Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2631
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Schwartz Robert E - - 2010
Early studies in hepatocyte turnover and liver regeneration showed that the parenchymal cell, the hepatocyte, was the primary and only cell involved in tissue renewal. However, new studies of liver regeneration, hepatocarcinogenesis, liver transplantation, and various cell lines have shown that a variety of cell types participate in maintaining hepatocyte ...
Cipak Ana - - 2010
Liver is a unique mammalian organ with a great capacity of regeneration related to its function. After surgical resection or injury, hepatic cells, especially hepatocytes, can proliferate rapidly to repair the damage and to regenerate the structure without affecting the function of the liver. Loss of catalase activity during regeneration ...
Celton-Morizur Séverine - - 2010
Eukaryotic organisms usually contain a diploid complement of chromosomes. However, there are a number of exceptions. Organisms containing an increase in DNA content by whole number multiples of the entire set of chromosomes are defined as polyploid. Cells that contain more than two sets of chromosomes were first observed in ...
Anthony Barrie - - 2010
Fibrogenesis is a common feature of many diseases where there is severe insult to the liver. The hepatic stellate cell trans-differentiation into a myofibroblast has been identified as an important event in liver fibrogenesis and has been well investigated over the last few years in a number of liver diseases. ...
Gerbal-Chaloin Sabine - - 2010
Highly differentiated normal human hepatocytes represent the gold standard cellular model for basic and applied research in liver physiopathology, pharmacology, toxicology, virology, and liver biotherapy. Nowadays, although livers from organ donors or medically required resections represent the current sources of hepatocytes, the possibility to generate hepatocytes from the differentiation of ...
Devun Flavien - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prolonged opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) leads to cell death. Various ubiquinone analogs have been shown to regulate PTP opening but the outcome of PTP regulation by ubiquinone analogs on cell fate has not been studied yet. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The effects of ubiquinone 0 (Ub(0)), ubiquinone ...
Zhou Junnian - - 2010
Understanding how hepatic precursor cells can generate differentiated bile ducts is crucial for studies on epithelial morphogenesis and for development of cell therapies for hepatobiliary diseases. Epimorphin (EPM) is a key morphogen for duct morphogenesis in various epithelial organs. The role of EPM in bile duct formation (DF) from hepatic ...
Erkan Mert - - 2010
Tissue fibrosis is an integral component of chronic inflammatory (liver and pancreas) diseases and pancreatic cancer. Activated pancreatic- (PSC) and hepatic- (HSC) stellate cells play a key role in fibrogenesis. To identify organ- and disease-specific stellate cell transcriptional fingerprints, we employed genome-wide transcriptional analysis of primary human PSC and HSC ...
Eberhard Daniel D Department of Biology & Biochemistry, Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University of Bath, Bath, - - 2010
Transdifferentiation is defined as the conversion of one cell type to another. One well-documented example of transdifferentiation is the conversion of pancreatic cells to hepatocytes. Here we describe a robust in vitro model to study pancreas to liver transdifferentiation. It is based on the addition of the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone ...
Ishii Takamichi - - 2010
Hepatocytes derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are an attractive cell source for regenerative medicine. We previously reported the differentiation of hESCs into alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing endodermal cells by using extracellular matrix and growth factors. We also reported the establishment of the MLSgt20 cell line, which was derived from mesenchymal ...
Osna Natalia A NA Liver Study Unit, The Omaha Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68105, USA. - - 2010
The proteasome is a multi-catalytic protein degradation enzyme that is regulated by ethanol-induced oxidative stress; such suppression is attributed to CYP2E1-generated metabolites. However, under certain conditions, it appears that in addition to oxidative stress, other mechanisms are also involved in proteasome regulation. This study investigated whether impaired protein methylation that ...
Liu Zhenan - - 2010
Blebbistatin, an inhibitor of myosin-II-specific ATPase, has been used to inhibit contraction of invertebrate and mammalian muscle preparations containing non-muscle myosin. Activated hepatic stellate cells have contractile properties and play an important role in the pathophysiology of liver fibrosis and portal hypertension. Therefore, hepatic stellate cells are considered as therapeutic ...
