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Results 201 - 250 of 2631
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Talbot Neil C - - 2010
Two cell lines, PICM-19H and PICM-19B, were derived from the bipotent PICM-19 pig liver stem cell line and assessed for their potential application in artificial liver devices (ALD). The study included assessments of growth rate and cell density in culture, morphological features, serum protein production, gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) activity and hepatocyte ...
Wallace Karen - - 2010
Hepatocytes are the preparation of choice for Toxicological research in vitro. However, despite the fact that hepatocytes proliferate in vivo during liver regeneration, they are resistant to proliferation in vitro, do not tolerate sub-culture and tend to enter a de-differentiation program that results in a loss of hepatic function. These ...
Boran Halis - - 2010
Acute toxicity of the pesticides, maneb and carbaryl, to juvenile rainbow trout were evaluated under static-renewal test conditions. Actual concentrations of maneb ranged from 0.10mg/L to 2.00mg/L and carbaryl ranged from 0.20mg/L to 3.90mg/L. The concentrations of maneb that killed 50% of the rainbow trout (3.27+/-0.9g) within 24-h (24-h; LC(50)), ...
Andersland Kristin - - 2010
Certain antimicrobial peptides from multicellular animals kill a variety of tumor cells at concentrations not affecting normal eukaryotic cells. Recently, it was reported that also plantaricin A (PlnA), which is a peptide pheromone with strain-specific antibacterial activity produced by Lactobacillus plantarum, permeabilizes cancerous rat pituitary cells (GH(4) cells), whereas normal ...
Weiller Markus - - 2011
Histone deacetylases (HD) represent a novel target in cancer treatment, particularly for scattered small tumours such as the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, only few studies address the toxicological impact of HD Inhibitors (HDIs) on malignantly transformed cells versus primary hepatocytes. We examined whether and how different classes of HDIs sensitise ...
Donato M Teresa - - 2010
Cryopreserved human hepatocytes and other in vitro systems often underpredict in vivo intrinsic clearance (CL(int)). The aim of this study was to explore the potential utility of HepG2 cells transduced with adenovirus vectors expressing a single cytochrome P450 enzyme (Ad-CYP1A2, Ad-CYP2C9, or Ad-CYP3A4) for metabolic clearance predictions. The kinetics of ...
Wen-yue Xu - - 2010
Plasmodium sporozoites suppress the respiratory burst and antigen presentation of Kupffer cells, which are regarded as the portal of invasion into hepatocytes. It is not known whether immune modulation of Kupffer cells can affect the liver stage. In the present study, we found that sporozoites inoculated into Wistar rats could ...
Pintilie Dana G - - 2010
Earlier studies conducted by our laboratory have shown that suppression of transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta)-mediated upregulation of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) by iloprost resulted in a greatly diminished oval cell response to 2-acetylaminofluorene/partial hepatectomy (2AAF/PH) in rats. We hypothesized that this effect is due to decreased activation of hepatic ...
Rygiel Karolina A - - 2010
Loss of bile duct epithelium is characteristic of early chronic rejection following liver transplantation. Recent studies have suggested that intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells can transform into myofibroblasts. This study examines the induction and molecular regulation of this transition during allograft rejection. Immortalized human cholangiocytes were stimulated with either transforming growth ...
Liu Hua H Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231, - - 2010
Recent advances in induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell research have significantly changed our perspective on regenerative medicine. Patient-specific iPS cells have been derived not only for disease modeling but also as sources for cell replacement therapy. However, there have been insufficient data to prove that iPS cells are functionally equivalent ...
Williams Jennifer M - - 2010
To date the molecular signals regulating activation, proliferation, and differentiation of hepatic oval cells are not fully understood. The Wnt family is essential in hepatic embryogenesis and implicated in hepatic carcinogenesis. This study elucidates novel findings implicating Wnt1 in directing oval cell differentiation during the rat 2-acetylaminofluorene (2AAF) and 2/3 ...
Lee Kwang-Pyo - - 2010
Loss of Hippo signaling in Drosophila leads to tissue overgrowth as a result of increased cell proliferation and decreased cell death. YAP (a homolog of Drosophila Yorkie and target of the Hippo pathway) was recently implicated in control of organ size, epithelial tissue development, and tumorigenesis in mammals. However, the ...
