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Results 301 - 350 of 2619
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Jiao Jingjing - - 2009
This review will summarize the most significant work that contributed to the understanding of liver fibrosis progression and resolution, which in turn has yielded new areas of therapeutic targeting. Liver fibrosis is the result of an imbalance between production and dissolution of extracellular matrix. Stellate cells, portal myofibroblasts, and bone ...
Fan Hong H Key Laboratory of Developmental Genes and Human Diseases, Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China. - - 2009
To explore the relationship between DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its biological significance in primary HCC. We carried out an immunohistochemical examination of DNMT1 in both HCC and paired non-neoplastic liver tissues from Chinese subjects. DNMT1 mRNA was further examined in HCC ...
Dovey Michael M Children's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, - - 2009
Topoisomerases solve the topological problems encountered by DNA throughout the lifetime of a cell. Topoisomerase II alpha, which is highly conserved among eukaryotes, untangles replicated chromosomes during mitosis and is absolutely required for cell viability. A homozygous lethal mutant, can4, was identified in a screen to identify genes important for ...
Gehring Stephan S Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital and The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 55 Claverick Street, Providence, RI 02903, - - 2009
To develop a method of labeling and micro-dissecting mouse Kupffer cells within an extraordinarily short period of time using laser capture microdissection (LCM). Tissues are complex structures comprised of a heterogeneous population of interconnected cells. LCM offers a method of isolating a single cell type from specific regions of a ...
Wang Ping - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hepatic oval cells, progenitor cells in the liver, can differentiate into hepatocytes and bile duct cells both in vitro and in vivo. Although hepatic stellate cells are another important cell component in the liver, less attention has been focused on the relationship between hepatic oval cells and hepatic stellate ...
Lemaigre Frédéric P - - 2009
The study of liver development has significantly contributed to developmental concepts about morphogenesis and differentiation of other organs. Knowledge of the mechanisms that regulate hepatic epithelial cell differentiation has been essential in creating efficient cell culture protocols for programmed differentiation of stem cells to hepatocytes as well as developing cell ...
Gassmann Peter - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In metastasis research, modern microscopic techniques shed a new light on the mechanisms of metastatic tumor cell arrest in the microcirculation of potential metastasis target organs. In this study, we differentiated the contribution of mechanical cell arrest, determined as lumen occlusion of liver sinusoids by tumor cells, and specific ...
Ostrowska Alina - - 2009
Until now little is known about the functional integrity of human hepatocytes after hypothermic storage. In order to address this limitation, we evaluated several commercially available hypothermic preservation media for their abilities to protect freshly isolated hepatocytes during prolonged cold storage. Human hepatocytes were isolated from non-transplantable/rejected donor livers and ...
Cukierman Lisa - - 2009
Claudin-1, a component of tight junctions between liver hepatocytes, is a hepatitis C virus (HCV) late-stage entry cofactor. To investigate the structural and functional roles of various claudin-1 domains in HCV entry, we applied a mutagenesis strategy. Putative functional intracellular claudin-1 domains were not important. However, we identified seven novel ...
Tanimizu Naoki - - 2009
Bile ducts are hepatic tubular structures that are lined by cholangiocytes, a type of liver epithelial cell. Cholangiocytes first form a single layer of cells, termed the ductal plate, surrounding the portal vein, which eventually remodels into the branching tubular network of bile ducts. The process of bile duct morphogenesis ...
Baratta Janie L - - 2009
The cellular organization of normal mouse liver was studied using light and electron microscopy and quantitative immunocytochemical techniques. The general histological organization of the mouse liver is similar to livers of other mammalian species, with a lobular organization based on the distributions of portal areas and central venules. The parenchymal ...
Arends Brigitte - - 2009
Naturally occurring liver disease in dogs resemble human liver disease in great detail; including the activation of liver progenitor cells (LPC) in acute and chronic liver disease. The aim of the present study was to isolate, culture, and characterize progenitor cells derived from healthy mature dog livers. A nonparenchymal cell ...