Sasaki Nozomi - - 2009
Oligosaccharides serve as markers of the cell surface and have been used as certain kinds of tumor markers. In the present study, we established a simple method for isolating hepatic progenitor cells using a lectin, which recognizes a characteristic oligosaccharide structure. Rat liver epithelial (RLE) cells, which have been established ...
Fukumitsu Ken - - 2009
Stromal cells residing in murine fetal livers have the ability to promote the hepatic maturation of murine embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) 3848 in vitro. These stromal cells were isolated as the CD49f(+/-)CD45(-)Thy1(+)gp38(+) cell fraction. The present study established a murine fetal liver stromal cell line ...
Catalá M - - 2009
The liver is the main organ for the elimination of bacterial endotoxin involving Kupffer and parenchymal cells. This process is accompanied by the release of free radicals. Parenchymal cells possess especially high levels of glutathione, which make them a key point in the response to free radicals. Sinusoidal cells regulate ...
Choi Steve S SS Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2009
The outcome of liver injury is dictated by the effectiveness of repair. Successful repair (i.e., regeneration) results in replacement of dead epithelial cells with healthy epithelial cells, and reconstructs normal hepatic structure and function. Liver regeneration is known to involve replication of surviving mature hepatocytes and bile duct cells. This ...
Muriel Pablo - - 2009
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS) are produced by metabolism of normal cells. However, in liver diseases, redox is increased thereby damaging the hepatic tissue; the capability of ethanol to increase both ROS/RNS and peroxidation of lipids, DNA, and proteins was demonstrated in a variety of systems, cells, ...
Mancone Carmine - - 2010
Hepatocytes are considered an exception of the paradigmatic inverse correlation between cell proliferation and terminal differentiation. In fact, hepatic vital functions are guaranteed by proliferating parenchymal cells during liver regeneration. However, a fine molecular characterization of the relationship between proliferation and differentiation in hepatocytes has been hampered by the lack ...
Brol?n Gabriella - - 2010
Human embryonic stem cells offer a potential unlimited supply for functional hepatocytes, since they can differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells displaying a characteristic hepatic morphology and expressing various hepatic markers. These cells could be used in various applications such as studies of drug metabolism and hepatotoxicity, which however, would require a ...
Wang Zhi-Wei - - 2010
One-pot synthesis of novel phosphoramidates with porphine and nitrogenous drug was accomplished. In the absence of light, MTT test showed that they killed the BEL-7402 liver cancer cells effectively in vitro. The cell viability studied on normal liver and cancer cells showed that porphine phosphoramidates selectively kill the cancer cells, ...
Fr?hlich Eleonore - - 2010
Nanoparticles are known to be able to interfere with cellular metabolism and to cause cytotoxicity and moreover may interfere with specific cellular functions. Serious effects on the latter include changes in liver cell function. The cytochrome P450 system is expressed in many cells but is especially important in hepatocytes and ...
Che Xian-Hua - - 2010
Tanshinone IIA, a major component extracted from the traditional herbal medicine, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, improves blood circulation and treats chronic hepatitis and hepatic fibrosis. Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the predominant event in liver fibrosis. The therapeutic goal in liver fibrosis is the reversal of fibrosis and selective ...
Yoon Chang-Hwan - - 2010
Claudins are identified as members of the tetraspanin family of proteins, which are integral to the structure and function of tight junction. Recent studies showed an increase in expression of claudins during tumorigenesis, which is associated with loss of cell-cell contact, dedifferentiation, and invasiveness. However, the molecular basis for the ...
Mukhi Sandeep - - 2010
During the climax of amphibian metamorphosis many tadpole organs remodel. The different remodeling strategies are controlled by thyroid hormone (TH). The liver, skin, and tail fibroblasts shut off tadpole genes and activate frog genes in the same cell without DNA replication. We refer to this as "gene switching". In contrast, ...
Kon Junko - - 2009
In galactosamine (GalN)-induced rat liver injury, hepatic stem/progenitor cells, small hepatocytes (SHs) and oval cells, transiently appear in the initial period of liver regeneration. To clarify the relationship between SHs and oval cells, CD44(+) and Thy1(+) cells were sorted from GalN-treated livers and used as candidates for SHs and oval ...