Meng Fan Ying FY Key Laboratory of Organ Transplantation, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Institute of Organ Transplantation, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei Province, - - 2010
To develop a hepatocyte cell line, we immortalized primary porcine hepatocytes with a retroviral vector SSR#69 containing the Simian Virus 40 T antigen (SV40Tag). We first established a method of porcine hepatocyte isolation with a modified four-step retrograde perfusion technique. Then the porcine hepatocytes were immortalized with retroviral vector SSR#69 ...
Bioulac-Sage P - - 2010
Cirrhosis is a premalignant condition leading to hepatocellular carcinoma. Cirrhotic nodules are surrounded by a rim of CK 7/CK19-positive biliary cells termed ductular reaction. Half of all regenerative cirrhotic nodules are thought to be monoclonal by studying the pattern of inactivation of the X-linked human androgen receptor gene (HUMARA). Using ...
Gan Lin - - 2010
Stathmin is a microtubule-destabilizing protein ubiquitously expressed in vertebrates and overexpressed in a variety of human malignancies. Down-regulation of its expression will contribute to optimize therapeutic outcomes in the treatment of these malignancies. This research aimed to demonstrate effects of stathmin expression silencing on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell proliferation, apoptosis, ...
Cusimano Antonella - - 2010
Molecular targeted therapy has shown promise as a treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Celecoxib (Celebrex®) exhibits antitumor effects in human HCC cells, and its mechanism of action is mediated either by its ability to inhibit cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) or by a number of various other COX-2 independent effects. Proteasome ...
Brunati Anna Maria - - 2010
Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are the major producers of collagen in the liver and their conversion from resting cells to a proliferating, contractile and fibrogenic phenotype ('activation') is a critical step, leading to liver fibrosis characterized by deposition of excessive extracellular matrix. Cytokines, growth factors, reactive oxygen and nitrogen species ...
Dranoff Jonathan A JA Section of Digestive Diseases, Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. - - 2010
Portal fibroblasts are an important yet often overlooked nonparenchymal cell population in the liver. They are distinct from hepatic stellate cells, yet like stellate cells differentiate in the setting of chronic injury to fibrogenic myofibroblasts, playing an important role in collagen production in the fibrotic liver. Portal fibroblasts (PFs) are ...
Talbot Neil C - - 2010
The PICM-19 pig liver stem cell line was cultured in space for nearly 16 d on the STS-126 mission to assess the effects of spaceflight on the liver's parenchymal cells-PICM-19 cells to differentiate into either monolayers of fetal hepatocytes or 3-dimensional bile ductules (cholangiocytes). Semi-quantitative data included light microscopic assessments ...
Saha Sudipta - - 2010
Troglitazone (TGZ), an orally active hypoglycemic agent, was found to be associated with severe drug-induced liver failure and was withdrawn from the market in 2000. Although the exact mechanism is not clear, it has been postulated that the formation of its major sulfo-conjugated metabolite (TGZS) plays an important role in ...
Lee Woo-Yong - - 2010
Here we investigate the dynamics of the hepatic intravascular immune response to a pathogen relevant to invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT cells). Immobilized Kupffer cells with highly ramified extended processes into multiple sinusoids could effectively capture blood-borne, disseminating Borrelia burgdorferi, creating a highly efficient surveillance and filtering system. After ...
Zeng Zhong Z Organ Transplantation Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College, 295 Xichang Road, Kunming 650032, Yunnan Province, China. - - 2010
To examine whether heme oxygenase (HO)-1 overexpression would exert direct or indirect effects on Kupffer cells activation, which lead to aggravation of reperfusion injury. Donors were pretreated with cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) or zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), HO-1 inducer and antagonist, respectively. Livers were stored at 4 degrees C for 24 h ...
Hart Steven N - - 2010
HepaRG cells, derived from a female hepatocarcinoma patient, are capable of differentiating into biliary epithelial cells and hepatocytes. More importantly, differentiated HepaRG cells are able to maintain activities of many xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes, and expression of the metabolizing enzyme genes can be induced by xenobiotics. The ability of these cells to ...
Yu Feng F Institute of Life Sciences, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, - - 2010
Delta-like 1 (DLK1), a fetal liver stem cell marker, is strongly expressed in human and rodent fetal liver, but not in adult liver. Notably, dysregulation of DLK1 was found in some human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). However, the effect of DLK1 on HCC cell growth and its underlying mechanism are still ...