Asahina Kinji K Department of Pathology, Southern California Research Center for Alcoholic Liver and Pancreatic Diseases and Cirrhosis, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033-9141, USA. - - 2009
The knowledge concerning fetal hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is scarce, and their cell lineage and functions are largely unknown. The current study isolated fetal liver mesenchymal cells from a mouse expressing beta-galactosidase under the control of Msx2 promoter by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and surveyed marker genes by microarray analysis. ...
Clayton Elizabeth - - 2009
The intra-hepatic population of liver progenitor cells expands during liver injury when hepatocyte proliferation is inhibited. These cells can be purified by density gradient centrifugation and cultured. Separated by size only this population contains small cells of hematopoietic, epithelial and endothelial lineages and is thought to contain liver stem cells. ...
Zhang Wei W Hepatic Surgery Center, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei Province, - - 2009
To elucidate the interaction between non-parenchymal cells, extracellular matrix and oval cells during the restituting process of liver injury induced by partial hepatectomy (PH). We examined the localization of oval cells, non-parenchymal cells, and the extracellular matrix components using immunohistochemical and double immunofluorescent analysis during the proliferation and differentiation of ...
Fan Yang - - 2009
Lead nitrate induces hepatocyte proliferation and subsequent apoptosis in rat livers. Iron is a constituent of heme and is also required for cell proliferation. In this study, the expression of ferritin light-chain (FTL), the major iron storage protein, was investigated in rat livers after a single intravenous injection of lead ...
Guo Guang-Hui - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major cause of liver fibrosis, but the mechanisms underlying HBV-related fibrogenesis are still unknown. Although the roles of HBV X protein (HBx) remain poorly understood, it is thought to play an important role in the regulation of cellular growth and hepatocarcinogenesis. ...
Li Ya-Lin - - 2009
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the crucial factor responsible for liver fibrosis and involved in development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by interaction with tumour cells. Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has the oncolytic characteristics of intrinsically selective replication in neoplasia cells and transformed cells. But, NDV replication in HSCs and ...
Yang Yi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Roles that bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) play in liver repair after liver injury and the cell therapy for liver diseases are widely accepted. However, the availability of hepatocyte-like cells from BMSCs and possible animal diseases association with culturing in fetal calf serum (FCS) are the major limitations of ...
Amann Thomas - - 2009
Liver cirrhosis is the main risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are the effector cells of hepatic fibrosis and also infiltrate the HCC stroma where they might play a critical role in HCC progression. Here we aimed to analyze the effects of ...
Ayoola, SO; ;
Agrochemicals affect fish by interfering with their reproduction, behaviours and reducing their growth with evidence of tissue damage, which may lead to their mortality. Fish are particularly sensitive to a wide variety of agrochemicals and their environment may become toxic due to deliberate discharge of chemicals into waterways and even ...
Luciani Alain - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine whether an external magnet field can induce preferential trafficking of magnetically labeled Huh7 hepatoma cells to the liver following liver cell transplantation. Huh7 hepatoma cells were labeled with anionic magnetic nanoparticles (AMNP) and tagged with a fluorescent membrane marker (PKH67). Iron-uptake was ...
Villeneuve Julien - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In adult liver, the mesenchymal cells, portal fibroblasts and vascular smooth muscle cells can transdifferentiate into myofibroblasts, and are involved in portal fibrosis. Differential expression of markers, such as alpha-smooth muscle actin (ASMA), h-caldesmon and cellular retinol-binding protein-1 allows their phenotypic discrimination. The aim of our study was to ...
Li Shuangyue - - 2009
BACKGROUND AIMS: Umbilical cord blood (UCB) cells are an attractive choice in cytotherapy and represent an alternative to hepatocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using the technique of micro-encapsulation to study the differentiation and function of UCB cells in an injured liver model and ...
Sumitran-Holgersson Suchitra - - 2009
Although the appearance of hepatic foci in the pancreas has been described in animal experiments and in human pathology, evidence for the conversion of human pancreatic cells to liver cells is still lacking. We therefore investigated the developmental plasticity between human embryonic pancreatic cells and liver cells. Cells were isolated ...