Monticelli Laurel A LA Division of Biology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0377, - - 2009
Natural killer T cells expressing an invariant T-cell receptor (iNKT) regulate activation of both innate and adaptive immunity in many contexts. iNKT cells accumulate in the liver and rapidly produce prodigious amounts of numerous cytokines upon activation, impacting the immune response to viral infection, immunosurveillance for malignant cells, and liver ...
Martinova E A - - 2009
The time course of changes in mTOR kinase protein and Akt and HSP70 molecular chaperone in hepatic cells was studied in a model system of metabolic stress (48-h food deprivation with subsequent restoration of normal volume of nutrition) on C57Bl/6 mice. The fluorescence intensity of mTOR protein stained with antibodies ...
Cardinal Jon - - 2009
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear protein released from stressed or damaged cells that activates inflammatory cascades involved in the pathogenesis of liver ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. In efforts to develop strategies aimed at preventing its release from ischemic cells following I/R, we studied the use of ...
Chiu Chien-Chang - - 2009
Liver progenitors, so-called oval cells, proliferate remarkably from periportal areas after severe liver injury when hepatocyte regeneration is compromised. These cells invade far into the liver parenchyma. Molecular mechanisms underlying these behaviors of oval cells remain poorly understood. In this study, we treated rats with 2-acetylaminofluorene/carbon tetrachloride to induce hepatic ...
Sawitza Iris - - 2009
It is well-accepted that hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) can develop into myofibroblast-like cells that synthesize extracellular matrix proteins and contribute to liver fibrosis. Recently, molecular markers of stem/progenitor cells were discovered in HSCs of rats. Moreover, the cells displayed the capacity to differentiate and to participate in liver regeneration. In ...
Senior John R - - 2010
Chemotherapy is meant to be toxic, but it is particularly aimed at the tumor cells. Collateral damage may occur to normal cells and tissues, especially if they are fairly rapidly regenerating, as is the case for bone marrow cells, intestinal epithelial cells, and liver cells after hepatic injury. The liver ...
Woodard L E - - 2010
Phage phiC31 integrase is a recombinase that can be expressed in mammalian cells to integrate plasmids carrying an attB sequence into the genome at specific pseudo attP locations. We show by immunofluoresence that wild-type phiC31 integrase is cytoplasmic and that addition of the SV40 nuclear localization signal (NLS) localized phiC31 ...
Yoshikawa Seiichi S Department of Human Pathology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine, 13-1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa 920-8640, - - 2009
To reveal the characteristics of CD133(+) cells in the liver. This study examined the histological characteristics of CD133(+) cells in non-neoplastic and neoplastic liver tissues by immunostaining, and also analyzed the biological characteristics of CD133(+) cells derived from human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or cholangiocarcinoma cell lines. Immunostaining revealed constant expression ...
Kuniyasu H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of CD10, a characteristic marker of liver metastasis of colorectal cancers (CRCs). DESIGN: The effect of CD10 and Met-enkephalin (MENK) in CD10-positive and -negative human CRC cells was investigated under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Human CRC samples were examined. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: CD10-positive ...
Guguen-Guillouzo Christiane - - 2010
Better prediction of safety risk and understanding of mechanism of action of drug candidates remain a major challenge in order to prevent late stage attrition. Continuous efforts are made to improve and develop new models, especially in some areas such as hepatotoxicity. Besides primary hepatocytes and transformed liver cell lines, ...
Stewart Scott G - - 2009
We report the syntheses of five natural product maleimide and maleic anhydrides from the mushroom Antrodia camphorata. The ability of these compounds to affect proliferation in non-tumourigenic and tumourigenic liver progenitor cell lines was monitored by the Cellscreen system, a novel and nondestructive rapid-screening instrument. Additionally, a range of new ...
Ho John W - - 2009
Oxymatrine is one of active constituents isolated from Ku Shen, which is the dried root of Sophora flavescens Ait. The herb used in different herbal formulations is commonly known with specific pharmacological properties for treatment of liver disorders and other diseases such as arrhythmia, eczema and skin disorders, leukopenia and ...