Giri Shibashish - - 2010
To overcome the logistical difficulties of continuously supplying freshly-isolated, primary porcine liver cells to bioartificial liver support bioreactors, we developed a cryopreservation method using an organotypical sandwich model in a flat membrane bioreactor (FMB). We measured albumin secretion rate, urea synthesis rate and 7-ethoxy coumarin (ECOD) in long-term cultures of ...
Bosselut Nelly - - 2010
In chronic liver diseases, the accumulation of extracellular matrix leading to fibrosis is caused by myofibroblasts, the origins of which are debatable. We performed a comparative proteomic study to identify markers and gain insight into distinct functions of myofibroblasts derived either from hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) or from portal mesenchymal ...
Ishkitiev Nikolay - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal stem cells display extensive proliferative capacity of multilineage differentiation. The stromal compartment of mesenchymal tissues is considered to harbor stem cells. We assessed the endodermal differentiation of mesenchymal cells from deciduous and wisdom tooth pulp. METHODS: Dental mesenchymal cells were isolated and expanded in vitro. After cell cultures ...
Dagouassat Maylis - - 2010
The aim of our study was to investigate whether myofibroblasts and the chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CCL2 may play a role in hepatocellular carcinoma progression. We observed that hepatic myofibroblast LI90 cells express MCP-1/CCL2 mRNA and secrete this chemokine. Moreover, myofibroblast LI90 cell-conditioned medium (LI90-CM) induces human hepatoma Huh7 cell ...
Prince Jose M - - 2010
Artificial extracorporeal support for hepatic failure has met with limited clinical success. In hepatocytes, nitric oxide (NO) functions as an antiapoptotic modulator in response to a variety of stresses. We hypothesized that NO administration would yield improved viability and hepatocellular restructuring in a four-compartment, hollow fiber-based bioreactor with integral oxygenation ...
Bae Myung-Ae MA Drug Discovery Platform Technology Team, Medicinal Science Division, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejon, 305-600, Korea. - - 2010
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are the primary source of extracellular matrix proteins found in liver fibrosis/cirrhosis patients. Therefore, the prevention of HSC activation is an important strategy for treating severe liver injury. This study examined the effects of KR62776, a new peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonist, on the ...
Lan Shih-Feng - - 2010
In this study, we have evaluated the use of ultra-sterile alginate hydrogels encapsulated with HepG2 liver cells for applications in high throughput drug screening. We have studied the cellular viability and metabolic capacity of the encapsulated cells in two different alginate structures SLM100 (G:M::40:60) and SLG100 (G:M::60:40). We have also ...
Gardner Tommy R - - 2010
Valpha14 invariant natural killer T (Valpha14iNKT) cells are at the interface between the innate and adaptive immune responses and are thus critical for providing full engagement of host defense. We investigated the role of polyriboinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly I:C), a replication-competent viral double-stranded RNA mimic and a specific agonist that recognizes ...
Si-Tayeb Karim - - 2010
Embryonic development of the liver has been studied intensely, yielding insights that impact diverse areas of developmental and cell biology. Understanding the fundamental mechanisms that control hepatogenesis has also laid the basis for the rational differentiation of stem cells into cells that display many hepatic functions. Here, we review the ...
Zhou Mingming - - 2010
There is increasing evidence to suggest that embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are capable of differentiating into hepatocytes in vitro. In this study, we used a combination of cytokines and sodium butyrate in a novel three-step procedure to efficiently direct the differentiation of mouse ESCs into hepatocytes. Mouse ESCs were first ...
Kamendulis Lisa M - - 2010
2-Butoxyethanol increases hemangiosarcomas selectively in male mouse liver after chronic inhalation through mechanisms that have not fully been elucidated. Hemolysis, a primary toxic effect associated with 2-butoxyethanol exposure in rodents, increased hemosiderin (iron) deposition in Kupffer cells in the liver. These findings, along with the induction of hepatic neoplastic lesions, ...
Mallah Husam S - - 2010
We report the development of burr cell anemia in an infant with short bowel syndrome who received parenteral fish oil (Omegaven, Fresenius-Kabi, Graz, Austria) after development of total parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease. Parenteral fish oil was discontinued, and the burr cell anemia disappeared, suggesting that parenteral fish oil might be ...
Wu Xi - - 2010
Gold nanocubes demonstrate unique optical properties of the high photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield and a remarkably enhanced extinction band at 544 nm. The 4 x 10(-2) PL yield, which is about 200 times higher than that of gold nanorods, allows gold nanocubes to be successfully used in cell imaging of ...
Rivadeneira Dayana B DB Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide; current chemotherapeutic interventions for this disease are largely ineffective. The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor (RB) is functionally inactivated at relatively high frequency in hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatoma cell lines. Here, we analyzed the ability of CDK4/6 inhibition to inhibit hepatocyte ...
Lee Nikki P - - 2010
The tight junction (TJ) is a critical cellular component for maintenance of tissue integrity, cellular interactions and cell-cell communications, and physiologically functions as the "great wall" against external agents and the surrounding hostile environment. During the host-pathogen evolution, viruses somehow found the key to unlock the gate for their entry ...
Feranchak Andrew P - - 2010
Extracellular ATP represents an important autocrine/paracrine signaling molecule within the liver. The mechanisms responsible for ATP release are unknown, and alternative pathways have been proposed, including either conductive ATP movement through channels or exocytosis of ATP-enriched vesicles, although direct evidence from liver cells has been lacking. Utilizing dynamic imaging modalities ...
Vassiliadis Themistoklis T Gastroenterology and Hepatology Division, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Hippokration Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2010
Spur cell anemia (SCA) is a form of acquired hemolytic anemia seen in patients with advanced cirrhosis and particularly in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of spur cells and spur cell anemia in patients with advanced liver disease and to ...
Shahid Javed M - - 2010
Maintenance of freshly isolated porcine liver cells in vitro is limited for a short period of time. Therefore, establishment of easy handling cell lines is extremely important for in vitro study for liver cells and their possible utilization for cell differentiation and growth of stem cells. Porcine liver cells were ...
Lemaigre Frédéric P - - 2010
The biliary tree drains the bile produced by hepatocytes to the duodenum via a network of intrahepatic and extrahepatic ducts. In the embryo, the intrahepatic ducts are formed near the branches of the portal vein and derive from the liver precursor cells of the hepatic bud, whereas the extrahepatic ducts ...
Ueberham Elke - - 2010
Proliferation of oval cells, the bipotent precursor cells of the liver, requires impeded proliferation and loss of hepatocytes as well as a specific micro-environment, provided by adjacent sinusoidal cells of liver. Despite their immense importance for triggering the oval cell response, cells of hepatic sinusoids are rarely investigated. To elucidate ...
Guguen-Guillouzo Christiane - - 2010
In vitro hepatocyte models represent very useful systems in both fundamental research and various application areas. Primary hepatocytes appear as the closest model for the liver in vivo. However, they are phenotypically unstable, have a limited life span and in addition, exhibit large interdonor variability when of human origin. Hepatoma ...
Lavon Neta - - 2010
Human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) are pluripotent cells having a self-renewal capacity. These unique characteristics of HESCs allow them to be an unlimited source of cells that was shown to differentiate into many cell types, among them hepatocytes. The creation of hepatocytes in culture will allow us to further understand ...
Aoyama Tomonori - - 2010
Liver fibrosis occurs as a wound-healing scar response following acute and chronic liver inflammation including alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, hepatitis B and C, and autoimmune hepatitis. Myofibroblasts, mainly transdifferentiated from hepatic stellate cells, are pivotal cell types that produce fibrillar collagen. The activation of inflammatory cells, including Kupffer cells, ...
Gasnier Céline - - 2010
Worldwide used pesticides containing different adjuvants like Roundup formulations, which are glyphosate-based herbicides, can provoke some in vivo toxicity and in human cells. These pesticides are commonly found in the environment, surface waters and as food residues of Roundup tolerant genetically modified plants. In order to know their effects on ...
Iwamuro Masaya - - 2010
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are pluripotent and are able to unlimitedly proliferate in vitro. This technical breakthrough in creating iPS cells from somatic cells has noteworthy implications for overcoming the immunological rejection and the ethical issues associated with the derivation of embryonic stem cells from embryos. In the current ...
Willard Ryan R - - 2010
Liver in vitro models are needed to replace animal models for rapid assessment of drug biotransformation and toxicity. The PICM-19 pig liver stem cell line may fulfill this need since these cells have activities associated with xenobiotic phase I and II metabolism lacking in other liver cell lines. The objective ...
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