Neo Sakurako - - 2009
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) can stimulate human and rat bone marrow (BM) cells to differentiate into hepatocytes. A human placental hydrolysate (hPH) stimulates proliferation of hepatocytes, but its role as a potential inducer of BM cells to form hepatocytes is unclear. To determine if canine BM cells stimulated with HGF ...
Deurholt Tanja - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A clonal cell line that combines both stable hepatic function and proliferation capacity is desirable for in vitro applications that depend on hepatic function, such as pharmacological or toxicological assays and bioartificial liver systems. Here we describe the generation and characterization of a clonal human cell line for in ...
Corrigall A V - - 2009
Protoporphyrinogen oxidase is the penultimate enzyme in the haem biosynthetic pathway. In this study, the expression of protoporphyrinogen oxidase in a variety of human organs has been documented by immunohistochemical means at the light microscopy level in order to shed light on its inter- and intra-organ distribution. The expression varied ...
Luo Yi - - 2009
CD10 expression is associated with metastases of colorectal cancer (CRC). In the present study, we examined association of CD10 with liver metastasis of CRC cells to clarify the therapeutic significance of CD10. CD10-positive human colon cancer cell line, HT29 cells showed inhibition of growth, invasion and colony formation by treatment ...
Shupe Thomas D - - 2009
The pace of research on the potential therapeutic uses of liver stem cells or "oval cells" has accelerated significantly in recent years. Concurrent advancements in techniques for the isolation and characterization of these cells have helped fuel this research. Several models now exist for the induction of oval cell proliferation ...
Kobayashi Naoya - - 2009
In recent years there has been a particular focus on research regarding tissue engineering targeting the liver, especially in terms of what types of cells and extracellular matrices should be organized and in what type of environments to create an artificial liver, i.e., a life-saving organ. The ideal is to ...
Huang Hai-Yan - - 2009
Hormesis is the dose-response pattern of the biological responses to toxic chemicals, characterized by low-dose stimulation and high-dose inhibition. Although it is known that some cell types exhibit an adaptive response to low levels of cytotoxic agents, its molecular mechanism is still unclear and it has yet to be established ...
Hodgson Amanda J - - 2008
The cycles of cell death and compensatory regeneration that occur during chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are central to viral pathogenesis and are a risk factor for the development of liver cancer. The HBV genome encodes one regulatory protein, HBx, which is required for virus replication, although its precise ...
Otogawa Kohji - - 2009
The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a cue to initiate liver fibrosis. Activated stellate cells acquire contractile activity similar to pericytes and myofibroblasts in other organs by inducing the contractile machinery of cytoskeletons such as smooth muscle alpha-actin (alpha-SMA), a well-known marker of activated stellate cells, and actin-binding ...
Duarte Maria Irma Seixas - - 2009
The liver involvement in the human visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been related to parasitism and activated Kupffer cells with further occasional fibrotic alterations, especially after long-term disease without treatment. However, fibrotic alterations have been reported after therapy, whose clinical finding is the persistence of hepatomegaly. Fibrotic involvement of the liver ...
Tang Nan-Hong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Currently, one of the tough problems for the application of bioartificial liver (BAL) is the shortage of suitable hepatocytes. There are reports on different types of BAL assistance developed with porcine hepatocytes and HepG2 C3A cells, but their defects are obvious. In recent years, some studies focus more on ...
Suzuki Atsushi A Division of Organogenesis and Regeneration, Post-Genome Science Center, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. - - 2008
The adult liver progenitor cells appear in response to several types of pathological liver injury, especially when hepatocyte replication is blocked. These cells are histologically identified as cells that express cholangiocyte markers and proliferate in the portal area of the hepatic lobule. Although these cells play an important role in ...
Pan Cuiping - - 2008
The liver is a central organ involved in many aspects of physiology and disease. Signaling properties of hepatocytes, the main liver cell type, are of special interest in metabolic diseases and in regeneration. For this reason we investigated the phosphoproteome of the mouse liver cell line Hepa1-6 by stable isotope ...