Okamoto Takashi - - 2009
The liver gluconeogenic pathway is recognized as a target for treating diabetes mellitus. In this study, we attempted to establish a new method to evaluate gluconeogenesis using rat H4IIE hepatoma cells. High-density preculture and exposure to hypertonic solutions, which are known to upregulate the expression of gluconeogenic genes, enhanced glucose ...
Johnston Helinor J - - 2010
Nanoparticles (NPs) are being used within diverse applications such as medicines, clothing, cosmetics and food. In order to promote the safe development of such nanotechnologies it is essential to assess the potential adverse health consequences associated with human exposure. The liver is recognised as a target site for NP toxicity, ...
Michalopoulos George K GK Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. - - 2011
Loss of hepatic tissue triggers a regenerative response in the whole organ. Under typical normal conditions, all hepatic cells (epithelial: hepatocytes and biliary epithelial cells; non-epithelial: stellate cells, macrophages and endothelial cells) undergo one to three rounds of replication to establish the original number of cells and restore organ size. ...
Song Zhihua - - 2009
Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are similar to embryonic stem (ES) cells, and can proliferate intensively and differentiate into a variety of cell types. However, the hepatic differentiation of human iPS cells has not yet been reported. In this report, human iPS cells were induced to differentiate into hepatic ...
Raynaud Peggy - - 2011
The biliary tract consists of a network of intrahepatic and extrahepatic ducts that collect and drain the bile produced by hepatocytes to the gut. The bile ducts are lined by cholangiocytes, a specialized epithelial cell type that has a dual origin. Intrahepatic cholangiocytes derive from the liver precursor cells, whereas ...
Nedredal Geir I GI Department of Digestive Surgery, University Hospital Northern Norway and Institute of Clinical Medicine, - - 2009
Ammonia metabolism in the liver has been largely credited to hepatocytes (HCs). We have shown that liver nonparenchymal cells that include liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) produce ammonia. To address the limited knowledge regarding a role for LSECs in ammonia metabolism, we investigated the ammonia metabolism of isolated LSECs and ...
Kim Haeryoung H Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, - - 2009
Large liver cell change (LLCC) refers to microscopic lesions often found in various chronic liver diseases; however, its nature is still controversial. Thirty-four formalin-fixed and 19 fresh frozen hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis samples were examined for the presence of LLCC, small liver cell change (SLCC), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). ...
Li Shuangyue - - 2009
Background aims Umbilical cord blood (UCB) cells are an attractive choice in cytotherapy and represent an alternative to hepatocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using the technique of microencapsulation to study the differentiation and function of UCB cells in an injured liver model and ...
Sun Yan Y Institute of Comparative Medicine and Center of Experimental Animals, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, - - 2009
To examine the human hepatic parenchymal and stromal components in rat liver and the phenotypic changes of human cells in liver of human-rat chimera (HRC) generated by in utero transplantation of human cells during partial hepatectomy (PHx)-induced liver regeneration. Human hepatic parenchymal and stromal components and phenotypic changes of human ...
Yovchev Mladen I - - 2009
Thymus cell antigen-1 (Thy-1)-expressing cells proliferate in the liver during oval cell (OC)-mediated liver regeneration. We characterized these cells in normal liver, in carbon tetrachloride-injured liver, and in several models of OC activation. The gene expression analyses were performed using reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), quantitative RT-PCR (Q-RT-PCR) of cells ...
Bruscalupi Giovannella - - 2009
Cadmium, a toxic heavy metal, expresses its toxicity by affecting several cellular functions, such as enzyme activities, DNA repair systems, redox state of the cell and signal transduction. Although the liver is a known target organ, the mechanisms involved in cadmium toxicity are not yet clarified, especially during prenatal development. ...
Matsusue Ryo - - 2009
It has been determined that the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) regulate several key processes in a wide variety of cancers. However, the function and mechanism of the SDF-1/CXCR4 system in the metastasis of colorectal cancer remain controversial. Immunohistochemistry was performed to examine quantitatively the ...
Friedman Mendel - - 2009
Tomato plants ( Lycopersicon esculentum ) synthesize the glycoalkaloids dehydrotomatine and alpha-tomatine, possibly as a defense against bacteria, fungi, viruses, and insects. Six green and three red tomato extracts were investigated for their ability to induce cell death in human cancer and normal cells using a microculture tetrazolium (MTT) assay. ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >