2008
Avian and human influenza viruses preferentially bind to alpha-2,3-linked and alpha-2,6-linked sialic acids, respectively. Until today, the distributions of these two receptor types had never been investigated in H5N1-infected human tissue samples. Here, the expression of avian (AIV-Rs) and human influenza receptors (HuIV-Rs) is studied in various organs (upper and ...
Yamada Masumi - - 2007
Liver is composed of various kinds of cells, including hepatic parenchymal cells (hepatocytes) and nonparenchymal cells, and separation of these cells is essential for cellular therapies and pharmacological and metabolic studies. Here, we present microfluidic devices for purely hydrodynamic and size-dependent separation of liver cells, which utilize hydrodynamic filtration. By ...
Komeda Koji - - 2008
Aim: Angiotensin II may contribute to liver fibrogenesis. In addition to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), chymase, which is expressed by mast cells, is also known to be an angiotensin II-forming enzyme. However, it is unclear which of these two angiotensin II-forming enzymes plays a more important role in liver cirrhosis progression. ...
aalster and tzohary
This species of Merismopedia is less common in L Kinneret than M. minima. The cells are round to oval or hemispherical, without individual gelatinous envelope but embedded in a common gelatinous sheath
Sugiyama Yoshinori - - 2007
Cell-cell interactions among cell types constituting the fetal liver such as hepatoblasts, stellate cells and endothelial cells lead to functional lobule development. The present study was undertaken to investigate hepatic histogenesis in the primary culture of E12.5 mouse livers, including cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Fetal livers were dispersed with protease ...
Elmaouhoub Abderrahim - - 2007
Synthesis of most of the plasma proteins is one of the main functions of the hepatocytes. Albumin synthesis is quantitatively the most abundant. In the present study we investigated albumin- and alpha-fetoprotein-gene-expression, and the function of the secretory apparatus during rat liver development. To this purpose we used the method ...
Triebskorn Rita - - 2008
As a part of an exposure and effect monitoring conducted along the river Mureş, Western Romania in 2004, the health status of two indigenous fish species, sneep (Chondrostoma nasus) and European chub (Leuciscus cephalus) was investigated upstream and downstream the city of Arad. In fish, histopathology was assessed in liver ...
Topinka Jan J Laboratory of Genetic Ecotoxicology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, AS CR, 142 20 Prague, Czech - - 2008
The bipotent liver progenitor cells, so called oval cells, may participate at the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis induced by chemical carcinogens. Unlike in mature parenchymal cells, little is known about formation of DNA adducts and other genotoxic events in oval cells. In the present study, we employed spontaneously immortalized rat ...
Smith Jeffrey S - - 2008
Kupffer cells are a major barrier to systemic adenovirus (Ad) gene therapy because they rapidly and efficiently clear virions from the circulation. The lack of a straightforward quantitative technique for selectively measuring uptake of Ad by Kupffer cells has made it difficult to study the mechanisms by which they recognize ...
Xu Cheng-Fu - - 2007
AIM: To investigate whether changes in the frequency of peripheral natural killer T (NKT) cells were correlated with liver disease in patients who had metabolic predispositions to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 60 Chinese NAFLD patients and 60 age and gender matched healthy ...
Fink Edwin - - 2007
Plasma prekallikrein (PPK) is synthesised in hepatocytes and secreted into the blood, where it participates in the surface-dependent activation of blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, kinin generation and inflammation. Recently we demonstrated by quantitative RT-PCR that the human PPK gene is transcribed not only in the liver, but also in various non-hepatic ...
Tsamandas Athanassios C - - 2007
Aim: Oval cells are liver stem cells involved in liver regeneration following liver damage. Previous studies have shown that pretreatment with a hepatocyte inhibitor is required to allow full oval cell activation. This study investigates whether oval cells develop and proliferate in a model of experimental liver fibrosis without pretreatment ...
Comar Jurandir Fernando - - 2007
It has been proposed that key enzymes of ureagenesis and the alanine aminotransferase activity predominate in periportal hepatocytes. However, ureagenesis from alanine, when measured in the perfused liver, did not show periportal predominance and even the release of the direct products of alanine transformation, lactate and pyruvate, was higher in ...
Alabraba Edward B EB Liver Research Group, 5th Floor IBR, The University of Birmingham Medical School, Wolfson Drive, Edgbaston, Birmingham B152TT, UK. - - 2007
Macrophages are a diverse population of cells that are able to adapt to specific tissue environments. Kupffer cells are liver resident macrophages and form the largest population of fixed tissue macrophages. Their isolation offers an exciting opportunity to study this subpopulation of uniquely adapted cells. However existing Kupffer cell isolation ...
Chiu Chien-Chang - - 2007
Partial hepatectomy or carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) injury, following treatment of rats with 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF) to inhibit proliferation of hepatocytes, induces proliferation of oval cells and possibly their differentiation into nodular foci of hepatocytes when higher doses of 2-AAF are used. Unfortunately, immunohistochemistry in previous studies failed to show oval cell ...
Herrmann Jens - - 2007
At the cellular level, the activation and transdifferentiation of quiescent hepatic stellate cells (HSC) into myofibroblasts is the key process involved in hepatic fibrogenesis that is associated with an increased and altered deposition of extracellular matrix components in the liver. The temporal sequence of molecular events associated with stellate cell ...
Uetsuka Koji - - 2007
We previously reported that no Kupffer cells reacted with the antibody against lysozyme, and Ito cells contained a large cytoplasmic vacuole in the feline liver. In this report, we further examined the characteristics of porcine and bovine hepatic non-parenchymal cells. In the liver of both animals, Kupffer cells were positive ...
Kanai Miharu - - 2007
The capacity of selective uptake by liver cells, focusing particularly on the parenchymal and perisinusoidal stellate cells during chick liver development (8-18 days of incubation), was ultrastructurally examined after injection of 240-nm-diameter lecithin (phosphatidylcholine) -coated or noncoated beads into the extraembryonic circulation. Cytoplasmic projections of both cells as well as ...
Xu Zhibin - - 2007
We present here an effective technique for the large-scale separation and identification of N-linked glycoproteins from Chang liver cells, the human normal liver cells. To enrich N-linked glycoproteins from the whole cells, a procedure containing the lysis of human liver cells, the solubilization of total proteins, lectin affinity chromatography including ...
Usynin Ivan - - 2007
After transmission by infected mosquitoes, malaria sporozoites rapidly travel to the liver. To infect hepatocytes, sporozoites traverse Kupffer cells, but surprisingly, the parasites are not killed by these resident macrophages of the liver. Here we show that Plasmodium sporozoites and recombinant circumsporozoite protein (CSP) suppress the respiratory burst in Kupffer ...
Sobaniec-Lotowska Maria Elzbieta Sobaniec-Lotowska - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the ultrastructure of oval cells in children with chronic hepatitis B, with special emphasis on their location in areas of collagen fibroplasia. METHODS: Morphological investigations were conducted on biopsy material obtained from 40 children, aged 3-16 years with chronic hepatitis B. The stage of fibrosis was assessed ...
Stenzinger Albrecht - - 2007
Expression of the novel protein tyrosine phosphatase interacting protein 51 (PTPIP51) was investigated on mRNA and protein level in the liver of adult Wistar rats. The presence of PTPIP51 mRNA was detected by Northern blotting. Immunostaining showed expression of PTPIP51 protein in distinct non-parenchymal cells. These cells were identified as ...
Enomoto Nobuyuki - - 2007
The hepatotoxic effects of alcohol have been described in detail, but mechanisms underlying the hepatotoxicity have been only partially characterized. Recently, increasing lines of evidence indicate that Kupffer cells play multiple roles in initiation and progression of alcoholic steatohepatitis. After ethanol exposure, Kupffer cells are activated via a mechanism dependent ...
Codes Liana - - 2007
The main injury caused by hepatitis C virus is the hepatic fibrosis, as a result of a chronic inflammatory process in the liver characterized by the deposit of components from the extracellular matrix. The fibrosis development leads to the modification of the hepatic architecture, of the hepatocellular function and to ...
Marí Montserrat - - 2007
Sphingolipids (SLs) comprise a class of lipids with important structural functions and increasing relevance in cellular signalling. In particular, ceramide has attracted considerable attention owing to its role as a second messenger modulating several cell functions such as proliferation, gene expression, differentiation, cell cycle arrest and cell death. Increasing evidence ...
Gutiérrez-Ruiz Ma Concepción - - 2007
Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are the principal fibrogenic cell type in the liver. Progress in understanding the cellular and molecular basis for the development and progression of liver fibrosis could be possible by the development of methods to isolate HSC from rodents and human liver. Growth of stellate cells on ...
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