Soon Russell K RK - - 2008
The contraction of hepatic stellate cells has been proposed to mediate fibrosis by regulating sinusoidal blood flow and extracellular matrix remodeling. Abundant data from diverse, yet complementary, experimental methods support a robust model for the regulation of contractile force generation by stellate cells. In this model, soluble factors associated with ...
Chung Won-Suk WS Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Programs in Developmental Biology, Genetics and Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, 1550 4th Street, San Francisco, CA 94158, - - 2008
Explant culture data have suggested that the liver and pancreas originate from common progenitors. We used single-cell-lineage tracing in zebrafish to investigate this question in vivo as well as to analyze the hepatic versus pancreatic fate decision. At early somite stages, endodermal cells located at least two cells away from ...
Lee Seung-Ok - - 2008
Hyperproliferation of bile duct epithelial cells due to cell-cycle dysregulation is a key feature of cystogenesis in polycystic liver diseases (PCLDs). Recent evidence suggests a regulatory role for microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of biological processes, including cell proliferation. We therefore hypothesized that miRNAs may be involved in the regulation ...
Huang Honghui - - 2008
Mesodermal tissues produce various inductive signals essential for morphogenesis of endodermal organs. However, little is known about how the spatial relationship between the mesodermal signal-producing cells and their target endodermal organs is established during morphogenesis. Here, we report that a mutation in the zebrafish myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (mypt1) ...
de Lima Vicência M R - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a well recognized complication of advanced NASH (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis). We sought to produce a rat model of NASH, cirrhosis and HCC. METHODS: Adult Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250-300g, were fed a choline-deficient, high trans-fat diet and exposed to DEN in drinking water. After 16 weeks, the ...
Espiña B - - 2008
Pectenotoxins are macrocyclic lactones found in dinoflagellates of the genus Dinophysis, which induce severe liver damage in mice after i.p. injection. Here, we have looked for the mechanism(s) underlying this hepatotoxicity. Effects of pectenotoxin (PTX)-1, PTX-2, PTX-2 seco acid (PTX-2SA) and PTX-11 were measured in a hepatocyte cell line with ...
Liu Yi-Hsiang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hepatoma cells are morphologically different from those of the normal liver. Intermediate filaments (IFs) are important in building the cellular architecture and maintaining the outline of cells. Plectin is a cross-linking protein that organizes the cytoskeleton into a stable meshwork, which can maintain the uniform size and shape of ...
Chatzipantelis Paschalis - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Owing to recent contradicting results in the study of the regenerative process after hepatic injury in primary biliary cirrhosis, we investigated the use of CD56 in tissue repair during the histological progression of primary biliary cirrhosis. METHODS: Fifty-three specimens were classified into Ludwig's stages (1-4) as follows: 14 specimens ...
Yoo Sunny J-S - - 2008
The Ser/Thr phosphatase PP2A is a set of multisubunit enzymes that regulate many cellular processes. In yeast, the PP2A regulatory subunit Tap42 forms part of the target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling pathway that links nutrient and energy availability to cell growth. The physiological intersection between the mammalian orthologs of Tap42 ...
Oh Phil-Sun - - 2008
Dioscorea batatas Decne (DBD) is traditionally used to heal inflammatory disease as a folk medicine. It was reported that a glycoprotein (DBD glycoprotein) with a molecular weight of 30 kDa was isolated from DBD and consists of carbohydrate (83.75%) and protein (16.25%) moieties. The previous results showed that it has ...
Mello Tommaso - - 2008
Approximately 80% of the body vitamin A is stored in liver stellate cells with in the lipid droplets as retinyl esters. In low vitamin A status or after liver injury, stellate cells are depleted of the stored retinyl esters by their hydrolysis to retinol. However, the identity of retinyl ester ...
Pham Van T - - 2008
Oval cells participate in liver regeneration when hepatocyte replication is impaired. These precursor cells proliferate in periportal regions and organize in ductules. They are surrounded by a basement membrane, the degradation of which by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) might trigger their terminal differentiation into hepatocytes. We studied the expression of MMP-2 ...
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